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Archimedes was born in the Greek city-state of Syracuse on the island of Sicily in 287 B.C.

He passed away by being killed by a Roman soldier in the Siege of Syracuse in 212 B.C.
Archimedes was born to the astronomer, Phidias, and thought to be related to Hiero II, which was the
king of Syracuse. Archimedes spent much the beginning years of his life in Syracuse. He grew up in a
Greek family that encouraged him to strive for a good education. Archimedes soon went to Alexandria,
Eygpt to further his knowledge in math and science. He had very broad range of interest and talents
which included poetry, politics, astronomy, music, art, and military tactics. He was very fortunate when
he was able to further his studies in a well known school of mathematics founded by Eucid. There
Archimedes was able to study physics, mathematics, and astronomy with many other smart minds.
Archimedes was born in 287 BC in the Greek city-state of Syracuse on the island of Sicily. His father,
Phidias was an astronomer. Archimedes is said to be a relative of Hiero II, the then king of Syracuse and
presumably lived a royal life. He spent most of his life in Syracuse except for the time he went to
Alexandria, Egypt to receive his education. Belonging to a Greek family young Archimedes was always
encouraged to get education and be knowledgeable. Besides math and science his other major interests
included: poetry, politics, astronomy, music, art and military tactics.
Opportunity came when he got the chance to continue his studies in a famous school of mathematics
founded by Euclid. Here he got the pleasure to study astronomy, physics and mathematics with other
geniuses and big minds of that era. Under the guidance of two great mathematicians and scholars:
Conon of Samos, and Eratosthenes of Cyrene, Archimedes grew up to be a great scientist.

Famous Discoveries and Inventions

The Story of the Golden Crown
Archimedes was given the task to determine the purity of the gold crown made for King Hiero II. In the
process he discovered the way to find out the density of gold and successfully proved that silver was
mixed with the gold crown. This is how he devised a method for determining the volume of an object
with an irregular shape.

The Archimedes Screw
Another great discovery by Archimedes is his famous Archimedes Screw. This is still a famous tool in
Egypt used for irrigation. This screw was mainly invented to remove water from the hold of large ship;
however it is also helpful for handling light, loose materials such as ash, grain, sand etc.

The Claw of Archimedes
Also known as the ship shaker, The Claw of Archimedes is a great weapon designed by Archimedes for
the purpose of defending his home city Syracuse.

Contribution to Mathematics

Archimedes is also famous for his contributions to the filed of mathematics. These include: the use
infinitesimals in a way that is similar to modern integral calculus, the mathematical prove of the formula
for area of a circle, the solution to the problem as an infinite geometric series etc.


Archimedes died during the Siege of Syracuse in 212 BC when he was killed by a Roman soldier. The
Roman soldier killed him while he busy working and experimenting on his ideas.

This great scientist and mathematician passed away but his contributions led the world towards
scientific development and betterment of the human race.

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