IBM Systems and Technology Group

© 2007 IBM Corporation
A10
What is new in AIX V6.1
Part 2 : Security, Availability, Manageability
Jay Kruemcke
AIX Program Director
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 2
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Improve responsiveness
of systems & people
Drive innovation with
technology advancements
Maximize return on
your IT investments
Systems that address
energy efficiencies
Consolidation and
virtualization technologies
across systems
Tiered storage offerings
to match investment with
information value
Flexible systems that work with
what you have today . . . and
scale as you need them
Integrated systems management
across platforms
Business resiliency, availability
and security across the
environment
Performance you can
count on
Systems that address cost of
acquisition, operations and
technology transition
Advancements in technology
at all levels to support
innovation
How should you evaluate technology for your company?
Go Green &
Save
Realize
Innovation
Manage Growth,
Complexity &
Risk
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 3
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
By providing technology for business advantage
Improve responsiveness
of systems & people
Drive innovation with
technology advancements
Maximize return on
your IT investments
How can AIX® V6.1 Help?
Go
Green &
Save
Workload Partitions
Live Application Mobility
Partition Mobility
Workload Partitions
Manager for AIX
Workload Partitions
Live Application Mobility
AIX Concurrent Updates
Near Continuous Availability
features
Realize
Innovation
Manage Growth,
Complexity &
Risk
Workload Partitions
AIX Security Expert
Role Based Access Control
Encrypting Filesystem
Binary Compatibility
Guarantee*
*Details at ibm.com/systems/p/os/aix/compatibility
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 4
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Planned Smooth Upgrade to AIX 6
AIX 6 is binary compatible with AIX 5L
–Current applications will continue to run
–Runs on POWER4™, PPC-970™POWER5™,, POWER6
–Open beta will provide early access to AIX 6
–Binary compatibility Guarantee
No charge upgrade for current AIX V5 clients with SWMA
–No additional out of pocket expense for clients
Upgrade process
–Tools like alt disk installation and NIM minimize client risk
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 5
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Manageability
System Director for AIX
WPAR manageability
Integrated Filesystem Snapshot
Graphical Install
Security
Role Based Access Control
Trusted AIX
Encrypting Filesystem
Secure by Default
Virtualization
Workload Partitions
Application Mobility
Workload Partitions Manager
LPAR Enhancements
AIX 6: The Next Step in the Evolution of the UNIX™OS
Continuous Availability
Features
Concurrent AIX Updates
Kernel Memory Protection keys
Dynamic Tracing
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 6
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX Planned Enterprise Security
Role Based Access Control
Trusted AIX
Encrypting Filesystem
Secure by Default
Trusted Execution
Filesystem Access Tool for SUID
AIX Security Expert Enhancements
Planned CAPP/RBACPP/LSPP/EAL4+ Certifications
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 7
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX V6.1 Role Based Access Control (RBAC)
Go Green & Save
Allows for new ways to delegate administration
duties between system administrators and non-
administrative users
Realize Innovation
Can reduce the cost and complexity of security
administration by allowing secure delegation of
administrative tasks to non-privileged users
Enables a more secure IT infrastructure by
reducing the need for so many privileged
administrators
Assigning roles to programs can reduce the
need for security exposures such as the use of
setuid for programs
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
A new capability of AIX V6.1
that allows privileged
administration tasks to be
delegated to non-privileged users
Access to system resources are
associated with roles that are
assigned to non-privileged users
Many roles are predefined
which can reduce the effort of
implementing RBAC
Roles can also be associated
with programs
How it can help? What is it?
Users Users
Roles
DBA
PRINT
BACKUP
AIX
Resources
AIX
Resources
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 8
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Encrypted File System
Backup in encrypted or clear formats
Can be protected from root access to encrypted data
Integrated into user and group administration
Automatic key store creation on user creation
Key store open on login, integrated into AIX security
Loadable Authentication Module
Each file encrypted with unique key
No keys stored in clear in kernel memory
Key stores in PKCS12 format.
AES, and RSA Cryptography
Always encrypted on disk
Data in clear in memory.
VMM
J2
Filesystem
CLiC
Crypto Lib
User and Group
Key Stores
Crypto Kernext
Kernel ucred open
key store
Login Authentication Module
Key Store
Mgt Cmds
BOS Cmds
Backup/Restore
Cp, mv, crfs, etc
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 9
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX V6.1 Encrypting Filesystem
Go Green & Save
Provides the capability for additional security
for applications that may have security design
exposures
Realize Innovation
Enables improved security by reducing
unauthorized access to data, even by privileged
users
Secure backups reduces the exposure of data
compromised when backup media is taken
outside of secure facilities
Automatic management of protection keys can
reduce the administrative effort of using
encrypted data
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
The capability to automatically
encrypt data in a JFS2 filesystem
Data can be protected from
access by privileged users
Backup in encrypted or clear
formats
Automated key management -
key store open on login,
integrated into AIX security
authentication
Each file encrypted with a
unique key
No keys stored in clear in kernel
memory
A variety of AES, and RSA
cryptography keys supported
How it can help? What is it?
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Always encrypted on disk
Data in clear in memory.
VMM
J2
Filesystem
CLiC
Crypto Lib
User and Group
Key Stores
Crypto Kernext
Kernel ucred open
key store
Login Authentication Module
Key Store
Mgt Cmds
BOS Cmds
Backup/Restore
Cp, mv, crfs, etc
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 10
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX V6.1 Security Expert
Go Green & Save
Allows for new ways to efficiently manage
security across multiple AIX systems
Realize Innovation
Can reduce the cost and complexity of security
administration by allowing federated
management of security profiles across multiple
servers
Enables a more secure IT infrastructure by
reducing the effort of maintaining system
security
“Check” functionality can provide additional
security by validating that the security profile for
each system matches the actual security
settings
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
A centralized security
management tool that can
control over 300 security settings
from a single console
Administrators can start from a
“Low”, “Medium”, “High” or
“Sarbanes-Oxley” security
template and customize settings
to met business requirements
Security settings can be
exported and imported as a
security profile to multiple
systems
On AIX V6.1, security profiles
can be stored in an LDAP
directory for ease of distribution
AIX Security Expert was first
included in AIX V5.3 TL5
How it can help? What is it?
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Password Administration
Login Policy
Remove SUID
Network Tuning
IP Security (firewall) port scans
Audit
/etc/inittab
/etc/rc.tcpip
/etc/inetd.conf
Miscellaneous
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 11
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
UNIX Reliability, Availability and Serviceability
The “Number One” Client Requirement
Competition
Planned
AIX - 2007
AIX - 2006
AIX – 2005
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Time
AIX Functionality
Cross System Workload Mobility
Concurrent AIX updates
POWER6 Kernel Storage Keys
Dynamic Tracing with probevue
Functional Recovery Routines
Firmware Assisted Dump
Live Dump
Component Trace
Memory Overlay Protection
Parallel Dump
Lightweight Malloc debug
Lightweight Memory Trace
Consistency Checkers
Component RAS infrastructure
AIX errorlog
Subsystem Resource Controller
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 12
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX V6.1 Live Application Mobility
Can make it easier to consolidate workloads
from underutilized servers
Go Green & Save
Provides new ways to manage availability and
workload of your IT infrastructure without
significantly impacting end users
Realize Innovation
Can provide increased flexibility to manage
workloads by easily moving the workload to
another system
Facilitates increased reliability by allowing
workloads to be moved away during planned
outages
Automated, policy based relocation can reduce
administrative workload
Supports POWER4, POWER5 and POWER6
based systems
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
The capability to relocate a
running Workload Partition from
one system to another without
restarting the application
The application running inside
the WPAR resumes running after
the relocation is complete
Works with systems based on
POWER4, POWER5 and
POWER6 processors
Requires the IBM Workload
Partitions Manager for AIX
Manual or automatic, policy
based relocation
How it can help? What is it?
Workload
Partition
QA
AIX # 2
Workload
Partition
Data Mining
Workload
Partition
App Server
Workload
Partition
Web
AIX # 1
Workload
Partition
Dev
Workload
Partition
e-mail
Workload
Partitions
Manager
for AIX
Policy
Workload
Partition
Billing
Shared NFS Storage
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 13
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Live Partition Mobility
Can make it easier to consolidate workloads
from underutilized servers by facilitating the
transfer of workloads with almost no end user
impact
Go Green & Save
Live Partition Mobility can provide for a much
more flexible and responsive IT infrastructure by
reducing the cost and risk of rebalancing
workloads
Realize Innovation
Can provide increased flexibility to manage
workloads by easily moving the workload to
another system
Facilitates increased reliability by allowing
workloads to be moved away during planned
outages
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
A POWER6 feature that allows
an entire Logical Partition
(LPAR) to be relocated from one
system to another with almost no
impact to the end user
The end user effect is a single
delay of 2 seconds when the
relocation is completed
Supported by AIX V6.1, AIX
V5.3 and Linux
Live Partition Mobility requires
that all I/O be virtualized through
the Virtual I/O server at the time
of the relocation
How it can help? What is it?
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Movenent to a
different server
with no Ioss of
service
VirtuaIized 5AN and Network lnfrastructure
VirtuaIized 5AN and Network lnfrastructure
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 14
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
•Dependent on POWER6
•AIX 5.3, AIX 6, or Linux
•Controlled by HMC or IVM
•Application response delayed for maximum of 2
seconds
Live Partition
Mobility
•Dependent on AIX 6
•POWER4, POWER5, POWER6
•Controlled by the WPAR Manager
•Application response delay variable
Live Application
Mobility
Key Features Functionality
Mobility Summary
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 15
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX V6.1 Concurrent Kernel Maintenance
Go Green & Save
This new capability can change the way
administrators handle critical fixes such as
security patches
Realize Innovation
Can provide for higher application and AIX
availability by reducing the number of planned
outages to reboot for kernel fixes
Enables greater security by reducing the impact
of installing some security fixes
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
A new capability to install some
kernel fixes without having to
reboot
Concurrent kernel maintenance
can be applied without
substantially impacting
application or AIX operations
Concurrent maintenance can be
backed off without an outage
Theoretically could be used for
about 80% of the single module
kernel updates
Concurrent maintenance will
initially be packaged as Interim
Fixes
Traditional install and reboot still
required for upgrades and some
kernel maintenance
How it can help? What is it?
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Kernel Space
User Space
Interim Fix
Concurrent update
vmmove() patch
vmmove()
getgidx()
sleepx()
vmmove()
emgr
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 16
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX V6.1 POWER6 Storage Keys
Go Green & Save
This new capability can reduce the likelihood of
an entire class of intermittent application and
AIX problems
Realize Innovation
Can provide for higher AIX availability by
reducing the number of unplanned outages due
to intermittent memory overlay
Enables complex applications that use large
amounts of memory to protect core functions
from memory overlay
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
Exploitation of a POWER6
processor hardware feature to
provide additional isolation of
kernel and application data
Storage keys can prevent
invalid changes to memory
cause by programming errors
Application use of POWER6
storage keys is enabled in AIX
V5.3
AIX Kernel exploitation of
POWER6 storage keys is
included in AIX V6.1
How it can help? What is it?
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
User
Code
User
Data
Files
WS DB2
Kernel
Code
Kernel
Data
JFS2 LVM VMM . . . SCSI ENT FC
Application
Address Space
AIX Drivers AIX Kernel
UNIX Kernel Address Space
User
Code
User
Data
Files
WS DB2
Kernel
Code
Kernel
Data
JFS2 LVM VMM . . . SCSI ENT FC
Application
Address Space
AIX Drivers AIX Kernel
UNIX Kernel Address Space
User
Code
User
Data
Files
WS DB2
Kernel
Code
Kernel
Data
JFS2 LVM VMM . . . SCSI ENT FC
Application
Address Space
AIX Drivers AIX Kernel
AIX Kernel Address Space
User
Code
User
Data
Files
WS DB2
Kernel
Code
Kernel
Data
JFS2 LVM VMM . . . SCSI ENT FC
Application
Address Space
AIX Drivers AIX Kernel
AIX Kernel Address Space
After POWER6 Storage Keys
Before POWER6 Storage Keys
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 17
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Live Partition Mobility
Can make it easier to consolidate workloads
from underutilized servers by facilitating the
transfer of workloads with almost no end user
impact
Go Green & Save
Live Partition Mobility can provide for a much
more flexible and responsive IT infrastructure by
reducing the cost and risk of rebalancing
workloads
Realize Innovation
Can provide increased flexibility to manage
workloads by easily moving the workload to
another system
Facilitates increased reliability by allowing
workloads to be moved away during planned
outages
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
A POWER6 feature that allows
an entire Logical Partition
(LPAR) to be relocated from one
system to another with almost no
impact to the end user
The end user effect is a single
delay of 2 seconds when the
relocation is completed
Supported by AIX V6.1, AIX
V5.3 and Linux
Live Partition Mobility requires
that all I/O be virtualized through
the Virtual I/O server at the time
of the relocation
How it can help? What is it?
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Movenent to a
different server
with no Ioss of
service
VirtuaIized 5AN and Network lnfrastructure
VirtuaIized 5AN and Network lnfrastructure
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 18
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX V6.1 probevue Dynamic Tracing
Go Green & Save
Dynamic tracing offers an entirely different way
for developers and system administrators to
troubleshoot application problems
Realize Innovation
Enables the possibility to dramatically reduce
the amount of time and effort to debug and tune
applications
Can reduce the performance impact to the
system compared to using traditional tracing
methods
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
A new capability to dynamically
extract information about a
program as it is running
Trace points can be added or
removed dynamically without
recompiling or restarting the
application
Includes a new language, vue,
to define the desired action when
a probe point is reached
Support for C language
programs
How it can help? What is it?
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Formatted
I/O
User Kernel
Probe Location
User Process Code
Some thread
hits probe point
(1)
Branches to probe
code (2)
Probe
code
(3)
Returns to
probe point
(4)
Thread
continues
execution(5)
Trace Consumer
Trace File
or
Trace Output
Trace Buffers
E-code
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 19
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX V6.1 Non-intrusive service aids
Go Green & Save
These new service features provide an
infrastructure that can fundamentally change the
OS problem determination process for the better
Realize Innovation
Designed to increase availability by reducing
problem determination time and effort
Can reduce the impact of problems by
minimizing the intrusiveness of problem
determination compared to traditional methods
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
A number of new reliability,
availability and serviceability
features that are designed to
improve system and application
reliability
New features include:
Live Dump
Firmware Assisted Dump
Enhanced first failure data
capture (FFDC) for AIX
Enhanced features:
Lightweight malloc debug
Lightweight memory trace
Consistency checkers
Component trace
How it can help? What is it?
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 20
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Planned AIX Enhanced Manageability
WPAR Management
Systems Director Console for AIX
Integrated Filesystem Snapshot
Automatic Variable Page size for POWER6
IBM Director enablement
Tivoli Integration
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 21
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
IBM Workload Partitions Manager for AIX
Can make it easier to consolidate workloads
from underutilized servers by providing a single
point of management for all WPARs and
enablement for Live Application Mobility
Go Green & Save
Policy based relocation and federated
management of WPARs provides new ways to
manage your IT infrastructure
Realize Innovation
Can reduce cost and complexity through
centralized management of WPARs across
multiple systems
Enables increased flexibility by allowing
administrators to quickly create, clone or delete
Workload Partitions from one system to another
Supports POWER4, POWER5 and POWER6
based systems
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
A new product that federates
management of WPARs across
multiple systems
WPARs can be created, cloned,
stopped, started and monitored
from a single location
Includes enablement for Live
Application Mobility
A member of the IBM Systems
Director family of products to
provide a common operational
methodology
The WPAR Manager™ is
available separately from AIX
How it can help? What is it?
WPAR Agent
AIX
System/Application WPARs
WPAR Agent
AIX
System/Application WPARs
WPAR Agent
AIX
System/Application WPARs
WPAR Agent
AIX
System/Application WPARs
WPAR Agent
AIX
System/Application WPARs
WPAR Agent
AIX
System/Application WPARs
IBM
Workload
Partitions
Manager
for AIX
Browser
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 22
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX V6.1 Systems Director Console for AIX
Go Green & Save
The combination of web access to
administration tools and the ability to execute
administrative tasks on multiple systems can
change the way you manage the AIX OS
Realize Innovation
Can reduce the amount of effort and cost
associated with managing the AIX OS
Web access to administrative tasks can simplify
systems management
Consistent user interface with IBM Systems
Director and the WPAR Manager can reduce
retraining and other administrative costs
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
A new web based management
tool that provides easy access to
common system administration
tasks
Administrators can access
Systems Management Interface
Tool (SMIT) menus from a
browser
Graphical user interface is fast
and consistent with IBM Systems
Director look and feel
All necessary components for
the Console are included in AIX
The Distributed Command
Execution Manager (DCEM)
feature of the Console allows an
administrative task to run on
multiple systems at once
How it can help? What is it?
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 23
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Planned Systems Director Console for AIX
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 24
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX V6.1 POWER6 Automatic Variable Page Size
Can improve overall system performance which
could improve the amount of work done per Watt
of energy
Go Green & Save
This “self tuning” aspect of AIX V6.1 can
improve performance while reducing
administrative workload
Realize Innovation
Automated page size tuning can reduce the
amount of effort and cost associated with
managing a key aspect of performance tuning
Since this feature is turned “on” by default, it
improves your ability to get the most out of your
systems based on POWER6 processors
Manage Growth,
Complexity & Risk
AIX V6.1 exploitation of a
POWER6 feature that supports
variable page size
AIX will automatically select
optimal page size to provide
better performance
Kernel will choose between 4K
and 64K pages, including a mix
within a memory region
Supports process data, heap,
stack, shared memory,
anonymous mmap() memory
Enabled by default with
administrative controls to turn off
or change aggressiveness to
“upsize”
How it can help? What is it?
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 25
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX 6.1 Improved Out of Box Performance
VMM Page Replacement
– New VMM page replacement thresholds
• Eliminates the requirement for ‘basic’ performance tuning for most customers
– List-based LRU enabled by default
Asynchronous IO (AIO)
– Dynamic AIO tuning
• Customers don’t need to tune AIO to achieve good performance
– AIO Fast Path for CIO
• Increased performance for databases using CIO by using direct kernel path for most
data
JFS2
– Allow open in Read only access to files opened with CIO (for backup programs)
NFS
– TCP scaling window enabled by default (RFC1323)
– Increased number of NFS biod daemons per client NFS mount
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 26
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX 5.2/5.3 (current)
– minperm% = 20
– maxperm% = 80
– maxclient% = 80
– strict_maxperm = 0
– strict_maxclient = 1
– lru_file_repage = 1
– page_steal_method = 0
AIX 6.1 VMM Page Replacement Defaults
AIX 6.1
– minperm% = 3
– maxperm% = 90
– maxclient% = 90
– strict_maxperm = 0
– strict_maxclient = 1
– lru_file_repage = 0
– page_steal_method = 1
On AIX V6.1, no paging to the paging space will occur
unless the system memory is over committed (AVM > 97%)
NO VMM page replacement tuning required on AIX 6.1
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 27
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
OOB Performance Improvements To AIO
AIO kernel extension loaded at system boot
– No AIO servers active until requests
AIO servers stay active as long as they service
requests
– Number of AIO server dynamically increased/reduced
based on the demand of the workload
Changes to AIO tunables are dynamic through ioo
– Changes do not require system reboot
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 28
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Technology that can provide business advantage
AIX
Go Green &
Save
Manage Growth,
Complexity &
Risk
Realize
Innovation
Cut costs and “go green”
with AIX consolidation and
virtualization
AIX scales to greater levels
of performance while
providing superior availability
and security
IBM investments in AIX
provide technologies that can
change the way you operate
your IT infrastructure, which
can provide significant
business advantage
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 29
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX 6 Open Beta
First Open Beta for AIX
Some customer comments:
“Based on what I have seen so far with 1A beta, I like this better than Zones”
“We’re excited about the ease of creation and maintenance of the WPAR
environments, as experienced so far”
“JFS2 Snapshots are pretty cool and work as expected … the RBAC stuff
works like a charm without any problems… It works great, and will be an asset
to security and separation of duties for auditing purposes as well”
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 30
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
POWER6 Support
June 2007 support POWER6 by AIX 5L V5.2 and V5.3
– Technology Level 6 for AIX 5L V5.3
– Technology Level 10 for AIX 5L V5.2 (this is the last planned update for AIX V5.2)
POWER6 is backward Binary Compatible* with previous POWER processors
Exploitation of some features of
POWER6 will require AIX 6

• Kernel Storage Keys
• Dynamic, variable page size
• Firmware Assisted Dump
But many features of POWER6
will be supported by AIX 5L V5.3
• Live Partition Mobility
• Shared Dedicated processor
• Hardware Decimal Floating-Point
• Application Storage Keys
POWER6
*Complete details on AIX binary compatibility can be found at http://www.ibm.com/servers/aix/os/compatibility/
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 31
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX 6 Hardware Support
Systems based on POWER4, PPC-970, POWER5 and POWER6 processors will
be supported
32- and 64-bit applications will continue to run unchanged on AIX 6
64-bit Kernel only
*Complete details on AIX binary compatibility can be found at http://www.ibm.com/servers/aix/os/compatibility/
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 32
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX Binary Compatibility Guarantee
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 33
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Getting Started with AIX 6
First step – beta information at ibm.com/aix
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 34
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
Resources
ibm.com/aix
– Main AIX page – links to open beta and AIX 6 preview information
ibm.com/partnerworld/aix
– Portal for AIX related items for ISVs
– Links to webcast on AIX 6 and POWER6 for ISVs – “The POWER of 6”
ibm.com/developerworks
– Whitepapers and other AIX info
w3.ibm.com/sales/systems
– AIX and System p Virtualization Sales kits in System sales
– Presentations on AIX 6 and POWER6 virtualization
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 35
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
End-to-end Management Approach for System p
System p
Element
Mgrs
Managed
environments
Operating
systems
Virtualization
software
(and other mgt tools)
AIX Management
Workload Partitions Manager
IBM Systems Director Console for AIX
LPAR Management
System Planning and Deployment Tool
HMC or IVM
Basic
Cross-
Platform
capabilities
(p Specific)
Monitoring
IBM Director
Optimization
Advanced
Cross-
Platform
IBM System p
Tivoli Monitoring Systems Edition
IBM Virtualization Manager
Enterprise Workload Manager
Cluster Systems Manager
Virtualization Management
Tivoli Monitoring
Tivoli Provisioning Manager
Tivoli Application
Dependency Discovery Mgr
Tivoli Usage and Acct Mgr
Tivoli Storage Mgr
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 36
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX 6
The next step in the evolution of the UNIX OS
Session A10
IBM Systems and Technology Group
© 2007 IBM Corporation 37
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject
to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
AIX and System p
Innovative features for virtualization, security,
continuous availability, and systems
management
Mainframe-inspired technologies
Strong future roadmap and IBM commitment
ibm.com/aix

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