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Electrical Machines (D.C.

1. In a d.c. motor, unidirectional torque is
produced with the help of
(a) brushes
(b) commutator
(c) end-plates
(d) both (a) and (b)

2. The counter e.m.f. of a d.c. motor
(a) often exceeds the supply voltage
(b) aids the applied voltage
(c) helps in energy conversion
(d) regulates its armature voltage

3. The normal value of the armature resistance
of a d.c. motor is
(a) 0.005
(b) 0.5
(c) 10
(d) 100

4. The Eb/V ratio of a d.c. motor is an indication
of its
(a) efficiency
(b) speed regulation
(c) starting torque
(d) Running Torque

5. The mechanical power developed by the
armature of a d.c. motor is equal to
(a) armature current multiplied by back e.m.f.
(b) power input minus losses
(c) power output multiplied by efficiency
(d) power output plus iron losses

6. The induced e.m.f. in the armature conductors
of a d.c. motor is
(a) sinusoidal
(b) trapezoidal
(c) rectangular
(d) alternating

7. A d.c. motor can be looked upon as d.c.
generator with the power flow
(a) reduced
(b) reversed
(c) increased
(d) modified

8. In a d.c. motor, the mechanical output power
actually comes from
(a) field system
(b) air-gap flux
(c) back e.m.f.
(d) electrical input power

9. The maximum torque of d.c. motors is limited
(a) commutation
(b) heating
(c) speed
(d) armature current

10. Which of the following quantity maintains the
same direction whether a d.c. machine runs as a
generator or as a motor ?
(a) induced e.m.f.
(b) armature current
(c) field current
(d) supply current

11. Under constant load conditions, the speed of
a d.c. motor is affected by
(a) field flux
(b) armature current
(c) back e.m.f.
(d) both (b) and (c)

12. It is possible to increase the field flux and, at
the same time, increase the speed of a d.c.
motor provided its .......... is held constant.
(a) applied voltage
(b) torque
(c) Armature circuit resistance
(d) armature current

13. The current drawn by a 120 - V d.c. motor of
armature resistance 0.5 and back e.m.f. 110 V
is .......... ampere.
(a) 20
(b) 240
(c) 220
(d) 5

14. The shaft torque of a d.c. motor is less than
its armature torque because of .......... losses.
(a) copper
(b) mechanical
(c) iron
(d) rotational

15. A d.c. motor develops a torque of 200 N-m
at 25 rps. At 20 rps it will develop a torque of
.......... N-m.
(a) 200
(b) 160
(c) 250
(d) 128

16. Neglecting saturation, if current taken by a
series motor is increased from 10 A to 12 A, the
percentage increase in its torque is ........
(a) 20
(b) 44
(c) 30.5
(d) 16.6

17. If load on a d.c. shunt motor is increased, its
speed is decreased due primarily to
(a) increase in its flux
(b) decrease in back e.m.f.
(c) increase in armature current
(d) increase in brush drop

18. If the load current and flux of a d.c. motor
are held constant and voltage applied across its
armature is increased by 10 per cent, its speed
(a) decrease by about 10 per cent
(b) remain unchanged
(c) increase by about 10 per cent
(d) increase by 20 per cent.

19. If the pole flux of a d.c. motor approaches
zero, its speed will
(a) approach zero
(b) approach infinity
(c) no change due to corresponding change in
back e.m.f.
(d) approach a stable value somewhere
between zero and infinity.

20. If the field circuit of a loaded shunt motor is
suddenly opened
(a) it would race to almost infinite speed
(b) it would draw abnormally high armature
(c) circuit breaker or fuse will open the
circuit before too much damage is done to
the motor
(d) torque developed by the motor would be
reduced to zero.

21. Which of the following d.c. motor would be
suitable for drives requiring high starting torque
but only fairly constant speed such as crushers
(a) shunt
(b) series
(c) compound
(d) permanent magnet

22. A d.c. shunt motor is found suitable to drive
fans because they require
(a) small torque at start up
(b) large torque at high speeds
(c) practically constant voltage
(d) both (a) and (b)

23. Which of the following load would be best
driven by a d.c. compound motor ?
(a) reciprocating pump
(b) centrifugal pump
(c) electric locomotive
(d) fan

24. As the load is increased, the speed of a d.c.
shunt motor
(a) increases proportionately
(b) remains constant
(c) increases slightly
(d) reduces slightly

25. Between no-load and full-load, .......... motor
develops the least torque
(a) series
(b) shunt
(c) cumulative compound
(d) differential compound

26. The Ta/Ia graph of a d.c. series motor is a
(a) parabola from no-load to overload
(b) straight line throughout
(c) parabola throughout
(d) parabola upto full-load and a straight line
at overloads.

27. As compared to shunt and compound
motors, series motor has the highest torque
because of its comparatively .......... at the start.
(a) lower armature resistance
(b) stronger series field
(c) fewer series turns
(d) larger armature current

28. Unlike a shunt motor, it is difficult for a series
motor to stall under heavy loading because
(a) it develops high overload torque
(b) its flux remains constant
(c) it slows down considerably
(d) its back e.m.f. is reduced to almost zero.

29. When load is removed, .......... motor will run
at the highest speed.
(a) shunt
(b) cumulative-compound
(c) differential compound
(d) series

30. A series motor is best suited for driving
(a) lathes
(b) cranes and hoists
(c) shears and punches
(d) machine tools

31. A 220 V shunt motor develops a torque of 54
N-m at armature current of 10 A. The torque
produced when the armature current is 20 A, is
(a) 54 N-m
(b) 81 N-m
(c) 108 N-m
(d) None of the above

32. The d.c. series motor should never be
switched on at no load because
(a) the field current is zero
(b) The machine does not pick up
(c) The speed becomes dangerously high
(d) It will take too long to accelerate.

33. A shunt d.c. motor works on a.c. mains
(a) unsatisfactorily
(b) satisfactorily
(c) not at all
(d) none of the above

34. A 200 V, 10 A motor could be rewound for
100 V, 20 A by using .......... as many turns per
coil of wire, having .......... the cross-sectional
(a) twice, half
(b) thrice, one third
(c) half, twice
(d) four times, one-fourth

1.In a D.C. shunt motor, speed is
independent of armature current
2.The type of D.C. motor used for shears and
punches is
cumulative compound D.C. motor
3.If a D.C. motor is connected across the
A.C. supply it will
burn due to heat produced in the field
winding by .eddy currents
4.In a D.C. shunt motor, under the conditions
of maximum power, the current in the
armature will be
more than full-load current
5.Differentially compound D.C. motors can find applications requiring
low starting torque
6.The speed of a D.C. shunt motor more than its full-load speed can be
obtained by
decreasing the field current

7.A direct on line starter is used: for starting
iip to 5 H.P.
8.By looking at which part of the motor, it
can be easily confirmed that a particular
motor is D.C. motor?
9.These days D.C. motors are widely used in
electric traction
10.To get the speed of D.C, motor below the
normal without wastage of electrical energy is used.
Ward Leonard control
11.According to Fleming's left-hand rule, when the forefinger points in the direction of the field or
flux, the middle finger will point in the direction of
none of the above
12.In case of D.C. shunt motors the speed is
dependent on back e.m.f. only because
flux is practically constant in D:C. shunt
13.A D.C. series motor is that which
has its field winding consisting of thick wire
and less turns

14.When two D.C. series motors are
connected in parallel, the resultant speed is
normal speed
15.If a D.C. motor is to be selected for conveyors, which
rriotor would be preferred ?
Series motor
16.Starters are used with D.C. motors because
to restrict armature current as there is no back e.m.f. while starting
17.Which D.C. motor will be preferred for
machine tools ?
Shunt motor
18.The direction of rotation of a D.C. series
motor can be changed by
interchanging field terminals
19.Which of the following application
requires high starting torque ?

20.For starting a D.C. motor a starter is
required because
it limits the starting current to a safe value
21.Which D.C. motor is preferred for
elevators ?
Cumulative compound motor
22.What will happen if the back e.m.f. of a
D.C. motor vanishes suddenly?
The armature may burn

23.In D.C. shunt motors as load is reduced
the speed will remain almost/constant
1.The current drawn by the armature of D.C.
motor is directly proportional to
the torque required
2.The power mentioned on the name plate of
an electric motor indicates
the output power available at the shaft
3.The speed of a D.C. series motor is

inversely proportional to the armature
4.The ratio of starting torque to full-load
torque is least in case of
shunt motors
5.In D.C. motor which of the following can sustain the maximum temperature rise?
Field winding
6.Which of the following law/rule can he used to determine the direction of rotation of
D.C. motor ?
Fleming's left-hand rule
7.The mechanical power developed by a
shunt motor will be maximum when the ratio
of back e.m.f. to applied voltage is
8.The condition for maximum power in case
of D.C. motor is
back e.m.f. = | x supply voltage
supply voltage = | x back e.m.f.
supply voltage = back e.m.f.
9.In D.C. machines fractional pitch winding is
to reduce the sparking
10.For the same H.P. rating and full load speed,
following motor has poor starting torque
differentially compounded
11.The starting resistance of a D.C. motor is
12.Which D.C. motor will be suitable
alongwith flywheel for intermittent light and
heavy loads?
Cumulatively compounded motor
13.In a D.C. series motor, if the armature
current is reduced by 50%, the torque of the
motor will be equal to
25% of the previous value
14.If a D.C. shunt motor is working at no load
and if shunt field circuit suddenly opens
ANSWER : D.C. series motors are used

15.In case-the conditions for maximum power for a D.C. motor are established, the
efficiency of the motor will be
less than 50%
16.In case of conductively compensated D.C. series motors, the compensating winding
is provided
in series with armature winding
17.Which of the following load normally
needs starting torque more than the rated
18.Which D.C. motor has got maximum self
loading property?
Differentially compounded motor
19.A three point starter is considered
suitable for
shunt as well as compound motors
20.If the supply voltage for a D.C. motor is increased, which of the
following will decrease ?
Full-load current
21.Which one of the following is not the function of pole shoes in a D.C.
machine ?
To reduce eddy current loss
22.Which of the following motor is preferred
for operation in highly explosive atmosphere
Air motor
23.Sparking at the commutator of a D.C.
motor may result in
all of the above
1.Which of the following method of speed control
of D.C. machine will offer minimum efficiency ?
Armature control method
2.Sparking, is discouraged in a D.C. motor
commutator gets damaged
3.The speed of a D.C. motor can be varied by
any of the above
4.If I2 be the armature current, then speed of
a D.C. shunt motor is
independent of Ia
5.Which D.C. motor is generally preferred for
cranes and hoists ?
Series motor
6.Speed control by Ward Leonard method gives
uniform speed variation
in both directions
7.Which of the following motor has the
poorest speed regulation ?
Series motor
8.Three point starter can be used for
both shunt and compound motor
9.Flywheel is used with D.C. compound
motor to reduce the peak demand by the
motor, compound motor will have to be
cumulatively compounded
10.Which one of the following is not necessarily the advantage of D.C. motors over
A.C. motors ?
Low cost
11.Following motor is used where high starting torque and wide speed range control
is required.
D.C. motor
12.At the instant of starting when a D.C.
motor is put on supply, it behaves like
a low resistance circuit
13.As -the load is increased the speed of
D.C. shunt motor will
reduce slightly
14.In D.C. machines the residual magnetism
is of the order of
2 to 3 per cent
15.The armature voltage control of D.C. motor provides
constant torque drive
16.For a D.C. shunt motor if the excitation is changed
torque will change but power will remain constant
17.Usually wide and sensitive speed control
is desired in case of
colliery winders
18.As there is no back e.m.f. at the instant of
starting a D.C. motor, in order to prevent a
heavy current from flowing though the
armature circuit
a resistance is connected in series with
the motor will first stop and then run in
opposite direction as series motor
20.The speed of a D.C. shunt motor can be increased by
increasing the resistance in field circuit
21.The armature torque of the D.C. shunt motor is
proportional to

armature current only
22.In case the back e.m.f. and the speed of a
D.C. motor are doubled, the torque
developed by the motor will
remain unchanged
23.The speed of a motor falls from 1100
r.p.m. at no-load to 1050 r.p.m. at rated load.
The speed regulation of the motor is
24.Buses, trains, trolleys, hoists, cranes require
high starting torque and therefore make use of
D.C. series motor
1.The armature voltage control of D.C. motor
constant torque drive
2.Which of the following loss in a D.C.
generator varies significantly with the load
current ?
Armature copper loss
3.Which of the following motors is most
suitable for signalling devices and many
kinds of timers ?
Reluctance motor
4.If the speed of a D.C. shunt motor is
increased, the back e.m.f. of the motor will
5.If a D.C. motor designed for 40C ambient
temperature is to be used for 50C ambient
temperature, then the motor
is to be derated by a factor recom-mended by
manufacturer and select the next higher H.P.
6.D.C. shunt motors are used for driving
machine tools
7.The main disadvantage of the Ward-
Leonard control method is
all of the above
8.Which of the following motors is usually
used in house-hold refrigerators ?
Single phase induction motor (split phase
start or induction run motor)
9.Regenerative method of braking is based
on that
back e.m.f. is equal to the applied voltage
10.In Ward-Leonard control the lower limit of
speed is imposed by
residual magnetism of the generator
11.Ward-Leonard control is basically a
voltage control method
12.Which of the following motors one will
choose to drive the rotary compressor ?
Synchronous motor
13.Which of the following steps is likely to
result in reduction of hysteresis loss in a
D.C. generator ?
Using material of low hysteresis co-efficient
for armature core material
14.Which of the following loss in a D.C.
generator is dissipated in the form of heat?
All of the above
15.In a D.C. generator all of the following could be the effects of
iron losses except
Increase in terminal voltage
16.For constant torque drive which speed control method is
preferred ?

Armature voltage control
17.The losses occurring in a D.C. generator
are given below. Which loss is likely to have
highest proportion at rated load of the
generator ?
armature copper loss

18.The hysteresis loss in a D.C. machine
least depends on
Rate of flow of ventilating air
19.Which motor should not be started on no-
load ?
Series motor
20.If the terminals of armature of D.C. motor are interchanged, this action will offer following
kind of braking (o) regenerative
21.In a manual shunt motor starter
over load relay is connected in series and no volt relay in parallel with the load
22.Why are the D.C. motors preferred for
traction applications ?
The speed is inversely proportional to the
torque and the torque is proportional to square of
armature current
23.The plugging gives the
highest torque braking
24.Which of the following losses are significantly reduced by laminating the core of a D.C.
generator ?

Eddy current losses
1.D.C. motor is to a drive a load which is almost nil for certain part of the load cycle and peak
value for short duration. We will select this
compound motor
2.Where D.C. motor of H.P. 12 or more
requires frequent starting, stopping,
reversing and speed control
drum type controller is used
3.D.C. generators are normally designed for
maximum efficiency around
4.The purpose of retardation test on D.C.
shunt machines is to find out
stray losses
5.D.C. motor is to drive a load which has certain minimum value for most of the time
and some peak value for short duration. We will select the
series motor
6.In variable speed motor
a weaker commutating field is
needed at low speed than at high speed
7.In the D.C. motor the iron losses occur in
the armature
8.One D.C. motor drives another D.C. motor.
The second D.C. motor when excited and
runs as a generator
9.Which of the following tests will be suitable
for testing two similar D.C. series motors of
large capacity ?
Field test
10.The speed of a D.C. shunt motor is required to be more than full load speed. This is possible
reducing the field current
11.If a D.C. shunt motor is working at full load and if shunt field circuit suddenly opens
this will make armature to take heavy current, possibly burning it
ANSWER : For which types of D.C. motor, dynamic braking is generally used ?
13.Hopkinson's test on D.C. machines is
conducted at
14.The condition for maximum efficiency for
a D.C. generator is
variable losses = constant losses
15.D.C. generators are installed near the load centres to

line losses
16.When the armature of a D.C. motor rotates, e.m.f.
induced is
back e.m.f.
17.Which method of braking is generally
used in elevators ?
18.Which D.C. motor has got maximum self
relieving property ?
Series motor
19.In a D.C. generator, the iron losses mainly
take place in
armature rotor
1. Armature reaction in dc motor results
A. increase in speed.
2. In shunt dc motor the direction of
rotation of the motor will reversed. When
. either field terminals are
reversed or armature terminals are
3. What is the necessity of copper brushes
in a dc motors?
. None of these.
4. The armature core of the rotor bars of
dc motors are laminated
. to reduce hysteresis loss.
A. to reduce eddy
current loss.
1. A lap wound 4 pole dc motor has 460
conductors. Find the number of parallel
paths between the conductors?
A. 4.
2. The armature resistance of the dc motor
is generally of the range
. 0.5 ohm.
3. The power flow of a dc motor, with
respect to a DC generator is
. modified.
A. reversed.
4. A 4 pole dc motor with armature winding
resistance of 0.6 ohm receives a supply
of 230 Volt. If the back emf produced
during running condition is equal to 210
volt. Calculate theelectric current flowing
through the armature at this point.
. 33.33 Amp.
5. The shaft torque of a dc motor is less
than the electromagnetic torque
because of
. mechanical losses.
6. A 230 volt dc motor has an armature
winding resistance of 0.5 ohm. Calculate
the emf induced by the motor if the full
load armature electric current is 23
. 218.5 volt.
7. A 4 pole wave wound dc motor having
flux per pole of 9.56 10
Wb contains
460 armature conductors. Calculate the
back emf produced when it is running at
a speed of 1500 rpm.
. 220 volt.
8. A 4 pole wave wound dc motor having
flux per pole of 9.56 10
Wb contains
460 armature conductors with armature
resistance of 0.6 ohm. Calculate the
starting electric current flowing through
the armature if the supply voltage is 240
. 400 Amp.
9. In case of a dc motor the ratio E
/ E is
indicative of
. efficiency.
10. a dc motor is given by
. E
11. When the armature electric current of 5
Amp is flowing through the dc motor the
torque produced is 47 Nm. Keeping the
speed constant if the armature electric
current is increased to 7 amp, calculate
the new torque. Assume losses to be
. 65.8 Nm.
12. The back emf produced in a dc motor
depends on
. P and Z.
13. A 4 point starter is used to start and
control the speed of a
. dc shunt motor with field weakening.
14. Which motor used in Lathe machine?
. D.C. cumulative
compound motor.
15. The armature resistance of 200 V dc
shunt motor is 0.4 and no load current
is 2 Amp. When loaded, the
armature electric current is 50 Amp. The
speed is 1200 rpm. Find out the no-load
. 1328 rpm.
16. The direction of rotation of a D.C.
interchanging field terminals.
1. In case of a D.C shunt motor under no
load condition the air gap flux
A. remains constant.
2. In DC series motor the speed is
______________ proportional to the
armature current.
. inversely.
3. A compound motor has
. both shunt and series
field winding.
4. A dc motor with armature resistance of
0.5 ohms connected directly to a 230
Volt supply. If the armature is stationary
then the electric current flowing through
armature is
. 340 A.
A. 250 A.
B. 460 A.
C. 570 A.

1. A shunt motor of 250 V having armature
resistance 0.5 Ohm and no-load electric
currentis 2 A. When loaded and taking a
armature electric current of 20 A. The
speed is 1000 r.p.m. The approximate
no load speed will be
A. 1037.5 r.p.m.
B. 1130 r.p.m.
C. 4575.4 r.p.m.
D. none of above.
2. The armature of a DC motor is
laminated to reduce
. hysteresis loss.
A. eddy current loss.
B. copper loss.
C. friction and windage loss.
3. A 4 pole lap wound DC shunt motor
rotates at the speed of 1500 rpm, has a
flux of 0.4 mWb and the total number of
conductors are 1000. What is the value
of emf?
. 10 volts.
A. 20 volts.
B. 30 volts.
C. 40 volts.
4. Which of the following motors one will
choose to drive paper machine?
. DC Shunt motor.
A. DC compound motor.
B. Separately excited motor.
C. DC series motor.
5. In electric locomotive which of the
following motor are used ?
. DC series motor.
6. A 250 V DC shunt motor having an
armature resistance of 0.5 and a field
resistance of 250 . The
armature electric current draws 20 A.
What is the back e.m.f of the motor?
. 240 V.
1. On what factors the speed of dc motor
A. All of these.
2. The speed of a motor falls from 1100
r.p.m at no-load to 1050 r.p.m at rated
load. The speed regulation of motor is
. 4.76%.
3. Swinburne's test is applicable to
. DC shunt motor.
4. Which of these types of motor is used in
. DC compound motor.
5. A 4 pole 250 V wave connected shunt
motor gives 10 KW when running at
1000 rpm and drawing armature and
field electric current 60 A and 1 A
respectively. Its armature resistance is
0.2 Assuming drop of 1 V per brush.
The total torque will be
. 135.22 Nm.
1. Two identical loss less series motors
connected in series across a dc supply
voltage, runs at speed of N
and N
then ratio of their output power is
B. N
: N
2. The dc motor which can provide zero
speed regulation at full load without any
controller, is
. differential compound.
3. Which machines are mostly gear
. DC motors.
4. Which type of motors are preferred in
. DC compound motors.
5. In lathes, milling and grinding machines
which motor will preferred?
A. Either A or B.