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Name Joseph Eliot Magnet Organization Full Professor, University of Ottawa Faculty
of Common Law
Number 1

Biographical information
Joseph Magnet has a B.A. from Long Island and a LL.B, LL.M and Ph.D from McGill University. He is a
member of the Bar of Ontario and a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.

Professional information
Joseph clerked for Chief Justice Brian Dickson at the Supreme Court of Canada and served as Crown Counsel in
Ottawa. He has been a visiting professor at Boalt Hall Law School, University of California, Berkeley, the
University of Haifa in Israel, the Central European University in Budapest, Tel Aviv University, Israel and the
Universit de Paris, France. He has acted as counsel in more than two hundred constitutional cases in the
Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court of Canada and the trial and appellate courts of Ontario, Quebec,
B.C. and Manitoba. He has been lead counsel for the Government of Canada in Supreme Court of Canada
appeals, advisor to the Canadian Federal, Provincial and Territorial Governments on constitutional matters, a
frequent invited expert before Senate and House of Commons Committees; counsel to individual Senators and
Members of the House of Commons; counsel for First Nations, minority groups, corporations and others. He is
General Counsel to the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples with responsibility for all constitutional, treaty and
Aboriginal rights litigation and Chief Negotiator and Lead Counsel for First Nations in Land Claims Processes.
Joseph is also legal counsel and an advisor to the Afar State in Ethiopia.

Subject matter expertise
Joseph is one of Canadas most respected constitutional lawyers. He is the author of eighteen books and more
than one-hundred articles on legal subjects, particularly constitutional and Aboriginal law. He has lectured
widely in Canada and around the world, and is in frequent demand as a radio, television and op-ed commentator
in Canadas major media.

- Administrative Law: Cases and Materials (Toronto: Emond-Montgomery, 2013).
- The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms at Twenty-Five (Toronto: LexisNexis Butterworths, 2009).
- Official Languages of Canada: New Essays (Toronto: LexisNexis Butterworths, 2008),
- Constitutional Law of Canada (9th edition), Vol. I, Federalism and Aboriginal Peoples (Edmonton: Juriliber, 2007).
- Equality between Linguistic Communities in Canada in Andr Bran, Pierre Foucher & Yves Le Bouthillier, eds, Languages, Constitutionalism and Minorities
(Markham: LexisNexis Butterworths, 2006).
- Litigating Aboriginal Culture (Edmonton : Juriliber, 2005).
- Modern Constitutionalism: Identity, Equality and Democracy (Markham : LexisNexis Butterworths, 2004).


Name Tolga Yalkin Organization Adjunct Professor, University of Ottawa
Faculty of Common Law
Number 2

Biographical information
Tolga Yalkin has a Bachelor of Commerce in Business and Managerial Economics from the University of
Brisith Columbia. He has a LL.B from the University of Sydney and a BCL and MPhil in Law from Oxford

Professional information
Tolga currently is an adjunct professor at the University of Ottawa. He is also General Counsel and Director of
Policy at Canadas Parliamentary Budget Office and a member of the Policy Leaders Recruitment Program.
Prior to this, Tolga served as a Retained Lecturer in Constitutional Law at the University of Oxford, where he
taught British Constitutional Law. During his time at Oxford, he served as Sub-Dean at Wadham College,
Editor-in-Chief of the Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal, and President of Oxford Pro Bono
Publico. Previously, Tolga practiced law at Clayton Utz Lawyers in Sydney, Australia.

Subject matter expertise
Tolgas research interests are diverse, covering a wide range of legal and economic issues. He is particularly
active in the fields of constitutional, international, criminal, and immigration law. He has spoken at conferences
organized by the British Institute of International and Comparative Law and the World Bank. His publications
include articles in the European Journal of International Law, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human
Rights and Business, and the Journal of Political and Parliamentary Law.

- Yalkin and Baud, Ontarios New Financial Accountability Officer: An Evaluation (2014) 8 Journal of Parliamentary and Political Law 529
- Yalkin and Baud, Nonpartisanship of Agents of Parliament: Bill C-520s Redundant and Likely Unconstitutional Approach (2014) 23(3) Constitutional Forum
- Page and Yalkin, Canada: Oversight with Qualified Independence in George Kopits, ed, Restoring Public Debt Sustainability: the Role of Independent Fiscal
Institutions (Oxford University Press, 2013)
- Yalkin and Bloodworth Before the Ink is Dry: The Canadian Parliamentary Budget Officer (2012) 6 Journal of Political and Parliamentary Law 339
- Yalkin and Bloodworth,Cabinet Confidential: Limiting Freedom of Information (2012) 30 National Journal of Constitutional Law 86
- Daimsis and Yalkin, Is ICSID really good for the Canadian taxpayer? Law Times (November 25, 2013)
- Story and Yalkin, Federal Contaminated Sites Cost Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer, April 10, 2014
- Story and Yalkin, Expenditure Analysis of Criminal Justice in Canada Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer, March 20, 2013
- Barkel and Yalkin, Feasibility of Budget for Acquisition of Two Joint Support Ships Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer, February 27, 2013
- Yalkin and Weltman, An Estimate of the Fiscal Impact of Canadas Proposed Acquisition of the F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter Parliamentary Budget
Office, March 10, 2011


Name Daniel Mekonnen Organization Senior Legal Advisor/Research Professor,
International Law and Policy Institute
Number 3

Biographical information
Daniel R. Mekonnen obtained his primary legal education in Eritrea, where he served, among other things, as
Judge of the Zoba Maekel Provincial Court in Asmara. He had a LL.M in Human Rights from Stellenbosch
University and a LL.D in Public International Law from the University of the Free State.
Professional information
Daniel is currently a Senior Legal Advisor and Research Professor at the International Law and Policy Institute
(ILPI). He joined ILPI in August 2013 after working as a research fellow at the School of Law in Queens
University Belfast where he was involved in research examining the role of lawyers in conflict and transition.
Between 2010 and 2012, Daniel provided expert legal advice to Linklaters LLP, one of the worlds top ten law
firms, where he was instrumental in securing an international arbitral award of US$ 85.6 million in favour of
one of the firms clients. A former fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Germany and the Swiss
Institute of Comparative Law in Switzerland, Daniel has successfully completed four post-doctoral fellowships
at the Human Rights Centre of Gent University, the International Victimology Institute (INTERVICT) of
Tilburg University, the Irish Centre for Human Rights in Ireland, and the Felsberg Institute for Education and
Academic Research in Germany.
Subject matter expertise
Daniel has a cumulative work experience in diverse areas ranging from development cooperation to North-South
relations, nonviolent action, democratisation, peace & conflict studies, transitional justice and international
humanitarian law. He has taught courses on human rights and international law at universities around the world.
He has thus far produced more than 80 academic publications and research outputs disaggregated in the form of:
monographs/books, journal articles, chapters in edited volumes, conference papers, consultancies and expert
legal opinions. Focus Areas: (a) Human Rights (b) International Humanitarian Law (c) International Criminal
Law (d) Transitional Justice (e) Peace and Conflict Studies. Country Focus: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia,
South Africa
- Kjetil Tronvoll & Daniel Mekonnen, The African Garrison State: Human Rights and Political Development in Eritrea (James Currey, 2014).
- Daniel Mekonnen & Mussie Tesfagiorgis, eds, The Horn of Africa at the Brink of the Twenty-First Century: Coping with Fragmentation, Isolation and
Marginalization in a Globalizing Environment (Felsberg, Germany: FIBW, 2014).
- Transitional Justice: Framing a Model for Eritrea (Saarbrucken: VDM Publishing, 2009).
- Contested Versions of Collective Memory in Post-Independence Eritrea (2013) 3:2 African Conflict & Peacebuilding Rev 151.
- Simon M. Weldehaimanot & Daniel Mekonnen, Favourable Awards to Trans-Boundary Indigenous Peoples (2012) 16:1 Australian Indigenous Law Rev 60.
- Daniel Mekonnen & Mirjam van Reisen, Acknowledging International Social Responsibility: The Need for a Revised EU Strategy on Development Cooperation in
Eritrea (2010) European Parliamentary Hearings.
- Indigenous Legal Tradition as a Supplement to African Transitional Justice Initiatives (2010) 10:3 African J on Conflict Resolution 101.
- Daniel Mekonnen & JL Pretorius, Prosecuting the Main Perpetrators of International Crimes in Eritrea: Possibilities under International Law (2008) 33:2 J
Juridical Science 76.

Name Christina Murray Organization Professor, University of Cape Town Number 4

Biographical Information
Christina Murray was born in South Africa. She has a B.A. and LL.B from Stellenbosch University, South
Africa and a LL.M from Michigan.

Professional information
Christina is a professor of Constitutional and Human Rights Law at the University of Cape Town and is
currently the constitutional expert on the United Nations Mediation Standby Team. Previously, she has
worked on the constitutional support team of the Special Advisor to the Secretary General of the United Nations
on Yemen. In 2012, she was a member of the Constitution Commission of Fiji. Between February 2009 and
October 2010 she served as a member of the Kenyan Committee of Experts appointed by the Kenyan
Parliament to draft a new Constitution of Kenya. That Constitution became law in Kenya on August 27
, 2010.
Christinas first experience in constitution-making was serving on a panel of seven experts advising the South
African Constitutional Assembly in drafting South Africa's final Constitution between 1994 and 1996. Since
then she has advised a number of government departments in South Africa on the implementation of the new
system of multi-level government and worked with South Africas national Parliament and many of its nine
provincial legislatures. In addition to Yemen, Kenya and Fiji, her most recent constitutional work outside South
Africa has concerned Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Southern Sudan, Nepal, Zimbabwe and Pakistan.
Subject matter expertise
Christina is an expert on constitution making, constitutional design and implementing new constitutions.
She has taught and written on human rights law (and particularly issues relating to gender equality, violence
against women, constitutional rights for women and African customary law), international law, and
constitutional law (including systems of government, multilevel government, fiscal federalism and traditional
- Designing Systems of Multi-Level Government Two Recent Experiments with Cooperative Government (2012) 1 Anayasa Hukuku Dergisi/Constitutional Law
Rev 253.
- Christina Murray & Richard Simeon, Reforming Multilevel Government in South Africa (2009) 43 Canadian J African Stud 536.
- Christina Murray, Richard Simeon & Antoinette Handley, Learning to Lose, Learning to Win: Government and Opposition in South Africa in J Wong et al, eds,
Political Transitions in Dominant Party Systems: Learning to Lose (Routledge 2008).
- Christina Murray & Richard Simeon, Recognition Without Empowerment: Minorities in a Democratic South Africa (2007) Intl J Constitutional Law.
- Christina Murray & Catherine Maywald, Subnational Constitution-Making in Southern Sudan (2006) 37 Rutgers Law Journal 1203.
- South Africa in Cheryl Saunders & Katy le Roy, eds, Legislative, Executive and Judicial Governance in Federal Countries (McGill-Queens University Press,
- Christina Murray & Richard Simeon Quasi-Federalism in South Africa: Democracy, Good Governance, and the Management of Conflict in Bruce Berman,
Dickson Eyoh, & Will Kymlicka, eds, Ethnicity and Democratic Development in Africa (Oxford: James Currey, 2004).
- South Africans Troubled Royalty: Traditional Leaders after Democracy (2004) Law and Policy Paper 23.

Name Michael Woldemariam Organization Assistant Professor of International Relations
and Political Science, Boston University
Number 5

Biographical information
Michael Woldemariam is Eritrean. He has a BA from Beloit College and a MA and PhD from Princeton.

Professional information
Michael is currently an assistant professor of International Relations and Political Science at Boston University. He
has been a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, a Bradley fellow, and a research
specialist with the Innovations for Successful Societies program at Princeton University. His dissertation and book
project, titled Why Rebels Collide: Factionalism and Fragmentation in African Insurgencies investigates a common
feature of civil wars: the fragmentation of rebel organizations into mutually exclusive, competing groups. The project
is based on a comprehensive analysis of Ethiopias civil wars and original data on patterns of rebel fragmentation
across post-colonial Africa.

Subject matter expertise
Michaels teaching and research interests focus on African politics, particularly the behavior of rebel organizations
and self-determination movements, and post-conflict institution building. He focuses on the Horn of Africa, and has
conducted fieldwork in Ethiopia, Mozambique, Somaliland, South Africa, and India. He has specialized in
comparative Politics, international security, African politics, political violence and conflict, post-conflict governance
and institution building, development policy, and identity politics.

- Factionalism and Rebel Resiliency: The Horn of Africas Long Wars in Comparative Perspective
- Cohesive Stalemates and the Logic of Insurgent Solidarity: The Eritrean War for Independence in Historical Perspective (2012) Security Studies.
- The Bad News Over Badme: Why Ethiopia Wont Back Down on Eritrean Border (2012) African Arguments.
- Richard Bennet & Michael Woldemariam, Nurturing Democracy in East Africa: Somalilands First Elections 2002-2005 (2011) Innovations for Successful
Societies, Princeton University.
- The Bad News Over Badme: Why Ethiopia Wont Back Down on Eritrean Border (2012) African Arguments.
- The African Union in the Horn of Africa: Crisis Response, Security, and the Politics of Hegemony.


Name Jennifer Riggan Organization Assistant Professor, Department of Historical
and Political Studies, Arcadia University
Number 6

Biographical information
Jennifer Riggan earned a B.A. in English from Trinity College in 1992. She holds a Ph.D. from the Education,
Culture and Society program at the University of Pennsylvania, where she received training in political and
educational anthropology and African Studies.

Professional information
Jennifer began teaching at Arcadia University in 2007. She is Interim Associate Editor of Anthropology and
Education Quarterly and she serves as an expert witness for asylum cases. Before starting to teach in in 2007,
Jennifer held a variety of positions. She was an internal reviewer for Anthropology and Education Quarterly.
From 2009 to 2010, she worked at the University of Pennsylvania African Studies Centre where she conducted
an evaluation of the Fullbright-Hayes Group Project Abroad to Ethiopia. From 2007 to 2008, she worked at the
University of Pennsylvania South Asian Studies Centre where she conducted an evaluation of the Centres K-12
outreach and studied outreach best practises of other centres. From 2006 to 2007, she worked at the National
Centre on Adult Literacy and International Literacy Institute where she undertook learning connection web
design and evaluation. From 2006-2008 she undertook research for Research for Action. She served as a Peace
Corps volunteer from 1995 to 1997 in Eritrea.

Subject matter expertise
Jennifers ethnographic research addresses a variety of issues including nationalism, citizenship, state
formation, militarism, development, and education. She has published on the changing relationship between
citizenship and nationalism and on the de-coupling of the nation and the state. She is currently working on a
project entitled The Teacher State: Militarization and the Re-education of the Nation in Eritrea which explores
the role of teachers in state-making in the east African nation of Eritrea. This research has been funded by a
Fulbright research fellowship, a Social Science Research Council International Dissertation Field Research
Fellowship and a Spencer/National Academy of Education Postdoctoral Fellowship.
- Intimacy and Imprisonment: Teachers Transfers and the Reconstitution of the Eritrean Nation and State American Ethnologist (in preparation)
- In Between Citizens: Democracy, Nationalism and the State in Africa in Muna Ndolu & Manoudou Gazibo, eds, Democracy, Elections and Accountability in
Africa. (in preparation)
- Imagining Emigration: Debating National Duty in Eritrean Classrooms (2013) 60:2 Africa Today 85.
- In Between Nations: Ethiopian-Born Eritreans, Liminality and War (2011) 34:1 Political & Legal Anthropology Rev 131.
- Avoiding Wastage by Making Soldiers: Technologies of the State and the Imagination of the Educated Nation in David OKane & Tricia Redeker Hepner, eds,
Biopolitics, Militarism, and the - Developmental State: Eritrea in the 21st Century (Berghahn Books Dislocations Series, 2009).

Name Cedric Barnes Organization Project Director, Horn of Africa, International
Crisis Group
Number 7

Biographical information
Cedric holds a Doctorate in African History from University of Cambridge, and a Masters degree from the
School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London.

Professional information
Cedric joined the International Crisis Group in December 2012 as Horn of Africa Project Director, and oversees
research and advocacy activities in Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan, and South Sudan.
Previously, Cedric researched and taught at SOAS for five years. From 2007 until 2012 Cedric was Principal
Research Analyst for the Horn of Africa at the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office, with short-term
postings in Kenya, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Cedric is a Research Associate at SOAS, and Fellow of the Rift Valley

Subject matter expertise
Cedric has extensive experience working in the Horn of Africa. His academic research has focused on this
region and he is knowledgeable and well-informed of current events in the Horn.

- Building Peace Beyond the State: Politics, Governance and Security, in Ramsbotham and Zartman, eds, Paix sans frontiers: Building Peace Across Borders
(Conciliation Resources, 2011).
- The Ethiopia-British Somaliland border in Markus Hoehne & Dereje Feyissa, eds, Divided They Stand: The Affordances of State Borders in the Horn of Africa
(James Currey, 2010).
- Ethiopia: A Socio-political Assessment (2006) UNHCR.


Name Dan Connell Organization Visiting Scholar, Boston Universitys African
Studies Center
Number 8

Biographical information
Dan Connell was born in New Orleans. After earning a MA in English at the University at Buffalo in 1968, Dan
worked as a carpenter, art & music librarian, farm-hand, house painter, inner-city science teacher, alternative-
high-school administrator, book seller and copy writerexploring the social landscape and participating in a
range of organizing campaigns and political movements.

Professional information
Dan is a Visiting Scholar at Boston University's African Studies Center and a retired senior lecturer in
journalism and African politics at Simmons College. From 1998 to 2000, Dan worked with Eritreas
Ministry of Information to write a country handbook and train journalists in the public and private press.
However, when President Isaias Afwerki squelched debate over the conflict and the slow pace of
democratization by arresting former comrades and shutting down the independent press, Dan turned critic and
was ousted from the country. Afterward, he published "Enough! A critique of Eritrea's post-liberation
politics." Prior to this he travelled extensively in East Africa working as a journalist for the The Post, the New
York-based Guardian, the BBC, AP, Reuters and more than a dozen other print and broadcast media in
Europe and North America. Dan has founded and directed two NGOs. In 1983, he founded and directed the
Boston-based development agency Grassroots International, first to provide material aid to social movements
in Eritrea, Lebanon, and the Occupied Palestinian Territories, and later to work in South Africa and the
Philippines. Shortly after 9/11, Dan founded the Cape Ann Forum in Gloucester, Mass., which he chairs.
Subject matter expertise
His work focuses mainly on Eritrea, but it has ranged across Africa and the Middle East to Central America and
the Philippines. The cross-cutting themes are democracy, development and social justice and the indispensable
linkage among them. He has written numerous books and articles.
- Eritrean Refugees at Risk (2014) Foreign Policy in Focus &
- From Resistance to Governance: Eritreas Trouble with Transition (2011) Rev African Political Economy.
- Dan Connell & Tom Killion, Historical Dictionary of Eritrea (2010).
- Eritrea and the United States: The War on Terror and the Horn of Africa in Eritreas Foreign Relations: Understanding its Regional Role (2009).
- From Resistance to Governance: How the EPLF/PFDJ Experience Shapes Eritreas Regional Strategy in Eritreas Foreign Relations: Understanding its Regional
Role (2009).
- Conversations with Eritrean Political Prisoners (2004).
- Building a New Nation: 1984-2002 (2004).
- Eritrea: A Handbook (2002).
- Against All Odds: A Chronicle of the Eritrean Revolution (1993, 1997).


Name Amanda Poole Organization Professor, Department of Anthropology,
Indiana University of Pennsylvania
Number 9

Biographical information
Amanda Poole has a BA in English and in Comparative Cultures from Alfred University, NY, and a MA in
Environmental Anthropology from the University of Washington. She received her Ph.D. in Anthropology
from the University of Washington. Her dissertation, The Power of Place: Refugee Resettlement, Resource
Management, and State Making in Lowlands Eritrea is based on extensive fieldwork in Eritrea supported by
the Social Science Research Council and other fellowships.
Professional information
Amanda is currently a professor in the Department of Anthropology at the Indiana University of
Pennsylvania. She teaches courses on Africa, applied anthropology, ecological anthropology, and cultural
theory. She is also currently director of the Center for Northern Appalachian Studies. Amanda has worked in
both academic and applied settings, including serving as a consultant and field-researcher with NOAAs Alaska
Fisheries Science Center. Previously she was an instructor at the Jackson School of International Studies and
Department of Anthropology at the University of Washington. She was a visiting lecturer at the University of
Asmara in the Anthropology and Archaeology Department during the fall of 2004. From 1998 to 2000 she
was a teacher and teacher trainer for the Peace Corps in Namibia and prior to that she was a teacher for the
Peace Corps in Eritrea (1997-1998).
Subject matter expertise
Amanda is an environmental anthropologist with international and domestic research experience on community
based resource management. Amanda has regional expertise on Eritrea and the Horn of Africa. Her areas of
research include political ecology, ethnoecology, community-based resource management, rural and post-
conflict development, food sovereignty, forced migration and refugee studies, anthropology of the state,
cultural and environmental sustainability, and gender studies. Along with research findings, Amanda has
published on strategies to adapt traditional anthropology methods to meet the demands of applied, regional level
research. She has published in Human Organization, The Journal of Peasant Studies, Africa Today, The
Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, and in the edited volume Biopolitics, Militarism, and
Development: Eritrea in the 21st Century. Most recently, she has been researching the social dynamics around
hydraulic fracturing in northern Appalachia.
- I Could Go, But My Children Belong to the Government: Womens Experiences with Migration and the Gendered Nature of Citizenship in Eritrea J Eastern
African Studies. (In review).
- Negotiating Territoriality in Eritrean Refugee Resettlement: Agrarian History, Mobile Livelihoods, and State-Making in Allan C. Dawson, Laura Zanotti &
Ismael Vaccaro, eds, Negotiating Territoriality: Spatial Dialogues between State and Tradition ( NY: Routledge Press, 2014).
- Ransoms, Remittances, and Refugees: The Gatekeeper State in Eritrea (2013) Africa Today.
- Landscape and Memory in Peasant-State Relations in Eritrea (2009) 36:4 J Peasant Stud.
- The Youth Has Gone From Our Soil: Place and Politics in Refugee Resettlement in David OKane & Tricia Redeker-Hepner Biopolitics, eds, Militarism, and the
Developmental State: Eritrea in the 21st Century (NY: Berghahn Books, 2009).

Name George Anderson Organization Senior Mediation Expert, United Nations
Mediation Support Unit
Number 10

Biographical information
George Anderson has degrees in political science from Queen's University and Oxford University, and a
diploma from the cole nationale d'administration in Paris. He was a fellow at Harvard University's Center
for International Affairs in 1992 to 1993.

Professional information
From 2013 to 2014 George was a visiting fellow at the Centre for Constitutional Transitions at NYU Law.
He is a senior mediation expert with the United Nations Mediation Support Unit. George is Chair of the
Finance Committee and Vice-chair of the Board of Trustees of Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario, a
member of the advisory committee of the Mowat Centre at the University of Toronto, and a director of Ottawa

George was the president and CEO of the Forum of Federations from 2005 to 2011. He served for over
thirty years in Canada's federal public service, where his positions included Deputy Minister of Natural
Resources (2002-2005) and Deputy Minister for Intergovernmental Affairs in the Privy Council Office
(1996-2002). He held assistant deputy minister level positions in the departments of Energy, Mines and
Resources, Finance and External Affairs, as well as the Privy Council Office.

He received the award of excellence of the federal public service for his leadership in creating the Policy
Leaders Recruitment Program.

Subject matter expertise
George has expertise in federalism and natural resource management and has written articles and books on these

- George Anderson & Sujit Choudhry, Minority And Language Rights in Federal States (forthcoming).
- Oil & Gas in Federal Systems (Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2012).
- Internal Markets and Multi-level Governance (Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2012).
- Fiscal Federalism: An Introduction (Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2010).
- Federalism: An Introduction (Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2008).


Name Will Kymlicka Organization Canada Research Chair in Political
Philosophy, Queens University
Number 11

Biographical information
Will Kymlicka received his B.A. in philosophy and politics from Queen's University in 1984, and his D.Phil. in
philosophy from Oxford University in 1987.

Professional information
Will is currently the Canada Research Chair in Political Philosophy at Queen's University, and a visiting
professor in the Nationalism Studies program at the Central European University in Budapest. Will is also a
visiting Fellow at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute in Florence.
He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, of the Canadian Institute For Advanced Research, and a
Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy. From 2004-6, he was the President of the American Society for
Political and Legal Philosophy.

Subject matter expertise
Wills areas of expertise are issues of democracy and diversity, and in particular on models of citizenship and
social justice within multicultural societies. He has published eight books and over 200 articles. His works have
been translated into 33 languages.

- Misinterpreting Multiculturalism, in Michael Boss, ed, The Culture of Politics, Economics and Social Relations (Aarhus University Press) (forthcoming).
- Citizenship, Communities and Identity in Canada in James Bickerton & Alain-G. Gagnon, eds, Canadian Politics: Sixth Edition (University of Toronto Press,
- Will Kymlicka & Keith Banting, Is There Really a Retreat From Multiculturalism Policies? New Evidence from the Multiculturalism Policy Index (2013) 11:5
Comparative European Politics 577.
- Minority Rights are a Part of Human Rights, in Piotr Dutkiewicz & Richard Sakwa, eds, 22 Ideas to Fix the World: Conversations with the World's Foremost
Thinkers (New York University Press, 2013).
- Will Kymlicka & Bashir Bashir, The Politics of Reconciliation in Multicultural Societies (OUP, 2008).
- Multicultural Odysseys: Navigating the New International Politics of Diversity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).
- Politics in the Vernacular: Nationalism, Multiculturalism and Citizenship (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).


Name Sarah Ogbay Organization University of Manchester Language Centre Number 12

Biographical information
Sarah Ogbay left Eritrea on foot at night with her four children on January 4, 2012. She has a B.A in English
from the University of Asmara and a M.A. in Teaching English as a Foreign language (TEFL) from Addis
Ababa University, Ethiopia. She has a Ph.D in Applied Linguistics in Lancaster University, UK.

Professional information
Sarah currently freelances for the University of Manchester Language Centre. Previously, she was a professor
at the College of Arts and Social Science of Asmara University, Eritrea, for 26 years where she served as head
of the English Department.

Subject matter expertise
Sarahs research interests are language and gender and the construction of social identities. She has co-authored
book chapters and articles, namely: English and development in Eritrea for the British Council book Dreams
and Realities: Developing countries and the English language and The development of teacher education in
Eritrea and for the International Handbook on Teacher Education Worldwide: Issues and Challenges for the
Teaching Profession.

- White, Goodith, Hailemariam, Chefena & Ogbay, Sarah. Towards the Development of a Plurilingual Pedagogy: Making Use of Children's Informal Learning
Practices (2013) 47:3 TESOL Quarterly 638.


Name Jason Mosley Organization Research Associate, Oxford, African Studies
Number 13

Biographical information
Jason has a B.A. in History and Linguistics from the University of New Hampshire and a M.A. in African
Studies from SOAS.

Professional information
Jason has been a Research Associate at the African Studies Centre, University of Oxford, since 2012. He is
also an Associate Fellow of the Africa Programme at Chatham House, a senior advisor at the International Law
and Policy Institute and a Public Policy Fellow at the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies. Jason is also the
Managing Editor of the Journal of Eastern African Studies.

He serves on the board of Stakeholder Democracy Network, a non-profit working in the Niger Delta to bolster
the capacity of communities affected by resource extraction to push for their interests in negotiation with
governments and companies.

Previously, Jason was a lecturer for the Rift Valley Institutes Horn of Africa Field Course, a guest lecturer at
Durham University, a Senior Analyst for Oxford Analytica and an ESL Education Volunteer with the US Peace
Corps in Ethiopia.

Subject matter expertise
Jasons main geographical interests are in the greater Horn of Africa, the Great Lakes region and Nigeria. His
main areas of expertise are conflict and security and politics and business. Jason is interested in the politics of
ethnicity, and of religion, particularly of Islam, in these and other areas. His current research is focused on the
impact of multilateral regional organisations on stability in the Horn of Africa, and on linkages between state-
building, foreign investment and security in peripheral regions in East Africa and the Horn.

- Eritrea and Ethiopia: Beyond the Impasse (2014) Chatham House.
- Why Eritrea is not the North Korea of Africa, and What We Should be Noticing Instead (2013) Think Africa Press.
- Ethiopia and Eritrea: Rising Tensions Amid New Opportunities for Engagement (2012) Chatham House.
- Translating Famine Early Warning into Early Action: An East Africa Case Study Programme Paper (2012).
- Alex Vines & Jason Mosley The EU Strategic Framework for the Horn of Africa: A Critical Assessment of Impact and Opportunities (2012) Report for the
European Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs.
- Peace, Bread and Land: Agricultural Investments in Ethiopia and the Sudans (2012) Chatham House Briefing Paper.


Name John Campbell Organization Senior Lecturer, Department of Anthropology,
Number 14

Biographical information
John Campbell has a B.Sc from Oregon, a MA from New York and a D.Phil from Sussex. Research for his
doctorate was conducted in the town of Koforidua, Ghana in the mid-1970s on aspects of the political economy
of urban development

Professional information
John is currently a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Anthropology at SOAS. He has been working there
since 2001 and was Head of Department from 2010-2012.

Between 2007 to 2009 John was away from SOAS undertaking research funded by an Economic and Social
Research Council Grant entitled Refugees and the Law: An Ethnography of the British Asylum System. This
research followed refugees from Eritrea and Ethiopia who were seeking asylum in the UK. In April 2009, John
convened a conference at SOAS to present the findings of the research and to examine how European states and
the USA handle and assess asylum applications.

In 1991, John joined the University of Wales, Swansea as a lecturer in social anthropology where he taught and
became increasingly engaged in development consultancy as a social development adviser. Some of the issues
he was involved with included: participation in the World Bank Poverty Mission to Kenya (1994); undertaking a
study of the NGO sector in Ethiopia (1996); involvement with several UK-DfID funded projects based in the
Ministry of Agriculture in Gaborone, Botswana (1996-98); a review of Kenyan civil society (1998); evaluation
of an NGO project in coastal Kenya (1999); and reviewing UK-DfID funding to Kenyan-based NGOs (1999).

Previously, John taught in the Department of Anthropology at The Queens University of Belfast, Northern
Ireland and at the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. He also worked for Oxfam-UK in Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia (1987-88) where he was responsible for setting up a five-year slum-upgrading project that attempted to
address issues of inadequate shelter, water, employment and sewage problems.
Subject matter expertise
Johns research has largely focused on the Horn of Africa. He is currently focused on development and refugees.
- Nationalism, Law and Statelessness: Grand Illusions in the Horn of Africa (Oxford: Routledge, 2013).
- The Enduring Nature of Stateless in The Horn of Africa: How Nation-States and Western Courts (re) define Nationality (2011) 23:4 Intl J Refugee Law 656.
- Caught between the ideology and realities of development: Transiting from the Horn of Africa to Europe (2009) LSE Migration Study Group Working Paper 2009/01.
- Corruption and the one-party state in Tanzania: A view from Dar es Salaam, 1964-2000 in West, H & Raman, P, eds, Enduring Socialism (Cornell University Press, 2006).
- 'Defining the Limits of a Discourse. Social Capital in Africa Moseley, P. & Dowler, E., eds, Poverty and Exclusion in North and South. Essays on Social Policy and Global
Poverty Reduction (London: Routledge, 2003).

Name Awet Weldemichael Organization Professor at Queens University, Department
of History
Number 15

Biographical information
Born in Eritrea, Awet Weldemichael and his family were displaced by the Ethiopian Eritrean War and forced to
live for a time in Sudanese refugee camps before returning to Eritrea where Dr. Weldemichael completed his
high school studies. After obtaining a BA in History after studying at Addis Ababa and Asmara Universities, he
entered the MA program at the University of CaliforniaLos Angeles and later also received his Ph.D from

Professional information
Awet is currently a professor in the Department of History at Queens University. Previously, Awet was an
assistant professor in the University of Kentuckys History Department. He has also taught at UCLA and Trinity
College and spent three years of teaching and research in Europe at the Universities of Bologna, Hamburg and
Paris. He has also served as a consultant for various NGOs, as an election officer in Sudan, and as a consultant
for the World Bank.

Subject matter expertise
Awets areas of interest include contemporary Northeast and East Africa and island Southeast Asia;
imperialism; colonialism; decolonization; revolutions and nationalist movements; peace, conflict and security
research. His work on third world colonialism and liberation movements, Somalian piracy, and global terrorism
has attracted great interest.

His current research projects include Northeast African political economy of conflict with a focus on Somalia,
and maritime security in the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
- African Diplomacy of Liberation: the Case of Eritreas Search for an African India Cahiers d'tudes africaines (forthcoming)
- Third World Colonialism and Strategies of Liberation: Eritrea and East Timor Compared (Cambridge University Press, 2013)
- Threats, Prospects and Trends in Eritrean-Yemeni Waters (2011) Strategic Insights: Global Maritime Security Analysis, No. 34.
- Grand Strategies of Liberation in Eritrea and East Timor (2010) Africa: the Italian Journal of African and Oriental Studies, LXV, 1-2, 40.
- The Eritrean Long March: The Strategic Withdrawal of the Eritrean Peoples Liberation Front (EPLF), 19781979 (2009) 73:4 J Military History 1231.


Name Roy Pateman Organization Retired Professor, UCLA Number 16

Biographical information
Roy Pateman has a B.Sc. from Nottingham University, a Postgraduate Certificate in Education from London
University and an M.Phil from Reading University.

Professional information
Roy is a retired professor having previously worked at the University of California Los Angeles. He has taught
courses on international relations, comparative politics and African studies in Europe, Australasia, and the
United States at Princeton University.

In addition to his lecturer positions, Roy has worked for the British Army, as a senior economist for the National
Farmers Union in London, a research officer as the Bank of New South Wales in Sydney and as a senior
research officer for the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Subject matter expertise
Roy is an expert on African politics and law, governance and international relations with a particular focus on
Eritrea. He has written a number of articles on the Horn of Africa, agricultural economics, and intelligence.

- Blood, Land and Sex Legal and Political Pluralism in Eritrea (Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2003).
- The Legacy of Eritrea's National Question. (1996) 33:6 Society.
- Eritrea: W(h)ither the Jihad? (1995) 3:4 Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management.
- Eritrea takes the world stage (1994) 93:583 Current History 228.
- Eritrea and Ethiopia: Strategies for Reconciliation in the Horn of Africa (1991) 38:2 Africa Today.
- The Eritrean War (Ethiopian-Eritrean Conflict, 1961-) (1990) 17:1 Armed Forces & Society: An Interdisciplinary Journal 82.


Name Warren Creates Organization Perley-Robertson, Hill & McDougall Number 17

Biographical information
Warren Creates was born and raised in Montreal. He obtained his law degree from the University of Windsor
and was called to the Ontario Bar in 1986. He was certified by the Law Society of Upper Canada as a Specialist
in Citizenship and Immigration Law (Immigration + Refugee Protection) in 2006 and has maintained this
designation ever since.

Professional information
Warren is head of the Immigration Law Group at Perley-Robertson, Hill & McDougall. He is a business
immigration lawyer who represents individuals, families and corporations in all aspects of immigration and
emigration. His specialities include Canadian and American immigration laws, including NAFTA.
He is a member of the Canadian Immigration Historical Society, the American Chamber of Commerce in
Canada, Amnesty International, the Canadian Bar Association and the Ontario Bar Association.

In 2008, Warren helped found Can-Go Afar, a charitable organization dedicated to helping the Afar people. He
continues to act as President of the Foundation and legal counsel (pro bono) to the Afar people.

He was previously a legal advisor to the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada.

Subject matter expertise
As an industry leader, Warren is highly regarded as a writer and educator in immigration law. He is frequently
sought by the media in regard to his expertise. He has numerous publications to his credit including contributing
author to one of the most significant casebooks of its kind, Immigration and Refugee Law: Cases, Materials and
Commentary (Carasco et al, 2007).

- Judicial Review Guide (2012).
- From Permanent Resident to Canadian Citizen: A State of Perplexity (2012).


Name John Packer Organization Director HHREC, University of Ottawa Number 18

Biographical information
John Packer has a B.A. from the University of Manitoba and a LL.M from the University of Essex.

Professional information
John has recently taken up responsibilities as an Associate Professor of Law and Director of the Human Rights
Research and Education Centre (HRREC) at the University of Ottawa. John previously held academic positions
at the University of Essex where he was the Director of the world-renowned Human Rights Centre and at The
Fletcher School, Tufts University. He has held Fellowships at Cambridge and Harvard Universities and lectured
at universities and professional institutions around the world.
He also serves on the boards of a number of NGOs and is a Member of the Expert Advisory Panel for the Shared
Societies Project of the Club de Madrid comprising almost 100 former Heads of State or Government of
democracies. John is also an experienced practitioner with some 20 years working for inter-governmental
organizations, including in Geneva for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the International Labour
Organisation, and for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights investigating serious human rights
violations in Iraq, Afghanistan, Burma/Myanmar, extrajudicial executions, arbitrary detention, forced
disappearances, the use of forensic sciences, the use of civil defense forces, and the independence of judges and
lawyers throughout the world. From 1995 to 2004, he was Senior Legal Adviser and then the first Director of
the Office of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities in The Hague working across Central and
Eastern Europe and throughout the former Soviet Union. For the last two years, Prof. Packer was a Constitutions
and Process Design Expert on the United Nations Standby Team of Mediation Experts attached to the
Department of Political Affairs, advising in numerous peace processes and political transitions around the world.

Subject matter expertise
John is an expert in international human rights law specializing in peace and security, conflict prevention and
resolution, diversity management, and the protection of human rights including minorities. He has been widely
published and contributes to the editing of a number of scholarly journals.

- Towards a consistent approach in the management of linguistic diversity: Reflections from practice (2006) 31:2 Supreme Court Law Rev 45.
- John Packer & Sally Holt, Article 9 M Weller, ed, The rights of minorities. A commentary on the European Framework Convention for the Protection of National
Minorities (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).
- John Packer & Sally Holt, The Use of Minority Languages in the Broadcast Media (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2005).
- John Packer, The practitioners perspective: Minority languages and linguistic minorities in the work of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities in
G. Hogan-Brun & S. Wolff, eds, Minority Languages in Europe: Status - Frameworks Prospects (London: Palgrave, 2004).
- John Packer & Guillaume Siemienski, The Language of Equity: The origin and development of the Oslo recommendations regarding the linguistic rights of
national minorities (1999) 6:3 Intl J on Minority and Group Rights 329.
- John Packer, Editors Note, Special issue of International Journal on Minority and Group Rights (1999).

Name Sbastien Grammond Organization Full Professor, University of Ottawa Faculty
of Civil Law
Number 19

Biographical information
Sbastien Grammond holds a LL.B. and a LL.M. from the Universit de Montral, as well as a Masters in Legal
Research and a D.Phil. from the University of Oxford. He is a member of both the Quebec and Ontario bars.

Professional information
Sbastien is a full professor at the University of Ottawa in the Faculty of Civil Law. He was Vice-Dean of
Research from 2005 to 2008, Acting Dean of the faculty from 2008 to 2009 and Dean from 2009 to 2014.

Sbastien began his career as a law clerk to Chief Justice Antonio Lamer of the Supreme Court of Canada. He
practised law for several years at the Dentons and also at Fraser Milner Casgrain LLP, both in Montreal, in the
fields of native law, constitutional and administrative law, business law and construction law. He has frequently
argued cases before the Quebec Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Canada, especially in the Securities
Reference, the Senate Reform Reference and the Supreme Court Act Reference, as well as before commercial
arbitration panels hearing complex cases.

Sbastien also frequently appears in the media, commenting upon subjects with a legal dimension. He received
the Presidents Award for Service to the University through Media and Community Relations (2006).

Subject matter expertise
Sbastiens research focuses on minority and indigenous peoples rights, in particular on the relationship between
law and indigenous identity. He is an expert on the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, aboriginal legal
issues, administrative law, bilingualism, constitutional law, federalism and human rights. In matters of private
law, his interests pertain to the interpretation of contracts and contractual justice. Sbastiens latest book,
Amnager la coexistence: les peuples autochtones et le droit canadien (2003), was awarded the prize of the
Quebec Bar Foundation for the best law treatise written in Quebec in 2002 to 2003.

- Terms of coexistence : indigenous peoples and Canadian law (Toronto, Ontario: Carswell, 2013).
- Should Supreme Court judges be required to be bilingual? (2011) Kingston, Ont: Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, Queen's University.
- Identity captured by law membership in Canadas indigenous peoples and linguistic minorities (McGill-Queen's University Press, 2009).
- Laccord Nisgaa et lentente ae les nns ers ne nelle gnratin de traits Sainte-Foy, Gubec : Presses de l'Universit Laval, 2005, Droit, territoire
et gouvernance des peuples autochtones Droit, territoire et gouvernance des peuples autochtones / sous la dir. de Ghislain Otis.
- mnager la eistene les peples atchtones et le droit canadien (Bruxelles : Bruylant Cowansville, Qubec: ditions Y. Blais, 2003).
- Les traits entre ltat anadien et les peples athtnes (Cowansville, Qubec: ditions Y. Blais, 1994).
- Aboriginal peoples and the law (Montreal: McGill University, 1997).


Name David OKane Organization Senior Research Fellow, Max Planck Institute
for Social Anthropology
Number 20

Biographical information
David OKane has a B.A. from the National University of Ireland and a M.A. and Ph.D. from Queens
University Belfast.

Professional information
David is currently a senior research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology. Previously, he
was an honorary research fellow in the School of History and Anthropology at Queens University Belfast.
David has held lecturing positions at academic institutions around the world including at the University of
Auckland, Griffith College Dublin, the University of Birmingham, Smolny College for Liberal Arts and
Sciences in St. Petersburg and the University of Asmara.

David is a member of the Anthropological Association of Ireland.

Subject matter expertise
David has expertise in education policy, the post-conflict reconstruction of societies, West African studies,
violence in African societies, history and anthropology, Eritrean kinship and villages, war and land reform.

- David OKane & Tricia Redeker Hepner, Biopolitics, Militarism and Development: Eritrea in the Twenty-First Century (Berghahn Books , 2009).
- War in a Globalising Africa: Space, Place and the Eritrea-Ethiopia war of 1998-2000 in Aoileann Ni Eigeartaigh & David Getty, eds, Borders and
Borderlands in Contemporary Culture (Cambridge University Press, 2008).
- Power and Anthropology in the Twenty-First Century: Comments on Katherine Verderys Bringing the Anthropologists (Back) In (2006) Ab
Imperio issue 1/2006.
- Terre domeniale in 4 vol Encyclopaedia Aethiopica.
- Village Community, Nation-State and the Eritrean Land Reform (2004) Bascna.


Name Simon Weldehaimanot Organization Attorney at Law Office of Simon
Number 21

Biographical information
Simon Weldehaimanot has a LL.B from the University of Asmara, a LLM in human rights and democratization
in Africa from the University of Pretoria and a Ph.D in law in international human rights law at the Notre Dame
Law School.

Professional information
Simon has his own law practise, the Law Office of Simon Weldehaimanot, which focuses on immigration and
civil rights law. He is also an associate of the Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences at the University of

Previously, Simon was a civics instructor at the International Rescue Committee, adjunct Faculty at the
Womens College of the University of Denver and a teaching assistant at the Notre Dame Law School. Simon
has also been a visiting professional at the International Criminal Court, a legal fellow at the International
Centre for Transitional Justice, a legal officer at the Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa, a
researcher at the Centre for Human Rights at the University of Pretoria and a legal advisor to a governmental
department in Eritrea.
Subject matter expertise
Simons research focuses on human rights (focusing on refugees, minorities, peoples and indigenous peoples)
and democratization, human rights monitoring institutions and their working mechanisms. He has expertise in
Eritrean law, constitutional law, human rights and the rights of indigenous peoples. Simon has authored more
than twenty papers and has also contributed chapters to edited volumes.
- Eritrea: Prepare for Transition, (2014) KDP.
- Constitution-Making in Eritrea in Morris Kiwinda Mbondenyi & Tom Ojienda, eds, Constitutionalism and Democratic Governance in Africa: Contemporary
Perspectives from Sub-Saharan Africa (Pretoria University Law Press, 2013).
- African Law of Coups and the Situation in Eritrea: A Test for the African Unions Commitment to Democracy (2012) J African Law.
- Eritreas Diaspora in Regional Peace and Human Rights (2012) East African J Peace & Human Rights.
- Daniel Mekonnen & Simon Weldehaimanot, Favorable Awards for Trans-boundary Indigenous Peoples (2012) Australian Indigenous Law Rev.
- The Undermined Law Society and Legal Profession in Eritrea (2012) Intl J Civil Society Law.
- Simon Weldehaimanot & Emily Taylor, Our Struggle and its Goals - A Controversial Eritrean Manifesto (2011) Rev African Political Economy.
- The Right to Leave and its Ramifications in Eritrea (2011) East African J Peace & Human Rights.
- Simon Weldehaimanot & Semere Kesete. Rubbishing: A Wrong Approach to Eritrea/Ethiopia Union Review of African Political Economy.
- The Constitutional and Legislative Protection of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Eritrea , ACHPR, CHR & ILO, 2009.
- Daniel Mekonnen and Simon Weldehaimanot. The Nebulous Lawmaking Process in Eritrea (2009) J African Law.
- The Status and Fate of the Eritrean Constitution (2008) African Human Rights Law Journal.


Name John McNee Organization Secretary General, Global Centre for
Number 22

Biographical information
John McNee has a Bachelor of Arts in History from York University and a Master of Arts in History from
Cambridge University in 1975.

Professional information
John is a Canadian career diplomat. Currently, he is the Secretary General for the Global Centre for Pluralism.
Previously, John served as Canada's Ambassador to the United Nations from 2006 to July 2011.

He joined the Department of External Affairs in 1978 and has served in Spain, the United Kingdom and Israel.
In the 1980s, he was on Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's Task Force on International Peace and Security and
also served in the Privy Council Office. From 1993 to 1997, he was Canadian Ambassador to Syria and
concurrently served as envoy to Lebanon until 1995. Returning to Ottawa he served in the Policy Development
Secretariat of the Department of Foreign Affairs and as Director General, Middle East, North Africa and Gulf
States Bureau. From 2004 until 2006, John was Canadas Ambassador to Belgium and Luxembourg.

Subject matter expertise
John is an expert in international relations and diplomacy. He has expertise in international peace and security,
Middle East affairs, the practices and policies of pluralist societies, United Nations Policy and European


Name Chidi Oguamanam Organization Associate Professor, University of Ottawa
Faculty of Common Law
Number 23

Biographical information
Chidi Oguamanam has a LL.B from the Obafemi Awolowo University, a BL and LL.M from the University of
Lagos and a LL.M and Ph.D from the University of British Columbia.
Professional information
Chidi is an associate professor of the Faculty of Common law at the University of Ottawa and he is affiliated
with the Centre for Law, Technology and Society. He teaches contract law, intellectual property and human
rights, agricultural knowledge systems, biodiversity and food security. Chidi began his academic career as a
fellow of Canada Institutes of Health Research Program in Health Law and Ethics of Health Research at
Dalhousie University in 2003. In 2004, he joined Dalhousie Law School (now Schulich School of Law) and was
director of the Law and Technology Institute. In 2008, he became an adjunct professor at the Case Western
Reserve Law School, Cleveland, Ohio. Before his academic career, Chidi practised intellectual property and
corporate law. Chidi is called to the Bar in Nigeria and Canada and is a member of Nigerian Bar Association
and Nova Scotias Barristers Society.
Subject matter expertise
Chidi has diverse interdisciplinary research interests in the areas of global knowledge governance in general,
especially as manifested in the dynamics of intellectual property and technology law with emphasis on
biodiversity, biotechnology, including agricultural biotechnology. He identifies the policy and practical contexts
for the exploration of the intersections of knowledge systems, particularly western science and the traditional
knowledge of indigenous and local communities within the broader development discourse and paradigm. He is
interested in the global institutional and regime dynamics for negotiating access and distributional challenges in
regard to the optimization of benefits of innovation by stakeholders. He has written and published several
articles on international intellectual property law-making, biotechnology in the context of health and agriculture,
indigenous peoples, indigenous knowledge, farmers rights, access and benefits sharing over genetic resources,
environmental law and biodiversity conservation, the policy and legal intersections of traditional and hi-tech
agricultural practices, documentation and digitization of local knowledge systems, globalization, complementary
and alternative medicine (CAM), medical ethics, nutrition, public health law and policy, and colonialism.
- Intellectual Property in Global Governance: A Development Question (Routledge 2011).
- Documentation and Digitization of Traditional Knowledge and Intangible Cultural Heritage: Challenges and Prospects in Toshiyuki Kono, ed, Intangible Cultural
Heritage and Intellectual Property: Communities, Cultural Diversity and Sustainable Development (Antwerp: Intersentia, 2009).
- Local Knowledge as Trapped Knowledge: Intellectual Property, Culture, Power and Politics (2008) 11 Journal of World Intellectual Property 29.
- Agro-Biodiversity and Food Security: Biotechnology and Traditional Agricultural Practices at the Periphery of International Intellectual Property Regime
Complex (2007) Michigan Sate Law Rev 215.
- Tension on the Farm Fields: The Death of Traditional Agriculture? (2007) 27: 4 Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society 260.
- International Law and Indigenous Knowledge: Intellectual Property, Plant Biodiversity, and Traditional Medicine (University of Toronto Press in 2006)
- Indigenous Peoples and International Law: The Making of a Regime (2004) 30:1 Queens Law Journal 348.

Name Carissima Mathen Organization Associate Professor, University of Ottawa
Faculty of Common Law
Number 24

Biographical information
Carissima Mathen has a B.A. in Philosophy and Political Science from McGill, a LL.B from Osgoode Hall Law
School and a LL.M from Columbia.

Professional information
Carissima is an associate professor of Law at the University of Ottawa. Previously, she was an associate
professor of law at the University of New Brunswick. She has also held positions with the Womens Legal
Education and Action Fund (LEAF) including staff lawyer from 1994 to 1998 and director of litigation from 198
to 2001 and in 2008. Carissima pioneered the practice of live-tweeting from the Supreme Court of Canada.

Subject matter expertise
Carissima is an expert in the Constitution of Canada, criminal law and U.S. Constitutional Law. She has a
special interest in the Supreme Court of Canada, judicial review, the separation of powers, criminal justice,
feminist legal theory, public interest advocacy, the philosophy of law and the relationship between law and
social media. She also She publishes and lectures frequently in these areas.

- Carissiam Mathen & Kim Brooks, Women, Law and Equality: A Discussion Guide (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2010).
- Access to Charter Justice and the Rule of Law (2008) 25 National Journal of Constitutional Law 191.
- Carissima Mathen & Jane Bailey, Constitutional Advancement of Womens E-Quality: Responding to Challenges and Seizing Opportunities (2005) 30 Queens
Law Journal 660.
- Carissima Mathen & Michael Plaxton, Developments in Constitutional Law The 2010 - 2011 Term (2011) 55 The Supreme Court Law Review (2d) 47 161.
- Reflecting Culture: Polygamy and the Charter, (2012) 57 The Supreme Court Law Review (2d).
- Transgendered Persons and Feminist Strategy (2004) 16 Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 291.
- What Religious Freedom Jurisprudence Reveals About Equality (2009) 6:2 Journal of Law and Equality 163.


Name Paulos Tesfagiorgis Organization Former Senior Advisor at International IDEA Number 25

Biographical information
Paulos Tesfagiorgis has a LL.M from McGill University.

Professional information
Paulos is an Eritrean human rights activist. Until recently (July 2014) he was a Senior Advisor, Democracy and
Constitution Building, at International IDEA (Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, an inter-
governmental agency based in Stockholm, Sweden), operating from Pretoria, South Africa. He has extensive
teaching experience in law at the University of Asmara, Eritrea, and was intimately involved in the drafting of
the Eritrean constitution as a member of the Executive Committee of the Constitution Commission of Eritrea.
Paulos was also involved in the Iraqi constitution making process in Baghdad as a Senior Legal Officer with the
UN as well as in the recent South Sudan Constitution making process. He has a long working with the African
Union Commission on issues of constitutionalism and democracy across the African Continent.

He established the only Peoples Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) licensed Regional Centre for Human
Rights and Development in Eritrea and was a co-founder and subsequently head of the Eritrean Relief
Association during the Eritrean independence war. Paulos is a board member of Justice Africa. Paulos was
awarded the Rafto Prize in 2003 for his human rights work.

Subject matter expertise
Paulos is an expert on Eritrean affairs, human rights, democracy and constitution making. In addition, he has
wide experience in the field of human rights, humanitarian law, relief and rehabilitation.

- Paulos Tesfagiorgis, Africa: Constitution-Building vs Coup-Making Open Democracy.
- Paulos Tesfagiorgis, Democratic Elbow Room: No Development Strategy in the Horn can Work Unless it Expands Peoples Basic Rights (1992) 238 New
Internationalist 2.


Name Aubrey Morantz Organization Former Canadian Diplomat Number 26

Biographical information

Professional information
Aubrey is a Canadian diplomat. He was High Commissioner to Malawi, Ambassador Extraordinary and
Plenipotentiary to Ethiopia and Djibouti, then High Commissioner to Ghana, Ambassador Extraordinary and
Plenipotentiary to Liberia, Togo and Benin, then High Commissioner to Zambia. He has also held positions with
the Canadian International Development Agency and the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade.
He has been chair of the African Study Group and a member of the Canadian International Council.
Subject matter expertise
Aubrey is an expert on international relations, inter-governmental affairs and diplomacy.


Name Monte McMurchy Organization UNDP Expert Roster Number 27

Biographical information
Monte McMurchy has a B.A. in philosophy, history and political science from Queens University. He studied
law at the University of Cambridge, the University of Toronto and York University.

Professional Information
Monte is currently a member of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) expert roster for
Parliamentary Development and for Crisis Prevention and Recovery. He is also a member of the UNDP
Democratic Governance Roster for Electoral Systems.

Monte has 20 years of international experience in civic electoral building and civil capacity good governance
development, strength in electoral, regulatory and statutory interpretation. His international assignments have
included civic electoral service with the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the United
Nations, the Commonwealth, Council of Europe, the United States Agency for International Development, the
Canadian International Development Agency and the Government of Ontario. He has held posts around the
world including Namibia, Kosovo, Zimbabwe, Ukraine, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Kenya, the Democratic Republic
of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Nigeria, South Africa, Togo, Macedonia, Serbia,
Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Subject Matter Expertise
Monte is an expert in civil electoral and good governance development, electoral dispute resolution and public
administration and international project management and development. He has significant experience working
with failed states.

- Corruption, Elections and Democracy (2012).
- Electoral Legitimacy: Why it matters (2012).
- Foreign Aid: The Politics, Accountability, Democracy & Reform (2012).
- Syria: The Responsibility to Protect (2012).