CO2 Emissions by Diet

chicken
milk
eggs
beef (grain fed)
pork
lamb
fish (avg value)
animal total

avg american
vegan
lacto-ovo
mad meat eater
tonnes CO2
% of
tonnes CO2
% of
tonnes CO2
% of
tonnes CO2
/yr
calories
/yr
calories
/yr
calories
/yr
0.12
5.2%
0.12
0.44
11.4%
0.92
23.6%
0.19
0.06
1.4%
0.17
4.2%
0.61
3.2%
3.81
0.70
5.6%
2.49
0.06
0.2%
0.06
0.8%
2.05
27.7%
0.00
0.0%
1.08
27.7%
6.60

veg (avg value)

0.14

72.3%

0.19

100%

0.14

72.3%

0.10

total

2.19

100%

0.19

100%

1.22

100%

6.70

Assumptions
3,774 Kcal a day

1,377,510 Kcal a year

CO2 Emissions by Food Type
Kcal protein
gr CO2
gr CO2
gr CO2
Kcal FF
/Kcal food
Kcal FF
(FF)
(methane)
(total)
tonnes CO2
/Kcal protein (% protein) /Kcal food
/Kcal food /Kcal food
/Kcal food /Kcal food
chicken
15.9
34.5%
5.52
1.53
0.14
1.67 0.0000017
milk
18.9
25.6%
4.85
1.35
1.47
2.82 0.0000028
eggs
27.8
32.3%
8.93
2.48
0.45
2.93 0.0000029
beef (grain fed)
34.5
43.5%
15.63
4.34
9.48
13.82 0.0000138
pork
66.7
40.0%
27.03
7.51
1.52
9.03 0.0000090
lamb
200.0
43.5%
83.33
23.15
2.82
25.97 0.0000260
fish (avg value)
herring
tuna
salmon (farmed)
shrimp

2.0
20.0
40.0
142.9

45.5%
83.3%
43.5%
76.9%

veg (avg value)
corn
soy
apple
potatoes
FF = Fossil Fuels
Assumptions + Conversions
3.97 btu/kcal

21.74
0.91
17.24
17.54
111.11

6.04
0.25
4.79
4.87
30.86

6.04
0.25
4.79
4.87
30.86

0.0000060
0.0000003
0.0000048
0.0000049
0.0000309

0.50
0.40
0.24
0.91
0.81

0.14
0.11
0.07
0.25
0.23

0.14
0.11
0.07
0.25
0.23

0.0000001
0.0000001
0.0000001
0.0000003
0.0000002

gr CO2 = grams CO2 equivalence

1000000 gr/ton

0 ton co2/btu ff
0 ton co2/kcal ff

0.28 gr co2/kcal ff

Table 2 from Report (underlying values from Pimentel)
100 x
100 x
Kcal protein Kcal protein Kcal output
/Kcal input
/Kcal total
/Kcal input
chicken
6.3
2.9
18.1
milk
5.3
3.9
20.6
eggs
3.6
3.1
11.2
beef (grain fed)
2.9
2.3
6.4
pork
1.5
2.5
3.7
lamb
0.5
2.3
1.2
fish (avg)
4.6 (table 3)
herring
50
2.2
110
tuna
5
1.2
5.8
salmon (farmed)
2.5
2.3
5.7
shrimp
0.7
1.3
0.9
veg (avg)
200 (figure 3)
corn
250
soy
415
apple
110
potatoes
123

http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/downloads/emissionsfactorsbrochure2004.pdf
lbs co2
tons co2
/mmBtu
/mmBtu
natural gas
116.39
0.0528
0 lbs to tonnes
fuel oil
159.66
0.0724
motor gasoline
154.91
0.0703
diesel
160.3
0.0727
bituminous coal
203.99
0.0925
http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/ind_assumptions.html
National average emissions factor for electricity is 1.37 pounds CO2 per kilowatt-hour

mad meat eater
avg american on diet
chicken lover
% of
tonnes CO2
% of
tonnes CO2
% of
calories
/yr
calories
/yr
calories
5.0%
0.080
5.2%
0.64
0.28
5.0%
0.291
11.4%
0.037
1.4%
20.0%
0.402
3.2%
20.0%
0.462
5.6%
0.038
0.2%
0.042
0.8%
50.0%
1.35
27.7%
0.64
27.7%
50.0%

0.091

72.3%

0.14

72.3%

100%

1.44

100%

0.78

100%

kg CO2
lbs CO2
(total)
(total)
/100 Kcal
/100 Kcal
food
food
0.167
0.368
0.282
0.620
0.293
0.645
1.382
3.040
0.903
1.986
2.597
5.713
0.604
0.025
0.479
0.487
3.086

1.329
0.056
1.054
1.072
6.790

0.014
0.011
0.007
0.025
0.023

0.031
0.024
0.015
0.056
0.050

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