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You are on page 1of 16

Prepared by:

GIL S. BELTRAN

Civil Engineer

PRC Reg. No. : 64544

PTR No. : 8642641

Date Issued : 1/9/2009

Place Issued : Dasmarias, Cavite

TIN : 157-467-966

PROPOSED TWO-STOREY RESIDENTIAL HOUSE

PHASE 7-A BLOCK 17 LOT 04 ORCHARD & RESIDENTIAL ESTATE, SALITRAN, DASMARIAS, CAVITE

STRUCTURAL COMPUTATION

OF

PROPOSED TWO-STOREY RESIDENTIAL HOUSE

Page 1 of 16

DESIGN OF SLABS

A. DESIGN OF TWO-WAY SLAB (S-1)

Direct Design Method

Design Specifications

L

1

= 2.30 m column size = 0.20m x 0.40m a1 = 1

L

2

= 3.35 m beam size = 0.20m x 0.35m a2 = 1.25

Fy = 275 Mpa f'c = 20.7 Mpa cc = 25

Considering the interior slab

1 Relative a values

a1 x L

2

/L

1

= 1.46 am = 2x(a1 + a2)/4 = 1.16

a2 x L

1

/L

2

= 0.86

2 Slab thickness, t

t = Ln (800 + 0.73Fy) = 78.05 mm

36,000 + 5000b [am - 0.12(1 + 1/b)]

where: Ln = L

2

- column width = 3.35 m

Ln = L

1

- column width = 2.30 m

b = (Ln long/Ln short) direction clear span ratio = 1.46

It should not be less than

t

min

= Ln (800 + 0.73Fy) = 68.27 mm ok

36000 + 9000b

It should not be more than

t

max

= Ln (800 + 0.73Fy) = 93.13 mm ok

36000

Try t = 100 mm for all two way slabs

3 Design moments

Dead Load = W slab + W ceiling+finish = 3.35 Kpa L

1

= 2.3

Live Load = 4.8 Kpa L

2

= 3.35

f = 0.9

Wu = 1.4DL + 1.7LL (consider 1-m strip) = 12.86 Kpa

Long Span:

Mu = Wu L

1

Ln

2

2

/8 = 41.48 KN m; Mn =

Mu/f

= 46.09

Distribution of Mn between section of positive and negative moment

at midspan: +Mms = 0.35 Mn = 16.13 KN m

at support: -Ms = 0.65 Mn = -29.96 KN m

Percentage of moment at support

Column strip:

a2 =

1.25 L

1

/L

2

= 0.69 a2L

1

/L

2

= 0.86

By interpolation:

L

1

/L

2

a2L

1

/L

2

0.5 90 x x = 5.60 %

0.69 ? % M = 84.40 %

1 75

Code assigns 85% of the column strip moment to the beam

Column strip negative Mn = -25.28 KN m

Beam negative Mn = -21.49 KN m

Slab negative Mn = -3.79 KN m = -1.90 KN m /half strip

Column strip positive Mn = 13.61 KN m

Beam positive Mn = 11.57 KN m

Slab positive Mn = 2.04 KN m = 1.02 KN m /half strip

Owner: MS. LYDA B. FIX

Page 2 of 16

Middle strip (takes the remaining moment)

Middle strip negative Mn = -4.67 KN m

Middle strip positive Mn = 2.52 KN m

Short Span:

Mu = Wu L

2

Ln

1

2

/8 = 28.48 KN m; Mn =

Mu/f

= 31.64

Distribution of Mn between section of positive and negative moment

at midspan: +Mms = 0.35 Mn = 11.07 KN m

at support: -Ms = 0.65 Mn = -20.57 KN m

Percentage of moment at support

Column strip:

a1 =

1 a1L

2

/L

1

= 1.46

L

2

/L

1

= 1.46

By interpolation:

L

2

/L

1

a1L

2

/L

1

1 75 x x = 13.70 %

1.46 ? % M = 61.30 %

2 45

Code assigns 85% of the column strip moment to the beam

Column strip negative Mn = -12.61 KN m

Beam negative Mn = -10.72 KN m

Slab negative Mn = -1.89 KN m = -0.95 KN m /half strip

Column strip positive Mn = 6.79 KN m

Beam positive Mn = 5.77 KN m

Slab positive Mn = 1.02 KN m = 0.51 KN m /half strip

Middle strip (takes the remaining moment)

Middle strip negative Mn = -7.96 KN m

Middle strip positive Mn = 4.29 KN m

Fy = 275 Mpa

-M +M -M +M

Slab thickness, t (mm)

Steel reinforcement f (mm)

Middle Strips

Strip Width, b (mm)

Mn (KN m)

Mn (KN m) -4.67 2.52 -7.96 4.29

d (mm) 75 75 75 50

As = [Mn(10

6

)]/[Fy(0.95d)] (mm

2

) 238.46 128.40 406.18 328.07

Min As = 0.002bt (mm

2

) 200 200 200 200

Spacing, S = Af b /As (mm) 329.36 392.70 193.36 239.40

Max S = 2t (mm) 200 200 200 200

Column Strips

Strip Width, b (mm)

Mn (KN m)

Mn (KN m) -1.90 1.02 -0.95 0.51

d (mm) 75 75 75 50

As = [Mn(10

6

)]/[Fy(0.95d)] (mm

2

) 96.78 52.11 48.26 38.98

Min As = 0.002bt (mm

2

) 200 200 200 200

Spacing, S = Af b /As (mm) 392.70 392.70 392.70 392.70

Max S = 2t (mm) 200 200 200 200

Adopted Spacing, S (mm)

Middle Strips (10mm bars)

Column Strips (10mm bars)

DESIGN OF BEAMS

A. FLOOR BEAM, FB1

1 Design loads

TA = 10.12 m

2

Slab Thickness = 100 mm

Beam size: b = 0.20 m Beam span L = 3.35 m

10 10

1000 1000

LONG SPAN SHORT SPAN

100 100

46.09 31.64

200 200

46.09 31.64

1000 1000

200 200

Page 3 of 16

h = 0.35 m LL = 4800 Pa

d = 0.34 m

Dead loads: W slab = 23.82 KN

W c+f = 7.286 KN

W beam = 5.52

W

DL

= 36.63 KN = 10.93 KN/m

Live loads: W

LL

= 48.58 KN = 14.50 KN/m

Wu = 1.4DL + 1.7LL = 39.96 KN/m

2 Design Moments

Assuming fully restrained beam

Max. +Moment = WuL

2

/24 = 18.68 KN m

Max. -Moment = -WuL

2

/12 = -37.37 KN m

Max. Shear = WuL/2 = 66.93 KN

3 Reinforcement Design

At Support (Negative Moment)

Mu = -37.37 KN m f'c = 20.7 Mpa

Mn = Mu/0.90 = 41.52 KN m Fy = 275 Mpa

A = 201.06 mm

2

r = r

max

= 0.75r

bal

r

bal

=

[0.85f'c b/Fy][600+(600+Fy)]

= 0.037

r

max

= 0.75r

bal

= 0.028

use

r =

0.3r

bal

= 0.011

As

1

= rbd = 755.17

mm

2

a = As

1

Fy/(0.85f'cb) = 59.01 mm

M

1

= As

1

Fy(d-a/2) = 63.96

KN m >

37.37

Treat as singly reinforced beam

No. of bars required (use 16 mm)

n = As/A = 3.8 say 4 pcs

Reinforcement:

4 pcs - 16mm (Top bar)

2 pcs - 16mm (Bottom bar)

At Midspan (Positive Moment)

Mu = 18.68 KN/m f'c = 20.7 Mpa

Mn = Mu/0.90 = 20.76 KN/m Fy = 275 Mpa

A = 201.06 mm

2

r = r

max

= 0.75r

bal

r

bal

=

[0.85f'c b/Fy][600+(600+Fy)]

= 0.037

r

max

= 0.75r

bal

= 0.028

use

r =

0.15r

bal

= 0.006

As

1

= rbd = 377.58

mm

2

a = As1Fy/(0.85f'cb) = 29.51 mm

M

1

= As1Fy(d-a/2) = 33.51

KN m >

18.68

Treat as singly reinforced beam

No. of bars required (use 16 mm)

n = As/A = 1.9 say 2 pcs

Reinforcement:

2 pcs - 16mm (Top bar)

4 pcs - 16mm (Bottom bar)

4 Stirrup

Vu = 66.93 KN Vcr = Vu - Wu d = 53.44 KN

Shear capacity of beam

Vc = (f'c)bd/6 = 51.18 KN

Vn = fVc/2 = 21.75 KN <

Stirrup is needed

Vs = Vcr/f - Vn = 41.12 KN

Using 10mm A = 78.54 mm

2

Spacing S = AFyd/Vs = 354.53 mm

Max S = d/2 = 168.75 mm

Use 10mm stirrups spaced @: 3 @ 50mm; 2 @ 100mm; 2 rest @ 150mm

Page 4 of 16

B. FLOOR BEAM, FB2

1 Design loads

TA = 5.06 m

2

Slab Thickness = 100 mm

Beam size: b = 0.20 m Beam span L = 3.35 m

h = 0.30 m LL = 4800 Pa

d = 0.29 m

Dead loads: W slab = 11.91 KN

W c+f = 3.643 KN

W beam = 4.73

W

DL

= 20.29 KN = 6.06 KN/m

Live loads: W

LL

= 24.29 KN = 7.25 KN/m

Wu = 1.4DL + 1.7LL = 20.80 KN/m

2 Design Moments

Assuming fully restrained beam

Max. +Moment = WuL

2

/24 = 9.73 KN m

Max. -Moment = -WuL

2

/12 = -19.46 KN m

Max. Shear = WuL/2 = 34.84 KN

3 Reinforcement Design

At Support (Negative Moment)

Mu = -19.46 KN m f'c = 20.7 Mpa

Mn = Mu/0.90 = 21.62 KN m Fy = 275 Mpa

A = 201.06 mm

2

r = r

max

= 0.75r

bal

r

bal

=

[0.85f'c b/Fy][600+(600+Fy)]

= 0.037

r

max

= 0.75r

bal

= 0.028

use

r =

0.25r

bal

= 0.009

As

1

= rbd = 536.08

mm

2

a = As

1

Fy/(0.85f'cb) = 41.89 mm

M

1

= As

1

Fy(d-a/2) = 39.30

KN m >

19.46

Treat as singly reinforced beam

No. of bars required (use 16 mm)

n = As/A = 2.7 say 3 pcs

Reinforcement:

3 pcs - 16mm (Top bar)

2 pcs - 16mm (Bottom bar)

At Midspan (Positive Moment)

Mu = 9.73 KN/m f'c = 20.7 Mpa

Mn = Mu/0.90 = 10.81 KN/m Fy = 275 Mpa

A = 201.06 mm

2

r = r

max

= 0.75r

bal

r

bal

=

[0.85f'c b/Fy][600+(600+Fy)]

= 0.037

r

max

= 0.75r

bal

= 0.028

use

r =

0.2r

bal

= 0.007

As

1

= rbd = 428.86

mm

2

a = As1Fy/(0.85f'cb) = 33.51 mm

M

1

= As1Fy(d-a/2) = 31.93

KN m >

9.73

Treat as singly reinforced beam

No. of bars required (use 16 mm)

n = As/A = 2.1 say 3 pcs

Reinforcement:

2 pcs - 16mm (Top bar)

3 pcs - 16mm (Bottom bar)

4 Stirrup

Vu = 34.84 KN Vcr = Vu - Wu d = 28.86 KN

Shear capacity of beam

Vc = (f'c)bd/6 = 43.60 KN

Vn = fVc/2 = 18.53 KN <

Stirrup is needed

Page 5 of 16

Vs = Vcr/f - Vn = 15.43 KN

Using 10mm A = 78.54 mm

2

Spacing S = AFyd/Vs = 805.02 mm

Max S = d/2 = 143.75 mm

Use 10mm stirrups spaced @: 3 @ 50mm; 2 @ 100mm; rest @ 150mm o.c.

DESIGN OF COLUMNS

A. EXTERIOR COLUMNS (C1)

Trial Section

b = 200 mm Ag = 80000 mm

2

h = 400 mm Ast = 678.584 mm

2

bar

= 12 mm

tie

= 10 mm

n = 6 pcs

Design Specifications

f'c = 20.7 MPa = 0.7

Fy = 275 MPa = 0.85

1 Axial loads

P

DL

= 18.31 kN P

LL

= 24.29 kN

Pu = (1.4DL + 1.7LL)x1.5 = 100.39 kN (for one side only)

Pu

Total

= Pu x no. of sides x no. of floors = 602.37 kN

2 Check capacity of column

Pu

all

=

0.80 [ 0.85f'c (Ag - Ast) + FyAst ]

Pu

all

= 886.07 kN

since: Puall > Pu then: The column section is safe!

3 Check steel ratio

act

= Ast/Ag = 0.008

max

= = 0.037

min

= 1.4/Fy = 0.005

0.005 0.008 0.037

since: min < act < max then: The steel ratio is safe!

4 Lateral ties

s = 16 (

bar

) = 192 mm

s = 48 (

tie

) = 480 mm

s = least dimension = 200 mm

Thus: Use 6 - 12mm dia bar with 10mm dia lateral ties @ 200mm o.c.

B. INTERIOR COLUMNS (C2)

Trial Section

b = 200 mm Ag = 60000 mm

2

h = 300 mm Ast = 678.584 mm

2

bar

= 12 mm

tie

= 10 mm

n = 6 pcs

Design Specifications

f'c = 20.7 MPa = 0.7

Fy = 275 MPa = 0.85

1 Axial loads

P

DL

= 18.31 kN P

LL

= 24.29 kN

Pu = (1.4DL + 1.7LL)x1.5 = 100.39 kN (for one side only)

Pu

Total

= Pu x no. of sides x no. of floors = 401.58 kN

2 Check capacity of column

Pu

all

=

0.80 [ 0.85f'c (Ag - Ast) + FyAst ]

Pu

all

= 689.01 kN

0.85f'c (600)

Fy (600 + Fy)

Page 6 of 16

since: Puall > Pu then: The column section is safe!

3 Check steel ratio

act

= Ast/Ag = 0.011

max

= = 0.037

min

= 1.4/Fy = 0.005

0.005 0.011 0.037

since: min < act < max then: The steel ratio is safe!

4 Lateral ties

s = 16 (

bar

) = 192 mm

s = 48 (

tie

) = 480 mm

s = least dimension = 200 mm

Thus: Use 6 - 16mm dia bar with 10mm dia lateral ties @ 200mm o.c.

DESIGN OF FOOTING

A. INTERIOR FOOTING (F1)

Design Specifications

f'c = 20.7 MPa H = 600 mm

Fy = 275 MPa h = 300 mm

bar

= 16 mm q

all

= 190 kPa (assume)

conc

= 23.5

kN/m

3

soil

= 15.7

kN/m

3

(assume)

col

b

= 200 mm cc = 100 mm

col

h

= 400 mm = 0.85

1 Service loads

P

T

= P

DL

+ P

LL

= 255.62 kN

2 Base dimensions

q

net

= q

all

- [ h

conc

+ H

soil

] = 173.53 kPa

A

reqd

= P

T

/ q

net

= 1.47

m

2

B

2

= A

reqd

B = 1.21 m

Trial section:

B = 1.5 m A

act

= 2.25

m

2

3 Soil pressure due to factored loads

P

U

= 1.4DL + 1.7LL = 401.58 kN

q

u

= P

U

/ A

act

= 178.48 kPa

4 Check punching shear

d = h - cc = 200 mm

b = col

b

+ d = 400 mm

c = col

h

+ d = 600 mm

b

o

= [2b + 2c] = 2000

mm

2

V

u

= P

U

- q

u

x b x c = 358.74 kN

V

c

= 0.33 b

o

d f'c = 510.48 kN

since: V

c

> V

u

SAFE

5 Check beam shear

x

1

= (B - col

b

- 2d)/2 = 0.45 m

V

u

= q

u

B x

1

= 120.47 kN

V

c

= 0.17 B d f'c = 197.23 kN

since: V

c

> V

u

SAFE

6 Design of reinforcement

x

2

= (B - col

b

)/2 = 0.65 m

M

u

= q

u

B x

2

2

/2 = 56.55577 kN m

0.85f'c (600)

Fy (600 + Fy)

Page 7 of 16

Mu = f'c Bd

2

(1-0.59)

2

- 1.69 + = 0

= = 0.052

= f'c/Fy = 0.004

min

= 1.4/Fy = 0.005

use = = 0.005

As = Bd = 1527.27 mm

2

n = Ast/A

= 7.59

say 8 pcs

Thus: Use 8 16mm dia bar on both sides of footing.

B. EXTERIOR FOOTING (F2)

Design Specifications

f'c = 20.7 MPa H = 500 mm

Fy = 275 MPa h = 300 mm

bar

= 16 mm q

all

= 190 kPa (assume)

conc

= 23.5

kN/m

3

soil

= 15.7

kN/m

3

(assume)

col

b

= 200 mm cc = 100 mm

col

h

= 300 mm = 0.85

1 Service loads

P

T

= P

DL

+ P

LL

= 170.41 kN

2 Base dimensions

q

net

= q

all

- [ h

conc

+ H

soil

] = 175.10 kPa

A

reqd

= P

T

/ q

net

= 0.97

m

2

B

2

= A

reqd

B = 0.99 m

Trial section:

B = 1.2 m A

act

= 1.44

m

2

3 Soil pressure due to factored loads

P

U

= 1.4DL + 1.7LL = 267.72 kN

q

u

= P

U

/ A

act

= 185.92 kPa

4 Check punching shear

d = h - cc = 200 mm

b = col

b

+ d = 400 mm

c = col

h

+ d = 500 mm

b

o

= [2b + 2c] = 1800

mm

2

V

u

= P

U

- q

u

x b x c = 230.54 kN

V

c

= 0.33 b

o

d f'c = 459.43 kN

since: V

c

> V

u

SAFE

5 Check beam shear

x

1

= (B - col

b

- 2d)/2 = 0.3 m

V

u

= q

u

B x

1

= 66.93 kN

V

c

= 0.17 B d f'c = 157.78 kN

since: V

c

> V

u

SAFE

6 Design of reinforcement

x

2

= (B - col

b

)/2 = 0.5 m

M

u

= q

u

B x

2

2

/2 = 27.88746 kN m

Mu = f'c Bd

2

(1-0.59)

2

- 1.69 + = 0

= = 0.032

= f'c/Fy = 0.002

0.05286

0.08576

Page 8 of 16

min

= 1.4/Fy = 0.005

use = = 0.005

As = Bd = 1221.82 mm

2

n = Ast/A

= 6.08

say 7 pcs

Thus: Use 7 16mm dia bar on both sides of footing.

Page 9 of 16

PHASE 7-A BLOCK 17 LOT 04 ORCHARD & RESIDENTIAL ESTATE, SALITRAN, DASMARIAS, CAVITE

PROPOSED TWO-STOREY RESIDENTIAL HOUSE

PHASE 7-A BLOCK 17 LOT 04 ORCHARD & RESIDENTIAL ESTATE, SALITRAN, DASMARIAS, CAVITE

STRUCTURAL COMPUTATION

OF

PROPOSED TWO-STOREY RESIDENTIAL HOUSE

Page 10 of 16

(short direction)

(long direction)

mm

m

m

KN m

KN m /half strip

KN m /half strip

Owner: MS. LYDA B. FIX

Page 11 of 16

KN m

KN m /half strip

KN m /half strip

Page 12 of 16

KN m

KN m

53.44

Page 13 of 16

KN m

KN m

28.86

Page 14 of 16

(for one side only)

The steel ratio is safe!

(for one side only)

Page 15 of 16

The steel ratio is safe!

Page 16 of 16

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