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# PHASE 7-A BLOCK 17 LOT 04 ORCHARD & RESIDENTIAL ESTATE, SALITRAN, DASMARIAS, CAVITE

Prepared by:
GIL S. BELTRAN
Civil Engineer
PRC Reg. No. : 64544
PTR No. : 8642641
Date Issued : 1/9/2009
Place Issued : Dasmarias, Cavite
TIN : 157-467-966

PROPOSED TWO-STOREY RESIDENTIAL HOUSE
PHASE 7-A BLOCK 17 LOT 04 ORCHARD & RESIDENTIAL ESTATE, SALITRAN, DASMARIAS, CAVITE
STRUCTURAL COMPUTATION
OF
PROPOSED TWO-STOREY RESIDENTIAL HOUSE
Page 1 of 16
DESIGN OF SLABS
A. DESIGN OF TWO-WAY SLAB (S-1)
Direct Design Method
Design Specifications
L
1
= 2.30 m column size = 0.20m x 0.40m a1 = 1
L
2
= 3.35 m beam size = 0.20m x 0.35m a2 = 1.25
Fy = 275 Mpa f'c = 20.7 Mpa cc = 25
Considering the interior slab
1 Relative a values
a1 x L
2
/L
1
= 1.46 am = 2x(a1 + a2)/4 = 1.16
a2 x L
1
/L
2
= 0.86
2 Slab thickness, t
t = Ln (800 + 0.73Fy) = 78.05 mm
36,000 + 5000b [am - 0.12(1 + 1/b)]
where: Ln = L
2
- column width = 3.35 m
Ln = L
1
- column width = 2.30 m
b = (Ln long/Ln short) direction clear span ratio = 1.46
It should not be less than
t
min
= Ln (800 + 0.73Fy) = 68.27 mm ok
36000 + 9000b
It should not be more than
t
max
= Ln (800 + 0.73Fy) = 93.13 mm ok
36000
Try t = 100 mm for all two way slabs
3 Design moments
Dead Load = W slab + W ceiling+finish = 3.35 Kpa L
1
= 2.3
Live Load = 4.8 Kpa L
2
= 3.35
f = 0.9
Wu = 1.4DL + 1.7LL (consider 1-m strip) = 12.86 Kpa
Long Span:
Mu = Wu L
1
Ln
2
2
/8 = 41.48 KN m; Mn =
Mu/f
= 46.09
Distribution of Mn between section of positive and negative moment
at midspan: +Mms = 0.35 Mn = 16.13 KN m
at support: -Ms = 0.65 Mn = -29.96 KN m
Percentage of moment at support
Column strip:
a2 =
1.25 L
1
/L
2
= 0.69 a2L
1
/L
2
= 0.86
By interpolation:
L
1
/L
2
a2L
1
/L
2
0.5 90 x x = 5.60 %
0.69 ? % M = 84.40 %
1 75
Code assigns 85% of the column strip moment to the beam
Column strip negative Mn = -25.28 KN m
Beam negative Mn = -21.49 KN m
Slab negative Mn = -3.79 KN m = -1.90 KN m /half strip
Column strip positive Mn = 13.61 KN m
Beam positive Mn = 11.57 KN m
Slab positive Mn = 2.04 KN m = 1.02 KN m /half strip
Owner: MS. LYDA B. FIX
Page 2 of 16
Middle strip (takes the remaining moment)
Middle strip negative Mn = -4.67 KN m
Middle strip positive Mn = 2.52 KN m
Short Span:
Mu = Wu L
2
Ln
1
2
/8 = 28.48 KN m; Mn =
Mu/f
= 31.64
Distribution of Mn between section of positive and negative moment
at midspan: +Mms = 0.35 Mn = 11.07 KN m
at support: -Ms = 0.65 Mn = -20.57 KN m
Percentage of moment at support
Column strip:
a1 =
1 a1L
2
/L
1
= 1.46
L
2
/L
1
= 1.46
By interpolation:
L
2
/L
1
a1L
2
/L
1
1 75 x x = 13.70 %
1.46 ? % M = 61.30 %
2 45
Code assigns 85% of the column strip moment to the beam
Column strip negative Mn = -12.61 KN m
Beam negative Mn = -10.72 KN m
Slab negative Mn = -1.89 KN m = -0.95 KN m /half strip
Column strip positive Mn = 6.79 KN m
Beam positive Mn = 5.77 KN m
Slab positive Mn = 1.02 KN m = 0.51 KN m /half strip
Middle strip (takes the remaining moment)
Middle strip negative Mn = -7.96 KN m
Middle strip positive Mn = 4.29 KN m
Fy = 275 Mpa
-M +M -M +M
Slab thickness, t (mm)
Steel reinforcement f (mm)
Middle Strips
Strip Width, b (mm)
Mn (KN m)
Mn (KN m) -4.67 2.52 -7.96 4.29
d (mm) 75 75 75 50
As = [Mn(10
6
)]/[Fy(0.95d)] (mm
2
) 238.46 128.40 406.18 328.07
Min As = 0.002bt (mm
2
) 200 200 200 200
Spacing, S = Af b /As (mm) 329.36 392.70 193.36 239.40
Max S = 2t (mm) 200 200 200 200
Column Strips
Strip Width, b (mm)
Mn (KN m)
Mn (KN m) -1.90 1.02 -0.95 0.51
d (mm) 75 75 75 50
As = [Mn(10
6
)]/[Fy(0.95d)] (mm
2
) 96.78 52.11 48.26 38.98
Min As = 0.002bt (mm
2
) 200 200 200 200
Spacing, S = Af b /As (mm) 392.70 392.70 392.70 392.70
Max S = 2t (mm) 200 200 200 200
Adopted Spacing, S (mm)
Middle Strips (10mm bars)
Column Strips (10mm bars)
DESIGN OF BEAMS
A. FLOOR BEAM, FB1
1 Design loads
TA = 10.12 m
2
Slab Thickness = 100 mm
Beam size: b = 0.20 m Beam span L = 3.35 m
10 10
1000 1000
LONG SPAN SHORT SPAN
100 100
46.09 31.64
200 200
46.09 31.64
1000 1000
200 200
Page 3 of 16
h = 0.35 m LL = 4800 Pa
d = 0.34 m
Dead loads: W slab = 23.82 KN
W c+f = 7.286 KN
W beam = 5.52
W
DL
= 36.63 KN = 10.93 KN/m
Live loads: W
LL
= 48.58 KN = 14.50 KN/m
Wu = 1.4DL + 1.7LL = 39.96 KN/m
2 Design Moments
Assuming fully restrained beam
Max. +Moment = WuL
2
/24 = 18.68 KN m
Max. -Moment = -WuL
2
/12 = -37.37 KN m
Max. Shear = WuL/2 = 66.93 KN
3 Reinforcement Design
At Support (Negative Moment)
Mu = -37.37 KN m f'c = 20.7 Mpa
Mn = Mu/0.90 = 41.52 KN m Fy = 275 Mpa
A = 201.06 mm
2
r = r
max
= 0.75r
bal
r
bal
=
[0.85f'c b/Fy][600+(600+Fy)]
= 0.037
r
max
= 0.75r
bal
= 0.028
use
r =
0.3r
bal
= 0.011
As
1
= rbd = 755.17
mm
2
a = As
1
Fy/(0.85f'cb) = 59.01 mm
M
1
= As
1
Fy(d-a/2) = 63.96
KN m >
37.37
Treat as singly reinforced beam
No. of bars required (use 16 mm)
n = As/A = 3.8 say 4 pcs
Reinforcement:
4 pcs - 16mm (Top bar)
2 pcs - 16mm (Bottom bar)
At Midspan (Positive Moment)
Mu = 18.68 KN/m f'c = 20.7 Mpa
Mn = Mu/0.90 = 20.76 KN/m Fy = 275 Mpa
A = 201.06 mm
2
r = r
max
= 0.75r
bal
r
bal
=
[0.85f'c b/Fy][600+(600+Fy)]
= 0.037
r
max
= 0.75r
bal
= 0.028
use
r =
0.15r
bal
= 0.006
As
1
= rbd = 377.58
mm
2
a = As1Fy/(0.85f'cb) = 29.51 mm
M
1
= As1Fy(d-a/2) = 33.51
KN m >
18.68
Treat as singly reinforced beam
No. of bars required (use 16 mm)
n = As/A = 1.9 say 2 pcs
Reinforcement:
2 pcs - 16mm (Top bar)
4 pcs - 16mm (Bottom bar)
4 Stirrup
Vu = 66.93 KN Vcr = Vu - Wu d = 53.44 KN
Shear capacity of beam
Vc = (f'c)bd/6 = 51.18 KN
Vn = fVc/2 = 21.75 KN <
Stirrup is needed
Vs = Vcr/f - Vn = 41.12 KN
Using 10mm A = 78.54 mm
2
Spacing S = AFyd/Vs = 354.53 mm
Max S = d/2 = 168.75 mm
Use 10mm stirrups spaced @: 3 @ 50mm; 2 @ 100mm; 2 rest @ 150mm
Page 4 of 16
B. FLOOR BEAM, FB2
1 Design loads
TA = 5.06 m
2
Slab Thickness = 100 mm
Beam size: b = 0.20 m Beam span L = 3.35 m
h = 0.30 m LL = 4800 Pa
d = 0.29 m
Dead loads: W slab = 11.91 KN
W c+f = 3.643 KN
W beam = 4.73
W
DL
= 20.29 KN = 6.06 KN/m
Live loads: W
LL
= 24.29 KN = 7.25 KN/m
Wu = 1.4DL + 1.7LL = 20.80 KN/m
2 Design Moments
Assuming fully restrained beam
Max. +Moment = WuL
2
/24 = 9.73 KN m
Max. -Moment = -WuL
2
/12 = -19.46 KN m
Max. Shear = WuL/2 = 34.84 KN
3 Reinforcement Design
At Support (Negative Moment)
Mu = -19.46 KN m f'c = 20.7 Mpa
Mn = Mu/0.90 = 21.62 KN m Fy = 275 Mpa
A = 201.06 mm
2
r = r
max
= 0.75r
bal
r
bal
=
[0.85f'c b/Fy][600+(600+Fy)]
= 0.037
r
max
= 0.75r
bal
= 0.028
use
r =
0.25r
bal
= 0.009
As
1
= rbd = 536.08
mm
2
a = As
1
Fy/(0.85f'cb) = 41.89 mm
M
1
= As
1
Fy(d-a/2) = 39.30
KN m >
19.46
Treat as singly reinforced beam
No. of bars required (use 16 mm)
n = As/A = 2.7 say 3 pcs
Reinforcement:
3 pcs - 16mm (Top bar)
2 pcs - 16mm (Bottom bar)
At Midspan (Positive Moment)
Mu = 9.73 KN/m f'c = 20.7 Mpa
Mn = Mu/0.90 = 10.81 KN/m Fy = 275 Mpa
A = 201.06 mm
2
r = r
max
= 0.75r
bal
r
bal
=
[0.85f'c b/Fy][600+(600+Fy)]
= 0.037
r
max
= 0.75r
bal
= 0.028
use
r =
0.2r
bal
= 0.007
As
1
= rbd = 428.86
mm
2
a = As1Fy/(0.85f'cb) = 33.51 mm
M
1
= As1Fy(d-a/2) = 31.93
KN m >
9.73
Treat as singly reinforced beam
No. of bars required (use 16 mm)
n = As/A = 2.1 say 3 pcs
Reinforcement:
2 pcs - 16mm (Top bar)
3 pcs - 16mm (Bottom bar)
4 Stirrup
Vu = 34.84 KN Vcr = Vu - Wu d = 28.86 KN
Shear capacity of beam
Vc = (f'c)bd/6 = 43.60 KN
Vn = fVc/2 = 18.53 KN <
Stirrup is needed
Page 5 of 16
Vs = Vcr/f - Vn = 15.43 KN
Using 10mm A = 78.54 mm
2
Spacing S = AFyd/Vs = 805.02 mm
Max S = d/2 = 143.75 mm
Use 10mm stirrups spaced @: 3 @ 50mm; 2 @ 100mm; rest @ 150mm o.c.
DESIGN OF COLUMNS
A. EXTERIOR COLUMNS (C1)
Trial Section
b = 200 mm Ag = 80000 mm
2
h = 400 mm Ast = 678.584 mm
2

bar
= 12 mm
tie
= 10 mm
n = 6 pcs
Design Specifications
f'c = 20.7 MPa = 0.7
Fy = 275 MPa = 0.85
1 Axial loads
P
DL
= 18.31 kN P
LL
= 24.29 kN
Pu = (1.4DL + 1.7LL)x1.5 = 100.39 kN (for one side only)
Pu
Total
= Pu x no. of sides x no. of floors = 602.37 kN
2 Check capacity of column
Pu
all
=
0.80 [ 0.85f'c (Ag - Ast) + FyAst ]
Pu
all
= 886.07 kN
since: Puall > Pu then: The column section is safe!
3 Check steel ratio

act
= Ast/Ag = 0.008

max
= = 0.037

min
= 1.4/Fy = 0.005
0.005 0.008 0.037
since: min < act < max then: The steel ratio is safe!
4 Lateral ties
s = 16 (
bar
) = 192 mm
s = 48 (
tie
) = 480 mm
s = least dimension = 200 mm
Thus: Use 6 - 12mm dia bar with 10mm dia lateral ties @ 200mm o.c.
B. INTERIOR COLUMNS (C2)
Trial Section
b = 200 mm Ag = 60000 mm
2
h = 300 mm Ast = 678.584 mm
2

bar
= 12 mm
tie
= 10 mm
n = 6 pcs
Design Specifications
f'c = 20.7 MPa = 0.7
Fy = 275 MPa = 0.85
1 Axial loads
P
DL
= 18.31 kN P
LL
= 24.29 kN
Pu = (1.4DL + 1.7LL)x1.5 = 100.39 kN (for one side only)
Pu
Total
= Pu x no. of sides x no. of floors = 401.58 kN
2 Check capacity of column
Pu
all
=
0.80 [ 0.85f'c (Ag - Ast) + FyAst ]
Pu
all
= 689.01 kN
0.85f'c (600)
Fy (600 + Fy)
Page 6 of 16
since: Puall > Pu then: The column section is safe!
3 Check steel ratio

act
= Ast/Ag = 0.011

max
= = 0.037

min
= 1.4/Fy = 0.005
0.005 0.011 0.037
since: min < act < max then: The steel ratio is safe!
4 Lateral ties
s = 16 (
bar
) = 192 mm
s = 48 (
tie
) = 480 mm
s = least dimension = 200 mm
Thus: Use 6 - 16mm dia bar with 10mm dia lateral ties @ 200mm o.c.
DESIGN OF FOOTING
A. INTERIOR FOOTING (F1)
Design Specifications
f'c = 20.7 MPa H = 600 mm
Fy = 275 MPa h = 300 mm

bar
= 16 mm q
all
= 190 kPa (assume)

conc
= 23.5
kN/m
3

soil
= 15.7
kN/m
3
(assume)
col
b
= 200 mm cc = 100 mm
col
h
= 400 mm = 0.85
1 Service loads
P
T
= P
DL
+ P
LL
= 255.62 kN
2 Base dimensions
q
net
= q
all
- [ h
conc
+ H
soil
] = 173.53 kPa
A
reqd
= P
T
/ q
net
= 1.47
m
2
B
2
= A
reqd
B = 1.21 m
Trial section:
B = 1.5 m A
act
= 2.25
m
2
3 Soil pressure due to factored loads
P
U
= 1.4DL + 1.7LL = 401.58 kN
q
u
= P
U
/ A
act
= 178.48 kPa
4 Check punching shear
d = h - cc = 200 mm
b = col
b
+ d = 400 mm
c = col
h
+ d = 600 mm
b
o
= [2b + 2c] = 2000
mm
2
V
u
= P
U
- q
u
x b x c = 358.74 kN
V
c
= 0.33 b
o
d f'c = 510.48 kN
since: V
c
> V
u
SAFE
5 Check beam shear
x
1
= (B - col
b
- 2d)/2 = 0.45 m
V
u
= q
u
B x
1
= 120.47 kN
V
c
= 0.17 B d f'c = 197.23 kN
since: V
c
> V
u
SAFE
6 Design of reinforcement
x
2
= (B - col
b
)/2 = 0.65 m
M
u
= q
u
B x
2
2
/2 = 56.55577 kN m
0.85f'c (600)
Fy (600 + Fy)
Page 7 of 16
Mu = f'c Bd
2
(1-0.59)

2
- 1.69 + = 0
= = 0.052
= f'c/Fy = 0.004

min
= 1.4/Fy = 0.005
use = = 0.005
As = Bd = 1527.27 mm
2
n = Ast/A

= 7.59
say 8 pcs
Thus: Use 8 16mm dia bar on both sides of footing.
B. EXTERIOR FOOTING (F2)
Design Specifications
f'c = 20.7 MPa H = 500 mm
Fy = 275 MPa h = 300 mm

bar
= 16 mm q
all
= 190 kPa (assume)

conc
= 23.5
kN/m
3

soil
= 15.7
kN/m
3
(assume)
col
b
= 200 mm cc = 100 mm
col
h
= 300 mm = 0.85
1 Service loads
P
T
= P
DL
+ P
LL
= 170.41 kN
2 Base dimensions
q
net
= q
all
- [ h
conc
+ H
soil
] = 175.10 kPa
A
reqd
= P
T
/ q
net
= 0.97
m
2
B
2
= A
reqd
B = 0.99 m
Trial section:
B = 1.2 m A
act
= 1.44
m
2
3 Soil pressure due to factored loads
P
U
= 1.4DL + 1.7LL = 267.72 kN
q
u
= P
U
/ A
act
= 185.92 kPa
4 Check punching shear
d = h - cc = 200 mm
b = col
b
+ d = 400 mm
c = col
h
+ d = 500 mm
b
o
= [2b + 2c] = 1800
mm
2
V
u
= P
U
- q
u
x b x c = 230.54 kN
V
c
= 0.33 b
o
d f'c = 459.43 kN
since: V
c
> V
u
SAFE
5 Check beam shear
x
1
= (B - col
b
- 2d)/2 = 0.3 m
V
u
= q
u
B x
1
= 66.93 kN
V
c
= 0.17 B d f'c = 157.78 kN
since: V
c
> V
u
SAFE
6 Design of reinforcement
x
2
= (B - col
b
)/2 = 0.5 m
M
u
= q
u
B x
2
2
/2 = 27.88746 kN m
Mu = f'c Bd
2
(1-0.59)

2
- 1.69 + = 0
= = 0.032
= f'c/Fy = 0.002
0.05286
0.08576
Page 8 of 16

min
= 1.4/Fy = 0.005
use = = 0.005
As = Bd = 1221.82 mm
2
n = Ast/A

= 6.08
say 7 pcs
Thus: Use 7 16mm dia bar on both sides of footing.
Page 9 of 16
PHASE 7-A BLOCK 17 LOT 04 ORCHARD & RESIDENTIAL ESTATE, SALITRAN, DASMARIAS, CAVITE

PROPOSED TWO-STOREY RESIDENTIAL HOUSE
PHASE 7-A BLOCK 17 LOT 04 ORCHARD & RESIDENTIAL ESTATE, SALITRAN, DASMARIAS, CAVITE
STRUCTURAL COMPUTATION
OF
PROPOSED TWO-STOREY RESIDENTIAL HOUSE
Page 10 of 16
(short direction)
(long direction)
mm
m
m
KN m
KN m /half strip
KN m /half strip
Owner: MS. LYDA B. FIX
Page 11 of 16
KN m
KN m /half strip
KN m /half strip
Page 12 of 16
KN m
KN m
53.44
Page 13 of 16
KN m
KN m
28.86
Page 14 of 16
(for one side only)
The steel ratio is safe!
(for one side only)
Page 15 of 16
The steel ratio is safe!
Page 16 of 16