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11 9 2014 Fire drencher system | Base-engineer.

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16:33:43 | Thursday, 11 September 2014
Water supply
Fire drencher system

Deluge systems are non-automatic (manual) and automatic actions. For deluge systems should
be two water intake: automatic actions for fighting a fire in the first 10 min, and the main fire to
the next 60 minutes.
Depending on the degree of fire hazard protected sites use the following systems:
1) The flood in the premises of hazardous areas;
2) dry pipe indoor non-hazardous industries.
In flooded systems drenchers set up outlets, and in the dry pipe up or down. Each section or
serviced by the veil of the individual valves of a group action, bolt or valve control.
Floor area, protected by a drenchers, 9 m spacing drenchers 3 m between drenchers and walls
or partitions 1.5 m spacing drenchers, irrigated vertical plane, or intended to create a curtain of
water, determined from the flow rate 0.5 l / s at 1 m width of the aperture plane or irrigated.
Drenchers used scapular outlet with a diameter of 12 mm (aperture) or rosette (to create a
water curtain) with outlet diameters of 10, 12 and 16 mm.
Automatic activation of deluge systems provided by one of the following incentive devices:
a) in the presence of valves, a group action motivating the pipeline with a cable system having
a low melting locks, as well as hydraulic and pneumatic systems;
b) in the presence of valves and valves with electric-power system with electrical sensors.
All the driving force (sprinklers, low-melting electric locks and sensors) must be installed at a
distance of not more than 0.4 m from the floor. Distance (horizontal) between the low-melting
motivation locks the cable system shall not exceed in hazardous industries 2.5 m and 3 m in
Do not install valves and flanges on nutrient and distribution pipelines.
Water consumption for fire protection of buildings take on special rates. Water consumption per
1 m2 of floor area protected premises shall not be less than 0.1 l / s.
For buildings and premises in which the main combustible materials are rubber, rubber products,
films for nitroosnove, celluloid and its products, and other similar materials, water consumption
should be at least 0.3 l / s per 1 m2 of floor space.
In determining the diameters of the pipes are advised to take following the rate of water
movement in them: in the supply and nutrient pipelines less than 3 m / s and in the distribution
pipelines not exceeding 10 m / s. Hydraulic calculation of sprinkler systems is performed in two
cases of supply network from the ground and automatically water intake.
Hydraulic calculation of deluge systems is based on the conditions of simultaneous action of all
drenchers design section or the veil when working on automatic, and the main water intake.
Available static pressure in the most remote and at an altitude of sprinkler or drenchers should
Air conditioning systems
Ventilation systems
Water supply
11 9 2014 Fire drencher system | | Journal of engineering systems | Base engineer 2/2
take at least 5 m of water. of art.
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