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Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity)


Wi-Fi is the name of a popular wireless networking technology that uses radio waves to
provide wireless high-speed Internet and network connections. A common misconception is that
the term Wi-Fi is short for "wireless fidelity," however this is not the case. Wi-Fi is simply a
trademarked term meaning IEEE 802.11x.
The Wi-Fi Alliance, the organization that owns the Wi-Fi (registered trademark) term
specifically defines Wi-Fi as any "wireless local area network (WLAN) products that are based
on the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers' (IEEE) 802.11 standards."
Initially, Wi-Fi was used in place of only the 2.4GHz 802.11b standard, however the Wi-
Fi Alliance has expanded the generic use of the Wi-Fi term to include any type of network or
WLAN product based on any of the 802.11 standards, including 802.11b, 802.11a, dual-band,
and so on, in an attempt to stop confusion about wireless LAN interoperability.

News Articles and Journals that supports WiFi:
1. Create your own WiFi hotspot with 3G
Hitesh Raj Bhagat, ET Bureau Mar 14, 2011, 02.34am IST
Almost all the portable gadgets we use today need to be connected to the internet. Instead
of getting an individual internet connection for each of them, you can use one of them to create a
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personal, mobile Wi-Fi hotspot. All your other Wi-Fi enabled devices will then be able to
connect to this hotspot and share the primary internet connection.
Apart from the practicality angle, there can be many uses for this. Your laptop can have
high-speed internet connectivity on the move. Within your own network, you devices will be
able to share data with each other. And you'll save quite a bit of cash at the end of the month if
you share just one unlimited data plan with five other devices.
This article discussed on how the WiFi connection can be share to other devices. Using WiFi we
are able to connect or communicate to other devices that also contain a WiFi connection. This
will easily access the transmission of data with the other device. Now a days some are already
using this. It is advisable especially to the students. Using an Android device-Android has the
most options when it comes to sharing an internet connection via Wi-Fi. For starters, any phone
or tablet with Android version 2.2 or later has the personal Wi-Fi hotspot feature built in by
default (without any restrictions). To activate it, go to Settings > Wiress and Network > Mobile
AP. Once you activate Mobile AP, you can configure it with a name, add an access password and
even hide the network so that only trusted devices can connect to it.
2. Make your own portable Wi-Fi hotspot
ET Bureau Nov 1, 2010, 12.29am IST
You may not always have an available Wi-Fi connection to get your fix. However, with the
help of a handy new device, you can create your own Wi-Fi hotspot wherever you go.
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The Tata Photon+ Wi-Fi is a small, battery-powered device that connects to Tata Photon's
broadband network (just like the USB device) and instantly creates a portable Wi-Fi hotspot that
can be used by up to five devices at a time.
In this article it shows on how you can create your own Wi-Fi hot spot in very easy way. It is
true that you cant always get connected to a Wi-Fi if you are in the long distance or if you are
far from the connection. This is the exactly way on how you can surf in the internet without
worrying if you are covered area of the Wi-fi.
3. Idea Cellular, Aircel, other investing in Wi-Fi systems to improve mobile broadband
coverage
Kalyan Parbat, ET Bureau Apr 5, 2013, 04.07AM I ST
Mobile phone companies are investing in low-cost Wi-Fi systems to improve
mobile broadband coverage in heavy data consumption zones. A few may be trying to attract
fixed-line users by getting them hooked through the Wi-Fi route.
Idea Cellular is testing a five-city Wi-Fi network that will soon go commercial
while Aircel will roll out 600 Wi-Fi outlets in six cities that are considered to be India's biggest
data markets, top company executives with direct knowledge said. Vodafone India too is
believed to be in talks with Wi-Fi gear suppliers like Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN)
and Cisco to improve mobile broadband coverage in under-served indoor public areas. More
companies are likely to jump onto the bandwagon.

4. Nokia Siemens enhances Wi-Fi residential connectivity
PTI May 21, 2013, 10.21PM I ST
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Telecom equipment maker Nokia Siemens Network (NSN) today said it is enhancing its
smart Wi-Fi solution to provide the industry's comprehensive traffic steering capabilities
between cellular and Wi-Fi networks.
The company is also launching a new 3G Femtocell Access Point for seamless connectivity in
residential areas, it said in a release.
By enhancing cellular networks with Wi-Fi and residential access points, operators can ensure
seamless connectivity and positive customer experience across all networks, it added. With these
tools, operators have access to real-time information about their own or partnered Wi-Fi access
points. Operators can then enhance customer experience with dynamic traffic steering between
cellular and Wi-Fi networks based on real-time network load.
5. Know the hidden risks of Wi-Fi
SUMI T DESHPANDE, ET CONTRI BUTORS Mar 9, 2006, 01.44am IST
Most of us in the business world today, especially those who travel, can't live without our
laptops and readily available Wi-Fi connections. All new laptops today have Wi-Fi built in as a
default configuration and if you want one without wireless, it's a special order. Our world has
certainly changed.
Wireless networks offer tremendous benefits, but also present significant risks,
particularly around 'end-point security.' As more and more mobile workers use their laptops to
connect to corporate and public Wi-Fi networks, IT departments as well as end-users will
need to be aware of the risks and implement the right mitigation plans.
Most Wi-Fi security stories focus on the over-the-air (OTA) data encryption, wireless access
control, or intrusion prevention. Although these are important issues, there are hidden risks with
wireless that may not be well known, but still present some serious security challenges
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6. New wi-fi based technology reads your gestures to control appliances
PTI J un 6, 2013, 06.34PM I ST
Researchers have shown it's possible to leverage Wi-Fi signals around us to detect
specific movements without needing sensors on the human body or cameras. By using an
adapted Wi-Fi router and a few wireless devices in the living room, users could control their
electronics and household appliances from any room in the home with a simple gesture.
"This is repurposing wireless signals that already exist in new ways. You can actually use
wireless for gesture recognition without needing to deploy more sensors," said lead
researcher Shyam Gollakota, a UW assistant professor of computer science and engineering.
The UW researchers built a 'smart' receiver device that essentially listens to all of the wireless
transmissions coming from devices throughout a home, including smartphones, laptops and
tablets. A standard Wi-Fi router could be adapted to function as a receiver.
When a person moves, there is a slight change in the frequency of the wireless signal.
Moving a hand or foot causes the receiver to detect a pattern of changes known as the Doppler
frequency shift.
7. Know about Wi-Fi related health risks, coral reefs and aging of birds
Apr 14, 2013, 05.06AM I ST
WiFi is based on radio waves whose frequency is similar to that of microwaves. Given
what microwave ovens can do to, say, chicken nuggets, it's not surprising that there's been
concern that exposure to WiFi could be unhealthy.
Fortunately, while they're pretty ubiquitous, WiFi waves are emitted at far lower intensities than
microwaves in ovens. As a result, they can't produce anything like the same heating effect.
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8. Make your house a Wi-Fi hotspot
Kavita Kukday J ul 16, 2006, 12.00am IST
You've probably come across the concept of Wi-Fi hot spotswireless connections to
the internet that are increasingly available in hotels, airports and even your local baristas and caf
coffee days. The ones that let you roam all over the place and still stay connected to the virtual
world.
Ever wondered what it would be like to have a similar luxury at home? If you could
actually chat on your computer, while at the same time your husband answers his e-mail on his
notebook? Or maybe surf while you lounge at the pool downstairs? Sounds complicated and
touch too expensive? But ask any expert and the answer is a resounding no both counts.
Creating a Wi-Fi community can cut costs to the bare minimumget in touch with your
operators to set one up Security is an important aspect of creating a Wi-Fi network. Make sure
you encrypt your connection to keep unauthorised people out

9. Tips to supercharge your home Wi-Fi
Hitesh Raj Bhagat, ET Bureau Oct 25, 2010, 03.24am IST
Your home Wi-Fi network can do so much more than just serve as a means of wireless
internet for your laptop and phone. Video streaming, audio streaming, data transfer, security and
surveillance, wireless printing; it's all possible over a Wi-Fi network. To start with, all you need
is a stable internet connection and a Wi-Fi router, placed in an appropriate location so as to allow
maximum coverage. The range of the wireless router defines the extent of your home network.
Then, depending on what you want to do, you can buy and configure any of these wireless
capable devices to smarten up your network
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10. 7 impressive ways to use WiFi on a smartphone
Hitesh Raj Bhagat & Karan Bajaj, ET Bureau Mar 27, 2013, 04.20AM I ST
Wireless multimedia, transferring large files or using your phone as a remote are just a
few examples of what you can do. Hitesh Raj Bhagat & Karan Bajaj show you how:
AIRDROID
If you frequently connect your Android phone to the computer for data transfer, AirDroid
can make your life a lot simpler. It's completely free and enables a connection between your
phone and the computer over WiFi. You don't need to install any additional software on your
computer because it works using a web browser. Run the app and open http://web.airdroid.com
in any web browser. Enter the password displayed on the computer screen into the app to create
the secure connection.
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Similarity and Difference
Article VI: New Wi-Fi Based Technology Reads Your Gestures to Control Appliances
In the article written by the PTI , they particularly discussed the ways on how the Wi-Fi can be
the source of the signal that the device can detect. The gestures that your body creates can be
detected using Wi-Fi. Similarly to the article of Hitesh Raj Bhagat & Karan Bajaj, ET, Bureau,
7 Impressive ways to use WiFi on a smartphone they also used the Wi-Fi connection in the
smartphone for transferring files from other devices. The difference is that in the article of the
PTI , they only used the Wi-Fi to detect the gestures of people while on the other hand they use
Wi-Fi for the sake of easier access to the other device for transferring files.
The similarity of Article VI to the article of Hitesh Raj Bhagat, ET Bureau
Tips to supercharge your home Wi-Fi they both need a stable internet connection and a Wi-Fi
router, placed in an appropriate location so as to allow maximum coverage. The difference is that the use
of the Wi-Fi is for Video streaming, audio streaming, data transfer, security and surveillance, wireless
printing; it's all possible over a Wi-Fi network.
In Article VIII Make your house a Wi-Fi hotspot by Kavita Kukday this application also
needed a Wi-Fi router and internet connection similar to the other topics. But the difference is
that in this article they tackled on how the Wi-Fi can covered your whole house and making it
easier to connect for internet surfing.
In Article VII Know about Wi-Fi related health risks, coral reefs and aging of birds, they
are concern about the side effects of the WiFi especially to the health of the people this is not
been tackled in the previous articles.
In article V Know the hidden risks of Wi-Fi bySUMI T DESHPANDE, ET CONTRI BUTORS
this article has some sort of similarity to the article VII which states the risks of having Wi-Fi
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connection. While the difference is that Wireless networks offer tremendous benefits, but also present
significant risks, particularly around 'end-point security.'




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End Notes
Article I: Hitesh Raj Bhagat, ET Bureau I ST, Create your own WiFi hotspot with 3G
Mar 14, 2011, 02.34am
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/wi-fi/recent/5
Article II: ET Bureau I ST, Make your own portable Wi-Fi hotspot Nov 1, 2010, 12.29am
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/wi-fi/recent/5
Article III: Kalyan Parbat, ET Bureau, Idea Cellular, Aircel, other investing in Wi-Fi
systems to improve mobile broadband coverage, Apr 5, 2013, 04.07AM I ST
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/wi-fi/recent/5
Article IV: PTI , Nokia Siemens enhances Wi-Fi residential connectivity
May 21, 2013, 10.21PM I ST
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/wi-fi/recent/5
Article V: SUMI T DESHPANDE, ET CONTRIBUTORS, Know the hidden risks of Wi-Fi
Mar 9, 2006, 01.44am IST
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/wi-fi/recent/5
Article VI: PTI , New wi-fi based technology reads your gestures to control appliances,
J un 6, 2013, 06.34PM IST
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http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/wi-fi/recent/5
Article VII: Kalyan Parbat, ET Bureau, Know about Wi-Fi related health risks, coral reefs
and aging of birds, Apr 14, 2013, 05.06AM I ST
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/wi-fi/recent/5
Article VIII: Make your house a Wi-Fi hotspot
Kavita Kukday J ul 16, 2006, 12.00am IST
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/wi-fi/recent/5
Article IX: Hitesh Raj Bhagat, ET Bureau, Tips to supercharge your home Wi-Fi
Oct 25, 2010, 03.24am IST
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/wi-fi/recent/5
Article X: Hitesh Raj Bhagat & Karan Bajaj, ET Bureau, 7 impressive ways to use WiFi on
a smartphone
Mar 27, 2013, 04.20AM I ST
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/wi-fi/recent/5