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9/19/2014

Science and
Technology
UK, USA, Mxico
Equipo 1
CULTURA INGLESA LMV N1
Holidays and
Traditions
UK, USA, Mxico
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Contents
Science & technology
U.K......1
Mexico..............2

Science and technology
U.K

England and Scotland were leading centers of the Scientific Revolution
from the 17th century and the United Kingdom led the industrial Revolution
from the 18th century, and has continued to produce scientists and
engineers credited with important advances.

Sir Isaac Newton makes the laws of motion and illumination of gravity.

The electric motor, by Michael Faraday, who largely made electricity viable
for use in technology.

The steam locomotive, By Richard Trevithick(1771-11833), and Andrew
Vivian(1759-1842).

The theory of evolution by natural selection, By Charles Darwin(1809-1882).
Is the foundation of modern biological sciences.

The first public steam railway, By George Stephenson (1781-1848).

The unification of the electromagnetism, by James Clerk Maxwell (1831-79).
He convert four simples laws in to a four Maxwells equation

-Amperes Law
-Gausss Law for electric fields
-Faradys Law
-Gausss Law for magnetic fields

The first practical telephone, pantented, by Alexander Graham Bell(1831-
79).


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The structure of DNA, by Francis Crick (1926-204).

The invention of the incandescent light bulb, by Joseph Swan (1826-1914).

The invention of the World Wide Web, by Tim Berners-Lee.


Between 2004 and 2012 the UK produced 6% of the world's scientific
research papers and had an 8% share of scientific citations, the third- and
second-highest in the world (after the United States 9% and China's 7%
respectively).




Holidays and Traditions

Mexico
Contributions
The calendar system required an advanced understanding of
mathematics. The Olmec number system was based on 20 instead of
decimal and used three symbols- a dot for one, a bar for five, and a shell-
like symbol for zero. The concept of zero is one of the Olmecs' greatest
achievements. It permitted numbers to be written by position and allowed
for complex calculations.

Vanadium is a chemical element with the symbol V and atomic number 23.
Andrs Manuel del Ro discovered compounds of vanadium in 1801 in
Mexico by analyzing a new lead-bearing mineral

Ricardo Miledi, one of the ten most quoted neuro-biologists of all time, was
born in Mexico, D.F. in 1927. His career in science began in 1955 when, just
before graduating in Medicine at the Universidad Nacional Autnoma de
Mexico (UNAM), he joined one of the most active research groups in his
country, part of the Instituto Nacional de Cardiologa (the National Institute
of Cardiology).
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In 1995 Mexican chemist Mario J. Molina shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
with Paul J. Crutzen, and F. Sherwood Rowland for their work in atmospheric
chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of
ozone. Molina, an alumnus of UNAM, became the first Mexican citizen to
win the Nobel Prize in science.
Conacyt (consejo nacional de ciencia y tecnologa) centers system is a set
of 27 research institutions covering the major fields of scientific,
technological, social and humanistic knowledge. According to its
objectives and specialties Conacyt research centers are grouped into three
main subsystems: Natural Sciences (10 centers); Social Sciences and
Humanities (8 centers); Technological Development and Services (8
centers); and one specializing in the financing of graduate studies.
Cinvestav was created in 1961 by presidential decree, as a public agency
with legal personality and assets. Its founding director, Dr. Arturo
Rosenblueth, prompted an academic requirement that has resulted in the
success of the institution. It has twenty-eight research departments that are
distributed by the nine campuses throughout Mexico