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AT THE

CROSSROADS
ENERGY AND CLIMATE POLICY SUMMIT
FOSSIL FUELS: GREENING
EARTH AND SAVING LIVES
H.LEIGHTON STEWARD
CHAIRMAN,PLANTSNEEDCO2.ORG
THE CHARGE
• CO2 IS THE MAJOR
CAUSE OF GLOBAL
CLIMATE CHANGE.
NOT PER 500 MILLION
YEARS OF PALEOCLIMATE
HISTORY!
SUN’S HEAT OCEAN CURRENTS
SUN’S MAGNETISM PLATE TECTONICS
ORBITAL ECCENTRICITY LOCATION OF CONTINENTS
EARTH’S TILT ELEVATION OF LAND MASSES
EARTH’S WOBBLE CHEMICAL WEATHERING
WATER VAPOR VOLCANISM
MORE THAN ONE CLIMATE DRIVER!
Fig 17
WATER VAPOR VOLCANISM
CARBON DIOXIDE EXTRA TERRESTRIAL IMPACTS
METHANE FAUNA AND FLORA
OZONE ALBEDO
NITROS OXIDE ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION
AEROSOLS COSMIC RAYS
With 22 climate drivers constantly operating on varying time scales, why would you
ever expect earth’s climate to remain stable? It never has! But rise or fall, someone
will use the temporary trend to scare money out of your pocket.
120 THOUSAND
400 THOUSAND
YEAR RECORD
5 MILLION
YEAR
RECORD
Once you observe that
the climate drivers
operate at time scales
that range from
immediate, like an
impact of a meteor, a
volcanic explosion, or a
change in the sun's
intensity, to influences
Climate continually
changing
120 YEAR
RECORD
120 THOUSAND
YEAR RECORD
intensity, to influences
that change over millions
of years, such as the slow
drifting of the continents,
you can understand why
Earth's climate history is
one of constant change.
2000 1980 1960 1940 1920 1900 1880
Note CO2 still climbing rapidly but Earth not warming for over a decade.
The 24/7 presence of atmospheric CO2 clearly does not have the same impact as
the understudied natural factors.
Source: Singer, 2013,
Personal comm.
Last 2000 Years
Global Temperature Reconstruction
Note the 300 year warming trend from 1715 to today, the 500+ year prior cooling trend, and the
500+ year prior warming trend, when CO2 levels are reported to have been stable at about 280
PPM until the Industrial Revolution (red dashed line).
Modified after Loehle &
McCulloch (2008)
Ice Core Analysis - Antarctica
Fig 1
MOTHER NATURE HAS BEEN IN
CHARGE AND MAN HAS NOT
WRESTED THAT AWAY FROM HER
YET- EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE!
CATASTROPHIC FORCASTS ARE
FOUND ONLY IN UN-VALIDATED
CLIMATE MODELS THAT HAVE
YET TO PREDICT EVEN THE NEAR
TERM FUTURE ACCURATELY.
BUT LOOK WHAT A REAL, WHOLE-
EARTH EXPERIMENT IS SHOWING
US.
SATELLITE DATA IS SHOWING US
THAT DESPITE ALL THE NEGATIVE THAT DESPITE ALL THE NEGATIVE
THINGS MAN HAS DONE TO
EARTH’S PRISTINE ENVIRONMENT,
SHE HAS BEEN GETTING GREENER
AND GREENER AND STILL
GREENER FOR THREE
SUCCESSIVE DECADES!
WE HAVE BEEN FEEDING THE
PLANTS, FOOD CROPS, AND TREES
MORE CO2…A REAL, ALBIET
INADVERTENT, EXPERIMENT OF
WHAT HAPPENS AS WE EMIT MORE WHAT HAPPENS AS WE EMIT MORE
CO2 TO EARTH’S ATMOSPHERE.
HABITS AND ECOSYSTEMS ARE
BECOMING MORE ROBUST PER
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE.
OVER 5,300 REAL, NOT MODELED,
STUDIES BY THE WORLD’S
AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY
DEMONSTRATE WHAT WOULD
HAPPEN IF WE SIMPLY ALLOW HAPPEN IF WE SIMPLY ALLOW
CO2 LEVELS TO INCREASE BY
ANOTHER 300 PPM.
Climate change reconsidered, 2009, Heartland Institute
Mean % Increase Number of Studies Mean % Increase Number of Studies
Growth Response to 300 ppmAddition CO
2
Total studies 746
= One of eight most consumed food crops in the world.
Average growth increase for the 8 food is 39.3%.
Cassava 73.5 2
Additional Growth Enhancement Examples
Mean Percentage
Increase
Number of
Studies
VEGETABLES
Beet 79.5 24
Broccoli 28.8 5
Cabbage 28.8 5
Mean %
Increase
Number of
Studies
FRUITS
Pineapple 5.0 2
Sweet Orange
38.5 2
Mango 36.0 1
Peach Tree 27.8 4
Cassava 73.5 2
Coffee 175.5 2
Cucumber 53.1 7
Eggplant 41.0 1
Black-eyed
Pea
83.7 3
Radish 75.3 18
Peach Tree 27.8 4
Plantain
Banana
46.2 11
TREES
Sugar Maple 48.3 12
Red Alder 34.5 6
White Poplar
43.9 14
Mesquite 37.7 13
White Oak 146.7 6
Fig 19
Dr. Sherwood Idso, Research Physicist with the U.S. Department
of Agriculture’s Research Service at the U.S. Water Conservation
Service laboratory in Phoenix, Arizona, holding ambient and CO
2
enrichment signs above two year old Eldarica pines. Imagine
Earth’s forests and ecosystems in a CO
2
enriched future.
Earth’s Atmospheric CO
2
History
C
O
2

i
n

p
p
m
400 500
Most plants evolved when CO2 levels were much higher. Not unexpectedly, they are
responding well to increased CO2 and greening the Earth.
CO
2
Is Not A Pollutant!
CO
2
Is In Our Every Breath – 390 ppm Inhaled &
40,000 ppm Exhaled
US Navy allows 8,000 ppm for 90 Days
NASA Allows 5,000 ppm for Three Years!
Victims needing CPR Get 40,000 ppm For Up to an Victims needing CPR Get 40,000 ppm For Up to an
Hour – No Ill Effects
Not enough fossil fuels left to raise CO2 level to
thousands of ppms.
CO
2
A Pollutant? Not!
Great News for Earth! Empirical Evidence
Shows Man-Made Warming Is Not Significant
The positive fallout:
• Would be a general greening of Earth as CO2 levels rise.
• Ecosystems & habitats would become more robust.
• Plants and trees would use water more efficiently.
• Food production per acre would increase.
• Less pristine land would have to yield to the plow.
• Trillions would not have to be spent chasing a non-problem. • Trillions would not have to be spent chasing a non-problem.
• Subsidies for currently uneconomic, unreliable energies could be
shifted to alternative energy research.
• Economic recovery would be faster and stronger.
• Fewer jobs and industries would move overseas.
• We could stop paying countries for having sent them CO2 which
provided them more food production for decades.
H. Leighton Steward, Chairman
PlantsNeedCO2.org and
CO2isgreen.org
WITH 80% OF THE US POPULATION POLLING
THAT THEY ARE ENVIRONMENTALISTS,
INCLUDING REPUBLICANS, DEMOCRATS,
AND INDEPENDANTS, REMEMBER TO
ALWAYS TELL THEM THE REST OF THE
STORY.
THEY THINK OUR PRESIDENT IS AN
ENVIRONMENTALIST WHEN, IF HE COULD
ACTUALLY REDUCE CO2 TO PRE-INDUSTRIAL
LEVELS, WOULD BROWN THE EARTH AND
STARVE MILLIONS OF ADDITIONAL PEOPLE.
ALSO REMEMBER, POVERTY IS THE
GREATEST KILLER OF ALL AND THE
POOREST NATIONS HAVE THE WORST
ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICES.
DO NOT DEPRIVE THOSE POOR
NATIONS, OR THE REST OF THE
WORLD, OF FOSSIL FUELS THAT
PROVIDE THE LEAST EXPENSIVE,
MOST RELIABLE ENERGY.
True Environmentalists, Where Are You?
• Empirical Evidence From Studying Both Current And
Historical CO2 And Temperature Relationships Falsifies The
Hypothesis That CO2 Is Or Has Been A Major Driver Of
Earth’s Temperature Or Climate.
• That The Warmists-Alarmists Are Constantly “No-Shows” In
Public Debates With Scientists Who, Armed With Real, Not Public Debates With Scientists Who, Armed With Real, Not
Un-Validated Model Arguments, Tells You Where The Real
Data Resides.
• Yet All The Non-Scientific Public Hears On This Issue Is From
A Catastrophe-Loving Media And Five Other Groups That
Derive Financial Or Promotional Benefits By Perpetuating
The Hoax.
Recent Surveys
New York Times (Fall of 2010)
25% of 571 radio and TV weather forecasters said they
thought the man-made global warming hypothesis was
a SCAM!
Scientific American (Fall of 2010)
A very popular magazine with American scientists.
77% surveyed said climate change is by natural causes 77% surveyed said climate change is by natural causes
91% said climate scientists should discuss scientific
uncertainties in public forums.
83% said IPCC is a corrupt organization prone to group-
think and with a political agenda.
Observation: Scientists have seen through this scam.
However, the public, misled by the media, still
generally believes that man-made CO2 is the major
cause of warming.
Briton’s Lord Lawson’s “Wicked Orthodoxy”-
5/5/2014
•“The latest IPCC report ramps up alarmism yet its justifying
evidence simply isn’t there.”
•“IPCC’s report admits careful studies show no increase in
frequency or severity of extreme weather events - floods,
droughts & tropical storms and a massive reduction in
related deaths worldwide.”
droughts & tropical storms and a massive reduction in
related deaths worldwide.”
•“IPCC fails to account for the most important dimension of
health - poverty.”
•“Using the cheapest source of energy provides the fastest
elimination of poverty.”
•“Is all renewable energy clean when the largest source
today is biomass & burning dung which alone causes at least
a million deaths a year?”
Lord Lawson’s Wicked Orthodoxy Continued
• “Climate models are scarcely worth the codes they are
written on and their predictions vs. empirical results
continue to widen.”
• “IPCC fails to make any assessment of adverse impacts
of a decarbonization policy which would be far worse
than any impact from global warming.”
• “World governments are now gradually watering down • “World governments are now gradually watering down
or even abandoning their decarbonization ambitions.”
• “What moves me the most is that policies invoked in its
(decarbonization’s) name are grossly immoral and in the
UK, have devised a blatant transfer of wealth from the
poor to the rich- money for wind farms and one of the
most expensive forms of electricity known to man.”
• “Global warming orthodoxy is not merely irrational. It is
wicked”
Are Fossil Fuels Dirty?
• They furnish reliable energy; from electricity to transportation fuels.
Consider the pre-Industrial Revolution Earth:
• Most water polluted & dysentery common. Foods not refrigerated
and poisoning common.
• No wide distribution of medical supplies. Remote location’s had
none.
• Reusable syringes inadequately washed & reused.
• No early storm warnings for coastal areas or ships at sea.
• No swift transportation to escape harm.
• No air conditioning to keep you healthy.
• 98% more deaths from extreme heat or cold. • 98% more deaths from extreme heat or cold.
• No powerful machines to plant & harvest crops.
• Streets mostly mud and manure.
• Travel overseas not possible for 99% of population.
• Plant kingdom had much less food-CO2!
• Slave labor and abject poverty common- Changed with mechanical
energy.
• For billions, much is still true.
• Should we deny use of fossil fuels because some un-validated
computer models protect possible harmful effects from rising, non-
polluting CO2 that enriches habitats and ecosystems and feeds the
undernourished?
Alex Epstein and H. Leighton
Steward
Ocean Acidification
•Oceans are alkaline, not acidic. You can’t make them more acidic
until they become acidic. “More acidic” is a scaremongering term.
•There are not enough fossil fuels on Earth to turn the oceans
acidic.
•The slight reduction in ocean pH, despite a rise of 40% in CO2, has
seen the coccoliths, which comprise a third of the calcareous life
forms in the oceans, increase their mass by 40% in just 220 years.
•Analysis of the database of 1398 studies, the largest in the world, •Analysis of the database of 1398 studies, the largest in the world,
shows a net positive impact from the slight reduction in ocean pH.
Seagrass growth increases 50% with a further decrease in pH.
•Essentially all marine organisms have adaptive abilities to
reasonable reductions in ocean alkalinity.
•The center for CO2 science sees no support for a catastrophic
future for marine life.
•A paleontological look-back of 1.8 million years when CO2 levels
were lower than today, shows growth rates 31% higher in today’s
elevated CO2 environment.