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TUGAS I Name :
Mata Kuliah : Reading II
Tutor : Febrina Carolina Sandra
Tanggal : 21 September 2014
Waktu : 50 menit


A MURDER MYSTERY : THE CRITIC IN THE STORM
Edward Grimsley, the world-famous detective,
was spending his vacation on a small Caribbean
island. There were beautiful beaches and
facilities for water sports and other recreation
near his hotel. In addition, at Grimsleys hotel
there was a meeting of people in the restaurant
business. Thus, because Grimsley enjoyed good
food almost as much as he enjoyed a good
mystery, the island was the perfect place for
Grimsleys vacation. The only disadvantage was
the time of year; the hurricane season.
On Grimsleys second night at the hotel, a
powerful storm hit the sleepy little island. Strong
winds and heavy rains chased the tourists inside,
and as a result most people were sitting
nervously in their rooms. Therefore, Grimsley
was surprised by the knock on his door at 11.00
p.m., at the height of the hurricane.
The hotel manager was standing there.
He looked worried. His hands were shaking, and
he was biting his lips. The wind outside was very
loud; thus, when he spoke, he had to shout.
Mr. Grimsley, he said, we have a
problem here at the hotel. I know this is your
vacation, but you are a detective, and I hope you
can help us. A hotel guest died this evening: Mr.
Ambrose Pennwright.

The famous food critic? asked Grimsley.
Well, well. Mr. Pennwright is er, was- quite
well-known for his newspaper articles about
restaurants. This is very interesting. How did he
die?
The manager shrugged his shoulders and
looked a little lost. Of course, he said, Its
possible that he had a heart attack. But Im afraid
that possibly someone murdered him. The
telephone lines are down from the storm, so we
cant call the police yet. Can you help us?
Grimsley followed the manager to the
room of the unfortunate restaurant critic.
Ambrose Pennwrights very large body was lying
face down on the floor next to a small table. A
bottle of wine, a glass, a plate with cheese, some
caviar, and a butter knife were on the table, but
there did not seem to be a gun, a sharp knife, or
any other weapon anywhere. Nothing in the room
seemed out of place, but Grimsley felt there was
something strange about the atmosphere. He
examined the body for a minute, and he saw that
Pennwright was not bleeding. There was a very
small piece of caviar on the critics lower lip.
Who found the body? Grimsley asked
the manager. And who last saw him alive?
Please come with me, the manager said.
There are several people in my office. You ought
to discuss the situation with them.
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Pilihlah
(A) Jika pernyataan 1 dan 2 benar
(B) Jika pernyataan 1 dan 3 benar
(C) Jika pernyataan 2 dan 3 benar
(D) Jika pernyataan 1,2, dan 3 benar

1. Edward Grimsley (.)
a. Was a detective
b. Enjoyed mysteries
c. Was on the vacation
2. The advantages of the Caribbean island were (..)
a. The beaches
b. The time of year
c. The recreational facilities
3. The manager thought that possibly Ambrose Pennwright (.)
a. Was still alive
b. Was killed
c. Had a heart attack
4. Ambrose Pennwright was ()
a. Dead
b. Bleeding
c. Famous as a food critic
5. In Pennswrights room , Grimsley (.)
a. Saw nothing out of place
b. Felt something strange about the atmosphere
c. Saw a piece of caviar on Pennwrighs lip


One survival strategy, the snakes have developed is hibernation. For approximately eight months of the year, the
rattles remain motionless in deep frost free crevices, with their body temperature dropping as low as 40 degrees. In
the spring, when they came out, they must warm their chilled bodies by sunning for three or four days on rocks in the
open. This behavior, combined with the fact that Timber rattlesnakes tend to concentrate in large number at their
wintering sites, makes them easy prey. Gestating females are particularly vulnerable because they spend much of
their time lying in the sun in order to produce live young from eggs. In addition, females have very long inter-birth
intervals, producing live young only every three to five years. If a frost or cold spell comes late in the year, the entire
litter of 6 to 12 young may die.

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6. A person might find Timber rattlesnakes in the spring
a. In open meadows
b. In the forest
c. In deep cravices
d. In cave
7. The contribution to the gestating females being an endangered animal is because of
a. Having long intervals between births
b. Producing live young every three to five years
c. Their tendency to concentrate in large number at their wintering sites
d. Lying in the sun
8. Female rattles are more vulnerable than male because they..
a. Sit on their eggs long under the sun
b. Are not very strong
c. Lie in the rocks in the open
d. Above the all
9. To survive at their wintering sites, rattlesnakes would
a. Sleep during spring
b. Sleep during winter
c. Concentrate in large number
d. Warm their bodies in caves
10, 11, 12. Read boths articles and find where you think these articles has got mixed with the other. (Please give the
underline on that part). (2 points each number)
How does your stomach work?

The stomach is part of the digestive system, from being
a kids body to an adults body that eat food, get nutrients
from it, and pass the waste out. After you chew and
swallow your food, hairs start sprouting in all sorts of
places in to your stomach.
This is where the food gets churned and mushed into a
liquid mixture. On the outside, your stomach has strong
muscles to mash food. Inside, its full of acids and gastric
juice that break food down into bits.
Food spends two to four hours inside your stomach, that
you get upset more easily to go into your intestines.
Thats where nutrients are removed from the food.
Puberty

Puberty in when your body start changing which has all
the parts of your body. Lots of different things can
happen your voice might start making all kind of strange
noises, it travels through a tube called the esophagus,
you want to sleep a lot, your clothes dont fit all of a
sudden- to girls a couple of years before it happens to
boys, which can make things even weirder. There are
often emotional changes, too, so you might be
particularly grouchy, or find until its mushy enough. It
helps to remember that the stuff youre going through is
normal, and everyones dealing with it.

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Young Fishermen Labor on Isolated Wooden Piers
By Karen Fanning
After laboring for months on a rickety fishing pier stranded in the middle of
the ocean, Sudarnoso couldn't wait to wrap his arms around his parents. But,
when he finally reached his tiny village in Sumatra, Indonesia, the 14-year-
old found nothing but an empty house.
"While I was working, my parents moved away," says Sudarnoso, who now
lives with his uncle. "I don't know why they moved. I haven't spoken to them
for seven months, since I left to work."
Desperately poor, thousands of children like Sudarnoso work on
Indonesia's jermals, or fish factories built several miles off the Indonesian
coast. For endless hours each day, they labor under the blazing sun,
catching, sorting, and boiling fish. As they hoist gigantic fishing nets from the
ocean, young fishermen dodge the angry waves swirling around them. At
night, they sleep in rusted metal shacks that sit on run-down piers
surrounded by water.
"Working on the jermal is heavy, hot, scary work," says Sudarnoso, who
labored 12 hours a day, every day, for seven straight months. "I didn't like the waves, the winds, and the storms. I
was afraid the jermal would break because it would shake so much."
For his backbreaking labor, Sudarnoso earned just $9 a month. He's one of the lucky ones. More than 30 percent of
children never pocket a penny for work that often leaves their spirits battered and their bodies beaten.
"Once, while I was drilling, I couldn't hold on to the drill anymore, and it came back and hit my arm," says Sudarnoso.
"I got some bruises."
Some kids lose fingernails. Others suffer stings from jellyfish and sea snakes tangled
in the nets. With nothing but aspirin and bandages to nurse their wounds, children
must stomach their pain.
Some children try to escape the misery, only to be swallowed by fierce tides. With no
life jackets on board, many children drown while struggling to swim to freedom.
Others, like 15-year-old Yuliagi, long to leave, but simply are too frightened. Instead,
they remain prisoners in the middle of the ocean.
"I'm sad because all day and all night, we just work," says Yuliagi, whose home, for
now, is a shack on a rickety jermal. "But the boss said I couldn't go home; they would catch me and bring me to
another fishing pier."
While Yuliagi struggles to survive at sea, Sudarnoso is back home, safe from the assault of pounding waves and
angry foremen. Still, the young boy's heart is filled with sorrow for the family he yearns to see.
"I miss my parents," he says. "I feel very sad. I want to follow my parents, but I don't know where they are."


Sudarnoso at home in his village.
(Photo: Robin Romano)



Click on the image to see
more photos of jermals.
(Photo: Robin Romano)

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13. What does Sudarsono look for?

______________________________________________________________________________________

14. How long does Sudarsono work everyday?

_____________________________________________________________________________________

15. What is jermal work like?

______________________________________________________________________________________
16. How do the labors nurse their wound?

______________________________________________________________________________________
17. What will the employers do to the labors who escape?


Mrs Anne Sterling did not think of the risk she was taking when she ran through a forest after two men. They had
rushed up to her while she was having a picnic at the edge of a forest with her children and tried to steal her handbag.
In the struggle, the strap broke and, with the bag in their possession, both men started running through the trees. Mrs
Sterling got so angry that she ran after them. She was soon out of breath, but she continued to run. When she caught
up with them, she saw that they had sat down and were going through the contents of the bag, so she ran straight at
them. The men got such a fright that they dropped the bag and ran away. 'The strap needs mending,' said Mrs
Sterling later, 'but they did not steal anything.'

Answers this following question and use the proper connectors (and, or, so)
18. Did they take the bag after a struggle or not? Where did they run? (and)



19. Had the men sat down or not? What were they doing? (and)



20. What did Mrs. Sterling do? What did they do? (So)