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KVS Junior Mathematics Olympiad (JMO) – 2002

M.M. 100 Time : 3 hours
Note : (i) Please check that there are two printed pages and 10 questions in the
question paper.
(ii) Attempt all questions.
1. Fill in the blanks
(a) Yash is carrying 100 hundred ru!ee notes" #0 $i$ty ru!ee notes" %0
t&enty ru!ee notes" 10 ten ru!ee notes and # $i'e(ru!ee notes. The
total amount o$ money he is carrying in )u!ee" is ****.
(b) +n a school" the ratio o$ boys to girls is ,:3 and the ratio o$ girls to
teachers is - :1. The ratio o$ students to teachers is ***
(c) The 'alue o$
%
# . 0
1
# . 0 





+
is ****.
(d) (1%3,#.)
%
/ 1%3,#. / 1%3,#0 is the s1uare o$ ***
(e) The area o$ s1uare is %# s1uare centimeters. +n !erimeter" in centimeters"
is *****.
%. (a) 2o& many $our digit numbers can be $ormed using the digits 1"% only so
that each o$ these digits is used at least once 3
(b) Find the greatest number o$ $our digits &hich &hen increased by 1 is e4actly
di'isible by %" 3" ," #" . and 0.
5
6 )
3. (a) +$ $(4) 7 a4
0
/ b4
#
/ c4
3
." and $((8) 7 3" $ind $(8).
(b) Find the 'alue o$
) 1000 ( 4 ) 100% ( 4 3
) 1000 ( ) 100% ( ) %00% (
3 3 3
− −
,.(a) +$ 4 9 0 and
,0
4
1
4
,
,
= +
" $ind the 'alue o$
3
3
4
1
4 +
(b) +$ -
%4
7 1.
1(%4
" $ind the 'alue o$ 3
04
.
#. : train" a$ter tra'eling 00 km $rom a station : to&ards a station ;" de'elo!s a
$ault in the engine at <" and co'ers the remaining =ourney to ; at
,
3
o$ its
earlier s!eed and arri'es at ; 1 hour and %0 minutes late. +$ the $ault had
de'elo!ed 3# km $urther on at >" it &ould ha'e arri'ed %0 minutes sooner. Find
the s!eed o$ the train and the distance $rom : to ;.
: < > ;
.. The ad=oining diagram sho&s a s1uare ?@)6 &ith each side o$ length 10
cm. Triangle ?@T is e1uilateral. Find the area o$ the triangle 5@).
? @
T
: s1uare o$ side length ., cm is gi'en. : second s1uare is obtained by
connecting the mid !oints o$ the sides o$ the $irst s1uare (as sho&n in the
diagram). +$ the !rocess o$ $orming smaller inner s1uares by connecting the mid
!oints o$ the sides o$ the !re'ious s1uares is continued" &hat &ill be the side(
length o$ the ele'enth s1uare" counting the original s1uare as the $irst s1uare 3
0. 6e'en cubes o$ he same siAe are glued together $ace to $ace as sho&n in
the ad=oining diagram. Bhat is the sur$ace area" in s1uare centimeters" o$ the
solid i$ its 'olume is ,,- cubic centimeters 3
-. :nil" ;ha'na" <hintoo" >olly and Cash&ar !lay a game in &hich each is
either a FDE or a ):;;+T. FDEC6F statements are al&ays $alse and
):;;+T6F statements are al&ays true.
:nil says that ;ha'na is a ):;;+T.
<hintoo says that >olly is a FDE.
Cash&ar says that :nil is not a FDE.
;ha'na says that <hintoo is not a ):;;+T.
>olly says that Cash&ar and :nil are di$$erent kinds o$ animals.
2o& many FDEC6 are there 3 (Gusti$y your ans&er).
10. The accom!anying diagram is a road(!lan o$ a city. :ll the roads go east(
&est or north(south" &ith the e4ce!tion o$ one sho&n. >ue to re!airs one road is
im!assable at the !oint E" o$ all the !ossible routes $rom ? to @" there are se'eral
shortest routes. 2o& many such shortest routes are there 3

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