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BS 5950-2000 Example 002

SQUARE TUBE MEMBER UNDER COMPRESSION & BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The frame object axial and moment strengths are tested in this example.
A continuous column is subjected to factored loads and moments N =640 kN;
Mx =10.5 kN-m; My =0.66 kN-m. The moment on the column is caused by
eccentric beam connections. This example was tested using the BS 5950-2000
steel frame design code. The design capacities are compared with independent
hand calculated results.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING













H =5 m





TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section compactness check (compression & bending)
Member compression capacity
Section bending capacity
Material Properties
E = 205000 MPa
v = 0.3
G = 78846.15 MPa


Loading

N = 640 kN
Mx = 10.5 kN-m
My = 0.66 kN-m


Design Properties
Y
s
=355 MPa

Section A-A
N
M
x

M
y

H
A A
BS 5950-2000 Example 002 - 1
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RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are taken from Example 15 on page 83 of the SCI Publication
P326, Steelwork Design Guide to BS5950-1:2000 Volume 2: Worked Examples
by M.D. Heywood & J .B. Lim.
Output Parameter ETABS Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Class 1 Class 1 0.00%
Axial Capacity,
N
c
(kN)
773.2 773.2 0.00%
Bending Capacity,
M
c
(kN-m)
68.3 68.3 0.00%

COMPUTER FILE: BS 5950-2000 EX002
CONCLUSION
The results show an exact comparison with the independent results.
BS 5950-2000 Example 002 - 2
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HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material:
E = 205000 MPa
G = 78846.15 MPa
Y
s
= 355 MPa
1.0 355MPa = =
y s
Y
Section: RHS 150x150x6.3:
A
g
= 3580 mm
2

D = B = 150 mm, T=t = 6.3 mm
3 3 150 2 6.3 131.1mm = = = = = b B t d D T
r
33
= 58.4483 mm
Z
33
= 163,066.7 mm
3
S
33
= 192,301.5 mm
3


Loadings:
N = 640 kN
M
x
= 10.5 kN-m
M
y
= 0.66 kN-m
F
v33
= M
x
/H = 10.5 / 5 = 2.1 kN

Section Compactness:
1
640
0.002183
131 6.3 355
y
P
r
dt
= = =


275 275
0.880
355
y

= = =

BS 5950-2000 Example 002 - 3
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Localized Buckling for Flange:
131.1
20.81
6.3
= = =
b
T

131.1
28 80 28 0.880 80 0.880
6.3
= < = <
p
d
t

24.6 49.6 = <
p

20.81 24.6 = < =
p
, No localized flange buckling
Flange is Compact.
Localized Buckling for Web:
131.1
20.81
6.3
= = =
d
t
:
1
64 64 0.88
40 40 0.88 56.3 35.2
1 0.6 1 0.6 0.002183

= < = < = >
+ +
p
r

So 35.2 =
p

20.81 35.2 = < =
p
, No localized web buckling
Web is compact.
Section is Compact.
Member Compression Capacity:
33 33 33
22 33
33 33
1.0 5000
85.546
58.4483

= = = = =
e
l K l
r r

{ }
22 33
max , 85.546 = =
2 2
205000
0.2 0.2 15.1
355

= = =

o
y
E

Robertson Constant: a = 2.0 (from Table VIII-3 for Rolled Box Section in CSI
code documentation)
Perry Factor: ( ) ( )
0
0.001 0.001 2 85.546 15.1 0.141 = = = a
BS 5950-2000 Example 002 - 4
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Euler Strength:
2 2
2 2
205000
276.5
85.546

= = =

E
E
MPa
( ) ( )
1 355 0.141 1 276.5
355.215MPa
2 2
+ + + +
= = =
y E

2 2
276.5 355
215.967MPa
335.215 335.215 276.5 355


= = =
+ +
E y
c
E y

3580 215.967
c g c
N A = =
773.2kN
c
N =
Section Shear Capacity:
1.0 275MPa = =
y s
Y
2
150
3580 1790mm
150 150

= = =

+ +

v g
D
A A
D B

2
0.6 0.6 355 1790
v y v
P A = =
381.3kN =
v
P
Section Bending Capacity:
With Shear Reduction
0.6 228.8kN 2.1kN = > =
v v
P F
So no shear reduction is needed in calculating the bending capacity.
33 33
1.2 355 192,301.5 1.2 355 163,066.7 = =
c y y
M S Z
68.3kN-m 69.5kN-m =
c
M
68.3kN-m =
c
M
With LTB Reduction
Not considered since the section is square.
BS 5950-2000 Example 002 - 5