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Civil Engineering Dept. S N.

Patel Institute of Technology & Research Center | i



ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We are taking this opportunity to express our heartfelt gratitude towards the Department of
CIVIL ENGG, SITARAMBHAI NARANJI PATEL Institute of Technology and Research
Center UMRAKH that gave us an opportunity for performing of our project in their esteemed
organization.
It is privilege for us to have been deeply indebted to Mr. Urvesh Barot & Mr. Keyur Shah
Assistant Professor, our advisor and guide & Mr. Hemal.J.Shah, for the motivation,
guidance, tutelage and patience throughout the research work. We have been greatly
benefited by their valuable suggestions and ideas. It is great pleasure that we express our
deep sense of gratitude to words their valuable guidance, constant encouragement and
patience throughout this work.
We express our gratitude to Dr. Neeraj Sharma[Head of Department Civil Engineering for
his constant encouragement and support and also thankful to people who have contributed in
their own way to make project success.
We take this opportunity to thank all the classmates for their company during the course of
work and for useful discussions that we have done with them under these responsibility and
talented personalities we were efficiently able to complete our project in time with success.
Patel Priyank J.
Chhaya Parth R.
Reni Thankachan.
Desai Karnakumar N.




Civil Engineering Dept. S N.Patel Institute of Technology & Research Center | ii

ABSTRACT
Our problem is User Defined Problem (UDP) and that is Ductile Design of High-rise
structure. This relates to the planning & design of High-rise residential building and
application of ductility approach to make it earthquake resistant as per IS 1893, IS 456, IS
13920. It is to be noted that the actual practice of carrying out earthquake resistant
construction varies from country to country and from time to time.If ductile members are
used to form a structure, the structure can undergo large deformations before failure. This is
beneficial to the users of the structure without collapse.
This project aims towards the design of various structural members. The members should
cast monolithically in single operation and the joint between them acts as rigid. The behavior
of structure should be such that it could survive all the possible loads with least damage.
Projects consists of planning, detailing and designing of all possible structural components
manually as well as using software ETAES-9.7.1 and prepare detail drawing sheet for each
and present it in report form.
Project work proves that ETABS is one of the software which can replace regular analysis
practice consist fast & reliable one.
Details of components should be made with manual practice because software are having
trouble some.



Civil Engineering Dept. S N.Patel Institute of Technology & Research Center | iii

LIST OF TABLES
Table
No
Description Page
No
1 Assumptions table 18
2 Storey numbering 19
3 Self-weight of slab 21
4 Slab for terrace 21
5 Slab for typical 22
6 Design for two way slab 23
7 Schedule of two way slab 29
8 Design of one way slab 30
9 Schedule of one way slab 34
10 Main beam self-weight 34
11 Loads transferred from slab to beam 35
12 Total load on beam (terrace) 36
13 Total load on beam (typical) 37
14 Design & Schedule of beam 41
15 Design of Columns 43
16 Schedule of columns 46
17 Design of footing for column 49
18 Schedule for footings 50


Civil Engineering Dept. S N.Patel Institute of Technology & Research Center | iv


LIST OF FIGURES
Figure
No
Description Page
No
1.1 Building performance due to earthquake 1
3.1 Anchorage bar beam 10
3.2 Lap, splices in beam 11
3.3 Beam reinforcement 12
3.4 Columns joint in beam 14
3.5 Provision of Special Confining Reinforcement in
Footings
15
4 General layout of building
4 Lay-out of roof slab
4 Lay-out of typical floor slab
4.1 Reinforcement Details of Two-way slab 28
4.2 Reinforcement Details of One-way slab 33
5.2.1 ETABS Application of grid 57
5.2.2 Defining of material properties 58
5.2.3 Defining of beam & columns 58
5.2.4 Plan of Building in ETABS 60
5.2.5 Defining of slab 60
5.2.6 Applying a wall load on structural members 61
5.2.7 Applying a wind load on structural members 61
5.2.8 Applying earthquake load 62
5.2.9 Defining all static load combinations 62
5.2.1 Building layout of frame 63
Civil Engineering Dept. S N.Patel Institute of Technology & Research Center | v

5.3.2 Deflection due to dead load 66
5.3.3 Deflection due to wind load 67
5.3.4 B.M diagram due to dead load 68
5.3.5 S.F diagram due to dead load 69
5.3.6 B. M. diagram of wind load 70
5.3.7 Extrusion view of building 71
5.4.1 Design value in form of area of steel in elevation 72
5.4.2 Moment diagram of elevation due to dead load 73
5.4.3 Moment diagram of elevation due to wind load 74
5.4.4 Axial force due to wind load 75
5.4.5 Diagram for beam 77
5.4.6 Details for single beam 78



Civil Engineering Dept. S N.Patel Institute of Technology & Research Center | vi

LIST OF SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS AND NOMENCLATURE

Abbreviations Symbol name
l length between centre lines of the column
l
e
effective length of span
A
st
area of uniformly distributed vertical reinforcement
W seismic weight of the building
d base dimension of the building
E
s
elastic modulus of the equivalent strut
I
c
moment of inertia of the column
h height of column between centerlines of beams
t thickness
M
x,c
maximum uniaxial bending moment capacity along x
M
y
,
c
maximum uniaxial bending moment capacity along y
P axial load on the member
f
ck
characteristic compressive strength of concrete cube
f
y
yield stress of steel
c shear strength of concrete

v
nominal shear stress
Civil Engineering Dept. S N.Patel Institute of Technology & Research Center | vii

V
u
factored shear force
V
us
shear force to be resisted by reinforcement

max
Maximum displacement of a building floor

avg
Average displacements of two extreme points of a
Displacement ductility ratio