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# Converting Binary to Decimal Number System.

## Method or Steps for converting Binary to Decimal Number System.

While converting the binary number system to decimal number system we will
have to do the following steps in sequence.
Step 1: Multiply each bit by its base value (2) by placing the powers from
LSB to MSB
Step 2: Add the obtained result to get its decimal value.
Example:
1101(2) ?(10)
1 x 2
3
+ 1 x 2
2
+ 0 x 2
1
+ 1 x 2
0

1 x 8 + 1 x 4 + 0 x 2 + 1 x 1
8 + 4 + 0 + 1
13(10)
Solve:
111011(2) ?(10) 10101(2) ?(10)
1100(2) ?(10) 10001(2) ?(10)

Converting Binary fractions to Decimal fractions.

Method or Steps for converting Binary fractions to Decimal fractions.
While converting the binary fractions to decimal fractions we will have to do the
following steps in sequence.
Step 1: Multiply each bit by its base value (2) by placing the negative
powers from MSB to LSB starting from binary point.
Step 2: Add the obtained result to get its decimal fractional value.
Example:
101.1101(2) ?(10)
1 x 2
2
+ 0 x 2
1
+ 1 x 2
0
+ 1 x 2
-1
+ 1 x 2
-2
+ 0 x 2
-3
+ 1 x 2
-4

1 x 4 + 0 x 2 + 1 x 1 + 1 x

+ 1 x

+ 0 x

+ 1 x

4 + 0 + 1 + 0 + 0.5 + 0.25 + 0 + 0.0625
5.8125(10)
Solve:
111.011(2) ?(10) 1010.111(2) ?(10)
110.101(2) ?(10) 10.001(2) ?(10)
Converting Octal to Decimal Number System.

Method or Steps for converting Octal to Decimal Number System.
While converting the octal number system to decimal number system we will
have to do the following steps in sequence.
Step 1: Multiply each digit by its base value (8) by placing the powers from
LSB to MSB
Step 2: Add the obtained result to get its decimal value.
Example:
4123(8) ?(10)
4 x 8
3
+ 1 x 8
2
+ 2 x 8
1
+ 3 x 8
0

4 x 512 + 1 x 64 + 2 x 8 + 3 x 1
2048 + 64 + 16 + 3
2131(10)
Solve:
5544(8) ?(10) 3124(8) ?(10)
101(8) ?(10) 711(8) ?(10)

Converting Octal fractions to Decimal fractions.

Method or Steps for converting Octal fractions to Decimal fractions.
While converting the octal fractions to decimal fractions we will have to do the
following steps in sequence.
Step 1: Multiply each digit by its base value (8) by placing the negative
powers from MSB to LSB starting from octal point.
Step 2: Add the obtained result to get its decimal fractional value.
Example:
20.1123(8) ?(10)
2 x 8
1
+ 0 x 8
0
+ 1 x 8
-1
+ 1 x 8
-2
+ 2 x 8
-3
+ 3 x 8
-4

2 x 8 + 0 x 1 + 1 x

+ 1 x

+ 2 x

+ 3 x

16 + 0 + 0.125 + 0.015625 + 0.00390625 + 0.000732421875
16.145263671875(10)
Solve:
55.44(8) ?(10) 3124(8) ?(10)
101.201(8) ?(10) 711.77(8) ?(10)
Converting Hexadecimal to Decimal Number System.

Method or Steps for converting Hexadecimal to Decimal Number System.
While converting the hexadecimal number system to decimal number system
we will have to do the following steps in sequence.
Step 1: Multiply each digit by its base value (16) by placing the powers
from LSB to MSB
Step 2: Add the obtained result to get its decimal value.
Example:
4123(16) ?(10)
4 x 16
3
+ 1 x 16
2
+ 2 x 16
1
+ 3 x 16
0

4 x 4096 + 1 x 256 + 2 x 16 + 3 x 1
16384 + 256 + 32 + 3
16675(10)
Solve:
DEAF(16) ?(10) 3129(16) ?(10)
191(16) ?(10) 911(16) ?(10)

Converting Hexadecimal fractions to Decimal fractions.

Method or Steps for converting Hexadecimal fractions to Decimal fractions.
While converting the hexadecimal fractions to decimal fractions we will have to
do the following steps in sequence.
Step 1: Multiply each digit by its base value (16) by placing the negative
powers from MSB to LSB starting from hexadecimal point.
Step 2: Add the obtained result to get its decimal fractional value.
Example:
20.1123(16) ?(10)
2 x 16
1
+ 0 x 16
0
+ 1 x 16
-1
+ 1 x 16
-2
+ 2 x 16
-3
+ 3 x 16
-4

2 x 16 + 0 x 1 + 1 x

+ 1 x

+ 2 x

+ 3 x

32 + 0 + 0.0625 + 0.00390625 + 0.00048828125 + 0.0000457763671875
32.0669406076171875(10)
Solve:
55.44(16) ?(10) 31.24(16) ?(10)
ACE.201(16) ?(10) 711.77(16) ?(10)