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# Section A [45 marks]

## Answer all questions in this section.

1. For a particular set of observations, fx
2
= 198, f = 20, f(x x )
2
= 29.80. Fin
(a) t!e "ean an stanar eviation of t!e istribution [5 marks]
(b) t!e nu"erical value of f(x # 1)
2
. [2 marks]
2. \$!e table belo% s!o%s t!e nu"ber of "en in various &roups in a villa&e.
'&e((ears) 1) # 20 21 # *0 *1 # 40 41 # 50 51 # )0 )1 # 90
Fre+uenc( 12 15 2, *) 24 1)
(a) -ra% a !isto&ra" for t!e ata s!o%n in t!e table. [2 marks]
(b) .( usin& t!e !isto&ra" ra%n in (a) or ot!er%ise, esti"ate t!e "eian,
first +uartile an t!ir +uartile. [* marks]
*. .( usin& a suitable /0-123 or ot!er%ise, calculate t!e "ean an stanar
eviation for t!e ata in t!e table belo%. 4sti"ate t!e "eian, correct to 4
si&nificant fi&ures.
5en&t! (c") Fre+uenc(
0.000001 # 0.000005 10
0.00000) # 0.000010 12
0.000011 # 0.000015 14
0.00001) # 0.000020 8
0.000021 # 0.000025 4
0.00002) # 0.0000*0 1*
0.0000*1 # 0.0000*5 12
0.0000*) # 0.000040 11
0.000041 # 0.000045 1)
[12 marks]
4. -isco li&!ts are arran&e in a vertical line. 6o% "an( ifferent arran&e"ents
can be "ae fro" * blue, 4 pin7 an 5 re li&!ts if
(a) all 12 li&!ts are use, [1 marks]
(b) at least 11 li&!ts are use, [* marks]
(c) onl( 10 li&!ts are use, [* marks]
5. 4vents ' an . are suc! t!at 8(') =
12
5
, 8('9.:) =
4
*
, 8('.) =
)
1
. 4valuate
(i) 8(.) [* marks]
(ii) 8('9.) [1 marks]
(iii) 8(.:9') [1 marks]
(iv) 8('.) [1 marks]
(v) 8(.:') [2 marks]
). ' transport co"pan( uses t%o t(pes of s!ips, ; an <, to transport t%o t(pes of
lo&s na"el( ' an .. ' sa"ple of 400 lo&s transporte are s!o%n in t!e table
belo%.
5o&s
=!ips
' .
; 125 45
< 105 125
1f a lo& is selecte rano"l(, %!at is t!e probabilit( t!at t!e lo& is
(a) of t(pe ' [1 marks]
(b) of t(pe . an transporte b( ; [1 marks]
(c) transporte b( s!ip < or of t(pe ' [2 marks]
() of t(pe ' &iven t!at it is transporte b( ;. [2 marks]
Section B [15 marks]
Answer one question in this section.
,. ' tea" of 4 stuents are to be selecte fro" a &roup of 14 stuents consistin& of )
"ales an 8 fe"ales. 1f ; represents t!e nu"ber of "ale stuents in t!e selecte
tea",
(a) Fin t!e probabilit( istribution of ;, [5 marks]
(b) =!o% t!at ; is a rano" variable, [2 marks]
(c) Fin 4(;) an >ar(;), [4 marks]
() 4valuate 4[(; ? 1)(2; # 1)] [2 marks]
8. \$!ree "ac!ines ', . an / prouce *5@, 40@ an 25@ respectivel( of t!e
output of a factor( "anufacturin& a certain prouct. 0f t!e proucts prouce b( ',
. an /, 2@, 4@ an *@ respectivel( are efective. .( usin& a tree ia&ra" or
ot!er%ise, fin t!e probabilit( t!at
(a) a unit of t!e prouct c!osen at rano" fro" t!e factor( is not efective,
(b) a unit of t!e prouct is prouce b( "ac!ine ., 7no%in& t!at it is efective.
[15 marks]