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Continuation from earlier parts.

Extended Bonnet
The integrity of stem seals at very low temperatures
(-30 deg.C & below) is the major hurdle that must be
overcome.
Specially designed extended bonnets installed to
valves offers a safe & efficient method to accomplish
stem seal integrity.
The bonnet extension provides a gas column that
allows the gas to vaporise from contact with the warm
ambient temperature outside the service line. This vapour column insulates the stem seal and maintain
the seal integrity.
Bonnet extension also helps for thermal insulation installation.
What is Piping
An attempt to explain process piping engineering basics in detail to help all the process piping engineering
professionals around the world.
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26th July 201 4 want2learn Ball Valv es 0 Comments
BALL VALVE DESIGN FEATURES: A Literature-
Part-4 of 4
11 1
Extended Bonnet
Weld Overlay
Sealing areas & other wetted parts of ball valve can be cladded in case of corrosive service.
More frequent used materials for the overlay process are stainless steel, DSS & high nickel alloys.
This technology is cost effective for ball valves in highly corrosive or erosive services.
Considerable cost saving without sacrifice to service life or performance.
Can be done cost effectively for size 8 and larger.
Welding is performed in accordance with ASME BPV section 9.
Weld Ov erlay
Seat Insert Materials
Thermoplastic seat / seal inserts
Thermoplastic seat / seal inserts
Devlon V : Temp. Range -100 deg. C to 150 deg. C
Elastomeric seat / seal inserts
Elastomeric seat / seal inserts
Zero leakage is easier obtained by softer seals (elastomeric), while the resistance to scratches and other
factors (temp., pressure, erosion) is obtained by harder seals (thermoplastic).
PTFE is generally not recommended for high pressure (cl. 900 & higher) while it is suitable for a wide
range of temperature and resistant to many fluids.
Nylon 12G is more suitable than PTFE for higher pressure, but has a limited range in temperature.
Nylon 6 should not be used as it absorbs humidity.
Devlon V is similar to Nylon 12G, but with a wider range of temperature application (lower & higher)
PEEK is recommended for high temperature (up to 260 deg.C) but it is very hard compared to other non
metallic materials.
Kel-F is specially recommended for cryogenic service.
O-Rings (Elastomeric)
O-Rings are used for below applications:
Stem seals
Seals between seat and body/closure
Seals between body and bonnet/closure
Materials are generally as follows:
Viton (fluor elastomer)
NBR (nitrilic butadine rubber)
HNBR
O-rings are not allowed in the seat ring-body joint as well as for body-bonnet joint. The ball valve seat ring
shall have primary lip seal with a fire safe graphite ring.
At stem side, if the seal material specified in requisition as thermoplastic, it shall be of lip seal type with
Inconel 7 18 spring. If the seal material is specified as elastomeric, it shall be of AED type.
O-rings
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Lip Seal
For applications where elastomeric O-rings are not reliable, lip seals are used (for body & stem sealing).
Lip seals are self energised seal systems, made of a Teflon cover and a spring (Inconel 7 18 material).

Lip Seals

The spring provides the initial load (due to the low elasticity of Teflon), while the fluid pressure provides
the load to force the lips on the sealing surfaces.
Lip seal housing on CS valves shall be SS316 weld overlayed (3mm thk)
Special Requirement for ESD Valve
ESD valve shall be of trunnion mounted type with metal seat design.
Minimum size shall be 2 NB.
Upstream seat shall be with single piston effect and downstream seat with double piston effect.
The SPE & DPE shall be marked permanently on the respective seat side and flow arrow shall be
embedded on the body. However, the valve shall be suitable for bi-directional isolation.
The seat ring shall have 2 no. primary leap seals with a fire safe graphite ring. The stem shall have min. 2
primary lip seals or U or V shaped packing with fire safe secondary seals.
Grease injection fitting shall be provided between primary & secondary seals on the stem side with 2 in-
built check valves.
No seat sealant injection shall be provided for ESD valves.
Valve lifting & Supporting Provision
Valves of sizes 8NB and above or 250 Kg & heavier shall be equipped with lifting lugs.
Tapped holes & eye bolts are not acceptable.
Valve shall have support lugs for valve weighing more than 7 50Kg and supports should be designed to
take care of the vertical & lateral loads of valves. The support height shall be as minimum as possible.
Other Requirements
Drain & Vent connections
Shall be drilled & threaded for ball valves up to 900# pressure class & for sizes less than 6 FB & 8-RB.
The connections shall be fitted with threaded plug.
The plug shall be suitable locked by locking ring to prevent loosening .
The drain & vent connections for ball valves above 900# pressure class & 6 FB / 8 -RB & above sizes
shall be fully welded flanged type, fitted with a blind flange.
If drain / vent / sealant injection is asked, ensure orientation of the connections is accessible at site.
During vendor drawing review same should be checked.
Click here to go to the part 1
Click here to go to the part 2
Click here to go to the part 3
Related Posts:
1. BALL VALVE DESIGN FEATURES: A Literature-Part-3 of 4
2. Design Guidelines for PE & ROTO Lined Carbon Steel Piping
3. Common Non Ferrous Materials used in Process Piping Industry
4. Reducers used in Piping Industry: A short literature
5. BALL VALVE DESIGN FEATURES: A Literature-Part-1 of 4
6. BALL VALVE DESIGN FEATURES: A Literature-Part-2 of 4
7 . Heat Tracing of Piping Systems
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