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Enhancing employee creativity in the

Chinese context: The mediating role of


employee self-concordance
.
Enhancing employee creativity in the
Chinese context: The mediating role of
employee self-concordance
Presented By: Irfan Arshad
By: Alice H.Y. Hon
International Journal of Hospitality Management 30 (2011) 375384
Introduction
With Globalization, creativity becomes more critical for
success and competitive advantage.
Creativity refers to the development of novel and useful
ideas regarding products, services, and organizational
processes and procedures. (Amabile et al., 1996; Zhou
and Shalley, 2003; Woodman et al., 1993).
Previous studies did not foster creative engagement in
services in Asian countries.
Current Theories are concerned about social-contextual
factors like organizational climate, leadership behavior,
and relations among individual members of work groups
(Shalley et al., 2004; Scott and Bruce, 1994; Woodman et
al., 1993).
With Globalization, creativity becomes more critical for
success and competitive advantage.
Creativity refers to the development of novel and useful
ideas regarding products, services, and organizational
processes and procedures. (Amabile et al., 1996; Zhou
and Shalley, 2003; Woodman et al., 1993).
Previous studies did not foster creative engagement in
services in Asian countries.
Current Theories are concerned about social-contextual
factors like organizational climate, leadership behavior,
and relations among individual members of work groups
(Shalley et al., 2004; Scott and Bruce, 1994; Woodman et
al., 1993).
Introduction
This study focuses on three s factors, i.e., organizational
modernity, empowering leadership, and supportive coworkers,
and creativity,
Additionally It including an important intervening variable
employee self-concordance.
Social contextual factors are associated with employee self-
concordance and self-concordance is associated with creativity.
Self-concordance theory is core component of intrinsic
motivation.
This study focuses on three s factors, i.e., organizational
modernity, empowering leadership, and supportive coworkers,
and creativity,
Additionally It including an important intervening variable
employee self-concordance.
Social contextual factors are associated with employee self-
concordance and self-concordance is associated with creativity.
Self-concordance theory is core component of intrinsic
motivation.
Introduction
Hotel industry in (Mainland) China is focused for study.
The hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) is used for data
analysis
Multisource sampling
Employees self concordance fully mediated all three
variables and creativity
Finding are useful for future hotel industry for better
services.
Hotel industry in (Mainland) China is focused for study.
The hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) is used for data
analysis
Multisource sampling
Employees self concordance fully mediated all three
variables and creativity
Finding are useful for future hotel industry for better
services.
Literature Review Literature Review
Review of Literature
Intrinsic motivation was considered as
essential determinant of employees creativity.
(Chen and Klimoski, 2003; Grant, 2008).
The self-determination theory (SDT) is
popular in this regard(Deci and Ryan, 2000;
Gagn and Deci, 2005) that focuses on the
experience of autonomy
Sheldon and Elliots (1998) self-concordance
model, a subtheory of SDT, more fully
explores this value-based intrinsic motivation.
Goals ---- effort ---- progress ---- well being
Intrinsic motivation was considered as
essential determinant of employees creativity.
(Chen and Klimoski, 2003; Grant, 2008).
The self-determination theory (SDT) is
popular in this regard(Deci and Ryan, 2000;
Gagn and Deci, 2005) that focuses on the
experience of autonomy
Sheldon and Elliots (1998) self-concordance
model, a subtheory of SDT, more fully
explores this value-based intrinsic motivation.
Goals ---- effort ---- progress ---- well being
Background
this study examines the relationship
between one of the fundamental
building blocks of intrinsic motivation
employee self-concordance and
creativity and exploring whether social-
contextual factors might influence this
core motivational component (Sheldon
et al., 2003)
this study examines the relationship
between one of the fundamental
building blocks of intrinsic motivation
employee self-concordance and
creativity and exploring whether social-
contextual factors might influence this
core motivational component (Sheldon
et al., 2003)
Background
Second, this study adopts a multi-level
approach which considers the possibility
that organizational-level variables may
influence individual-level relationships
(e.g., Bliese, 2000; Hofmann and
Stetzer, 1998). This study explains a
multi-level approach allows us to
investigate how the three social
contexts might influence individual-level
intrinsic motivation and creativity.
Second, this study adopts a multi-level
approach which considers the possibility
that organizational-level variables may
influence individual-level relationships
(e.g., Bliese, 2000; Hofmann and
Stetzer, 1998). This study explains a
multi-level approach allows us to
investigate how the three social
contexts might influence individual-level
intrinsic motivation and creativity.
Theoretical framework
Hypothesis Development
H: Employee self-concordance is
positively related to employee creativity.
The path model of social-contextual
approach (Scott and Bruce, 1994)
suggested three social-contextual
factors organization climate,
leadership, and work group relations
that influence individual creativity.
H: Employee self-concordance is
positively related to employee creativity.
The path model of social-contextual
approach (Scott and Bruce, 1994)
suggested three social-contextual
factors organization climate,
leadership, and work group relations
that influence individual creativity.
Hypothesis Development
Hypothesis 2: Organizational
modernity is positively related to
employee s
Hypothesis 3. Empowering leadership
is positively related to employee self-
concordance. elf-concordance.
Hypothesis 4. The presence of
supportive, helpful coworkers is
positively related to employee self-
concordance.
Hypothesis 2: Organizational
modernity is positively related to
employee s
Hypothesis 3. Empowering leadership
is positively related to employee self-
concordance. elf-concordance.
Hypothesis 4. The presence of
supportive, helpful coworkers is
positively related to employee self-
concordance.
The mediating effect
of employee self-concordance
Hypothesis 5a. Employee self-concordance
mediates the relationship between
organizational modernity and employee
creativity.
Hypothesis 5b. Employee self-concordance
mediates the relationship between
empowering leadership and employee
creativity.
Hypothesis 5c. Employee self-concordance
mediates the relationship between supportive
and helpful coworkers and employee creativity.
Hypothesis 5a. Employee self-concordance
mediates the relationship between
organizational modernity and employee
creativity.
Hypothesis 5b. Employee self-concordance
mediates the relationship between
empowering leadership and employee
creativity.
Hypothesis 5c. Employee self-concordance
mediates the relationship between supportive
and helpful coworkers and employee creativity.
Sample and procedures
Data were subsequently collected from
286 individuals working in 20 well-
known hotel companies in the region.
Sample size range from 5 to 13 with a
mean of 7
Age distribution was 57% between 19-
29 years
90 % had bachelor degree
Data were subsequently collected from
286 individuals working in 20 well-
known hotel companies in the region.
Sample size range from 5 to 13 with a
mean of 7
Age distribution was 57% between 19-
29 years
90 % had bachelor degree
Methodology
A , 7 point likert scale was used
Different questionnaire for managers &
subordinates
8 scale item used for self concordance
5 scale item used for modernity
15 scale item used for empowerment
4 scale item used for supportive
workers
13 scale item used for creativity
A , 7 point likert scale was used
Different questionnaire for managers &
subordinates
8 scale item used for self concordance
5 scale item used for modernity
15 scale item used for empowerment
4 scale item used for supportive
workers
13 scale item used for creativity
Methodology
Hierarchal linear model (HLM) used for
hypothesis testing
Interrater agreement coefficients
It is known as cross level model
A one way analysis of variance
(ANOVA)
Interclass correlation coefficient (ICC)
Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was
conduct using AMOS
Hierarchal linear model (HLM) used for
hypothesis testing
Interrater agreement coefficients
It is known as cross level model
A one way analysis of variance
(ANOVA)
Interclass correlation coefficient (ICC)
Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was
conduct using AMOS
Results Results
Five constructs were treated
independently for hypothesis testing
Multilevel Hypotheses were supported
through results regarding contextual
factors, modernity, empowerment and
supportive co-worker.
All other Hypothesis were also
supported
Five constructs were treated
independently for hypothesis testing
Multilevel Hypotheses were supported
through results regarding contextual
factors, modernity, empowerment and
supportive co-worker.
All other Hypothesis were also
supported
Summary
Hotel Industry in china received much
appreciation
Self Concordance has a positive and
mediating effect on creative
performance
Hotel Industry in china received much
appreciation
Self Concordance has a positive and
mediating effect on creative
performance
Policy Implications / Suggestions
Research can utilize the multi level
framework to examine important factors
that may affect how self concordance
plays role in organization
Managers will display creative behaviour
Study may be generalised to other asian
countries
Significant change and recognition
Empowerment
Research can utilize the multi level
framework to examine important factors
that may affect how self concordance
plays role in organization
Managers will display creative behaviour
Study may be generalised to other asian
countries
Significant change and recognition
Empowerment
References
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Domestic Terms of Trade in Pakistan Implications for
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Bahl, R., S. Wallace and M. Cyan (2007). Pakistan
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collaboration with the World Bank. Islamabad.
Aftab, S., Cororaton, C. and Jansen, H.G.P. (2009).
Domestic Terms of Trade in Pakistan Implications for
Agricultural Pricing and Taxation Policies. Paper for
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World
Bank
Bahl, R., S. Wallace and M. Cyan (2007). Pakistan
Provincial Government Study. Unpublished background
paper for the 2008 Pakistan Tax Policy Report being
prepared by the Federal Board of Revenue in
collaboration with the World Bank. Islamabad.
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Agriculture. World Bank Staff Working Paper No.
643. Washington D.C.
Debowicz, D., Robinson, S., and Haider, H. (2012).
Tax Policies in Pakistan- Preliminary Economy-Wide
Assessment. International Food Policy Research
Institute (IFPRI) Washington D.C. Unpublished
Gotsch, C.H. and G. Brown (1980). Prices, Taxes
and Subsidies in Pakistans Agriculture, 1960-75.
World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 387.
Washington D.C.
Thank You