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Mud Gas Separator

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mud Gas Separator capable of handling 1000-1500gpm
Process Flow Diagram For Mud Gas Separator
Mud Gas Separator is commonly called a gas-buster or poor boy degasser. It captu
res and separates large volume of free gas within the drilling fluid. If there i
s a "KICK" situation, this vessel separates the mud and the gas by allowing it t
o flow over baffle plates. The gas then is forced to flow through a line and ven
t it to a flare. A "KICK" situation happens when the annular hydrostatic pressur
e in a drilling well temporarily (and usually relatively suddenly) falls below t
hat of the formation, or pore, pressure in a permeable section downhole, and bef
ore control of the situation is lost.
It is always safe to design the mud/gas separator that will handle the maximum p
ossible gas flow that can occur.[1][2]
Contents [hide]
1 Types of Mud/Gas Separators
2 Principle of operation
3 See also
4 Notes
Types of Mud/Gas Separators[edit]
The principle of mud/gas separation for different types of vessels is the same.[
3]
Closed bottom type
Open bottom type
Float type
The closed-bottom separator, as the name implies, is closed at the vessel bottom
with the mud return line directed back to the mud tanks. Commonly called the po
or boy, the open-bottom mud gas separator is typically mounted on a mud tank or
trip tank with the bottom of the separator body submerged in the mud. Fluid leve
l (mud leg) is maintained in a float-type mud gas separator by a float/valve con
figuration. The float opens and closes a valve on the mud return line to maintai
n the mud-leg level.[4] According to pedestal or base type there are
Fixed type
Elevating type
Poor boy degasser in China is usually named according to vessel diameter.So the
type also including
FLQ800 or ZYQ800
FLQ1000
FLQ1200
FLQ1400
Usually, the degasser type or configuration is customizable
Principle of operation[edit]
The principle behind the mud gas separator is relatively simple. On the figure,
the mud and gas mixture is fed at the inlet allowing it to impinge on a series o
f baffles designed to separate gas and mud. The free gas then is moved into the
flare line to reduce the threat of toxic and hazardous gases and the mud then di
scharges to the shale shaker and to the tank.
See also[edit]
Mud systems
Notes[edit]
Jump up ^ Dilling Fluids Processing Handbook ISBN 0-7506-7775-9
Jump up ^ Mud Equipment Manual ISBN 0-87201-614-5
Jump up ^ SPE Drilling Engineering, December 1991
Jump up ^ "Types of Mud Gas Separators". DC Solid control. 24 May 2012.