# Charme Dumala BEED 3-E

Assessment Learning 2

“ MEASURES OF VARIABILITY”

I. Range
> Range is obtained by getting the difference between the highest score and the lowest score.
Quartile Deviation
> Is another measure of variability which divides the difference of the third quartile into
halves.

The steps in getting quartile deviation in a form of frequency distribution are as follows;
Step 1: Estimate the frequency lesser than
Step 2: Find the third and first quartile
Step 3: Compute quartile deviation by using formula as follows:

Where:
QD= Quartile deviation

= third quartile

= first quartile

II. Average Deviation or Mean Deviation
> Average deviation or mean deviation is defined as the sum of absolute deviation of the
arithmetic mean divided by the number of cases. If is a measure of variability infrequently used.

Average Deviation from Ungrouped Data
> Average deviation from ungrouped data is applied when the number of cases (N) is less
than 30. The steps are as follows:

III. Average Deviation from Grouped Data
Average deviation from grouped data is applicable when the numbers of cases (N) is
equal to or more than 30. In computing average deviation from grouped data in a form of
frequency distribution, the steps are as follows;
Step 1. Look for the arithmetic mean.
Step 2. Look for the midpoint of each class limit.
Step 3. Find the difference absolutely between the midpoint and arithmetic mean.
The sign are disregarded as shown in Column 6.
Step 4. Multiply Step 3 by the frequency to get
̅
as shown in Column 7.
Step 5. Look for the sum of Step 4 to find
̅

Step 6. Compute average deviation from grouped data using formula.

̅

Where:
AD = Average deviation

̅
= Sum of the difference of the midpoints and mean times the frequency.
N = Number of cases

IV. Variance from ungrouped data using machine formula
Variance from ungrouped data is applied when the number of cases (N) is less than (<)
30. There are two methods in getting the variance from ungrouped data. These are the
machine formula and the working formula.
Variance using the machine formula is obtained by getting the difference of the sum of
squares of each score and the corrections factor dived by N-1. The steps in getting variance
using the machine formula are as follows:

Step 1. Multiply each score by itself to get

Step 2. Look for the sum of X to get
Step 3. Add the results in step 1 to find

Step 4. Solve for Correction factor (CF) by using formula as follows:
CF =

Where CF stands for correction factor; sum of each score; and N, number of cases.
Step 5. Apply variance from ungrouped data using machine formula with the use of
formula as follows;

=

Where:

= Variance

= sum of squared X
CF = Correction Factor
N = Number of Cases