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Classical Greece

8000 BCE to 600 CE
Geography
Small
Mountainous
Peninsula
Political Development
Polis
Few
monarchies
Most were
collaborative
rule
Sparta vs. Athens
Military strength
No luxuries
Discipline &
rigorous training
Physical education
for girls
Democracy
Citizen
participation
Free adult citizens
(no women,
foreigners, slaves)
Greek Colonies
Population
pressure
No centralized
state
Independent
Trade within region
Persian War (500-470 BCE)
Greeks in Anatolia
revolted against
Persian Empire
Athenians sent
troops
2 separate wars
Persian War (500-470 BCE)
First victory: led to
a golden age for
Athens
Second victory:
stopped Persia from
conquering
Delian League
Athens was the leader which caused resentment
! Peloponnesian War
Peloponnesian War
Sparta vs.
Athens
Internal conflict
left Greece
weak
Dominated by
Macedonia
Alexander the Great
Conquered Persia
by 330 BCE
Indian subcontinent
Died at 33
Divided empire
Economic Development
TRADE!
Social Development
Patriarchy
Few rights
for women
Slavery
Cultural Development
Importance
of human life
Beauty
Polytheistic
Philosophy
Literature
The Illiad
The Odyssey