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Document Type Data Classification

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[Version nr] 1(8)
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Surface Roughness Tester Work Instruction
1.0 PURPOSE
This work instruction is intended for use as a guide for performing surface roughness tests using the
Mitutoyo SJ-301 surface roughness tester.
2.0 SCOPE
The surface roughness tester can be used to measure the irregularities of a component’s surface for
example an orifice plate. It is a part of the incoming Inspection procedure.
3.0 DEFINITIONS / ACRONYMS
Sampling length: It is the wavelength of the lowest frequency filter that is used to analyze the data.
Evaluation length (EVA-L): It is the length of the data that will be used for evaluation.
Profile: It is the result of the measured roughness displayed as a graph. There are four different profile
types:
 Primary profile (P): representation of the real profile.
 Roughness profile (R): Obtained by filtering the primary profile with a high pass filter to remove long
wavelength components.
 Motif: Same as roughness profile but without distortion (primary profile is subjected to distortion
when filters are used to remove long wave components)
 DIN4776 profile: This is used for surfaces with deep grooves/valleys.
Filter: These are analog circuits which perform signal processing functions,specifically to remove
unwanted frequencies/wavelengths. There are two types; 2RC and GAUSS
Note: No significant difference between roughness profiles gained by application of Gaussian and 2RC
profile filter.
N: Number of sampling lengths (1,3 or 5).
c: cutoff length which is the same as sampling length.
TILT-COMP (Tilt compensation): Measured profile is compensated so that the datum segment
becomes horizontal (usually selected for the entire measured profile).
GO/NG (GO/NO GO): Is a judgment function that checks if the reading is within its upper and lower
tolerance limit. If it is within the limit a ‘O’ is displayed.
SPEED: Feed-rate/traversing speed of the detector (0.25mm/s, 0.5mm/s).
PRE/POST: Pre travel/post travel length are the first and last part of the traversing length. It depends
on the profile and the filter type.
Roughness Parameters:
 Ra (Arithmetic mean surface roughness): Average of the absolute values of the profile deviations
from the mean line. This is one of the most effective and commonly used in engineering practices.
 Rq (Root Mean Square (RMS) roughness): It is the RMS average of all profile values.

Document Type Data Classification
Work Instruction [Unique nr]
Document ID. Version Page
[Version nr] 2(8)
Rosemount Proprietary
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 Rzi (Single roughness depth): it is the vertical distance between the highest peak and the deepest
valley in a sampling length.
 Rz (Surface roughness depth): Arithmetical mean value of all the Rzi measurements taken in an
evaluation length.
 Rt/Rmax (Maximum roughness depth): It is the largest Rzi within the evaluation length.

 RSm (Average groove width): It is the average of the profile element widths within a sampling
length.

4.0 RESPONSIBILITY
Quality Technician- To record the incoming material on the system, perform inspection as per
Rosemount Quality Standards and document inspection details on the system in order to close the
record to proceed to the next department.


Document Type Data Classification
Work Instruction [Unique nr]
Document ID. Version Page
[Version nr] 3(8)
Rosemount Proprietary
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5.0 WORK INSTRUCTIONS
5.1. Turning the power on/off
5.1.1. Turn on the battery switch first.

Note: Do not connect the AC adapter and turn on/off the batter switch. Otherwise the battery may
be overcharged.
5.1.2. Connect the AC adapter cable plug to the Display unit.
5.1.3. Press the [POWER] key.

5.1.4. To turn off the device press the [POWER] key again.
5.2. To begin any measurement procedure, it is required to select a unit of measurement. The
following are the steps to select a measurement unit:
5.2.1. Switch button masking off from the rear of the device

5.2.2. Press the Condition button in Home screen
Battery Switch
AC adapter connector

Document Type Data Classification
Work Instruction [Unique nr]
Document ID. Version Page
[Version nr] 4(8)
Rosemount Proprietary
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5.2.3. The Measurement Condition Setup screen (2/3) is used to change the units (mm/inch).

Note: This screen can also be used to set the feed rate/traversing speed of the detector. It can be
set to 0.25 mm/s or 0.5 mm/s. The factory default value for this setting is 0.5 mm/s.
5.3. Next step is to calibrate the device with a standard specimen provided by the manufacturer with
the values of roughness. This is required to get an accurate reading from the device. Given
below are the steps to calibrate the device:
5.3.1. Place the detector on the specimen as shown.

Document Type Data Classification
Work Instruction [Unique nr]
Document ID. Version Page
[Version nr] 5(8)
Rosemount Proprietary
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Note: The detector should be parallel to the measured surface for accurate readings.

5.3.2. Touch the [CAL.] button on the Home screen.

5.3.3. Press the [START/STOP] key.


Document Type Data Classification
Work Instruction [Unique nr]
Document ID. Version Page
[Version nr] 6(8)
Rosemount Proprietary
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5.3.4. The calibration is done automatically. The result should be the same as written on the given
specimen.
5.3.5. When it is done press [ENTER] to finish.
5.4. The steps for taking measurements are as follows:
5.4.1. Place the detector on the work piece and press the [START/STOP] button.
5.4.2. After calculation the measured result is displayed on the display screen.
5.4.3. The graph can be displayed separately and can be magnified in the x and y direction.
5.4.4. The measured results can be printed in landscape or portrait mode by pressing the [PRINT]
button.
5.5. Display of the measured profile:
5.5.1. To display the measured results in a graph, press the [Profile] button as shown below.

5.5.2. The display of the measured profile can be horizontally and vertically expanded. This is
done by pressing the [Zoom-in] button.

Document Type Data Classification
Work Instruction [Unique nr]
Document ID. Version Page
[Version nr] 7(8)
Rosemount Proprietary
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5.5.3. To zoom in the horizontal direction, press the [X-Mag] button.







5.5.4. Now a new screen pops up where the desired magnification can be selected and then press
the title bar to zoom in. The same can be done for the vertical direction by pressing Z-Mag
button.
5.6. Printed Data


Document Type Data Classification
Work Instruction [Unique nr]
Document ID. Version Page
[Version nr] 8(8)
Rosemount Proprietary
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6.0 REFERENCES
SJ-301 Surface Roughness Tester User’s Manual, Mitutoyo
http://www.mitutoyo.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/1984_Surf_Roughness_PG.pdf
http://www.rubert.co.uk/faqs/roughness-parameters/
http://surfacefinishequipment.com/images/mit%20sj4.jpg
7.0 RECORDS
Printed results