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LONG AN NĂM HỌC 2011-2012
Ngày thi: 30-6-2011
Thời gian làmbài: 120 phút
I. You are going to read an extract from a novel. For questions 1-8, choose the answer (A,
B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text. (8 points)
On Saturday mornings I worked in the family shop. I started cycling down to the shop with
Dad on Saturdays as soon as I was big enough. I thought of it as giving him a hand and so I
didn’t mind what I did, although it was mostly just fetching and carrying at a run all
morning. I managed not to think of it as work and I looked forward to the bar of chocolate
my grandmother passed me unsmiling as I left. I tried not to look at her; I had reason to feel
guilty because I’d generally already eaten some dried fruits or a sliver of cheese when no
one was looking. As soon as I was fifteen, though, Dad said, ‘That’s it, our J anet. You’re of
working age now and you’re not coming to work unless your grandmother pays you
properly.’ He did his best to make his chin look determined. ‘I shall speak to her.’
The next Saturday, Gran called me into her little office behind the shop. I always hated
going in there. She had an electric heater on full blast, and the windows were always kept
tightly closed whatever the weather. There were piles of dusty catalogues and brochures on
the floor. ‘You’re wanting to get paid, I hear,’ Gran said. ‘Yes, please,’ I replied. It was
rather like visiting the headmistress at school, so I was very quiet and respectful. Gran
searched through the mess of papers on her crowded desk, sighing and clicking her tongue.
Eventually she produced an official-looking leaflet and ran her fingers along the columns of
figures. ‘How old are you?’ ‘Fifteen ... Gran,’ I added for extra politeness, but she looked at
me as if I had been cheeky. ‘Full-timers at your age get forty pounds for a thirty-five-hour
week,’ she announced in such a way as to leave no doubt that she wasn’t in favour of this.
‘No wonder there’s no profit in shop keeping! So, Janet, what’s that per hour?’ Questions
like that always flustered me. Instead of trying to work them out in my head, I would stand
there, unable to think straight. ‘I’ll get a pencil and paper,’ I offered. ‘Don’t bother,’
snapped Gran angrily, ‘I’ll do it myself. I’ll give you a pound an hour, take it or leave it.’
‘I’ll take it, please.’ ‘And I expect real work for it, mind. No standing about, and if I catch
you eating any of the stock, there’ll be trouble. That’s theft, and it’s a crime.’
From then on, my main job at the shop was filling the shelves. This was dull, but I hardly
expected to be trusted with handling the money. Once or twice, however, when Dad was
extra busy, I’d tried to help him by serving behind the counter. I hated it. It was very
difficult to remember the prices of everything and I was particularly hopeless at using the
till. Certain customers made unkind remarks about this, increasing my confusion and the
chances of my making a fool of myself.
It was an old-established village shop, going back 150 years at least and it was really
behind the times even then. Dad longed to be able to make the shop more attractive to
customers, but Gran wouldn’t hear of it. I overheard them once arguing about whether to
buy a freezer cabinet. ‘Our customers want frozen food,’ Dad said. ‘They see things
advertised and if they can’t get them from us, they’ll go elsewhere.’ ‘Your father always
sold fresh food,’ Gran replied. ‘People come here for quality, they don’t want all that frozen

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Actually, she gave way in the end over the freeze. Mr Timson, her great rival, installed
one in his shop at the other end of the village and customers started making loud comments
about how handy it was, being able to get frozen food in the village, and how good Mr
Timson’s sausages were. That really upset her because she was proud of her sausages and
she ungraciously gave Dad the money to buy the freezer. Within a couple of weeks, she was
eating frozen food like the rest of us.
1. How did J anet feel when she first started her Saturday morning job?
A She enjoyed the work that she was given.
B She was pleased to be helping her father.
C She worried that she was not doing it well.
D She was only really interested in the reward.
2. What do we learn about her grandmother’s office in the second paragraph?
A It needed decorating.
B It was untidy.
C It had too much furniture in it.
D It was dark.
3. The word ‘this’ (line 19) refers to
A shopkeepers’ profits.
B a thirty-five-hour week.
C J anet’s request.
D the recommended wage.
4. The word ‘flustered’ (line 21) means
A bored.
B angered.
C confused.
D depressed.
5. Why did J anet’s grandmother react angrily to her offer to fetch a pencil and paper?
A J anet was unable to answer her question.
B J anet had been unwilling to help her.
C J anet had made an unhelpful suggestion.
D J anet had answered her rudely.
6. What did Janet’s father and grandmother disagree about?
A how to keep their customers loyal to the shop
B the type of advertising needed to attract customers
C the type of customers they needed to attract
D how to get new customers to come to the shop
7. What eventually persuaded J anet’s grandmother to buy a freezer?
A She found that she liked frozen food after all.
B A new shop opening in the village had one.
C It was suggested that her products weren’t fresh.
D She responded to pressure from her customers.

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8. What impression do we get of Janet’s feelings towards her grandmother?
A She respected her fairness.
B She doubted her judgement.
C She disliked her manner.
D She admired her determination.
II. You are going to read an article written by someone who lives in a house in a valley.
Seven sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A–H the
one which fits each gap (1–7). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.
There is an example at the beginning (0) (12 points)
A It was the river, the Ryburn, which normally flowed so gently, that threatened us
B And yet the immense power of all this water above us prevents us from ever
believing ourselves to be completely safe in our home.
C They twisted and turned, rising eastwards and upwards, warning of what was to
D It was far deeper than we’d ever seen it so near our home, lunging furiously at its
E We can thus enjoy, rather than fear, the huge clouds that hang over the valley, and
can be thrilled by the tremendous power which we know the river possesses.
F It almost completely blocked our lane and made the streamside path slippery and
G There in the heights it was like the Niagara Falls, as the water surged over the edge of
the dam and poured into the stream below.
H It was the year when the storms came early, before the calendar even hinted at
winter, even before November was out.

We had been living in our valley for sixteen months when we first realized the dangers that
could exist in the surrounding hills and threaten our very survival.
(0)...H..... Until that time, we had felt safe and sheltered in our valley below the protecting
Soon snow began to fall. Within a day it lay some 15 centimeters deep. (1)........ But on
the neighboring heights the snow was much deeper and stayed for longer. Up there the wind
blasted fiercely. Deep in our valley we felt only sudden gusts of wind; trees swayed but the
branches held firm.
And yet we knew that there was reason for us to worry. The snow and wind were
certainly inconvenient but they did not really trouble us greatly. (2)........ It reminded us of
what could have occurred if circumstances had been different, if the flow of water from the
hills had not, many years before, been controlled, held back by a series of dams.

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In a short time the snow started to melt. Day after day, we watched furious clouds pile up
high over the hills to the west. Sinister grey clouds extended over the valleys. (3)........ We
had seen enough of the sky; now we began to watch the river, which every day was
becoming fuller and wilder.
The snow was gradually washed away as more and more rain streamed from the clouds,
but high up in the hills the reservoir was filling and was fast approaching danger level. And
then it happened – for the first time in years the reservoir overflowed. (4)........
The river seemed maddened as the waters poured almost horizontally down to its lower
stretches. Just a couple of meters from our cottage, the stream seemed wild beneath the
bridge. (5)........ For three days we prayed that it would stay below its wall. Fortunately, our
prayers were answered as the dam held and the waters began to subside.
On many occasions through the centuries before the dam was built, the river had flooded
the nearby villages in just such a rage. Now, though, the dam restricts the flow of the river
and usually all is well; the great mass of water from the hills, the product of snow and
torrential rain, remains behind its barrier with just the occasional overflow. (6)........ Thanks
to this protection we can feel our home in the valley is still secure and safe.
III. Read the text below and decide which answer, A, B, C or D, best fits each space. (20
In spite of all the warnings, we are still not looking after our planet. Look what is happening
to our forests. We are cutting them (1)...... at an alarming rate. If we keep (2)...... doing this,
many animals and plants will (3)...... extinct. Rare species, such as the mountain gorilla, are
already in (4)...... . More will follow.
Forests are important for another reason, too. They help to slow the rate of global
warming. Trees take in gases (5)...... carbon dioxide, which are given off by power stations
and factories. They (6)...... produce oxygen, and act as the lungs of the world.
It is clear (7)...... forests make a major contribution to the health of our planet. (8)...... it is
a sad fact that very few governments have passed laws to protect them. Scientists are
studying the problem. They say that the best way to (9)...... forests is by educating the local
people. These people often cut down forests because it is the only way they can (10)...... a
living. But they do not wish to destroy their forests unnecessarily. If they are offered a
different way to make money, hopefully they will leave the forests alone.

1 A up B in C off D down
2 A in B up C on D at
3 A go B make C become D result
4 A threat B danger C fact D troubles
5 A as B for C like D how
6 A too B also C nor D either
7 A that B as C like D then
8 A Although B So C In spite of D Also
9 A establish B arrange C save D aid
10 A do B earn C get D have

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IV. For questions 1-10, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space.
Use only ONE word in each space. There is an example at the beginning (0). (20 points)
Example: (0)... are...
Nowadays, mobile phones (0)........ used (1)........ people all over the world. They’re popular
because they can (2)........ taken anywhere. Billions of phones (3)........ been sold in the past
few years. But do you know how and when the phone (4)........ invented?
The first telephone was developed in Boston USA (5)........ Alexander Graham Bell.
Bell’s mother was deaf, so he was very interested in speech and sound. The idea for the
phone came to him quite suddenly while he (6)........ staying with his parents in 1874. He
told his father about (7)........ , and they discussed the possibilities together. Bell’s idea
(8)........ tested by using a wire set up between two rooms. The invention worked! But Bell
still wasn’t sure whether messages could be sent over long distances. In 1876, the very first
long-distance phone call was made.
Are mobile phones safe? Scientists are worried that people’s health may be damaged if
they use the phones too often. Tests are still (9)........ carried out. When the results have
(10)........ published, people can decide for themselves.
V. For questions 1-10, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each
line to form a word that fits the space in the same line. There is an example at the beginning
(0). (20 points)
Example: (0)... feeling...
There is one particular (0).................. which I find difficult to
express. When I am (1).................. about something, I say
nothing. Once, for example, after I had bought a very
(2)............................. jacket, I met a friend in a café who said
that the jacket didn’t fit me very (3).............................. . I was
very (4)......................... but I said nothing. I didn’t feel like
continuing our (5).......................... . My friend noticed my
(6).............................. and asked me what was wrong. I couldn’t
tell him the (7).......................... . I began to feel rather
(8)..................................... and left without giving him an
(9)................................. . Later I felt rather
(10)............................. of my behavior.



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VI. For questions 1-10, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the
first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between
two and five words, including the word given. Here is an example (0). (20 points)
Example: (0) Two years ago, Maria started learning German.
Maria .....has been learning German for..... two years.
1. There is a conference here today.
A conference ..................... today.
2. I spent an hour doing this exercise.
It ..................... to do this exercise.
3. When my mother was ill, I looked after her.
I ..................... when she was ill.
4. There were three participants in the discussion.
Three people ..................... the discussion.
5. Are you as interested in them as I am?
Do you ..................... interesting as I do?
6. I think we’ve discussed grammar enough now.
Let’s ..................... now.
7. Why don’t you rest a little now?
Why don’t ..................... now?
8. Is smoking permitted in British cinemas?
Are ..................... in British cinemas?
9. It’s a pity the weather isn’t better today.
If ..................... better today.
10. ‘I hope you’ll forgive me for coming so late,’ the student said to the teacher.
The student ..................... so late.


LONG AN NĂM HỌC 2011-2012
Ngày thi: 30-6-2011
Thời gian làmbài: 120 phút
I. You are going to read a newspaper article about a kind of club. For questions 1-8, choose
the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text. (8 points)
A lot of research had been done suggesting that laughter is good for us and there are
many benefits to the mind and body. In 1995, Dr Madan Kataria decided to follow up on the
research findings. He went to a public garden in the city of Mumbai, in India and spoke to
people there about starting a laughter club. At first, not everyone was enthusiastic but as he
explained the health benefits of laughter, a number of people showed interest and the first
laughter club was born. It had just four members, who would stand and tell jokes in a quiet
corner of the garden to get each other to laugh. Although everyone enjoyed the fun, they
soon ran out of good jokes. So Dr Kataria decided the club members would laugh without
jokes at their future meetings.
From then on, they started their meetings by laughing out loud without any real reason.
This false laughter soon turned into the real thing, and they realized they really could do
without the jokes. The doctor had them try different kinds of laughter, stopping every now
and then to practice deep breathing. Doctor Kataria also came up with some stretch
exercises for the neck and shoulder muscles they could do as well as deep breathing.
Today there are about 6,000 laughter clubs in 60 countries around the world. The
members of these clubs get together daily or weekly to laugh together for about 20 minutes.
They gather in parks and on beaches. Any outdoor public place will do as long as it is far
away from peoples’ houses. That way the sound of 20 or so people all laughing together
won’t disturb people in their homes. Meetings are usually held early in the morning when
there is less air pollution.
These clubs appeal to people for a number of reasons. Firstly, there are the health
benefits: club members say that it helps them with their asthma and it can help with
headaches too. According to Dr Kataria, laughter clubs also help young people. Our teenage
years can be difficult ones, he says, and laughing can help us get rid of feelings like anger or
jealousy. It can also help with the stress young people often experience at school or college.
In addition, people form friendships at laughter clubs, and will usually lend a hand to any
club member who is in trouble. For example, when the shop of one laughter club member
burnt down, the other members raised some of the money he needed to rebuild his shop.
People who have few friends or relatives find that loneliness is less of a problem after they
join a laughter club because they get to know the other people.
So, if you feel that laughter has been missing from your life recently, why not find out if
there is a laughter club in your area? It might be just what the doctor ordered.
1. Why did Doctor Kataria want to start a laughter club?
A He heard people talking about laughter in a park.
B He wanted to check to see if laughter could affect a person’s health.
C He didn’t think people in India laughed enough.
D He thought that laughter helped a person think more effectively.