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Developing Outstanding

Personal Statement:
25 Subject Specific Guides
Stephen Thomas
Introduction
The purpose of this publication is to give potential higher education applicants
a clear view of the route ahead early in Year 12. This will enable them to:
(1) Understand the ey elements of the U!"# application process without$
at this early stage$ getting too drawn into details
(2) %evelop an awareness that they will be re&uired to write a 'ersonal
#tatement in Year 1( as part of their application.
(() )ive them a clear idea of what the e*pectations for the 'ersonal
#tatement will be and of what they need to do in the run up to be in a
position to write a successful one.
(+) %evelop an awareness of enrichment activities they should pursue from
Year 12 on$ to demonstrate a commitment and enthusiasm for sub,ects
they may choose to apply for in higher education.
-or 2. of the most popular higher education courses there are photocopiable
guides with:
 #ub,ect pointers
 #uggested enrichment activities
 #uggested reading
 Useful websites for further research
c!no"ledgements
/y thans to the following colleagues for their help$ advice and suggestions:
)arry "tterton$ -aye !rocer$ "nthony %egenolb$ #heila -agan$ 0amon -riel$
#imon 1omer$ #imon 'arsons$ /ichael #enior$ 'aul #ogaard$ 2on 3elsh
#ontents
1igher 0ducation applications: the route ahead
3hat is the 'ersonal #tatement and why is it important4
1ow can 5 show my commitment to a university sub,ect 5 want to #tudy4
%rafting a 'ersonal #tatement using present e*periences$ bacground reading
and nowledge: Tas #heet
2. #ub,ect pointers$ enrichment activities$ suggested reading and useful
websites:
"rt and %esign
6iology
6usiness #tudies
!hemistry
!omputer #cience
%entistry
%rama
0conomics
0ngineering
0nglish 7iterature
)eography
1istory
7aw
/athematics
/edicine
/odern 7anguages
8ursing
'hysics
'olitics
'sychology
#ocial 3or
#ociology
#port
Teaching
9eterinary /edicine
$igher %ducation pplications: the &oute
head
 The 1igher 0ducation application process starts in earnest after "# e*ams
but you need to start thining and planning earlier than this.
 You apply online for up to . universities through U!"# by 1. 2anuary
e*cept for some art courses (2+ /arch)
 -or /edicine$ 9et #cience:/edicine or %entistry you only apply to +
universities (plus one other course) with a 1. ;ctober deadline.
 ;*ford and !ambridge also have a 1. ;ctober deadline. "pply to one or
other$ together with up to four other universities.
 5f a university lies the loo of your application they will mae you an
offer in the form of " levels grades (or e&uivalent) for e*ample 6!!$
unless you have already taen your e*ams in which case the offer will be
unconditional.
 5/';<T"8T: )et yourself into a position to appl' earl' in the
#eptember: ;ctober period of Year 1( because this may well increase
your chances of a getting offers of places from universities
(a!e the most of the )#S "ebsite: http:**"""+ucas+com
 3hen you come to submit your application early in Year 1( you will
apply through U!"# (Universities and !olleges "dmissions #ervice)
which is based in !heltenham.
 U!"# is a central organisation through which applications are processed
for entry to full=time higher education (10) courses in 0ngland$ 3ales$
#cotland and 8orthern 5reland
 Your application will be submitted online using the U!"# ppl'
website and you will be able to mae up to five course choices
#tart Using the U!"# website early in Year 12 to get a feel for what support is
available. The website gives you e*cellent advice about all stages of the
application process:
 3here to start
 !hoosing courses
 "pplying
 ;ffers
 <esults
 8e*t steps
 #tarting university or college
 U!"# terms e*plained
 U!"# Tariff
 #tudent finance
 0vents
 8ews
 5mportant dates
 -">s
There is also a very useful collection of U!"# video guides to all aspects of the
application process at the lin:
http:::www.ucas.tv:ucas:video:?@'@7
,h' Get the -ig Picture %arl' in 'ear .2/
 5f you are clear about the route ahead with regard to U!"# it will help
you to submit a strong application
 There are things you need to start thining about$ doing and eeping on
the bac burner to mae your eventual application a strong one
 5t will give you a head start compared to many students who are applying
nationally and will give you a competitive edge over other students who
have left things till the last minute
bove ll
 <esearch the possibilities and eep your options open. 8o final
decisions will be taen until early in Year 1(
 You will find !ourses to suite a wide range of " level grades from very
competitive """A to two year foundation degrees with lower offers
(passes at " level in many cases)
 /ae sure you loo at the alternatives to higher education as well$ such
as careers with training.
0inance
 1ou "ill pa' no up front fees before 'ou start a course in higher
education2 The cost of studying at university will be paid bac gradually
month by month when you are earning and will depend on how much you
are earning. You will pay nothing when you leave university unless you
are earning B21$CCC or above.
 There are plenty of bursaries to give financial support to those from
homes with lower incomes. -or some re=assuring independent financial
advice go to:
http:::www.moneysavinge*pert.com:students:student=loans=tuition=fees=
changesD1E
,hat is the Personal Statement and "h' is it important/
The 'ersonal #tatement is a very important part of your university application$
around an "+ side in length. /any courses do not interview so the 'ersonal
#tatement may be your only chance to impress selectors.
5n most cases it will be written between 2uly of Year 12 with a final version in
#eptember: ;ctober of Year 1( but if you now where you are going early in
Year 12$ it will help you to collect e*periences and engage in enrichment
activities so that you have something significant to write about when the time
comes.
The 'ersonal #tatement gives you an opportunity to:
 tell the universities and colleges why they should choose you
 tell universities and colleges about your suitability for the course(s)
that you hope to study.
 demonstrate your enthusiasm and commitment$ and above all$ ensure
that you stand out from the crowd
,hat should go into the Personal Statement/
#ome of the best advice on the 'ersonal #tatement comes from U!"# who
suggest that at least t"o thirds of 'our personal statement should relate to
the course 'ou "ish to stud' at universit' and 'our suitabilit' for it.
-or a mind=map and worsheet to help you use the lins:
http:::www.ucas.com:documents:statement:mindmap.pdf
http:::www.ucas.com:documents:statement:worsheet.pdf
U!"# also give the following important pointers about what you should
include in your 'ersonal #tatement:
3.4 ,h' 'ou are appl'ing for the course 'ou have chosen/
 3hy does the sub,ect interest you4
 evidence that 'ou understand "hat is re5uired to stud' the course
 3hat got you interested in the sub,ect4
 3hat have you learnt about the sub,ect4
 "ny activities that demonstrate your interest in the course(s)
324 ,h' 'ou are suitable for the course:
 3hich sills and e*perience do you have that will help you succeed on
the course.
 3hat have you done to develop your nowledge of the sub,ect4
 3hat evidence is there that you have read$ studied$ gained e*periences
outside the confines of your " level courses4
,hat about the %P6/
5f you are involved in this mention it in your 'ersonal #tatement
 #how how it has helped you to develop intellectually with e*amples
 #how how it has helped you learn new study and research sills
 #how how you thin it has helped you prepare for university
$o" can I sho" m' commitment to a universit' subject I
"ant to Stud'/
The first priority is to be on top of the sub,ects you are studying at " level (or
e&uivalent) because without achieving the re&uired grades you will not get a
place at university. You need to be:
 Up to date with assignments
 !over the specification thoroughly
 6e clear about the assessment criteria for each sub,ect
 1ave a good revision programme in place
The second priority is to enrich the " level sub,ect you wish to study at
university and any other related " levels by engaging in a range of activities to
broaden and deepen your nowledge and to persuade university selectors of
your commitment.
5f the sub,ect you want to study is not one of your current courses$ 0ngineering
or 9et #cience for e*ample$ the same applies. 0ngage in activities to show that
you have made a substantial effort to find out about the sub,ect and that you
have a genuine commitment to it.
&ead "idel'
 Te*tboos &uicly get out of date and have a narrow focus. <ead more
about topics you are studying and about other areas of the sub,ect that
interest you.
 )et a breadth of understanding beyond what is in the specification.
 <ead sub,ect magaFines and ,ournals to eep in touch with the latest
developments.
 'hilip "llen Updates sub,ect review magaFines are worth subscribing to
and will eep you up to date with new research and ideas in your sub,ect:
http:::magaFines.philipallan.co.u:
0ind out about the historical development and scope of the
subject
 5t helps to now how your sub,ect has developed over time and how
people approached it in the past. This will give you a better sense of
what it is about and a clearer insight into how it has reached its current
position.
 Understand that in all sub,ects there is not ,ust one way of looing at
things. There will be different perspectives$ schools of thought$different
views about how the sub,ect should be studied. 6e clear where you stand
in relation to these debates.
 ;*ford University 'ress (;U') has a very useful series of boos called
Very Short Introductions which give you e*cellent bacground to
academic sub,ects and topics within sub,ects.
 3iipedia also has some useful articles on different academic sub,ects$
their scope and historical bacground.
-e clear "h' the subject is important and "orth stud'ing
Thin about what the sub,ect has to offer.
 5t may help to bring economic and technological benefits to society.
 5t may help us to understand how humans behave.
 5t may simply be worth studying in its own right
)nderstand the importance of argument and evidence
#erious academic debate revolves around argument or attempts to persuade
others to your point of view using evidence and e*amples to support your case.
5t is important to:
 "s yourself how convincing is the evidence you are using to support
your views.
 "s others what evidence they have to support theirs and challenge it.
 -amiliarise yourself with terms$ such as argument and counter argument
and be aware of the dangers of misrepresenting $or using insufficient or
unrepresentative evidence.
 Understand the common fallacies in argument that others might use such
as correlation not causation or restricting the options.
 6e aware of the criteria we should use to decide whether sources of
evidence are reliable.
 5f you are not already studying !ritical Thining which deals with these
issues$ any !ritical Thining " level te*tboo will help you with all this
or the website:
http:::www.criticalthining.org.u
Get &elevant %7perience
 This will depend on thee sub,ect you want to study. #ome university
sub,ects lie /edicine or 9et #cience will re&uire e*tensive wor
e*perience and it is also e*pected for sub,ects such as 8ursing$ Teaching
or #ocial 3or.
 -or other sub,ects you should try to gain relevant e*periences in the
world outside school such as theatre visits for 0nglish$ industrial and
business e*perience for sub,ect such as 0conomics$ 6usiness #tudies and
0ngineering$ voluntary wor for caring careers
 " useful websites is:
http:::www.direct.gov.u:en:Young'eople:3orandcareers:3ore*perien
ceandvolunteering.
)se radio8 television8 ne"spapers and their "ebsites
productivel'
 Use the media to eep in touch with issues and debates relevant to your
sub,ect: news$ documentaries$ arts programmes$ reviews.
 <adio and television programme and newspaper websites will have
archives of programmes and articles which you can search for relevant
material. <adio +$ for e*amples has e*tensive archives of broadcasts
relevant to a wide range of academic sub,ects.
Do an %7tended Project 6ualification
 The 0'> offers the opportunity to study a topic in depth to "# level and
produce a self=directed .CCC word dissertation.
 "lthough the 0'> will not usually form part of a university offer for a
place on a course$ it gives you the opportunity to develop independent
and advanced research sills and to e*tend your nowledge of a sub,ect
that interests you.
 5f you choose a topic that is related to a course you want to study at
university it will strengthen your application$ give you something to tal
about in your 'ersonal #tatement and at interview and help you develop
sills that will be useful at university.
 Useful lin:
http:::www.a&a.org.u:&ualifications:pro,ects:e*tended=pro,ect=ep&.php
Involve 'ourself in serious tal! and debate
 6e enthusiastic about debating with and e*pressing your ideas to other
students. 5t is only in discussion and debate with others that we really
clarify what we thin.
 Test your views against others.
 %o not be defensive and get used to being rela*ed about having your
views challenged by others.
bove all do not believe all that 'ou are told: learn be
sceptical
 !onstantly &uestion views$ theories and opinions that you are faced with.
 Test every idea to destruction so that you can tell which ones really stand
up.
 Understand that what we currently thin is only the best nowledge we
have at the time.
 %onGt be too easily persuaded
0ind out about post9graduate emplo'ment
To get some sense of where you might be going after you get your degree. The
following websites are very useful:
Prospects+ac+u! "ebsite !lic H!areers adviceG lin then clic H;ptions with
your sub,ectG lin which will give you information on:
 sills the degree will give you
 ,ob options related to your degree
 ,obs for which your degree would be useful
 lins to each of the ,obs for further details
 career areas chosen by those with your degree
 where the ,obs are
 other possibilities after your degree.
The icould website: http:::icould.com: has over a thousand videos of individuals
taling about their careers with hundreds of supporting articles giving an insight
into:
 what each career involves
 what people who follow the career actually do
 what it is lie
 how they came to be where they are
 their plans for the future.
,riting a Personal Statement using present e7periences8
bac!ground reading and !no"ledge: Tas! Sheet
Tas! .
:ame ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
You have (C minutes to write part of a 'ersonal #tatement for an admissions
tutor about yourself. You do not need to write about course choice at this stage.
1ou might include:
 relevant reading and research you have carried out
 your interests and e*periences in school
 your interests and e*periences outside school
 wor e*perience
 voluntary wor
1our Personal Statement
Tas! 2
0*change your draft 'ersonal #tatement with another student and assess
whether you feel their statement captures your interest. Use the headings
below:
Strengths of the statement
,ea!nesses of the statement
Discussion
3hat do you and your fellow student need to do between now and the
beginning of Year 1( to ensure that they have done enough to be able to write a
persuasive statement4
&T :D D%SIG: D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T
#TI;ITI%S :D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 /any students complete a one=year art foundation course after Year 12:1(
to help them progress to higher education. "pplications are made direct to
the college or university running the course.
 "rt foundation courses are classified as further education so students
taing the course are not eligible for a student loan but no tuition fees are
charged to students under 1I at courses run by a local authority. !ourses
by independent$ fee=paying colleges may charge.
 -ine "rt degrees offer the studio sills associated with becoming an artist
alongside an e*ploration of the theoretical$ historical and critical
foundations of the sub,ect.
 ;n %esign degrees students tend to follow a particular course to reflect
future career option such as graphic design$ illustration$ te*tiles$ interior
design$ fashion design$ digital media$ photography and many others.
 -or most "rt and %esign courses$ you will be ased to attend an interview
or submit a portfolio of your wor (sometimes electronic)
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 )et as much e*perience in the different disciplines of art and design as
you can.
 9isit as many e*hibitions as you can in your local area and especially in
7ondon.
 <ead the arts pages of national newspapers and use their websites.
 9isit the websites of the ma,or galleries such as Tate 6ritain$ Tate
/odern$ the 8ational 'ortrait )allery$ the 8ational )allery$ the %esign
/useum$ the #aatchi )allery.
 9isit the websites of contemporary artists such as "ntony )ormley$
%amien 1irst$ %avid 1ocney$ )rayson 'erry and others to find out more
about their wor.
 Try the online e*tension activities for "# and "2 students on the 9illiers
'ar 0ducational Trust website: http:::www.villierspar=online=e*tension=
activities.org.u5 T 0 < " < Y - 0 # T 5 9"7 #
.
L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O W W . L I T
E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 Progression to Art and Design$ U!"# 6oos
 Real Life Guide: Creative Industries by @aren 1olmes
 Getting Into Art & Design !ourses b' =ames -urnett
 %esign: " 9ery #hort 5ntroduction by 2ohn 1esett
 Contemorary Art: A Very Short Introduction by 2ulian #tallabrass
 Photograhy: A Very Short Introduction by #teve 0dwards
 <ead magaFines such as the Architectural Revie!" Art #onthly" Art
Revie!" $luerint" $ritish %ournal of Photograhy" Ceramic Revie!"
&rie'e" Photograhy #onthly and Portfolio
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 Design Council for publications $ resources information about design$
case studies.
 $ritish Arts 5nformation about arts competitions$ arts events$ art
festivals and many other lins
 (our Creative &uture is a guide to educational and careers opportunities
in the creative industries
 Design #useum
 The Tate Learn )nline website and the *ate Channel which has video
clips about contemporary artists and their wor
 *heatre Design the website of the <oyal #ociety of theatre designers
 Arts Council
 Association of Photograhers"
 $ritish &ilm Institute
 Crafts Council
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this area of wor
-IO<OG1 D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S :D
&%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 /any courses prefer applicants who offer " 7evel 6iology and two other
science " 7evels.
 " 7evel 1uman 6iology:#ocial 6iology may be acceptable if
accompanied by two other science " 7evels.
 The more competitive courses prefer the two other science " 7evels to be
from !hemistry$ 'hysics$ or /athematics
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 <ead more about the topics on your course and other biology topics and
issues that you have not yet studied.
 )o on a 6iology "# and " level %ay at the 8atural 1istory /useum in
7ondon.
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you.
 0nter the 6iology ;lympiad: http:::www.biology=olympiad.org.u
 0*plore the videos articles and podcasts on the biology section of the
Podology website: http://www.podology.org.uk
 Try the online e*tension activities for "# and "2 students on the 9illiers
'ar 0ducational Trust website: http:::www.villierspar=online=e*tension
activities.org.u5 T 0 < " < Y - 0 # T 5 9"7 # . ! ; . U 333. 7 5
T 0 < " < Y - 0 # T 5 9"7 # . ! ; . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 #ubscribe to the $iological Sciences Revie! magaFine published by
'hilip "llan Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in your
school library.
 <ead +e! Scientist magaFine and visit its website:
http:::www.newscientist.com:
 Dar!in: A Very Short Introduction by 2onathan 1oward
 *he Animal ,ingdom: A Very Short Introduction by 'eter 1olland
 University of !ambridge suggested reading list at:
http:::www.bio.cam.ac.u:sbs:facbiol:mvst:eyconcepts.html
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 $iology #ad: http:::www.biologymad.com: " very useful website with
biology resources and doFens of lins to useful 6iology websites
 $iology Guide http:::www.biologyguide.net:
 66! Science and +ature website
 +ature magaFine website
 +e! Scientist "rticles on the latest science and technology news$
reports$ developments and research.
 http:::www.ibiblio.org:virtualcell:amaFingbiology:
 !ellsaliveJ http:::www.cellsalive.com:
 !entre of the !ell: http:::www.centreofthecell.org:
 6iology ;nline: http:::www.biology=online.org:
 Scientific American 5nsights !overage of developments and research in
science and technology-
.CSI*./0, = <epresents over KC science centres and discovery centres
in the U@.
 $io#ed+et +e!s 8ews and features for life scientists +atural 1istory
#useum
 $io.thics .ducation Pro2ect 3$..P4 %eals with ethical dilemmas that
arise out of modern applications of 6iology: genetic technology$
reproductive issues$ cloning$ environmental issue etc !ontent is lined to
e*am syllabus specifications.
 +atural 1istory #useum website especially the 8ature 7ive archive
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this sub,ect area
-)SI:%SS ST)DI%S D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T
#TI;ITI%S :D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 6usiness studies courses give a broad overview of how the commercial
world operates with the following topics either compulsory or optional:
#trategic /anagement
"ccounting L -inance
/areting
1< /anagement
#ociology$
7aw
/anagement #cience
0conomics
5nformation #ystems
>uantitative
Techni&ues
-oreign 7anguage(s)
 6usiness #tudies graduates are found in almost every employment sector.
"round 2CM enter employment in commercial$ industrial and public
sector management.
 "round 1EM of business studies graduates enter employment in business
and finance professional roles
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 ;rganise a wor e*perience placement with a local company to get an
idea of the range of activities within the business world.
 "ttend on of the student conference at 8ottingham University run by The
3orshop for students interested in applying for 6usiness courses at
university:
http:::www.worshop=u.net:
 -ind out more about the particular branch of business studies that
interests you..
 Use the media to eep up with current issues and debates within the
business world.
 )et a paid gap year placement with a company with the Year in 5ndustry
scheme: http:::www.etrust.org.u
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you.
. L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U
,hat should I be reading/
 #ubscribe to the $usiness Revie! magaFine published by 'hilip "llan
Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in you school library
 <ead *he .conomist magaFine
 Progression to .conomics" &inance and Accountancy$ U!"# 6oos
 Comlete A/5 $usiness Studies 1and6oo7 by 7ines$ /artin and
/arcouse
 ,ey #anagement Ideas by !rainer
 Princiles of #ar7eting by @otler and "rmstrong
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 6i'8ed website: economics and business related learning materials$ data
sets$ company information and simulations
 66! 8ews 6usiness pages on the 66! website to eep up to date with
issues in the news
 $an7 of .ngland: http:::www.banofengland.co.u:
 $usiness Lin7 : www.businesslin$gov.u 'ractical start=up advice for
businesses. !ase studies and practical information.
 6usiness3ee: http:::www.businesswee.com: )ood site for business
news and features.
 Times 100 C!" !tud#"!$ th"ory$ %u#&&"!$ 'o(p)y
#)*or(t#o) l#)k! +tk#)g you to !p"'#,' !"'t#o)! o* th"
*"tur"d 'o(p)y w"-!#t".
http://www.thetimes100.co.uk
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this area of wor
#$%(IST&1 D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S
:D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 There is a shortage of applicants for chemistry degrees despite the fact
that they can lead to a wide range of interesting careers: pharmaceuticals$
medicine$ veterinary science$ health$ agriculture$ petroleum$ cosmetics$
plastics$ the food industry and a range of careers to do with environment
 " 6#c will tae three years$ but in many cases you will be able to do a
fourth year for an /!hem or /#ci$ usually involving a research pro,ect
or some ind of industrial e*perience.
 #ome chemistry course will give the opportunity to study abroad for part
of the course.
 /ost universities will as for /aths " level and another science. 5f you
are not studying " level maths you will have to learn fast at university$
and you should apply to somewhere that will support you with this.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 Use the resources on the Chemistry 9orld website which has the latest
chemistry news$ analysis articles$ features$ opinion:
http:::www.rsc.org:chemistryworld. There is also an "ndroid and i'ad
app
 #ubscribe to the Chemistry 9orld monthly magaFine:
http:::www.rsc.org:chemistryworld:#ubscriptions.asp
 #ubscribe to the <oyal #ociety of !hemistry !hemnet website to eep up
with current developments in !hemistry as well information about
universities and details of seminars:
http:::www.rsc.org:/embership:8etworing:!hem8et:
 "ttend lectures and seminars on topics that interest you in !hemistry at
your local university.
 9isit or do wor e*perience with companies in the chemical industry or at
a chemical laboratory
 )et a paid gap year placement with a chemical company with the Year in
5ndustry scheme: http:::www.etrust.org.u
 Use www.rsc.org:profiles for case studies of chemistry graduates
woring in a range of careers$ with information about how they got there
and what their ,ob involves
 Use www.futuremorph.org for information on science careers
F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 #ubscribe to the Chemistry Revie! magaFine published by 'hilip "llan
Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in you school library
 Degrees in Chemistry and the Chemical Sciences is an e*cellent '%-
guide on the <#! website:
http:::www.rsc.org:images:%egreesNinN!hemistry=
TheN0ssentialN)uideNtcm1K=1C(((.pdf
 The Fontana History of Chemistry b' ,illiam -roc!
 Periodic Tales: The Curious Lives of the Elements b' $ugh b' Philip
-all
 #olecules: A Very Short Introduction by 'hilip 6all
 #olecules at an .:hi6ition (The #cience of 0veryday 7ife) by 2ohn
0msle
 *he +e! Chemistry by 8ina 1all
 +ature;s $uilding $loc7s: An A/5 Guide to the .lements by 2. 0msley
 9hy Chemical Reactions 1aen by 2ames @eeler and 'eter 3others
 A Short 1istory of +early .verything by 6ill 6ryson
 1o! to &ossilise (our 1amster by /ic ;G1are
 *he Periodic *a6le by 'rimo 7evi
 -or the University of ;*ford !hemistry suggested reading list go to:
http:::www.o*.ac.u:admissions:undergraduateNcourses:courses:suggeste
dNreading.html
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 Royal Society of Chemistry: http:::www.rsc.org: has support resources for
chemistry students$ careers advice and advice on studying chemistry
 Chemistry/degrees-co-u7 is a small site offering advice to students
preparing for a chemistry application to university with help on personal
statements$ interviews$ te*tboos and choosing a degree. )o to the lin
http:::www.chemistry=degree.co.u:te*t6oos.html for useful advice on
chemistry te*tboos
 #olecule of the #onth is a 6ristol University site with &uiry information
about molecules
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this sub,ect area
#O(P)T%& S#I%:#% D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T
#TI;ITI%S :D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 !omputer #cience courses tend to focus on software engineering and the
development of computer solutions$ covering such fields as database
design$ networ systems and the 5nternet as well as areas lie games
design$ artificial intelligence and cybernetics.
 You need strong maths sills$ an interest in physics or electronics$ and to
be good at technical problem solving as well as analytical sills$ the
ability to use abstract concepts and symbols and the capacity for
independent wor.
 5f you are new to programming$ it is recommended that you pic up at
least one computer language because languages change &uicly and you
will be e*pected to learn more than one.
 5!T courses tend to focus on the use of 5!T in business and the ways in
which computers can be used to inform$ improve or control business
decisions and procedures
 /odules such as games design$ programming and software engineering
will be found on !omputer #cience and 5!T courses but research your
course carefully because content can vary considerably. 5nformation
systems or 6usiness 5nformation #ystems might be alternative courses.
,hat Should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 )ain as much e*perience of woring with computers and programmes in
a wide variety of conte*t as you can
 )et wor e*perience with a computer company or a company with a large
5T department
 )et a paid gap year placement in an 5T company or the 5T department of
a company with the Year in 5ndustry scheme:
http:::www.etrust.org.u:yearNinNindustry.cfm
 0nter the 6ritish 5nformatics ;lympiad: http:::www.olympiad.org.u:
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you
 5f you are female$ investigate the 9omen in *echnology website which
has advice on getting into 5!T and information about the "?5;# " #tar
awards which offer bursaries to encourage female students into 5!T:
http:::www.womenintechnology.co.u
,hat should I be reading/
 *he Comuter: A Very Short Introduction" Darrel Ince" ):ford 0niversity
Press
 )ut of *heir #inds 6y D Shasha and Cathy La'ere-
 *he Pattern on the Stone: *he Simle Ideas *hat #a7e Comuters 9or7
6y Daniel 1illis-
 *he Pleasures of Counting by Tom @Orner.
 *he Code $oo7 by #imon #ingh.
 Algorithmics: *he Sirit of Comuting by %avid 1arel.
 *he +e! *uring )mni6us by " @ee %ewdney.
 "rticles by #ara <obinson: http:::www.msri.org:people:members:sara:
 "rticles by 6rian 1ayes in "merican #cientist archived at:
http:::www.americanscientist.org:authors:detail:brian=hayes
 )ood suggested reading list from ;*ford University !omputer #cience
department:
http:::www.comlab.o*.ac.u:admissions:ugrad:6acgroundNreading
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 !omputer #cience Unplugged: http:::csunplugged.org:
 !#+-8 !omputer #cience for -un website with twice=yearly magaFine
 ;*ford University )eom7ab website:
http:::www.cs.o*.ac.u:geomlab:home.html
 The website for web developers and web designers:
http:::www.webreference.com:
 coolhomeages for website design: http:::www.coolhomepages.com:
 The online computer dictionary: http:::www.webopedia.com:
 ho!stuff!or7s: http:::computer.howstuffwors.com:dns.htm
 The 5T encylopaedia and learning centre: http:::whatis.techtarget.com:
 'rospects: www. prospects .ac.u 9ery good on computer science:5T
careers
D%:TIST&1 D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S
:D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 1igh academic ability necessary but not sufficient.
 You will need to provide evidence that you are caring and sensitive that
you have team wor and leadership sills and can communicate clearly
and effectively.
 0vidence of manual de*terity is very important: model=maing$
handicrafts$ musical ability$ embroidery and you may need to tae this
evidence to the interview.
 There are only 1P dental schools and competition is strong maing
dentistry one of the most competitive sub,ects.
 You will need to tae the U@!"T selection test for most dental schools.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 3or e*perience in a variety of dental settings is very important: general
dental practice is necessary$ together with settings such as private
dentistry$ orthodontics$ hospital dentistry$ a dental laboratory$ oral and
ma*illofacial surgery and in a community dental practice. 0*perience in
different socio=economic areas is also useful.
 Use the 6ritish %ental "ssociation &ind a Dentist webpage to find wor
e*perience placements.
 You need to show evidence of sustained voluntary commitment$ to
helping and caring for people in settings other than dentistry itself$ for
e*ample$ in a home for old people.
 5t is advisable to find out as much as you can about the structure of
dentistry profession and how dentists are trained at university and the
routes and options after &ualification.
 9isit the 6ritish %ental "ssociation /useum at P+ 3impole #treet in
7ondon
 Use the 6ritish %ental "ssociation <D #outh resource on their website.
. L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 Getting Into Dental School -y Adam Cross
 Getting Into Dental School -y Steven Piumatti
 Succeeding in your Application to Dental School: How to
Prepare the Perfect !AS Personal Statement -y Matt
Green
 Dental School Inter"iew Guide -y Matthew Brutsche
 #$ford Hand%oo& of Applied Dental Sciences -y Cr#!p#)
S'ully
 Standards for Dental Professionals and the First
Five Years /0F ,l" o) th" 1")"rl 0")tl Cou)'#l w"-!#t"
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 6ritish %ental 1ealth "ssociation website: http:::www.dentalhealth.org
 )eneral %ental !ouncil website
 The 6ritish %ental 2ournal website
 81# !areers website including Starting a Career as a Dentist web=pages
and '%- boolet on 9or7 .:erience in the +1S
 9olunteering 0ngland website
 SciCentral collects breaing research news from reputable sources
including health sciences.
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this area of wor
D&( :D T$%T&% ST)DI%S D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8
%:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S :D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 You will need to thin about whether you wish to apply to drama colleges
or university or both and choose between a practical performance degree
and a more academically inclined &ualification. There are also non=
degree courses available.
 5f you want to act you can also apply to drama colleges such as <"%" as
well as your . U!"# application places. The top drama schools typically
have over 11$CCC applicants for 1.CC places. "uditioning will be vitally
important.
 "s well as acting in theatre$ film$ musicals$ circus and mime$ drama
encompasses writing$ set design$ directing$ stage management$ lighting
and sound.
 "cting wor is very hard to get into with twice as many female as male
applicants to drama school$ so you need to be bear this in mind before
taing a decision about what ind of course to apply for.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 #ee as much live theatre as you can in your local area and in 7ondon.
 <ead more by authors you are studying and te*ts from contrasting periods
of drama history: )ree:2acobean:<estoration$ for e*ample
 )et as much acting and production e*perience as you can in school and
with local drama groups or theatres.
 )et involved with youth theatre schools such as #ylvia Young$ or
#tagecoach and ,oin youth groups at your local professional theatre.
 %o wor e*perience or wor shadowing at a local theatre.
 5f you have the chance of professional acting find yourself an agent to
help you get e*tras wor$ advertising and audition e*perience.
 -ind out if your regional 66! and 5T9 have youth acting groups.
 )o on the 8ational Youth Theatre #ummer #chool.
 )o to the 0dinburgh -estival.
. L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 (ear of the ,ing by "ntony #her
 *ales from an Actor=s Life by #teven 6eroff
 *he .mty Sace by 'eter 6roo
 .:erimental *heatre by 2ames <oose=0vans
 *heatre Studies by #imon !ooper and #ally /acey
 <ead *he Stage newspaper and use its website:
http:::www.thestage.co.u: for the latest theatre news
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 +ational Council for Drama *raining website especially the Guide to
*raining section
 Conference of Drama Schools: www.drama.ac.u for information on
courses$ funding and other website lins. %ownloadable '%- guides on
courses and on careers.
 "rts !ouncil Get into *heatre website
 0,P/Arts: Performing rts www.uperformingarts.co.u: #earchable inde* of
U@ performing arts colleges$ 7ondon performing arts courses$ acting
classes$ musical theatre courses$ 7ondon performing arts colleges
 .>uity$ the actorsG trade union website has advice$ lins and fact=sheets
on careers in the theatre.
 Search the Arts: www.search=the=arts.com " directory for dance$ drama$
music$ arts$ training$ education$ classes$ theatre$ film$ television$ technical
theatre$ schools$ shows$ event listings.
 0, *heatre 9e6: Theatre$ opera$ dance and concert information:
www.utw.co.u
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this area of wor
%#O:O(I#S D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S
:D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have relevant and interesting something to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 0conomics is one of the most popular degree choices in the U@ and thus
e*periences a high level of competition not only at ;*bridge and 7#0 but
also at several other top universities.
 #ome courses re&uire "=level /aths$ but most do not.
 9irtually all re&uire )!#0 /aths at grade ! or 6.
 8o courses re&uire "=level 0conomics$ although it may be an advantage.
 #tudents studying on a 6#c 0conomics degree course will learn pure
mathematics and statistical theory and techni&ues for application in
economic theory
 #tudents studying on a 6" 0conomics degree course may use some
mathematics$ but to a much lesser e*tent than those on a 6#c 0conomics
programme.
,hat should I be doing/ Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 @eep up to date with economic issues in the news in the H&ualityG press
and on their websites
 &ollo! the Pu6lic Lectures and .vents: odcasts and videos lin on the
7ondon #chool of economics website
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you
 %o some wor e*perience in industry$ business or finance
 Try the online e*tension activities for "# and "2 students on the 9illiers
'ar 0ducational Trust website: http:::www.villierspar=online=e*tension=
activities.org.u5 T 0 < " < Y - 0 # T 5 9"7 #
.
L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W . L I T E R
,hat should I be reading/
 .conomics: A Very Short Introduction$ by 'artha %asgupta$ ;*ford
University 'ress
 #ubscribe to .conomics Revie! and $usiness Revie! magaFines
published by 'hilip "llan Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they
are in your school library
 *he .conomist magaFine
 Progression to .conomics" &inance and Accountancy$ U!"# 6oos
 *he 0ndercover .conomist and *he Logic of Life by T 1arford
 *he Ascent of #oney: A &inancial 1istory of the 9orld by 8iall
-erguson
 &rea7onomics and Suerfrea7onomics by # % 7evitt and # 2 %ubner
 *he Return of Deression .conomics and the Crisis of ?@@A by '
@rugman
 *he $ottom $illion: 9hy the Poorest Countries are &ailing and 9hat
Can 6e Done a6out it by ' !ollier
 #icroeconomics and $ehavior by < -ran
 #acroeconomics: .uroean .dition by 8 ) /aniw and / ' Taylor
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 66! 8ews 0conomy$ )lobal 0conomy and 6usiness webpages
 The 9hy Study .conomicsB website is very useful and gives invaluable
advice on such things as:
o 3hat &ualifications do 5 need to study economics4
o 3hat &ualities do 5 need4
o 3here can 5 study 0conomics4
o 3hat maes a good 0conomics department4
o 1ow do 5 apply4
o 3hat maes a good 0conomics personal statement
o 3hat is economics at university lie4
o " day in the life of an 0conomics student.
 Studying .conomics is the sister site of 9hy Study .conomics and is
aimed at economics undergraduates but is useful for " level students
 6i'8ed website: economics and business related learning materials$ data
sets$ company information and simulations. 5ncludes the 9irtual 0conomy
= an online model of the economy based on the Treasury model = and the
9irtual %eveloping !ountry where you can tae a series of economics=
related virtual field trips.
%:GI:%%&I:G D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S
:D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 #ome degree give you a general engineering education but re&uire you
to specialise in one of the disciplines. ;thers allow you to specialise
from the beginning: The main engineering disciplines are: "eronautical
0ngineering$ !hemical 0ngineering$ !ivil 0ngineering$ 0lectrical
0ngineering$ /echanical 0ngineering$ 5nformation and 5nformation
#ystems 0ngineering
 /athematics is a re&uirement for virtually all 60ng:/0ng courses at "=
level standard. #ome universities only as for an "#$ providing the
applicant offers a full "=level in 'hysics.
 -urther /athematics would benefit an engineering applicant at the top
universities.
 'hysics is the primary QpreferredQ sub,ect. !hemistry is preferred (and
often re&uired) for many chemical engineering applicants.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 "rrange some wor e*perience with an engineering company if you can.
 -ind an engineering mentor on the $rightsides website.
 -ind out more about the particular branch of engineering that interests
you.. L
 ;rganise a team through 0%T for the 0ngineering 0ducation #cheme
which lins teams of year 12 astudetns ansd their teacher with local
companies to wor on real scientific$ engineering and technological
problems: http:::www.etrust.org.u
 0%T also offer + day residential 1eadstart university course to help you
chosose the right degree: http:::www.etrust.org.u
 )et a paid gap year placement with an engineering company with the
Year in 5ndustry scheme: http:::www.etrust.org.u
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you.
T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W . L I T
E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 Progression to .ngineering and #athematics$ U!"# 6oos
 .ngineering: A Very Short Introduction" %avid 6locley. ;*ford
University 'ress
 Civil .ngineering: A Very Short Introduction$ %avid /uir 3ood$ ;*ford
University 'ress
 *he Comuter: A Very Short Introduction" Darrel Ince" ):ford 0niversity
Press
 !ambridge University suggested reading at:
htt:88!!!-eng-cam-ac-u78admissions8information8reading-html
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 The 5nstitution of !hemical 0ngineers
 The 5nstitution of !ivil 0ngineers
 The 5nstitution of 0ngineering and Technology
 The 5nstitution of /echanical 0ngineers
 The 5nstitution of 8uclear 0ngineers
 The 5nstitution of #tructural 0ngineers
 <oyal "eronautical #ociety
 Construction +e!s: www.cnplus.co.u
 +e! Civil .ngineer: ww.nce.co.u
 Prosects: www.prospects.ac.u 9ery good on engineering careers
 $rightside engineering pages for information about studying engineering$
careers and case studies of Hreal world engineeringG.
 8ational #T0/ !entre !e6site
 (oung .ngineers: http:::www.youngeng.org
 .ngineerGuy-com is a fascinating website e*plaining how thing wor
%:G<IS$ <IT%&T)&% D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T
#TI;ITI%S :D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 0nglish is one of the most competitive and popular university sub,ects
with around P applicants for each place.
 You will need to achieve """ or ""6 or e&uivalent in most cases
although you will find some lower offers.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 )o to the theatre to see serious plays.
 3atch arts programmes on T9 and i'layer: *he Culture Sho!" +e!snight
Revie!" the $oo7 Sho!
 7oo at the author interview archive of videos on #yGs $oo7 Sho!
website.
 Use the )uardian $oo7 Clu6 website for a access to interviews$ podcasts$
and tals on literature.
 Use the Poetry Archive website which has recordings of poets past and
present reading their wor with bacground material to help understand
the conte*t of their wor. There are also filmed interviews on the writing
lives of poets.
 )o to literature festivals: !heltenham$ 6ath$ 1ay$ 0dinburgh$ 7ondon
and many other places to listen to authors tal about their wor.
7iterature -estival calendar at: www.literaryfestivals.co.u
 7oo at the websites of contemporary authors such as 5an /c0wan$
2ulian 6arnes.
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you
 Try the online e*tension activities for "# and "2 students on the 9illiers
'ar 0ducational Trust website: http:::www.villierspar=online=e*tension=
activities.org.u5 T 0 < " < Y - 0 # T 5 9"7 #
W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 <ead more te*ts by authors you are studying: novels plays and poetry
 0*plore new authors
 .nglish Literature: A Very Short Introduction by 2onathan 6ate$ ;*ford
University 'ress
 Doing .nglish: A Guide for Literature Students by <obert 0aglestone
 #ubscribe to the .nglish Revie! magaFine published by 'hilip "llan
Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in your school library
 #ubscribe to emaga'ine and use its website .nglish and #edia Centre
 <ead authors from different historical periods
 )ood suggested reading list on the University !ollege 7ondon website:
http:::www.ucl.ac.u:english:prospective:ug:reading1+=1K.htm
 <ead boo$ theatre and poetry reviews in the H&ualityG press and on their
websites
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 The 9hy Study .nglish site is a very important website and gives
e*cellent pointers about applying for 0nglish degrees and studying
0nglish at university: 3hy #tudy 0nglish 7iterature4 !hoosing
a University$ 0ntrance re&uirements$ 'ersonal #tatements$ 3hatQs
#tudying 0nglish 7ie4 3hat You #tudy = 7iterature$ 3hat You #tudy =
7anguage$ 3hat %o You %o "ll %ay4 " #tudentQs 9iew
 The After .nglish website loos at opportunities for 0nglish 7iterature
graduates after university
 The Converse website is a collection of multimedia resources$ games and
essay to help students of 0nglish 7iterature resulting from a pro,ect
between !ambridge University and schools across the country:
http:::www.english.cam.ac.u:converse:
 $oo7seller 9orld has lins to websites of and about authors past and
present: http:::www.boosellerworld.com:author=websites.htm
 5nterviews with and tals by contemporary authors at the 1ay -estival
archive: https:::www.hayfestival.com
 5nterviews with and tals by contemporary authors on the !live 2ames
website: http:::www.clive,ames.com:
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs after an 0nglish degree.
G%OG&P$1 D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S
:D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 You can follow 6" or 6#c degrees in )eography depending on the
combination of " levels you have studied
 !ontent of courses will vary with some putting greater emphasis on
human$ physical$ economic or social geography. -or physical geography
courses$ " level science sub,ects are preferred.
,hat should I be doing/ Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond+
 Travel and e*perience as wide a range of environments$ climates$ urban
and rural settings as you can.
 Tae opportunities to do as much fieldwor as you can. There will be
opportunities to write about your fieldwor e*periences in your personal
statement or at interview.
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you.
 6ecome a student member of the local branch of the )eographical
"ssociation or a member of the <oyal )eographical #ociety and use their
services and websites: http:::www.geography.org.u and www.rgs.org
 Use the 11=1I and University )eography sections of the <oyal
)eographical #ociety website for ideas and resources.
 @eep up to date with current events relevant to )eography on the 66!
especially the 3eather and the #cience and 8ature webpages.
 @eep up to date with daily T9 and radio news coverage$ as well as the
66!Gs 1ori'on$ Cuestion *ime" +e!snight and Panorama for issues
relevant to )eography. The 66! 8ews website is very useful especially
the contributions of %avid #hucman the #cience editor who is a
geographer.
I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 #ubscribe to the Geograhy Revie! magaFine published by 'hilip "llan
Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in you school library
 +ational Geograhic magaFine www.nationalgeographic.com
 @ings !ollege$ 7ondon have a very useful reading list on their website at:
http:::www.ings.cam.ac.u:study:undergraduate:offerholders:reading=
lists:geography.html
 Geograhy: A Very Short Introduction by 2ohn ". /atthews$ %avid T.
1erbert
 Glo6al Catastrohes: A Very Short Introduction by 6ill /c)uire
 Glo6ali'ation A Very Short Introduction by /anfred #teger
 An Introduction to Physical Geograhy and the .nvironment by 2oseph
1olden
 Atmoshere" 9eather and Climate by 6arry$ !horley and !hase
 An Introduction to Coastal Processes and Geomorhology by /asselin and
1ughes
 Study S7ills for Geograhy: " 'ractical )uide by 'auline @neale
 An Introduction to 1uman Geograhy: Issues for the ?Dst Century by
'eter %aniels $ /ichael 6radshaw$ %enis #haw and 2ames #idaway.
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 *he #et )ffice: www.metoffice.gov.u
 *he Royal Geograhical Society: www.rgs.org especially the Geograhy
in the +e!s lin7
 *he )rdnance Survey: www.ordnance survey.co.u
 *he .nvironment Agency www.environmentagency.co.u:floods
 0conet: www.econet.org.u:weather:floods
 *he Po!er of Geograhy: http:::www.thepowerofgeography.co.u: is
very good on the applications of )eography in the world of business
 Peole and Planet: www.peopleandplanet.org.u
 0nited +ations: www.un.org
 ):fam: www.o*fam.org.u
 Internet Geograhy: www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.u
 Deartment for .nvironment" &ood and Rural Affairs: www.defra.gov.u
 &ood and Agricultural )rganisation: www.fao.org:
 GeoResources: www.georesources.co.u
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this sub,ect area
$ISTO&1 D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S :D
&%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something to write about. 1ere are some suggestions for
activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 You will need high predicted grades of at least ""6 for most courses.
 There is a tremendous variety of courses covering different historical
periods and the history of different countries.
 "lthough 1istory is a non=vocational sub,ect the graduate employment
pattern for historians is encouraging.
,hat should I be doing/ Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond+
 <ead more te*ts by authors writing about the periods of history that you
are studying R do not rely solely on those te*tboos written specifically
for the " 7evel maret but aim to read more widely referring to the wor
of at least one professional historian.
 0*plore periods of history that are new to youS if you have studied
twentieth century history at both )!#0 and " 7evel$ widen your
historical horiFons by reading about ancient <ome or )reece$ the
!rusades$ the <enaissance$ Tudor 0ngland$ the #cramble for "frica.
 Understand that there are different inds of history: 1istory as the study
of HgreatG individuals$ history as HprogressG$ history as a social science$ the
"nnales school$ /ar*ist history$ "nti=/ar*ist history$ -eminist history$
'ost=modernist history.
 <ead about what history is and how it has changed through timeS thin
about the value of a study in depth in contrast to a broader more thematic
study of the past.
 9isit sites of historical importance. You will probably have visited many
historical sites already as part of school : family trips. Thin about their
value as windows into the world of the pastS thin about what they reveal
about the culture$ values and social mores of a bygone era.
 )et wor e*perience in a museum.
 )o on archaeological digs.
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you.
 Try the online e*tension activities for "# and "2 students on the 9illiers
'ar 0ducational Trust website: http:::www.villierspar=online=e*tension=
activities.org.u5 T 0 < " < Y - 0 # T 5 9"7 #
L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U E R A F
V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 1istory a Very Short Introduction by 2ohn 1 "rnold$ ;*ford University
'ress
 In Defence of 1istory by <ichard 0vans
 *he 0ses and A6uses of 1istory by /argaret /acmillan
 #ubscribe to 2Cth !entury 1istory Revie! magaFine published by 'hilip
"llan Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in you school
library
 <ead the magaFine 1istory *oday
 <ead reviews of new history boos in the H&ualityG press and on their
websites
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 ;*ford University 1istory off the Shelf website
 The 66! 1istory website and history documentaries on i'layer
 !hannel + 1istory website and history programmes on +o%
 The Revie!s in 1istory website which reviews recent boos and other
resources which have been published
 The websites and web archives of any of the ma,or museums such as the
6ritish /useum covering periods of history that interest you
<, D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S :D
&%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
There are two main routes into 7aw
1. " 7aw degree plus law training
2. " degree in a sub,ect other than 7aw degree plus lengthier law training
>ualities needed: wor intensively$ analytical$ logical$ draw fine distinctions$
communicate and listen effectively.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 9isit a /agistratesG and !rown court in your area
 9isit the #upreme !ourt and <oyal !ourts of 2ustice in 7ondon
 %o wor e*perience with a solicitor or barrister or in the legal department
of a large company or local council
 -ind out about the branches of law other than criminal law
 -ollow some current trials in the media especially the court report pages
of the &uality press and thin and read about the issues they raise
 )et as much debating e*perience as you can
 #ign up for free copies of (oung La!yer magaFine:
http:::www.solicitors,ournal.com
 "ttend one of the 0*ploring 7aw student conferences courses at
8ottingham University run by The 3orshop for students interested in
applying for 7aw at university:
http:::www.worshop=u.net:
 5f you are not already studying it read some boos about !ritical
Thining which provide a very useful bacground for the analytical sills
needed for law
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you
 Try the online e*tension activities for "# and "2 students on the 9illiers
'ar 0ducational Trust website: http:::www.villierspar=online=e*tension=
activities.org.u5 T 0 < " < Y - 0 # T 5 9"7 #
,hat should I be reading/
 Progression to La!$ U!"# 6oos
 9hat A6out the La!: Studying La! at 0niversity by 6arnard$ ;G#ullivan
and 9irgo
 La!: A Very Short Introduction$ by <aymond 3acs$ ;*ford University
'ress
 1uman Rights: A Very Short Introduction$ by "ndrew !laphan$ ;*ford
University 'ress
 *he Rule of La!$ by Tom 6ingham
 *he %ustice Game$ )eoffrey <obertson
 %ust La!$ 1elena @ennedy
 Defending the Guilty$ "le* /cbride
 #ubscribe to the A Level La! Revie! magaFine published by 'hilip "llan
Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in you school library
5f you want to go into more depth ;*ford recommend:
 1ow to #tudy 7aw by " 6radney et al
 Understanding 'ublic 7aw by ! )anF
 Understanding 7aw 2 "dams and < 6rownsword
 Understanding !ontract 7 aw by ! !larson
 Understanding !riminal 7aw by by ! !larson
 /odern 0nglish 7egal #ystem by #mith and 6ailey
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 66! La! in Action web=pages
 )uardian website 7aw pages
 $eing a %uror web=pages good on how courts wor
,uror.c,sonline.gov.u
 6rightside website law pages for careers$ studying law$ famous cases and
#potlight on 7aw
 Times ;nline: *he Cases that Changed $ritain
 'athways to 7aw website to put you in touch with law specialists who
will mentor you.
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this area of wor
(T$%(TI#S D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S
:D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 /athematics graduates have god career prospects in education$ finance$
government$ research 5T$ insurance
 5t is essential to have taen " 7evel maths or e&uivalent if you want to
study /athematics at university. #ome universities also as for some
-urther /aths modules and this will increase you chances of being
accepted on a course$ particularly at a competitive university.
,hat should I be doing/ Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond+
 %evelop an interestS nowledge and e*pertise in a particular aspect of
your /aths " level that interests you.
 )et involved in wider reading.
 0nter maths competitions such as the U@ /athematical !hallenge and
6ritish /athematical ;lympiad.
 2oin or start a maths club in your school or college.
 Try the online e*tension activities for "# and "2 students on the 9illiers
'ar 0ducational Trust website: http:::www.villierspar=online=e*tension=
activities.org.u
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you.
 The 6ridging the )ap web=pages on the ;*ford University website has
interesting handouts and transcripts of lectures of interest to
mathematicians:
http:::www.maths.o*.ac.u:prospective=
students:undergraduate:bacground
 Use the handouts for single " level /aths students applying to university
on the ;*ford University website at:
http:::www.maths.o*.ac.u:prospective=students:undergraduate:single=a=
level
@
33. 7 5 T 0 < " < Y - 0 # T 5 9"7 # . ! ; . U @
,hat should I be reading/
 Progression to .ngineering and #athematics$ U!"# 6oos
 *he 1istory of #athematics: A Very Short Introduction by 2ac&ueline
#tedall
 #athematics: A Very Short Introduction by Timothy )owers$ ;*ford
University 'ress
 Story of +um6ers by 2. /c7eish
 Concets of #odern #athematics" &rom 1ere to Infinity" +ature=s
+um6ers"Does God lay Dice4 "ll by 5an #tewart
 9hat is #athematics4 by <ichard !ourant and 1erbert <obbins
 *he #usic of the Primes: 9hy an 0nsolved Pro6lem in #athematics
#atters by /arcus du #autoy
 &inding #oonshine: A #athematician=s %ourney *hrough Symmetry by
/arcus du #autoy
 Indra=s Pearls: *he Vision of &eli: ,lein$ by %avid /umford$ !aroline
#eries$ %avid 3right
 *he Pleasures of Counting by T. 3. @orner (!ambridge University 'ress
1IIP)S showing the inds of problems that interest mathematicians-
 *he $oo7 of +um6ers by 2ohn 1. !onway and <ichard @. )uy
 Calculus Gems by ). -. #immons.
 *he #athematical .:erience by '.2. %avis and <. 1ersch (6irhauser
1IIE).
 *he Shae of Sace by 2effrey <. 3ees
 &ermat;s Last *heorem by #imon #ingh
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 www.cam.ac.u:admisions:undergraduate:re&uirements
 www.maths.cam.ac.u :undergrad:admissions:
 www.stepmathematics.org.u
 www.nrich.maths.org.u
 http:::meilriggs.org.u
 www.priore*ams.com
 United @ingdom /athematics Trust website
 6ritish /athematical ;lympiad !ommittee site
(%DI#I:% D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S :D
&%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 /edicine is one of the most competitive courses. " significant proportion
of student will receive no offers at all even though predicted at least three
"s grades.
 You have to thin very carefully about your application and mae sure
you fulfil all the re&uirements if you are to put yourself into a competitive
position.
 "cademic ability is not enough and you will also need to demonstrate the
ability to be sensitive and caring towards others and provide evidence of
this.
 >ualities needed: integrity$ confidentiality$ caring$ compassion$
commitment$ responsibility$ and a spirit of en&uiry.
 You may have to tae either the 6/"T or U@!"T selection test.
 !hec on the )!#0 re&uirements for different courses which can be very
specific
,hat should I be doing/ Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond+
 -ind out about the different ways in which medical courses are
structured: the traditional course$ problem based learning and integrated
courses$ to find which will suit you.
 5t is very important to start wor e*perience as early in Year 12 as you
can. (=+ wees or more may be needed but you should loo at the
specific re&uirements of particular medical schools.
 Use the '%- 9or7 e:erience in the +1S which is on the 81# website to
help you with your placements.
 )et a range of different e*periences in variety of settings hospital wor$
)'$ socially different areas. @eep a ,ournal of insights to draw on when
you write your personal statement.
 0vidence of Hsustained voluntary commitmentG is e&ually important $ for
e*ample$ woring with old people.
 /ae sure that you are clear about what you have gained from your
placements$ as intelligent &uestions$ perhaps eep a log=boo or diary to
record insights and e*periences.
 "ttend one of the medicine student conferences courses at 8ottingham
University run by The 3orshop for students interested in applying for
medicine at university: http:::www.worshop=u.net:
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you.
. L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U
,hat should I be reading/
 .idemiology: A Very Short Introduction by <odolfo #aracci
 *he 1istory of #edicine: A Very Short Introduction$ by 3illiam 6ynum.
;*ford University 'ress
 #edical .thics: A Very Short Introduction by Tony 1ope$ ;*ford
University 'ress
 #ubscribe to the Student $ritish #edical %ournal
 ;*ford suggested reading list at:
http:::www.o*.ac.u:admissions:undergraduateNcourses:courses:suggeste
dNreading.html
 !ambridge suggested reading list at:
http:::www.bio.cam.ac.u:sbs:facbiol:mvst:eyconcepts.html
 $ad Science by 6en )oldacre
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 *he $ig Pro2ect has a comprehensive list of lins to a large number of
U@ and international charitable organisations many of which give
opportunities to volunteers:
http:::www.thebigpro,ect.co.u:linsNcharities.htm
 66! 8ews 1ealth website for topical news and issues
 /edicine and 1ealthcare section of the $right ,no!ledge website
 81# !hoices website
 3ellcome Trust website for the latest medical research
 Royal College of General Practitioners website
 IS#/edical for support to applicants and medical interview courses
 /inistry of 0thics website for video case material and support material
on medical ethics issues
 'rospects: www.prospects.ac.u 9ery good on medical careers
 SciCentral collects breaing research news from the most reputable and
reliable sources including health sciences.
(OD%&: <:G)G%S D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T
#TI;ITI%S :D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 7anguages degrees vary in content. #ome focus on literature or language$
some on both. #ome will place the emphasis on interpretation and or
translation$ some on the cultural$ political and social aspects of the
country.
 /ost degrees last for four years with one year studying abroad.
 #ome degrees will offer the opportunity to study more than one language.
 To be a strong applicant you need to have sound nowledge of the
language(s) you are applying for$ both written and spoen$ and a clear
interest in the society$ civilisation and culture of the country itself.
 2ob prospects are good$ with career options in translating$ interpreting and
teaching$ but also in the civil and diplomatic services.
 "round 1CM of language graduates obtain their first ,ob after graduation
outside the U@.
,hat should I be doing/ Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond+
 9isit the countries that spea the language you are studying as often as
you can and go on school e*changes.
 @eep up regular lins and communication with students you have met or
stayed with on your e*change.
 <ead relevant foreign magaFines$ newspapers and watch television
programmes and news in languages that you are studying on satellite T9
 <ead boos in the foreign language or in 0nglish translation$ and go and
see films or plays by relevant foreign authors.
 3atch -rench films on the !inemoi channel and rent films in other
languages that you are studying from 7ove-ilm.com and other sources
and watch new foreign films in your local independent cinema.
,hat should I be reading/
 Languages: A Very Short Introduction by #tephen "nderson
 *he Discovery of &rance by )raham <obb
 *he Secret Life of &rance by 7ucy 3adham
 France 1815-2003: Modern History for Modern Languages
(Modern History of Modern Languages) by Martin Evans
 Germany Divided and Reunited DEFG/ED by ngela <eonard and :igel
-ushnell
 The er!in "a!!: 13 #ugust 1$%1 - $ &o'e()er 1$8$ by
Frederick Taylor
 The &e* +,aniards by John Hooper
 The as-ue History .f The "or!d by Mark Kurlansky
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 $$C Languages webpages www.bbc.co.u:languages
 *he +ational Languages !e6site !57T www.cilt.org.u
 *he Charted Institute of Linguists www.iol.org.u
0rench
 7ins to all ma,or -rench newspapers at:
http:::corumcle.edresE+.ac=grenoble.fr:presse:pressefr.htm
 *he Academie &rancaise www.academie=francaise.fr
 *he Institute de &rance www.institut=de=france
 *he Society for &rench Studies www.sfs.ac.u
 *he A6out &rance website for information about -rance and about
studying there: http:::about=france.com
German
 5nformation and resources about )erman society: www.planet=wissen.de
 5nformation about )ermany relevant to young people: www.young=
germany.de:deutsch
 Up to date information about )erman society: www.tatsachen=ueber=
deutschland.de:online
 *he Goethe Institute www.goethe.de
 $undes'entrale fHr Politische $ildung website www.bpb.de =
 www.sowieso.de
 -or daily news written$ video$ podcast and archived www.tagesschau.de =
www.morgenpost.de
 5n depth national and international coverage of news www.welt.de R
 )eneral website about )ermany www.germanonline.com
#areers
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this sub,ect area
 -urther advice on careers with a language degree
http:::www.ent.ac.u:careers:modernlanguages.htm
:)&SI:G D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S :D
&%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 " professional &ualification is essential for ,obs within nursing.
0mployers also loo at your wider personal sills and abilitiesS the way
you engage with people and a strong sense of professionalism$ for
e*ample$ are crucial.
 8ursing is now one of the most popular university sub,ects with .
applications for each place.
 #ome courses will re&uire 6iology " level or another science. /ost will
as for )!#0 grade !s in 0nglish$ /aths and #cience.
 "pply for a particular type of nursing: adult nursing$ mental health
nursing$ childrenGs nursing$ learning disability nursing.
 /ae sure you understand how the training and career structure of
nursing is organised.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
Try to do a range of wor e*perience:
 #upporting younger students in your school or college
 9oluntary wor
 3oring in a youth club
 0*perience in helping older people is very important because a high
proportion of the patients you will deal with will be old
 !harity wor
 3oring with the disabled
 5f possible$ some wor e*perience in the 81# in a hospital$ )' surgery or
health centre
 "ttend one of the 8ursing student conferences courses at 8ottingham
University run by The 3orshop for students interested in applying for
8ursing at university:
http:::www.worshop=u.net:
L I T E R
A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T
I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 Progression to +ursing" 1ealthcare and Social 9or7 U!"# 6oos
 *he 1istory of #edicine: A Very Short Introduction$ by 3illiam 6ynum.
;*ford University 'ress
 .idemiology: A Very Short Introduction by <odolfo #aracci
 #edical .thics: A Very Short Introduction by Tony 1ope$ ;*ford
University 'ress
 #ubscribe to the Student $ritish #edical %ournal
 Careers in +ursing '%- boolet on 81# website
 #ubscribe to the +ursing *imes and use the website
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 <oyal !ollege of 8ursing especially 1o! to $ecome a +urse of #id!ife
pages
 8ursing and /idwifery !ouncil: http:::www.nmc=u.org:
 81# !areers website
 81# choices to find out about health issues
 Day in the Life http:::www.dayinthelife.org.u:: is an e*tremely useful
website which gives invaluable advice on:
o 1o! the +1S !or7s
o 3or e*perience
o 9oluntary opportunities
o !areers options
o !areers videos
o The higher education application process for 8ursing
o 5nterviews and presentations
 66! 1ealth 8ews website
 6rightside /edicine and 1ealthcare web=pages
 SciCentral collects breaing research news from the most reputable and
reliable sources including health sciences.
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this area of wor.
P$1SI#S D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S :D
&%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 'hysics is a challenging and rewarding degree lie any other but there is a
shortage of applicants maing it less competitive than many courses.
 ;n most courses you are able to choose options such as microwave
devices$ cosmology$ medical physics$ solid state electronics and many
others.
 /aths " level is important although in some cases "# /aths will be
considered instead of "=level /aths$ depending on the re&uirements of
particular universities. -urther /aths would be an advantage at the most
competitive universities.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 <ead more about the topics on your course and other physics topics and
issues that you have not yet studied.
 )o to the public lectures on #cience and Technology at 5mperial !ollege
7ondon http:::www.imperial.ac.u:'1IE(.htm or at your local university
 9isit the Institute of Physics website to find out more about the wor of
physicists http:::www.iop.org: You can ,oin the 5;' free to get: regular
updates on whatGs new in physics$ e*am and university guidance$
information about physics careers$ the chance to interact with other young
physicists.
 7oo at the Physics Lives lin on the 5nstitute of 'hysics website for the
videos $aths and Cuar7s" 9ritten in the S7y and Ion $eam Co
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you
 9isit 2odrell 6an #cience !entre
 9isit relevant museums and their websites such as: the 8ational #pace
#cience !entre$ 7eicester$ the 7ondon 'lanetarium$ 1ampstead
;bservatory" the <oyal ;bservatory )reenwich and 'lanetarium$ the
#cience /useum$ the /ichael -araday /useum.
 )et a paid gap year placement with a company relevant to your interests
in 'hysics with the Year in 5ndustry scheme: http:::www.etrust.org.u
U K W W W I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 #ubscribe to the Physics Revie! magaFine published by 'hilip "llan
Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in you school library
 *he .legant 0niverse 6rian )reene
 *he Pleasure of &inding *hings )ut <ichard -eynman
 *he #eaning of It All <ichard -eynman
 A $rief 1istory of *ime #tephen 1awing
 *he .nd of *ime 2ulian 6arbour
 In Search of SchrIdinger=s Cat 2ohn )ribbin
 .Jmc?: A $iograhy of the 9orld=s #ost &amous .>uation %avid
6odanis
 $ig $ang: *he #ost Imortant Scientific Discovery of All *ime and 9hy
(ou +eed to ,no! A6out it #imon #ingh
 Do Polar $ears Get LonelyB: And D@D )ther Intriguing Science
Cuestions
8ew #cientist

 9hy Don=t Penguins= &eet &ree'eB: And DDF )ther Cuestions 8ew
#cientist
 *he +e! Scientist maga'ine
 Scientific American magaFine
 Physics 9orld maga'ine
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 'hysics.org is a very useful guide to 'hysics sites on the web with many
useful video clips showing 'hysics demonstrations
htt:88!!!-hysics-org
 Institute of Physics #ite htt:88!!!-io-org8
 'hysics animations htt:88het-colorado-edu8inde:
 %r >uantum e*plains the weird world of >uantum 'hysics
 http:::www.youtube.com:results4
searchNtypeTLsearchN&ueryTdrU&uantumLa&Tf
 *he Great Relativity Sho!: Al6ert .instein
http:::www.youtube.com:watch4vT/iNe*#?iC
 8ature 9ideo has short films on the future of physics including dar
matter$ dar energy$ the 7arge 1adron !ollider$ space=time and &uantum
computing. http:::www.nature.com:video:lindau:inde*.html
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this sub,ect area
PO<ITI#S D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S :D
&%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 ;n a politics degree you will e*plore answers to the following inds of
&uestions. 3ho has political power and why4 3hat is globalisation4 3hy
does political conflict occur and how is it resolved4 3hy do people vote
as they do4 3ho participates in politics4 5s violent protest legitimate4
1ow are political decisions made4
 " degree in politics prepares students for many forms of employment as
well as further study. You will gain analytical and practical sills
including the ability to conduct research$ oral and written communication
and 5T.
 5n most cases you will not be e*pected to have studied 'olitics at " level.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 Try to organise wor e*perience with a local councillor$ /' or pressure
group such as #helter$ )reenpeace or ;*fam.
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you.
 @eep up to date with current events on the 66! 8ews 'olitics website
and listen to radio programmes such as *oday" P#" *he 9ee7 in
9estminster" *oday in Parliament" &rom )ur )!n Corresondent" Any
Cuestions" Any Ans!ers" *he #oral #a'e
 @eep up to date with daily T9 news coverage$ as well as the 66!Gs
>uestion *ime" +e!snight and Panorama.
 The Parliament Channel on television and its website:
http:::www.parliamentlive.tv:/ain:1ome.asp*) has live coverage of the
1ouse of !ommons and includes some coverage of the #cottish
'arliament$ 3elsh "ssembly )overnment$ 8orthern 5reland "ssembly.
I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W . L
,hat should I be reading/
 Politics: A Very Short Introduction by @enneth /inogue
 #ubscribe to the Politics Revie! magaFine published by 'hilip "llan
Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in you school library
 $ritish Politics: A Very Short Introduction by Tony 3right
 Democracy: A Very Short Introduction by 6ernard !ric
 Government and Politics in $ritain: An Introduction by 2ohn @ingdom
 0nderstanding Politics by /oyra )rant
 *he +e! Statesman: http:::www.newstatesman.com$ left=ish current
affairs:politics magaFine
 *he Sectator: http:::www.spectator.co.u$ a right=ish current
affairs:politics magaFine
 *he .conomist: http:::www.economist.com$ in=depth national and
international political coverage
 *ime magaFine : http:::www.time.com:time and +e!s!ee7:
http:::www.newswee.com) are good for coverage of "merican politics.
 Prosect : http:::www.prospect=magaFine.co.u:landingNpage.php. for
more academic articles about politics
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 Political Studies Association: !!!-studypolitics.org 1as a good guide to
course and an e*amination of why you should study politics$ as well as
two downloadable '%- files Political Studies 0, and Study Politics
 Parliament : www.parliament.u
 <esearch on the 6ritish constitution: www.ucl.ac.u:constitution=unit
 Prime #inister;s )ffice: www.number=1C.gov.u
 Ca6inet )ffice: www.cabinetoffice.gov.u
 Civil Service: www.civilservice.gov.u
 Conservative Party : www.conservatives.com
 La6our Party: www.labour.org.u
 Li6eral Democrats: www.libdems.org.u
 Courts : www.,ustice.gov.u
 Devolution : www.devolution.ac.uS or www.ucl.ac.u:constitution=
unit:nations
 ;pinion polls:political research: www.statistics.gov.u or www.ipsos=
mori.com:political:trends.shtml
 0lectoral systems: www.electoral=reform.org.u
PS1#$O<OG1 D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S
:D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 'sychology is now one of the most competitive and popular university
sub,ects. You will need to """ or ""6 in many cases.
 )ood numeracy sills are important because statistics figure heavily on
courses.
 #ome 6#c courses re&uire at least one science " 7evel (or evidence of the
applicantsQ scientific ability at )!#0 level if no science " 7evels taen)
There are also 6" courses for which non=science " levels will be
acceptable
 5t is recommended to tae a degree accredited by the 6ritish
'sychological #ociety. 0ven if you have no current plans to become a
professional psychologist you will need an accredited course if you do
decide and need to become a member of the 6'#.
 There are over 12$CCC psychology graduates a year but relatively few
opportunities to wor as a professional psychologist in areas such as
0ducational$ -orensic$ !linical or ;ccupational 'sychology. You will
need to get at least a /asters degree after your first degree and in the case
of !linical$ a 'h%$ as a basic re&uirement.
 'sychology will e&uip you for a wide range of other careers including
teaching$ nursing and personnel management.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 %o some wor e*perience which is not always easy to organise because
of confidentiality issues but you may be able to:
 Tal to and perhaps shadow an educational psychologist who wors in
your local authority or a psychologist who wors in a prison.
 Tal to and perhaps observe a psychologist woring in a childrenGs unit in
a hospital.
 !ontact childrenGs charities who may employ psychologists eg
6arnardoGs or 8#'!!.
 You could also support special needs children in your own school:college
on a regular basis.
 The 6'# has a %irectory of !hartered 'sychologists on its &ind a
Psychologist page on its website which will give you contact details for
psychologists in your area.
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you
'erhaps you could undertae some form of research that shows that you
have developed your independent learning and understanding of research
methods.
 "ttend one of the 'sychology student conferences courses at 8ottingham
University run by The 3orshop for students interested in applying for
'sychology at university: http:::www.worshop=u.net:
 0*plore the videos articles and podcasts on the psychology section of the
Podology website: http:::www.podology.org.u
 2oin the 6ritish 'sychological #ocietyGs #tudent /embers group (#/))
which entitles you to copies of The 'sychologist magaFine every month
as well as issues of the newsletter Psych*al7 and discounts on boos$
,ournals and events.
E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W . L I T A
R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 <ead Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (and other psychology titles
in this series4 by )illian 6utler$ and -reda /c/anus $ ;*ford University
'ress
 Progression to Psychology$ U!"# 6oos
 #ubscribe to the Psychology Revie! magaFine published by 'hilip "llan
Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in your school library
 <ead more about topics on your " level course and about aspects of
'sychology that you are not currently studying such as the different
branches of the sub,ect
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 The 6ritish 'sychological #ociety
 The " level 'sychology website: http:::alevelpsychology.co.u:
 The All in the #ind <adio + programme archive on the 66! website
 The Simly Psychology website
 Psychology *oday http:::www.psychologytoday.com:
 The Psychology &aculty provides free$ short films of university
lecturers on topics on the "=level curriculum.
 Prosects: www.prospects.ac.u 9ery good on 'sychology careers
SO#I< ,O&> D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S
:D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 The degree in social wor is a professional social wor &ualification for
social worers in all settings: residential$ field$ day$ domiciliary$
healthcare and education and sectors: statutory$ voluntary and private.
 6ursaries are available to social wor students administered by the 81#
6usiness #ervices "uthority (81#6#"). 5f you have any &ueries about
bursaries visit the 81#6#" website.
 /ae sure that you are clear what the demands and pressures of being a social wor
are before you mae a final decision.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
Try to do a range of relevant wor e*perience:
 #upporting younger students in your school or college
 9oluntary wor
 3oring in a youth club
 1elping older people
 !harity wor
 3oring with the disabled
Try to wor shadow a range of social worers and:or interview them about the
realities of what can be a very emotionally demanding and stressful ,ob.
,hat should I be reading/
 Progression to +ursing" 1ealthcare and Social 9or7 U!"# 6oos
 nderstanding Social 'or&: Preparing for Practice -y 2"#l
Tho(p!o)
 "dams$ '.$ %ominelli$ 7.$ 'ayne$ /. (eds) (2CC2) Social 9or7: *hemes"
Issues and Critical De6ates$ (2nd edition) 6asingstoe: 'algrave.
 *he $lac7!ell Comanion to Social 9or7 by / %avies
 $ecoming a Social 9or7er by 9 !ree
 Social 9or7: A Comanion to Learning by 7ymbery and 'ostle
 <ead the )uardian Society pages each wee and e*plore the Society
archive on their website: http:::www.guardian.co.u:society. This has up
to date news$ feature articles$ blogs and an archive of articles about a
range of social wor related issues.
 #ubscribe to the weely magaFine Community Care
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 S9AP the #ocial 'olicy and #ocial 3or #ub,ect !entre student web=
pages:
http:::www.swap.ac.u:aboutswap:website:student.html
 Age Concern
 Samaritans
 Shelter
 +SPCC
 ):fam
 *he $ig Pro2ect has a comprehensive list of lins to a large number of
U@ and international charitable organisations many of which give
opportunities to volunteers:
http:::www.thebigpro,ect.co.u:linsNcharities.htm
 Social!or7andcare2o6s-com
 *he General Social Care Council 3GSCC4 the regulator of social worers
and social wor education in 0ngland. 9ery important website with
information about social wor courses
 Volunteering .ngland website for lins to charities and voluntary
organisations you might wor with
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this area of wor
SO#IO<OG1 D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S
:D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 " #ociology degree will give a good understanding of human
relationships is relevant to a range of careers and sociology graduates
can be found across all sectors including the media and arts.
 #ocial and welfare professions tend to be the most popular career choices
for sociology graduate such social worer$ counsellor and community
development officer.
 #ociologists can also be found in educational$ administrative or office=
based roles such as teaching and lecturing$ social research$ human
resources management$ charity fundraising or within policymaing
departments in local or central government.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 Try to organise wor e*perience with a local councillor$ /' or pressure
group such as #helter$ )reenpeace or ;*fam or in at worplaces relevant
to topics on your course.
 9isit your local !rown or /agistratesG court and watch trials from the
public gallery. You can also sit in on industrial tribunals which deal with
worplace issues.
 @eep up to date with current events on the 66! 8ews 'olitics website
and listen to radio programmes such as *oday" P#" *he 9ee7 in
9estminster" *oday in Parliament" &rom )ur )!n Corresondent" Any
Cuestions" Any Ans!ers" *he #oral #a'e and esecially Laurie *aylor;s
rogramme *hin7ing Allo!ed on Radio F
 9isit the e*tensive *hin7ing Allo!ed archive of past programmes on the
66! website.
 @eep up to date with daily T9 news coverage$ as well as the 66!Gs
Cuestion *ime" +e!snight and Panorama.
 <ead a range of te*ts by authors writing about topics that you are
studying.
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you and
developing your understanding and e*perience of sociological research
techni&ues such as &uestionnaires$ interviews and observation.
,hat should I be reading/
 #ubscribe to the Sociology Revie! magaFine published by 'hilip "llan
Updates and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in you school library
 Sociology by 8icholas "bercrombie
 Sociology: A Very Short Introduction by #teve 6ruce
 Sociology by "nthony )iddens
 Sociology *hemes and Persectives by /ichael 1aralambos and /artin
1olborn
 *he Presentation of Self in .veryday Life by 0rving )offman
 Stuff by %aniel /iller
 *he Glo6ali'ation of +othing ? by )eorge <itFer
 *he $lan7 Slate by #teven 'iner
 &rea7onomics by #tephen 2. %ubner and #teven %. 7evitt
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 The 6#" (6ritish #ociological "ssociation: http:::www.britsoc.co.u:
 The 6#" Teaching )roup website (formerly "T##) has a large number of
lins to useful sociology websites: http:::www.atss.org.u:
 Child Poverty Action Grou
 *he .>uality *rust
 )ffice for +ational Statistics #tatistics available from the 8ational
#tatistics ;ffice.
 Sociological Research )nline is the electronic 2ournal of the 6ritish
#ociological "ssociation.
 Sociology Central has downloadable resources for post=1P sociology
students and lins to other sites.
 Studio F Learning is an "merican site$ which has video presentations of
basic concepts in sociology.
 +e!s )nline has video resources available here$ relevant to #ociology.
 &rontline has video resources contemporary and historical$ relevant to
#ociology.
 $eauty #atters has teaching resources about of body image$ fashion and
attraction
 ;pinion polls:political research: www.statistics.gov.u or www.ipsos=
mori.com:political:trends.shtml
 0lectoral systems: www.electoral=reform.org.u
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this sub,ect area.
SPO&T D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S :D
&%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 #port is one of the most competitive and popular university sub,ects with
. applicants for each #ports #cience place$ for e*ample.
 You will need to achieve """ or ""6 or e&uivalent for the most
competitive courses especially #port #cience (and for this you will need a
science " level for most courses).
 You will find lower offers for other inds of sport related degrees such
#port /anagement$ #port #tudies$ #port %evelopment:!oaching and
'hysical 0ducation as well as a range of two year foundation degrees
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 )et as much e*perience as you can playing$ organising and getting
involved in as wide a variety of sport as possible and in different roles:
player$ coach$ referee.
 )et e*perience of coaching younger students and others when you can.
 )et involved with community and voluntary organisations to demonstrate
that you are committed to helping others.
 Tae an interest in the social and ethical issues surrounding sport by
following stories on the 66! website and websites of the &uality press.
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests you.
 @eep up to date with current issues and controversies in
sport.T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 Progression to Sort Science and Physiotheray$ U!"#6oos
 #ubscribe to the P. Revie! magaFine published by 'hilip "llan Updates
and loo at the bac=numbers if they are in your school library
 <ead Pea7 Performance ,ournal and use the website and article archive
 @eep up to date with the Inside Sort pages on the 66! website and the
)uardian sport pages: http:::www.guardian.co.u:sport
 $eneath *he Surface by /ichael 'helps
 Rain6o! 9arrior by -rancois 'ienaar
 9hat Sort *ells us a6out Life by 0d #mith
 #ports Training 'rinciples by &ran7 9 Dic7
 #ports 'sychology by #att %arvis
 #ports /otivation by ,en 1odge
 #ports 8utrition by Anita $ean
 #ports Training by %ohn Sheard
 <ead or visit the websites of ,ournals or such as: !oaching 0dge$ 1ealth
and -itness$ 2ournal of #port 6ehaviour$ 7eisure /anagement and #ports
/anagement
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 pe+u
 Teach '0.!om
 www.thefitnesscoach.com
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about careers
and ,obs in this area of wor
 %epartment for !ulture$ /edia and #port: http:::www.dcms.gov.u:
 #port 0ngland: http:::www.sportengland.org:
 #ports !oach U@: http:::www.sportscoachu.org
T%#$I:G D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S :D
&%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 You will need to decide whether you want to train for primary or
secondary teaching.
 You will need to thin about whether you want to do a degree in a
sub,ect relevant to teaching followed by a one year ')!0 teacher
training course or whether you want to apply for a three or four year
teaching degree.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
Do plenty of research on the excellent TDA (Teaching Development
Agency) website which will give you information on:
 teacher training options
 how to apply
 help with applications and interviews
 life as a teacher
 school experience
 funding for teacher training,
 teacher salaries
 regional teaching events
5t is essential that you have e*perience of woring with and observing children
before you mae your application. You could:
 9isit a school
 !arry out classroom observation in your own school or college
 #upport children in local primary schools
 3or with voluntary organisations involved with children
 )et involved with sports activities$ play schemes$ summer camps$ youth
clubs$ tutoring or mentoring of younger students
 %iscuss teaching as a career with one of your teachers
 "n absolute minimum of a wee doing these things will be needed but
chec re&uirements for each course. #ome will as for more and it is
advisable to do considerably more.
@eep up to date with education issues on the 66! website 0ducation pages
S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U W W . L I T E R A S T I V A
L S . C . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 Progression to *eaching and .ducation$ U!"# 6oos
 *eaching *oday A Practical Guide by )eoff 'etty
 $ecoming a *eacher: Issues in Secondary *eaching by 2ustin %illon and
/eg /aguire
 *he Craft of the Classroom: A Survival Guide to Classroom #anagement
in the Secondary School by (ichael (arland
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 T%" (Teaching %evelopment "gency)
 66! website 0ducation pages
 Times 0ducational #upplement
 )uardian website 0ducation pages
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this area of wor
;%T%&I:&1 D%G&%%S: POI:T%&S8 %:&I#$(%:T #TI;ITI%S
:D &%SO)&#%S 0O& PP<I#:TS
/ae sure that when you write your U!"# 'ersonal #tatement early in Year 1(
that you have something relevant and interesting to write about. 1ere are some
suggestions for activities you should start as early in Year 12 as you can.
Subject pointers
 9eterinary degrees are probably the most competitive of all with a high
number of applicants for each place so you need to be absolutely sure that
you are maing a realistic application.
 #ome vet schools will as you to tae the 6/"T selection test.
 "cademic ability is necessary but not sufficient you will need to
demonstrate that you are caring$ have teamwor sills and leadership
&ualities and that you can communicate effectively.
,hat should I be doing: Subject enrichment activities in 1ear .2 and
be'ond
 "ttend one of the 9eterinary student conferences courses at 8ottingham
University run by The 3orshop for students interested in applying for
9et #cience or 9et /edicine at university:
http:::www.worshop=u.net:
 9aried and e*tensive wor e*perience is essential. !hec the
e*pectations of different vet schools who may as for up to 1C wees.
Time spent in a vet practice and in another setting: stables or livery$
ennels$ farm wor$ animal rescue centre$ abattoir. 3or with small and
large animals and in different types of practice eg e&uine or small animal.
@eep a ,ournal of insights gained to help when you write your personal
statement.
 -or 9et #cience try to get wor e*perience in a research lab or %0-<".
 @eep any references you get after your wor e*periences placements
because some 9et schools will allow you to submit them as part of your
application.
 !onsider doing an 0'> into an area of the sub,ect that interests
you.L I T R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
W W W . L I T E R A R Y F E S T I V A L S . C O . U K
,hat should I be reading/
 Animal (ights: A )ery Short Introduction -y David
DeGrazia
 *thics and Animals -y Lor# 1ru")
 Gettin !nto "eterinar# School by James Barton
 Vet School: #y &oot In *he Door by !hristopher #hivelton >ueen$
!aroline 'arinson and %aniel 9ardy
 Introduction to Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology by 9ictoria "spinall
and /elanie !appello
,hich "ebsites "ill be useful/
 Animal 1ealth *rust
 9al7s of Life
 (ou *u6e videos on vet careers
 6ritish 9eterinary "ssociation
 RSPCA
 PDSA
 Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
 vetsonline: http:::www.vetsonline.com: 8ews and publications for vets
 D.&RA The %epartment for 0nvironment$ -ood and <ural "ffairs
website is very good for material on ey issues and there is a lin to the
latest research on animal welfare
 .m6ryo Veterinary School for courses for " level students
 3ebsite lins on !ambridge vet admissions page:
http: ::www.vet.cam.ac.u:application:lins.html
 So (ou 9ant to 6e a Vet website for advice on wor e*perience$
applications$ personal statement and interview
 SciCentral collects breaing research news from reputable sources
including health sciences.
 'rospects.ac.u website H!areers "dviceG lin to find out more about
careers and ,obs in this area of wor
T$% %:D