You are on page 1of 2

Kit-ry ()

Date founded Early Edo period, 17th century

Country of
Founder Fukuno and Terada
Arts taught Traditional Japanese martial art,Jujutsu
Ancestor arts Historic
Descendant arts Judo
Kit-ry (
) is a traditional school (kory) of the Japanese martial artof jujutsu. ts
sylla!us comprises atemi-waza (strikin" techni#ues), nage-waza (thro$in"
techni#ues), kansetsu-waza (joint lockin" techni#ues) andshime-waza (chokin"
techni#ues). %any of these techni#ues are performed $hile in full armor.
&it' (y) is translated as *the school of the rise and fall.* t is similar to forms of
includin" the principle of *ki* (ener"y) and aiki (&it' (y) teaches that *-hen
t$o minds are united, the stron"er controls the $eaker*...). E#ually, it uses principles
such as *ku.ushi no ri* or *!reakin" of !alance* no$ associated $ith modern judo.
Base art of Judo
Ji"oro &ano trained in &it'/ry) and deri0ed some of the principles that $ere to form the
!asis of modern judo from this style. Judo1s &oshiki/no/kata is !ased on &it'/ry).
&ano Ji"oro "ot the &it'/ry) densho from his 2ensei, Judo is the current &it'/ry) official
KITO R! "u#itsu
-- the $eginnings
of "udo
$y %ei& Oh&en'a()
The &ito (yu is a system of jujutsu that merits a particular place in the doctrine of
unarmed martial arts !ecause of its esoteric elements, adopted alon" $ith 0arious
techni#ues and trainin" methods (such as randori) in Judo. 3f particular interest are the
kata that ha0e !een preser0ed !y the modern inheritors of kito ryu. &ito ryu is the *rise
and fall* school of jujutsu.
2ome of the a0aila!le records trace the ori"in of this school to a 4hinese com!at !ased
upon the principle of ju (suppleness), as e5plained and illustrated !y 4hin 6empin to
selected $arriors of 17th century Japan. 7nother 0ersion associates this method $ith t$o
other noted jujutsu e5perts, 8oshimura and Takenaka.
These techni#ues, "enerally performed in full armor or in formal ro!es resem!lin" armor,
are centered upon thro$in" an opponent to the "round. They $ere considered difficult
e0en !y masters such as the founder of Judo, Ji"oro &ano, and the founder of aikido,
%orihei 9eshi!a, !oth of $hom had studied them at "reat len"th !efore incorporatin" any
of their features into their o$n modern methods.
Ji"oro &ano could !e considered doshu (heir of the tradition) of kito ryu !ecause he has
the transmission (shiho) directly from iku!o Tsunetoshi, the pre0ious headmaster of the
ryu. The ori"inal concepts of &ito (yu are fore0er preser0ed in the Judo kata, particularly
the koshiki/no/kata. n addition, many of the early judo leaders, such as the tenth dan
:a"aoka and so"ai, and ninth dan &anemitsu, came to Judo from kitoryu !ack"rounds,
further influencin" the de0elopment of judo. &u.ushi, the !reakin" of !alance that is of
fundamental importance to judo, and other major concepts adopted !y the &odokan
came from kito ryu.