You are on page 1of 17

Problems based on centre of mass

1. Where will be the centre of mass on combining two masses m and M (M>m)
(a) Towards m (b) Towards M (c) Between m and M (d) Anywhere
2. Two objects of masses 200 gm and 500gm possess elocities
i
!
"0
m/s and j i
!
5
!
# + m/s respectiely$ The
elocity of their centre of mass in m/s is
(a) j i
!
25
!
5 (b) j i
!
25
!
%
5
(c) j i
!
%
25
!
5 + (d) j i
!
%
5
!
25
3. &n the HCl molec'le( the separation between the n'clei of the two atoms is abo't "$2% ) (" ) * "0
+"0
m)$ The
appro,imate location of the centre of mass of the molec'le from hydrogen is (ass'ming the chlorine atom to be
abo't #5$5 times massie as hydrogen)
(a) " ) (b) 2$5 ) (c) "$2- ) (d) "$5 )
4. .o'r particle of masses m( 2m( #m and -m are arranged at the corners of a parallelogram with each side e/'al
to a and one of the angle between two adjacent sides is 00
o
$ The parallelogram lies in the x1y plane with mass m
at the origin and -m on the x1a,is$ The centre of mass of the arrangement will be located at
(a)

a a 25 $ 0 (
2
#
(b)

a a
-
#
( 25 $ 0 (c)

2
(
-
# a a
(d)

-
#
(
2
a a
5. A system consists of # particles each of mass m and located at ("( ") (2( 2) (#( #)$ The co1ordinate of the centre
of mass are
(a) (0( 0) (b) (#( #) (c) (2( 2) (d) ("( ")
6. &f a bomb is thrown at a certain angle with the hori3ontal and after e,ploding on the way the di4erent fragments
moe in di4erent directions then the centre of mass
(a) Wo'ld moe along the same parabolic path (b) Wo'ld moe along a hori3ontal path
(c) Wo'ld moe along a ertical line (d) 5one of these
7. .o'r identical spheres each of mass m are placed at the corners of s/'are of side 2metre$ Ta6ing the point of
intersection of the diagonals as the origin( the co1ordinates of the centre of mass are
(a) (0( 0) (b) ("( ") (c) (+ "( ") (d) ("( + ")
8. Two particles A and B initially at rest moe towards each other 'nder a m't'al force of attraction$ At the instant
when the speed of A is v and the speed of B is 2v( the speed of centre of mass of the system is
[IIT-JEE 1982]
(a) 7ero (b) v (c) "$5v (d) #v
9. A circ'lar plate of 'niform thic6ness has diameter 50 cm$ A circ'lar part of diameter -2 cm is remoed from one
edge$ What is the position of the centre of mass of the remaining part
(a) # cm (b) 0 cm (c) 2 cm (d) "2 cm
10. Two point masses m and M are separated by a distance L$ The distance of the centre of mass of the system from
m is
(a) ) 8 ( M m L (b) ) 8 ( m M L (c)

+ M m
M
L (d)

+ M m
m
L
11. Three identical spheres( each of mass " kg are placed to'ching each other with their centres on a straight line$
Their centres are mar6ed K, L and M respectiely$ The distance of centre of mass of the system from K is
(a)
#
LM KM KL + +
(b)
#
KM KL +
(c)
#
LM KL +
(d)
#
LM KM +
12. Two particles of masses " kg and # kg moe towards each other 'nder their m't'al force of attraction$ 5o other
force acts on them$ When the relatie elocity of approach of the two particles is 2m/s, their centre of mass has
a elocity of 0$5 m/s. When the relatie elocity of approach becomes # m/s, the elocity of the centre of mass is
(a) 0$5 m/s (b) 0$%5 m8s (c) "$25 m8s (d) 7ero
Problems based on angular displacement, velocity and acceleration
13. &n rotational motion of a rigid body( all particle moe with
(a) 9ame linear and ang'lar elocity (b) 9ame linear and di4erent ang'lar elocity
(c) With di4erent linear elocities and same ang'lar elocities (d) With di4erent linear
elocities and di4erent ang'lar elocities
14. The ang'lar speed of a :y+wheel ma6ing "20 reol'tion8minute is
(a) rad/sec (b) 2 rad/sec (c) - rad/sec (d) -
2
rad/sec
15. A :ywheel gains a speed of 5-0 r.p.m. in 0 sec$ &ts ang'lar acceleration will be
(a) # rad/sec
2
(b) 2 rad/sec
2
(c) "; rad/sec
2
(d) 5- rad/sec
2
16. A car is moing at a speed of %2 km/hr$ the diameter of its wheels is 0$5 m$ &f the wheels are stopped in 20
rotations by applying bra6es( then ang'lar retardation prod'ced by the bra6es is
(a) + 25$5 rad/s
2
(b) + 22$5 rad/s
2
(c) + ##$5 rad/s
2
(d) + -5$5 rad/s
2
17. A wheel is rotating at 200 r.p.m. abo't its a,is$ When the power is c't1o4( it comes to rest in " min'te$ The
ang'lar retardation in radian/s
2
is
(a)
2
(b)
-
(c)
0
(d)
;
18. A particle B is moing in a circle of radi's a with a 'niform speed u$ C is the centre of the circle and AB is
diameter$ The ang'lar elocity of B abo't A and C are in the ratio

(a) " < " (b) " < 2 (c) 2 < " (d) - < "
19. Two particles haing mass =M= and =m= are moing in circ'lar paths haing radii and r$ &f their time periods are
same then the ratio of their ang'lar elocities will be
[CBSE PM/PD 2001]
(a)

r
(b)
r

(c) " (d)


r

20. A body is in p're rotation$ The linear speed v of a particle( the distance r of the particle from the a,is and
ang'lar elocity of the body are related as
r
v
= ( th's
(a)
r
"
(b) r (c) 0 = (d) is independent of r
21. A strap is passing oer a wheel of radi's #0 cm$ >'ring the time the wheel moing with initial constant elocity
of 2 re8sec$ comes to rest the strap coers a distance of 25 m$ The deceleration of the wheel in rad8s
2
is
(a) 0$2- (b) "$2 (c) 2$0 (d) 2$5
22. A particle starts rotating from rest$ &ts ang'lar displacement is e,pressed by the following e/'ation
t t " $ 0 025 $ 0
2
=
where is in radian and t is in seconds$ The ang'lar acceleration of the particle is
(a) 0$5 rad8sec
!
at the end of "0 sec (b) 0$# rad8sec
2
at the end of 2 sec
(c) 0$05 rad8sec
!
at the end of " sec (d) ?onstant 0$05 rad8sec
!
23. The planes of two rigid discs are perpendic'lar to each other$ They are rotating abo't their a,es$ &f their ang'lar
elocities are # rad8sec and - rad8sec respectiely( then the res'ltant ang'lar elocity of the system wo'ld be
(a) " rad8sec (b) % rad8sec (c) 5 rad8sec (d)
"2
rad8sec
24. A sphere is rotating abo't a diameter
(a) The particles on the s'rface of the sphere do not hae any linear acceleration
(b) The particles on the diameter mentioned aboe do not hae any linear acceleration
a (c) >i4erent particles on the s'rface hae di4erent ang'lar speeds
(d) All the particles on the s'rface hae same linear speed
25. A rigid body is rotating with ariable ang'lar elocity ) ( "t a at any instant of time t. The total angle
s'btended by it before coming to rest will be (a and " are constants)
(a)
2
) ( a " a
(b)
"
a
2
2
(c)
"
" a
2
2 2

(d)
a
" a
2
2 2

26. When a ceiling fan is switched on( it ma6es "0 rotations in the @rst # seconds$ Aow many rotations will it ma6e in
the ne,t # seconds (Ass'me 'niform ang'lar acceleration)
(a) "0 (b) 20 (c) #0 (d) -0
27. When a ceiling fan is switched o4( its ang'lar elocity falls to half while it ma6es #0 rotations$ Aow many more
rotations will it ma6e before coming to rest (Ass'me 'niform ang'lar retardation)
(a) #0 (b) 2- (c) "; (d) "2
28. Bet

A
be a 'nit ector along the a,is of rotation of a p'rely rotating body and

B
be a 'nit ector along the
elocity of a particle # of the body away from the a,is$ The al'e of

B A$
is
(a) " (b) + " (c) 0 (d) 5one of these
Problems based on torque, couple
Basic level
29. Bet $ be the force acting on a particle haing position ector % a r

nd be the tor/'e of this force abo't the


origin$ Then [AIEEE 2003]
(a)
0 $ and 0 $ = = % $ % r

(b)
0 $ and 0 $ = % $ % r

(c)
0 $ and 0 $ = % $ % r

(d)
0 $ and 0 $ % $ % r

30. A co'ple prod'ces [CBSE PMT 1997]


(a) C'rely linear motion (b) C'rely rotational motion
(c) Binear and rotational motion (d) 5o motion
31. .or a system to be in e/'ilibri'm( the tor/'es acting on it m'st balance$ This is tr'e only if the tor/'es are ta6en
abo't
(a) The centre of the system (b) The centre of mass of the
system
(c) Any point on the system (d) Any point on the system or
o'tside it
32. What is the tor/'e of the force
& k j i $ )
!
-
!
#
!
2 ( + =

acting at the pt$


m k j i r )
!
#
!
2
!
# ( + + =

abo't the origin


(a) k j i
!
"#
!
0
!
"% + + (b) k j i
!
"2
!
0
!
0 + (c)
k j i
!
"#
!
0
!
"% (d) k j i
!
"2
!
0
!
0 +
33. Two men are carrying a 'niform bar of length
L
( on their sho'lders$ The bar is held hori3ontally s'ch that
yo'nger man gets
th ) - 8 " (
load$ 9'ppose the yo'nger man is at the end of the bar( what is the distance of the
other man from the end
(a) # 8 L (b) 2 8 L (c) # 8 2L (d) - 8 #L
34. A 'niform meter scale balances at the cm -0 mar6 when weights of
g "0
and
g 20
are s'spended from the
cm "0 and
cm 20
mar6s$ The weight of the metre scale is
(a)
g 50
(b)
g 00
(c)
g %0
(d)
g ;0
Advance level
35. A c'bical bloc6 of side L rests on a ro'gh hori3ontal s'rface with coeDcient of friction

$ A hori3ontal force $ is
applied on the bloc6 as shown$ &f the coeDcient of friction is s'Dciently high so that the bloc6 does not slide
before toppling( the minim'm force re/'ired to topple the bloc6 is
[IIT-JEE (Scree!"# 2000]
(a) &n@nitesimal
(b) mg8-
(c) mg82
L
$
(d) mg ) " (
36. When a force of 0$0 & is e,erted at
'
#0
to a wrench at a distance of ; cm from the n't( it is j'st able to loosen
the n't$ What force $ wo'ld be s'Dcient to loosen it( if it acts perpendic'larly to the wrench at "0 cm from the
n't
(a) # &
(b) 0 &
(c) - &
(d) "$5 &
37. A person s'pports a boo6 between his @nger and th'mb as shown (the point of grip is ass'med to be at the
corner of the boo6)$ &f the boo6 has a weight of ( then the person is prod'cing a tor/'e on the boo6 of
(a)
2
a
( anticloc6wise
(b)
2
"
( anticloc6wise
(c)
(a
anticloc6wise
(d)
(a
cloc6wise
38. Weights of
g g g "00 $$$$$( 2 ( "
are s'spended from the " cm( 2 cm( $$$$$$ "00 cm( mar6s respectiely of a light
metre scale$ Where sho'ld it be s'pported for the system to be in e/'ilibri'm
(a) 55 cm mar6 (b) 00 cm mar6 (c) 00 cm mar6 (d) %2 cm mar6
39. A 'niform c'be of side a and mass m rests on a ro'gh hori3ontal table$ A hori3ontal force $ is applied normal to
one of the faces at a point that is directly aboe the centre of the face( at a height
-
#a
aboe the base$ The
minim'm al'e of $ for which the c'be begins to tilt abo't the edge is (ass'me that the c'be does not slide)
(a)
-
mg
(b)
#
2mg
(c)
-
#mg
(d)
mg

Problems based on moment of inertia
Basic level
40. A circ'lar disc of radi's and thic6ness
0

has moment of inertia ) abo't an a,is passing thro'gh its centre


and perpendic'lar to its plane$ &t is melted and recasted into a solid sphere$ The moment of inertia of the
sphere abo't its diameter as a,is of rotation is
[EAMCET 2003]
(a) ) (b)
;
2)
(c)
5
)
(d)
"0
)
41. The moment of inertia of a meter scale of mass 0$0 kg abo't an a,is perpendic'lar to the scale and located at
the 20 cm position on the scale in kg m
2
is (Breadth of the scale is negligible)
[EAMCET 2003]
(a) 0$0%- (b) 0$"0- (c) 0$"-; (d) 0$20;
42. Two discs of the same material and thic6ness hae radii 0$2 m and 0$0 m$ Their moments of inertia abo't their
a,es will be in the ratio [MP PET 2003]
(a) " < ;" (b) " < 2% (c) " < 2 (d) " < #
43. A circ'lar disc is to be made by 'sing iron and al'mini'm( so that it ac/'ires ma,im'm moment of inertia abo't
its geometrical a,is$ &t is possible with
[CBSE PMT 2002]
(a) &ron and al'mini'm layers in alternate order (b) Al'mini'm at interior and iron s'rro'nding it
(c) &ron at interior and al'mini'm s'rro'nding it (d) Either (a) or (c)
44. The moment of inertia of semicirc'lar ring abo't its centre is
[AIEEE 2002]
;
cm
;
cm
#0
o
$
0 &
"
a
(a) M
2
(b)
2
2
M
(c)
-
2
M
(d) 5one of these
45. Foment of inertia of a disc abo't its own a,is is )$ &ts moment of inertia abo't a tangential a,is in its plane is [MP
PMT 2002]
(a) )
2
5
(b) # ) (c) )
2
#
(d) 2 )
46. A wheel of mass "0 kg has a moment of inertia of "00 kg+m
2
abo't its own a,is( the radi's of gyration will be
[P$. PMT 2001]
(a) "0 m (b) ; m (c) 0 m (d) - m
47. .o'r particles each of mass m are placed at the corners of a s/'are of side length l$ The radi's of gyration of the
system abo't an a,is perpendic'lar to the s/'are and passing thro'gh its centre is
[EAMCET (Me%.# 2000]
(a)
2
l
(b)
2
l
(c) l (d) l ) 2 (
48. The moment of inertia of a rod (length l( mass m) abo't an a,is perpendic'lar to the length of the rod and
passing thro'gh a point e/'idistant from its mid point and one end is
[MP PMT 1999]
(a)
"2
2
ml
(b)
2
-;
%
ml (c)
2
-;
"#
ml (d)
2
-;
"2
ml
49. Three point masses
# 2 "
( ( m m m are located at the ertices of an e/'ilateral triangle of length
= =a
$ The
moment of inertia of the system abo't an a,is along the altit'de of the triangle passing thro'gh
"
m is
[&'r('' CEE 1996]
(a)
-
) (
2
# 2
a
m m + (b)
2
# 2 "
) ( a m m m + + (c)
2
) (
2
2 "
a
m m + (d)
2
# 2
) ( a m m +
50. &n a rectangle
) 2 ( AB BC ABC* =
$ The moment of inertia along which a,is will be minim'm
[CBSE PMT 1993]
(a)
BC
(b)
B*
(c)
H$
(d)
+,
51. Two loops
#
and - are made from a 'niform wire$ The radii of
#
and - are
"
r and
2
r respectiely( and
their moments of inertia are
"
) and
2
) respectiely$ &f -
" 2
= ) ) then
"
2
r
r
e/'als
[CPMT 1992]
(a)
# 8 2
-
(b)
# 8 "
-
(c)
# 8 2
-

(d)
# 8 "
-

52. The moment of inertia of a sphere (mass M and radi's ) abo't it=s diameter is
)
$ .o'r s'ch spheres are
arranged as shown in the @g're$ The moment of inertia of the system abo't a,is
= ..
will be
(a) #)
(b) 5 )
(c) % )
(d) 2 )
53. Three identical thin rods each of length l and mass M are joined together to form a letter H$ What is the moment
of inertia of the system abo't one of the sides of H
. .
A B
* C
H $
+
,
(a)
#
2
Ml
(b)
-
2
Ml
(c)
#
2
2
Ml
(d)
#
-
2
Ml
54. Foment of inertia of a sphere of mass M and radi's is )$ Geeping
M
constant if a graph is plotted between )
and ( then its form wo'ld be
(a) (b) (c) (d)
55. Three particles are sit'ated on a light and rigid rod along
/
a,is as shown in the @g're$ &f the system is rotating
with an ang'lar elocity of
sec 8 2rad
abo't
.
a,is( then the total 6inetic energy of the system is
(a) 22 0
(b) ";- 0
(c) 2%0 0
(d) -0 0
56. Hn acco'nt of melting of ice at the north pole the moment of inertia of spinning earth
(a) &ncreases (b) >ecreases (c) Iemains 'nchanged (d) >epends on the time
57. According to the theorem of parallel a,es
2
Md ) )
g
+ = ( the graph between
)
and
d
will be
(a) (b) (c) (d)
58. What is the moment of inertia of a s/'are sheet of side
l
and mass per 'nit area

abo't an a,is passing


thro'gh the centre and perpendic'lar to its plane
(a)
"2
2
l
(b)
0
2
l
(c)
"2
-
l
(d)
0
-
l
59. The adjoining @g're shows a disc of mass M and radi's lying in the .1/ plane with its centre on
.
a,is at a
distance a from the origin$ Then the moment of inertia of the disc abo't the .1a,is is
(a)

2
2

M
(b)

-
2

M
(c)

+
2
2
-
a

M
(d)

+
2
2
2
a

M
60. We hae two spheres( one of which is hollow and the other solid$ They hae identical masses and moment of
inertia abo't their respectie diameters$ The ratio of their radi's is gien by
(a) % < 5 (b)
5 < #
(c)
5 < #
(d) % < #
Advance level
61. .rom a 'niform wire( two circ'lar loops are made (i) # of radi's r and (ii) - of radi's nr$ &f the moment of inertia
of - abo't an a,is passing thro'gh its centre and perpendic'lar to its plane is ; times that of # abo't a similar
)

(0(
#m)
(0( +
2m)
(0( +
-m)
2 kg
# kg
- kg
2
.
)
d 2
)
d 2
)
d 2
)
d 2
a

.
/
2
a,is( the al'e of n is (diameter of the wire is ery m'ch smaller than r or nr)
[EAMCET 2001]
(a) ; (b) 0 (c) - (d) 2
62. Hne /'arter sector is c't from a 'niform circ'lar disc of radi's $ This sector has mass M$ &t is made to rotate
abo't a line perpendic'lar to its plane and passing thro'gh the centre of the original disc$ &ts moment of inertia
abo't the a,is of rotation is
[IIT-JEE (Scree!"# 2001]
(a)
2
2
"
M
(b)
2
-
"
M
(c)
2
;
"
M
(d)
2
2M
63. Two discs of same thic6ness b't of di4erent radii are made of two di4erent materials s'ch that their masses are
same$ The densities of the materials are in the ratio " < #$ The moments of inertia of these discs abo't the
respectie a,es passing thro'gh their centres and perpendic'lar to their planes will be in the ratio
[)**r+ee 2000]
(a) " < # (b) # < " (c) " < 2 (d) 2 < "
64. A thin wire of length L and 'niform linear mass density is bent into a circ'lar loop with centre at 2 as shown$
The moment of inertia of the loop abo't the a,is .. is [IIT-JEE (Scree!"#
2000]
(a)
2
#
;
L

(b)
2
#
"0
L
(c)
2
#
"0
5

L
(d)
2
#
;
#

L
65. &f solid sphere and solid cylinder of same radi's and density rotate abo't their own a,is( the moment of
inertia will be greater for (L * )
[)PMT 2000]
(a) 9olid sphere (b) 9olid cylinder (c) Both (d) E/'al both
66. Two point masses of 0$# kg and 0$% kg are @,ed at the ends of a rod of length "$- m and of negligible mass$ The
rod is set rotating abo't an a,is perpendic'lar to its length with a 'niform ang'lar speed$ The point on the rod
thro'gh which the a,is sho'ld pass in order that the wor6 re/'ired for rotation of the rod is minim'm is located
at a distance of [IIT-JEE 1995, AIIMS 2000]
(a) 0$- m from mass of 0$# kg (b) 0$2; from mass of 0$# kg
(c) 0$%0 m from mass of 0$% kg (d) 0$2; m from mass of 0$%
kg
67. A circ'lar disc A of radi's r is made from an iron plate of thic6ness t and another circ'lar disc B of radi's -r is
made from an iron plate of thic6ness t8-$ The relation between the moments of inertia
A
) and
B
) is
(a)
B A
) ) > (b)
B A
) ) =
20
o
20
o
2
. .
(c)
B A
) ) <
(d) >epends on the act'al
al'es of t and r
68. A thin wire of length l and mass M is bent in the form of a semi1circle$ What is its moment of inertia abo't an a,is
passing thro'gh the ends of the wire
(a)
2
2
Ml
(b)
2
2

Ml
(c)
2
2
2

Ml
(d)
2
2
2
Ml
69. &f )" is the moment of inertia of a thin rod abo't an a,is perpendic'lar to its length and passing thro'gh its centre
of mass( and )2 is the moment of inertia of the ring formed by bending the rod( then
(a) )" < )2 * " < " (b) )" < )2 *
2
< # (c) )" < )2 * < - (d) )" < )2 * # < 5
70. .o'r solids are shown in cross section$ The sections hae e/'al heights and e/'al ma,im'm widths$ They hae
the same mass$ The one which has the largest rotational inertia abo't a perpendic'lar thro'gh the centre of
mass is
(a) (b) (c) (d)
71. The moment of inertia ) of a solid sphere haing @,ed ol'me depends 'pon its ol'me 3 as
(a)
3 )
(b)
# 8 2
3 )
(c)
# 8 5
3 )
(d)
2 8 #
3 )
72. A thin rod of length L and mass M is bent at the middle point 2 at an angle of
'
00
as shown in @g're$ The
moment of inertia of the rod abo't an a,is passing thro'gh 2 and perpendic'lar to the plane of the rod will be
(a)
0
2
ML
(b)
"2
2
ML
(c)
2-
2
ML
(d)
#
2
ML
Problems based on angular momentum
Basic level
73. The motion of planets in the solar system is an e,ample of the conseration of [AIIMS 2003]
(a) Fass (b) Binear moment'm (c) Ang'lar moment'm (d) Energy
74. A disc is rotating with an ang'lar speed of $ &f a child sits on it( which of the following is consered
[CBSE PMT 2002]
(a) Ginetic energy (b) Cotential energy (c) Binear moment'm (d) Ang'lar moment'm
75. A particle of mass m moes along line #C with elocity v as shown$ What is the ang'lar moment'm of the
particle abo't 2
[AIEEE 2002]
(a) mvL
(b) mvl
(c) mvr
(d) 7ero
00
o
L82 L82
2
l
C
2
#
L
r
76. Two rigid bodies A and B rotate with rotational 6inetic energies +A and +B respectiely$ The moments of inertia of
A and B abo't the a,is of rotation are )A and )B respectiely$ &f )A * )B8- and +A * "00 +B the ratio of ang'lar
moment'm (LA) of A to the ang'lar moment'm (LB) of B is
[JIPME) 2001- 02]
(a) 25 (b) 58- (c) 5 (d) "8-
77. A 'niform heay disc is rotating at constant ang'lar elocity abo't a ertical a,is thro'gh its centre and
perpendic'lar to the plane of the disc$ Bet L be its ang'lar moment'm$ A l'mp of plasticine is dropped
ertically on the disc and stic6s to it$ Which will be constant
[AM. (Me%.# 2001]
(a) (b) and L both (c) L only (d) 5either nor L
78. An e/'ilateral triangle ABC formed from a 'niform wire has two small identical beads initially located at A$ The
triangle is set rotating abo't the ertical a,is A2$ Then the beads are released from rest sim'ltaneo'sly and
allowed to slide down( one along AB and the other along AC as shown$ 5eglecting frictional e4ects( the
/'antities that are consered as the beads slide down( are
[IIT-JEE (Scree!"# 2000]
(a) Ang'lar elocity and total energy (6inetic and potential)
(b) Total ang'lar moment'm and total energy
(c) Ang'lar elocity and moment of inertia abo't the a,is of rotation
(d) Total ang'lar moment'm and moment of inertia abo't the a,is of rotation
79. A thin circ'lar ring of mass M and radi's r is rotating abo't its a,is with a constant ang'lar
elocity $ Two objects each of mass m are attached gently to the opposite ends of a diameter of
the ring$ The ring will now rotate with an ang'lar elocity
[IIT-JEE 1983, MP PMT 1994- 97- 98, CBSE PMT 1998, B&. 1998, MP PET 1998- 99]
(a)
m M
m M
2
) 2 (
+

(b)
m M
M
2 +

(c)
m M
M
+

(d)
M
m M ) 2 ( +
80. The earth
+
moes in an elliptical orbit with the s'n
4
at one of the foci as shown in the @g're$ &ts speed of
motion will be ma,im'm at the point
[B&. 1994]
(a)
C
(b)
A
(c)
B
(d)
*
81. A rigid spherical body is spinning aro'nd an a,is witho't any e,ternal tor/'e$ >'e to change in temperat're( the
ol'me increases by "J$ &ts ang'lar speed
[AIIMS 1992]
(a) Will increase appro,imately by "J (b) Will decrease appro,imately by "J
(c) Will decrease appro,imately by 0$0%J (d) Will decrease appro,imately by 0$##J
82. A 'niform disc of mass
M
and radi's

is rotating abo't a hori3ontal a,is passing thro'gh its centre with


ang'lar elocity $ A piece of mass m brea6s from the disc and :ies o4 ertically 'pwards$ The ang'lar speed
of the disc will be
(a)
) (
) 2 (
m M
m M


(b)
) (
) 2 (
m M
m M
+
+
(c)
) (
) 2 (
m M
m M
+

(d)
) (
) 2 (
m M
m M

+
Advance level
A
B 2 C
g
A
*
B
C
+
4
83. A particle 'ndergoes 'niform circ'lar motion$ Abo't which point on the plane of the circle( will the ang'lar
moment'm of the particle remain consered
[IIT-JEE (Scree!"# 2003]
(a) ?entre of the circle (b) Hn the circ'mference of the circle
(c) &nside the circle (d) H'tside the circle
84. A thin 'niform circ'lar disc of mass M and radi's is rotating in a hori3ontal plane abo't an a,is passing thro'gh
its centre and perpendic'lar to its plane with an ang'lar elocity $ Another disc of same dimension b't of
mass M8- is placed gently on the @rst disc coa,ially$ The ang'lar elocity of the system now is
[IIT-JEE 1986, AIEEE 2002]
(a) 5 8 2 (b)
5 8 2
(c) 5 8 - (d)
5 8 -
85. A smooth sphere A is moing on a frictionless hori3ontal plane with ang'lar speed and center of mass with
elocity v$ &t collides elastically and head1on with an identical sphere B at rest$ 5eglect friction eerywhere$
After the collision( their ang'lar speeds are
A
and
B
respectiely$ Then
[IIT-JEE (Scree!"# 1999]
(a)
A
K
B
(b)
A
*
B
(c)
A
* (d) *
B

86. A c'bical bloc6 of side a is moing with elocity v on a hori3ontal smooth plane as shown$ &t hits a ridge at point
2$ The ang'lar speed of the bloc6 after it hits 2 is
[IIT-JEE (Scree!"# 1999]
(a) #v8-a
(b) #v82a
(c)
a
v
2
#
(d) 7ero
87. A stic6 of length l and mass M lies on a frictionless hori3ontal s'rface on which it is free to moe in any way$ A
ball of mass m moing with speed v collides elastically with the stic6 as shown in the @g're$ &f after the collision
ball comes to rest( then what sho'ld be the mass of the ball
(a)
M m 2 =
(b)
M m=
(c) 2 8 M m=
(d) - 8 M m=
88. &n a playgro'nd there is a merry1go1ro'nd of mass "20 kg and radi's - m$ The radi's of gyration is #m$ A child of
mass #0 kg r'ns at a speed of 5 m8sec tangent to the rim of the merry1go1ro'nd when it is at rest and then
j'mps on it$ 5eglect friction and @nd the ang'lar elocity of the merry1go1ro'nd and child
(a) 0$2 rad8sec (b) 0$" rad8sec (c) 0$- rad8sec (d) 0$; rad8sec
Problems based on kinetic energy, work and power
Basic level
89. A ball rolls witho't slipping$ The radi's of gyration of the ball abo't an a,is passing thro'gh its centre of mass K$
&f radi's of the ball be ( then the fraction of total energy associated with its rotational energy will be
[CBSE PMT 2003]
(a)
2
2

K
(b)
2 2
2
K
K
+
(c)
2 2
2
K

+
(d)
2
2 2

K +
90. &n a bicycle the radi's of rear wheel is twice the radi's of front wheel$ &f
r $
r r and are the radii( v. and vr are
speeds of top most points of wheel( then
[/r!00' JEE 2003]
l
m
2
v
a
M
(a) vr * 2 v. (b) v. * 2 vr (c) v. * vr (d) v. > vr
91. The total 6inetic energy of a body of mass "0 kg and radi's 0$5 m moing with a elocity of 2 m/s witho't
slipping is #2$; j'ule$ The radi's of gyration of the body is
[MP PET 2003]
(a) 0$25 m (b) 0$2 m (c) 0$5 m (d) 0$- m
92. The moment of inertia of a body abo't a gien a,is is 2$- kg5m
2
$ To prod'ce a rotational 6inetic energy of %50 0(
an ang'lar acceleration of 5 rad/s
2
m'st be applied abo't that a,is for
[B&. 2002]
(a) 0 sec (b) 5 sec (c) - sec (d) # sec
93. A solid sphere of mass 500 gm and radi's "0 cm rolls witho't slipping with the elocity 20cm/s$ The total 6inetic
energy of the sphere will be
[P$. PMT 2002]
(a) 0$0"- 0 (b) 0$02; 0 (c) 2;0 0 (d) "-0 0
94. The ratio of rotational and translatory 6inetic energies of a sphere is [1CET (Me%.# 2001, A2MC 2001]
(a)
2
2
(b)
%
2
(c)
5
2
(d)
2
%
95. A thin hollow cylinder open at both ends<
(i) 9lides witho't rotating
(ii) Iolls witho't slipping( with the same speed$
The ratio of 6inetic energy in the two cases is [1CET (E""./Me%.# 2000]
(a) " < " (b) - < " (c) " < 2 (d) 2 < "
96. A spherical ball rolls on a table witho't slipping$ Then the fraction of its total energy associated with rotation is
[MP PMT 1987, B&. 1998]
(a)
5
2
(b)
%
2
(c)
5
#
(d)
%
#
97. A body is rolling witho't slipping on a hori3ontal plane$ &f the rotational energy of the body is -0J of the total
6inetic energy( then the body might be
[CPMT 1997]
(a) ?ylinder (b) Aollow sphere (c) 9olid cylinder (d) Iing
98. A body of moment of inertia of
2
# m kg rotating with an ang'lar speed of 2 rad8sec has the same 6inetic
energy as a mass of "2 kg moing with a speed of
[CPMT 1997]
(a) " m/s (b) 2 m/s (c) - m/s (d) ; m/s
99. Iatio of 6inetic energy and rotational energy in the motion of a disc is
[CPMT 1996]
(a) " < " (b) 2 < % (c) " < 2 (d) # < "
100. A solid sphere is moing on a hori3ontal plane$ Iatio of its transitional Ginetic energy and rotational energy is
[CPMT 1994]
(a) "85 (b) 582 (c) #85 (d) 58%
101. The speed of rolling of a ring of mass
M
changes from
3
to
3 #
$ What is the change in its 6inetic energy
(a)
2
#M3 (b)
2
-M3 (c)
2
0M3 (d)
2
;M3
102. A disc of radi's
m "
and mass
kg -
rolls on a hori3ontal plane witho't slipping in s'ch a way that its centre of
mass moes with a speed of
$ sec 8 "0cm
&ts rotational 6inetic energy is
(a)
erg 0" $ 0
(b)
j'ule 02 $ 0
(c)
j'ule 0# $ 0
(d)
j'ule 0" $ 0
103. The ratio of 6inetic energies of two spheres rolling with e/'al centre of mass elocities is 2 < "$ &f their radii are in
the ratio 2 < "L then the ratio of their masses will be
(a) 2<" (b) "<; (c) "<% (d)
" < 2 2
104. A symmetrical body of mass
M
and radi's

is rolling witho't slipping on a hori3ontal s'rface with linear


speed v$ Then its ang'lar speed is
b (a)
v
(b) ?ontin'o'sly increasing
(c) >ependent on mass
M
(d) &ndependent of radi's ()
105. A solid sphere of mass " kg rolls on a table with linear speed " m/s. &ts total 6inetic energy is
(a) " 0 (b) 0$5 0 (c) 0$% 0 (d) "$- 0
106. A circ'lar disc has a mass of " kg and radi's -0 cm$ &t is rotating abo't an a,is passing thro'gh its centre and
perpendic'lar to its plane with a speed of "0 re8s$ The wor6 done in jo'les in stopping it wo'ld be
(a) - (b) -%$5 (c) %2 (d) "5;
107. Iotational 6inetic energy of a gien body abo't an a,is is proportional to
(a) Time period (b) (Time period)
2
(c) (Time period)
+"
(d) (time period)
+2

108. &f a body completes one reol'tion in sec then the moment of inertia wo'ld be
(a) E/'al to rotational 6inetic energy (b) >o'ble of rotational 6inetic energy
(c) Aalf of rotational 6inetic energy (d) .o'r times the rotational 6inetic energy
109. A tangential force $ is applied on a disc of radi's ( d'e to which it de:ects thro'gh an angle from its initial
position$ The wor6 done by this force wo'ld be
(a) $ (b) $ (c)

$
(d) $
110. &f the rotational 6inetic energy of a body is increased by #00J then the percentage increase in its ang'lar
moment'm will be
(a) 000J (b) "50J (c) "00J (d) "500J
111. A wheel of moment of inertia "0 kg1m
2
is rotating at "0 rotations per min'te$ The wor6 done in increasing its
speed to 5 times its initial al'e( will be
(a) "00 0 (b) "#"$- 0 (c) "#$- 0 (d) 0$"#" 0
112. A :ywheel has moment of inertia
2
- m kg and has 6inetic energy of 200 0$ ?alc'late the n'mber of reol'tions
it ma6es before coming to rest if a constant opposing co'ple of
m & 5
is applied to the :ywheel
(a) "2$; rev (b) 2- rev (c) 0$- rev (d) "0 rev
113. An engine deelops "00 k(( when rotating at ";00 rpm$ Tor/'e re/'ired to delier the power is
(a) 5#" &1m (b) 5%0 &1m (c) 520 &1m (d) 55" &1m
Advance level
114. A wheel of radi's r rolls witho't slipping with a speed v on a hori3ontal road$ When it is at a point A on the road(
a small j'mp of m'd separates from the wheel at its highest point B and drops at point C on the road$ The
distance AC will be
(a)
g
r
v
(b)
g
r
v 2
(c)
g
r
v -
(d)
g
r #
115. A :y wheel of moment of inertia ) is rotating at n reol'tions per sec$ The wor6 needed to do'ble the fre/'ency
wo'ld be
(a)
2 2
2 )n
(b)
2 2
- )n
(c)
2 2
0 )n
(d)
2 2
; )n
116. &f L, M and # are the ang'lar moment'm( mass and linear moment'm of a particle respectiely which of the
following represents the 6inetic energy of the particle when the particle rotates in a circle of radi's
(a)
M
L
2
2
(b)
M
#
2
2
(c)
2
2
2M
L
(d)
2
M#
117. A 'niform thin rod of length l is s'spended from one of its ends and is rotated at 6 rotations per second$ The
rotational 6inetic energy of the rod will be
B
u
C
A
(a)
2 2 2
#
2
ml 6 (b)
2 2
#
-
ml 6 (c)
2 2 2
- ml 6 (d) 7ero
118. A body rotating at 20 rad8sec is acted 'pon by a constant tor/'e proiding it a deceleration of 2 rad8sec
!
$ At
what time will the body hae 6inetic energy same as the initial al'e if the tor/'e contin'es to act
(a) 20 secs (b) -0 secs (c) 5 secs (d) "0 secs
119. Cart of the t'ning arrangement of a radio consists of a wheel which is acted on by two parallel constant forces as
shown in the @g$ &f the wheel rotates j'st once( the wor6 done will be abo't (diameter of the wheel * 0$05m)
(a) 0$002 0
(b) 0$0#" 0
(c) 0$0"5 0
(d) 0$05% 0
Problems based on rolling on incline plane
Basic level
120. A solid sphere( a hollow sphere and a ring are released from top of an inclined plane (frictionless) so that they
slide down the plane$ Then ma,im'm acceleration down the plane is for (no rolling)
[AIEEE 2002]
(a) 9olid sphere (b) hollow sphere (c) Iing (d) All same
121. A solid sphere (mass 2 M) and a thin hollow spherical shell (mass M) both of the same si3e( roll down an inclined
plane( then
[1er'3' (E"".# 2002]
(a) 9olid sphere will reach the bottom @rst (b) Aollow spherical shell will reach the bottom @rst
(c) Both will reach at the same time (d) 5one of these
122. A hollow cylinder and a solid cylinder haing the same mass and same diameter are released from rest
sim'ltaneo'sly from the top of an inclined plane$ Which will reach the bottom @rst
[CPMT 1979, CBSE PMT 2000]
(a) The solid cylinder (b) The hollow cylinder
(c) Both will reach the bottom together (d) The greater density
123. The speed of a homogeneo's solid sphere after rolling down an inclined plane of ertical height h( from rest
witho't sliding( is
[CBSE PMT 1992]
(a) gh
%
"0
(b) gh (c) gh
5
0
(d) gh
#
-
124. A solid cylinder rolls down an inclined plane from a height h$ At any moment the ratio of rotational 6inetic energy
to the total 6inetic energy wo'ld be
[PET 1992]
(a) " < 2 (b) " < # (c) 2 < # (d) " < "
125. An inclined plane ma6es an angle of
'
#0
with the hori3ontal$ A solid sphere rolling down this inclined plane
from rest witho't slipping has a linear acceleration e/'al to
[MP PMT 1987]
(a)
#
g
(b)
#
2g
(c)
%
5g
(d)
"-
5g
126. A solid cylinder of mass M and radi's rolls down an inclined plane witho't slipping$ The speed of its centre of
mass when it reaches the bottom is
[MP PET 1985]
(a) gh 2 (b) gh
#
-
(c) gh
-
#
(d)
h
g
-
127. 9olid cylinders of radii
2 "
(r r and
#
r roll down an inclined plane from the same place sim'ltaneo'sly$ &f
# 2 "
r r r > > ( which one wo'ld reach the bottom @rst
(a) ?ylinder of radi's
"
r (b) ?ylinder of radi's
2
r
0$" &
0$" &
(c) ?ylinder of radi's
#
r (d) All the three cylinders sim'ltaneo'sly
128. A solid cylinder of radi's and mass M( rolls down on inclined plane witho't slipping and reaches the bottom
with a speed v$ The speed wo'ld be less than v if we 'se
(a) A cylinder of same mass b't of smaller radi's (b) A cylinder of same mass b't of larger radi's
(c) A cylinder of same radi's b't of smaller mass (d) A hollow cylinder of same mass and same radi's
129. A body starts rolling down an inclined plane of length L and height h$ This body reaches the bottom of the plane
in time t$ The relation between L and t is
(a)
L t
(b) L t 8 " (c)
2
L t
(d)
2
"
L
t
130. A hollow cylinder is rolling on an inclined plane( inclined at an angle of
'
#0
to the hori3ontal$ &ts speed after
traelling a distance of "0 m will be
(a) -2 m/sec (b) 0$% m/sec (c) % m/sec (d) 7ero
131. A solid sphere( a solid cylinder( a disc and a ring are rolling down an inclined plane$ Which of these bodies will
reach the bottom sim'ltaneo'sly
(a) 9olid sphere and solid cylinder (b) 9olid cylinder and disc
(c) >isc and ring (d) 9olid sphere and ring
132. A ball of radi's "" cm and mass ; kg rolls from rest down a ramp of length 2m$ The ramp is inclined at
'
#5
to
the hori3ontal$ When the ball reaches the bottom( its elocity is (sin #5
o
* 0$5%)
(a) 2 m8s (b) 5 m8s (c) - m8s (d) 0 m8s
133. .rom an inclined plane a sphere( a disc( a ring and a shell are rolled witho't slipping$ The order of their reaching
at the base will be
(a) Iing( shell( disc( sphere (b) 9hell( sphere( disc( ring (c) 9phere( disc( shell( ring
(d) Iing( sphere( disc( shell
134. A solid cylinder #0 cm in diameter at the top of an inclined plane 2$0 m high is released and rolls down the
incline witho't loss of energy d'e to friction$ &ts linear speed at the bottom is
(a) 5$22 m/sec (b) -$" M "0
#
m/sec (c) 5" m/sec (d) 5" cm/sec
135. A cylinder of mass M and radi's rolls on an inclined plane$ The gain in 6inetic energy is
(a)
2
2
"
Mv (b)
2
2
"
) (c)
2
-
#
Mv (d)
2
-
#
)
136. A disc of radi's is rolling down an inclined plane whose angle of inclination is ( &ts acceleration wo'ld be
(a) sin
%
5
g (b) sin
#
2
g (c) sin
2
"
g (d) sin
5
#
g
137. A solid cylinder (i) rolls down (ii) slides down an inclined plane$ The ratio of the accelerations in these conditions
is
(a) # < 2 (b) 2 < # (c)
#
<
2
(d) # < 2
138. The acceleration of a body rolling down on an inclined plane does not depend 'pon
(a) Angle of inclination of the plane (b) Bength of plane
(c) Acceleration d'e to graity of earth (d) Iadi's of gyration of body
139. A ring( a solid sphere( a disc and a solid cylinder of same radii roll down an inclined plane( which wo'ld reach the
bottom in the last
(a) Iing (b) >isc (c) 9olid sphere (d) 9olid cylinder
140. A ring is rolling on an inclined plane$ The ratio of the linear and rotational 6inetic energies will be
(a) 2 < " (b) " < 2 (c) " < " (d) - < "
141. The moment of inertia of a solid cylinder abo't its a,is is ). &t is allowed to roll down an incline witho't slipping$ &f
its ang'lar elocity at the bottom be ( then G$E$ of the cylinder will be
(a)
2
)
(b)
2
2
#
) (c)
2
2 )
(d)
2
2
"
)
Advance level
142. A solid ball of mass m and radi's r rolls witho't slipping along the trac6 shown in the @g$ The radi's of the
circ'lar part of the trac6 is $ The ball starts rolling down the trac6 from rest from a height of ; from the gro'nd
leel$ When the ball reaches the point C then its elocity will be
A
2

#
m
h
(a) g
(b) g 5
(c) g "0
(d) g #
143. A ring ta6es time
"
t in slipping down an inclined plane of length L and ta6es time
2
t in rolling down the same
plane$ The ratio
2
"
t
t
is
(a)
" < 2
(b)
2 < "
(c) " < 2 (d) 2 < "
144. A ring of radi's -a is rigidly @,ed in ertical position on a table$ A small disc of mass m and radi's a is released
as shown in the @g$ When the disc rolls down( witho't slipping( to the lowest point of the ring( then its speed will
be
(a) ga
(b) ga 2
(c) ga #
(d) ga -
145. A disc of mass M and radi's rolls in a hori3ontal s'rface and then rolls 'p an inclined plane as shown in the @g$
&f the elocity of the disc is v( the height to which the disc will rise will be
(a)
g
v
2
#
2
(b)
g
v
-
#
2
(c)
g
v
-
2
(d)
g
v
2
2
146. Two 'niform similar discs roll down two inclined planes of length 4 and 24 respectiely as shown is the @g$ The
elocities of two discs at the points A and B of the inclined planes are related as
(a) v" * v2
(b)
2 "
2v v =
(c)
-
2
" "
v
v v =
(d)
2 "
-
#
v v =
Problems based on motion of connected mass
Basic level
147. A mass M is s'pported by a mass less string wo'ld wo'nd a 'niform cylinder of mass M and radi's . Hn
releasing the mass from rest( it will fall with acceleration
(a) g
(b)
2
g
(c)
#
g
(d)
#
2g
148. A 'niform disc of radi's and mass M can rotate on a smooth a,is passing thro'gh its centre and
perpendic'lar to its plane$ A force $ is applied on its rim$ 9ee @g$ What is the tangential acceleration
a
-a
h
v
v
2
2
4
B A
v
"

"

"
2
4
h
m
M
(a)
M
$ 2
(b)
M
$
(c)
M
$
2
(d)
M
$
-
149. A massless string is wrapped ro'nd a disc of mass M and radi's $ Another end is tied to a mass m which is
initially at height h from gro'nd leel as shown in the @g$ &f the mass is released then its elocity while to'ching
the gro'nd leel will be
(a) gh 2
(b)
m
M
gh 2
(c) M m gh 8 2
(d) M m mgh + 2 8 -
150. A cylinder of mass M and radi's r is mo'nted on a frictionless a,le oer a well$ A rope of negligible mass is
wrapped aro'nd the cylinder and a b'c6et of mass m is s'spended from the rope$ The linear acceleration of the
b'c6et will be
(a)
m M
Mg
2 +
(b)
M m
Mg
2
2
+
(c)
m M
Mg
+ 2
(d)
m M
mg
2
2
+
Advance level
151. A 'niform solid cylinder of mass M and radi's rotates abo't a frictionless hori3ontal a,le$ Two similar masses
s'spended with the help two ropes wrapped aro'nd the cylinder$ &f the system is released from rest then the
acceleration of each mass will be
(a)
m M
mg
2
-
+
(b)
m M
mg
-
-
+
(c)
m M
mg
+
2
(d)
m M
mg
2
2
+
152. &n the aboe problem the ang'lar elocity of the cylinder( after the masses fall down thro'gh distance h( will be
M
m
v

m
M
m
$

M
h
m
(a) ) - 8( ;
"
m M mgh

+ (b) ) 8( ;
"
m M mgh

+ (c) ) 8(
"
m M mgh

+ (d)
) 2 8( ;
"
m M mgh

+
Problems based on compound pendulum
Basic level
153. A metre scale is s'spended ertically from a hori3ontal a,is passing thro'gh one end of it$ &ts time period wo'ld
be
(a) "$0- sec (b) 2 sec (c) 2$5 sec (d) #$2 sec
154. A disc of radi's is made to oscillate abo't a hori3ontal a,is passing thro'gh its periphery$ &ts time period wo'ld
be
(a)
g

2
#
2 (b)
g

#
2
2 (c)
g

2 (d)
g
2
2
Advance level
155. A solid c'be of side l is made to oscillate abo't a hori3ontal a,is passing thro'gh one of its edges$ &ts time period
will be
(a)
g
l
#
2 2
2 (b)
g
l
#
2
2 (c)
g
l
2
#
2 (d)
g
l
#
2
2
156. The string of a simple pend'l'm is replaced by a 'niform rod of length L and mass M$ &f the mass of the bob of
the pend'l'm is m( then for small oscillations its time period wo'ld be (ass'me radi's of bob r KK L)
(a)
g m M
L m M
) 2 ( #
) # ( 2
2
+
+
(b)
g m M
L m M
) # ( #
) 2 (
2
+
+
(c)
g
L
m
M

#
2
2 (d)
g
L
m M
m M

+
+
#
2