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DOCI(ET CALL 
MARCH  1986 
JUnGE  CARROLL  WEAVER 
1927 - 1986
Robert  Pelton 
Candelario  Elizondo   
Jay  Burnett  Vi..·Pm!.t 
Mary  Moore 
S....tlff 
James  Dougherty  r  .......  , 
Randy  McDonald  C.Ii.... 
DOCKET  CAll  Is  published  monthly  by  the  Harris  County  Crimi. 
nal  lawyers  Association,  P.  O.  Box  22773,  Houston,  Texas 
77027.  Advertising  Rates:  Full  page·  $200.00;  !  page  -
$100.00;  #  page  $50.00  per  Issue. 
All  articles  and  other  editorial  contributions  should  be 
mailed  to  HeCLA,  P.O.  Box  22773,  Houston,  Texas  77027. 

Allen  C.  Isbell 
Prdwti.. 
Donna  K.  Kleszcz 
NEWSLETTER  DEADLINE  Material  for  publication 
should  be  submitted  by  Friday,  March  28  for  the 
April  Docket  Call. 
Past Presidents  1971·1984 
J.  Anthony  Friloux 
Stuart  Kinard 
George  Luquette 
Marvin  O.  Teague 
Dick  DeGuerin 
W.  B.  "Bennie"  House.  Jr. 
David  R.  Bires 
Woody  Densen 
Will  Gray 
Edward  A.  Mallen 
Carolyn  Garcia 
Jack  B.  Zimmermann 
Clyde  Williams 
Board  of  Directors: 
Randy  McDonald.  Chairman
John  Ackerman 
Ray  Bass 
Walter  Boyd 
Catherine  Greene  Burnett 
Felix  Cantu 
Jan  Fox 
Carolyn  Garcia 
Johnny  Gill 
Will  Gray 
Ruben  Guerrero 
Charlone  Harris 
Allen  Isbell 
David  Mitcham 
Frumencio  Reyes 
G.  Mac  Secrest 
Clyde  Williams 
rrom the President's Desk ... Robert  Pelton 
Your  organization  is  due  for  some  changes  in 
the  following  months.  The  obvious  change  is 
Docket  Call.  An  organization  with  the  best  law-
yers  in  the  United  States  needs  to  have  the  best 
publication.  The  appearance  and  content  of 
Docket  Call  is  a  move  in  that  direction. 
Thanks  to  Allen  Isbell,  Editor  of  Docket  Call, 
the  content  of  our  publication  is  excellent. 
Allen  and  I  have  decided  to  make  several  addi-
tions  to  the  monthly  magazine.  Some  of  these 
changes  are  as  follows: 
1.  Letters  - when  you  have  something  to  say, 
then  send  it  in. 
2.  Advocates  - column  written  by  former 
President  Carolyn  Garcia  that  will  deal 
with  issues  on  capital  murder  cases. 
3.  Trial  Tactics  - written  by  Jim  Skelton 
(world  famous  lawyer  and  "Healer  of 
Broken  Hearts"). 
4.  Court  Tales  - a  column  each  month  will  be 
written  by  one  of  the  District  Court  or 
County  Court  judges  in  Harris  County. 
Judge  Shelly  Hancock  has  "volunteered"  to 
write  the  first  column  and  to  furnish 
other  volunteer  judges  or  himself  to  keep 
information  flowing. 
Harris  County  Criminal  Lawyers  Association 
plans  on  providing  plenty  of  seminars  and  tapes 
so  you  can  get  mandatory  Continuing  Legal  Educa-
tion  hours  here  in  Houston.  We  hope  to  get  Con-
tinuing  Legal  Education  approval  for  Jim  Skelton's 
Wednesday  sessions  and  provide  these  free  to 
HCCLA  members.  As  you  know,  some  hours  can  be 
self-study.  so  check  with  the  HCCLA  office  regard-
ing  viewing  tapes  that  soon  will  be  available. 
Local  judges  and  bondsmen  continue  to  be 
supportive  of  this  organization  as  seen  by  the 
advertisements  in  this  issue.  Thank  you. 
The  attendance  at  HCCLA's  luncheons  is  shame-
ful.  Clyde  Williams  has  provided  excellent  pro-
grams  at  these  monthly  luncheons  and  you  are  mis-
Sing  interesting  and  informative  speakers  when 
you  do  not  come  to  the  luncheons.  Do  you  want  to 
keep  having  the  luncheons?  High  Sheriff  Johnny 
Klevenhagen.  T.  R.  Coney,  Major  Breckenridge  and 
staff  are  guests  at  the  March  luncheon.  Come  to 
the  luncheon  and  talk  to  these  folks  if  you  are 
having  problems  at  the  jail. 
Michael  Essmyer  (from  the  stables  of  "Race-
horse"  Haynes)  and  Ben  Durant  have  been  appointed 
to  fill  two  vacant  director's  positions.  Those 
of  you  who  are  interested  in  running  for  officer 
or  director  pOsitions  need  to  apply  soon.  Call 
the  HCCLA  office  for  details. 
At  the  next  board  meeting  (1)  I  am  proposing 
that  a  new  membership  classification  be  establish-
ed,  that  being  a  sustaining  member.  A  sustaining 
member  will  pay  annual  dues  of  $200.00  and  that 
status  will  be  a  requirement  for  all  directors 
and  officers  of  HCCLA.  It  is  my  hope  that  this 
requirement  will  be  made  retroactive  to  this 
year's  officers  and  directors.  $2300.00  will  be 
added  to  the  bank  account  if  this  is  passed.  This 
additional  money  can  be  used  to  buy  a  word  pro-
cessor/computer  with  the  West  Law  capability  that 
will  be  made  available  to  you,  the  members. 
I  have  reviewed  the  financial  affairs  of  this 
organization  for  the  past  few  years  and  it  seems 
to  me  that  each  month  there  is  just  barely  enough 
money  to  pay  expenses.  This  needs  to  be  changed. 
My  goal  is  to  have  at  least  $10,000.00  in  the 
bank  at  the  end  of  my  term  in  Yay.  This  money 
needs  to  be  spent  on  things  that  will  help  the 
members  such  as  (1)  word  processor/computer  to 
keep  up  with  forms  and  information  for  members; 
(2)  library  on  criminal  law  that  would  be  avail-
able  for  members;  (3)  educational  tapes;  (4)  full 
time  staff  members. 
As  far  as  I  am  concerned  no  money  from  HCCLA 
should  be  spent  on  Christmas  parties,  or  anything 
else  that  does  not  directly  help  the  members 
learn  to  be  better  lawyers.  The  world  is  full  of 
insane,  mentally  crippled,  depraved,  misguided 
and  socially  unacceptable  people  who  will  come  to 
you  for  help.  If  you  hold  yourself  out  to  be  a 
lawyer,  then  you  have  an  obligation  to  help  these 
people  who  did  not  get  dealt  a  fair  band  in  life. 
To  do  this  you  must  be  prepared.  Hopefully,  the 
members  of  this  organization  can  work  effectively 
to  help  each  other  do  the  job  we  chose  to  do  --
represent  that  person  we  call  a  client. 
LETTERS 
February  15,  1986 
Robert  O.  Pelton,  Esquire 
President,  Harris  County 
criminal  Lawyers  Association 
1610  Richmond  Avenue 
Houston,  Texas  77006 
Dear  Robert: 
Enclosed  with  this  letter  is  a  copy  of  a  car-
toon  that  appeared  in  the  February  1986  issue 
of  Docket  Call,  the  monthly  publication  of  the 
Harris  County  criminal  Lawyers  Association. 
I'm  amazed  that  this  crude  and  heavy-handed 
attempt  at  humor  was  published.  It is  not 
funny.  On  the  contrary,  it  is  both  offensive 
and  tasteless,  particularly  in  what  appears  to 
have  been  its  studied  effort  to  portray  all 
three  characters  as  black  people.  If  we  crimi-
nal  defense  attorneys  are  really  prepared  to 
laugh  at  the  idea  of  people  being  executed,  or 
of  their  own  lawyers  making  a  joke  out  of  it, 
we've  obviously  descended  to  a  level  of  cynicism 
and  insensitivity  unprecedented  even  for  us. 
There  are,  of  course,  numberless  jokes  and  car-
toons  (The  Wizard  of  Id  is  an  example)  portraying 
Judges  as-venal  ana-incompetent;  jurors  as  stupid 
and  irresponsible,  and  defense  lawyers  as  greedy, 
shiftless  and  generally  disreputable,  if not 
actually  dishonest.  These  stereotypes  -- if  they 
are  stereotypes  -- are  no  more  deserving  of  per-
petuation,  or  of  our  express  or  implied  approbation, 
than  the  equally  traditional  racial  or  ethnic  jokes. 
They  are  not  funny.  They  are  not  clever.  Rather, 
by  our  acceptance  of  them,  they  demean  and  degrade 
us  all. 
I  wonder  if most  of  us  would  tolerate  cartoon  humor 
attempting  to  depict  the  lighter  side  of  the  attempt 
to  exterminate  the  Jews  during  the  Holocaust,  or  of 
the  lynching  of  black  people  in  the  South  earlier 
in  this  century,  or  of  sexual  abuse  of  children, 
or  of  deliberate  cruelty  to  animals,  or  of  any 
Cartoonist  Terry  Proctor's  reply ... 
(1)  I'm  color-bl indo  It  never  occurred 
to  me  that  anyone  would  see  a  thumbprint 
as  ethnic.  Perhaps  Attorney  Maness  didn't 
realize  my  cartoons  are  done  from  finger 
prints. 
(2)  It  is  my  bel  ief  that  it  is  healthy  to 
poke  fun  at  yourself  once  in  a  whi  Ie.  Doc-
ket  Call  isn't  a  public  publication  but  a 
house  organ  for  attorneys.  This  same  car-
toon  ran  in  1978  in  the  Texas  Bar  Journal 
without  any  unfavorable  response. 
of  a  multitude  of  other  subjects  that  for  reasons 
obvious  to  any  reasonably  intelligent  person  are 
simply  not  appropriate  subjects  for  levity.  If 
there  really  is  something  funny  about  capital 
punishment,  I  haven't  encountered  it during  the 
17  years  I've  been  practicing  law. 
You  may  recall  that  prior  to  John  Spinkellink's 
electrocution  by  the  State  of  Florida  in  1979  his 
guards  were  alleged  to  have  taunted,  humiliated 
and  ridiculed  him.  James  David  Autry's  execution 
in  1983  was  preceded  by  the  same  sort  of  "fun" 
among  that  crowd  of  really  superlative  human  beings 
gathered  outside  the  Walls  Unit  at  Huntsville.  It 
now  seems  as  if  we've  been  infected  with  their 
peculiar  sense  of  humor:  there's  nothing  like  a 
good  joke  at  the  expense  of  a  guy  who's  about  to 
be  executed. 
without  intending  to  sound  overly  sententious,  I 
believe  our  business  and  profession  is  an  excep-
tionally  serious  one.  A  person  confronted  with  a 
serious  criminal  accusation  wants,  and  is  entitled 
to,  an  intelligent,  competent,  well-prepared  lawyer, 
not  a  stand-up  comedian.  We  demean  and trivialize 
the  system,  and  our  role  in  it,  when  we  act  as  if 
it were  otherwise. 
Of  course,  I  recognize  the  constitutional  right  of 
you,  and  Allen  Isbell,  and  Terry  Proctor,  to  pub-
lish  anything  you  damn  well  please.  I  just  wanted 
you  all  to  know  my  view  that  this  cartoon  is  despic-
able  and  shameful. 
  you  s, 

Michael  A.  Maness 
MAM:  wgl 
Enc. 
(3)  Puns  about  serious  matters  do  not 
translate  into  a  condonation  or  endorse-
ment  of  the  action,  particularly  when  not 
directed  to  any  specific  person  or  inci-
dent. 
(4)  I  agree  wi  th  Attorney  Maness  that  an 
accused  wants  an  intell igent,  competent, 
well-prepared  attorney.  I  will  put  my 
record  up  against  anyone  for  time  in  trying 
to  improve  the  public  image  of  attorneys 
and  our  profession. 
(5) I  hope  other  members  of  the  HeCLA  wi  11 
use  this  column  to  express  themselves,  good 
or  bad,  about  the  many  things  that  appear 
:n  this  fine  publ  ication. 
Uearsay... By Allen C. Isbell
Free pass to the following judges: Judge
Thomas Routt (208th), Judge Doug Shaver (262nd),
Judge Charles Hearn (263rdl, Judge Ted Poe
(228thl, Judge Sherman Ross (County Criminal Court
tlO), Judge Neel Richardson (County Criminal Court
ta), Judge Shelly Hancock (County Cr iminal Court
'7) and Judge Terracino (County Criminal Court
H2.
At the March luncheon Jay Burnett reported on
the work of the amicus committee and its brief in
Robinson v. State (regarding reset agreements in
Harris County and the STA) • . • Justice Ben Levy
(1st Court of Appeals), a judicial activist, spoke
to our luncheon on his proposed ·parent-child
privilege-, emphasizing the paramount right of
privacy and the need for preserving the integrity
and stability of the family. Parents sending
children to prison and children sending parents to
prison is a spectre of a totalitarian society, in
Levy's views Randy Schaffer, our
association's expert in the parent-child
privilege, was present.
Attending the luncheon were a number of the
judiciary besides speaker, Justice Ben Levy, Judge
Angel Fraga (County Cr iminal Court 114), Judge
Bonnie Fitch (County Criminal Court '13), Judge
Sam Alfano (Municipal Court), Judge Frances
Williams (County Court '4), and Chief Justice
Frank Evans (1st Court of Appeals). How did Judge
Pat Lykos spend her birthday? In part, by
attending the luncheon of the HCCLA
Clyde Williams has been getting some
excellent speakers for our noon luncheon. In
April, Senator Parker will speak on the Grand Jury
system (he has a unique perspective nowl. In May,
Judge Eric Andell will speak about practicing
juvenile law. In the near future, Dr. Ron Owens of
the Life Skill Resource Center will speak on
Treatment for Aggressive Behavior and its
Courtroom Application.
The big ·N.G." of the year goes to Dick
DeGeurin for the acquittal of school principal
Fontenot
. Audley Heath got an -N.G." from a
jury. The charge was prostitution; the defense was
entrap- ment. was recently certified as a
criminal law specialist • . • Frank Medina got an
"N.G." on an indecency with a child case out of
the l83rd. Jury out 5 minutesl Case arose out of a
custody battle in divorce court. Seems a lot of
cases starting in the Family Law Center are
drifting across the street to 301 San Jacinto
• Sometimes defense lawyers like to lose - Desmond
Gay has lost 7S Ibs. • Mark Mueller won an
wN.G.- out of the 263rd, on an aggravated sexual
assault case involving a woman defendant and a S
year old female child. The videotape of the child
was suppressed before the trial Clyde
Williams is on a roll with 2 victories involving
alleged public -touching- in Montrose bars •
Mike Fosher has had 3 -N.G.'sw in a row, the
latest one being in County Criminal Court for .2
publ ic lewdness Kurt Wentz got a directed
verdict of ·N.G.· in an arson case out of the
339th.
Our prez. Robert Pel ton has conducted two
board meetings without resorting to four-letter
adjectives, nouns, or verbsl How did a nice boy
from Abilene learn the salty language of the sea?
Seen at the Country Playhouse's production of
"The Great Sebastians· were Judge Jon Lindsay and
wife Tony (she is research lawyer at the 1st Court
of Appeals) • His executive assistant,
Krischke, was in the play and she and hubby
Herbert hosted an after-play party. Patricia Lepe,
assistant, attended the play and party. The
play is about wmind reading.
w
Judge Jon Lindsay
appeared to be trying to read the minds of the
audience whether they were thinking Lindsay or
Greenwood.
In the ·all of the luck
w
department: on the
second day of the bar exam in Houston, the answers
to the essay packet were distributed, along with
the questionl Mistake caught in time to avert
everyone receiving a perfect grade.
Lieutenant Jerry R. Jones has been promoted
to the rank of Captain at a ceremony held on
February 14. Lieutenant Jones is the first Black
in the history of the Houston Police Department to
attain the rank of Captain.
Richard Anderson replaces Walter Wiebush as
legal advisor to the County Criminal Judges.
Wiebush is retired to the valley. When Anderson
was an assistant District Attorney in the
appellate division, he and Calvin Hartmann replied
to a 48 page brief with a single one-liner brief:
"The Appellant has fired an impressive legal
salvo, assailing his conviction, but tis for
naught, for the battle was lost before it was
fought - THIS COURT HAS NO JURISDICTION." Sure
enough, the Court had no jurisdiction. Lesson:
before you write a 48 page brief, check
jurisdiction.
by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization.
H.C.C.L.A. express sympathy to the family of
Judge Carroll Weaver (184th District Court), who
passed away after a long illness. Judge Weaver was
an excellent trial lawyer before becoming a judge.
Many years ago, when I started to practice
criminal law, I surveyed the court reporters in
the misdeamenor courts to ask who, in their
opinions, was the best D.W.I. trial lawyer. The
almost unanimous opinion was that Carroll Weaver
was the very best. When he became judge, he
remembered what it was like in private practice.
His fairness to all will be remembered. His life
time friendship with Judge Bill Ragan is an
example to all of the meaning of friendship.
Terry Proctor, the aborted candidate for the
230th ruled ineligible due to faulty application
form. Rumor is that Walter Boyd furnished Terry
the form • • • Hal Hudson is the published author
of an article in "Power Lifting U.S.A.", the
"Bible" for all those in that sort of thing. The
article is on lifting for competition after you've
passed 40, and gives Hal's schedule on the way to
winning the World Masters Championship for the
post-40 group. picture is featured lifting
about 1,000 Ibs - looks like a "wild-man"! Good
likeness, 1!ll.
Seen in the criminal courts building last
Friday, February 28, 1986, was Justice Murry Cohen
of the First Court of Appeals. When asked what he
was doing in the criminal courts building, he
replied that he had heard that reversible errors
were committed in that building and he was
checking it out! So far Justice Cohen has not
found reversible error in any case that I have
appealed • • • Judge Bill Ragan (County Criminal
Court il) has been reversed only four timas in 20
years on the bench.
Candelar io El i zondo and Terry Lea El inzondo
has relocated there office to Two Houston Center,
Suite 1515, 909 Fannin, Houston, Texas 77010,
telephone number 655-8085 . • • Jim E. Lavine has
become a shareholder in the firm formerly known as
the Law Offices of Jack B. Zimmermann, P.C. and is
now Zimmermann Ii Lavine, P.C. Lavine has also
become Board Certified as a specialist in criminal
Law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization.
H.C.C.L.A. express sympathy to the family of
Judge Carroll Weaver (184th District Court), who
passed away after a long illness. Judge Weaver was
an excellent trial lawyer before becoming a judge.
Many years ago, when I started to practice
criminal law, I surveyed the court reporters in
the misdeamenor courts to ask who, in their
opinions, was the best D.W.I. trial lawyer. The
almost unanimous opinion was that Carroll Weaver
was the very best. When he became judge, he
remembered what it was like in private practice.
His fairness to all will be remembered. His life
time friendship with Judge Bill Ragan is an
example to all of the meaning of friendship.
Let's nca, frail Yau •••
We want to hear from you! Please
send us your ideas or comments regard-
ing issues of interest to the criminal
defense practioner and please let us
know changes in address and telephone.
We welcome your participation.
ADVOCATE 
by Carolyn Garcia
Abraham Lincoln, presumably before
he entered politics on a full time basis,
said that a lawyer's time is his stock in
trade.
This concept has been freely translated
by the Texas criminal defense bar in the
words of a famous Chinese proverb: "No
tickee, no washee."
This has carried over to cases where a
Texas trial judge has ordered that a per-
son be executed by lethal injection before
sunrise on a given date.
The growing realization that the State
and Federal Governments are dead
serious about expediting these pre-sunrise
dates with the needle, has converted the
members of the criminal defense bar.
with a few exceptions, into Chinese laun-
dry men. unwilling to assume the un-
popular, unrewarding and unpaying
burden of fighting the State and Federal
judiciary as the State and Federal Con-
situtions and the Writ of Habeas Corpus
are emasculated. step by step.
Several weeks ago, Kerry Fitzgerald
and Rusty Duncan asked me to con-
tribute a regular column to fhe Voice
dealing with capital cases. I agreed, on
the condition that I would be permitted
to encourage lawyers to assist in
representing condemned prisoners in post
conviction proceedings. The column will
be centered around death penalty cases,
but the legal issues are applicable to many
areas of the practice of criminal law.
"Advocate" is orginally derived from
the latin verb, adv()(1Ire. meaning to sum-
mon to one's assistance; the noun form.
advocalus, orginally signified an assistant
or helper of any kind. even an accomplice
in the commission of a crime. Its present
signification is a pleader of causes. In
Spanish and French. avocat means
lawyer. I like the word as a noun or verb,
hence the name of the column.
There are over 200 prisoners on death
row in the Texas Department of Correc-
tions. 1110se on dircx.1 appeal have retain-
ed or appointed counsel. Those for whom
direct appeal resulted in affirmance are
usually represented by volunteer counsel,
if they have a lawyer at all. Far too many
have no counsel.
We have more than 30 capital cases in
our office. about 15 percent of the total
number of inmates on death row. Like
us, any other lawyers throughout the
state handle these cases without support
from local, county. or state bar associa-
tions or from organizations dedicated to
civil liberties. Recently, three scheduled
executions would have taken place but
for the intervention of volunteer lawyers.
These condemned inmates went to every
state bar association and every group of
civil libertarians for assistance and found
none until a sole practitioner stepped in.
We are often criticized when we agree to
represent condemned prisoners with an
impending execution date. Many bar
association leaders and individual
lawyers advise that lawyers refuse to help
in these cases. They suggest that we stand
by and let the prisoner die without a
lawyer. The reasoning is that the finan-
cial burden on volunteer lawyers is too
great and that the system. if stressed
enough. will find a way to compensate
lawyers for this representation. Perhaps
some feedback from this column will
help lind a solution.
A reason often given for refusing to ac-
cept a   p i t   l ca..\e after affirmance by the
Court of Criminal Appeals. is lack of ex-
periem:e or knowledge about the process.
Hopefully. this column will serve to
remove those fears. provide some
guidance and encourage lawyers to ac-
cept this work or help find others who
will. I've volunteered my office panner.
Will Gray, as a regular contributor to the
column. I hope that others around the
state working in this area will share their
legal and prai.1ical problems.
Death penalty post conviction work is
not really such an obscure area of the law
for thme who regularly practice trial and
appellate criminal law. The post convic-
tion practice involves reviewing trial
records, interviewing witnesses, briefma.
conducting evidentiary hearings with the
same kind of witnesses you might fmd in
any criminal trial, and persuading, by
legal and equitable arguments, the trial of
fact, The only difference is that one is not
entitled to a jury.
In post conviction proceedings, one is
usually opposed by fonnidable legal
scholars on the prosecutorial side, and
some times on the bench.
They provide a challenge not generally
offered in the courtroom in a day to day
trial practice because of the issues involv-
ed. The trend, of course, is to deny the
writ; the challenge. to find some running
room.
The writ of Habeas Corpus is the ex-
clusive post-conviction remedy in a
felony case in Texas. For that reason, this
first column will provide introduction
information into the Great Writ. It is im-
portant to keep in mind that the Writ of
Habeas Corpus is not a remedy just for
the condemned. The Writ should be an
integral and important part of any law
practice.
The writ can be used to challenge ex-
cessive bail, to compel the production of
minor children in court on custody mat-
ters. to test the legality of confinement
for contempt. to challenge confinement
on a faulty indictment or information, to
demand an out of time direct appeal (not
a substitute for appeaJ) and to collaterally
attack a conviction and sentence, among
other things. The writ is a matter of right.
but does not issue as a matter or course.
The application for "writ of habeas
corpus" is the notice to the person
holding another in confinement to pro-
duce that person and show cause why the
confinement should continue. "Habeas
Corpus" means "You have the body."
The writ is the precept to the confiner to
produce the body.
Advocate
For criminal cases, the procedure is
outlined in Chapter 11 of the Code of
Criminal Procedure, and particularly Ar-
ticle 11.07. Article 11.01, Vernon's Ann.
Code of Criminal Procedure defines the
writ of habeas corpus as:
"the remedy to be used when any
person is restrained in his Uberty. It
is an order issued by a court or
judge of competent jurisdiction,
directed to anyone having a person
in his custody, or under his
restraint, commanding him to pro-
duce such person at a time and
place named in the writ, and show
why he is held in custody or under
restraint. "
In this first colwnn, we are providing a
form writ that can be used in state and
federal court in postconviction felony
cases. In this instance, the form is filled in
to illustrate how the issues are framed.
The writ is med with the District Clerk
of the county of conviction and is return-
able to the Court of Criminal Appeals at
Austin, Texas. The District Clerk assigns
a file number ancillary to that of the con-
viction being challenged, i.e. XXXX-A,
and transfers it to the trial court of the
original conviction. The clerk of that
court sends a certified copy to the state's
attorney in that court who has 15 days to
respond. If the state's attorney does not
respond, the allegations are still deemed
denied.
Within 20 days of the state's response
date, the trial court must determine
whether there are unresolved factual
issues which require an evidentiary hear-
ing and if so, must within that time, enter
an order designating the factual issues to
be resolved. If the trial court fails to act
within the 20 days, then that failure con-
stitues a finding that no factual issues
need be resolved.
Factual issues may be developed and
resolved through evidentiary hearings,
depositions, interrogatories, or af-
fidavits. The fact findings of the state
court are given deference in all subse-
quent proceedings. The Code sets no time
limit in which the trial court must act
after entering an order that unresolved
factual issues exists.
Whether or not an evidentiary hearing
is held, the record of the proceedings and
findings of the trial court, if any, are then
transmitted to the Court of Criminal Ap-
peals and the Court may grant or deny
relief upon the findings and conclusions
of the hearing judge or may make in-
dependent findings and conclusions. The
Court of Criminal Appeals need not
follow the findings and recommenda-
tions of the trial court. If a writ is referred
to the Court ofCriminal Appeals without
a hearing being conducted in the trial
court, the Court may return the case for
an evidentiary hearing if the Court deter-
mines that unresolved factual issues exist.
Exhaustion of state remedies is a
necessary prerequisite to seeking relief in
federal court. A postconviction writ of
habeas corpus will be dismissed in federal
court absent proof that the writ was
presented and denied by the state convict-
ing court unless the state waives exhaus-
tion of state remedies. The law is clear
that all legal issues that should and could
be presented in the original or first writ
filed must be presented on the first
postconviction go-round. If one cannot
show substantial cause why the issues
were not presented in the first applica-
tion, the writ will be dismissed for "abuse
of the writ", regardless of the merits of
the issues.
Over the next several months, we will
print other forms, and suggest practice
and procedures for effective presentation
of the writ. Hopefully, we can develop a
forwn for discussions of significant state
and federal statutory and case law
changes that will not only help in
evaluating constitutional issues for the
writ, but also for resolving how to deal
with the difficulties in finding representa-
tion for condemned prisoners after direct
appeal, and for issues germane to the
general practice of criminal law.
Readers can contact me directly in
Houston or through the Voice for par-
ticular areas of interest or question. I
would like to include a question and
answer section at the end of each colwnn.
Readers provide the questions and I'U try
to find the answer. Hopefully together,
we can advocate.
Those who choose to advocate, and
who commit themselves to the brutal task
of facing the State and Federal judiciary,
can save valuable time by adapting the re-
quired Federal habeas corpus form for
use in the State Application for Habeas
Corpus. This first session includes a stan-
dard writ form for filing in the convicting
State court. See Appendix "A".
Next time we meet, the adaptation of
this State Application to a Petition in the
United States District Court will be
demonstrated. Following that, the pro-
cedure in the United States Court of Ap-
peals for the Fifth Circuit will be detailed.
As the Chinese say, a journey of a
thousand miles begins with a single step.
much less the Supreme Court. We were taught on
TRIAL TACTICS By Jim Skelton
Some of you have lived the scene and some of
you are about to live it. The door has just
slammed on what is called the "plea bargaining"
process and you find yourself sandwiched between
some old worn out ex-prosecutor who thinks he is
a judge and a group of recently burglarized citi-
zens who think they can be jurors.
The DA has just finished his voir dire. This
is a speech that all prosecutors make before they
get down to the serious business of striking all
blacks, long hairs .. Unitarians and miscellaneous
minorities from the jury panel.
It is now your
turn. You must talk. Words
coherent words --
must come out of your mouth. You have got to say
something.
The night before you thought of every scam
known to man to get are-set. "Maybe I'll have a
car wreck" or "Perhaps my Mother may die, or even
if she doesn't die, how can I fake her funeral?"
You put in a desparate call to your client, "Have
you had your appendix removed?" No such luck,
that was done the fourth time he went to TDC.
Everything has failed, and it is too late to turn
back.
Every criminal lawyer has gone through such
an experience and it is high time that we did
something to make this "welcome to the wonderful
world of criminal law" less traumatic. It should
be one of the major aims of this organization
The Harris County Criminal Defense Lawyers -- to
offer support and guidance to the young inexperi-
enced practitioner. This is the sole reason for
this column, so we can have a forum where the
more experienced lawyer can share their mistakes
and knowledge.
Think back to law school. What did you learn
there that later helped you try your first case?
Who taught you the predicate for getting a tape
recording into evidence? What law professor told
you about the "have you heard" rule and the dif-
ferences between a character and reputation wit-
ness? Or, how to perfect error when making an ob-
jection? Most of us were told long and endless
stories about what Justice Black said to Justice
Douglas about Justice Frankfurter's opinion of
the exclusionary rule and how Black would say
snot things to Frankfurter back in the robing
room. Most of the time, these stories were relat-
ed by someone who had never been before a JP Court
and on about the exclusionary rule but were never
told who had the burden of proof in a suppression
hearing, or how a motion to suppress motion should
be written, or how a suppression hearing is star-
ted, or the pitfalls of curative admissions, or
that the defendant could be called for the limit-
ed purpose of the suppression hearing. We learn-
ed all these valuable lessons by sending people
to jails as we stood there with our thumbs stuck
in the lower part of our digestive tract.
None of this is taught in law school because
most of the people teaching there know the day to
day mechanics of trying cases. They have never
bothered their great legal brains with the mun-
dane task of trying to help some sullen kid who
was busted for test driving someones car for sev-
en months. I learned this when one of my profes-
sors tried to defend his girlfriend's son. This
was also a lesson in the dulling effect hormones
can produce in the brain. The DA was able to in-
troduce the offense report as a business record
and thus ended this multi-lettered prof's skirmish
with the real world. It also ended his client's
freedom as he got 10 big ones. And the girl-
friend was non to happy either, she moved up a
notch by taking up with a plumber.
Law school is mentioned for one reason. You
should not feel badly because you have an irra-
tional urge to vomit in the judge's commode when
the bailiff brings in a jury panel. The simple
fact is that you are ignorant. Law school has
made you that way. Law school made you a lawyer
without ever having to try a case. It has taken
your inate ignorance and Socratically brought out
the best of it. Law school will teach you such
stupid things as, "Your honor, may this exhibit
be published to the jury?" Try this little num-
ber with an East Texas jury and see how long it
takes them to ask "Is the death penalty possible
for DWI' s?" or "Can we kill the lawyer too?"
My first suggestion is to admit to yourself
and your brother lawyers that you are insecure
and that you do not know what the hell you are
doing. Then go get some help. Find some experi-
enced lawyer who has managed to overcome his leg-
al training and pick his brain. Most defense
lawyers will bend over backwards to help you --
if you will ask. Of course, there are a few who
are so wonderful that they will share their "sec-
rets" only with God or reporters with really
great knockers, but that's the exception.
I know that it is difficult to admit your ig-
norance when your office walls are heavy laden
with plaques, diplomas, certificates and awards
extolling your virtues. I remember one of these
plaques collectors quite well. Everytime he was
set for trial, he would panic, get diarrhea and
show up at my house. He would spend the night
sitting on the john, whimpering and flushing un-
til I agreed to keep him from losing face. I
helped him through several trials - I had to, the
water bill got out of control - and now he is
doing fine.
The next step is an unlearning process. You
must unlearn all that gibberish that you were
taught in law school. Knock off all that lawyer
like language and relearn to talk like a normal
human being. Think of working with a jury in the
same vein as courting your sweetheart. Think
about this for a moment. What do you suppose
would happen if you whispered softly in her ear,
"You are the sole judge of the credibility of my
advances and the weight to be given my advances".
How many years would you get? How many cold
showers would you have to take? If most of us
courted like we tried law suits, we would have
to embalm our hearts and bodies because we would
never need them.
Hand-in-hand with this leraning to talk again
process comes the retuning our feelings process.
Simply stated, you have to unstarch your under-
wear and rejoin the human race. The overall
theory of trying a case is quite simple. It is
one human being (the lawyer) talking to a group
of human beings (the jury) about giving a fair
break to another human being (the defendant). Un-
til you understand this, you will never be suc-.
cessful.
There will be numerous suggestions in future
columns about this unlearning process and help-
ing you deprogram your legal education. Until
then, I would like to leave you with one final
t   o u ~   t about the value of the esoteric logic
that we are taught in law school. If a hen and
a half could lay an egg and half in a day and
half, how long would it take a monkey with a
wooden leg to kick all the seeds out of a dill
pickle?
ASKING  FOR  "GASKIN"  MATERIAL 
MAY  BOLSTER  THE  STATE'S  WITNESS 
NEW MEMBERS WELCOME
By:  Allen  C.  Isbell 
When  you  request,  receive,  and  read  "Gaskin" 
material  before  the  jury,  and  then  do  not  ask  any 
questions  based  on  the  previously  written 
statement  or  report  by  the  witness,  you  leave  the 
impression  that  the  witness'  trial  testimony  is 
the  same  as  his 
statement  written  shortly  after 
the  event. 
Unwittingly,  you  have  bolstered  his 
testimony. 
How  do  you  avoid  this,  since  the  rules  at 
present  do  not  allow  a  defense  lawyer  to  have  the 
statements  or  reports  prior  to  the  witness' 
testimony? 
You  may  file  a  motion  requesting  that  the 
court  excuse  the  jury  so  you  may  request,  receive, 
and  read  the  reports  before  cross-examining  the 
witness.  The  expectation  that  this  motion  will  be 
granted  in  most  cases  is  low. 
To  preserve  the  issue  for  appeal,  state 
clearly  the  ground  for  the  request  and  the  harm 
the  typical  procedure  causes.  A  possible  statement 
of  that  ground  is:  By  forcing  me  to  request, 
receive,  and  read  the  "Gaskin"  material  in  the 
jury's  presence,  the  Court  is  forcing  me  to 
bolster  the  witness'  testimony  if  I  do  not 
cross-examine  him. 
At  this  point,  a  tactical  decision  must  be 
made.  Either  you  accept  the  typical  procedure 
which  require'requesting  and  reading  the  report  or 
statement  in  the  presence  of  the  jury;  or,  you 
state  for  the  record  that  you  believe  the  harm  is 
so  great,  that  you  will  not  request  the  report  or 
statement  since  you  cannot  receive  and  read  them 
outside  the  jury's  presence. 
You  may  want  to  suggest  various  procedural 
steps  the  Court  could  take  which  would  permit  you 
to  request,  receive  and  read  the  reports  with 
minimal  interference  with  the  orderly  progress  of 
the  trial. 
Sponsor 
Terrance  Windham  Johnny  Gill 
William  G.  Rosch,III  J.Burnett/F.Cantu 
Jay  S.  Nedell  Cathy  Burnett 
David  A.  Bishop  Cathy  Burnett 
Paul  J.  Smith  Cathy  Burnett 
George  S.  Hebert  Cathy  Burnett 
Michael  J.  Brown  Jim  Dougherty 
Mark  S.  Byrne  Robert  Scardino 
Carol  A.  Neelley  Randy  McDonald 
Ellen  L.  Swierczek  Ron  Hayes 
Kevin  Howard  Robert  Pelton 
Raymond  L.  Fisher  William  J.  Rice,  Jr. 
Margaret  A.  Poissant  Mary  K.  Quinn 
Eliecer  Barreiro  Candy  Elizondo 
Mikahela  Speedon  Candy  Elizondo 
Nickolas  S.  Barrera  Candy  Elizondo 
Joseph  A.  Rumbaut  Veryl  E.  Brown 
Kathryn  Geiger  Johnny  Gill 
Angelica  Landa  Jose  Cantu,  Jr. 
Mi ller  Wallace  Robert  Pelton 
Robert  J.  Sussman  Robert  Pelton 
Esmeralda  Pena  Garcia  Pel ton/Elizondo 
Rogelio  Garcia  T.M.  Reardon 
Joel  Peralez  Robert  Pelton 
Willie  J.  Rhodes  Robert  Pelton 
Casbeer  Snell,  Jr.  Robert  Pelton 
Jose  Cantu,  Jr.  Felix  Cantu 
Clarence  Thompson  Robert  Pelton 
William  Pavlov  Robert  Pelton 
Bob  Burdette  Cathy  Burnett 
Neil  C.  McCabe  Jack  Zimmermann 
Kenneth  R.  Poland  Robert  Pelton 
John  Phillips  Johnny  Gill 
Roy  L.  Abner  Johnny  Gill 
Juanita  Jeys  Berta  Mejia 
Mary  E.  Conn  Robert  Pelton 
Cha.rles  Freeman  Johnny  Gill 
Frank  T.  Coleman  Williams/Guerrero 
Rose  Marie  Kennedy  Randy  McDonald 
T.  M.  Reardon  Robert  Pelton 
Joe  Hernandez  Candy  Elizondo 
Katherine  Scardino  Johnny  Gill 
Robert  J.  Pandak  Cathy  Burnett 
Lawrence  T.  Newman  Clyde  Williams 
Meetings...
COMBINED  BOARD  MEETINGS  - Juvenile,  Family,  Crimi-
nal,  Civil,  County  Criminal  Judges,  2nd  TueSday, 
noon,  of  each  month,  Administration  Bldg.  cafe-
teria,  Judge  Love  Chairman,  permiSSion. 
CIVIL  JUDGES  BOARD  MEETINGS  - ~   t Tuesday,  of  each 
each  month,  noon,  Administration  Bldg.  cafeteria; 
Judge  Solito,  Chairman. 
CRIMINAL  JUDGES  BOARD  MEETING  - ~   t Wednesday  of 
each  month,  noon,  Administration  Bldg.  cafeteria, 
Judge  Jon  Hughes,  Chairman. 
MEMBERS ON THE CURRENT GRAND JURIES
by: Ronnie Harrison
Below is the Grand Jury List for the
February, March, and April Term:
208th (meets Monday and Thursday)
1. Ms. Ina K. Zellers (Asst. Foreman), 4914
Gammage, Houston, Texas 77021, Phone 747-56721
2. Mr. Harvey Petree, 1405 Atlanta,
Deer Park, Texas 77536, Phone 479-6223;
3. Mr. William Erwin, 5688 Green Tree,
Houston, Texas 77056;
4. Mr. E. B. Dick, 3014 Maple Grove,
Houston, Texas 77092, Phone 681-2954;
5. Ms. Lenora Sorola, P. O. Box 9093,
Houston, Texas 77261, Phone 923-6374;
6. Mr. Darryl Hurt (Foreman), 3444 Ash Lane,
Deer Park, Texas 77536, Phone 479-8116:
7. Ms. Jerry Ann Miller, 5135 Bayou Timber,
Houston, Texas 77056, Phone 961-0741;
8. Mr. Aquino Torres, Jr., 14907 Windfern
Forest, Houston, Texas 77040, Phone 896-7615;
9. Ms. Flora Clark, 5946 Southington,
Houston, Texas 77033, Phone 645-8504;
10. Liz Latham, 706 Rutgers, Deer Park, Texas
77536, Phone 476-4607;
11. Robert O. Blaicher, 5618 Wigton, Houston,
Texas 77096, Phone 723-6345;
12. L. Q. Black, 2705 Sweetgum, Pasadena,
Texas 77502, Phone 944-9132;
209th (meets Tuesday and Thursday)
1. Mrs. Ann Sweatt, 2806 Eagle, Houston,
Texas 77002, Phone 529-8694;
2. Harold L. Matthews, 3548 Ruth, Houston,
Texas 77002, Phone 528-5195;
3. Louis Brandt (Asst. Foreman), 302
Timberwilde, Houston, Texas 77024, Phone 461-4455;
4. Wayne Wickman (Foreman), 10100 Southwest
Freeway, Houston, Texas 77074;
5. Tom Reader, P. O. Drawer 90969, Houston,
Texas 77290-0969;
6. Bill Smith, 13626 Portshire, Houston,
Texas 77079, Phone 464-3362;
7. Claudette Keis, P. O. Box 20167, Houston,
Texas 77225
.." 8. Ada Kiatta, 803 W. Friar Finch, Houston,
Texas 77025 Phone 680-0179;
9. Mary Louise Dial, 1300 Woods Edge Lane,
Houston, Texas 77024, Phone 782-2240;
10. Robert Mooring, 1202 Dorsetshire Or.,
Pasadena, Texas 77504, Phone 487-3186;
1. Connie Cummins, 11406 Greenbay, Houston,
Texas 77024;
12. Mrs. Marie Bani, 10051 Cedarda1e Dr.,
Houston, Texas 77055J
228th (meets on Tuesday and Friday)
1. Mrs. A1vera Ernestine Taylor, 1404
Dwinnel1, Baytown, Texas 77520, Phone 427-2836J
2. Ms. Donna Broussard, 11711 Pecan Gap,
Phone 558-5545
3. Janelle DeCastro, 16819 Rockstone,
Houston, Texas 77084, Phone 550-0455:
4. Bryon Calfee (Foreman), 702 DeFee,
Humble, Texas 77338, Phone 446-2886;
5. O. B. Lee, 4818 Burning Tree, Baytown,
Texas 77521, Phone 424-8231;
6. John B. Niday, Jr., Box 262003, Houston,
Texas 77009, Phone 644-3831;
7. David Contreras, 3923 McLean Rd. ,
Baytown, Texas 77521, Phone 424-1686;
8. Robert A. Barnard (Foreman), 19911
Pinewind, Humble, Texas 77346, Phone 852-1935;
9. Ms. Bennie Kadjar, 3404 Creekbend Dr.,
Baytown, Texas 77521, Phone 422-6766;
10. Robert McFarlane, 734 International Blvd.
*64, Houston, Texas 77024, Phone 683-0890;
11. Isabel Vara, 904 Maltby, Houston, Texas
77011, Phone 926-2981;
12. Robert F. McWhirter, 7900 Bellaire '101,
Houston, Texas 770361
230th meets Monday and Wednesday
1. Frank Schulman, 8002 Skyline, Phone
782-8192;
2. W. Lane Rivers (Foreman), 13635 Pine
Rock, Houston, Texas 77079, Phone 468-5218;
3. David Galiado, 8503 Ferraro Lane,
Houston, Texas 77037, Phone 448-7677;
4. Ella Oliphant, 3915 Madden, Houston,
Texas 77047, Phone 738-6502;
5. J. Wayne Roberts, Phone 333-5814;
6. Jo Laydde Boies, 1702 Vassar, Houston,
Texas 77098, Phone 523-3339;
7. Inez Bonney, 1601 Gregg, Houston, Texas,
Phone 227-7374;
8. Victoria Richards (Asst. Foreman), 3729
Rio Vista, Phone 747-5994;
9. Lydia Velasquez Myers, 10715 Sage Berry,
Houston, Texas 77089;
10. Albert Charles Evers, 10402 Hinds,
Houston, Texas 77034, Phone 946-4212;
11. Yolanda Manrique, 3851 Teakwood, LaPorte,
Texas 77571;
12. George Binder, 3 Gessner, Houston, Texas
'77024, Phone 464-9215;
232nd meeta Wednesday and Priday
1. Mrs. Frank E. -Hellen- Nelson, 2701
Virginia, Baytown, Texas 77520, Phone 422-8039:
2. Abner Anderson, Jr. (Asst. Foreman), 5630
Benning Dr., Houston, Texas 77096, Phone 721-2380:
3. Landon V. Davis, Jr., 13328 Oak Leaf
Lane, Houston, Texas 77015, Phone 453-1081:
4. Claro Carreon, 4402 Lido Lane, Houston,
Texas 77092, Phone 686-8378:
5. Mrs. James L. -Myrtle- Walker, 11702
Wendover, Houston, Texas 77024, Phone 465-1126
6. Julias Wilburn, 3722 Ward, Houston, Texas
77021, Phone 747-4873:
7. Olga R. Gallegos, 8182 Juliabora,
Houston, Texas 7io17, Phone 644-8881:
8. Mario Quintero, 2 Mockingbird Circle,
Houston, Texas 77074, Phone 772-0940:
9. Mrs. Noble D. -Alline- Jones, Jr., 408
South Burnet Dr., Baytown, Texas 77520, Phone
424-5763:
10. Edna Ruth Pr ice, 2603 Noble Street,
'Houston, Texas 77026, Phone 228-2577:
11. Robbie Ray deVires, 802 Piney Pt.,
Houston, Texas 77024, Phone 467-1216:
12. Fred Van Osdell (Foreman), 3822 Drummond,
Houston, Texas 77025, Phone 665-2001:
RECEPTIONIST WANTED FOR SMALL
DOWNTOWN LAW FIRM IN THE TEXAS
COMMERCE TOWER. CALL KATHERINE
SCARDINO AT 229-9292.
Listed below you will find a list of the
Grand Jury Bailiffs' and District Attorneys's
names, phone numbers and address and District
Clerk' s off ice phone number for Grand Jury
questions.
1. Bailiffs: Henry Callahan, Johnny Scott,
Cindy Thorpe (Phone 22l-5880)
2. District Attorneys: Jim Mosely, Chief:
Eldred Hammond, Allen McAshan, Chuck Cottingham,
Cheryl Turner and Don McCormick (Phone 22l-6170)
3. Disrict Clerk's Office for Grand Jury
Questions (Phone 221-7857)
4. Grand Jury Address: 201 Fannin, 9th
Floor, Houston, Texas 77002
WANTED PUBLIC DEFENDERS -
EXCELLENT POTENTIAL FOR
MOTIVATED C ~ I M I N   L DEFENSE
ADVOCATES. THREE POSITIONS
FOR LRIYERS, NEW GRADUATES
TO TI:O YEARS EXPER IENCE.
ONE POSITION FOR A LAWYER
WITH TWO PLUS YEARS EXPERIENCE.
SEND RESUMES TO CHARLOTTE
HARRIS, PUBLIC DEFENDER,
WITCHITA FALLS, TEXAS 76301.
rzl,urr,b 
Jrjr
Gmrt {q/'   fj,/,C{l/J> 
101 N. Elm
Denton, Texas 76201 (817) 566-7010
Pd for by RustyO;;rcan Campa'gr, Alan levy. Treas 101 N Elm. Denton. TX 7620t
BLACKWOOD  224·0305 
73D15
74145 
BAIL  BORDS 
LET  US  PLAB  YOUR  JAIL  BREAK. 
-
ABD, 
BURlS  &
-
Judge  Musslewhite,  looks  like  a  courtroom  should.
COURT TAL(S By Judge Shelly Hancock
I  will  miss  the  high  ceiling,  and  the  wooden  pan-
Tbanks  to  the  Harris  County  Criminal  Lawyers 
Association  for  providing  this  "Court  Tales"  col-
umn.  If  I  am  diligent  meeting  deadlines,  the 
county  criminal  and  the  criminal  district  judges 
can  use  "Court  Tales"  to  communicate  to  lawyers 
such  items  as  upcoming  political  events  or  changes 
in  courtroom  procedures.  For  instance,  an  attor-
ney's  presence  is  required  at  sentencing  because 
this  is  a  critical  stage  of  the  trial.  Most  of 
the  county  courts  require  a  waiver  for  the  law-
yer's  presence  on  the  judgment  snd  sentencing  date. 
There  has  been  a  shake-up  of  the  location  of 
some  of  the  county  criminal  courts.  County  crimi-
nal  Court  #4  (Judge  Francis  Williams)  has  moved 
across  the  hall  on  the  second  floor  of  the  crimi-
nal  courts  building.  County  Criminal  Court  #6 
(Judge  Bob  Musslewhite)  is  now  located  on  the  7th 
floor  where  I  used  to  be  located.  I  have  moved 
my  court  (County  Criminal  Court  #7)  to  the  second 
floor  where  Judge  Williams  held  court. 
This  spring  there  will  be  another  fruit-
basket-turn-over  of  some  of  the  county  criminal 
courts  when  some  construction  in  the  old  fire 
station  building  is  completed.  Expect  courts  13 
and  14  to  have  their  own  courtrooms  then.  There 
also  may  be  movement  this  spring  among  courts  2, 
11,  1 .. ,and,  maybe,  court  10. 
The  county  courtroom  on  the  7th  floor  of  the 
criminal  courts  building  that  has  been  occupied 
by  three  judges:  Judge  Jimmy  Duncan,  me,  and  now, 
WANTED  BLACK    PLEASE 
CALL  PAUL  SMITH  AT  271-2413. 
eling.  I  made  the  move  because  the  staff's  of-
fices  on  the  second  floor  is  much  roomier  and 
better  arranged  than  those  accomodations  on  the 
7th  floor.  But,  yes,  all  the  courtroom  on  the 
second  floor  have  that  certain  plastiC  look. 
Oh  well,  that's  progress. 
The  district  courts  have  moved  their  court 
manager  and  his  staff  to  the  first  floor  of  the 
criminal  courts  building.  This  space  at  dif-
ferent  times  has  been  the  tax  office,  constable's 
office  and  neighborhood  justice  center.  Court 
manager  Jack  Thompson  invites  all  attorneys  to 
drop  by  and  say  hello.  What  does  the  district 
court  manager's  staff  do?  They  do  a  lot  but 
Jack  makes  it  sound  simple  by  answering,  "assist-
ing  the  district  courts".  Drop  by  and  let  Jack 
get  more  detailed. 
The  courthouse  is  mourning  everyone's  good 
friend,  the  late  Judge  Carroll  Weaver  of  the  184th 
th  District  Court.  Months  ago,  Judge  Weaver  cal-
led  Judge  Hearn  from  his  hospital  room.  He  asked 
Judge  Hearn  to  conduct  the  funeral  service.  Judge 
Hearn  did  a  wonderful  but  difficult  job  eulogizing 
Judge  Weaver.  It  was  said  at  the  funeral  that 
Carroll  Weaver  was  sometimes  blunt.  But  he  al-
ways  talked  straight  and  directly  from  the  heart. 
.... so  true.  Good-bye  Judge  Weaver.  You 
left  a  mark  on  the  many  people  you  knew  during 
your  30  plus  years  of  practicing  law  and  being  a 
Judge. 
TEXAS  DRUNK  DRIVING  LAW 
may  be  ordered  directly  from  the 
Dubl  isher.  Wri  te  Butterworths  at 
11004  Metric  Blvd.,  Austin,  Texas 
78758  or  call  (512)  835-7921. 
DETAI  LS: 
Volume  1  -- tabbed  looseleaf 
approx.  320  pages.  Volume  2  --
tabbed  looseleaf  approx.  275 
pages.  Published  January  1986. 
$150.00  for  2-Volume  set. 
 
Bail Bond Service
1404 CONGRESS
HOUSTON, TEXAS 77002
(713) 227-1777
We would like to thank the HARRIS COUNTY CRIMINAL DEFENSE LAWYERS
for taking advantage of our fee program. We feel this program has afforded
additional CASH FLOW to you by paying less for bail bond fees.
LAWYERS BAIL BOND SERVICE would like to extend our low cost ree program
along with immediate jail release for your clients. We are confident as an
extension oC your office that we can represent your clients in a proCessional and
courteous manner of which you would be proud.
LAWYERS BAIL BOND SERVICE can handle your bail bond needs anywhere in
the United States. Through our Underwriting Department, we can help you take
advantage or out of town or state resources not only to pay our fees but to
collateralize or pay your rees as well.
Please call 227-1777 Cor our 24 hour immediate JAIL RELEASE SERVICE.
TER'VIS ARE AVAILABLE: BILLING TO ALL ATI'ORNEYS:
$800.00 BONDS = $13).00 + $20.00
$1,500.00 BONDS =$200.00 + $20.00
$2,000.00 AND ABOVE 1(1;16 ... $20.00
FEDERAL BONDS, MIDIlCIPAL BONDS, and JP BONDS are negotiable on a per
client basis.
HARRIS COUNTY CRIr1INAL LP.\NEPS ASSOCIATION
YOU ARE AGREAT ORGANIZATION!
THANK YOU FOR YOUR SUPPORT
JUDGE CHARLES J. HEARN
263RD JuDICIAL D I S T ~ I   T COURT
W ~ ~ WASTE  YOUR  TIME  SITTING  IN  COURT? 
RE-ELECT  JUDGE  JIMMIE  D U N C   ~
COUNTY  CRH1H1AL  COURT  AT  LAvJ  #3 
"HE  HAS  SAVED  YQUR PROFESSIOfJAL  TH1E  FOR  29  YEARS." 
Paid for by Judge Jimmie Duncan Appreciation Committee, Gerald Payte, Treasurer,
12011 Prado Wood, Cypress, Tx. 77429
JUDGE  BONNlb:  FITCH 
COUNTY  CRIMINAL COURT AT LAw No. 13 
1302 PRESTON 
HOUSTON.  TEXAS  77002 
713/221-7950 
February 10, 1986
PRE S S R E LEA S E
Judge Bonnie Fitch has announced her candidacy for the
Democratic nomination to the County Criminal Court at Law
No. 13 bench.
Judge Fitch, incumbent, was appointed in August, 1985.
The Judge received her legal training at Texas Southern University
School of Law. She has been practicing May 1975 and has
experience in criminal law. She is married and has three
children.
Judge Fitch served as an Associate Municipal court Judge
for four and a half years prior to taking the County
Court bench. She has also served as a Master in the Family
District Court and as Master in Chancery in the County CiVll
Court.
Judge Fitch brings to the bench her experience as a
city Judge. She describes herself as a "people's person" and
enjoys being a part of the Judiciary. She spends her spare
time working in community service organizations. She is a
member of the American Bar Association# National Bar Association,
HOuston Bar Association, Houston Lawyers Association and
Black Women Lawyers Association. She is licensed to practice
in the State of Texas, the Southern of the United
States, the Fifth and Eleventh Districts of the United States
and the Supreme Court of the United States.
KEEP JUDGE ANGEL FRAGA
COUNTY COURT # 14
JUDGE FR,I\GA HAS BEEN I N THE GEilERAl PRACTI CE
OF lAW CIVIL &CRIMINAL FOR 24 YEARS
SERVED FeR (9) YEARS AS AN ASSOCIATE MUNICIPAL
COURT JUDGE (1974-1983)
APPOI1nED BY   VOTE OF HARRIS COUNTY
COMMISSIONER'S COURT (5-0) ON JANUARY 1J 1986
TO THE COUNTY CRIMINAL COURT #14
THE FRAGA FAr'lIlY IS \1ELL KNOv!N AND RESPECTED
IN THE COW1UNITY
LET'S KEEP JUDGE FRAGA - HE IS DOING AGLJDD JOB!
fiRST COURT Of APPEALS
By Henry L. Burkholder, II I
Cases reported 1/29/85 thru 2/29/86
James McQueen v. state, 1/29/86, J. Duggan.
This case demonstrates the
PICK AND CHOSE RULE OF CONSTRUING THE EVIDENCE ON APPEAL TO
UPHOLD THE JURY'S VERDICT OF GUILT.
D was indicted for murder, but found guilty of aggravated
assault. (Never mind why, that's not important here). State's
eyeball witness saw D strike CW with a stick, lots of blood, and
the CW being assisted home by friends. Other W's said CW
complained of headaches and dizziness and that D slept all the
next day. Medical examiner testified that CW expired from club
wounds, but that the injury had to have been inflicted 8 to 24
hours before death. D argues that because of the ME's time frame,
the evidence was insufficient to find that it was his clubbing
that caused the death of the CWo The Court of Appeals held, that
the jury was free to accept the ME's cause of death, but reject
his estimation of when the cause incurred.
STATE MAY COMMENT DURING JURY ARGUMENT CONCERNING COUNSEL'S
FAILURE TO GO BACK MORE THAN TEN YEARS WITH D'S CRIMINAL RECORD.
ALSO, APPLICATION OF THE "IT'S NOT REVERSIBLE UNLESS IT HURTS"
RULE.
At trial D testified that he had not been convicted of a felony
or misd/mt in the last ten years. (Guess what happened to D 19
years ago!). S in argument to the jury trial hints that there was
a good reason why D's att did not go back past 10 years. Court of
Appeals held it was error for the state to argue to the jury that
the rules of evidence was hiding something from them. However,
the Court held the error HARMLESS, since "no new and harmful
facts were injected."
NOTE: A different result might have occurred had S told the jury
outright that D had a conviction more than 10 years old.
APPLICATION OF THE 'OBVIOUS AS ALL GET-OUT' EXCEPTION TO THE
CORRECT-GROUND CONTEMPORANOUS OBJECTION RULE.
Familiar rule that when an objection is made, the grounds for the
objection must be stated, sometime with unrealistic precision.
Here, D's counsel objected to S's jury argument concerning the
previously reviewed ground, but the only ground he could think of
quickly enough was that the argument was "horrible." CA noted
that objection was "vague and conclusory." "Nevertheless, the
[trial] court should have been made aware Qy any objection at all
that the State's argument" was improper. Error was not waived by
failure .to make a precise enough objection. NOTE: Att was excused
from having to tender a more precise ground, but was not excused
from making an objection. ---
Tony Ray Prejaean   State, 1/16/86, J. Levy
HARRIS COUNTY AGREED RESET FORMS HELD WAIVERS, FOR STATUTORY
SPEEDY TRIAL PURPOSES.
Once again, the "Agreed Resee' form s tha t everyone must sign to
get out of felony court held to consti tute an excludable period
of time under the Speedy Trial Act. Opinion does not address how
an att can sign one of these forms without waiving the reset
period of time. One idea is to change the form from "Agreed
Reset
ll
to "Notice of ReseL" Also, one might write "0 demands a
speedy trial" on the form. Remember that the Act excludes periods
of delay resulting from a continuance granted at the request or
with the consent of D. Article 32A.02 section 4(3) C.C.P.
D'S DEFENSE THAT t:E HAD SPECIFIC INTENT TO COMMIT ONE CRIME DOES
NOT STOP JURY FROM FINDING THAT THROUGH THAT CRIME 0 ALSO
INTENDED TO COMMIT ANOTHER CRIME. THE DEFENSE THAT 0 COULD HAVE
ONLY ONE INTENT AT A TIME FAILS ON APPEAL.
o convicted by a jury of arson, a specific intent crime. 0
testified that he intended to start fire in building, but only as
a means of committing suicide. Viewing the evidence in the light
most favorable to the jury's verdict, the jury could have found
that 0 intended to destroy himself as well as the building.
Roy Lee Fontenot   State, 1/16/86 J. Dunn.
STATE DOES NOT NEED A JUDGMENT TO PROVE UP ENHANCMENT PARAGRAPH.
D'S PRISON RECORD IS SUFFICIENT.
Record is sufficient to uphold an enhancment paragraph, where
state introduces a "pen packet" which is no more than D's prison
file. No judgment in file. However, notation in file shows ct and
cause number. CA held this was enough.
Ex parte Ernest   Fivel, 1/16/86, J. Smith
FAILURE TO CONDUCT 24 HOUR HEARING DOES NOT ENTITLE 0 TO RELEASE.
o filed pretrial habeas corpus, demanding release because he was
not given a probable cause hearing within 24 hours. 0 is entitled
to   PC hearing under Gerson   Pugh, 420 U.S. 103 (1975). 0 is
entitled to this hearing within 24 hrs., under Sanders v. City of
Houston, 543 F. SUpPa 694 (S.D. Tex. 1982).0 IS NOT ENTITLED TO
RELEASE SIMPLY BECAUSE HE WAS NOT GIVEN A HEARING FAST ENOUGH. D
entitled to relief only if he alleges and proves no PC.
Bernard Stuart Coleman   State, 1/23/86, J. Dunn
EVIDENCE INSUFFICIENT TO CONVICT D ON DWI, WHERE STATE COULD NOT
PUT D DRUNK BEHIND THE WHEEL. APPLICATION OF THE CORPUS DELICTI
RULE.
Officers arrive on scene of wreck. D, standing outside of one
wrecked car, informs officers that he was driving, and that he
ran into other vehicle. D was not alone in his vehicle. Officer
could tell D intoxed. EVI INSUFF TO CONVICT. D's statement could
put him behind the wheel, but the state could not show when D
became intoxed.
Furthermore, D's extrajudical confession alone is not enough to
convict. State must cor rob D's statement with other evidence
showing the truth of said statement. Here, no evi to corrob what
D said. Different result if (1) car was registered to D and D was
alone, or (2) eyewitnesses that D was driving alone.
COURT OF CRIMINAL APPEALS
By Cathy Burnett
David L. SCHUESSLER, No. 289-83 - Opinion on State's and Appel-
Ianfrg--Petition for Discretionary Review: Reversed/Judgment of
Acquitall Entered - Judge W. C. Davis [T. Davis, Teague and
Campbell concur in result; Onion, McCormick and White dissent] -
2/5/86
SUFFICIENCY OF EVIDENCE: WHAT IS THE PROPER STANDARD OF REVIEW
WHERE SUFFICIENCY OF EVIDENCE HAS BEEN CHALLENGED AND AN
AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE IS PRESENTED? This was a murder prosecution
in which victim was D's 4 year old daughter; D raised insanity
defense •. Cour t of Appeals reve rsed and remanded, concl ud ing that
D's affirmative defense of insanity had been adequately
established and thus, the jury finding on insanity was ·contrary
to the great weight and preponderance of the evidence.· The same
issue was before TCA in Van Guilder (No. 899-84; delivered
11/6/85). The test, rejecting the CIA approach as creating
itself as a 13th juror with veto power over the verdict, is:
·When the sufficiency of the evidence to support an
affirmative defense is at issue the appellate court must
review all the evidence presented which bears on the
affirmative defense in the light most favorable to the
implicit finding by the jury with respect to such
defense. Then, the appellate court must determine if
any rational trier of fact could have found that the
defendant failed to prove his defense by a preponderance
of the evidence.-
Here the TCA reviewed the evidence and found it legally
insufficient. Among the important factors were: State did not
produce any rebutting evidence, in fact its evidence tended to
confirm D's insanity in many respects; State's doctor declined to
express opinion on D's legal sanity and stated he believed in the
judgment of some of the defense doctors without question, he also
diagnosed D as suffering from acute paranoid psychosis; two
jailers who testified that they observed no bizarre behavior from
D saw him after he had been receiving treatment for 3 months;
evidence from the defense standpoint included recitation of
several instances of bizarre behavior from both strangers and
family members.
Cecil Lavelle ARCHER, No. 211-84 - Opinion on Appellant's
petitlon-roflDiscretionary Review: Affirmed - Judge W.C. Davis -
2/5/86
VIOLATION OF -THE RULE-: EXPANSION OF THE HARM ANALYSIS: Art.
36.03 C.C.P. is the provision concerning witnesses placed under
-the Rule-, TCA expands the harm analysis for appellate review;
the standard was previously found in Haas v. State, 498 S.W,2d
206 (1973) The former standard was:
(1) Did the witness actually hear the testimony of the
other witness, and
(2) Did the witness's testimony
testimony of the witness he actually he
contradict the
ard.
TCA
when
found first rule too narrow because it did
witnesses conferrred among themselves
not provide for
without court
permission. The second criteria was too restrictive because when
two State or defense witnesses confer outside the courtroom on a
matter pertinent to the case 'their testimony is likely to
COINCIDE, not conflict. Thus the Haas rule has been expanded as
follows:
(1) Did the witness actually hear the testimony of the
other witness, or did the witnesses confer among
themselves without court permission; and
(2) Did the witness's testimony contradict the
testimony of the witness he actually heard, or if two or
more state witnesses violate the rule by conferring on
an issue bearing on the guilt or innocence of the
accused about which they later testify, injury or
prejudice flows from testimony that either corroborates
another witness for the prosecution or contradicts
defensive testimony on that issue,
Under the instant facts the rule was technically violated by the
prosecutor's conference with 2 witnesses at the same time.
However there was no evidence to indicate that a discussion took
place between them during which an issue material to the case was
decided.
Martin Luther ADAMS, No. 364-84 - Opinion on Appellant's
petition-:tOr Discretionary Review: Affirmed - Judge Tom Davis
Concurring Opinion by Clinton; Dissenting Opinion by Teague] -
2/5/86
INDICTMENTS: NEW STANDARD FOR MOTIONS TO QUASH BASED ON NOTICE
DEFECTS: TCA overrules recent case of Jeffers V. State, 646
S.W.2d 185 (TCA 1981; Opinion on Rehearing) to the extenf-it bars
inquiry into the harm suffered by D as result of overruling his
motion to quash. TCA now adopts following two step test:
(1) Did the charging instrument fail to convey some
requisite item of -notice-
(2) If so, did this have an impact on D's ability to
prepare a defense, and how great an impact.
Case involved obscenity prosecution. Two films were seized at
same time. Information did not apprise D of which motion picture
State intended to prove was obscene. T/C should have granted
motion to quash. However, record does not show how D was
prejudiced by this defect in the charging instrument: Attorney
had viewed both films before trial, he knew that both depicted
similar behavior, he did not present a defense based on the
content of the material. [NOTE: The harm analysis used here is
similar to the Almanza stanaara in reviewing defects in court's
charge to jury. D will have to show how defect prejudiced his
substantial rights.]
Ex parte   No. 68,970 - Opinion on 11.07 Writ: Relief
-eniea-=-judge Onion [Clinton dissents without opinion] - 2/5/86
COLLATERAL ATTACKS ON GUILTY PLEAS CANNOT BE BASED ON SUFFICIENCY
OF EVIDENCE CLAIM: Applicant attacked 5 aggravated robbery
convictions to which he pled guilty in 1978. Court reporter no
longer had transcript of plea hearings. Only evidence
introduced in support of pleas were written stipulations [the
stipulations established aggravated assault but did not contain
the -in the course of committing theft- language of aggravated
robbery].
HELD: Applicant may not collaterally attack sufficiency of
evidence- to support felony conviction based on plea of guilty
before the court. [Applies also to nolo contendere pleas.] TCA
reasons that because there is no federal constitutional
equirement that evidence of guilt mst be offered to corroborate
a guilty plea in state criminal prosecution, the test of
Jackson v. virgina, 443 U.S. 307 (1979) [whether any rational
trier ot.:cact couId have found proof of guilt beyond a reasonable
doubt] has no application. This opinion does NOT reach the
question of the impact of Jackson upon collateral attacks on
sufficiency where plea was -not guilty- and burden of proof is on
State beyond a reasonable doubt.
Here the Applicant did not claim his 5 pleas were
involuntary or unintelligent; did not assert innocence or that
he was misled by attorney or court. TCA seems to find
significant the facts that Applicant did not attempt to withdraw
his 5 pleas, seek new trial or appeal.
Raymond Carl FREDA, No. 119-83 - Opinion on Appellant's Petition
for DfScretlonary Review: Affirmed - Judge W.C. Davis [Clinton
dissents without opinion] - 2/12/86
ENHANCEMENTS: NO FATAL VARIANCE BETWEEN NAME OF PRIOR ALLEGED
[Bank Robbery] FOR ENHANCEMENT AND PROOF AT TRIAL [Conspiracy to
Commit Bank Robbery]: TCA announces here that it is following
the trend moving -toward a relaxation of the rigid technical
rules of the past-. The indictment alleged a prior conviction
for enhancement, naming that offense -felony of Bank Robbery.-
Proof at trial showed that D had been convicted of conspriacy to
commit bank robbery. Thus there was a variance between the name
of the prior alleged and proved. D did not show that this
varlance in any way surprised him to his preJudice. Therefore,
variance was not fatal. Aaron v. State, 546 S.W.2d 277 (TCA 76)
overruled to the extent of-conrTict.
Jacquelyn H. DREWETT, No. 292-85
- Opinion on Appellant's
Petitfon--ror Discretionary Review:
Reversed - Judge Tom Davis -
2/12/86
COURT'S CHARGE: STATEMENT NOT TO CONSIDER ABSENCE OF VIDEO IN
DWI PROSECUTION WAS REVERSIBLE ERROR: D arrested for DWI on
1/18/84 in Houston. DWI-video statute came into effect 1/1/84.
Houston [Harris County] covered by statute requiring county to
purchase and maintain electronic devices capable of visually
recording a person arrested for DWI. D was not Mvideoed
M
; she
was unable to supply a sUfficient air sample for intoxolizer
testing; D and husband [who was with her at time of arresst]
testified she was not intoxicated; officer testified to swerving,
near accident, failure to get past MS· in alaphabet, strong odor
alcohol, etc ..
Over objection trial court charged jury:
·You are instructed that under the laws of Texas, a
county with a population of 25,000 or more is required
to provide electronic devices capable of visually
recording a person immediately after his arrest for the
offense of DWI. Evidence has been introduced in this
case that such electronic device was not available in
Harris County on January 18, 1984, and that therefore
the officer failed to visually record the defendant in
this case. This is no evidence that the defendant was
intoxicated or was not intoxicated. In your
deliberations you shall not consider for any purpose,
allude to, comment on or discuss the unavailability of
the recording as evidence that the defendant was or was
not intoxicated. This evidence has been submitted for
the sole purpose of showing, if you so find, the
unavailability of a required visual recording at the
time of the arrest and the reason therefor.
M
TCA found that the tic instructions effectively denied D the
right to make any comment regarding the failure to make a
required visual recording during jury argument and prohibited
jury from considering the evidence reagrding the lack of the
recording. Under the statute [Sentate Bill 1, Chapter 303,
Section 24, 68th Legislature, which can be found as a note to
both Art. 67011-1, V.A.C.S. and Article 19.05 V.A.P.C.] the fact
that an arresting officer or person acting on his behalf failed
to visually record a person arrested for DWI is admissible at
trial. Therefore TCA could not conclude D was not harmed.
JAY  W.  BURNETT 
CAMPAIGN 
183rd Criminal District Court
THE FOLLOWING ATTORNEYS JOIN WITH AND ENDORSE JAY W. BURNETT IN HIS
CANDIDACY FOR JUDGE OF THE 183RD DISTRICT COURT.
Abel, Clifford Stewart
Abner, Roy
Ackerman, John
Acosta, Geraldo
Acosta, Jaime
Acosta, Rudy
Adamo, Sam
Akins, Wendi
Aldridge, Clement Jr.
Alvarez, Frank
Aninao, Tony
Asher, Paula
Ashley, Susan
Avila, Paul
Baird, Charles
Barker, John
Barrera, Ellis Jr.
Barrera, Nickolas S.
Barrow, Mike
Bass, Perry N.
Bates, W. Randolph Jr.
Beene, Roy
Behrens, Ralph
Benefield, Jim
Berg, David
Bergman, Peter A.
Bertrand, Ira
Bethea, william H.
Bires, David
Birnberg, Jerry
Bishop, David A.
Bolz, Farrell P.
Bond, George
Bosse, Fred
Bourque, Gerald
Boyd, Walter
Bradshaw, D. Channing
Bragg, Melanie
Bransford, Gladys T.
Brass, Rick
Brauer, Ken
Brelsford, H.P.
Brink, Charles "Chuck"
Bromley, William R.
Brooks, James
Brownshadel, Elton L.
Burgess, Ray
Burnett, Barbara
Burnett, Catherine
Campbell, Carson T. Jr .
Campbell, Darryl
Candelario, Elizondo
Cantrell, Don
Cantu, Felix
Capote, Rachel
Carnahan, Michael
Carpenter, Scott
Carr, Walter
Carroll, J. C.
Carter, Eric
Carter, Rayford L.
Cate, Charles C.
Chandler, George
Chavana, Hector A.
Chenkin, Ira
Clemmer, Don
Coe, John
Coleman, Frank T.
Coleman, Willie H. Jr.
Colins, Terry
Conn, Mary E.
Contreras, Juan
Cook, Bob
Cope, Rick
Cornelius, R.P."Skip"
Coyne, Bryan
Crow, John E.
Davila, Mario Jr.
Dellinger, E. M.
Detamore, Loren
Devlin, Glenn H.
Dewberry, Donald
Dickens, Ray
Dowell, Larry
Easterling, Danny
Elmore, John
Ervin, Don
Essmyer, Michael
Evans, Larry Q
Fagan, Kathryn
Fellows, Kerry
Fibich, Tommy
FitzGerald, Kerry
Flenniken, Terry
Ford, Barbara
Fosher, Mike
Fox, Jan
Frankoff, Richard
Freed, Floyd W. III
Freeman, Charles
Funchess, Jesse R.
Gailey, Patrick
Gaiser, Terrence
Garcia, Carolyn
Garcia, Esmeralda Pena
Garcia, Roger
Garza, Ed
Geiger, Kathryn
George, Mary Ann
Gerhardt, JoAnn
Gerson, Dan
Gifford, Bill
Gilbert, Larry
Gill, Johnny
Gladden, Greg
Glass, James Greg
Goberman, Michael
Goffney, Gladys R.
Goldsmith, Alan
Goldstein, Jeffrey S.
Goode, Kenneth E.
Goode, W. K.
Gordon, Lana
Gottlieb, Debora
Govella, M. Arnold
Gray, Will
Green, Bill
Greenlee, steven
Greer, DeEdward
Grends, Xavier
Griswold, Billy
Guerinot, Jerry
Habern, Bill
Hardeway, Grant
Hards, Barry
Harper, H. Lon
Hartman, Robin
Hatley, Larry
Haynes, R. "Racehorse"
Hazard, George
Heath, Robert A. "Bob"
Hellums, John
Hennessey, Mary
Hess, James D.
Hickey, Francis "Frank"
Hirling, John
Hocker, Wesley
Holland, Robin "Robert"
Hooks, B. J.
Hopkins, Gerald
.... liliClI adve'thi", paid '0' by ,ay W. BurMII Campaisn • Ion•• and (hut. Brink. T,UIU'.", 501 (a,oline, Hou"on. T.... 77002. 1701   ...... 
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CAMPAIGN 
183rd Criminal District Court
THE  FOLLOWING  ATTORNEYS  JOIN  WITH  AND  ENDORSE  JAY  W.  BURNETT  IN  HIS 
CANDIDACY  FOR  JUDGE  OF  THE  183RD  DISTRICT  COURT. 
House  W.B.  "Bennie" 
Howard,  Ramond 
Howell,  William 
Hudson,  Hal 
Hughes,  Frank 
Hunt,  Robert  C.  "Bob" 
Humacher,  Ralph 
Inger,  Robert 
Isbell,  Alan 
Jackson,  Thomas 
James,  Quincy 
Jard,  James 
Johnson,  Bill 
Johnson,  Charles  D. 
Johnson,  Charles  S. 
Johnson,  Morgan 
Johnson,  Travis 
Jones,  Barry  L. 
Jones,  Gene 
Jones,  Joyce 
Jones,  Robert  Alton 
Karam,  George 
Kennedy,  Yardley 
Kuehm,  Robert  C. 
Lambright,  Charles  "Tom" 
Lambright,  Don 
Lambright,  Walter 
Lamson,  Michael  A. 
Landa,  Angelica 
Lane,  Neil 
Lavine,  Jim E. 
Lawrence,  Paul 
Lee,  Jack 
Lee,  Peggy  J. 
Lee,  Steve 
Leeland,  James  H. 
Lemmon,  Ray 
Levi,  Kenneth 
Lewis,  George  L. 
Licata,  Joseph 
Licata,  Paul 
Loftus,  Harry  Jr. 
Lopez,  Blanca  E. 
LOW,  Albert 
Lucido,  Rita 
Lupton,  Bob 
Lura,  William 
Maida,  Sam  A. 
Malavis,  Nicholas 
Mallia,  Mike 
Maness,  Michael 
Manes,  Mike 
Mapes,  Mike 
Martin,  Randy 
Martin-Simon,  Elsie 
Mason,  Hattie  Sewell 
McAnnelly,  Robert  V. 
McCoy,  Barney  L. 
McGonigle,  Dick 
McGraw,  Allan  W. 
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McLaughlin,  Eugene 
McLean,  Ken 
Medina,  Frank 
Mejia,  Berta  A. 
Melamed,  Sanford 
Mendoza,  David 
Merrell,  William 
Mescall,  Stephen  J. 
Meyer,  William 
Mingarelli,  Henry  V. 
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Morrow,  Robert  A.  III 
Mueller,  Mark 
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Rosch,  William 
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Ross,  Robert 
Rothenberg,  Lawrence 
Rowland,  Roy  E. 
Royce,  Tommy  . 
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Saulsberry,  Guy  G. 
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CAMPAIGN 
183rd Criminal District Court
THE  FOLLOWING  ATTORNEYS  JOIN  WITH  AND  ENDORSE  JAY  W.  BURNETT  IN  HIS 
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Stover,  Rick 
Spradlin,  Jim 
Spurling,  Dennis 
Trigg,  Ted 
Tucker,  Gary 
Turner,  Robert 
Williams,  Connie 
Wilner,  Jeffrey 
Wilson,  Lee 
Stafford,  James 
Stoval,  Van 
Suarez,  Luis  F. 
T.  Tyson,  George  Jr. 
Uhran,  Craig  W. 
Vela,  Mark 
Woody,  Clyde  W. 
Wynegar,  Jane 
Young,  Charles  "Rick" 
Suhler,  David  Vercher,  J.  Ronald  Young,  Patsy 
Sussman,  Bob  Vestal,  Truett  Danburg,  Debra 
Tarrant,  Bob  Villarreal,  Gilbert  A.  Representative 
Thayer,  Marie 
Thas,  Albert 
Wallace,  Miller 
Walsh,  Gerry  O'Malley 
Greene,  Gene 
Senator 
Thompson,  Clarence  Warren,  Shannon  Hall,  Anthony 
Thorton,  Chester  L.  Webb,  John  L.  Councilman 
Toombs,  Helen  L. 
Trevathan,  Richard 
Wettman,  Gregory 
Wice,  Brian 
Thompson,  Senfronia 
Representative 
Trichter,  Gary  Williams,  Clyde  Washington, 
Senator 
Craig 
Whitmire,  John 
Senator 
Evans,  Larry  Q. 
Representat 
GENE  JONES,  CHUCK  BRINK,  ROBERT  PELTON,  AND  H.B.  -BENNIE- HOUSE 
CORDIALLY  INVITE  YOU 
TO  ATTEND 
A  RECBPTION 
FOR 
JAY  W.  BURNETT 
CANDIDATE  FOR  JUDGE  OF  THE  18JRD  DISTRICT  COURT 
ON  THURSDAY,  MARCH  13TH,  1986 
AT  THE  INNS  or  COURT  II 
502  CAROLINE 
HOUSTON,  TEXAS 
FROM  5130  to  'IOOP.N. 
*••*. DONATIONS  $100.00  PER  PERSON  ••• **
OR 
HOST  $500.00  SPONSOR  $250.00 
Pl•••• Contact  SANDRA  WITHROW  at  222-2943 
if  you  would  like  to  bo  liated  aa  a   
HOST  or  SPONSOR 
  -4,ttu r-A:«  ·IJl4-   /.  
Palilleal  &4'''''"''1 paid  lor by ,a, W.  "" ..IU  Campil'ft • C- Jon'" and ChlKk  .,1 ..... 1,u•..,0". SO,  r.talln•• Haullan, To... mm. (7111  IH-2HJ  ....... 
\VHAT DOES HCCl,A DO FOR THEDEFENSE BAR?
•  Referrals through our lawyer Referral Ser-
vice and through our membership dircc-
lOry.
•  HCClApublications including DOCKET
CAll.a monthly newsletter summarizing
significant decisions ofthe Texas Court of
Criminal Appeals and Texas Courts ofAp-
peals and topics oflocal interest to the
criminal defense bar.
•  Regular Monthly luncheon general
membership meetings featuring speakers
on subjects oftopical interest.
•  Provides a responsive local forum for
lawyers actively engaged in the practice
ofcriminal law.
WHAT DOES A MEMBER DO?
• Participate and exchange informationand
skill in our ClEprograms.
• Contribute to our Drief Bank Service.
• Perform agreed Pro Bono services.
Applicant:__________________
Mailing Address: _________________
Telephone:___________________
HrmName:
DateadmittedtoBar:___LawSChool________
Date, Degree from lawSChool____________
TYPE MEMBERSHIP Student
(Expected graduation date____
_ Advisory
Honorary
Regular
•  Opposes legislation and local rules wlUch
infringe on individual rights protected by
constitutional guarantees.
•  Promotes a productiveexchangeofideas
and eneourages bettercommunication
with prosecutors and the judiciary.
•  Providescontinuing legal education pro-
grams for improving advocacy skills and
knowledge.
•  Promotes a just application ofthe Court
appointed lawyer system for indigent per-
sons charged with a criminal offense.
•  Files Amicus Curiae Briefs where ap-
propriate.
• Bring to the Association's attention proper
grievances in the practice which merit
response and action.
• Sharein the commaraderieat ourmonthly
luncheons and annual social events.
• Takecalls on our Referral Service.
Professional Organizations in which your are a member in good
standing: ___________________
Haveyoueverbeendisbarredordisciplined byanybarassociation
orareyouthesubjectofdisciplinaryactionnowp e n   i n ~ g ___
For Regular MemberslUp enclose$100.00annual fee.
date signatureofapplicant
EndorsementonreversemustbesignedbyHCCLAMEMBERIN
GOODSfANDING
I, a member in goodstandingofHCCLAbelieve this applicant tobe~ ~ n of"refessionalcompetency, integrity andgood
moral character. Theapplicant is actively engaged in thedefenseofcrurunal cases.
MAIL THIS APPLICATIONTO:
HarrisCountyCriminal
signatureofmember
Lawyers Association
P.O. Box 22773
Houston, Texas77027 
713/227-2404 ENDORSEMENT 
THANK  YOU  FOR  YOUR  SUPPORT 
JUDGE  NEEL  RICHARDSON 
COUNTY  COURT  #3 
Paid  for  by  Judge  Nee!  Richardson  campaign  committee,  Randall  B.  Strong,  Treasurer. 
THANK  YOU  FOR  YOUR  CONTINUED  SUPPORT 
JUDGE  TED  POE 
228TH  DISTRICT  COURT 
A·ROSE 
BONDING  CO. 
. BAil BONDS
ALLEN NOLAND III
AGENT
JAMES E. ROSE
OWNER
JAMES R. SPRADLIN
OWNER
227·7020
24 HOUR SERVICE
506 CAROLINE. SUITE Ell
HOUSTON TEXAS 77002
r----- Educational  Programs  Scheduled ----.... 
A  SEMINAR  ON  IMMIGRATION  LAW  FOR 
DEFENSE  LAWYERS 
Addressing  the  new  State  require-
ments  that  criminal  defendants  be 
admonished  of  the  immigration  con-
sequences  of  their  plea. 
Co-sponsored  by  Harris  County 
Criminal  Lawyers  Association, 
March  13,  1986,  9:00am  to  ~ : 3 0 p m  
South  Texas  College  of  Law,  1303 
San  Jacinto,  Houston,  Texas.  For 
further  information  contact  (713) 
522-7362. 
BOARD  MEETING 
Thursday,  March  13,  1986  12:00 
noon,  Harris  County  Administration 
Building  cafeteria.  Members  are 
welcome  to  attend. 
WHITE  HOUSE  SMALL  BUSINESS  CONFERENCE 
SET  FOR  HOUSTON 
Taxation,  insurance  and  the  need  to 
"balance  the  Federal  Budget"  were 
common  topics  voiced  by  various  state 
White  House  Conferences  on  Small  Busi-
ness,  scheduled  for  Washington,  D.C., 
for  the  two  state  conferences  in  Texas 
on  March  18  and  March  22  respectively. 
Contact  Alex  J.  Cornett  at  (713)  660-
4421  for  further  information. 
LUNCHEON  MEETING 
Thursday,  March  20,  1986,  12:00  noon, 
The  Inns  of  Court,  707  Travis,  15th 
floor.  Sen.  Carl  Parker  will  speak 
on  the  "Grand  Jury  System".  Sheriff 
Johnny  Klevenhagen  and  staff  will  be 
guests.  Al  I  are  welcome  to  attend. 
Let  Us  Be Your  Printer 
We'll  Be Glad to Answer Your Questions 
Free Pick-up & Delivery 
522-6660 
10% Discount 
With This  Ad 
Quality Printing 
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LETS  MAKE A  DEAL 
Newly Remodeled Downtown Office Space 
40,000  sq. ft.  contiguous  150' SQ  11  load 
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Guard  service  and  electrontc  video  surveillance 
58.00 sq. ft.  rental  S10 00  SQ It.  bUild  oul 
allowance 
·ANDIOR·
Three  11,500.00  sq. ft.  Hoors  150' SQ It  load 
New Marble lobby guard service  - electroniC  video 
surveilance 
$10.00 per  SQ. ft.  per  floor  - $1000  build  out 
allowance 
·ANDIOR·
Executive office SUites - whOle Hoor  from 300 so  It 
up.  AI seMces
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Mixed IIoors - 500 sq. ft.  to 2500  sq. It. 
$12.00 per sq. ft.  completely  built  out 
Month to month or lease 
Cell Bill Curtis - 713-223-8592
Or Your Broker 
WANT TO KNOW THE TRUTH?
POLYGRAPH & INVESTIGATIONS
WILLIAM w. "BILL" FISHER
KELLY B. HENDRICKS
EXPERIENCED - LICENSED
BONDED - INSURED
HOUSTON 224-S892 - HUMBLE 446-7410
"WE ARE HERE TO SERVE YOUR NEEDS!"
JUDGE  MICHAEL  f1C  SPADDEN  WOULD  APPRECIATE  YOUR  SUPPORT 
FOR  HIS  RE-ELECTION  TO  THE  209TH  DISTRICT  COURT 
TO THE HARRIS COUNTY CRIrlINAL LAWYERS ASSOCIATIOll
\'JITH SHJCERE GRATITUDE FOR YOUR CONTINUED SUPPORT
AND PROFESSIONALISM.
JUDGE SHERMAN ROSS
COUNTY CRIMINAL COURT #10
Paid for by Keep Judge Ross Committee, J. Mark Miller, Treasurer.
THANK  YOU  FOR  YOUR  CorHHIUED  SlIPP[1RT 
JUDGE  SHELLY  HANCOCK 
HARRIS COUNTY CRIMINAL COURT #7
Political advertisement paid by Re-Elect Judge Shel ly Hancock
Committee, Jane Hancock, Chairperson, 13106 Lynn Haven, Cypress,
Texas 77429.