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Product Description

RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB

Issue

01

Date

2008-03-06

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. provides customers with comprehensive technical support and service.
Please feel free to contact our local office or company headquarters.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address:

Huawei Industrial Base


Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website:

http://www.huawei.com

Email:

support@huawei.com

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2008. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior
written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.

Notice
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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Contents
1 Overview............................................................................................................................6
1.1 Introduction...................................................................................................................................... 6
1.2 Products and Applications............................................................................................................... 7
1.3 Benefits........................................................................................................................................... 9
1.3.1 Fast Network Deployment and Efficient Site Utilization..........................................................9
1.3.2 Cost-Effective Capacity and Coverage Solution.....................................................................9
1.3.3 Construction of a Green Communication Network..................................................................9
1.3.4 Minimized Operation Cost..................................................................................................... 10
1.3.5 Easy Evolution to the Future Radio Network........................................................................10

2 System Architecture.......................................................................................................11
2.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................... 11
2.2 BBU3900....................................................................................................................................... 11
2.2.1 Physical Structure of the BBU3900.......................................................................................11
2.2.2 Logical Structure of the BBU3900......................................................................................... 12
2.2.3 Boards and Funtional Units of the BBU3900........................................................................13
2.2.4 Ports on the BBU3900.......................................................................................................... 14
2.3 RRU............................................................................................................................................... 16
2.3.1 RRU Type............................................................................................................................. 16
2.3.2 Physical Structure of the RRU.............................................................................................. 16
2.3.3 Logical Structure of the RRU................................................................................................ 17
2.3.4 Ports on the RRU.................................................................................................................. 18
2.4 WRFU............................................................................................................................................ 18
2.4.1 WRFU Type.......................................................................................................................... 18
2.4.2 Physical Structure of the WRFU........................................................................................... 19
2.4.3 Logical Structure of the WRFU............................................................................................. 19
2.4.4 Ports on the WRFU............................................................................................................... 20
2.5 Auxiliary Devices........................................................................................................................... 20
2.5.1 APM...................................................................................................................................... 20
2.5.2 Indoor Macro Cabinet........................................................................................................... 23
2.5.3 Outdoor RF Cabinet.............................................................................................................. 25
2.5.4 Outdoor Mini Cabinet............................................................................................................ 26

3 Products and Corresponding Application Scenarios.................................................28

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3.1 Distributed NodeB: DBS3900........................................................................................................ 28
3.1.1 Integrated Application (BBU3900 + RRU + APM).................................................................28
3.1.2 BBU3900 in a Standard 19-Inch Cabinet..............................................................................29
3.1.3 BBU3900 in an Outdoor Mini Cabinet...................................................................................30
3.2 Indoor Cabinet Macro NodeB: BTS3900.......................................................................................30
3.3 Outdoor Cabinet Macro NodeB: BTS3900A..................................................................................31
3.4 Compact Mini NodeB: BTS3900C................................................................................................. 33
3.5 Dual-Mode NodeB......................................................................................................................... 35

4 Features...........................................................................................................................36
4.1 Advanced Platform Structure......................................................................................................... 36
4.2 High Integrity and Large Capacity................................................................................................. 36
4.3 High Performance.......................................................................................................................... 37
4.4 ATM/IP Dual Stack......................................................................................................................... 37
4.4.1 ATM....................................................................................................................................... 37
4.4.2 IP.......................................................................................................................................... 37
4.5 Multiple Clock and Synchronization Modes...................................................................................38
4.6 HSDPA Services............................................................................................................................ 38
4.7 HSUPA Services............................................................................................................................ 38
4.8 MBMS............................................................................................................................................ 39
4.9 High-Velocity UE Access............................................................................................................... 39
4.10 Antenna Enhancement Technology............................................................................................. 39
4.11 Same Band Antenna Sharing....................................................................................................... 39
4.12 OM Platforms.............................................................................................................................. 40
4.13 Environment Adaptability............................................................................................................. 40
4.14 Capacity Expansion Evolution..................................................................................................... 41

5 Operation and Maintenance...........................................................................................42


5.1 Overview....................................................................................................................................... 42
5.2 OM Functions................................................................................................................................ 43
5.2.1 Security Management........................................................................................................... 43
5.2.2 Equipment Management....................................................................................................... 43
5.2.3 Fault Management................................................................................................................ 43
5.2.4 Software Management.......................................................................................................... 43
5.2.5 Performance Management................................................................................................... 44
5.2.6 Commissioning Management............................................................................................... 44
5.2.7 Environment Monitoring........................................................................................................ 44
5.2.8 License Management............................................................................................................ 44
5.2.9 Task Management................................................................................................................. 44

6 Reliability.........................................................................................................................46
6.1 Overview....................................................................................................................................... 46
6.2 System Reliability.......................................................................................................................... 46
6.3 Hardware Reliability....................................................................................................................... 47

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6.4 Software Reliability........................................................................................................................ 47

7 Technical Specifications................................................................................................49
7.1 Technical Specifications for the BTS3900.....................................................................................49
7.2 Technical Specifications for the BTS3900A...................................................................................51
7.3 Technical Specifications for the DBS3900.....................................................................................54
7.4 Technical Specifications for the BTS3900C...................................................................................57

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Overview

1.1 Introduction
With the mobile communication technology developing on a daily basis, it is no doubt
that the operators, during network construction and partner selection, will focus their
attention on innovation and integration of multiple advanced technologies for
constructing a cost-effective and future-oriented mobile network.
Upholding the idea of continuous innovation based on customer requirements,
Huawei developed the 3900 series NodeB through integration of multiple radio
resources and technologies. The 3900 series NodeBs, integrating the latest Huawei
technologies in chip design, system architecture, Power Amplification (PA) and power
consumption management, provide NodeB solutions for the future-oriented mobile
network.
During the transition of mobile networks, the 3900 series NodeBs, characterized by
integration, broadband, environment protection, evolution, will help operators
construct a future-oriented mobile network with higher performance.
The 3900 series NodeBs have a cutting-edge modular design, thus compatible with
functional modules of different network systems. With simply three types of units, the
3900 series NodeBs feature small size, high integration, low power consumption,
easy and fast deployment.
The innovative design and flexible combinations of the functional modules and
auxiliary devices lead to the diversity of NodeB products. The operators can install
boards of different network systems in one cabinet to form a NodeB that applies to
different scenarios. This accelerates the introduction of new radio network
technologies and complies with the development trend of the mobile network towards
integration of different network systems.
The 3900 series NodeBs, based on IP switch and multi-carrier technologies, support
the bandwidth of over 100 MHz. This ensures a high data transmission rate for users
during mobile data service expansion.
The optimized hardware and system architecture of the 3900 series NodeBs,
together with the innovative conservation technologies for the PA and power
consumption management, enable the operators to construct a green communication
network through new devices, temperature regulation, and green energy resource
utilization.

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1.2 Products and Applications


The 3900 series NodeBs basically comprise the following three units:

The indoor baseband processing unit BBU3900

The indoor radio frequency unit WRFU

The outdoor Remote Radio Unit (RRU)

Flexible combinations of the three units and auxiliary devices can provide different
NodeBs that apply to different scenarios such as indoor centralized installation,
outdoor centralized installation, outdoor distributed installation, site sharing of
multiple network systems. Figure 1.1 shows the three units and auxiliary devices and
Figure 1.2 shows the different application scenarios.
Figure 1.1 Units and auxiliary devices of the 3900 series NodeBs

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Figure 1.2 Application scenarios of the 3900 series NodeBs

Different combinations of the units and auxiliary devices form the following 3900
series NodeBs:

Cabinet macro NodeB


The cabinet macro NodeB, integrating the BBU3900 and the WRFU, consists of
the indoor BTS3900 and the outdoor BTS3900A. The cabinet macro NodeB

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applies to centralized installation, where the BTS3900 and the BTS3900A, as


mentioned above, are recommended for indoor application and outdoor
application respectively.

Distributed NodeB
The distributed NodeB, known as the DBS3900, consists of the BBU3900 and
the RRU. For the distributed installation, the RRU is placed close to the antenna.
This can reduce feeder loss and improve NodeB performance.

Compact mini NodeB


The compact mini NodeB BTS3900C is applicable to both indoor and outdoor
environments. It can be installed on the pole, wall, or ground. When it is installed
on the ground, a stand or other kind of support is required.

1.3 Benefits
The 3900 series NodeBs adopt a uniform modular design for multiple radio network
systems, thus adaptive to various installation scenarios. This greatly reduces the
costs in network deployment and operations, such as site acquisition, capacity and
coverage expansion, and environment protection. The 3900 series NodeBs enable
the construction of a future-oriented network and smooth evolution to the Long Term
Evolution (LTE).

1.3.1 Fast Network Deployment and Efficient Site Utilization


The 3900 series NodeBs support both centralized and distributed installations, which
simplifies network deployment and facilitates cost-effective network constructions in
different scenarios.
The BBU3900 can be installed in a 2-U-high and 19-inch-wide indoor space or a
protective outdoor cabinet while the RRU can be installed close to the antenna and
has no footprint.
The cabinet macro NodeB is one of the most compact NodeBs of the
telecommunication industry, because it has a very small footprint. The footprint of the
BTS3900 is 600 mm x 450 mm while that of the BTS3900A is 600 mm x 480 mm.

1.3.2 Cost-Effective Capacity and Coverage Solution


The 4-carrier RRU3804 can generate 60 W power, which is the highest output power
of the Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) RRU in the
telecommunication industry. This outstanding performance ensures wider coverage,
higher throughput, and smaller quantity of sites.
The RRU3804 can stay close to the antenna and communicate with the BBU3900
through optical cables, thus avoiding feeder loss. With the same power and system
capacity, lower feeder loss denotes wider system coverage or smaller quantity of
sites under the fixed coverage.

1.3.3 Construction of a Green Communication Network


Compact and modular design, innovative PA and power consumption management
are the keys to a green communication network that features energy conservation
and requires less equipment rooms.

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RF units of the 3900 series NodeBs adopt the Digital Pre-Distortion (DPD) and ADoherty technologies to raise the PA rate to 40%. Thus, the power consumption of
the entire NodeB is lowered.
The RF cabinet of the BTS3900A is a direct-ventilation cabinet. In comparison to the
traditional macro NodeB, equipment power consumption is lowered by 40%.
The reduced power consumption not only avoids extra electricity expense but also
lessens the investment in power supply, backup batteries, air conditioner, and heat
exchanger.

1.3.4 Minimized Operation Cost


The baseband units, RF units, and power systems of the BTS3900 and DBS3900 fit
all NodeB site types, thereby saving the logistics cost during manufacturing and
transportation and the future maintenance cost.
The 3900 series NodeBs are characterized by separate baseband and RF units,
compact design, and distributed installation. All these features facilitate the
transportation and installation and make network constructions less complicated and
less expensive. For example, special tools such as a crane are dispensable.
The RRU works in natural heat dissipation and has no fans. Its high reliability
reduces the routine maintenance cost.

1.3.5 Easy Evolution to the Future Radio Network


The uniform modular design of the3900 series NodeBs enables the GSM BTS and
UMTS NodeB to share the same cabinet. This facilitates the evolution to the future
radio network and introduction of new radio technologies.
The WCDMA RF unit supports HSPA+ and smooth evolution to the LTE. This realizes
the future-oriented network investment.

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System Architecture

2.1 Introduction
The 3900 series NodeBs feature modular design. The baseband processing unit
BBU3900 and the RF unit (RRU and WRFU) that are connected through the
Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI) optical cable provide solutions for the
WCDMA network construction.
The 3900 series NodeBs basically comprise three units, the baseband processing
unit BBU3900, the indoor RF unit WRFU, and the outdoor RRU. Auxiliary devices for
the 3900 series NodeBs include the APM, indoor macro cabinet, outdoor RF cabinet,
and outdoor mini cabinet. Flexible combinations of the three units and auxiliary
devices can provide comprehensive NodeB site solutions that apply to different
scenarios.

2.2 BBU3900
2.2.1 Physical Structure of the BBU3900
The BBU3900, with a box structure, is 19 inches in width and 2 U in height. It can be
installed in an indoor 19-inch-wide and 2-U-high space or an outdoor protective
cabinet. Figure 1.1 shows the physical structure of the BBU3900.
Figure 1.1 Physical structure of the BBU3900

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The 2-U-high space of the BBU3900 integrates the functions such as main control,
baseband processing, and transmission. The BBU3900 supports multiple
configurations, ranging from 1x1 to 6x4 and the configuration of 3x8.

2.2.2 Logical Structure of the BBU3900


The BBU3900 has a modular design. According to the function of each module, it can
be divided into the following subsystems:

Transport subsystem

Baseband subsystem

Control subsystem

Power monitoring module

Figure 1.1 shows the logical structure of the BBU3900.


Figure 1.1 Logical structure of the BBU3900

Transport Subsystem
The transport subsystem provides ports to exchange information between the BBU
and the Radio Network Controller (RNC).
In addition, the transport subsystem provides maintenance channels between the
BBU and the Operation and Maintenance Centre (OMC), that is, the Local
Maintenance Terminal (LMT) or M2000 for BBU Operation and Maintenance (OM).

Baseband Subsystem
The baseband subsystem processes both Uplink (UL) and Downlink (DL) baseband
signals. The functions of the subsystem are performed by the following modules:

UL baseband signal processing module

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The UL baseband signal processing module consists of the demodulation unit


and the decoding unit. In this module, uplink baseband signals are processed

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into despreading soft decision symbols after access channel searching,


access channel demodulation, and dedicated channel demodulation. The
signals are then sent to the RNC through the transport subsystem after
decoding and FP processing.

DL baseband signal processing module

The DL baseband signal processing module consists of the modulation unit


and the coding unit. Before sending signals received from the transport
subsystem to the optical module, the module sends service data received
from the transport subsystem to the Frame Protocol (FP) processor. After FP
processing, the module processes the signals through transmission channel
mapping, physical channel generating, framing, spreading, demodulating,
transmit diversity control, and power control combination. The module finally
sends the processed signals to the interface module.

The CPRI module is integrated in the baseband subsystem of the BBU3900.

Control Subsystem
The control subsystem manages the entire distributed NodeB. The subsystem
performs OM, processes signaling, and provides system clocks.
The OM module performs functions such as equipment management, configuration
management, alarm management, software management, and commissioning
management.
The signaling processor performs functions such as the NodeB Application Part
(NBAP) signaling processing, the Access Link Control Application Part (ALCAP)
processing, the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) processing, and the
logical resource management.
The clock sources of the NodeB consist of the phase-locked line clock extracted from
the Iub interface, the Global Positioning System (GPS) clock, and the external clock
such as the Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) clock. The BBU extracts the
clock from the Iub interface and provides the clock for the entire NodeB after
frequency dividing, phase locking, and phase adjusting in the clock module.

Power Monitoring Module


The power monitoring module converts the 48 V DC power to suitable power for the
boards. In addition, it provides the monitoring signal input port.

2.2.3 Boards and Funtional Units of the BBU3900


The BBU3900 consists of different functional units and boards such as the WCDMA
Main Processing & Transmission (WMPT) unit, the Universal Environment Interface
Card (UEIC), the Universal Fan module (UFAN), the Universal Power and
Environment interface Unit (UPEU), as shown in Figure 1.1. The boards support
plug-and-play functions and can be configured as required.
Optional boards of the BBU3900 consist of the Universal E1/T1 Lightning Protection
(UELP) unit, the Universal FE Lightning Protection (UFLP) unit, the Universal
Satellite card and Clock Unit (USCU), the Universal TRansmission Processing
(UTRP) unit, and the Universal Environment Interface Unit (UEIU).

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Figure 1.1 Boards of the BBU3900

WMPT
The WMPT is mandatory for the BBU3900 and one BBU3900 holds up to two
WMPTs for redundancy. The WMPT functions as follows:

Processes clock signals and provides reference clock for the NodeB

Provides OM management for the NodeB

Provides 4 E1/T1 ports, one electric Fast Ethernet (FE) port, and one optical
FE port to support the Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) and Internet
Protocol (IP).

Provides one USB port to download and activate the host software

Processes signaling and manages resources

WBBP
The WBBP is mandatory for the BBU3900 and one BBU3900 holds up to six
WBBPs. According to processing capability, the WBBP can be categorized into
seven types and functions as follows:

Processes signals on the CPRI interface between the BBU and the RRU

Processes baseband signals in the UL and DL

Supports High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) and High Speed
Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)

Supports CPRI ports in 1+1 redundancy

UFAN
The UFAN is used to control the fan speed and monitors the working
temperature for the fan.

UPEU
The UPEU is the power supply unit and one BBU3900 can be configured with up
to two UPEUs that work in 1+1 backup mode. The UPEU functions as follows:

Converts the 48 V DC power into the power required by the boards

Provides two RS485 monitoring ports

Provides 8 dry contact alarm ports

2.2.4 Ports on the BBU3900


Figure 1.1 Ports on BBU3900 boards
Board

Port

Quanti
ty

Connector

Remarks

WMPT

E1/T1 port

DB26

One port has four


E1 inputs.

FE electrical port

RJ45

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Board

Port

Quanti
ty

Connector

Remarks

FE optical port

SFP

USB loading port

USB

Software loading

USB test port

USB

Test port

Serial port for


commissioning

RJ45

Local maintenance
for the NodeB

GPS port

SMA

WBBP

CPRI

SFP

UPEU

PWR

3W3

48 V DC power
input and +24 V
DC power input

MON0

RJ45

MON1

RJ45

Provides two
RS485 monitoring
signal inputs and
connects to the
external alarm
device

EXT-ALM0

RJ45

EXT-ALM1

RJ45

EXT-ALM2

RJ45

Provides eight dry


contact alarm
inputs and
connects to the
external alarm
device

Figure 1.2 Physical ports on optional boards of the BBU3900


Board

Port

Quanti
ty

Connect
or

Remarks

UELP

INSIDE

DB25

Four E1/T1 signal input ports

OUTSIDE

DB25

Four E1/T1 signal output ports

FE0 and FE1


(INSIDE)

RJ45

Connects to the NodeB

FE0 and FE1


(OUTSIDE)

RJ45

Connects to the external


devices. The FE0 (OUTSIDE)
connects to FE0 (INSIDE) and
the FE1 (OUTSIDE) connects
to the FE1 (INSIDE).

RGPS port

DB8

Connects to the RGPS signal


cable

BITS port

SMA

Connects to the BITS clock

UFLP

USCU

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Board

Port

Quanti
ty

Connect
or

Remarks

Clock test port

SMA

Port for testing clock signal


output

Antenna port
for the
satellite card

SMA

RF signal input terminal of the


satellite card

UTRP

E1/T1 port

DB26

Provides eight ports that


support ATM over E1 or IP
over E1

UEIU

MON

RJ45

MON1

RJ45

Connects to the external


monitoring device

EXT-ALM0

RJ45

EXT-ALM1

RJ45

Connects to the external alarm


device

Specifications: The UEIU is a monitoring and dry contact extension


board for the UPEU.

2.3 RRU
2.3.1 RRU Type
According to different processing capabilities, the RRU is of two types: the RRU3804
and the RRU3801E.The RRU3804 and the RRU3801E have the same physical
structure, size, weight, ports, and logical structure, but differ in specifications.
Figure 1.1 RRU type
RRU Type

RRU3804

RRU3801E

Maximum output power

60 W

40 W

Number of carriers supported

Four

Two

2.3.2 Physical Structure of the RRU


The RRU can be installed outdoors close to the antenna. Figure 1.1 shows the
physical structure of the RRU.

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Figure 1.1 Physical structure of the RRU

2.3.3 Logical Structure of the RRU


The RRU supports 4-way receive diversity through connection with the SRXU. The
SRXU receives RF signals from the antenna system, down-converts the receive
signals to Intermediate Frequency (IF) signals after amplification, analog-to-digital
conversion, digital down-conversion, matched filtering, and Digital Automatic Gain
Control (DAGC). Figure 1.1 shows the logical structure of the RRU.
Figure 1.1 Logical structure of the RRU

Interface module
The interface module receives downlink baseband data from the BBU, transmits
uplink baseband data to the BBU, and forwards data from the cascaded RRUs.

TRX
The TRX has two RX channels and one TX channel for RF signals.
The RX channel down-converts the receive signals into Intermediate Frequency
(IF) signals and performs amplification, analog-to-digital (A/D) conversion, digital
down-conversion, matched filtering, and DAGC.

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The TX channel performs shape filtering of downlink spreading signals, digitalto-analog (D/A) conversion, and up-conversion of RF signals into transmit band
signals.

PA
The PA implements the DPD and A-Doherty technologies to amplify low-power
RF signals from the TRX.

Duplexer
The duplexer multiplexes receive signals and transmit signals, which enables the
receive signals and transmit signals to share the same antenna path. The
duplexer also filters receive signals and transmit signals.

LNA
The LNA amplifies the signals received from antennas.

2.3.4 Ports on the RRU


The RRU has a modular structure. The external ports of the RRU are located at the
bottom of the module and in the cabling cavity. Ports on the RRU include grounding
ports, power supply ports, transmission ports, alarm ports, and other ports.
Figure 1.1 Ports on the RRU
Port

Connector

Quantity

Remarks

48 V DC power supply
port

OT terminal

Power port

Optical port

ESFP socket

Optical port

Two dry contact alarm


ports and one RS485
port

DB15

Alarm port

Main TX/RX port

DIN, round, and


waterproof

RX diversity port

DIN, round, and


waterproof

Port for interconnection

2W2

RF port

2.4 WRFU
2.4.1 WRFU Type
According to different processing capabilities, the WCDMA Radio Filter Unit (WRFU)
is of two types, the 40 W WRFU and the 80 W WRFU. The two types of WRFU have
the same physical structure, size, weight, ports, and logical structure, but differ in
specifications.

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Figure 1.1 Specifications of the WRFU


WRFU Type

80 W WRFU

40 W WRFU

Maximum output power

80 W

40 W

Number of carriers supported

Four

Two

2.4.2 Physical Structure of the WRFU


The 80 W WRFU supports four carriers and applies to the indoor cabinet or outdoor
protective cabinet. Figure 1.1 shows the physical structure of the WRFU.
Figure 1.1 Physical structure of the WRFU

2.4.3 Logical Structure of the WRFU


Figure 1.1 Logical structure of the WRFU

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Interface module
The interface module receives downlink baseband data from the BBU, transmits
uplink baseband data to the BBU, and forwards data from the cascaded RRUs.

TRX
The TRX has two RX channels and one TX channel for RF signals.
The RX channel down-converts the received signals into Intermediate
Frequency (IF) signals and performs amplification, analog-to-digital (A/D)
conversion, digital down-conversion, matched filtering, and Digital Automatic
Gain Control (DAGC).
The TX channel performs shape filtering of downlink spreading signals, digitalto-analog (D/A) conversion, and up-conversion of RF signals into transmit band.

PA
The PA implements the DPD and A-Doherty technologies to amplify low-power
RF signals from the TRX.

Duplexer
The duplexer multiplexes receive signals and transmit signals, which enables the
receive signals and transmit signals to share the same antenna path. The
duplexer also filters receive signals and transmit signals.

LNA
The LNA amplifies the signals received from antennas.

2.4.4 Ports on the WRFU


Figure 1.1 Ports on the WRFU
Port

Lable

Connector Type

Description

Port for
transceiving RF
signals

ANT-RXD

Connecting the antenna


subsystem

CPRI

CPRI_W

N series female
connector
N series female
connector
SFP female
connector

ANT-TX/RXM

CPRI_E
Interconnection
port for RF
receive signals

LNA1-IN

SFP female
connector
QMA female
connector

LNA0-OUT

QMA female
connector

Power port

POWER

Commissioning
port

COM

3V3 power
connector
RJ45 connector

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Connecting the BBU, or the


upper-level WRFU during
the cascading
Connecting the lower-level
WRFU during the cascading
Input port of diversity
signals in the antenna
channel
Output port of diversity
signals in the antenna
channel
Introducing power
Used for commissioning

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2.5 Auxiliary Devices


2.5.1 APM
The Advanced Power Module (APM) provides 48 V DC power and backup batteries
for the distributed NodeBs, outdoor macro NodeBs, and mini NodeBs. In addition, it
provides space for installation of the BBU3900 and user equipment to realize fast
network deployment. The APM is of two types, APM30 and APM100.
The APM consists of the Power Supply Unit (PSU), Power Monitoring Unit (PMU),
Power Distribution Unit (PDU), Surge Protection Unit (SPU), temperature control unit,
and batteries. The APM cabinet provides space for installation of the user equipment
and performs the following functions:

DC power supply

Battery management

Monitoring and communication of the power supply system

Power distribution

Lightning protection

Temperature control

Backup power

Transmission equipment installation

The APM30 features compact design and light weight. It can be installed on a pole or
on the ground. The 12 Ah, 24 Ah, or 36 Ah batteries can be configured in the APM30.
The APM100 can be installed on the ground. The 50 Ah or 100 Ah batteries can be
configured in the APM100.
Figure 1.1 and Figure 1.2 show the internal structures of the APM30 and APM100
respectively.
Figure 1.1 Internal structure of the APM30

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Figure 1.2 Internal structure of the APM100

Figure 1.3 Technical specifications of the APM


Item
Engineering
specifications

AC input

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APM30 Specification

APM100
Specification

Dimensions
(Width x
Height x
Depth) (the
base
excluded)

600 mm 700 mm 480 mm

600 mm x 1130
mm x 600 mm

Weight
(batteries
and user
transmissio
n
equipment
excluded)

< 65 kg

88 kg

Working
temperatur
e

40C to 45C (with1120 W/m2 solar radiation)

Input
voltage

Input voltage range200V AC240V AC

Typical input voltage176V AC290V AC

40C to 50C (without solar radiation)


The AC heat exchanger is required in the
environment of 20C.

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Item

DC output

APM30 Specification

APM100
Specification

Frequency
of input
voltage

45 Hz to 65 Hz

Output
voltage

58 V DC to 44 V DC

DC outputs

For DBS3900:

16 A x 4: 4

20 A x 6

32 A x 2: 2

12 A x 2, 4 A x 2
For BTS3900A:
30 A x 4
12 A x 2, 4 A x 4
Battery

48 V 24 Ah

92Ah

Space for
user
equipment

With 24 Ah built-in batteries:5


U

4U

No built-in batteries: 7U

2.5.2 Indoor Macro Cabinet


The indoor macro cabinet features small footprint, compact design, and stack
installation, thus catering to indoor centralized installation and fast network
construction. It performs power distribution and surge protection functions for the
BBU3900 and WRFUs. An indoor macro cabinet accommodates up to six WRFUs.
The BTS3900 enables GSM, UMTS, and LTE modules to share one indoor macro
cabinet, which saves installation space and facilitates smooth evolution.
The indoor macro cabinet supports 48 V DC power. If configured with suitable
power modules, it can also support 24 V DC or 220 V AC power.
Figure 1.1 and Figure 1.2 show the single indoor cabinet and the two stacked indoor
cabinets respectively.

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Figure 1.1 Single indoor cabinet

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Figure 1.2 Two stacked indoor cabinets

2.5.3 Outdoor RF Cabinet


The outdoor RF cabinet, with the APM30 cabinet stacked on it, serves the power
distribution, surge protection, and other protection for the WRFU and the
BBU3900.The outdoor RF cabinet works in direct ventilation to dissipate heat. It can
hold three WRFUs together with batteries, as shown in Figure 1.1. It can also hold up
to six WRFUs, as shown in Figure 1.2.
The BTS3900A enables GSM, WCDMA, and LTE modules to share one outdoor RF
cabinet, which saves space and facilitates smooth evolution.

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Figure 1.1 Outdoor RF cabinet with three WRFUs and the batteries

Figure 1.2 Outdoor RF cabinet with six WRFUs

2.5.4 Outdoor Mini Cabinet


The outdoor mini cabinet provides functions such as power distribution and surge
protection for the BBU3900.The BBU3900 can be placed in an outdoor mini cabinet
to form an outdoor BBU. This fulfills the outdoor application scenario of the compact
mini NodeB.
The outdoor mini cabinet is configured with a built-in heat exchanger. If the AC power
is used, the mini cabinet must be configured with an EPS30-4815A and an SPD
(AC). If the DC power is used, the mini cabinet must be configured with a DC power
distribution box, as shown in Figure 1.1.

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Figure 1.1 Internal structure of the outdoor mini cabinet

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Products and Corresponding


Application Scenarios

3.1 Distributed NodeB: DBS3900


With the continuous network capacity expansion, site selection has become a
bottleneck during network construction. Solutions to this problem, such as the 2G/3G
co-siting or site reselection, become increasingly difficult to implement and require
more cost.
The DBS3900 typifies the compact design, easy installation, and low power
consumption. In addition, it can reside in the spare space of an existing 2G site. The
RRU also has a compact design and light weight. It can be installed close to the
antenna to decrease cable loss and improve system coverage. All the previously
mentioned features of the distributed NodeB facilitate the site selection, network
planning and optimization. This enables the operators to efficiently deploy a highperformance network with a low Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) because less
manpower, electric power, and space are required during network construction.
The distributed NodeB has multiple configurations to meet the requirement of quick
network construction in different scenarios.

3.1.1 Integrated Application (BBU3900 + RRU + APM)


If only the AC power is available at a newly built 3G site and power backup is
required, the configuration of BBU3900 + RRU + APM can be applied to perform the
function of the outdoor macro NodeB. Figure 1.1 shows the typical configuration of
BBU3900 + RRU + APM. This configuration has the following features:

The BBU3900 can be placed in the APM and the RRU can be installed on the
metal pole and close to the antenna.

Extra space is reserved in the APM for the BBU3900 installation. In addition, the
APM provides functions such as battery power backup, AC/DC conversion,
power distribution, and surge protection.

The APM30 can be configured with 12 Ah, 24 Ah, or 36 Ah built-in batteries and
the APM100 can be configured with 50 Ah or 100 Ah built-in batteries. Whether
the APM30 or the APM100 should be used depends on the required power
backup period.

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Figure 1.1 Typical configuration of BBU3900 + RRU + APM

3.1.2 BBU3900 in a Standard 19-Inch Cabinet


For the scenario of 2G/3G co-siting, the BBU3900 can reside in any standard 19inch-wide and 2-U-high cabinet and the RRU can be installed on the metal pole and
close to the antenna, as shown in Figure 1.1. In addition, the BBU3900 and RRU can
share the power supply and antenna systems of the 2G network, which enables
operators to launch 3G services on the existent 2G network at a very low cost.
Figure 1.1 BBU3900 in a standard 19-inch cabinet

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3.1.3 BBU3900 in an Outdoor Mini Cabinet


In the scenario of 2G/3G co-siting, if no indoor space is available for the BBU3900, it
can reside in the spare space of an outdoor cabinet to form an outdoor BBU. The
RRU can be installed on the metal pole close to the antenna for quick deployment, as
shown in Figure 1.1.
Figure 1.1 BBU3900 in an outdoor mini cabinet

3.2 Indoor Cabinet Macro NodeB: BTS3900


The BTS3900 is applicable to the indoor scenarios such as centralized installation
and relocation of the macro NodeB, as shown in Figure 1.1.
The BTS3900, as one of the most compact indoor macro NodeBs in the
telecommunication industry, boasts large and expandable capacity. It is light, and
supportive of the GSM-WCDMA dual-mode application.

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Figure 1.1 Indoor cabinet macro NodeB

3.3 Outdoor Cabinet Macro NodeB: BTS3900A


The BTS3900A consists of two stackable cabinets, namely, the APM30 cabinet and
the outdoor RF cabinet. The BBU3900 is placed in the APM30 cabinet. Thus, the
BTS3900A is applicable to the outdoor scenarios such as centralized installation or
relocation of the outdoor macro NodeB with its different configurations, as shown in
Figure 1.1 and Figure 1.2.
The BTS3900A, one of the most compact outdoor cabinet macro NodeBs in the
telecom industry, boasts light weight and easy transportation due to its stackable
design.

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Figure 1.1 Outdoor cabinet macro NodeB (with three WRFUs)

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Figure 1.2 Outdoor cabinet macro NodeB (with six WRFUs)

3.4 Compact Mini NodeB: BTS3900C


The BTS3900C applies to the new outdoor 3G sites where no equipment room
exists, hot spots, marginal networks, and blind spots such as tunnels.
The BTS3900C supports the 220 V AC power and the 48 V DC power. If the 220 V
AC power is used, the mini cabinet must be configured with an EPS30-4815A and an
SPD (AC). If the 48 V DC power is used, the mini cabinet must be configured with a
DC power distribution box.
The BTS3900C can be installed on the pole, on the wall, or on the ground. When it is
installed on the ground, a stand or a support must be used.

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Figure 1.1 Compact mini NodeB with DC power

Figure 1.2 Compact mini NodeB with AC power

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3.5 Dual-Mode NodeB


The 3900 series NodeBs share one platform and have modular design. The GSM
BTS, WCDMA and LTE NodeBs, with similar baseband and RF units, are assembled
in one cabinet. Even mixed insertion is supported. This realizes the smooth evolution
from GSM to WCDMA.
Baseband processing boards of different network systems can be installed in the
same BBU3900 cabinet. That is, the GSM-only, WCDMA-only, and GSM-UMTS dual
modes can be supported through different board configurations. In the future, the
BBU3900 also supports the multi-mode of GSM, UMTS, and LTE through addition of
LTE baseband processing boards.
RF units of the GSM and WCDMA systems can be installed in the same RRU
cabinet. That is, the GSM-only, WCDMA-only, or GSM-UMTS dual modes can be
supported through different module configurations.
The RF unit of the UMTS is LTE ready in hardware. The dual-mode of UMTS and
LTE can be realized by upgrading NodeB software in the same frequency band.
Figure 1.1 and Figure 1.2 show the indoor and outdoor application of the multi-mode
NodeB respectively.
Figure 1.1 Indoor application of the multi-mode NodeB

Figure 1.2 Outdoor application of the multi-mode NodeB

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Features

4.1 Advanced Platform Structure


The advanced platform structure of the 3900 series NodeBs is described as follows:

The 3900 series NodeBs that adopt the Huawei platform based on IP switch,
support the GSM-WCDMA dual-mode cabinet, HSPA+, and smooth evolution to
LTE.

The 3900 series NodeBs introduce the module-sharing concept, that is, the
distributed NodeB, cabinet macro NodeB, and compact mini NodeB share all
baseband and RF modules. The three module types form different NodeB
products and apply to different scenarios. This concept protects investment in
equipment and maintenance.

The dual-star GE IP switch technology enables exchange of large amount of


internal data and satisfies more data traffic needs for HSPA+ and LTE in the
future.

The hot-swappable BBU3900 provides eight slots and supports smooth capacity
expansion and evolution.

The combination of duplexer and TRU in the RF module enhances the integrity
of RF parts and meets the future requirements of the minimized, high-efficiency,
and low-cost NodeBs.

A minimized NodeB cabinet is easy to carry and install, and the stacked NodeB
cabinets take up a small footprint.

4.2 High Integrity and Large Capacity


The 3900 series NodeBs are highly integrated and large in capacity:

The BBU3900 contains highly integrated chips and features large capacity. A
single BBU3900 supports 24 cells, with 1,536 UL CEs and 1,536 DL CEs. It also
supports HSDPA and HSUPA services.

A single RRU3804 or WRFU supports the 4-carrier configuration. When the


NodeB evolves from 1x1 to 1x4 or from 3x1 to 3x4, no extra RRU or WRFU is
required.

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4.3 High Performance


The high performance of the 3900 series NodeBs are described as follows:

The 3900 series NodeBs feature high receiver sensitivity. The 2-way receiver
sensitivity is higher than 129.3 dBm without the Tower Amplification (TMA).

The WRFU supports 80 W output power and the RRU3804 supports 60 W


output power, which means that the PAs of the 3900 series NodeBs increase by
40%.

The 3900 series NodeBs support open-loop TX diversity and closed-loop TX


diversity to enhance downlink coverage and capacity.

A single RRU3804 (with an SRXU) supports 4-way RX diversity to enhance


uplink demodulation.

4.4 ATM/IP Dual Stack


4.4.1 ATM
In ATM transmission, the 3900 series NodeBs support the following modes:

User-Network Interface (UNI) mode when transmission resources are


inadequate and traffic is low.

Inverse Multiplexing on ATM (IMA) mode when there are rich transmission
resources. This mode features high reliability, high-speed transmission, and low
latency.

Fractional ATM

4.4.2 IP
The IP transmission, based on IPs, supports the transmission of various data
services on low-rate links. In this mode, the IP transmission resources are fully
utilized and operators' investment is greatly reduced.
In IP transmission, the 3900 series NodeBs support the following technologies:

Native IP transmission that requires no additional hardware. Compared with the


PWE3 technology, Native IP is more efficient, cost-effective, and independent of
PWE3 external devices

IP over E1, to fully utilize the E1 resources of the existing network and to offer a
complete solution of IP transmission

Fractional Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)

ATM and IP dual stack, to protect operators' early investment in ATM


transmission

Compression multiplexing technology, namely the multiplexing of PPP header


compression, PPPMUX, and IPHC, to raise the transmission rate over E1 ports.
With the technology of IPHC + PPP compression + PPPMUX, the E1
transmission rate of the 12.2 kbit/s voice service rises by up to 37%

FP Multiplex (MUX), to reduce the number of Medium Access Control (MAC)


headers by multiplexing packets and to raise the transmission rate over FE

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ports. With this technology, the FE transmission rate of the 12.2 kbit/s voice
service rises by up to 40%

Hybrid transmission, which enables services to meet different QoS requirements


and then to allocate different transmission paths. For example, hybrid
transmission enables real-time services to travel on electrical ports, such as
E1/T1 ports, and non-real-time services to travel on Ethernet ports

4.5 Multiple Clock and Synchronization Modes


The 3900 series NodeBs support multiple clock and synchronization modes to fulfill
different clock networking requirements:

The upper-level clock extracts clock from the Iub interface and is set by default.

The 3900 series NodeBs adopt the GPS to achieve clock synchronization.

The external clock synchronization refers to the Building Integrated Timing


Supply System (BITS) clock and the 2 MHz clock on the transmission
equipment.

Without additional hardware, software upgrade supports the IP clock. The IP


transmission provides a high-performance and low-cost clock solution.

The internal clock, an internal stratum-3 clock, ensures that the NodeB without
external clock still works properly for at least 90 days.

4.6 HSDPA Services


The 3900 series NodeBs support HSDPA services in the following aspects:

One carrier supports both HSDPA and R99/R4 services.

The peak downlink rate of a single UE is up to 14.4 Mbit/s.

A single cell supports up to 15 HS-PDSCH codes and dynamic code resource


allocation.

The 3900 series NodeBs support all 12 UE categories and rates.

A single cell supports 64 HSDPA subscribers.

The 3900 series NodeBs support dynamic power allocation.

The 3900 series NodeBs support QPSK and 16QAM to enhance spectrum
utilization.

4.7 HSUPA Services


The 3900 series NodeBs support HSUPA services in the following aspects:

One carrier supports both HSUPA and R99/R4 services.

The 3900 series NodeBs support E-DCH TTI of 10 ms and 2 ms.

The peak uplink data rate of an HSUPA subscriber is up to 5.76 Mbit/s.

A single cell supports 60 HSUPA subscribers.

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The 3900 series NodeBs support 2 ms Received Total Wideband Power (RTWP)
fast measurement to enhance the reliability of uplink load.

4.8 MBMS
The 3900 series NodeBs support the Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service
(MBMS) in the following aspects:

The 3900 series NodeBs support the setup, reallocation, and deletion of the
MBMS notification Indicator Channel (MICH), and handles related signaling
configuration.

Each cell supports 16 Secondary Common Control Physical Channels


(SCCPCHs).

Each SCCPCH supports 4 Forward Access CHannels (FACHs).

Each cell supports 63 MBMS channels.

4.9 High-Velocity UE Access


The 3900 series NodeBs support a moving speed of up to 400 km/h. With this
feature, UEs on high-speed vehicles, such as express railways and maglev trains,
can still communicate properly.

4.10 Antenna Enhancement Technology


The antenna enhancement technology enables the 3900 series NodeBs to perform
the following functions:

Supporting the RET antenna to optimize network coverage, reduce interference,


and enlarge system capacity

Supporting remote batch OM, batch software upgrade, and batch RET tilt
adjustment

Supporting automatic scanning of the RET antenna.

Supporting the Antenna Interface Standard Group (AISG) 1.1 and AISG 2.0
standard interfaces

Supporting the cascading of RET antennas and controls the tilt of the 2G RET
antenna through the 3G site.

4.11 Same Band Antenna Sharing


To implement the same band antenna sharing with low insertion loss, the Same-band
Antenna Sharing Unit (SASU) and Same-band Antenna Sharing Adapter (SASA) are
introduced to reduce costs of network deployment.
The SASU applies to two scenarios, namely the antenna shared by 2G and 3G
systems and the antenna shared by two 3G systems. The SASU that enables two
different systems at the same band to share one antenna system is an important part

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of the same band antenna sharing solution. It can greatly reduce the cost and time of
the 3G network construction.
The SASU supports 900 MHz and 2100 MHz frequency bands.
The SASA is also an important part of the same band antenna sharing solution. It will
cause an insertion loss of 0.8 dB in the downlink, but it can integrate transmit carriers
from two antennas into one antenna, without affecting GSM network performance.

4.12 OM Platforms
The 3900 series NodeBs support two OM platforms, namely the LMT and the M2000,
with which the 3900 series NodeBs perform the following OM functions:

Supporting local maintenance, remote maintenance, and reverse maintenance

Supporting Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP) and Dynamic Host Configuration


Protocol (DHCP) when data is not configured or the NodeB is faulty, the NodeB
automatically sets up an OM channel to enhance system reliability and to
perform remote troubleshooting

Supporting configuration baseline and simplifies the configuration rollback


process to roll back configuration more reliably

Providing the intelligent out-of-service function. Before the NodeB is out of


service, the UE is handed over to another 2G or 3G cell when the NodeB
gradually reduces the cell pilot power. Such a handover prevents service
interruption

Providing the topology scanning of RRU networking and automatically monitors


the topology to free manual operations

Providing the complete system self-testing function to support local software


commissioning

4.13 Environment Adaptability


The 3900 series NodeBs provide a comprehensive solution applicable to different
environments.

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The 3900 series NodeBs fulfill the following outdoor environmental conditions:

Waterproof and dustproof design of the RRU complies with the International
Protection (IP) 65 standard. The RRU provides class-1 protection against
damp, mould, and salt mist. The rack for RRUs can prevent them from
exposure to solar radiation and adverse environments. The RRU works
normally in the solar radiation of 1,120 W/m2 with the temperature ranging
from 40C to +50C.

The waterproof and dustproof design of the BTS3900A complies with the
IP55 standard. The BTS3900A provides class-1 protection against damp,
mould, and salt mist. The BTS3900A cabinet can resist solar radiation and
adverse environments. The BTS3900A works normally in the solar radiation
of 1,120 W/m2 with the temperature ranging from 40C to +50C.

The BTS3900C complies with the IP55 standard in terms of protection


against water and dust, and class-1 standards regarding protection against
damp, mould, and salt mist. The BTS3900C works normally in the

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temperature ranging from 40C to +45C with the solar radiation of 1,120
W/m2 and the temperature ranging from -40C to +50C without solar
radiation.

The 3900 series NodeBs fulfill the indoor environmental conditions when they
comply with the IP20 standard. The BBU3900 works normally within the
temperature ranging from 20C to +55C and the BTS3900 works normally
within the temperature ranging from 20C to +50C.

The 3900 series NodeBs also provide a comprehensive auxiliary product


solution regarding the following aspects:

Power distribution

Surge protection

Transmission cables

Transmission equipment installation

Power backup

4.14 Capacity Expansion Evolution


Based on the Huawei IP switch platform, the 3900 series NodeBs support the GSMWCDMA dual-mode cabinet. In addition, the 3900 series NodeBs are HSPA+ ready
in hardware. This facilitates smooth evolution the LTE.

The BBU supports HSPA+ Phase 1 (downlink 64QAM and MIMO 2x2).

The BBU supports HSPA+ Phase 2 (uplink 16QAM) by adding baseband


processing boards.

The BBU supports LTE by adding baseband processing boards.

The RRU and WRFU have ready hardware for the HSPA+ and LTE.

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Operation and Maintenance

5.1 Overview
Based on the Man Machine Language (MML) and Graphic User Interface (GUI), the
3900 series NodeBs provide a universal OM mechanism irrelevant to hardware and
take into consideration customers' requirements for equipment operation and
maintenance. In one word, they offer highly customized and powerful OM functions.
Figure 1.1 shows the OM systems of the 3900 series NodeBs.
Figure 1.1 OM systems of the 3900 series NodeBs

M2000: Huawei Mobile Element Management System


LMT: Local Maintenance Terminal
NodeB: UMTS Base Transceiver Station
RNC: Radio Network Controller

The LMT and M2000 are two OM systems that implement comprehensive
maintenance for the 3900 series NodeBs.

LMT
One LMT is used to maintain one NodeB. The LMT supports the local
maintenance by directly connecting to the NodeB or the remote maintenance by
connecting to the NodeB through maintenance channels.
The LMT performs the following functions:

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Data configuration

Status monitoring (through emulation panel)

Alarm monitoring

Software upgrade

Testing and commissioning

The LMT also maintains the NodeB through MML and GUI.

M2000
The M2000 is the network management center of the WCDMA Radio Access
Network (WRAN), which remotely maintains the NodeB in batches.
The M2000 performs the following functions:

Data configuration (CME-based)

Alarm monitoring

Performance monitoring

Software upgrade

The M2000 also maintains the NodeB through MML and GUI. It can support
different types of NodeB and different versions of software at the same time.

5.2 OM Functions
The 3900 series NodeBs provide a universal OM mechanism independent of
hardware. The mechanism includes security management, equipment management,
fault management, software management, and performance management.

5.2.1 Security Management


Security management is to manage the connection between NodeB software and
Operation and Maintenance Center (OMC) (that is, the LMT or M2000 in the WRAN),
user authentication, encryption, and forward resolution of interface messages.

5.2.2 Equipment Management


Equipment management provides data configuration and status management of all
internal equipment (boards and modules) and external equipment (power supply,
EMI, and RET) of the NodeB.

5.2.3 Fault Management


Fault management accomplishes functions such as fault detection, alarm reporting,
alarm-related troubleshooting, fault isolation and self-healing.

5.2.4 Software Management


Software management provides software downloading and activation, patch upgrade,
file uploading and downloading functions in addition to consistency check of software
and hardware versions, version management, and software version upgrade.
Software management is also a means to upgrade software locally through the USB
port on the BBU3900 panel instead of through a PC.

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5.2.5 Performance Management


Performance management includes subscription of NodeB performance items,
periodical control of performance statistics, measurement, sampling, storage, and
reporting of performance items.

5.2.6 Commissioning Management


The 3900 series NodeBs perform commissioning functions in two ways, namely
universal testability frame and specific testing/commissioning.

The universal testability frame provides a universal testing mechanism to


facilitate the future extended testing. It also provides a common test template
regarding immediate test, periodical task test, and performance item test, which
facilitates the template-based extended testing in the future.

The NodeB provides a variety of testing and commissioning functions for easy
maintenance and fault diagnosis. The specific testing/commissioning has the
following functions:

E1/T1 online BER test, RTWP test, and CPU usage test

NodeB logs and one-push uploading of NodeB logs

Interface tracing of Iub and internal interface

Local serial port commissioning and serial port relocation

5.2.7 Environment Monitoring


The 3900 series NodeBs are attendance-free and widely applicable, which requires a
sound environment monitoring system to ensure the normal running of the NodeB
equipment and to handle all possible emergencies.
The environment monitoring system provides customized solutions regarding door
control, infrared, smoke, water immersion, humidity, and temperature. Users can also
define external alarms.

5.2.8 License Management


The M2000 is responsible for applying for and activating WRAN licenses. It delivers
license control items to a NodeB and through these items controls the current
services and capacity of the NodeB. The function control items include HSDPA,
OTSR, HSUPA, and MBMS, while the resource control items include the number of
CEs, number of sectors and carriers, and power control.
The 3900 series NodeBs also provide interfaces for querying license control items,
clearing license, and setting license function switches.

5.2.9 Task Management


The 3900 series NodeBs provide maintenance for the BBU, RRU, RET, and EMI.
The 3900 series NodeBs comply with the Antenna Line Device (ALD) protocol of
AISG2.0 and 3GPP, and downwards compatible with the AISG1.1 protocol.
The 3900 series NodeBs provide the RET antenna equipment with all OM functions,
including auto scanning, data configuration (setting of the antenna tilt and TMA gain),
status query, and fault reporting.

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The 3900 series NodeBs support self-detection of complete hardware installation and
adopts the software package stored in the USB disk of the NodeB to perform local
upgrade, thus saving time for upgrade. In addition, it requires no local software
commissioning.

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

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RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Reliability

6.1 Overview
The 3900 series NodeBs introduce a fresh new NodeB system structure and
provides a complete redundancy design. It also takes advantage of Huawei largecapacity ASIC chips to enhance the integrity of modules, reduce the number of parts,
and greatly improve the reliability of the system.

6.2 System Reliability


The system reliability of the 3900 series NodeBs is embodied in the load-sharing and
redundancy configuration design, which optimizes the fault detection/isolation
technology of boards and systems and greatly improves the reliability of the system.

Redundancy Design
The main control board, transmission board, power supply unit, and fan in the NodeB
all support redundancy. The BBU supports load sharing.
The CPRI port that connects the BBU and the RRU supports ring networking. When
one CPRI link is faulty, the NodeB can automatically switch to another CPRI link.
The key data such as software version and data configuration files in the NodeB
supports redundancy.

Reliability Design
The NodeB can automatically self-detect and diagnose hardware failure and
environment problems, and then report alarms. It also attempts to conduct selfhealing to clear faults. If the self-healing fails, it can automatically isolate the faults.

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

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RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

6.3 Hardware Reliability


Anti-Misinsertion Function of Boards
When a board is wrongly inserted into the slot of another board, the mistaken board
cannot be connected to the backplane and in this way the equipment is free from
damage.

Overtemperature Protection
When the ambient temperature of the power amplifier on the RRU is too high, the
NodeB generates overtemperature alarms and immediately switches off the power
amplifier to prevent it from damage.

Power Supply Reliability


Power supply units of the 3900 series NodeBs are also reliable in the following
aspects:

The 3900 series NodeBs have wide-range voltage and surge protection
functions.

The 3900 series NodeBs provide power failure protection for programs and data.

The boards protect power supply against overvoltage, overcurrent, and reverse
connection of positive and negative poles.

Hierarchical shutdown
The outdoor NodeB performs shutdown for the PA according to the backup
power capacity.

Surge Protection Reliability


The 3900 series NodeBs take surge protection measures on AC/DC power sockets,
input/output signal ports (E1 port, interconnection port, and Boolean alarm port),
antenna connectors, and GPS ports.

6.4 Software Reliability


The software reliability includes the redundancy of key files and data, and the
powerful error tolerance of software.

Software Redundancy
The 3900 series NodeBs provide redundancy for key files and data such as software
versions and data configuration files to prevent them from damage and to ensure the
normal running of the NodeBs.

Redundancy of software versions


The 3900 series NodeBs provide separate redundancy for software versions
including the BootROM software version to avoid version problems. If one
version is faulty, the NodeB can switch to the backup version.

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

Redundancy of data configuration files

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RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

The 3900 series NodeBs provide separate redundancy for data configuration
files to avoid interrupting the running of the files. If the current file is faulty, the
backup file can still work properly.

Error Tolerance
When the software is faulty, it does not affect the entire NodeB because the system is
capable of self-healing. The software error tolerance functions are as follows:

Scheduled detection of key resources


The 3900 series NodeBs perform occupancy check on software resources. If
resource hang-up occurs due to software faults, the NodeB can release the
unavailable resources in time and export logs and alarms.

Task monitoring
During the running of software, the 3900 series NodeBs monitor the internal
errors of all software and some hardware faults, if any. The 3900 series NodeBs
also monitor task progress and running status, report alarms when the system is
faulty, and try to restore the task by self-healing.

Data Consistency Check


The 3900 series NodeBs perform scheduled or event-triggered data consistency
check and can restore the data consistency preferably or preferentially. Also,
they generate related logs and alarms.

Dongle
The 3900 series NodeBs can detect the irregular running status of the software
and then automatically reset the system through the dongles at both software
and hardware levels.

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

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RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Technical Specifications

7.1 Technical Specifications for the BTS3900


Figure 1.1 Technical specifications for the BTS3900
Item

Specification

Frequency

2,100 MHz:

band

RX: 1,920 MHz to 1,980 MHz


TX: 2,110 MHz to 2,170 MHz

Capacity

24 cells
Maximum configuration: 6 sectors x 4 carriers, 3 sectors x 8 carriers
UL: 1,536 CEs
DL: 1,536 CEs

Output power

One WRFU module supports 4 carriers and the output power over the
antenna port is 80 W.

Receiver sensitivity

Band

1-way
receiver
diversity

2-way receiver
diversity

Note

(dBm)

(dBm)
Band I (2100
MHz)

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

125.8

128.6

Commercial in Confidence

The receiver sensitivity (full


frequency) at the antenna
connector of the NodeB
according to 3GPP TS
25.104; 12.2 kbit/s; The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

Page 49 Total 59

RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Item

Specification

Other

126.5

129.3

The receiver sensitivity


(Median performance over
reception bandwidth) at the
antenna connector of the
NodeB that handles 112.2
kbit/s AMR services; The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

125.6

128.4

The receiver sensitivity (full


frequency) at the antenna
connector of the NodeB
according to 3GPP TS
25.104; 12.2 kbit/s, The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

126.3

129.1

The receiver sensitivity


(Median performance over
reception bandwidth) at the
antenna connector of the
NodeB that handles 12.2
kbit/s AMR services; The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

Band

Transmission
interface

A maximum of 32 E1/T1 ports, 2 FE electrical ports, 2 FE optical ports

Clock and
synchronization

Iub interface, GPS, BITS, OCXO free oscillation, clock over IP

Dimensions

900 mm x 600 mm x 450 mm (H x W x D)

Weight

Empty cabinet 70 kg

Precision: 0.05 ppm

Cabinet in 3 x 1/3 x 2 configuration 120 kg


Cabinet in full configuration 160 kg
Power supply

48 V DC, Voltage range: 38.4 V DC to 57 V DC


+24 V DC, Voltage range: +21.6 V DC to +29 V DC
220 V AC single-phase and three-phases power cable

Power consumption

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

Configuration

Per carrier

Typical power
consumption

Maximum power
consumption

3x1

20 W

520 W

620 W

3x2

20 W

610 W

830 W

3x3

20 W

810 W

1070 W

3x4

20 W

1020 W

1330 W

Commercial in Confidence

Page 50 Total 59

RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Item

Specification
Note:
The typical power consumption is reached when the output power per carrier on the
cabinet top is 20 W and the DBS3800 works with a 50% load.

The maximum power consumption is reached when the output power per carrier on
the cabinet top is 20 W and the DBS3800 works with a 100% load.

Working
temperature

20C to +50C

Relative humidity

5% to 85%

Absolute humidity

(1 to 25) g/m3

Air pressure

70 kPa to 106 kPa

Protection level

IP20

Storage

ETSI EN300019-1-1 V2.1.4 (2003-04) class1.2 "Weather protected, not


temperature-controlled storage locations"

Transportation

ETSI EN300019-1-2 V2.1.4 (2003-04)

Anti-seismic
performance

IEC 60068-2-57 (1999-11) Environmental testing Part 2-57: Tests Test Ff:
Vibration Time-history method

class 2.3 "Public transportation"

YD5083-99: Interim Provisions for Test of Anti-seismic Performances of


Telecommunications Equipment (telecom industry standard in People's
Republic of China
Electromagnetic
compatibility

The NodeB meets the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) requirements and


complies with the following standards:

R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC

R&TTE Directive 89/336/EEC

3GPP TS 25.113 V3.2.0 (2000-06)

ETSI EN 301489-1/23

ETSI EN 301908-1 V2.2.1 (2003-10)

ITU-R SM.329-10

The NodeB is Conformit Europenne (CE) certified, where Conformit


Europenne is the French equivalent of European Conformity.

7.2 Technical Specifications for the BTS3900A


Figure 1.1 Technical specifications for the BTS3900A
Item

Specification

Frequency

2,100 MHz:

band

RX: 1,920 MHz to 1,980 MHz


TX: 2,110 MHz to 2,170 MHz

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

Commercial in Confidence

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RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Item

Specification

Capacity

24 cells
Maximum configuration: 6 sectors x 4 carriers, 3 sectors x 8 carriers
UL: 1,536 CEs
DL: 1,536 CEs

Output power

One RF module supports 4 carriers and the output power over the antenna port
is 80 W.

Receiver
sensitivity

Band

Band (2100
MHz)

Other

1-way receiver
diversity

2-way receiver
diversity

(dBm)

(dBm)

125.8

128.6

The receiver sensitivity (full


frequency) at the antenna
connector of the NodeB
according to 3GPP TS
25.104; 12.2 kbit/s; The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

126.5

129.3

The receiver sensitivity


(Median performance over
reception bandwidth) at the
antenna connector of the
NodeB that handles 12.2
kbit/s AMR services; The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

125.6

128.4

The receiver sensitivity (full


frequency) at the antenna
connector of the NodeB
according to 3GPP TS
25.104; 12.2 kbit/s; The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

126.3

129.1

The receiver sensitivity


(Median performance over
reception bandwidth) at the
antenna connector of the
NodeB that handles 12.2
kbit/s AMR services; The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

band

Note

Transmission
interface

A maximum of 32 E1/T1 ports, 2 electrical FE ports, 2 optical FE ports

Clock and
synchronization

Iub interface, GPS, BITS, OCXO free oscillation, clock over IP

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

Precision: 0.05 ppm

Commercial in Confidence

Page 52 Total 59

RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Item

Specification

Dimensions

RF cabinet: 700 mm x 600 mm x 480 mm (H x W x D)


Power cabinet: 700 mm x 600 mm x 480 mm (H x W x D)

Weight

Empty RF cabinet 55 kg
Empty power cabinet 65 kg
Cabinet in 3x1 or 3x2 configuration 165 kg
Cabinet in full configuration 210 kg (without batteries)

Power supply

220 V AC single-phase and three-phases power cable


110 V AC dual-live-wire power cable
48 V DC, Voltage range: 38.4 V DC to 57 V DC

Power
consumption

Power consumption (AC)

Configuration

Estimate of typical Power Backup


time with Typical power
consumption and new battery

Typical

Maximum

50 Ah

92 Ah

50% load

100% load

3x1

630 W

740 W

3.8 hours

8.8 hours

3x2

730 W

970 W

3.2 hours

7.5 hours

3x3

950 W

1300 W

2.3 hours

5.2hours

3x4

1220 W

1580 W

1.6 hours

3.8 hours

Built-in battery

50 Ah, 100 Ah (optional)

Operation
temperature

40C to +45C (with solar radiation of 1,120 W/m2)

Relative humidity

5% to 100%

Absolute humidity

(1 to 30)g/m3

Air pressure

70 kPa to 106 kPa

Protection level

IP55

Storage

ETSI EN300019-1-1 V2.1.4 (2003-04) class1.2 "Weather protected, not


temperature-controlled storage locations"

Transportation

ETSI EN300019-1-2 V2.1.4 (2003-04)

Anti-seismic
performance

IEC 60068-2-57 (1999-11) Environmental testing Part 2-57: Tests Test Ff:
Vibration Time-history method

40C to +50C (without solar radiation)

class 2.3 "Public transportation"

YD5083-99: Interim Provisions for Test of Anti-seismic Performances of


Telecommunications Equipment (telecom industry standard in People's Republic
of China.

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

Commercial in Confidence

Page 53 Total 59

RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Item

Specification

Electromagnetic
compatibility

The NodeB meets the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) requirements and


complies with the following standards:

R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC

R&TTE Directive 89/336/EEC

3GPP TS 25.113 V3.2.0 (2000-06)

ETSI EN 301489-1/23

ETSI EN 301908-1 V2.2.1 (2003-10)

ITU-R SM.329-10

The NodeB is Conformit Europenne (CE) certified, where Conformit


Europenne is the French equivalent of European Conformity.

7.3 Technical Specifications for the DBS3900


Figure 1.1 Technical specifications for the DBS3900
Item

Specification

Frequency

Frequency band

RX (MHz)

TX (MHz)

band

Band I (2100 MHz)

19201980

21102170

Band II (1900 MHz)

18501910

19301990

Band V/VI (850 MHz)

824849

869894

Band IV (AWS)

1710-1755

2110-2155

Capacity

24 cells
Maximum configuration: 6 sectors x 4 carriers, 3 sectors x 8 carriers
UL: 1,536 CEs
DL: 1,536 CEs

Output power

One RRU module supports 4 carriers, 60 W output power:

Receiver sensitivity

Band

Band I
(2100
MHz)

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

1-way receiver
diversity

2-way receiver
diversity

(dBm)

(dBm)

125.8

128.6

Commercial in Confidence

Note

The receiver sensitivity


(full frequency) at the
antenna connector of
the NodeB according to
3GPP TS 25.104, 12.2
kbit/s; The BER does
not exceed 0.001.

Page 54 Total 59

RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Item

Specification

Other

126.5

129.3

The receiver sensitivity


(Median performance
over reception
bandwidth) at the
antenna connector of
the NodeB that handles
112.2 kbit/s AMR
services; The BER does
not exceed 0.001.

125.6

128.4

The receiver sensitivity


(full frequency) at the
antenna connector of
the NodeB according to
3GPP TS 25.104; 12.2
kbit/s; The BER does
not exceed 0.001.

126.3

129.1

The receiver sensitivity


(Median performance
over reception
bandwidth) at the
antenna connector of
the NodeB that handles
112.2 kbit/s AMR
services; The BER does
not exceed 0.001.

band

Transmission
interface

A maximum of 48 E1/T1 ports, 2 electrical FE ports, 2 optical FE ports

Clock and
synchronization

Iub interface, GPS, BITS, OCXO free oscillation, clock over IP

Dimensions

BBU3900: 442 mm x 86 mm x 310 mm (W x H x D)

Precision: 0.05 ppm


RRU: 480 mm x 270 mm x 140 mm (W x H x D) (without housing)
520 mm x 280 mm x 155 mm (W x H x D) (with housing and connector)

Weight

BBU3900: 11 kg (full configuration) Typical configuration for 3 x 2: 7 kg


RRU: 15 kg (without housing), 17Kg (with housing)

Power supply

RRU: 48 V DC, Voltage range:36V DC to 57 V DC


BBU3900: 48 V DC, Voltage range:38.4 V DC to 57 V DC

Power consumption

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

Power consumption

Estimate of typical Power Backup time with


typical power consumption and new battery

Configu
ration

Typical

Maximum

(50%
load)

(100%
load)

3x1

400

500

24 Ah

36 Ah

50 Ah

100 Ah

2.2
hours

3.7 hours

5.5 hours

12.0
hours

Commercial in Confidence

Page 55 Total 59

RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Item

Operation
temperature:

Relative humidity

Specification
3x2

550

740

1.5
hours

2.5 hours

3.7 hours

8.5 hours

3x3

710

970

1.0
hour

1.7 hours

2.8 hours

6.4 hours

BBU3900: 20 to +55

RRU:

40 to +50 (with solar radiation of 1,120 W/m2)

40 to +55 (without solar radiation)

BBU3900: 5% to 85%
RRU: 5% to 100%

Absolute humidity

BBU3900: (1 to 25) g/m3


RRU: (1 to 30) g/m3

Air pressure

70 kPa to 106 kPa

Protection level

BBU3900:IP20
RRU:IP65

Storage

ETSI EN300019-1-1 V2.1.4 (2003-04) class1.2 "Weather protected, not


temperature-controlled storage locations"

Transportation

ETSI EN300019-1-2 V2.1.4 (2003-04) class 2.3 "Public transportation"

Anti-seismic
performance

IEC 60068-2-57 (1999-11) Environmental testing Part 2-57: Tests Test Ff:
Vibration Time-history method
YD5083-99: Interim Provisions for Test of Anti-seismic Performances of
Telecommunications Equipment (telecom industry standard in People's
Republic of China

Electromagnetic
compatibility

The NodeB meets the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) requirements and


complies with the following standards:

R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC

R&TTE Directive 89/336/EEC

3GPP TS 25.113 V3.2.0 (2000-06)

ETSI EN 301489-1/23

ETSI EN 301908-1 V2.2.1 (2003-10)

ITU-R SM.329-10

The NodeB is Conformit Europenne (CE) certified, where Conformit


Europenne is the French equivalent of European Conformity.

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

Commercial in Confidence

Page 56 Total 59

RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

7.4 Technical Specifications for the BTS3900C


Figure 1.1 Technical specifications for the BTS3900C
Item

Specification

Frequency

Frequency band

RX (MHz)

TX (MHz)

band

Band 2100M

19201980

21102170

Band 1900M

18501910

19301990

Band V/VI850M

824849

869894

Band IV AWS

17101755

21102155

Capacity

3 cells
Maximum configuration: 1x3
UL: 384 CEs
DL: 384 CEs

Output power

One RRU module supports 3 carriers, 60 W output power.

Receiver sensitivity

Band

1-way
receiver
diversity

2-way receiver
diversity

Note

(dBm)

(dBm)
Band (2100
MHz)

Other

125.8

128.6

The receiver sensitivity (full


frequency) at the antenna
connector of the NodeB
according to 3GPP TS
25.104; 12.2 kbit/s; The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

126.5

129.3

The receiver sensitivity


(Median performance over
reception bandwidth) at the
antenna connector of the
NodeB that handles 112.2
kbit/s AMR services; The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

125.6

128.4

The receiver sensitivity (full


frequency) at the antenna
connector of the NodeB
according to 3GPP TS
25.104; 12.2 kbit/s, The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

Band

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

Commercial in Confidence

Page 57 Total 59

RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Item

Specification
126.3

129.1

The receiver sensitivity


(Median performance over
reception bandwidth) at the
antenna connector of the
NodeB that handles 12.2
kbit/s AMR services; The
BER does not exceed
0.001.

Transmission
interface

A maximum of 8 E1/T1 ports, 2 FE electrical ports, 2 FE optical ports

Clock and
synchronization

Iub interface, GPS, BITS, OCXO free oscillation, clock over IP

Dimensions (H x W
x D)

600 mm x 400 mm x 390 mm

Weight (kg)

35

Power supply

-48 V DC Voltage range: 38.4 V DC to 57 V DC

Precision: 0.05 ppm


600 mm x 240 mm x 390 mm (used as outdoor BBU)

220 V AC single-phase power cable


110 V AC dual-live-wire power cable
Power consumption

Power
consumption

Per carrier

Typical

Maximum

1x1

20 W

230 W

260 W

1x2

20 W

280 W

350 W

1x3

20 W

330 W

420 W

Note:
The typical power consumption is reached when the output power per carrier on the
cabinet top is 20 W and the BTS3803C works with a 50% load.

The maximum power consumption is reached when the output power per carrier on
the cabinet top is 20 W and the BTS3803C works with a 100% load.

Operation
temperature

40C to +45C (with solar radiation of 1,120 W/m2)

Relative humidity

5% to 100%

Absolute humidity

(1 to 30) g/m3

Air pressure

70 kPa to 106 kPa

Protection level

IP55

Storage

ETSI EN300019-1-1 V2.1.4 (2003-04) class1.2Weather protected, not


temperature-controlled storage locations.

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

40C to +50C (without solar radiation)

Commercial in Confidence

Page 58 Total 59

RNA10.0 3900 Series WCDMA NodeB


Product Description

Item

Specification

Transportation

ETSI EN300019-1-2 V2.1.4 (2003-04) class 2.3Public transportation.

Anti-seismic
performance

IEC 60068-2-57 (1999-11) Environmental testing Part 2-57: Tests Test Ff:
Vibration Time-history method
YD5083-99: Interim Provisions for Test of Anti-seismic Performances of
Telecommunications Equipment (telecommunication industry standard in
People's Republic of China.

Electromagnetic
compatibility

Issue 01 (2008-03-06)

The NodeB meets the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) requirements and


complies with the following standards:

R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC

R&TTE Directive 89/336/EEC

3GPP TS 25.113 V3.2.0 (2000-06)

ETSI EN 301489-1/23

ETSI EN 301908-1 V2.2.1 (2003-10)

ITU-R SM.329-10

The NodeB is Conformit Europenne (CE) certified, where Conformit


Europenne is the French equivalent of European Conformity.

Commercial in Confidence

Page 59 Total 59