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Drug Study

Drug Name Mechanism of


Action
Indications Contraindications Side Effects Nursing
Responsibilities
1 tramadol +
paracetamol
(.Dolcet )1 tab
TID

Analgesics
Binds to opiate
receptors and
inhibits reuptake of
norephinephrine and
serotonin. It reduces
intensity of pain
stimuli incoming
from sensory nerve
endings, altering
pain perception and
emotional response
to pain
Treatment of
fever, acute
pain, swelling
-hypersensitivity
-Acute
intoxication with
alcohol

Nausea,
dizziness,
somnolence,
fatigue, hot
flushes,
constipation
1. Assess onset, type,
location, and duration
of pain
2. Effect of medication
is reduced if full pain
recurs before next
dose
3. Give without regards
to meals
4. Monitor BP
2. Clindamycin
(Clindamax) 300
mg IV q 6

Antibiotic
Inhibits bacterial
protein synthesis by
binding to 50S
subunit of ribosome

Hinders or kills
susceptible bacteria
-infections
caused by
staphylococci,
streptococci,
and other
sensitive
aerobic and
anaerobic
microorganisms
-hypersensitive
to drug
-use cautiously in
patients with
renal or hepatic
disease, asthma
Abdominal Pain,
diarrhea,
dysphagia,
esophagitis,
Nausea,
vomiting
1.Assess patients
infection regularly
during therapy
2. Be alert for adverse
reaction of drug
3. Instruct patient to
report and discomfort
at infusion site
3. co-amoxiclav
(Amoclav) 300
mg IV q 6

Antibiotic
Inhibits enzymes
involved in formation
of peptidoglycan
layer of bacterial cell
wall
Bactericidal; only
works on dividing
bacteria
Skin and soft
tissue
infections
-hypersensitivity
to penicillin
-superinfections
involving
pseudomonas or
candida
Lethargy,
seizures, furry
tounge, nausea
and vomiting,
abdominal pain,
sore mout
1.Assess bowel pattern
before and during
treatment
2.Report hematuria or
oliguria as high doses
can be nephrotoxic
3. Assess respiratort
status

4. Observe for
anaphylaxis