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JOINDER OF CLAIMS

By Plaintiff
FRCP 18 Joinder of Claims:
Allows a party who has made a
claim against another to join
further claims with it against the
same opponent. It authorizes
claim joinder without limitation,
regardless of whether the claim
to be joined is related to the pre-
existing claims or not, as long as
the joined claim satisfies subject
matter jurisdiction requirements.

By Defendant
FRCP 13
Counterclaim
(claim against
opposing party)
Logical
Relationship Test
(core of operative
facts, STO)
Yes STO,
supplemental
jurisdiction.
No STO,
independent basis
for SMJ.
Compulsory (must
be brought)

Permissive (can wait)

FRCP 13(g):
Crossclaim (claim
against co-party)

STO (core of
operative facts)