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Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
Division of Occidental Mindoro
AGUAS NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Barangay Aguas, Municipality of Rizal

ACTIVITIES ON LOWERING THE
TRANSMISSION BASELINE OF MDF
DISEASES IN THE COMMUNITY


Presented by:

Peter Philip M. Perez
Teacher II
MAED

Presented before the:
Students of Aguas National High School
And the
Panel of Observers from MHO, RHU, DepEd
Office








TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Introductory notes 1
Rationale of the activities. 3
Activity # 1.. 4
Activity # 2. 6
Activity # 3. 9
Activity # 4. 11
References.. 13
Appendices:
1. Lesson Plan
2. Prototype Script
3. Answer key for activity # 1




















Anti MDF Learning Material


Peter Philip M. Perez
Teacher II
Aguas National High School



I. INTRODUCTORY NOTES:

It is wise to think that: Every place in the world must be
has certain potential for Malaria, Dengue and Filariasis
transmission that is intrinsic to it at a given point in time.
This level of transmission is ranges from zero to some level
above zero. This characteristic is often referred to as
receptivity, and indicates the extent to which conditions are
favorable for Malaria-Dengue-Filariasis (MDF) transmission in a
specific locations called in this respects as Transmission
baseline of MDF.

Lowering the Transmission Baseline of MDF in general and the
costs of maintaining elimination may include:

Strong surveillance systems, which includes both passive
and active measures to rapidly identify any treat or any
imported and introduced cases in the community.

Vector control in areas where risk of transmission is high
to ensure that any imported infections that are missed by
surveillance do not result in outbreaks

Education campaigns to remind the population of the
continued threat of malaria despite its absence as a cause
of morbidity and mortality

In some cases, suppression of importation either through
screening of migrant populations or working with
neighboring regions to reduce importation at its source

This designed module considered the ways of lowering the
transmission baseline for MDF mentioned above. In addition, this
material also aimed to deliver the said concepts using a so
called Learning by doing, and Evidenced Learning approaches.
Particularly it will try to follow the cyclic procedure:






























With the above diagram under consideration, it follows also
that the learning/researches that have been done by our
forefathers of medicine as regards to MDF will be used in this
present learning endeavor. And, the present findings, both by
the student and the facilitator, whether accidentally or
supposedly derived (if it proves to be new and of pertinence)
shall be used be used for future endeavors with the same
respects as ours; it is then given that this learning endeavor
will be fueled with enthusiasm of scientific investigation for
the sake of whatever improvements we can share with the world in
fighting for the diseases under consideration in this learning
endeavor/s.





KNOW/
KNOWLEDGE
PLAN
RE EVALUATE
DO ANOTHER
PLAN
EVALUATE
ACT
To have
additional
II. RATIONALE OF THE ACTIVITIES/LEARNING ENDEAVOR:

Bold statements like MDF eradication and control is
technically, operationally and financially feasible (Global
Malaria Programme, April 2014) can be read in many health
literatures. Thus, based on the optimism of the foregoing we can
say that we just need to execute the said endeavors in manners
that will: suit the peculiar nature of the place; proper and
timely, which we hope to yield significant results in the
future.
In our continued quest for health concerns of the whole
human race, especially in our very own Province of Occidental
Mindoro we often encounter the three letter acronym MDF which
stands for the three major mosquito borne diseases there is in
existence in our locality. It is noteworthy that in dealing with
the said diseases, we are knowingly or unknowingly indulging
ourselves in Micro Measures or local efforts in reducing and
controlling the said problems. This complements with that of
Macro Measures (International) of the World Health organization
and the likes.
Since there is already an established fact MDF along with
other mosquito borne diseases can be controlled using some sort
of Vector control, this learning material will jive with this
idea; thus, for most parts it contains activities which aim to
reduce the numbers of vectors in the locality; here, Vector
Control activities will highlight activities 2 to 4. And for
reason that this is study module is still in the pilot phase
(unexpurgated) a simple cleanliness drive in a certain community
will be enough to cover this desired learning
Cleanliness drives as mentioned above indeed has all the
potential to lowers the transmission baseline of MDF in certain
locality (Global Malaria Programme, April 2014); thus, it
contributes to the holistic whole not only by the sense of
reducing the percentage of MDF affliction in the province, but
also by trying to create a prototype community of solution
givers in the sense that they are not the problem bearer but
instead, a community who sees that prevention is better than
cure and there good health and environment that fosters it
contributes to the holistic whole.
Considering the above, we all know that this is, and should
not be a one day endeavor. Thus, giving sense to the idea of
lobbying the public in whatever respects possible; this calls
for massive information and dissemination drive which will serve
as a good schema for their involvement. Furthermore, MDF
Education campaigns (of whatever sort) are also badly needed to
remind the population of the continued threats of malaria
despite its absence as a cause of morbidity and mortality.
Both micro and macro measures against MDF both manifest
good indicators of success against the said disease. It is
however true, that there are still lots to accomplish which
calls for more micro measures which will add to good side of the
big picture. Finally, freedom from such diseases as mentioned
will be of help to the MDF burdened country economically (Kaser
M. 1968; Cohen JM et al. 2010; World Health Organization, 2011).
And thus, it is a call for good citizens like us to push efforts
toward the attainment of MDF free country/community.














ACTIVITY # 1
PAPER AND PENCIL EXAMINATION

Sub Rationale of the paper and pencil test activity:
Baseline knowledge on the nature of diseases like Malaria,
Dengue and Filariasis is of prime importance in designing
program/s that is intended to reduce and/or totally eradicate
the occurrence of the disease in a certain community.
Evidenced proficiency on the theoretical concepts will
prove useful in pushing efforts for the said endeavor,
evaluating the feasibility of the said measures as well as in
evaluating its success based on the anecdotal records of the
said hands on activities of the advocacy.

DIRECTION: Write the letter of the most appropriate answer on
your paper.
1. This is a disease caused by a certain virus transmitted by
an infected Aedes Mosquito.

a. Dengue c. Filariasis
b. Malaria d. All of the above

2. Which of the following person is most likely to be bitten
by the Aedes mosquito?

a. A person sleeping in his/her bed at nighttime.
b. Moving persons
c. Nonmoving persons
d. None of the above

3. Which of the following is not a Filarial Mosquito vector?

a. Aedes poecilus c. Aedes Aegypti
b. Anopheles Flavirostris d. Mansonnea uniformis

4. This is a serious disease caused by a certain parasite
transmitted by an infected female Anopheles mosquito.

a. Dengue c. Filariasis
b. Malaria d. All of the above

5. Which of the following cannot result to transmission of
Malaria?

a. Blood transfusion from malarial victim currently
carrying the agent
b. Being injected using the same needle used to a
malarial victim
c. Placental transmission from a mother (infected by
malaria) to the uterus
d. Mosquito bites from Female Aedes

6. This is the type of mosquito which serves as the vector of
Malaria.

a. Anopheles Mosquitoes c. Male mosquitoes
b. Aedes Mosquitoes d. All types of mosquitoes

7. Which of the following plants does not serve as the
suitable habitat and breeding sites to Filarial carrying
mosquito?

a. Colocasia esculenta c. Musa textilis
b. Water lilies d. Marigolds

8. Which of the following is the habitat of the Pupae and
Lavae of Malaria carrying mosquitoes?

a. slow-flowing, partly shaded clear streams, indoor and
outdoor biter
b. Clear polluted stagnant water especially in dark or
shaded places
c. plants such as (Colocasia esculenta, Musa Textilis,
and Water Lilies) which serves as the breeding sites
for Filarial species carrying mosquitoes
d. None of the above

9. Which of the following is the habitat Pupae and Lavae of
Dengue carrying mosquitoes?

a. Clear polluted stagnant water especially in dark or
shaded places
b. slow-flowing, partly shaded clear streams, indoor and
outdoor biter
c. plants such as (Colocasia esculenta, Musa Textilis,
and Water Lilies) which serves as the breeding sites
for Filarial species carrying mosquitoes
d. None of the above

10. Which of the following is the habitat Pupae and Lavae
of L. Filariasis carrying mosquitoes?
a. Clear polluted stagnant water especially in dark or
shaded places
b. slow-flowing, partly shaded clear streams, indoor and
outdoor biter
c. plants such as (Colocasia esculenta, Musa Textilis,
and Water Lilies) which serves as the breeding sites
for Filarial species carrying mosquitoes
d. None of the above.

ACTIVITY # 2
IS MY ENVIRONMENT SAFE?


Sub Rationale for the activity:

Being aware of what is happening in the surroundings is of
pertinent help in fulfilling the desire of the government in
alleviating MDF and like diseases. Every rational decision
and/or conclusion comes from solid evidences; the same applies
to conclusions as whether a certain place is MDF prone or not.
Therefore, there is a need for a strong surveillance system,
including both passive and active measures to rapidly identify
any treat of MDF in the locality


DIRECTIONS:

Below are list of indicators for certain MDF diseases.
Please check if it is present in your respective post.

Headed by your respective leaders groups (in these case 5),
will be assigned to monitor a specific place within the
school campus, to fill out the table below and jot down the
condition of the place which can serve as a pertinent tool
for evaluation as to the feasibility of the place/s to
contribute to the occurrence of MDF diseases in the
locality.

The group rapporteur will report the finding to the teacher
and/or panel of observers as to the respective groups
findings on their designated area.



/ or X
INDICATORS OF PRESENCE OF MALARIA VECTORS
CHECKLIST
No. THE INDICATORS
1. Presence of Malaria infection cases in the vicinity
2. Presence of slow-flowing partly shaded clear
streams, indoor and outdoor biter.
3. The community is near the coastal areas
4. Presence of semi stagnant streams alongside of
shallow trees with mat of algae.
5. Presence of slow flowing streams in wooded areas
6. Presence of stagnant water or in forest areas, hoof
prints, and animal wallows.
7. Presence of larvae or pupae (kiti kiti) on clear
polluted stagnant water especially on clear but
slow-flowing partly shaded and stagnant bodies of
water.






/ or X
INDICATORS OF PRESENCE OF DENGUE VECTORS
CHECKLIST
No. THE INDICATORS
1. Presence of Dengue infection cases in the vicinity;
the symptoms are fever for two days, and presence
of rashes on the skin
2. Presence of clear polluted stagnant water
especially in dark or shaded places.
3. Open water vases, and other containers containing
stagnant and unpolluted water.
4. Presence of gutters which may accumulate water
5. Walls which can serve as the breeding place of the
larvae or pupae of Dengue carrying mosquito.
6. Presence of larvae or pupae (kiti kiti) on clear
polluted stagnant water especially in dark or
shaded places.

Notes:

Though the said symptoms of Dengue (fever for two days, and
presence of rashes on the skin) are in most cases can be
considered as valid indication it could also be an
indication of other diseases. Thus, presence of such should
be treated as mere suspicion that should be reported or
convened to health officials.

A person can acquire dengue four times because there are
four types of dengue virus.

Dengue vectors can fly from 50 to 300 meters from their
breeding area. Thus, nearby communities must also push
efforts to reduce/eradicate dengue vectors.

Dengue vectors multiply during rainy season; we must be
more proactive to counter this phenomenon.



/ or X
INDICATORS OF PRESENCE OF FILARIASIS
VECTORS CHECKLIST
No. THE INDICATORS
1. Presence of Filariasis infection cases in the
vicinity
2. Presence of L. Filariasis harboring plants
(Colocasia esculenta, Musa Textilis, and Water
Lilies) which serves as the breeding sites for
Filarial species carrying mosquitoes.









ACTIVITY # 3
MDF VECTORS REDUCTION MEASURES/THE CLEANLINES AND
SANITATION DRIVE


Sub Rationale for the activity:

Learning is said to be best evidenced by practice or
actuations of the learner. This can serve as the sole indication
that one learned or does not learn at all.
The way one applies the concepts given by the facilitator
or teacher, whether orally or in written form is the measure of
ones extent of learning; this is known to educators around the
world as Functional Literacy that must be acquired by any
student to ensure his/her future success. Actually, these said
renowned educators refer to this kind or way of measuring
literacy as a higher form of evaluation than paper and pencil
test for reason that it is evidenced. Thus, having learned MDF,
being important must also be observed in the actuations of the
students in the form of application.


DIRECTIONS:

Headed by your respective group leaders, you will try to
correct whatever situations which serves as a positive
indicator of the presence of MDF carrying mosquito in your
respective places (same location as that of activity 3).
Fill out the checklist below
The groups rapporteur will then again report the
accomplishment to the teacher facilitator and/or the panel
of observers.



SPECIFIC MEASURES TO REDUCE AND/OR IRRADICATE EACH MDF
CARRYING MOSQUITO.


A. MALARIA

No.
Specific measures
1. Reported to the health center a suspected Malaria
infection based on symptoms.
2. Streamlined slow moving partly shaded clear streams
3. Cleaned indoor and outdoor biter
4. Land filled bodies of water (semi stagnant streams,
slow flowing streams in wooded areas, and hoof
prints, and animal wallows)
5. Cleaned containers of water containing kiti kiti
6. Landfilled bodies of water containing kiti kiti




B. DENGUE

No.
Specific measures
1. Closed/sealed water vases, and other containers
containing stagnant and unpolluted water.
2. Streamlined/landfilled the clear polluted stagnant
water especially in dark or shaded places
(containing larvae or pupae commonly called kiti
kiti).
3. Cleaned gutters which may accumulate water
4. Cleaned the walls which may serve as the breeding
place of the larvae or pupae of Dengue carrying
mosquito.
5. Conducted MDF Education Campaign to nearby
localities/communities to since Dengue vectors can
fly from 50 to 300 meters from their breeding area
6. Placed vector controlling fishes on water fountains
and other ornamental water containers

Note: in cases of outbreak, one should also request for fogging
which should be done in correct manner.


C. FILARIASIS

/ or X No.
Specific measures
1. Reported to the health center a suspected L.
Filariasis infection based on symptoms.
2. Removal and/or cleaning of L. Filariasis harboring
plants (Colocasia esculenta, Musa Textilis, and
Water Lilies) which serves as the breeding sites
for Filarial species carrying mosquitoes.

Note:

Since the principle of L. Filariasis Reduction and
Elimination is thru proper treatment to be done by competent
health workers, reporting known/suspected cases is indeed the
outmost measure.










ACTIVITY # 4
EDUCATION CAMPAIGNS AGAINST MDF (ACT IT OUT): AN
OPTIONAL ACTIVITY

Sub Rationale for the activity:

a) On the idea of having an education campaign.

Present of constant reminders keeps even the less
knowledgeable members of the population informed of
the continued threat of MDF despite its absence as a
cause of morbidity and mortality; thus, they can react
intelligently on the matter upon receipt of the
information, or it can rekindle their knowledge on the
matter.

b) On acting as a way of pedagogy

Acquisition of knowledge is complex; thus, it
needs to be imparted in such a way that it will bear
appeal on the clients or learners which in this case
does not only pertain to the students of Aguas
National High School but the general populace of the
three Barangays or locality being catered by the
school. Thus, dramatization, in my perception will
provide an entertaining atmosphere in the act of
imparting knowledge in MDF even the less knowledgeable
members of the population and yet will bear
considerable impact on their perception and
present/future actions on the diseases: Malaria,
Dengue and Filariasis.


DIRECTION/NOTES:

The class will be divided into groups which will have 6 to
8 members.

Each group will provide their own script with well detailed
specifications:

Example:

SETTING: Municipal Clinic, Barrio

CHARACTERS:
Mother, Father, a Child (inflicted by
Malaria), Community Doctor, Community Nurse,
Neighbors (at least four)

PROPS NEEDED:
To be decided by group members based on the
needs of the play and the nature of the disease.
Example: Basin filled with water, face towel etc.


In cases of time constraints prototype scripts (Just an
excerpt, and translated in vernacular) provided in the
Appendices can be used.



























REFERENCES:
1. Powerpoint Slides of MDF Orientation for Teachers.

2. Global Malaria Programme, April 2014. From malaria control
to malaria elimination: a manual for elimination scenario
planning. World Health Organization, 20 avenue Appia 1211
Geneva 27 Switzerland ISBN 978 92 4 150702 8 (NLM
classification: WC 765)

3. Kaser M. Observations on the likely economic efficiency of
the malaria eradication program. The economic effects of
malaria eradication, 1968, 145167.

4. Cohen JM et al. How absolute is zero? An evaluation of
historical and current definitions of malaria elimination.
Malaria Journal, 2010, 9










APPENDIX 1
ANTI MDF LESSON PLAN/S




Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region IV-MIMAROPA
Division of Occidental Mindoro
AGUAS NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Barangay Aguas, Municipality of Rizal

ANTI MDF LESSON PLAN

I. OBJECTIVES:

a) Conceptual:

Infer that knowledge of the habitat, and
breading place of MDF carrying mosquito can
help lessen the occurrence of the disease
in the locality.
Have a strong conviction that mosquito has
a potential to harm the populace by
carrying MDF diseases and the likes.

b) Performance:
Analyze if certain surrounding has potential
in harboring MDF carrying mosquitoes and
providing breeding sites thereof.
Lessen a certain places potential of
carrying MDF carrying mosquitoes by
destroying their habitat.

c) Optional performance objectives: To be executed
if time permits

Manifest understanding of MDF diseases by
performing a play on the detection and
prevention of the disease.


II. SUBJECT MATTER:

1) Subject Matter:

A. Main Topic : Prevention and Control of
Mosquito borne diseases
B. Sub Topics :

1. Introduction to the concepts of
Mosquito
2. Effects of Mosquito bites to humans

2) Learning Materials:

a) Internet Simulations
b) Projectors
c) Computers
d) Prepared Activity Sheets

3) Time frame: 2 to 3 Sessions

III. LEARNING TASK:

1) Review:
This will be in the form of Formative
Evaluation of Multiple choice type. Please
refer to pages 3 to 4 of the prepared handouts,
entitled Activity #1.
Note:
It is given that the students have
prior knowledge on MDF that should be
tested.
2) Motivation:
Using the prepared PowerPoint
Presentation, the teacher will proceed as
follows:
Show pictures of People being beaten by
mosquitoes, the red coloration to skin
as a result of mosquito bites.

Will ask the students:
1. What could have caused this to
happen? The answer as expected the
answer would be a mosquito.
2. If you were beaten by mosquito: What
will you feel? What will happen to
you? Answers as expected will vary,
thus, the teacher must drive the
idea that mosquito bites cause
diseases.

The teacher will then try to arouse the
sympathy of students by:

1. Emphasizing that there are more
than just itchiness in a mosquito
bite.
2. Proving the later by showing a
simulation on the internet about a
child who caught deadly malaria
disease.
3. Again reemphasizing by asking: what
if one of your relatives are the
ones who have been victimized by
the disease?

3) Processing thru a lecture:
These parts of instruction are intended as
springboard to the main topic entitled
Prevention and Control of Mosquito borne
diseases

A. Content of the lecture:

Mosquitos have been on the planet for
more than 30 million years, and theyre
not leaving any time soon.
There are more than 2,700 different
species of mosquitoes in the world.
Life cycle of mosquitoes
The important shift comes when the
teacher will introduce that mosquitoes
causes diseases; MDF and others.

B. The drive or emphasis of the lecture:

Mosquitoes cause Malaria, Dengue and
Filariasis as well as other diseases.
Therefore,
Reducing the number of Mosquitoes will
reduce the number of MDF cases. Also,
The public will be able to deal better
with MDF diseases if they possess
enough knowledge of the nature and
causes of MDF diseases.

Note:
This will make the students realize
that something must be done; a
realization that drives to the
preceding activities about Mosquito
bite prevention and control.

4) Activities Proper:

This part is about the prevention and
control of MDF diseases. It will be emphasized
in the proceeding activities.

A. Activity # 2: IS MY ENVIRONMENT SAFE?

What needs to be emphasized or realized
here?

Knowing if the feasibility of the
surroundings in harboring mosquitoes, and
providing suitable place for reproduction
thereof (based on known data of the vectors
life cycle) makes it easy even for a common
person to counter act the reproduction
process. Thus, has the possibility of
reducing the occurrence of dengue in the
locality.

B. Activity # 3: MDF VECTORS REDUCTION
MEASURES/THE CLEANLINES AND SANITATION
DRIVE

What needs to be emphasized or realized
here?

An environment that is not suitable
for reproduction of MDF carrying diseases
is a necessity for the realization of the
ambition of zero occurrences of MDF
diseases.

C. Activity # 4: EDUCATION CAMPAIGNS AGAINST
MDF (ACT IT OUT): AN OPTIONAL ACTIVITY

What needs to be emphasized or realized
here?

Empowerment of the public can be best
done through education; a well-informed
public is a public that acts
intelligently. This is true even in
dealing with MDF diseases.

Processing concepts from the activities:
So far, you were able to execute 3
hands on activities. What do you
think is the connection between
activity 2 and activity 3?
In your opinion; what will be the3
result if all the localities acts
proactively against MDF diseases
thru periodic and constant
cleanliness drives?
In your opinion; how can information
drive like what you have done in
Activity 4 benefits the people in a
certain locality such as ours?
Explain your answer well.
D. Additional lecture:
This part will furnish the concepts of
the previous activities, and possess the
following concepts:
1. Controlling mosquitoes takes several
measures.
Personal protection measures like
using insect repellant products,
insecticide treated nets etc.
Killing the vector from the source
Ensuring that the environment will
not be a suitable dwelling place
for mosquitoes.
Other measures like:
a) residual spraying, and
b) fogging that is properly done
(only in case of outbreak)

2. What to do on cases that there are
already a manifestation or an outbreak
of Mosquito Borne Diseases in your
area.

Note:

This can mean/be interpreted
that the prevention measures fails
or there are no prevention
measures in an area yet.


IV. EVALUATION:

As per Notice/Memorandum, the MDF quiz will be
given by PHO-MDF Team
























Appendix 2
Prototype Script

























Script

Malaria Detection and Prevention



Mga Karakter:

1. Ramon : ang batang may sakit na Malaria
2. Maria : Ang ina ni Ramon
3. Elena : Kagagraduate lang ng Nursing; inaanak ni Maria
4. Lina : Ina ni Elena
5. Kapitan
6. Kagayad 1
7. Kagawad 2 : ang Kagayad on Health


Mga Props:

Unan, Kumot, Twalya na nakababad sa maligamgam na tubig na
nakalagay sa maliit na batya


Ang Setting ng Estorya : Bahay ni Aling Maria sa liblib na
barrio ng San Juan


Mga pangunahing konsepto ng kwento:

Mga pangunahing sintomas ng Malaria
Paano magkakasakit ng Malaria
Ang uri ng lamok na tinatawag na Anopheles ang nagdadala ng
sakit na Malaria
Maiiwasan ang sakit na malaria kung wala or kaunti ang
tinitirahan at pinanginitlugan ng Anopheles mosquito sa
isang lugar.



Ang Kwento


NARRATOR:

Isang araw sa isang liblib na barrio ng San Juan, Aligagang
aligaga si aling Maria sa pag aalaga sa kanyang anak na may
sakit ng dumating kanyang inaanak na nagnagnaglang elena na
katatapos lang ng kursong nursing.

RAMON: (umuungol patuloy ito hanggang sa katausan ng play)

ELENA: Ninang, kumustana po? Mayskit po pala ang igso ko na si
Ramon.

MARIA: Oo nga ineng, uso nga ito dito sa ating lugar, ung iba
nga eh lumalala pa ang kanilang kalagayan nakararamdam na rin
sila ng grabeng panlalamig,habang nilalagnat, ang kataka taka di
naman bumababa ang kanilang lagnat kahit grabeng magpawis, Diba
Mareng Lina? Lalo na nga sa kabilang baryo, maraami ng namatay
doon.

LINA: Totoo yan nini, iniisip nga naming nab aka pinarurusahan
na kami ng Dios kaya nya binigyan ng ganitong sakit ang mga tao
ditto sa ating lugar eh. Ang sama nga ng epekto sa mga pamilya
karamihan pa naman sa nagkakasakit ay mga bata at sanggol, meron
pa ngang kaso na pati buntis ay namatay.

RAMON: Nay MalamigPatuloy na pag ungol (Mahina at Nanginginig
na sinabi; Pinapahiran naman ng maligamgam na pamunas ng kanyang
ina)

ELENA : (nabigla) Ha! Bakit ngayon nyo lang poi to sinabi sa
akin! Mga sintomas po ng Malaria ang mga narinig ko nayan sa
inyo ah! Kelan pa po yan nangyari dito sa ating lugar? At Gaano
na po karami ang nagkasakit ng ganyan?

MARIA AT LINA: (Sabay, Nagugulumihan at mataas ang tono)
Malaria? Sigurado ka aba anak?

ELENA: Sa ngayon po mahirap sabihin na sigurado ako,pero meron
po kasing mga basehan kaya nasabi kong Malaria ang mga naging
sakit ng mga kalugar natin.

LINA: Paano ba masisigurado anak? Nakakatakot naman kasi ang
naturan mo.

ELENA: Yun nga po sana ang gusto kong sabihin, kailangan po
nating makasigurado dahil seryoso po ang bagay na ito. Teorya
lang naman po kasi ang kaya kung sabihin sa ngayon dahil wala po
tayong sapat na kagamitan dito para makasigurado.

MARIA AT LINA: (Sabay)Paano nga anak?

Elena: Kailangan po nating kumunsulta sa pinakamalapit na
ospital o Health Center dito sa atin. May mga kagamitan po kasi
silang makakapagsabi kung may malaria parasites ang dugo ng
isang tao, doon makakasigurado nap o tayo. Sana nga po
nagkakamali lang ako.

NARRATOR:
Matagal na rin palang nasa paligid sina Kapitan at ang ilan
sa mga myembro ng konseho nito, sumabat ito sa usapan nila.
Umuungol pa rin at nilalagnat si Ramon sa mga oras na ito.

KAPITAN: Magandang umaga po! pasensya na po, hindi po naming
sinasadyang mapakinggan ang usapan ninyo pero tama ka iha. Kaya
po kami naririto ay ipapaalam nga po sana naming sa inyo ang
tungkol sa sakit na Malariang ito na nakapambiktima sa ating
kababaryo.

KAGAWAD 1: Sana nga po ay nalaman namin ng mas maaga. Sana hindi
na namatay ang ilan nating kababaryo. Sa ngayon po nandito kami
para sa dalawang bagay; sabihing kailangan nyo na pong ipagamot
ang inyong anak sa bayan at..

NARRATOR: Hindi pa nakakatapos si kagawad ay sumabat na agad si
Aleng Lina.

LINA: Hah! Bakit po nakakahawa po ba ang Malaria? At kailangang
ipagamot agad si Ramon.

ELENA: (Pumasok sa usapan) Maaari pong sabihing ganon nay,
lamang hindi po ganon kasimple ang pagkahawa sa Malaria,
Kaiilangan ka munang kagatin ng lamok na kumagat din sa biktima.
Wag po kayong masyadong kabahan nay.

KAPITAN: Yun nga po ang gusto kong sabihin, yaman din lang naman
na nasabi na ni Elena; Lamok po ang dahilan ng pagkalat ng
Malaria, kaya kailangan din po nating maglinis ng kapaligiran
upang maiwasan ang pagdami ng lamok nayan.

LAHAT: Maaasahan po ninyo na susuporta kami sa inyo dyan.

KAGAWAD 2:(Kagawad on health) Mabuti naman po kung ganun,
magkita na lang po tayo sa barangay plaza sa lunes, doon po sa
atin ipapaliwanag ng mga health personels ang tungkul sa sakit
na Malaria at iba pang sakit na dahil sa lamok, pagkatapos ay
magkakaroon po tayo ng cleanliness drive pagkatapos.

ELENA: Mukha nga pong dapat na gawin yan, napansin ko nga po
pagkadating ko dito na marami ngang pwedeng bahayan at
pagparamihan ng lamok dito sa ating lugar; dahilan kaya
nagkaroon ng Malaria outbreak dito sa lugar natin.

KAPITAN: Sya nga pala Elena, ang alam ko kaga graduate mo lang
ng kursong Nursing; tamang tama. Pwede mob a kaming tulungan
para malampasan natin ang krisis pangkalusugan na ito sa ating
lugar? Hindi ka naman siguro babalik agad sa Maynila?

ELENA: Sige po maaasahan ninyo po ako.

KAPITAN: Salamat naman kung ganon iha. Sa ngayon kasi inatasan
kami ng Local Health Unit na tulungan ang mga kababaryo nating
Malaria inflicted para makapunta sa Health Center. Pwede ba
kitang I assign ma maguna sa operations na iyon?

ELENA: Opo naman, dapat nga pong maagapan na ang kondisyon ng
mga kababaryo natin sa lalong madaling panahon, at para hindi na
rin sila makagat ng mga lamok at maipasa sa iba pa.

NARRATOR: (Magbibigay ng huling pananalita tungkol sa napanood)

Mga kababayan, ang inyo pong natunghayan ay isang play na
idenesenyo upang magbigay kabatiran sa lahat Tungkol sa sakit na
Malaria. Ang sakit po na ito ay dahil sa mga microorganismong
Plasmodium na dala dala ng mga lamok na nasa uring Anopheles,

Gaya po ng inyong napanood, sila po ay nakatira sa maruming
kapaligiran, at masukal na lugar at nagpaparami naman sa
na tubig mga hindi gumagalaw at mabagal na gumagalaw na tubigan
sa mga nalililimang lugar. Kiti kiti po ang karaniwang tawag
nati sa mga nagiging lamok na ito.

Dahil dito, hinihingi po naming ang inyong tulong sa
paglilinis ng kapaligiran na isa pong epektibong paraan upang
maiwasan, kung di man tuluyang masugpo ang sakit na ito. Gayon
din, nais din po naming ipakiusap sa inyo na kung meron kayong
kilalang may sakit na Malaria ay dapat po natin silang ipagamot
sa lalong madaling panahon; ito po ay hindi lang upang mailigtas
po natin ang kanyang buhay, kundi dahil na rin upang maiwasan
natin ang pagkahawa sa naturang sakit na ayon sa inyong napanood
ay naipapasa sa pamamagitan ng pagkagat ng lamok sa biktima
patungo sa isa pang mabibiktima na maaaring magresulta ng
outbreak sa isang lugar.

Ang atin pong maagap na pagtugon sa mga bagay na ito ay
makakapagligtas ng ating buhay at gayon din sa ating mga
minamahal na kababayan.

**** (Sa pagkakataong ito ipakikilala ng Narrator ang mga
nagsganap, sasabihin ng lahat ang LAMOK PUKSAIN, KALUSUGAN
TIYAKIN, KAALAMAN PALAGANAPIN at pagkatapos ay mag ba bow sa
mga manonood)


Appendix 3.
Answer Key for Activity # 1


1. A 6. A
2. B 7. D
3. C 8. A
4. B 9. A
5. D 10. C