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BAR EXAM Answers

BAR EXAM Answers


Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
To my mind, the four year (or more) law study of a Bar
candidate is more than sufficient to at least hurdle the Bar,
if not top it. But that is on the assumption that the Bar
aspirant has been a diligent law student, meaning he/she
has religiously studied every subject of the course.
made this to be of help to law graduates who will be
ta!ing the Bar in the near future. "ll of them for sure !now
the law. "fter all, perhaps it would be safe to presume, that
they will not graduate if they did not deserve to. Ta!ing the
Bar and answering every #uestion given by the $onorable
Bar e%aminers are not based solely in !nowing the law.
thin! that you will agree with me that it is more of
HOW TO EFFECTIVELY CONVEY
to the e%aminer (thru the test boo!let answers) that the Bar
candidate !nows the applicable law and how should it be
properly applied in the given scenario. "ppropriate usage
of introductory words and statements are great factors, to
the point guess that it would appear that as if we !now
the law, when in truth and in fact,
we do not or that we have forgotten the same
&et's admit it, it is hard to !now all the answers in a given
Bar e%am. (ell, that is perfectly normal.
But do not ever get discouraged.
)amiliari*e yourself with these introductory lines+
"nswering the Bar will then flow smoothly as it should be.,
- Atty. Rey C. Tatad, Jr.
WHY READ THIS?
Imagine a test booklet with same introductory answer The law provides from
answer to question no. 1 to answer to the n
th
question. It is boring to read right? If you
are the one who will check such test booklet chances are your enthusiasm in
checking it might lessen as you go about the docket of booklets
!ence these useful introductory lines were culled from "upreme #ourt decided
cases and compiled for anybody$s consumption.
WHO MAY USE THIS?
%ustices & %udges 'I said may use ha I did not say they will (
)ar candidates
*aw students
#olleagues in the law profession
+nybody else who may want to
Page of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
REASON/S BEHIND THE LAW
1. The purpose of the law is,
-. The law is designed to,
.. It is intended to shield ,
/. It is primarily aimed at protecting 000000000000 from unwarranted 0000000000
5. Te rat!"#a$e %e!#d te $a& !'(
). Te '*!r!t "+ te $a& !' t" te e++e,t tat(
DE-INITION / E./LANATION
1. 0000000000000000 !' a ,"0*ree#'!1e ter0 2'ed t" de',r!%e 000000000.
3. 44444444444444444, !# !t' 5e#era$$y a,,e*ted 'e#'e, re+er' t" (.
.. , It is a safeguard and guarantee provided by the 1123 #onstitution..
/. , It is a kind of relief granted to a 00000000000000 by the ,
4. 0000000000000000 is a branch of public law 'or private law( which deals with..
5. It pertains to,
3. It connotes a ,.
2. , is a doctrine in 'i.e. #ivil *aw( which refers to,
1. , is a principle in 'i.e. #riminal *aw( which states that,
16. It presupposes,
11. Its principal identifying feature is..
1-. It is akin to,
1.. The function of which is to,
1/. The office of which is to,
ENUMERATION
6. I# ,a*'2$e +"r0, te +"$$"&!#5 are te e$e0e#t' "+ te ,r!0e "+
4444444444444
3. I# a #2t'e$$, te +"$$"&!#5 are te e$e0e#t' "+ te ,r!0e "+
4444444444444
7. Te +"$$"&!#5 e$e0e#t' are 5e#era$$y ,"#'!dered !# te deter0!#at!"# "+
te *re'e#,e "+ 8!.e. e0*$"yer-e0*$"yee re$at!"#'!*9
/. +mong the 'i.e. defenses&remedies( available to 'i.e. 7r. 8( as provided for
by&in the 'i.e. #ivil #ode( are9
'1(,
'-(,
4. The following are the requisites for,
5. In order that a case for 'i.e. ).:. --( to prosper the following elements must be
attendant&present9
:. T" ,"#'t!t2te 8!.e. "0!,!de9, te +"$$"&!#5 re;2!'!te' 02't ,"#,2r<
2. 'i.e. *egal compensation( requires the concurrence of the following conditions9
=. T" e'ta%$!' a *er'"#>' ,2$*a%!$!ty 2#der 8!.e. e'ta+a9, !t !' !#d!'*e#'a%$e
tat(
; Tips on answers that require enumerating something. 'i.e. elements(
If you can enumerate all write it in bulleted or numbered form to highlight the
fact that you know all of them and for more convenient<reading purposes.
'i.e. 1.
-.
..
Page * of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
If you cannot enumerate all write it in paragraph form so that it would not easily
be noticeable that you missed something.
( got the above tip from our mentor "tty. -afar &utian)
DISTINCTION
=hen being asked to distinguish do not state its definition. If you give its definition
you are in effect asking the e>aminer to e>tract out the differences of the two ?or more@
from your definition. Ao not also give their similarities. Bou are asked to differentiate
and contrast so similarities are not included (That was a tip learned from my
professor in .ivil &aw /eview , "tty. 0irgilio -esmundo).The number of distinctions
you will give must also be proportionate on the points allotted for such. If it is only worth
two points do not give 2 distinctions. The e>aminer cannot give you 2 points for that
. Cor a two point distinction question perhaps three would be enough 'four is not
too much(.
6. Te 8!.e. t&"9 0ay %e d!'t!#52!'ed +r"0 ea, "ter !# te +"$$"&!#5'
&ay'<
a.
%.
-. In the first it is necessary that there be,.. whereas in the second it is sufficient
that there be ,.
.. In the former , while in the latter,
/. The former requires , while the latter,
4. , on the other hand 00000000000000 is,
ANSWERIN? @UESTIONS WITH AA?UE -ACTS
8"r &!, re;2!re' ;2a$!+!,at!"#9
)ut if the facts are complete in itself do not attempt to add facts or assume anything.
1. =e must distinguish. If, 'or +s far as the 0000000000 is concerned(
-. It depends. If,'or +s far as the 0000000000 is concerned(
.. The question requires a qualified answer. If,
/. I will qualify. If,
4. Dn the assumption that,
5. 7y answer must be qualified.
JURISDICTION
6. Te ,a'e !' %ey"#d te a0%!t "+ te B2r!'d!,t!"# "+ te 8!.e. Re5!"#a$ Tr!a$
C"2rt9
3. It !' &!t!# te a0%!t "+ te 8!.e. Se,retary "+ La%"r>'9 *"&er.
.. It is not within the province of the 'i.e. 7unicipal Trial #ourt(
/. It is clearly within the powers of the 'i.e. *abor +rbiter( to,
4. The case of 'i.e. eEectment( lies with the 7unicipal Trial #ourt.
5. The case is cogniFable by the 'i.e. Gegional Trial #ourt(
3. The case is covered by the 'Gules on "ummary :rocedure(.
2. The law vests upon the 'i.e. "ecretary of %ustice( the power to,
Page ! of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
ELABORATIN?/E./OUNDIN? ANSWERS
Ho straight to the point. The length of answers and e>pounding the same must
always be proportionate to the points allotted for such particular question. The higher
the points the more in<depth the elaboration should be. !owever it must not appear
na nambobola !a na,. "ometimes if your answer is too long it is an indication that
you are not sure of the answer so there is that need of getting around the bush.
Gemember that most of the times 7DGI T+*J 7DGI 7I"T+JIKKK ( got this tip from
my professor in 1olitical &aw, 2ean 3ariano ). 3agsalin, 4r.)
5. It should be borne in mind that,
6. It must be noted that,
7. It may be recalled that,
8. It is worth observing,
9. It must be taken into consideration that,
:. 7ore importantly ,.
;. "ignificantly,
<. #orollarily,
=. Curthermore,
5>. 7oreover,
55. "imilarly,
56. :arenthetically,
57. In other words,
58. Dtherwise stated,
59. "imply put,
5:. "imply stated,
5;. "tated more concretely,
5<. The reasons are obvious. 'e>pound(
5=. The reasons are well<known. 'e>pound(
6>. The reasons are plain. 'e>pound(
65. Lnder the same line of reasoning,
66. +s regards,
67. =ith regard to, (it is error to state with regards to,)
68. +nent the 'i.e. first issue(,
69. +s far as the 0000000000000000 is concerned,
6:. This is indicated by the fact that,
6;. The language of the law leaves no room for doubt that,
6<. %ustice and fair<play dictates that,
6=. +pplying the principle of,.
30. -"r a$$ !t' ,"#,eded 0er!t', 8!.e. e;2!ty !' a1a!$a%$e !# te a%'e#,e "+ $a&
a#d #"t a' !t' re*$a,e0e#t9(
75. The law is categorical with regard to,
76. Motwithstanding the, 'i.e. e>ecution of the document(
77. It is beyond debate that,
78. It is imperative to look at,
79. This is consistent with the time<honored ma>im 'i.e. nullum crimen nulla poena
sine lege(.
7:. +s it is imbued with public interest,
7;. In like manner
Page + of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
7<. In the same manner
7=. In the same vein
8>. In the same breath
85. *ikewise..
86. In fine
43. It %ear' art!,2$at!#5 tat
88. The controlling element in the 'i.e. crime of estafa( is,
89. )y analogy,
46. S2++!,e !t t" 'tate tat..
47. E0*a'!' 02't a$'" %e *$a,ed at(
8<. 7anifestly there was 'i.e. grave abuse of discretion amounting to lack or
e>cess of Eurisdiction(
8=. Meedless to stress that,
9>. It goes without saying that
95. Te S2*re0e C"2rt +r"&#' 2*"# te 'i.e. illegal practice of forum shopping
as it erodes the administration of Eustice and makes a mockery of the Eustice
system(.
96. There is no denying in this case that 'i.e. the petitioner never raised the issue
of Eurisdiction throughout the entire proceedings in the trial courtN case of TiEam
vs. "ibonghanoy(
97. It is now too late in the day for the respondent&defendant to 'i.e. raise the issue
of ,(
98. Iqually telling is the 'i.e. factual finding of the lower court( that,
99. The gravamen of the 'i.e. the crime of rebellion is an armed public uprising
against the government(
9:. It cannot be denied that 'i.e. the petitioner is also guilty of negligence(,
9;. +ttention must be drawn to the fact that,
9<. 00000000000 and 000000000000 are two mutually e>clusive remedies. +n
application of one precludes the application of the other.
9=. To amplify,
:>. It must be pointed out that,
:5. Motably,
:6. +t the outset the 'i.e. defendant(,
63. C"0!#5 #"& t" te !''2e "+ 8!.e. *re',r!*t!"#9,(
CITIN? LAW /ROAISIONS
6. N" $e'' ta# te 8!.e. 6=C: C"#'t!t2t!"#9 *r"1!de' +"r te(
-. The 'i.e. Gules of #ourt( substantially provides in part that,
.. Lnder the broad principles of 'i.e. due process clause(,
/. Lnder the all<encompassing doctrine of 'i.e. incontestability clause(,
4. Lnder the law,
5. +ccording to the 'i.e. Camily #ode(,
3. The law is e>plicit on the matter.
2. The law e>plicitly e>presses in part that,
1. )y e>press provision of law,
16. )y operation of law,
11. +s a matter of law,
1-. =orth remembering is the rule on 000000000000000 which provides in part
that,
Page , of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
1.. De,!'!1e "# te 0atter !' te *ert!#e#t *r"1!'!"# "+ te 'i.e. *aw on
:roperty(
1/. The law prescribes certain rules on,
14. )y legislative fiat,
@UOTIN? SU/REME COURT DECISIONS
6. Te S2*re0e C"2rt !# "#e ,a'e, ad te ",,a'!"# t" r2$e tat(
-. In a long<line of cases decided by the "upreme #ourt it has always been
'consistently( held that,
.. In a litany of cases decided by the "upreme #ourt
/. In a long<string of cases decided by the highest court of the land
4. +ccording to several cases decided by the "upreme #ourt,
5. In a series of cases decided by the "upreme #ourt
; Ao not use the words series litany or long<line if there is only one
decision&Eurisprudence for that topic.
3. In one case decided by the highest court of the land it was held that
2. In one case the "upreme #ourt ruled that
1. It has been said that,
16. In a recent case the "upreme #ourt has laid to rest the issue of whether or
not,
11. It is well settled in this Eurisdiction,
1-. It is well settled in this country,
67. Te S2*re0e C"2rt a' 'tead+a't$y adered t" te d",tr!#e &!, 'tate'
tat
1/. In a case with similar facts the "upreme #ourt ruled that,
14. In several notable "upreme #ourt decisions the highest court declared that,
15. The "upreme #ourt has often stressed that,
6:. I# te $a#d0arD ,a'e "+ 4444444444444, 8!+ te ,a'e !' '" +a0"2'9 te
S2*re0e C"2rt $a!d d"&# te d",tr!#e &!, '2%'ta#t!a$$y *r"1!de' tat(
12. In the leading case of ,
11. +s enunciated by the "upreme #ourt in one case,
-6. The court has repeatedly ruled,
-1. + case in point is a case already decided by no other than the highest court of
the land where the "upreme #ourt held that,
--. There is likewise an array of cases in this Eurisdiction where the "upreme #ourt
has consistently declared that,
37. Dee*$y r""ted !' te B2r!'*r2de#,e &!, *r"1!de' tat(
3E. I# "#e ,a'e, te S2*re0e C"2rt &a' e0*at!, &e# !t r2$ed tat(.
EM/HASIFIN? CASE DOCTRINES / JURIS/RUDENCE
1. It is hornbook doctrine in 'i.e. #ivil *aw( that,
-. Immortal is the rule that,
.. =ell settled is the rule,
/. We$$ e#tre#,ed !' te *r!#,!*$e tat..
4. Ilementary is the rule that..
5. The cardinal rule in 'i.e. labor law( is that
3. It is a familiar canon in 'i.e. political law( that
2. )y well settled public law,
Page - of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
1. )asic is the rule in 'i.e. #riminal *aw(,
16. It is an elementary principle in,
11. It is a fundamental doctrine in,
1-. =ell accepted is the rule that,
1.. It is a>iomatic in 'i.e. #ivil *aw( that
1/. E#'r!#ed !# te 6=C: C"#'t!t2t!"# !' te r2$e tat 'i.e. no person shall be
deprived of life liberty or property without due process of law(
14. #onsonant with the rule on,
15. It is a recogniFed doctrine in 'i.e. #ivil law( that,
13. It is a basic tenet in 'i.e. #ommercial *aw(
12. #onsistent with current Eurisprudence
11. It is a legal presumption born of wisdom and e>perience that 'i.e. official duty
has been regularly performedN that the proceedings of a Eudicial tribunal are
regular and valid and that Eudicial acts and duties have been and will be duly
and properly performed. The burden of proving irregularity in official conduct is
on the part of the petitioners.(
-6. It is an oft<repeated rule that,
-1. The :hilippines adhere to the principle of,
RE-ERRIN? BACG TO THE CASE
8,"rre$at!#5 te +a,t' &!t te $a&/B2r!'*r2de#,e9
Mote9 In my personal opinion it is not proper to use the statements in the case at
bench, or in the case at bar, when answering. +lthough I guess it is very tempting
because it sounds good and professional to state in the case at bar&bench we must
not forget that the cases given in the )ar are only theoretical. The statements in the
case at bench and in the case at bar are more appropriately used in pleadings in
court. +fter all you can use the statements In the instant case, In the facts given, In
the !"#$e% given an& In the '(esti"n !esente&.)
1. +pplying the said law&doctrine in the instant case
-. Crom the facts given noteworthy is the ,
.. Crom the facts of the case it is readily observable that,
/. In the instant case it may be observed that,
4. It is crystal clear from the facts presented that 'i.e. the crime of treason( is
present 'or was committed(.
5. In the present case it is immediately noticeable that the element of
0000000000 is wanting 'or lacking(.
3. Lnder the circumstances the proper remedy would be,
2. The case obtaining indicates a case of 'i.e. ).:. --(
1. It logically follows,
16. It goes without saying,
11. Iven assuming arguendo for the sake of argument that,
1-. The situation in the case at hand,
1.. The situation presented evinces a case of...
1/. The facts sufficiently indicated ,
14. In the given facts it is immediately apparent that,
15. It is evident that,
13. In the same token,
12. Lnder the facts stated in the problem,
Page . of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
11. In the case under consideration,
-6. =orth stressing is the fact that
-1. =orth emphasiFing is the fact that
--. The facts would reveal that,
-.. + careful perusal of the facts of the case would reveal that,
-/. + careful scrutiny of the actuations of the accused would reveal that,
-4. + careful reading of the 'i.e. Aeed of +bsolute "ale( would reveal that,
-5. + cursory e>amination of the,
ANSWERIN? IN THE /OSITIAE
6. Te *et!t!"# !' 0er!t"r!"2'.
-. The contention has legal basis.
.. The case will prosper.
/. The argument is proper.
4. The provision is perfectly applicable.
5. The action is tenable.
3. The motion should be granted.
2. The %udge is correct.
=. Te *et!t!"# !' !0*re''ed &!t 0er!t.
16. Bes. It is a 'i.e. patent violation( of the
11. There is merit in the petition.
1-. The petitioner$s contention is sustainable.
ANSWERIN? IN THE NE?ATIAE
6. Te ,"#te#t!"# d"e' #"t "$d &ater.
-. =ith all due respect to the Eudge his decision is apparently erroneous or is not
in accord with law and e>isting Eurisprudence.
7. Te ,"#te#t!"# !' t"ta$$y 0!'*$a,ed.
/. It is now too late in the day to raise the issue of,
4. The petition is not meritorious.
5. The evidence presented deserves scant consideration.
3. The contention has no legal basis.
C. Te ar520e#t !' %ere+t "+ 0er!t.
=. Te *et!t!"# !' de1"!d "+ 0er!t.
16. :etitioner$s reliance on the 'i.e. doctrine of,( is inappropriate. The doctrine of
, does not apply in cases where & of,
11. It is a futile gesture on the part of the respondent to invoke the rule on,
1-. The theory&argument has no ground to stand upon.
1.. The contention has no leg with which to stand on.
1/. The position of the petitioner runs counter with the doctrine of,
14. The case will not prosper.
15. The case is not tenable.
13. The act of the accused in, is of no moment.
12. The assertion lacks substance.
11. The decision is erroneous.
-6. The court cannot countenance the 'i.e. inconsistent postures of the petitioner(
Page / of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
-1. The testimony that, cannot be given credence.
--. The evidence presented has no probative value.
-.. The allegation is belied by the fact that,
-/. To put it otherwise would be to render the law on 0000000000000 useless&futile.
-4. The actuations of the accused in 'i.e. fleeing and hiding( negates 'i.e.
innocence(
-5. =hile it is true that 000000000000000 is a 'i.e. constitutional guaranteed right
of a person( it does not however mean,
-3. It is not correct to say that,
-2. It is not proper to state that,
-1. It is not accurate to conclude outright that,
.6. + contrary conclusion would erode the rule that provides in part that,
.1. To sustain the contention would be to render the law on 000000000000
nugatory.
.-. It would be absurd and incongruous to sustain the argument that,
... It is not enough that,
./. The fact that , is immaterial since,
.4. The fact that , is irrelevant since,
.5. In itself mere ,, is not sufficient 'i.e. to warrant conviction(,.
.3. The petitioner cannot give any additional meaning to the clear and plain
language of the law.
.2. The "upreme #ourt in several cases has struck down the 'i.e. defense of alibi(
.1. The attendant circumstances of the case are contrary to the petitioner$s
assertion.
/6. The evidence does not support the theory of the petitioners.
/1. There is no cogent reason to disturb the ruling of the 'i.e. #ourt of +ppeals(
/-. The claim for 'i.e. moral damages( must necessarily fail.
/.. The 'i.e. respondent( cannot rely on 'i.e. mere alibis( to aid his cause.
CONCLUDIN? WORDS
6. -r"0 te 5a02t "+ e1!de#,e "# a#d, !t ,a# %e 5atered/ded2,ed tat,(
-. Taken all together,
.. Cinally ,
/. !ence ,
4. Therefore ,
5. Crom the foregoing it can be deduced that there is really 'i.e. a violation of,(
3. Crom the foregoing it is now safe to conclude that,.
2. *astly ,
1. #onsequently,
16. +s a necessary consequence,
11. The logical implication is that,
63. At a#y rate,(
67. I# 1!e& "+ te +"re5"!#5,(
1/. +s an inevitable conclusion,
14. In the light of the circumstances,
15. Lndoubtedly,
13. Indubitably,
6C. C$ear$y, te ,a'e at a#d +a$$' ';2are$y &!t!# te *2r1!e& "+(
11. Oerily he&she has committed,
Page 0 of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
3H. -"r t!'/te'e rea'"#/', !t !' 2#a1"!da%$e t" ,"#,$2de tat(
-1. )ased on the facts obtaining,
--. In this light,
-.. This being the case,
-/. #learly therefore applying the aforecited ruling in the case at hand,
-4. In light of the foregoing it is beyond cavil 'doubt( that,
-5. There is no doubt that,
-3. T" te 2#*reB2d!,ed 0!#d, te a,t2at!"#' "+ te tree, &e# a#a$yIed a#d
taDe# t"5eter, $ead' t" #" "ter ,"#,$2'!"# eJ,e*t tat 'i.e. conspiracy
among them e>isted(
-2. Inescapably therefore,
3=. A$$ t!#5' ,"#'!dered,(
.6. It follows therefore that,
.1. +s a logical result,
.-. In sum..
... In view of the fact that,
./. +ll told,
.4. Hiven the prevailing facts,
7). Ha1!#5 'tated te +"re5"!#5 *re0!'e',(
.3. Dne final point,
.2. +ccordingly,
MY /ERSONAL ADAICE -OR -UTURE BAR CANDIDATES
DURIN? THE REAIEW
+lways pray before and after studying.
Turn off your cellular phones. 'Turn it on only during your break(. 7ost or a
significant part of our time reviewing is sometimes spent on non<sense 'or not so
important( te>ting<replying<te>ting<replying. There is a time for everything. )ut when
you review avoid interruptions. #ellular phone believe me is one of the maEor
interruptions. +lthough it is hard why not sacrifice a little for the sake of being a
lawyer.
)elieve in yourself. If you will not then who do you e>pect would believe in you.
'Tip from ?ir Bubut .ayco)
#hoose a study buddy if you want. )ut sometimes it is better that you do not have
one. 7ore study buddies more interruptions (more !wento). =ithout you knowing
it tapos na araw or ?eptember na,.
)efore starting your review be sure that the tension has already subsided.
'"pecifically starting the month of %uly when tensions really soars high for most )ar
candidates( )ear in mind that we can comprehend more if we are in a rela>ed state
of mind.
"et your own pace. Ao not compare your pace with others 'like asking others
ilang reading !a na@,) This is not a rat race. Puality reading 'studying&reviewing
actually( is what is needed. )ar does not dwell on the amount of pages&books you
have read it is more of how much you have mastered.
Ao not memoriFe without comprehending. =hen mental block occurs you cannot
recall even a single thing. 7oreover in applying the law in a given theoretical case
problem for sure you can hardly answer the same if you have memoriFed without
understanding.
Page 1 of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
Ao not highlight the entire reviewer "ometimes the problem with highlighting is
that it becomes our security blanket that we have read and understood what we
have read. )ut more often we have not.
=hen you have a query or some matters in mind that needs clarification Eust write
it in a piece of paper pag marami na ask it to a professor you believe is competent
in that field. Aon$t ask your co<barristers. It might only end in a debate and waste of
time when no reliable answer is concluded. Gemember time is precious during the
pre<bar review.
"et one day for recreations alone. It could reEuvenate your energy and create
hunger for review the following day.
+ttend to the needs of your entire being. :hysically mentally emotionally and
spiritually. This will also help you avoid being e>hausted in the review.
Take vitamins and take your meals on time.
BE-ORE THE BAR E.AM /RO/ER
7ake sure you have enough and complete sleep. + well rested mind can answer
and articulate better.
:ray
Geview the material you personally believe is a good last minute tip for you.
#ompose yourself your mind heart and spirit. Cocus on the e>am alone and not on
the fear of failing. "top or reduce your tension. Tension is normal as long as it is at
a moderate level. +fter all you will already be taking the bar no turning back. "o
might as well do your best. +nd you can only perform well if you are in a composed
mind and heart. 'I suggest you close your eyes. Inhale then e>hale as you count
one to ten. It might help(
)oost your confidence by telling yourself =alang 'your surname( na di magaling.
Dr tell yourself =hat kind of celebration will I do if I top or at least pass the bar? at
least you might laugh kahit kabado
DURIN? THE BAR E.AM /RO/ER
I suggest that before answering formulate on your mind what will be placed on
your first second and third paragraphs. The first paragraph normally contains a
one<sentence direct to the point answer to the question. The second paragraph
commonly contains legal basis 'provision of law in point Eurisprudence co<relation
of the Eurisprudence&provision with the facts of the case and application(. Third
paragraph normally contains the conclusion. =hen you are already decided of your
answer write it according to your thoughts. In this approach you will not only be
avoiding unnecessary revisions and erasures you will also maintain the cleanliness
of your booklet. )ear in mind that a dirty booklet is irritating to the eyes of the
person checking the same.
+llocate the time depending on the number of questions.
+nswer each question one at a time. Cocus on one question before thinking or
bothering yourself of the succeeding questions.
Ao not stay in a number for so long. *eave at least a sheet for a 4point question.
Ho to the ne>t number if you do not know the answer. If I am not mistaken more
than one '1( bar candidate had not succeeded because of stocking himself & herself
in an item he&she does not know the answer of. +s a necessary result he&she failed
to finish the e>am. +s one of my friends told me Ao matter how grossly wrong
your answer may be, do not ever leave an item unanswered. 3alay mo, may points
Page of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
for the effort/in! Bidding aside, a blan! sheet will surely get an automatic > point.
?o better answer all.,
Aon$t blame yourself or don$t panic if you failed to answer an item or two. It$s
perfectly normal. =hat is abnormal is if you failed to answer questions that you
know the answer of Eust because you bothered&blamed yourself so much on the
items you don$t know. In short if you failed to finish the e>am.
+s my professor +tty. Crancis "ababan told us before mga bata avoid passing
your booklet too early. The time allocated for each subEect may be too much but it
must be used wisely to9 '1( write legibly '-( compose your answers properly '.(
avoid erasures '/( observe proper margin and '4( review your answers. +fter all
there are no priFes for early finishers.
A-TER A BAR SUBJECT 8OR ENTIRE BAR E.AM9
Ao not discuss answers. It is futile because the booklets had already been
submitted and it could greatly affect your performance for the remaining subEects. If
your noble reason on asking about the answers is for you to know the same I
suggest that you wait until the e>am results have been already released. Cor self<
preservation reasons for sure you will be an>ious and fearful if you would discover
that you have incurred 'Eust for e>ample( 16 mistakes.
IMP2R#A3# REMI3'ER I3 A345ERI36
If you are so sure of the answer you can directly answer yes or no. )ut if you
are Eust guessing or not so sure of the answer you better start citing law provisions and
Eurisprudence first.
*ogic behind9 If you answer yes or no and it happened to be wrong chances
are you will get an automatic QIGD '6( for that item. The e>aminer might not read your
answer anymore. #ome to think of it it would be a waste of his time reading
e>planation of a wrong answer. )esides there are so many booklets to check.
Dn the other hand if you cite the law provisions and Eurisprudence first
eventhough your yes or no answer placed in the last paragraph&sentence is wrong you
might get some credit. 'The e>aminer might say may alam tong batang to nalito
lang(. Cinally at least the e>aminer has read all your answer and e>planation before
grading you for that item.
Page * of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus
BAR EXAM Answers
BAR EXAM Answers
Useful Introductory Lines
Useful Introductory Lines
(May also be used in preparing pleadings)
CARDINAL RULES IN TAKING THE BAR
Ao not forget your test permits "upreme #ourt color coded Identification
card and other pertinent documents&things as required in the letter coming
from the "# allowing you to take the )ar.
)ring a watch with you to keep you updated of the time left.
Mever be tempted to cheat.
Jeep your focus.
#arefully read and comprehend the instructions and questions.
+nswer one at a time.
+nswer straight to the point.
)e responsive to the question. +nswer only what is being asked. Though it is
tempting to showcase your knowledge do not over<elaborate.
+void erasures.
Ao not hurry at the e>pense of substance 'and readability( of your answers.
*eave a space before starting a new paragraph.
Geview your answers. "can your booklet before submitting the same. )e sure
you have not left any question unanswered.
)ring e>tra sign&fountain pens.
Dbserve proper margin.
DISCLAIMERKKK
This is only a guide material and will not and cannot assure anyone of passing
or even topping the )+G. =hat is assured only is that it will greatly facilitate the
candidates$ presentation of his&her answers.
- - - - - - - - G O O D L U C K ! ! ! - - - - - - - -
Atty. Reynulfo C. Tatad, Jr.
September 2006 Bar Exam Passer
Page ! of !
By" A##$% RE$ &% #A#A'( )R%
Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines Cavite Chapter
Former Chairman, Order of the Flaming Arrows (Arellano Law
!an Beda College "rad#ate ($igh !%hool &''()&''* and College &''*)(+++
Original Arellano ,niversit- !%hool of Law st#dent ((++&)(++*
Former O.%er, Arellano Law !ingers
Member, !arong Banggi
Comments are ver- m#%h wel%omed/ 0o# %an rea%h me at
re-1tatad2r3-ahoo/%om
Ut in omnibus, glorificetur deus