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# 8th Grade Technology Exam Review Document

DIRECTIONS:
Ditrict Technology exam i the wee! o" #une \$%
th
& '(\$\$)
*E RE+D,-
.+/E ure you have thee anwer correct "or your '((
0t- I will collect 1e"ore you ta!e the exam next wee!-
Than! you-

Ex0ected4Deired Outcome o" thi new technology5 Get
in"ormation "rom the Internet& Communication device&
Deigning 2roduct etc6)
3nex0ected43ndeired Outcome o" thi new technology5
1ullying etc6)
S!etching \$(\$9
What is an orthogra0hic4three9view !etch? Draw an example on the
graph paper provided setting the front, top, and right side views in the
appropriate loations :ee exam0le on 1oard);
!"#"#\$"! T%&'( <oo! at the le"t drawing thi i how you
line u0 and la1el your orthogra0hic !etch --- Remem1er
the detail you need to "ollow 0leae)
Dimenion how99 SI=E >
<OC+TION on drawing)
Electronic \$(\$
Draw a erie circuit. Draw a 0arallel circuit.
?hat i the di@erence 1etween thee two
circuit?
&f one light goe out in a 0arallel circuit what happens to
the rest?
The other tay on due to the other 0ath "or electron to
Aow
Term to !now:
INBOR.+TION4CO..3NIC+TION TECCNO<OG,
Word )roessing- 0rogram we ue to create
document
*+D- Com0uter +ided Deign
&nput devies- moue& !ey1oard& 3S*& Blahdrive&
D7D
,utput devies- monitor& 0ea!er& 0rinter
'preadsheet- organi8e in"ormation into column and
row
Database- 0rogram ued to collect in"ormation
a1out many to0ic& 0eo0le& 1uying ha1it&
in"ormation5555
%ardware- hard drive& mother1oard& C23& "an&
!ey1oard
'oftware- 0rogram we ue to o0erate the "unction
o" a com0uter
'earh engine- Google& *ING& ,ahoo& Chrome etc-
2C,SIC+<4.+N3B+CT3RING TECCNO<OG,9 SEE C<+SS ?E*
<IN/
SE7EN RESO3RCES OB TECCNO<OG, - ".+#)/"' ,0 "+*%--
1.)
People: create, design, consume, technology. They provide labor, make the policies that
promote technology.
All systems involve people (except for those systems which occur in nature.
!apital: money
"xamples of !apital include money, land, building, taxes, stocks, bonds, e#uipment, and other
forms of wealth.
Tool \$ %achines:
Tools: extend the natural capabilities of people and are used to process and maintain other
resources in systems.
%achines: change the amount, speed or direction of a force and like tools are used to process
Time: Time is one of the hardest resources to work with. &ince time cannot be sped up or
slowed down, people have learned that they need to manage and plan.
'nformation ( data. 'n a system, information is needed to tell us what to do
and how to do it.
%aterials( Physical ob)ects used in a system (wood, water, iron, oil, sand
"nergy: the capacity for doing work. "nergy takes many forms (thermal,
electrical, mechanical and comes from many sources (solar, muscle, chemical,
nuclear.
Systems Review 101
8
th
Mrs. ailey!"lar
An o#en!loo# system is a system that requires a command or input to operate each time.
A closed!loo# system is a system that is self controlled or operates automatically such as a home heating
system. A typical closed-loop system is shown below.
\$n#%t:
&'(T )*+ &(,T T'E S)STEM T* D*
"om#are-(D.+ST:
"*M/(RES T'E *+T/+T T* T'E \$,/+T 0 M(1ES (D.+STME,TS &'E, ,EEDED
/rocess:
RES*+R"ES (RE /R*"ESSED T* ("'\$E2E RES+3TS
*%t#%t:
T'E ("T+(3 *+T/+T *F ( S)STEM
Monitor4
SE,S*R &'\$"' ME(S+RES *+T/+T *F ( S)STEM
\$n#%t
/rocess
"om#ar
e0
(d5%st
*%t#%t
Monitor
/ro6lem 78: Check the box that defines the gien system.
!leator closed-loop open-loop
"raffic #ight closed-loop open-loop
Computer closed-loop open-loop
\$encil %harpener closed-loop open-loop
%treet #ights closed-loop open-loop
E9(M/3E o: "losed 3oo#;;; "om#onents o:
a home heating system4
\$n#%t: %et the thermostat to the desired room temperature
"om#are-(d5%st: "hermostat compares room temperature to desired temperature. &f room is
colder than desired' it turns on the furnace. &f room is warm enough or warmer' it turns off the
furnace.
/rocess: (uel is burned and air is heated then pushed out of furnace.
*%t#%t: )arm Air
Monitor: "emperature of the room.
More<<TERMS To 1,*&4
*esearch and +eelopment-- 3earn and ma=e 6etter
,arketing-- (dvertise a #rod%ct :or #%rchase
,anufacturing -- 'igh #rod%ction- mass #rod%ction o: goods
%eparating \$rocess -- "%tting> drilling> sanding<etc
(orming \$rocess -- Molding a #rod%ct %sing a :orm
Combining \$rocess-- Gl%e> nails> screws> ta#e
Central \$rocessing -nit-- "/+! rain o: the "om#%ter
%ketch -- ?%ic= ro%gh drawing
\$rototype-- The :irst wor=ing model or version o: a #rod%ct
.rthographic +rawing--Drawing that shows only two dimensions o: each #lane o: an o65ect
.ptimi/ation-- Modi:y a #rod%ct ETTER
*esistor-- (ny #art o: a circ%it that %ses the electricity> ie. 3ights> 6%@@ers> com#%ter>
\$hoto cell-- /rocesses light and converts it to energy
%ensor-- Detects motion> so%nd> light<.
Compression--A #ressing-#%shing force
"ension-- ( #%lling :orce
%hear0 "orsion-- Twisting :orces
!olution of "echnology TE3E/'*,E;;;; String 0 "%#> !A Telegra#h> !A Rotary /hone> Dial +# /hone>!
A "ell%lar /hone> Mo6ile> !A Smart /hones
!lectricity -- The :low o: electrons