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PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014

STUDENTSS COPY
KNOWLEDGE LEVEL
1. Diagram 1 shows the structure of a cell as seen under an electron microscope.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan struktur satu sel yang diperhatikan di a!ah mikr"sk"p elektr"n#
Diagram 1
(a) (i) Name the type of the cell.
Namakan jenis sel terseut#

[1 mark]
(ii) State one reason for your answer in a (i)
Nyatakan satu sea agi ja!apan yang dinyatakan dalam $a% $i%#
............
........
[1 mark]
(i) Name the structures laeled !" # and $.
Namakan struktur erlael P& ' dan R#
! % ...............................
# % .........
$ % ..
[& marks]
'. Diagram 1 shows the different stages which take place during cell di(ision.
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 1
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Rajah 1 menunjukkan peringkat erlainan yang erlaku semasa pemahagian sel#
) *
+ N
D,-.$-+ 1
Rajah 1
a (i) Name the cell di(ision shown in Diagram 1.
Namakan pemahagian sel yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 1#

...
[ 1 mark ]
(ii) Name the stages laelled ) and N/
Namakan peringkat yang dilaelkan seagai ( dan N)

) %

N %
[' marks ]
&.Diagram '(a) shows a plant cell. Diagram '() shows the same plant cell that has een placed
in solution * for 10 minutes.
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 2
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Rajah +$a% menunjukkan satu sel tumuhan# Rajah +$% menunjukkan sel tumuhan yang
sama selepas diletakkan dalam larutan * selama 1, minit#
Diagram '
Rajah +
(a)Name the process that caused the changes in (a).
Namakan pr"ses yang menyeakan peruahan di $a%#
...............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
1. Diagram ' shows a nitrogen cycle.
Rajah + menunjukkan satu kitar nitr"gen#
Diagram '
Rajah +
(a) (i) Name the process 2 and 3.
Namakan pr"ses * dan Y#
2 % ..
3 % ...
[' marks]
(ii) Name the compound 4.
Namakan seatian -#

BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 3
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014

[1 mark]
(iii) Name the microorganisms in(ol(ed in process 3.
Namakan mi.r""rganisma yang terliat dalam pr"ses Y#
.
[1 mark]
5. Diagram 1 shows a longitudinal section of a human heart.
Rajah / menunjukkan keratan ujur jantung manusia#
Diagram 1
Rajah /
a (i) 6n Diagram 1" lael the following parts %
Pada Rajah /& laelkan ahagian0ahagian yang erikut 1
*eft (entricle 7 2entrikel kiri
8icuspid (al(e 7 3njap ikuspid
!ulmonary artery 7 4rteri pulm"nary
(ii) Draw a series of arrows to show the flow of o9ygenated lood into the heart and out of the
heart.
5ukiskan satu siri anak panah untuk menunjukkan aliran darah er"ksigen masuk dan
keluar dari jantung#
:ND;$S<-ND,N. *;=;*
1. Diagram &.1 shows a section through human al(eolus .
Diagram 6#1 menunjukkan suatu ahagian al7e"lus manusia #
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 4
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Diagram &.1
Rajah 6#1
(a) 8ased on the Diagram &.1" e9plain two adaptations of the al(eolus to increase its
effecti(eness in respiratory gaseous e9change.
8erdasarkan pada Rajah 6#1& terangkan dua penyesuaian al7e"lus untuk meningkatkan
ke.ekapannya dalam pertukaran gas respirasi#
...............................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
[' marks]
() Diagram &.' shows the flow chart in the regulation of the caron dio9ide concentration in the
ody fluid.
Rajah 6#+ menunjukkan .arta alir dalam penga!alaturan kepekatan kar"n di"ksida dalam
endalir adan#
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 5
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Diagram &.'
Rajah 6#+
Name the structures $ and S. Descrie the function of structure elow %
Namakan struktur R dan S# 9uraikan :ungsi struktur terseut 1
(i) $ % ................................................................................
Description% ..............................
.......
[' marks]
(ii) S % ..
Description% ...........
.......
[' marks]
'. Diagram 1.1 shows a human digesti(e system.
Rajah /#1 menunjukkan sistem pen.ernaan manusia#
Diagram 1.1
Rajah /#1
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 6
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
(a) ;9plain what happen to a food with high protein content at 3 if organ 2 is damaged.
Terangkan apa yang terjadi kepada pen.ernaan makanan yang tinggi kandungan pr"tein
di Y jika "rgan * r"sak#
...................
...................
[' marks]
() Diagram 1.' shows the fine pro>ection structure which can e oser(ed from cross
section of < .
Rajah /#+ menunjukkan struktur unjuran halus yang dapat diperhatikan daripada
keratan rentas #
Diagram 1.'
Rajah /#+
(i) ;9plain how the structure in Diagram 1.' is adapted to carry it?s function .
Terangkan agaimana struktur pada Rajah /#+ disesuaikan untuk menjalankan
:ungsinya #
.................

............................
..............................................
[' marks]
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 7
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
&. Diagram shows a human foetus in his mother?s uterus.
Rajah menunjukkan :etus manusia di dalam uterus iu#
Diagram
Rajah
;9plain why the foetus has a separate lood circulatory system from his mother.

.
.
..
..
[' marks]
1. Diagram 1.1 shows the release of gas 2 from El"dea sp. through photosynthesis.
Rajah /#1 menunjukkan pemeasan gas * dari El"dea sp# melalui :"t"sintesis#
(a) (i) Name gas 2. Namakan gas *#

[ 1 mark ]
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 8
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
() ;9plain riefly how gas 2 in (a)(i) is produced.
Terangkan dengan ringkas agaimana gas * di $a%$i% dihasilkan#
......................................................................................................................
............................... ......................................................................................
............................................................ .........................................................
........................................................................................... ..........................
......................................................................................................................
....
[' marks]
5. Diagram '.1 shows the changing process in an aandoned mining pond.
Rajah +#1 menunjukkan pr"ses peruahan yang erlaku dalam seuah k"lam teriar#
() # is a successor to ! plants. Descrie the role of # as a successor plant.
' adalah penyesar pada tumuhan P# Terangkan agaimana ' erperanan seagai
tumuhan
penyesar. .....................................................................................................................................
........................... ..........................................................................................................................
................. ....................................................................................................................................
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 9
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
................. ....................................................................................................................................
..................
[ & marks ]
APPLICATION LEVEL
1. Diagram '.' and '.& show the condition of two plants which are added with fertili@er. <he
plant in Diagram '.& is added with e9cess fertili@er. ;9plain the condition of the plant in
Diagram '.&.
Rajah +#+ dan +#6 menunjukkan keadaa dua atang p"k"k yang disiram dengan aja#
P"k"k dalam Rajah +#6 disiram dengan aja yang erleihan# Terangkan keadaan p"k"k
dalam Rajah +#6#
Diagram '.' Diagram '.&

....
[& marks]
'.
8ased on the ao(e statement descrie how endocrine system is in(ol(ed in the Afight and
flight? situation.
8erdasarkan penyataan di atas& huraikan agaimana sistem end"krin terliat dalam situasi
;la!an dan lari#
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 10
- dog suddenly arks and chases you. 3our hearteat increases and your palms
ecome sweaty. 3ou feel so scared and run away.
Seek"r anjing tia0tia menyalak dan mengejar anda# Degupan jantung anda
meningkat dan tapak tangan anda erpeluh# 4nda merasa amat takut dan terus
melarikan diri#
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014

[1 marks]
&. Diagram & shows an e9periment to determine the energy (alues of a peanut and a dried
prawn.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk menentukan nilai tenaga satu iji ka.ang
tanah dan seek"r udang kering
Diagram &
Rajah 6
,n this e9periment" '0 cm
&
of distilled water is used and '.0 g of peanut and 1.B g of
dried prawn is urnt. <he initial and final temperature of water is shown in <ale 1
elow.
Dalam eksperimen ini &+, .m
6
air suling digunakan dan +#, g ka.ang tanah dan 1#< g
udang kering diakar# Suhu a!al dan suhu akhir air ditunjukkan dalam =adual 1 di
a!ah#
Cood sample
Sampel
makanan
+ass
=isim
$g%
,nitial
temperature of
water
Suhu a!al air
$>C%
Cinal
temperature of
water
Suhu akhir air
$>C%
$ise in
temperature
of the water
(enaikan
suhu air
$>C%
!eanut
(a.ang tanah
'.0 'D 15
Dried prawn
Udang kering
1.B &0 &1
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 11
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
() $ecord the rise in temperature of the water in the spaces pro(ided in <ale 1.
Rek"d kenaikan suhu air dalam ruang yang disediakan pada =adual 1#
[1 mark ]
(c) <he specific heat capacity of water is 1.' Eg
F1 o
G
F1
. :se the following formula to calculate
the energy (alues of the peanut and the dried prawn.
?uatan haa tentu air ialah /#+ =g
01 "
C
01
#@unakan rumusan erikut untuk mengira nilai
tenaga untuk ka.ang tanah dan udang kering

Energy value = ( mass o water ! "#$ ! r%se %n tem&erature o water ' (g
)*
mass o oo+
Nilai tenaga = (jisim air X 4.2 X kenaikan suhu air ) Jg
-1
jisim makanan
[ 1 marks ]
1. - mango farmer picked ten askets of immature mangoes for sale. .i(e one
suggestion to make all the mangoes ripen on the same time.
Se"rang pekeun mangga telah memetik sepuluh akul uah mangga untuk dijual# 8erikan
satu .adangan untuk mem"lehkan semua uah mangga terseut masak serentak#
................................................................................................................................
.................
[1 mark]
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 12
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
ANAL,-I- LEVEL
1. Diagram 1.1 shows the lood circulatory system in organism ! and #.
Rajah /#1 menunjukkan sistem peredaran darah agi "rganism P dan "rganism '#
(c) ;9plain one difference in the structure of the heart etween organism ! and organism.
Terangkan satu pereAaan antara struktur jantung "rganisma P dan "rganisma '#

[' marks]
'. Diagram 5.1 shows the formation of two pairs of twins.
Rajah B#1 menunjukkan pementukan dua pasang anak kemar #
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 13
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Diagram 5.1
Rajah B#1
(a) 8ased on Diagram 5.1" descrie the differences in the formation of the two pairs of twins.
8erdasarkan Rajah B#1& huraikan pereAaan dalam pementukan kedua0dua pasang
kemar itu#
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
[& marks]
&. Diagram H shows the alimentary canal of two organisms $ and S.
Rajah C menunjukkan salur pen.ernaan agi dua "rganisma R dan S#
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 14
<wins !
(emar P
<wins #
(emar '
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Diagram H
Rajah C
(ii) ;9plain one similarity and four differences etween alimentary canal $ and S.
Terangkan satu persamaan dan empat pereAaan antara salur pen.ernaan R dan S#
[10 marks]
1. (c ) Diagram I. & shows two acti(ities of mo(ement in an earthworm and a grasshopper.
Rajah D#6 menunjukkan dua akti7iti pergerakan agi seek"r .a.ing tanah dan
elalang#
DiagramI.& (i)
Rajah D#6$i%
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 15
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
DiagramI.& (ii)
Rajah D#6$ii%
;9plain one similarity and four differences etween skeletal systems in oth organisms.
Terangkan satu persamaaan dan empat pereAaan antara sistem rangka agi kedua0dua
"rganisma#
[10 marks]
-,NT.E-I- LEVEL
1. Carmers add chemical fertilisers and spray insecticides on their crops. Discuss the good
and ad effects of oth acti(ities and their impact on agriculture and the en(ironment.
Para petani menamahkan aja kimia dan menyemur ra.un serangga kepada tanaman#
8in.angkan kesan aik dan uruk kedua0dua akti7iti terseut terhadap pertanian dan
persekitaran.
[10 marks]
'. Diagram D.' and D.& show a few e9amples of fresh food and processed food.
Rajah E#+ dan E#6 menunjukkan eerapa ."nt"h makanan segar dan makanan dipr"ses#
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 16
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Diagram D.' Diagram D.&
Rajah E#+ Rajah E#6
Discuss the good effects and ad effects of processed food in our daily life.
8in.angkan kesan0kesan aik dan uruk makanan dipr"ses dalam kehidupan harian kita#
[10 marks]
TE4C9ERS COPY
KNOWLEDGE LEVEL
1. Diagram 1 shows the structure of a cell as seen under an electron microscope.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan struktur satu sel yang diperhatikan di a!ah mikr"sk"p elektr"n#
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 17
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Diagram 1
(a) (i) Name the type of the cell.
Namakan jenis sel terseut#

An%mal /ell

[1 mark]
(ii) State one reason for your answer in a (i)
Nyatakan satu sea agi ja!apan yang dinyatakan dalam $a% $i%#
T0e /ell +oes not 0as /ell wall 11 Presen/e o /entr%oles
........
[1 mark]
(i) Name the structures laeled !" # and $.
Namakan struktur erlael P& ' dan R#
! % -moot0 en+o&lasm%/ ret%/ulum
S % Golg% a&&aratus
< % 2oug0 en+o&lasm%/ ret%/ulum
[& marks]
'. Diagram 1 shows the different stages which take place during cell di(ision.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan peringkat erlainan yang erlaku semasa pemahagian sel#
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 18
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
) *
+ N
D,-.$-+ 1
Rajah 1
a (i) Name the cell di(ision shown in Diagram 1.
Namakan pemahagian sel yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 1#

3%tos%s
[ 1 mark ]
(ii) Name the stages laelled ) and N/
Namakan peringkat yang dilaelkan seagai ( dan N)

) % Ana&0ase

N % Telo&0ase
[' marks ]
&.Diagram '(a) shows a plant cell. Diagram '() shows the same plant cell that has een placed
in solution * for 10 minutes.
Rajah +$a% menunjukkan satu sel tumuhan# Rajah +$% menunjukkan sel tumuhan yang
sama selepas diletakkan dalam larutan * selama 1, minit#
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 19
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Diagram '
Rajah +
()Name the process that caused the changes in (a).
Namakan pr"ses yang menyeakan peruahan di $a%#
Osmos%s
[1 mark]
1. Diagram ' shows a nitrogen cycle.
Rajah + menunjukkan satu kitar nitr"gen#
Diagram '
Rajah +
(a) (i) Name the process 2 and 3.
Namakan pr"ses * dan Y#
2 % Den%tr%/at%on
3 % N%tr%%/at%on
[' marks]
(ii) Name the compound 4.
Namakan seatian -#

N%tr%tes
[1 mark]
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 20
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
(iii) Name the microorganisms in(ol(ed in process 3.
Namakan mi.r""rganisma yang terliat dalam pr"ses Y#
Den%tr%y%ng 4a/ter%a
[1 mark]
5. Diagram 1 shows a longitudinal section of a human heart.
Rajah / menunjukkan keratan ujur jantung manusia#
Diagram 1
Rajah /
a (i) 6n Diagram 1" lael the following parts %
Pada Rajah /& laelkan ahagian0ahagian yang erikut 1
*eft (entricle 7 2entrikel kiri
8icuspid (al(e 7 3njap ikuspid
!ulmonary artery 7 4rteri pulm"nary
(ii) Draw a series of arrows to show the flow of o9ygenated lood into the heart and out of the
heart.
5ukiskan satu siri anak panah untuk menunjukkan aliran darah er"ksigen masuk dan
keluar dari jantung#
5NDE2-TANDING LEVEL
1. Diagram &.1 shows a section through human al(eolus .
Diagram 6#1 menunjukkan suatu ahagian al7e"lus manusia #
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 21
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Diagram &.1
Rajah 6#1
(a) 8ased on the Diagram &.1" e9plain two adaptations of the al(eolus to increase its
effecti(eness in respiratory gaseous e9change.
8erdasarkan pada Rajah 6#1& terangkan dua penyesuaian al7e"lus untuk meningkatkan
ke.ekapannya dalam pertukaran gas respirasi#
!1 F T0e wall o t0e alveolus %s t0%n 1one)/ell %n t0%/6ness or eas%er 1 aster gas
+%us%on#
!' F T0e sura/e %s /overe+ w%t0 4loo+ /a&%llar%es or aster gas trans&ortat%on#
[' marks]
() Diagram &.' shows the flow chart in the regulation of the caron dio9ide concentration in the
ody fluid.
Rajah 6#+ menunjukkan .arta alir dalam penga!alaturan kepekatan kar"n di"ksida dalam
endalir adan#
Diagram &.'
Rajah 6#+
Name the structures $ and S. Descrie the function of structure elow %
Namakan struktur R dan S# 9uraikan :ungsi struktur terseut 1
(i) $% Central C0emore/e&tor (%n me+ulla o4longata'
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 22
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Description% Dete/t t0e %n/rease o /ar4on +%o7%+e %n 4loo+ t0roug0 t0e ormat%on o
0y+rogen %ons1 4loo+ &.# 11 -en+ t0e %m&ulse to t0e res&%ratory /entre %n me+ulla
o4longata .
[' marks]
(ii) S: Aortic bodies
Description: Together with carotid bodies acts as Peripheral chemoreceptors. //
They could detect the changes of oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood

[' marks]
'. Diagram 1.1 shows a human digesti(e system.
Rajah /#1 menunjukkan sistem pen.ernaan manusia#
Diagram 1.1
Rajah /#1
(a) ;9plain what happen to a food with high protein content at 3 if organ 2 is damaged.
Terangkan apa yang terjadi kepada pen.ernaan makanan yang tinggi kandungan pr"tein
di Y jika "rgan * r"sak#
C % Try&s%n %s not1 less 4e%ng se/rete+ 1 &ro+u/e+
! % Poly&e&t%+e 1 &rote%n %s not1 less +%geste+
[' marks]
() Diagram 1.' shows the fine pro>ection structure which can e oser(ed from cross
section of < .
Rajah /#+ menunjukkan struktur unjuran halus yang dapat diperhatikan daripada
keratan rentas #
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 23
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
Diagram 1.'
Rajah /#+
(i) ;9plain how the structure in Diagram 1.' is adapted to carry it?s function .
Terangkan agaimana struktur pada Rajah /#+ disesuaikan untuk menjalankan
:ungsinya #
!1 J T0e e&%t0el%al /ells l%n%ng t0e v%lus %s very t0%n to a/%l%tate
+%us%on o +%geste+ oo+#
!' J 3any m%/rov%ll% to %n/rease t0e sura/e area or a4sor&t%on
!& J .as a networ6 o 4loo+ /a&%llar%es to trans&ort t0e +%geste+
oo+#
[' marks]
&. Diagram shows a human foetus in his mother?s uterus.
Rajah menunjukkan :etus manusia di dalam uterus iu#
Diagram
Rajah
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 24
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
;9plain why the foetus has a separate lood circulatory system from his mother.
E* 8 To &revent /erta%n 0armul 4a/ter%a an+ to7%ns rom enter%ng t0e oetus#
E$ 8 To &revent t0e m%7%ng o 4loo+ grou&s o t0e mot0er an+ t0e oetus w0%/0 /an /ause
t0e +eat0 o t0e oetus .
[' marks]
1. Diagram 1.1 shows the release of gas 2 from El"dea sp. through photosynthesis.
Rajah /#1 menunjukkan pemeasan gas * dari El"dea sp# melalui :"t"sintesis#
(d) (i) Name gas 2. Namakan gas *#
O7ygen
[ 1 mark ]
(e) ;9plain riefly how gas 2 in (a)(i) is produced.
Terangkan dengan ringkas agaimana gas * di $a%$i% dihasilkan# .
The light absorbed by the chlorophyll is used split water
molecules into hydrogen ions and hydroxyl ions.
The hydroxyl group combined to form water and gas X is
produced.
[' marks]
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 25
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
5. Diagram '.1 shows the changing process in an aandoned mining pond.
Rajah +#1 menunjukkan pr"ses peruahan yang erlaku dalam seuah k"lam teriar#
() # is a successor to ! plants. Descrie the role of # as a successor plant.
' adalah penyesar pada tumuhan P# Terangkan agaimana ' erperanan seagai
tumuhan penyesar.
W0en P +%e an+ +e/om&ose+9 t0e /on+%t%on %s more su%ta4le or :#
: re+u/e l%g0t %ntens%ty 4y &revent%ng sunl%g0t rom rea/0%ng t0e P %n t0e &on+#
As a result9 P +%e 4e/ause t0ey /annot &0otosynt0es%se.
[ & marks ]
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 26
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
APPLICATION LEVEL
1. Diagram '.' and '.& show the condition of two plants which are added with fertili@er. <he
plant in Diagram '.& is added with e9cess fertili@er. ;9plain the condition of the plant in
Diagram '.&.
Rajah +#+ dan +#6 menunjukkan keadaa dua atang p"k"k yang disiram dengan aja# P"k"k
dalam Rajah +#6 disiram dengan aja yang erleihan# Terangkan keadaan p"k"k dalam
Rajah +#6#
Diagram '.' Diagram '.&
E7/ess ert%l%;er +%ssolves %n t0e so%l water %s 0y&erton%/ to t0e /ell sa& o &lant roots#
Water +%uses rom t0e /ell sa& %nto so%l 4y osmos%s#
T0e /ells are &lasmolyse+ an+ t0e &lant w%lts#
[& marks]
'.
8ased on the ao(e statement descrie how endocrine system is in(ol(ed in the Afight and
flight? situation.
8erdasarkan penyataan di atas& huraikan agaimana sistem end"krin terliat dalam situasi
;la!an dan lari#
< 8 a+renal%ne %s se/rete+ 4y a+renal glan+
P* 8 (a+renal%ne' /ause t0e 0eart4eat 1 4reat0%ng rate %n/rease
P$ 8 more o7ygen an+ glu/ose are sent1 trans&orte+ to t0e t%ssues
P= 8 meta4ol%/ rate 1 /ellular res&%rat%on %n/reases
P" ) more energy %s &ro+u/e+ (to run away'
[1 marks]
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 27
- dog suddenly arks and chases you. 3our hearteat increases and your palms
ecome sweaty. 3ou feel so scared and run away.
Seek"r anjing tia0tia menyalak dan mengejar anda# Degupan jantung anda
meningkat dan tapak tangan anda erpeluh# 4nda merasa amat takut dan terus
melarikan diri#
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
&. Diagram & shows an e9periment to determine the energy (alues of a peanut and a dried
prawn.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk menentukan nilai tenaga satu iji ka.ang
tanah dan seek"r udang kering
Diagram &
Rajah 6
,n this e9periment" '0 cm
&
of distilled water is used and '.0 g of peanut and 1.B g of
dried prawn is urnt. <he initial and final temperature of water is shown in <ale 1
elow.
Dalam eksperimen ini &+, .m
6
air suling digunakan dan +#, g ka.ang tanah dan 1#< g
udang kering diakar# Suhu a!al dan suhu akhir air ditunjukkan dalam =adual 1 di
a!ah#
Cood sample
Sampel
makanan
+ass
=isim
$g%
,nitial
temperature of
water
Suhu a!al air
$>C%
Cinal
temperature of
water
Suhu akhir air
$>C%
$ise in
temperature
of the water
(enaikan
suhu air
$>C%
!eanut
(a.ang tanah
'.0 'D 15 1H
Dried prawn
Udang kering
1.B &0 &1 1
() $ecord the rise in temperature of the water in the spaces pro(ided in <ale 1.
Rek"d kenaikan suhu air dalam ruang yang disediakan pada =adual 1#
[1 mark ]
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 28
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
(c) <he specific heat capacity of water is 1.' Eg
F1 o
G
F1
. :se the following formula to calculate
the energy (alues of the peanut and the dried prawn.
?uatan haa tentu air ialah /#+ =g
01 "
C
01
#@unakan rumusan erikut untuk mengira nilai
tenaga untuk ka.ang tanah dan udang kering

Energy value = ( mass o water ! "#$ ! r%se %n tem&erature o water ' (g
)*
mass o oo+
Nilai tenaga = (jisim air X 4.2 X kenaikan suhu air ) Jg
-1
jisim makanan
;nergy (alue of the peanut K '0 2 1.' 2 1H Eg
F1
'.0
K HI'.0 Eg
F1
;nergy (alue of the dried prawn K '0 2 1.' 2 1 Eg
F1
1.B
K 1BH.I Eg
F1
[ 1 marks ]
1. - mango farmer picked ten askets of immature mangoes for sale. .i(e one
suggestion to make all the mangoes ripen on the same time.
Se"rang pekeun mangga telah memetik sepuluh akul uah mangga untuk dijual# 8erikan
satu .adangan untuk mem"lehkan semua uah mangga terseut masak serentak#

T0e armer /an use et0ylene.
[1 mark]
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 29
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
ANAL,-I- LEVEL
1. Diagram 1.1 shows the lood circulatory system in organism ! and #.
Rajah /#1 menunjukkan sistem peredaran darah agi "rganism P dan "rganism '#
(f) ;9plain one difference in the structure of the heart etween organism ! and organism.
Terangkan satu pereAaan antara struktur jantung "rganisma P dan "rganisma '#
< > 0eart o organ%sm P 0as " /0am4er 4ut organ%sm : 0as two /0am4er
P*> organ%sm P 0as r%g0t atr%um9 let atr%um9 r%g0t ventr%/le an+ let ventr%/le 4ut
organ%sm : 0as ventr%/le an+ an atr%um 11 organ%sm P 0as two atr%ums an+ two
ventr%/les 4ut organ%sm : 0as one ventr%/le an+ one atr%um
P$> %n organ%sm P9 t0e 0eart re/e%ves 4ot0 o7ygenate+ 4loo+ an+ +eo7ygenate+
4loo+ w0%le %n organ%sm :9 t0e 0eart only re/e%ves +eo7ygenate+ 4loo+#
C L -ny !
[' marks]
'. Diagram 5.1 shows the formation of two pairs of twins.
Rajah B#1 menunjukkan pementukan dua pasang anak kemar #
Diagram 5.1
Rajah B#1
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 30
<wins !
(emar P
<wins #
(emar '
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
(a) 8ased on Diagram 5.1" descrie the differences in the formation of the two pairs of twins.
8erdasarkan Rajah B#1& huraikan pereAaan dalam pementukan kedua0dua pasang
kemar itu#
E* ) Tw%ns P are orme+ rom one ;ygote
E$) &ro+u/e+ rom t0e ert%l%;at%on o one ovum an+ one s&erm
E= ) s&l%ts %nto two se&arate em4ryos
E" ) grow %nto two se&arate %n+%v%+uals /om&are to tw%ns : 11
Any =
E* ) Tw%ns : are orme+ rom two ;ygotes
E$) &ro+u/e+ rom t0e ert%l%;at%on o two ova an+ two s&erms
E=) orm%ng two se&arate em4ryos
E") grow %nto two +%erent %n+%v%+uals /om&are to tw%ns P#
Any =
[& marks]
&. Diagram H shows the alimentary canal of two organisms $ and S.
Rajah C menunjukkan salur pen.ernaan agi dua "rganisma R dan S#
Diagram H
Rajah C
(ii) ;9plain one similarity and four differences etween alimentary canal $ and S.
Terangkan satu persamaan dan empat pereAaan antara salur pen.ernaan R dan S#
[10 marks]
-%m%lar%ty >
<* > T0e al%mentary /anals o 4ot0 2 an+ - 0ave 4a/ter%a 1 &roto;oa to 0y+rolyse
/ellulose
E* > ?ot0 2 an+ - +o not &ro+u/e /ellulase to +%gest /ellulose %n t0e%r oo+
D%eren/es >
<$ > 2 0as " stoma/0 /0am4ers 4ut - 0as one stoma/0 /0am4er
E$ > T0e stoma/0 o - %s not %nvolve+ %n /ellulose +%gest%on
<= > T0e s%;e o /ae/um or 2 %s small 4ut - 0as a large /ae/um
E= > Cae/um or - %s %nvolve+ /ellulose +%gest%on
<" > T0e 4a/ter%a an+ &roto;oa %n 2 are oun+ %n t0e rumen an+ ret%/ulum w0%le %n
- t0ey are oun+ %n t0e /ae/um
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 31
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
E" > to &ro+u/e en;yme /ellulase
<@ > <oo+ &asses only on/e %n 2 4ut tw%/e %n - 11 2egurg%tat%on ta6e &la/e %n 2 4ut
+oes not ta6e &la/e %n -
E@ > 2 8 to %n/rease e%/%en/y o /ellulose a/t%on
- 8 to /om&lete oo+ a4sor&t%on
1. (c ) Diagram I. & shows two acti(ities of mo(ement in an earthworm and a grasshopper.
Rajah D#6 menunjukkan dua akti7iti pergerakan agi seek"r .a.ing tanah dan
elalang#
DiagramI.& (i)
Rajah D#6$i%
DiagramI.& (ii)
Rajah D#6$ii%
;9plain one similarity and four differences etween skeletal systems in oth organisms.
Terangkan satu persamaaan dan empat pereAaan antara sistem rangka agi kedua0dua
"rganisma#
[10 marks]
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 32
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
-%m%lar%ty>
<* > ?ot0 organ%sm 0as antagon%st%/ mus/les
E* > to allow /oor+%nate movements o t0e 4o+y
D%eren/es >
<$ > Eart0worm 0as 0y+rostat%/ s6eleton 4ut grass0o&&er 0as e7os6eleton
E$ > Eart0worm 8 t0e or/e o /ontra/t%on %s a&&l%e+ to a lu%+)%lle+
/av%ty (/oelom'11
Grass0o&&er 8 mus/les atta/0e+ to t0e %nter%or sura/e o e7os6eleton
<= > Eart0worm 0as long%tu+%nal an+ mus/ular mus/le 4ut grass0o&&er 0as le7or
an+ e7tensor mus/les
E= > or mus/le /ontra/t%on an+ rela7at%on
<" > Eart0worm mus/le &ro+u/e &er%stalt%/ waves along t0e 4o+y 4ut or
grass0o&&er t0%s w%ll /ause 4en+%ng an+ stra%g0ten%ng o t0e legs
E" > %n or+er to &ro+u/e lo/omot%on
<@ > Eart0worm 0as 4r%stles (/0aetae' 4ut grass0o&&er 0as a &a%r o long an+
strong 0%n+ legs#
E@ > C0aetae %s use+ to an/0or t0e groun+ or eart0worm 4ut 0%n+ legs are a+a&te+
or 0o&&%ng or grass0o&&er#
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 33
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
-,NT.E-I- LEVEL
1. Carmers add chemical fertilisers and spray insecticides on their crops. Discuss the good
and ad effects of oth acti(ities and their impact on agriculture and the en(ironment.
Para petani menamahkan aja kimia dan menyemur ra.un serangga kepada tanaman#
8in.angkan kesan aik dan uruk kedua0dua akti7iti terseut terhadap pertanian dan
persekitaran.
[10 marks]
A++ /0em%/al ert%l%sers
Good Effets
G* > -u&&ly%ng reAu%re+ m%nerals1%ons1n%trates1ammon%a
G$ > In/rease y%el+ o /ro&
Any *
!ad Effets
?* > E7/ess ert%l%;ers may 4e was0e+ away
?$ > /aus%ng enr%/0ment o water
?= > 2esults %n ra&%+ growt0 o algae 1 algae 4loom
?" > In/rease+ %n ?OD o water 11 +e/rease o o7ygen /ontent %n r%ver
?@ > Causes +eat0 o %s01aAuat%/ an%mals %n t0e r%ver
Any "
-&ray /0em%/al %nse/t%/%+es
Good Effets
G= > An ee/t%ve way to 6%ll1+estroy1 %nse/ts 1wee+s
G" > Po&ulat%on o %nse/ts 1 wee+s re+u/e
Any *
!ad Effets
?B > .a;ar+ous to armers % %n0ale+
?C > Contam%nate t0e un+ergroun+ water 1 r%vers
?D > Causes t0e +eat0 o aAuat%/ an%mals
?E > In t0e long term9 t0e %nse/ts 1 wee+s may +evelo&s %nto mutant stra%n w0%/0 %s
res%stan/e to t0e /0em%/als
?*F > C0em%/al %nse/t%/%+e no longer ee/t%ve or t0e &est1wee+s /ontrol
Any "
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 34
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK SPM 2014
'. Diagram D.' and D.& show a few e9amples of fresh food and processed food.
Rajah E#+ dan E#6 menunjukkan eerapa ."nt"h makanan segar dan makanan dipr"ses#
Diagram D.' Diagram D.&
Rajah E#+ Rajah E#6
Discuss the good effects and ad effects of processed food in our daily life.
8in.angkan kesan0kesan aik dan uruk makanan dipr"ses dalam kehidupan harian kita#
[10 marks]
BIOLOGI KUMPULAN CEMERLANG 35