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Write a composition giving your opinion (120 180 words):

The best way to learn a foreign language is to study it in a country in which it is used
I think its not possible to assure its better to study a language in a country where its used because there are many
different variables to take into account. Ill try to explain a couple of them that right now come to my mind: the
students age and if you have previous knowledge of the language or not.
In my opinion, the age of the student is a crucial fact in order to learn and to be fluent in a language. Without any
doubt, the best age, at least for the speaking, is when youre a little child and you do not think about it but you just
repeat trying to sound like the others. If you are a little elder, lets say a teenager or a young student, spending a
couple of years studying abroad with the natives is also a great chance because you will not only learn the formal
language through your studies at school or university but also the idioms from your fellows.
In case you are aged (old / elder / aged enough?) as to have a job, I believe there is another variable to be
considered: Have you ever studied or used that language before?
If you are so fortunate as to have had some previous contact with the language, then you can either spend some
free time abroad to dive into the language or apply to get a job in a country where the official language is the one
youre interested in.
But if you are completely new in the language, perhaps itd be better starting with a course in your country and once
you feel confidence enough, you can jump into (?) the adventure!
----- 280 words -----

REPORT
Un informe (report) del FCE, es un escrito que da la informacin recopilada por su autor sobre un tema especfico
para finalmente dar una recomendacin sobre qu hacer, o no hacer, en relacin con el tema planteado
Lenguaje formal, as que evita las contracciones (aren't, wasn't, etc.)

1. Inventar un ttulo





2. Introduction: Poner cul es el objetivo del informe y cmo recopilaste los datos.


This report is intended for... /Este informe es para


The objective/aim of this report is to... /El objetivo de este informe es





3. Reporting results: Relacionar la informacin que los clientes han dado y lo que t mismo has observado.


Some people are saying... /Alguna gente dice


Many people complained, suggested, recommended.... /Mucha gente se quej, sugiri, recomend


Presenting a list


The following items should be taken into account /Deberan considerarse los siguientes puntos:


Please, consider the following points: /Por favor, considere los siguientes puntos:


1.
2.

4. Conclusion: Hacer recomendaciones sobre cules seran las medidas a tomar en tu opinin.


Therefore, I would recommend that.. /En consecuencia, yo recomendara...


It would be advisable... /Sera aconsejable...


Improving facilities at our schools social club
The aim of this report is to study the current situation of our schools social club and to propose some actions to
improve its facilities.
Firstly, a detailed inspection of the place was carried out so as to have an initial approach to the facilities conditions
and its most obvious needs. Secondly, many schools workers and pupils were interviewed because they are the
main users of these facilities.
Many of them reported serious problems with the roof when it rains (= raining?) and with the air conditioning
system in summer, and few of them complained about the restrooms conditions. Otherwise, almost all of them find
that the general condition of the rest of the club is quite good considering the intensive use (heavy/hard ?) it has.
So, to summarize, please take into account the weak point just mentioned:
a. Roof
b. air conditioning system
c. restrooms
Besides, as a recommendation, Id suggest to contract (hire?) a Maintenance Service company which would check
Clubs facilities monthly and could not only repair any problem but prevent difficulties in advance also.


**** OK words *****


REVIEW = OPINION o CRITICA
La crtica, u opinin, del FCE, es realmente una opinin personal
Lenguaje semi-formal.
Se pueden usar contracciones, por ejemplo: It's, don't, wasn't.
Esquema:

1. My favorite ( ) is


2. The topic: It has information on


3. Description of the information


4. Final opinion: I think it is one of the best ( ) because......


ESSAY = Ensayo
es una opinin personal sobre un tema determinado que contiene argumentos a favor y en contra
del tema en cuestin y acaba con una conclusin.
Esquema:

1.Introduction: Reescribe la afirmacin (statement) con tus propias palabras para iniciar el ensayo. Por ejemplo:


In today's world, many teenagers have access to internet and therefore they have a chance to watch free videos and
films online.



2. Development: Da los argumentos a favor y, en contra.


While watching an online film or videos is not a bad activity per se, doing it all the time is.if parents at home
supervise their screen hours it is perfectly possible to keep a balance between watching online films and videos and
reading.

3. Conclusion: Da tu opinin personal que conectar con tus ltimos argumento.


In my opinion, therefore, teenagers can watch video or films online and continue to have the habit of reading if they
have the discipline to organise their time well.



Many people/Some people argue... Mucha gente, alguna gente argumenta....


- It is often said.. Se dice frecuentemente que...


- However, in my opinion view ...No obstante, en mi opinin...


- Firstly, it is true (clear) that... En primer lugar, es verdad (est claro) que....


- While it is true that...Aunque es verdad que...


- On the one hand, and on the other hand (Cuidado: utilzalo siempre para contrastar opiniones desde dos ngulos
distintos (no iguales). For example: On the one hand it is true that most teenagers watch videos all day, but on the
other hand they learn many new skills through those videos. Por un lado, es verdad que la mayora de los
adolescentes ven vdeos todo el da, pero por otro lado, aprenden nuevas habilidades a travs de esos vdeos).


- Finally, it is important to take into account that.... Finalmente es importante tener en cuenta que...



STORY = HISTORIA
En las instrucciones del "writing" te darn la primera, o la ltima, oracin de la historia.

- Beginning/Inicio: It had been a long and rainy day....haba sido un da largo y lluvioso.


- What happened before/Qu ha ocurrido antes: Michael haba estado trabajando todo el da y estaba muy
cansando. Tiene hambre y sed.


- What happens during the story/Ocurre durante la historia: Decide ir a cenar a un restaurante cercano.


- Climax/Punto lgido: De pronto, ve a una mujer que conoce. Se trata de Margaret, una compaera de
colegio que no vea hace mucho. Se ven y se saludan. Ambos se alegran mucho de verse.


- Ending/Desenlace: Michael y Margaret se dan cuenta que trabajan en oficinas muy prximas. Lo
inesperado ha ocurrido.


Correspondencia de tiempos verbales para narraciones (stories) FCE
Espaol Ingls Ejemplo
Pretrito Pluscuamperfecto
Sujeto + haba visto/hecho
Past Perfect
Subject + had+ seen/done/been
They had never been so
happy.
Ellos nunca haban sido tan
felices.
Pretrito
indefinido/imperfecto
Sujeto + verbo en pasado
gan/comi/vio
Simple Past Tense
Subject + simple past tense
won, ate, saw
She won the lottery. Ella gan
la lotera.
Pretrito
indefinido/imperfecto
Past Tense Verbo to be.
Sujeto +fue+ era + estaba
Past Tense verb to be
Subject + was/were
She was very happy. Ella
estaba muy contenta.
Pasado para dilogos
l dijo, pens, pregunt,
orden, cont, record
Past tense (for dialogues)
Suject + said, thought,asked, told,
remembered
He said to his friend: Wait
l le dijo a su amigo:
Espera.
Pasado continuo
Sujeto + ser/estar + v.p. en
participio pasado
Past Continuous
Subject+ was/were + winning,
eating, looking
He was working.l estaba
trabajando.
Presente
Sujeto + come, mira, camina
Present Tense
Subject + eat, look, walk
They eat, drink and smoke a
lot.Ellos comen, beben y
fuman mucho.
Presente continuo (para
dilogos)
Sujeto + ser/estar/ presente
comiendo, mirando, caminando.
Present Continuous (for
dialogues)
Subject + am/is/are + eating,
looking, walking
Im coming she answered.
Voy dijo ella.
Futuro (para dilogos)
Sujeto + comer, mirar,
caminar
Future (for dialogues)
Will/Wont
Subject + will eat, will look, will
walk.
She said: I will go there. Ella
dijo: Yo ir all.


Example: It had been a long and rainy day.....Haba sido un da largo y lluvioso.
It had been a long and rainy day. Michael had been working all day and was very tired and hungry.(1) He
decided to go and have dinner at a restaurant which was very near his office.(2) He put his raincoat on,
took his umbrella and headed to the street. (3) He walked briskly to Le Chezon.(4)
The restaurant was half-full. As usual, he decided to sit at the bar and order some fish and chips. The
waiter, Paul, knew him and said: Right away Sir, while he served him the usual beer. Michael had a first
sip and looked around. (5)Wow- he thought- thats Margaret- I havent seen her for ages. (6)

Margaret had been his classmate at secondary school. She seemed to be having a drink with a friend. She
was calling the waiter, and suddenly saw Michael sitting at the bar. They both smiled at each other.Michael
went over to her to say hello. It was an exiciting encounter, and they were both very happy to see each
other again.(7) As they talked they came to realise that they had been working at offices which were very
near for almost a year. Thats life Michael Michael- unexpected things happen every day.(8)












Obligatorio. "Part 1" tendrs que escribir una carta o email (semi-formal).

Estilo: el estilo ser formal o semi-formal, nunca informal.

Longitud: 120 -150 palabras.

Contenido: El email, o carta, se debe redactar utilizando la informacin que te darn en el examen: un
anuncio, una carta, un email. Dependiendo de la informacin debers: disculparte, comparar, describir,
explicar, expresar opiniones, justificar, persuadir, recomendar, o sugerir.


A elegir. "Part 2" tendrs que escribir a elegir entre varias categoras. Estas son las categoras

a report /un informe
a review/ una crtica u opinin
a story / una historia
a letter/una carta
an article/un artculo
an essay/un ensayo

Tipo de texto: Debes elegir el estilo de texto que domines mejor.
Estilo: Depender del tipo de texto.
Longitud: 120 -180 palabras.
Consejos:
En la carta, no incluyas direcciones porque no es necesario hacerlo.
Encabezamientos de carta, o email, formal:
Dear Sir
Dear Madam
Dear Sir/Madam
Dear Mr Wilkinson
Dear Ms Hartford

Example:
Answer the question below. Write 120-150 words.
You have received an email from an English-speaking friend who is planning to come to your country in the
summer. Read Steves email and the notes you have made, then answer Steves email.

***********


From: Steve Richards


Sent: 20th October 2012


Subject: Summer holiday





Hello,


How are you doing? As you know, I have always wanted to visit your country and, finally, we are going to be able to
go next summer. Louise and I are very excited about it and we want to plan our trip very well.


Before we book anything, wed like to have some advice from you. For example, which month is better for visiting:
July, August or September? Say when and why.


We are planning to stay 10 days. Do you have any recommendations regarding hotels, guest houses? We want
something clean and well-located, but not too expensive because we want to spend most our money eating out
and on excursions.Suggest.


Another question: Should we rent a car? If so, can you recommend any car rental company? Say no, unless they are
planning to visit other cities.


Finally, what kind of clothes should we take? Im not sure if we should take our raincoats and umbrellas. Suggest
very light clothes.


Thank you very much for your help.


Best regards,


Steve


Esquema/borrador:

Happy to receive news,


September is the best month because its not as hot as July and August. I have checked online hotels and
would like to suggest "The Great Maison" which is located in the city centre.


You dont need to rent car unless you want to visit other cities. There are excursions by bus.


Suggestion for a car rental company "Carfleet". Friends told me it was inexpensive and reliable.


Very light clothes and one light jacket. No umbrellas or raincoats.


Respuesta:

Hello Steve,


I'm very happy to hear that you are coming to Spain with Louise.


Regarding your questions, first let me suggest that you come in September. July and August are extremely hot
months, and it's not always nice to be touring the city.


I have checked several online hotels, and I would like to suggest "The Great Maison". It's conveniently located in the
city centre very close to most museums and landmarks.


You don't need to rent a car unless you want to visit other cities, and you don't want to book an excursion by bus. If
you insist on having a car, I recommend "Carfleet"which friends told me is inexpensive and reliable.


Finally, please, take light clothes and a jacket. You don't need raincoats or umbrellas because it hardly rains.


If you have more questions, please let me know. I'll be happy to answer them.


Looking forward to seeing you next summer.


Your name


Total: 156 palabras.

Fjate bien en los detalles de esta contestacin.
1) Estilo informal porque le escribo a un amigo, por ejemplo,
"Hello Steve"
2) Frases cortas, en prrafos claros y concretos. "I'm very happy....."
3) Orden de las ideas con "First" y luego, contestacin 1, 2, 3, y acabo con "Finally".
4) Meses del ao con maysculas.
5) Se incluyen las notas que hay en la informacin suministrada, pero se aade otra informacin, por ejemplo; "You
don't need to rent a car unless you want to visit other cities, and you don't want to book an excursion by bus" (info
nueva).
6) Tiempo verbales correctos. "I'm very happy...", "Let me suggest that you come", "I have checked".
7) Utilizacin de adjetivos un poco ms "sofisticados". No digo "cheap"sino, "inexpensive" y aado "reliable" (fiable).