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1.

The kind of force between atoms in a solid


(a) both attractive and repulsive forces
(b) attractive forces only
(c) repulsive forces only
(d) neutral forces

2. The material which has covalent bond is


(a) Na
(b) Al
(c) NaCl
(d) Ge

3. The expression for potential energy of a diatomic molecule is


(a) U(r) = a/rm
(b) U(r) = abrn
(c) U(r) = (-a/rm ) + (b/rn )
(d) U(r) = b/rn

4. The crystal system, which exhibits all the four types of structures, is

(a) Tetragonal
(b) Hexagonal
(c) Orthorhombic
(d) Cubic

5. Trigonal system is represented by

(a) a = b = c; α = β = γ = 900
6 b=
(b) a = 6 c; α = β = γ = 900
(c) a = b = c; α = β = γ 6= 900
(d) a = b 6= c; α = β = γ = 900
6. A substance with face centered cubic lattice has density 3.25 Kg/m3 and molecular weight 30.1. Its lattice constant
is (Avogadro’s number = 6.02 × 1023 per mol)
(a) 2 AU
(b) 4 AU
(c) 8 AU
(d) 6 AU
7. Atomic packing factor of diamond structure is
(a) 0.74
(b) 0.68
(c) 0.34
(d) 0.52
8. If r is the radius of the atom in a crystal of simple cubic structure, then the nearest neighbour distance is
(a) 3r
(b) 4r
(c) r/2
(d) 2r

9. If the lattice parameter a = 1.50 nm in the case of a BCC structure, the number of atoms per unit volume is
(a) 5.93 × 1026 per m3
(b) 6.66 × 1026 per m3
(c) 8.89 × 1026 per m3
(d) 13.33 × 1026 per m3

10. The coordination number in FCC structure is


(a) six
(b) twelve
(c) nine
(d) four

11. An example for a crystal for which the number of atoms per unit cell is 8, is

(a) NaCl
(b) Diamond
(c) CsCl
(d) quartz

12. The number of sulphide atoms in the unit cell of zinc sulphide crystal is

(a) 3
(b) 6
(c) 2
(d) 4

13. In a unit cell of NaCl, if ‘a’ is the lattice parameter the distance between the nearest like ions, is
a
(a) 2
(b) √a
2
(c) a
(d) √a3

14. The basis of CsCl has one Cl− ion at ( 21 , 12 , 12 ) and Cs+ ion at

(a) (O,O,O)
(b) (1/4,1/4,1/4)
(c) (1/3,1/3,1/3)
(d) (1/2,1/2,1/2)

15. The plane (100) is parallel to

(a) Y and Z axis


(b) X and Z axis
(c) X axis
(d) X and Y axis

16. The direction of the body diagonal ( 1 1 1 ) of a cubic cell is given by

(a) [0 0 1]
(b) [1 1 1]
(c) [0 0 0]
(d) [1 0 1]

17. In a simple cubic lattice d100 : d110 : d111 is

(a) 3 : 2 : 1
(b) 1 : √1 : √2
2 3
(c) 6 : 3 : 2
√ √
(d) 1 : 1 2 : 1 3

18. The X-rays are part of

(a) Nuclear radiation


(b) Visible spectrum
(c) Infrared spectrum
(d) Electromagnetic spectrum

19. In the relation 2d sinθ = nλ, d is known as

(a) Intermolecular distance


(b) lattice parameter
(c) Interplanar distance
(d) Interatomic distance

20. The X-ray diffraction method in which continuous X-rays are used is

(a) Interference method


(b) rotating crystal method
(c) Laue method
(d) powder method