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1.

When the chemical bond is stronger


(a) the melting point is infinity
(b) the melting point is high
(c) the melting point is low
(d) the melting point is zero

2. The type of bonding in Ge is


(a) Hydrozen bond
(b) Ionic
(c) Metallic
(d) Covalent

3. At equilibrium condition a diatomic molecule possesses


(a) Minimum potential energy
(b) zero potential energy
(c) Maximum energy
(d) Maximum potential energy

4. The number of lattice points in a primitive cell is

(a) 2
(b) 1
(c) 4
(d) 3

5. The lattice parameters in a Cubic System are

(a) a = b 6= c , α = β = γ = 900
(b) a=b=c, α = β = γ 6= 90o
(c) a = b= c, α = β = γ = 900
(d) a 6= b 6= c, α = β = γ = 900
6. The relation between density ρ, lattice parameter a, molecular weight M, number of atoms per unit cell n and
Avogadro number N is
(a) ρa3 = nM/N
(b) ρa3 = nN/M
(c) MN = na
(d) M/N = ρa3
7. The packing factor of BCC structure is
(a) 74%
(b) 52%
(c) 68%
(d) 34%
8. Among the following the only element crystallizes into SC structure is
(a) Aluminium
(b) Sodium
(c) Germanium
(d) Polonium

9. If the lattice parameter a = 1.25 nm for a BCC structure, the nearest neighbour distance, is
(a) 0.54 nm
(b) 1.08 nm
(c) 0.88 nm
(d) 0.44 nm

10. If the lattice parameter a = 3.2 nm, for an FCC structure, the nearest neighbour distance, is
(a) 0.44 nm
(b) 4.53 nm
(c) 2.26 nm
(d) 1.13 nm

11. The coordination number of Germanium is

(a) 8
(b) 4
(c) 6
(d) 12

12. The compound GaAs has the structure identical to that of

(a) NaCl
(b) KCl
(c) MgO
(d) ZnS

13. If 0.64 nm is the inter-ionic distance of NaCl crystal the lattice parameter is

(a) 0.14 nm
(b) 2.62 nm
(c) 1.28 nm
(d) 0.56 nm

14. The cesium chloride structure is the combination of

(a) two SC structures


(b) two FCC structures
(c) two HCP structures
(d) two BCC structures

15. In a crystal lattice a plane make the intercepts 3a, 4b on x- and y-axes respectively and is parallel to z-axis. Then
the plane is represented as
(a) (4 3 0)
(b) (4 0 3)
(c) (0 4 3)
(d) (3 4 0)

16. [2 1 1] is the direction that connects the origin (0 0 0) and the point

(a) (1 1/2 1/2 )


(b) (1/2 1 1)
(c) (1 1 2)
(d) (1 2 2)

17. The interplanar separation (d) in tetragonal crystal is


1
(a) d = q
h2 +k2 +l2
a2
1
(b) d = q
h2 +k2 2
+ l2
a2 c
1
(c) d = q
h2 2 2
+ k 2l
a2 c
1
(d) d = q
h2 2 2
+ k2 + l 2
a2 b c

18. The frequency of X-rays is

(a) Lower than ultraviolet rays


(b) Equal to ultraviolet rays
(c) Higher than ultraviolet rays
(d) Infinity

19. The relation 2d sinθ = nλ is known as

(a) Coulomb’s law


(b) Bragg’s law
(c) Curie’s law
(d) Snell’s law

20. The X-ray diffraction method in which continuous X-rays are used is

(a) Interference method


(b) Laue method
(c) rotating crystal method
(d) powder method