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# 1.

## When the chemical bond is stronger

(a) the melting point is infinity
(b) the melting point is high
(c) the melting point is low
(d) the melting point is zero

## 2. The type of bonding in Ge is

(a) Hydrozen bond
(b) Ionic
(c) Metallic
(d) Covalent

## 3. At equilibrium condition a diatomic molecule possesses

(a) Minimum potential energy
(b) zero potential energy
(c) Maximum energy
(d) Maximum potential energy

(a) 2
(b) 1
(c) 4
(d) 3

## 5. The lattice parameters in a Cubic System are

(a) a = b 6= c , α = β = γ = 900
(b) a=b=c, α = β = γ 6= 90o
(c) a = b= c, α = β = γ = 900
(d) a 6= b 6= c, α = β = γ = 900
6. The relation between density ρ, lattice parameter a, molecular weight M, number of atoms per unit cell n and
(a) ρa3 = nM/N
(b) ρa3 = nN/M
(c) MN = na
(d) M/N = ρa3
7. The packing factor of BCC structure is
(a) 74%
(b) 52%
(c) 68%
(d) 34%
8. Among the following the only element crystallizes into SC structure is
(a) Aluminium
(b) Sodium
(c) Germanium
(d) Polonium

9. If the lattice parameter a = 1.25 nm for a BCC structure, the nearest neighbour distance, is
(a) 0.54 nm
(b) 1.08 nm
(c) 0.88 nm
(d) 0.44 nm

10. If the lattice parameter a = 3.2 nm, for an FCC structure, the nearest neighbour distance, is
(a) 0.44 nm
(b) 4.53 nm
(c) 2.26 nm
(d) 1.13 nm

(a) 8
(b) 4
(c) 6
(d) 12

## 12. The compound GaAs has the structure identical to that of

(a) NaCl
(b) KCl
(c) MgO
(d) ZnS

13. If 0.64 nm is the inter-ionic distance of NaCl crystal the lattice parameter is

(a) 0.14 nm
(b) 2.62 nm
(c) 1.28 nm
(d) 0.56 nm

## (a) two SC structures

(b) two FCC structures
(c) two HCP structures
(d) two BCC structures

15. In a crystal lattice a plane make the intercepts 3a, 4b on x- and y-axes respectively and is parallel to z-axis. Then
the plane is represented as
(a) (4 3 0)
(b) (4 0 3)
(c) (0 4 3)
(d) (3 4 0)

16. [2 1 1] is the direction that connects the origin (0 0 0) and the point

(b) (1/2 1 1)
(c) (1 1 2)
(d) (1 2 2)

1
(a) d = q
h2 +k2 +l2
a2
1
(b) d = q
h2 +k2 2
+ l2
a2 c
1
(c) d = q
h2 2 2
+ k 2l
a2 c
1
(d) d = q
h2 2 2
+ k2 + l 2
a2 b c

## (a) Lower than ultraviolet rays

(b) Equal to ultraviolet rays
(c) Higher than ultraviolet rays
(d) Infinity

## (a) Coulomb’s law

(b) Bragg’s law
(c) Curie’s law
(d) Snell’s law

20. The X-ray diffraction method in which continuous X-rays are used is

## (a) Interference method

(b) Laue method
(c) rotating crystal method
(d) powder method