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M A R C H , 1 9 TI

The Navigator
National Publication
U. S. Coast Guard Auxiliary
U. S. Coast Guard Auxiliary
NACO J . Kevin Mitchell
NA vco Dr. Robert J . Horton
NARCO-E Lloyd Furber
NARCO-C Theodore J ohnson
NARCO-W Aime R. Bernard
NIPCO Anderson A. Cordill
CHDIRAUX Merrill K. Wood, USCG
Mary Ruth Bird, Editor
P.O. Box 187
Buford, Georgia 30518
Phone: Area 404 . 945-8833
Everyone agrees that Coast Guard Auxiliary boating
classes are a fun thing to do. Mickey Mouse says
you'd have to be "goofey" to "duck" out on one of
(See Public Affairs Sectiori.}
T h i rd C l as s M ai l
In an effort to reduce mailing costs, Coast Guard
units are being asked to scrutinize their mailings and
economize wherever possible.
It has been determined that the Navigator falls into
one of the categories where economy measures can be
made, and beginning with the next issue, the Naviga-
tor should bemailed third class. For your information,
Iamquoting fromarecent Commandant Notice which
states: "All bulk distribution of publications (includ-
ing regulations, manuals, directives, and instructions)
and blank forms will be sent as third-class mail or at
the special fourth-class rate (books)."
G.M. Chaskes
Chief, Auxiliary Planning
Budget &Special
Programs Staff, Auxiliary
and Education Division
By direction of the
(EDITOR'S NOTE): The above instructions have
been received from G.M. Chaskes at Headquarters.
This issue of the NAVIGATOR will be so directed. I
shall beinterested to knowthedelivery date at various
The NAVIGATOR may be branded as "THIRD
CLASS" but to your Editor it will always be FIRST
District 8Certificate of Operational Merit presented
Richard B. McConnell, J r. VCO
Emily A. Suters
Earl S_Suters, J r.
R. Galveston Alexander
Certificate of Administrative Merit:
J ohn R. Lucik
District 14, Hawaii Certificate of Operational
Merit presented to:
WilliamC. Harr
Robert E. J ablonski
J acob J . Fischer, III
J acob J . Fischer
Elbridge A. Durant
David Vander Hoek
Murray Winsley
Paul A. Dolan
Donal Vehon
William C. Harr
Katsuhiko T. Oniski
District 13, Awards:
Alvin L. Wilson, McMinnville, OR
Certificate of Operational Merit.
Lawrence W. Loban, McMinnville, OR
Certificate of Operational Merit.
Kenneth M. Gilbertson, Portland OR
Certificate of Operational Merit.
Richard G. Bennette, McMinnville, OR
Certificate of Operational Merit.
Letters of Commendation to:
Roger H. Drescher
Delbert Bush
A.J . Hopper
Fromthe Bridge
J . Kevin Mitchell
We have just completed the celebration of our 200
years as anation, oneof the greatest nations in record-
ed history, and as we look back on this period we
realize that the last 50 years have probably been re-
sponsible for more progress in every field than any
time during our history.
The United States Coast Guard Auxiliary has contri-
buted greatly to those last 50 years and we should be
justly proud of our contribution.
Wenow start forward with the first year, the begin-
ning, of our next one hundred. [sincerely hope that
this year will, as past years, add many new records
to our accomplishments in the cornerstones of the
In listing our long range goals in the National Pro-
gram for future projects [ failed to include one major
item. That is "PUBLIC ACCESSIBILITY" .... Coast
Guard Units exist in but a few Flotilla home areas,
and aneed exists for the public to be able to respond to
our varied invitations for Public Education, Courtesy
Examinations and Search and Rescue assistance. I
would like to encourage every Flotilla to explore the
possibility of alisting in their area telephone directories.
It would mean a great deal to the general public to find
"U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary" listed.
Our National Program will be in the hands of all
DIRAUX, DCO's, VCO's, RCO's, DVCP's and National
Staff Officers about the First of March. When the Pro-
gram is received, please check it for any possible
changes in address, telephone numbers, etc. If you
have changes, please notify PNACO I-Iarry Osbourn,
p,-AA. Commodore Osbourne will issue corrections
from time to time in order to keep the program up-to-
I am looking forward to a banner year for the Auxil-
iary in 19i7. It can be accomplished with your help.
meone said there are two words that concern
mankind. They are "progress" and "decay". Please
remember that without "progress" decay starts to set
in and we begin to die. . .our programs all live and
prosper with "progress".
MAY 6,1977
MARCH. 1977
RADM David Lauth of the Office of Boating Safety
congratulates NACO Kevin Mitchell at the start of his
This is the EXCOM. For those who have not been
alphabetized this is the National Executive Committee
of your Auxiliary. First row l to r, NA VCO Robert Hor-
ton, NACO Kevin Mitchell, CHDIRA UX Merrill Wood.
Bach row NARCO W Aime Bernard. NARCO-~' Lloyd
Furber, NARCO-C Theodore Johnson, NIPCO Ander-
son Cordill.
ational Commodore Mitchell calls attention to the
1977 National Program which will be in the hands of
all D1RAUX, DCO's, VCO's, RCO's, DVCP's and 1a-
tional Staff Officers about the first of March. When the
Program is received, please check it for any possible
corrections or changes. If you will keep PNACO Harry
Osbourn, N-AA, advised of any changes and corrections
which should be made, Commodore Osbourn will issue
an errata sheet accordingly so all National Programs
may be kept up-to-date.
Harry S. Osbourn
Robert L. Horton
What makes a good/bad National Conference?
Yes - we have had one or two National Conferences
within the past fifteen years that were considered by a
number of people as being "bad" conferences.
Conversely, wehave had many conferences when
those attending had nothing but complimentary reo
marks towards the conference. At the same time, both
complimentary and un-complimentary remarks have
been made at most every conference concerning the ar-
rangements, food service, agenda, and other things
having to do with the conference planning. Since Na-
tional Commodore Mitchell has tasked meand the other
members of the Conference Committee with the mis-
sion of selecting conference sites and cities, as well as
planning and finalizing arrangemen ts for meeting
spaces, rooms, food service, etc., I would like to know
the sentiments and desires, likes and dislikes, etc. of
those attending.
Although Commodore Mitchell is primarily the one
who determines the conference activities, draws the
conference agenda, and has final approval! disapproval
of all planning, together with final approval from the
Chief Director, it would be advantageous to know
what the conference attendees prefer. In times past
we have had numerous workshops. Some like them,
somedid not attend. The conference committee in past
conferences have selected menus delicious tothe palate,
but traumatic to the purse strings. At other times, food
selected has been nominal as to charge, but the food
quality was criticized. Many other comments as to
food, activities, fun night, outside trips for attendees
(particular the ladies), meetings of committees, etc.
have been both complimentary and un-complimentary.
Wouldyoutake the time to write me aletter or jot down
in note form your ideas, likes, dislikes, preferences,
and any other constructive criticism. or suggestions
for what you think might make a good conference.
Weknow we cannot satisfy everyone, but we'll make
an effort to satisfy the majority.
MAY 6,1977
Aime R. Bernard
As the new kid on the block for the Western Area,
this individual ispresently in alistening mood in order
to learn howmissions, functions and assets are coordi-
nated to assure a national product is adequately ac-
complished to support the Coast Guard.
Therefore, there will be few pronouncements to di-
rect effort related to specific courses of action at this
Rather, as a volunteer, my pledge to "support the
governing policies of the Commandant" will be fore-
most within my role as the spokesman for the Western
Districts on the Executive Committee of the National
Board of the Auxiliary.
With the advent of change in the composition of our
complement due to increased numbers, improved
competence in both nautical skills and leadership,
we can expect greater demands for our services, not
only fromtheCoast Guard, but also from the communi-
ties in which we live and serve. Any gains made to
prove the reliability of our skills and make the boating
public aware of our dedication to their safety can only
improve our image and posture as the best nautically
oriented safety organization in the United States.
The Editor of the Navigator informs me that 300
words is a nice round number for an article but, as in-
dicated at the beginning, I'm listening rather than
writing. I hope it meets with your approval.
Lloyd Furber
... The three words listed above can, and should,
beapplied to every Auxiliary Program by every Auxil-
... Wecan indeed be proud of being members of a
boating oriented organization consisting of approxi-
mately 45,000 members - with representation in every
state of our country; a boating organization totally
different and completely unique fromany other boating
oriented group in the world.
... Weare certainly proud of our parent organiza-
tion, the United States Coast Guard, for the opportuni-
ties afforded us to assist with the next-to-impos-
sible tasks presented by the boating public.
... Pride in who weare cannot fail to lead to Profes-
sionalism in what we do - more professional in our
Courtesy Examinations; better planned and more pro-
fessional presentation of our Public Education Courses
by our instructors. A professional approach while on
patrols and in carrying-out operational missions can
only enhance our image in the eyes of the public there-
by creating good rapport with those weserve.
... The satisfaction weexperience by improving our
skills - the "know-how" to perform our jobs in a pro-
fessional manner can only increase our pride in the
Auxiliary as well as a sense of satisfaction with our-
selves for ajob well done.
... .When weacquire this sense of pride through pro-
fessionalism our goal of Progress is sure to follow.
... Have weever asked the question - to what heights
of achievementcould the Auxiliary reach IFevery mem-
ber did their fair share of the job?
Max E. Lawrence
Why should each of us contribute to the Stonington
Project? Why should we want to promote a much
needed recreational area for the cadets at our Coast
Guard Academy? Why should we want to assist in
the formation of better officers of the United States
Coast Guard? Why should we in the USCG Auxil-
iary want to impress upon the future officers of our
Coast Guard that the AUX has, is and will assist - as
needed? Why, indeed? Think about it! Have you
made your contribution?
National Commodore Kevin Mitchell has emphasized
to our National Association of Past District Commo-
dores that the retiring of the mortgage on the Stoning-
ton/Cadet Recreational Area at the Coast Guard
Academy is to receive top priority in our present on-
going supportive projects.
The Stonington effort in 1977 is being headed up by
Branch Chief Wm. Hartman. Our initial 1977support
in this effort is the solicitation of Sustaining Mem-
berships in the Coast Guard Academy Foundation
(c/o of J ohn J ohansen, PDCO (3SA), 48S. Kirklyn Ave.,
Upper Darby, PA 19082) - all contributions being
earmarked for Stonington. Such was publicized in the
previous issue of "Navigator" and will be in upcoming
district publications. Each NAPDIC member has and
will be solicited to participate in and promote this
worthwhile effort. NACO Mitchell, Purchasing Agent
Sally Oberst and I are hopeful that an additional Ston-
ington support project (TIES) will be readied for pre-
sentation at the San Antonio Conference .
At that San Antonio Conference NAPDIC hopes to
present the first edition of the USCG AUX History
(thru 1968)to NACO Mitchell - as prepared by PDCO
Blanchard and edited by PDCO Stratton. Further,
NAPDIC V. P_Ray Donnell hopes to report an active
viable Past Captain's Association in all of our districts
and regions and NAPDIC Secretary Treasurer Bob
Parkins, 1935 Drake Ave., McKeesport, PA 15135
hopes that all PDCOs have indicated their continuing
support by sending him the $9.00 annual dues.
Finally, - WHY? - Why shouldn't we all support
Stonington and - why not all attend the San Antonio
NAPDIC will meet Thursday after general session
See you there??
Anderson A. Cordill
A hearty "well done" to all hands. With your enthus-
iasm, dedication, and initiative the USCG-AUX con-
tinued its record-setting performance in 1976. A notable
achievement was the accomplishment of more than
335,000courtesy motorboat examinations, asubstantial
increase in all categories of patrols, and possibly due
to the efforts of everyone concerned in education and
operations, a decrease in the report on the number of
lives saved from 1975. Reported assists, number of
persons assisted and the value of property assisted
and/or saved continued at ahigh volume over previous
Based on the most recent statistics available at the
time this column was written it appears that more than
40%of the Flotillas will qualify in one or more of the
Chief Director's Coast Guard Awards Programs.
A recommendation was made to the Chief Director's
staff to recognize those Flotillas which achieved their
approved goals in any program but did not necessarily
attain a level of accomplishment that would qualify
them for a Flotilla Achievement Award. This "Goal
Attainment" proposal will be keyed to the projected
goal for the current year, based on BQ plus AUXOP
members, and related to the number of courtesy ex-
aminers, instructors, etc., on record as of 1 J anuary
for the year in which the goal is to be accomplished.
The Chief Director's staff are currently reviewing this
proposal for feasibility. Results of the feasibility study
should beavailable by the National Spring Conference
in San Antonio.
Our thanks to all of you for the cards and letters we
received at the end of the year. Your comments and
compliments were most kind. If we continue to stand
shoulder to shoulder we can continue to meet new
challenges and take advantage of new opportunities
toadd luster to the already shining shield of the Auxil-
iary. The new Instructor Training Guide and the new
Officers Training Guides are almost at the point where
they can besubmitted to the printers. These additional
tools should prove extremely beneficial in the coming
The number of disenrollments processed in 1976
indicates that nowis the time for the Flotilla officers to
review their programs for the coming year to assure
that Member Training and all facets of program
activities, including social functions, are sufficiently
provided for in their meeting schedules so that every
member can be encouraged to participate in Flotilla
functions. Don't wait until next fall to find out why
your members arenot attending meetings. The respon-
sibility for member growth and retention has to be in-
itially assumed by the Flotilla.
Wearelooking forward to seeing all of you at the Na-
tional Conference in San Antonio. May you have fair
winds and following seas inall of your undertakings for
A. A. Cordill
Immediate Past
National Commodore
ADM. Owen Siler presents retiring National Commo-
dore Anderson Cordill with the Distinguished Public
Service Award.
The Michelob Schooner Boating Safety Award is
presented to Mr. John J. Eppinh, DCO~l1, by Captain
Howard Parker, Chief of Staff, Eleventh Coast Guard
District as Mrs. Parker looks on. Captain Parker is a
former Chief Director and recipient of this Award.
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t-io,u o( tlo.t CO<lHGII",.d 411dC04AL GuJ td AuxiLi"J t!f.
-Held elected office within Auxiliary continuously
over last 10years.
-Author of Eleventh District's widely known Navi-
gator Course
-Developed student workbook and local area navi-
gation chart for public education use.
-A fermer Eleventh District Instructor of the Year.
-Headed the Auxiliary's Department of Education
during development of the Boating Skills and Sea-
manship Course.
-Authored four chapters of the BS&S text.
-Helped establish the Boating Safety Center con-
cept which has since been promoted nationally by
the Coast Guard.
-Frequent contributor toboating magazines through-
out Southern California.
-As District Commodore he personally directed a
dramatic expansion in the public education pro-
gram of the Eleventh District.
As aformer Chief Director, and himself the recipient
of a Michelob Schooner, Captain Parker expressed
personal pleasure in this recognition of Mr. Eppink's
distinguished service.
J oh n E p p il k A w ard e d
M i c h e l ob S c h oon e r
Mr. J ohn J . Eppink, DCa II, was awarded the Miche-
lob Schooner Boating Safety Award at the Eleventh
District's Annual Conference, Scottsdale, Arizona, on
4December. The award was presented to Commodore
Eppink on behalf of the award's sponsor, the Anheu-
ser - Busch Company, by Captain Howard Parker,
Chief of Staff, Eleventh Coast Guard District.
In presenting this most prestigious of boating safety
awards, Captain Parker noted that Mr. Eppink is a
life long boatman, respected boating author and a
nationally known figurein boating education. Someof
his specific accomplishments in support of the Auxil-
iary and boating education were summarized. as fol-
-Member of the USPS since 1959.
-Past Commander of a Power Squadron.
-Member of the Coast Guard Auxiliary since 1965.
lffc---_ '_ . By He ad quarte rs S taff
-==i;':~/1 ~ ;:-;::- Capt. Merrill K. Wood, USCG
~~UJ IUllmk __ C_hiefD_irecto_rAUXl_'liarY _
The newExecutive Committee is already at work on
plans for Auxiliary activities in the coming season.
On J anuary 11th the National Commodores were sworn
into office by the Commandant, Admiral Owen W.
Siler. For therest of the week there was asuccession of
meetings at CG Headquarters, including one day with
the Chiefs of the six Auxiliary departments.
Many important items were considered, but the
TPL's and GAP for 1977, along with the Awards Sys-
tem, drewprime consideration.
The Coast Guard was somewhat overwhelmed by
the number of Flotillas that exceeded their goals and
earned recognition in 1976, AUXMIS has just deter-
mined that there were 162Flotillas that won theFlotilla
Achievement Award for CME; 62for PEC; 109Opera-
tions; 64Growth and Retention; 55Member Training;
and 105PR. The total number of people winning these
awards represents a healthy 43% of the total BQ and
AUXOP membership. Congratulations on such team
spirit and accomplishment.
Winners of the Flotilla Meritorious Achievement
Award and the NACO and NAVCO awards will be
announced with ceremony at the Spring National Con-
ference in San Antonio.
Many members pointed out problems and defi-
ciencies in the Awards Program. Perhaps the basic
problem is that through the Goal Attainment Process
(GAP), Flotillas were asked to establish their own
goals, then" later, a per-member share of the national
goals came back to them <,S the Flotilla goal. In most
cases thegoal established by theFlotilla and theFlotilla
share of the national goal did not compare well. We've
just mentioned a per-member share of the national
goal, and therein lies a second major problem area.
During 1976if your Flotilla membership changed, some
of your Flotilla goals changed, and so you were often
trying tohit amoving target.
The Chief Director and the National Commodores
are infirmagreement in these two areas:
1. That reasonable goals established by the Flotilla,
when attained, should berecognized, and
2, that Flotilla per-member share of the national
goals should not beamoving target, but should be
based upon the Flotillas membership count as of 1
J anuary 1977 and be frozen to that count.
Out of that common resolution details are nowbeing
worked out by a committee from the Chief Director's
Office and the National Commodores' Staff for pre-
sentation to the National Board at the San Antonio
Spring Conference.
During 1976, 35% of the total membership responded
to doing a 120%share. Based on the Awards Commit-
tee recommendations the 120%figure could be chang-
ed for 1977,
The eagerly awaited Member AUXMIS Guide, CG-
412-2, should soon be ready to go to press, There does
not appear to be a need for every member to have a
copy for personal reference, so the plan is to provide
sufficient copies to the Flotillas for reference. One
AUXMIS note should be mentioned here, On the Pub-
lic Education forms you will see a place for reporting
a twelve and a five-lesson sail course. While such a
course is under development it is not ready yet, so this
space should be left blank. This Summer the Depart-
ment of Education will promulgate further instructions
onthis newcourse which will besimilar in approach to
the present multi-lesson BS&S course, with a core and
additional modules.
In the last Washington Letter you were invited to
participate in aPoster Contest. Wereceived one poster
when the contest was first announced at the Baltimore
Fall Conference, and since then two other posters.
Weare extending the deadline to 1April. Then, if we
still do not have sufficient entries, Headquarters and
the Auxiliary Public Affairs Department will develop
newposters on their own initiative. Where are all your
Last issue, too, we spoke of Phase II in the Marine
Dealer Visit Program. This campaign is underway
with the help of the new "Representatives Guide" for
Auxiliarists making the visits. All dealers will be con-
tacted again during Phase II. Special emphasis in
Phase II is 'beingput upon encouraging dealers to sign
a Marine Dealer Boating Safety Pledge after agreeing
toat least four areas of cooperation in promoting boat-
ing safety as outlined in the Pledge. Those signing the
pledge will be issued a Cooperating Marine Dealer
decal. This decal should then be put on the marine
dealer's showroomwindowto showthe general public
that he is a cooperating marine dealer. All dealers
will be given the previously promised "Information
Package," whether they sign the pledge or not. The
Marine Dealer Visit campaign is another important
Auxiliary contribution to the Coast Guard's boating
safety program!
Weare getting in on the current "craze" for T shirt
messages with an Iron-on patch that says "I'ma Better
Boater - Coast Guard Boating Education." Directors
have received asupply todistribute toAuxiliarists and
BOSDETS for hand-outs at Boat Shows, CME stations,
PE classes, etc.
Many have felt that, to better guide Auxiliarists, an
"Administrative Penalty Code" would be helpful. At
theFall Conference in Baltimore apreliminary writing
was circulated as a"sounding," and tosolicit solutions
to someproblems raised.
From this "sounding" it was concluded that a need
does exisit for such a code. The EXCOMM, at the
J anuary meetings, asked that a recommendation be
prepared for consideration by the National Board at
the Spring Conference in San Antonio.
Last Fall theCommandant established an Auxiliary
Planning Board toidentify possible future missions for
the Auxiliary and to take into consideration the man-
power, money and materials needed toproperly admin-
ister and support the Auxiliary.
Theresults of this Board's preliminary research will
be presented to the National Board in San Antonio
this April by Captain G. L. Kraine, Deputy Chief, Of-
ficeof Boating Safety, whois the planning board chair-
man. A proposed plan for the Auxiliary will then be
submitted to the Commandant by this Summer.
For those of you who are not familiar with this pro-
ject, here is some background information. The Plan-
ning Board representatives were selected from the
Officeof Boating Safety and many other Coast Guard
Offices. Auxiliary representatives are National Com-
modore J . Kevin Mitchell and Past National Commo-
doreAnderson Cordill.
The first meetings weremeant toeducate the various
board members about the Auxiliary and what it has
beendoing for the Coast Guard. Following the initial
briefings. the representatives consulted with other
program managers at Coast Guard Headquarters to
determine potential missions for the Auxiliary. This
list of missions was delivered to the National Commo-
dore and to all District Commanders for their com-
men s. These mission areas and comments from the
District Commanders "ill be discussed with the Na-
tional Board at San Antonio.
D. F. Lauth
Here are some brief up-dates on happenings in the
Officeof Boating Safety:
The 16th meeting of the National Boating
Safety Advisory Council was held in Tampa, Fla.,
on22and 23February 1977. At this meeting the Coun-
cil discussed glare elimination and visual distress
signals, as well as other topics.
The Boating Safety Conference for District
Boating Safety Chiefs was held at the Transpoint
Building in Washington, D.C., February 7-9, 1977.
Three items of particular interest (among others)
werediscussed: District funding of the Boating Safety
Program; CG Auxiliary administration and use; ex-
periences regarding boats not having certification
labels being displayed at boat shows.
The American National Red Cross has made a
supply of their pamphlet "White Water in an Open
Canoe" available to the Coast Guard. A supply will be
sent to all BOSTEAMs for redistribution to BOSDETs
and other interested organizations.
The National Boating Education Seminar will
beheld at the Oklahoma Center for Continuing Educa-
tion on the campus of Oklahoma State University,
Norman, Oklahoma, on 2and 3March 1977.
Most materials for the Dealer Visit Program were
shipped tothe Directors of Auxiliary about 1December
1976. The Marine Dealer Representative's Guide was
not included in the mailing. It will be shipped later.
The Winter 1977 Boating Safety Public Service
Announcements weredistributed during the week of
J anuary 24th.
Thespots dealt with coldweather boating, specifical-
ly hypothermia, and wearing of PFDs.
They were sent to 350 TV and 1300radio stations
throughout the country.
Imight add that almost all of the proposed missions
are already being performed in oneDistrict or another
at this time. A major intent of the planning board is to
legitimizeand standardize thosemissions already being
YN 2 Joseph A. Sierra, in the Chief Director's Of-
fice, receiving the Coast Guard Achievement Medal
from RADM David F. Lauth, Chief, Office of Boating
Safety. Petty Officer Sierra was given this award for
his contributions to the A UXMIS program and his cap-
able Spanish translations of boating safety narratives.
L to r: Don Hughes, DSOIOP; RADM David Lauth,
Chief of Boating Safety; Roland Boldine, VCo.
The 3rd Northern Auxiliary booth at the N. Y. Boat
Show of which we can all be justly proud. This booth
was the direct' result of the efforts of Don Hughes,
DSOIOP and Bob Topping, DSOICM who directed
the efforts of many Auxiliarists in its creation and
manning during the show.
J _
Lt. John Hruska, Assistant Director of Auxiliary
(Detached) Eleventh Coast Guard District is shown
wearing the "Desert Viking Award" presented to him
by Mr. Tom Alexander, Arizona Boating Law Adminis-
trator. This unique "award" was made to Lt. Hruska
in appreciation for his contributions to the Arizona
boating program. Mr. Alexander who is President of
the National Association of State Boating Law Adminis-
trators and a member of the Boating Safety Advisory
Council, stated that this "award" was selected in reo
cognition of Lt. Hruska's success in adjusting to desert
life after 5previous Coast Guard tours in climatic zones
more favorable to tundra than cacti. The presentation
was made at the Eleventh District Auxiliary Annual
Conference,.in Scottsdale, Arizona, on 4 December 1976.
Governor Mills E. Godwin, Jr. of Virginia, was recent-
ly presented with a United States Coast Guard Auxil-
iary Safe Boating Award in recognition of his invalu-
able assistance in the safe boating program. Present-
ing the award are William Olmsted Aruozzi, Captain
Division Ill,and Alice L. Smith, Public Relations Of-
ficer for the Division. The Governor had many kind
things to say about the work of the Coast Guard Auxil.
iary in Virginia. The presentation was made in the
Governor's office.
RADM W. A. Jenkins, Superintendent of the Coast
Guard Academy in Neus London, Conn., is shown in
the above picture. Mary Evans, the Editor of the 7th
District Auxiliary publication THE BREEZE, recently
had the priviledge of visiting the Academy and discuss-
ing the Auxiliary's actiuities with him.
RADM Jenkins said that more and more cadets are
using the Recreation Area and that it is a welcome
addition to the many fine facilities of the Academ y
He also stated that as soon as the fund raising drive
by the Coast Guard Auxiliary to payoff the mortgage at
Stonington is complete, the deed will be retired and the
property transferred to the Coast Guard Academy for
continued use for the cadet programs.
As many other Coast Guard Officers have done,
RADM Jenkins added that the Coast Guard really
depends on the Auxiliary in so many facets of its work.
From THE BREEZE, 7th Dist.
At the recent 7th C.G. District Auxiliary Conference
our National Commodore J. Kevin Mitchell, modeled
his new hat with the new NACO braid on it. The hat
was a gift of the SUPER SEVENTH Auxiliary. Looking
on approvingly are CDR Dave Markey DIRA UX 7th
Coast Guard Dist., RADM Robert Durfey, Command-
er 7th Coast Guard District and DCa Newton Baker
From THE BREEZE, 7th Dist.
MARCH,1977 PAGE 11
T h e C oas t G uard
A c ad e m y S ay s
II T h an k s "
COMMa Anderson Cordill, USCG Auxiliary
Sacramento, California 95818
Deal' Andy:
1write on behalf of the cadets of the Coast Guard
Academy to express the grateful appreciation of the
Corps for the Auxiliary's major contribution in support
of the Coast Guard Academy Foundation's Recreation
Area. Retirement of the mortgage held on the Recrea-
tion Area will make the beginning of development of
that area for maximum use by cadets.
Of equal importance is the fact that our graduates,
who will serve throughout the world, will be familiar
with the Coast Guard Auxiliary and its vital rolein sup-
port of the Coast Guard through early association with
the Auxiliary and its generous support of the Recrea-
tion Area.
I would like to add my personal expression of grati-
tude to the Auxiliarists for their support and confidence
in this project.
W.A. J enkins
Rear Admiral, U.S.C.G.
it has been cold outside! It is not necessary to tell
Auxiliarists in the East how cold it was. In the Editor's
bailiwick, Lake Lanier, twenty-live miles long, froze
lightly for the first time in its twenty-year existence.
Witness the yacht chair on the ice in the Marina.
Publ ic A ffairs
Fac t S h e e t U. S . C oas t
Guard A ux il iary
Summary of 1976Accompltshments
1976 1975 1975
Lives Saved 878 910 3,812
Assisted 55,910 45,099
Value of
Vessels Saved $ 11,242,600
Value of
Assisted $157,428,300 $142,094,600
Coast Guard
Missions 28,518 13,094
CG Assistance
Missions 19,083 16,171
Boating Class
Enrollments 550,575* 444,623 2,609,300
Exams 335,198* 303,755 1,903,621
Boating Class
Instructors 11,773
Examiners 12,146 11,595
Facilities** 14,803 14,651
Membership 45,111 43,944
Number of
Flotillas 1,404 1,379
Number of
Divisions 198 196
* - new annual record
** - vessels, aircraft and radio stations
Public Relations Division .
Department of Public Affairs
Scanning the Coast Guard Auxiliary's total 1976
accomplishments for the parent service and the na-
tion's pleasure boaters, it was another banner year of
A newhigh mark was hit in PE class enrollees. The
same for CMEs. And off-shore, Auxiliarists and their
crews were credited with saving 878 lives and dis-
tressed vessels valued at $11,242,600. Since 1970 Aux-
iliarists have saved 3,812lives.
The annual AUXMIS summary of Auxiliary services
showed that nearly 15,000 member-owned facilities
combined in providing emergency aid to 55,910 recrea-
tional boat people, plus emergency assistance in var-
ious ways to vessels with a total value of $157,428,300.
Heavy dependence of the U.S. Coast Guard on its
volunteer 45,OOO-member civilian component also is
reflected in 1976 "under orders" search, rescue and
patrol missions. They increased from 16,171 the pre-
vious year to 19,083.
Various types of support missions jumped by upwards
of 100 per cent from 13,094 to 28,518. Safety and reo
gatta patrols climbed from 30,900 in 1975 to 37,173.
In ayear-end tribute to "those members of our Coast
Guard family in the Coast Guard Auxiliary," Rear Ad-
miral D.F. Lauth, Chief, Office of Boating Safety, U.S.
Coast Guard, praised highly the Auxiliary's "record-
breaking achievements in operational missions, public
boating courses and courtesy motorboat examinations."
NACO J .Kevin Mitchell and NIPCO A.A. Cordill com-
mended Auxiliarists in all Districts/Regions for a job
"superbly well done."
The Auxiliary was outstanding in on-shore activity.
A corps of 12,146vessel examiners conducted 335,198
courtesy motorboat safety equipment exams, a new
annual record.
In classrooms throughout the 50 states, the Antilles,
Guam and American Samoa, Auxiliary instructors
conducted public boating classes for a new record
550,575 students.
With the spiraling annual growth and popularity of
boating as arecreational pastime, the Coast Guard has
underscored the continuing urgency of these two Auxi-
liary on-shore programs, and noted that in the past
seven years Auxiliarists have enrolled a total of
2,609,300 in boating courses and given 1,903,621 CMEs.
The annual summary also showed an increase in
Auxiliary membership from 43,944 in 1975 to 45,111.
The number of Flotillas moved upfrom 1,379 to 1,404.
Bob LaBlonde
P ub l i c A ffai rs T arg e ts
P ri ori ty for A oti l l as
Putting useful PR and public affairs ideas and ma-
terials into Flotilla hands - where they do the most
good - is a top priority for those responsible on the
1977national staff.
To insure that this help works effectively, similar
high priority attention and follow-up is required of
District and Division staffers.
Without it, let's face reality. A communication gap at
any level tosses a wrench into best efforts put forth to
reach our customers - the boating public.
Even worse, it wastes funds spent by the Auxiliary
and the Coast Guard to create helpful materials.
In a move toward improved all-round performance
in this key area of Auxiliary activity, the Department
of Public Affairs has realigned some of its staff func-
tions and responsibilities.
For example:
In the Public Relations Division the new National
Media Relations Branch devotes its attention to telling
the Auxiliary story through nation-wide channels
such as the major news services, national radio and TV,
national boating magazines, etc., thereby advancing
our national reputation in the boating safety field.
Heading this Branch is H. Robert Rocks, BC-PRN,
producer in the CBS Network News Department, New
Also in the PR Division, the newIntra-Auxiliary Ser-
viceBranch is the transmission belt of print and broad-
cast materials, ideas, suggestions and guidance, to Flo-
tillas primarily, but also to Divisions and Districts.
The product of this Branch is intended for end use by
public relations and publications officers, some of it
for members only, some for the public. It will cover
materials originating from within the Auxiliary and
from the U.S. Coast Guard.
This Branch is headed by William J . Bennett, BC-
PRI, who is PR director of a Rochester NY bank.
The Promotional Materials Branch, also in the PR
Division, is an "idea factory" .... the source for ideas,
special projects, performance case histories and in-
cidents, and related materials considered helpful in
widest visibility for the Auxiliary and in promoting
boating classes, vessel exams and membership.
In charge of this Branch is William O'Keefe, BC-
PRP, of Lawrence MA, past DSO-PR-l.
Two newBranches in the Liaison Division, which is
headed by Robert Rose, DVC-PL, of Tequesta FL, who
handled the 1976 Auxiliary bicentennial program,
have considerable local area values.
The new -ational Organizations Branch is responsi-
ble for developing wide-scale working relationships
with a large number of national organizations which
have safety and boating interests. Among them in addi-
tion to the U.S. Power Squadrons are the National
Safety Council and local chapters, National Water
Safety Congress, Navy League, Scouts, Chambers of
Commerce, J aycees, and national civic service clubs.
All have state and local application.
Heading this Branch is Karroll M. Darpino, BC-PLO,
of Portsmouth VA, past DSO-PR-5.
Also newand with great potential for the Auxiliary is
the State Boating Agencies Branch, responsible for
establishing and maintaining effective working rela-
tionship with the public relations/publicity/publications
sections of all state boating agencies. A basic duty is
to insure aflowof Auxiliary news, features and photos
for their usein widely distributed communications with
This Branch isheaded by J ohn K. Robinson, BC-PLS,
of Atlanta GA, secretary of the Southern Governors
With this new lineup, plus the established Member-
ship Division under Herb Packard, DVe-PM; Womens'
Activities Division under J ackie Ellisor, DVC-PW;
theCoast Guard Academy Division under Paul Richard-
son, DBC-PC, and Bill Ferguson, DVC-PR, heading the
PR Division it looks like a block-buster of a year.
Bob LaB Ionde
A tte n ti on ! Ne w P R Offi c e rs
This message is directed to newly appointed public
relations officers - Flotilla, Division and District.
With the turn of this year, you have undertaken a
key assignment. Make sure that in the transfer to you
from your predecessor you received a full briefing -
also that the many useful PR materials distributed
nationally over the past year or two(or samples thereof)
are handed over to you.
For your info, these items include:
Booklet "Guide Lines for Public Relations Officers".
Booklet "Supplement No.1 to above "Guide Lines".
Booklet on Preparing Boat Show Exhibits.
Booklet on Safe Boating Week Promotions.
Press Folio of "Flipper Says" Featurettes.
Countertop Leaflet Dispensers and Filler Leaflets.
These are but a fewof the more important items of
value toincoming staffers. Please note these materials
arenot personal property. They belong tothe Auxiliary.
They are not to beretained by outgoing staff members.
They belong in the hands of appointed officers through-
out their tour of duty. In most instances, duplicates
are not available.
Bob LaBlonde
MAY 6,1977
Publ ic A ffairsc:::ti?""LABLD'DE DC.P
The ever-p op ul ar l ittl e resid ents of Disneyl and at
A naheim C A have joined hand s with A ux il iarists of
the E l eventh District in hel p ing p romote safe p l easure
On these p ages are a coup l e of p ictorial ex amp l es.
During an A ux il iary shooting" session in mid -
February, Donald Duck, Mickey Mouse and Goofy
played star roles in TV photography and still pictures
on behalf of our public boating courses and CMEs.
A rrangements for this ex cel l ent p ubl ic rel ations
scoop were made through the combined efforts of the
Auxiliary and LCDR J . F. Ebersole, DIRAUX-I L Na-
tional Distribution of the TV "spots" and still photos
can beexpected shortly.
I n the p hoto of M ick ey M ouse, hap p y at receiving a
CME decal for his boat, is Examiner Erskine Caldwell,
.r-, Commander of Flotilla 11/10.
Flotilla Commander Caldwell has help from Mickey,
Donald and Goofy who tell the youngsters that boating
courses are fun to tak e and bring together some great
A nd whil e Goofy carries the A ux il iary boating cl ass
banner, he shocks Mickey and Donald by failing to
wear his PFD.
Mickey Mouse is delighted with his 1977 "Seal of
Safety" decal. Hauing passed an Auxiliary Courtesy
Examination, Mickey is presented with his decal by
Coast Guard Auxiliarist Erskine Caldwell, Jr.
MAY 6,1977
Coast Guard Auxiliary boating classes are for every-
one. The youth courses are fun to take and they bring
together some great "characters."
Even Donald Duck takes along a personal flotation
device when boating. Don't duck your responsibility.
Carry a PFD for everyone on board.
With deep regret we report the untimely death in
mid-J anuary of Fred Stamen, a long-time Brooklyn
NY Auxiliarist, whose public relations expertise
over the years has been of great value to the Third
Coast Guard District and to the Auxiliary's Third Nor-
thern Region.
Fred, publisher of the Brooklyn Times and owner of
aManhattan management consulting firm, had been a
1977 selectee to serve as Chief of the new National
Media Relations Branch (BC-PRN) in the Department
of Public Affairs.
Heartfelt sympathies are extended to his widow,
Catherine, also an Auxiliarist, who gave Fred contin-
uous assistance in his many PH activities for both the
Coast Guard and the Auxiliary, particularly during his
handling of key PR details for the bicentennial Tall
Ships visit to New York harbor last J uly.
Bob LaB Ionde
Two significant changes have recently been made in
the National Division of Career Candidates. To achieve
amore realistic designation, the Division is nowentitled
Coast Guard Academy Division. The other change,
which is largely responsible for the new title, is that the
Stonington Project has been transferred tothis Di vision.
Weare extremely fortunate to obtain the services of
Mr. William C. Hartman, a prominent Promotional
and Public Affairs executive of Syracuse, N.Y. to as-
sume the appointment as Branch Chieffor this Division.
He is now developing plans for the promotion of this
Project, which will be announced nationally.
PDCO Herschell Cripps will continue to handle the
distribution of all promotional material for cadet
procurement. Hemakes monthly visits to the Academy
and keeps in touch with all departments which relate to
our activities.
The latest count of applicants for the class of 1981
at the Academy is8,659. The present total of applicants
from candidates who attended Project AIM 1976 is
113, plus 5 who attended Project AIM 1975, or 67%.
Project AIM 1977 will be held at the Academy during
7-12August This extends the Project to5days and will
permit a more orderly departure of the candidates.
It is important toremember that high school J U 'IORS
only are eligible for this Project
While weencourage a wide distribution of candidates,
if a Division or a District decides that they cannot
send a candidate to Project AIM, they can, and should,
participate in the AIM Program. After all, the purpose
ofthe Program is to assist the Academy in the selection
of desirable cadets. We should not be turned off
because of a large list of applicants. For example, sta-
tistics on the class of 1979reveal that 6,900 applied, but
only 57% completed their application forms; 45.7%
Qualified as Finalists; 9.3%were offered an appoint-
nent and 5.7%or 400 reported at the Academy. You
can understand that there is competition for this final
5.7%and that is why we need to be active in cadet
Paul B. Richardson
B ak e l e s s B ak e S al e
We in the Third Southern Region have taken the
National Commodore's words of "IMPOSSIBLE
DREAM" and have tried to make it come true.
Weare trying in an extra effort to pay our fair share of
the debt at the Coast Guard Academy Recreational
All members of the Third Southern will receive a
letter of our BAKE LESS BAKE SALE!
To date wehave collected $281.00 for 2months work
so far. There are no man hours involved. One person
sends the letters out and keeps records of the money
Here is our little Tale.
A bit of news we have today
a bakeless bake sale is on its
way. In these busy days now
who can bake pies, cookies, or
even a cake!'!
You'd be surprised if you counted
the cost of materials, heat and
time you've lost; cooking for
sales is extra work, yet nobody
wishes to shirk.
So we've thought of a plan that
is really grand, and feel quite
sure you'll understand.
In this little envelope, please
put the price of pie or cake or
something nice. Without fuss or
bother you've done your part!!!!
We're sure you'll give with a
willing heart.
This is the end of our little
tale wishing success for our
Bakeless Bake Sale .
We have sent this out to three Di visions so far and
the balance will get their letter as time goes along.
PS: There are members that want to know where
their letter is. They haven't received it as yet, and they
want to get in on it.
Shirley J . Derr
Publ ic Affairs9'S?,,"CABLo'OEOC.P
M us e um D i s p l ay
The museum at the United States Coast Guard Aca-
demy has given space totheAuxiliary for display of our
historical memorabilia. Recently the Auxiliary has
p urchased two museum d isp l ay cases for our d isp l ay.
These cases are now set up in a corner of the A cad emy
museum, ready to be filled with any articles that we
would like to display to the visiting public.
A t the p resent time we d o not have very much to d is-
p l ay, so this message is an ap p eal for any articl es of a
historical nature, such as ol d -styl e uniform insignia,
ol d fl ags or p ennants, p ictures of Temp orary R eserve
or early Auxiliary, or anything that you think might be
used in this display. Wewould prefer that the articles
bedonated to the Auxiliary for display purposes, but
woul d consid er accep ting anything on a l oan basis and
returning them to you after being p ut on d isp l ay for
six mon ths to one year.
Look around through your A ux il iary record s and p ar-
aphernalia, and seewhat youcan find for this display.
Wouldn't it be nice to have your family visit the Aca-
d emy museum fifty years from now and see something
on d isp l ay that was used or worn by their Grand mother
or Grand father when they were in the C G A ux il iary.
I f you have anything fOT this museum d isp l ay, p l ease
Herschell R Cripps, BCPCA
100Royland Rd.
Warwick, RL 02889
D on ' t Op e n th e D oor
J im Bulgier and Ace Givan, Dist, 2W, were out on
patrol at Bonny Dam, near Burlington, Colorado, al-
most ontheKansas line. In theevening after the patrol
we witnessed the fol l owing incid ent.
A man and his wife p ul l ed into the ramp area and p re-
pared their boat (a new one) for launching. He was
trailering it behind anewFord station wagon. He told
his wifetoridedown the ramp in the boat and as soon
as it was in the water, to start the motor and back it
off the trailer. The ramp was rather steep and when
theboat was in the water, she did as she was told. The
boat backed out into the water alright, but since her
husband had forgotten to untie the boat from the
trailer, sodid the trailer and the car. When she finally
realized what was happening, she stopped the boat.
The car was in deepwater and floating. The husband
then decided to leave the car, opened the door to get
out, and the car promptly sunk. (Editor's note. Ace
doesn't tell us the final outcome, but what would you
have done?)
Peter W. Mueller,
PA GE 1 6
Flotilla 9-10of Fort Myers-Cape Coral Florida was so
impressed with the article appearing in the J une 1976
issue of the NAVIGATOR regarding the "walking
billboards" produced by the Tee-Shirt idea of Flotilla
303, Division III, Dist. 1, that they have formed their
own TeeShirt Brigade.
M ona Ferguson, one of our most active women mem-
bers sp earhead ed the d rive to interest members. A
local art shop on Sanibel Island made the silk screen
design and produced the shirts.
A t a recent Training M eeting, most everyone came
attired in their new "uniforms" and the event p roved
to be a huge success. Shirts were ord ered in a ful l range
of sizes for both men and women with even a few chil d -
ren's and infants' shirts incl ud ed . They mak e unusual
Christmas and birthday gifts for Auxiliarists' grand-
children, as well as an excellent way to promote Auxil-
iary Activities. Hats off to Flotilla 303! They started
a great idea and weare happy to copy them.
Charles H. Domville
FSOPR, Flotilla 910
Div. IX Dist. 7
OH #!*?-#*!
Margaret A. Soderholm
Flotilla Commanders
Flotilla PR and PB Officers
Speakers' Bureaus
If you're on the lookout for some effective factual
inputs to help add spice to your communication with
your boating audience, a good start is to lift some of
the data from the Auxiliary "annual report" for 1976
(seepage 12, this issue of the NAVIGATOR).
Here's an accomplishments record of which all
WORKING MEMBERS of the Auxiliary can be proud.
Why not sit down and discuss it with your local news-
paper editorial writers, sports editor, columnists?
Your talk show commentators on radio/TV? Your
civic clubs?
Let them become familiar with Auxiliary achieve-
ments in 1976. It's a great record. Give them a full
run-down of our free PE and VE and other boating
safety services available to the public.
Get themturned on, sothat - in their own fashion -
they are in abetter position to give your boating public
customers the full Auxiliary story.
But remember - This annual report summary is only
astarter. There also isthe "Basic Auxiliary Background-
er" fact sheet. It has been distributed far and wide
throughout the Auxiliary, as your DSO-PR and DIR-
AUX know. Make good use of it.
Also, put Supplement No.1 to "Guide Lines for Pub-
lic Relations Officers" to work. It is loaded with press,
radio, TV, and speakers' bureau material.
Let's be honest. None of these basic materials can
help you and your goals unless you stand up and put
them to work. The answer is "YOU".
Bill Bennett
If you were fortunate enough to have seen the full
half hour Safe Boating television show produced by
Station WESH, Orlando, Florida, 5 J une 1976, on the
"Florida's Watching" program, or if you see it in the
future (because rumors have it that it may go national),
here is the inside story of how it was accomplished.
The whole thing is the brain child of Edward C. Dert-
inger, Sr., FSO-PR 42, Melbourne, Florida, and Mr.
J ohn E. Evans, Editorial Director, Channel 2, NBC TV,
Orlando, Florida. Dertinger's idea for public relations
and public education television shorts was escalated
by Mr. Evans toafull scale production. This took some
doing for a Flotilla that is boating oriented and not
television oriented.
Dertinger and his assistant, Salvadore F. Martinez,
headed upthe big show task force; and aided and as-
sisted byFlotilla members, and with constructive advice
from Division IV, procured the use of the Patrick Air
Force Base Yacht Club for the location. A derelict
vessel had to be obtained, located in position and
some paint work done on it. Plans had to be made for
the many simulated accidents and problems involv-
ing poor seamanship. Rehearsals and work parties
NS B W -
P utti n g It A l l T og e th e r
J uly 4, 1977 again will evidence an anniversary of
National Safe Boating Week. There will be no Bicen-
tennial Celebration to inspire our efforts. We will
need to seek new avenues of inspiration and new out-
lets for our creativity.
In a number of locations this past year it was ade-
quately demonstrated that several boating organiza-
tions working hand in hand could produce a successful
NSBW program. In the present year it will beadvanta-
geous for all Auxiliary units to seek out and strive for
the same type of cooperation among boating oriented
groups, such as the U.S. Power Squadrons, Red Cross,
public and civic groups, state boating agencies, marine
dealers and boating clubs. The need is to increase our
coordinated efforts toward helping the boating public
attain safety on the waterways.
In the beginning, when Congress put its stamp of
approval on NSBW, it, in essence, acknowledged that
a safe boating effort in behalf of the people had been
lacking onanational scope. It intended that all groups,
each with a "core of boating safety" at its center, join
in the activities of this very special week. Let us pro-
fessionalize our behavior by taking the lead in seeking
out these related groups and by exercising our leader-
ship qualities. Let us organize and coordinate what
each is able to do. This is how we can become rein-
spired to do the job Congress, the President and our
own officers expect of us.
C. Peter Marini
were held. Finally on 2J une all was ready.
The actual shooting took hours under a broiling hot
sun. Camera crews labored and Auxiliarists worked
at acting and getting things done. The ladies of the
Flotilla, under the direction of Mrs. Nellie Dertinger
had a fine lunch prepared for all hands. The only
trouble was that there was so little available time to
eat and enjoy it. Nevertheless the last count showed
that everyone survived the shoot and were all pro-
claimed by Mr. Evans to befine actors.
A number of "wrongs" were simulated including
causing a boat to capsize in a wake, improper water
skiing, careless docking, improper boat launching,
bow riding and fire. As "rights", a simulated CME
and public education class was taped. Both were aug-
mented with explanations of what the U.S. Coast Guard
Auxiliary is all about and what it does for the public.
The illustrations show the inside story of how some
of the more spectacular simulation shots were made.
F. M. Fellows
Melbourne, Fl. -Diat. 7
Taken from The Breeze
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prepared bythe
United State. Coast
Guard Auxiliary
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de>and '- 10ciaIt nr>" n.. ~ ... 11.,.
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The ad describes the book's contents and carries a
purchase coupon by which the text may beordered for
$4.95 through DCE Harold B. Haney and the Coast
Guard Auxiliary National Board, Inc.
But the good promotional news does not stop there.
As asequel to the big boost fromSears, out of Atlanta
comes word that one of America's foremost marine
suppliers, Griffin's Outboard Marine, Inc., will be full
tilt behind the CME program in its 1978one inch-thick,
widely distributed marine catalog.
All boating safety items required during a vessel
exam will be identified with the Auxiliary's "Seal
of Safety" shield throughout the catalog.
Arrangements for this significant industry coopera-
tion in the Atlanta area were negotiated successfully
by the able editor of THE NAVIGATOR, Mary Ruth
Bird, long-time friend of the Griffin organization.
Chalk upanother pair of "scoops" for theAuxiliary's
courtesy examand public education programs via pro-
motion through marine supply catalogs.
Alertness and ingenuity on the part of IPDC-P
Bill Loarie has resulted in the popular Sears boating
and fishing catalog for 1977 repeating its all-out col-
laboration of past years with the Auxiliary.
In the marine portions of the newSears catalog, all
items of boating safety equipment as required in a
courtesy motorboat exam are identified by a sizeable
"Seal of Safety" shield.
Incorporated into each shield identification are de-
tails about the CME program, the importance of insur-
ing complete safety of aboat, and guidance to the boat-
er onhowtoarrange with thenearest Auxiliary Flotilla
for a freevessel exam.
Sears support also includes another major step on
behalf theAuxiliary. The 1977boating and fishing cata-
log carries a half-page ad promoting the public sale of
our basic text "Pleasure Boating and Seamanship."
Bob LaBlonde
J ul i us C oop e r Hon ore d
NewYork- The Olin Marine Safety Award for 1976
was presented here today to Div. Capt. J ulius Cooper,
Division 2, U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, Chicago, Ill.
The Olin Marine Safety Award is presented each year
during the National Boat Show by Olin Corporation's
Signal Products Operation, manufacturer of marine
safety flares and signal launchers, to individuals who
have made significant voluntary contributions in the
areas of training, search and rescue, education and
writing, that advance the cause of boating safety.
The winner was selected by a panel of judges corn-
posed of the editors of "Boating," "Sail," "Rudder,"
"Motorboat," "Motor Boating and Sailing," and "Yacht-
ing" magazines. The judges' selection was made from
nominations submitted by the members of the National
Association of State Boating LawAdministrators (NA-
SBLA), the United States Power Squadrons, and the
U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary.
During the year 1976, Captain Cooper personally
skippered or helped to crew more than 30 patrols on
Lake Michigan. Healso performed numerous courtesy
motorboat examinations and conducted boating courses
for the public, as well as advanced courses in communi-
cations, seamanship, patrols and administration for
fellowmembers of the Coast Guard Auxiliary. He also
taught a course in small boat handling to U.S. Coast
Guard personnel.
During the summer months, from the helm of his
cruiser, J U-AL, Captain Cooper broadcasts boating
reports on WNIS-FM Radio in Chicago. As a lecturer
and as a frequent guest on radio and television pro-
grams, heconstantly promotes thecause of safeboating.
In addition, he broadcasts numerous radio and televi-
sion spots for the Coast Guard Auxiliary. He is also
afounding member and active participant of the Coast
Guard Recruiting Council, which recruits students for
the U.S. Coast Guard Academy.
Under Captain Cooper's direction, a CG Auxiliary
radio station was established near Navy Pier inChicago
at the end of the 1976boating season. The station's
radio direction finder, built and paid for by Captain
Cooper's division and by donations from various elec-
tronics manufacturers, was responsible for locating
and directing rescue efforts at several boats lost on
Lake Michigan.
In 1972 Captain Cooper formed Flotilla 2-10 of the
CGAuxiliary in Chicago. Under his leadership, Flotil-
la2-10wasvoted thenation's best, winning theNational
Board Trophy and the Chief, Office of Boating Safety
Award for the year 1973. From 1973 through 1976,
Captain Cooper served as Branch Chief-Advertising,
an appointed position, on the CG Auxiliary's national
board. In recognition of his work, he received three
Certificates of Award fromthe national CG Auxiliary
Captain Cooper is currently serving as vicechairman
of the Water Safety Commission, Illinois Department
of Conservation, Law Enforcement Division.
MARCH,1977 PAGE 19
In addition to his work for the CG Auxiliary and the
State of Illinois, which is voluntary and nonremunera-
tive, Captain Cooper writes a nationally syndicated
weekly column entitled "Boating," which is printed by
70newspapers with a combined circulation of 30 mil-
Captain Cooper isemployed as an engineering mana-
ger with Bell &Howell Company.
The Olin Marine Safety Award for 1976 is the ninth
such award presented by the Olin Signal Products Op-
eration to promote boating safety nationwide.
Auxiliary Vice Commander receives belated Navy
Auxiliary ViceCommander receives
belated Navy Medal
Edward C. Martin, Vice Commander of Flotilla 54,
District 9, U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, based at Warren,
Ohio, was recently awarded a much-belated medal from
the U.S. Navy for unselfish and dedicated service as a
deep sea diver while stationed in Australia and at Pearl
Harbor during World War Il.
John P. Cerni, Commander of Flotilla 54, presented
the medal to Vice Commander Martin during a recent
meeting of the Flotilla. Mr. Martin has been a very
active member and officer of the Auxiliary for many
years and is also an officer in the U.S. Power Squadron
based at nearby Mosquito Lake.
Lavis R. Crooks
Fl. 54
J ackie Ellisor
First I want to tell you, an error was made in the
December 1976 issue of the NAVIGATOR "If wear-
ing your uniform after 1800(6:00p.m.), you are to take
off your name tag." I understood that there was a
change, and checked with several persons. I goofed.
The proper way to wear the name tag is as follows:
If you are wearing a uniform which calls for wearing
of the name tag, you will continue to do so no matter
what time of day it is. Also, if you are wearing the
Dinner Dress Uniform. which is the only one where
the name tag is not worn, you will not wear your
name tag no matter what time of day. I am happy this
came out, for half the country seemed to be wearing it
after 1800 and the other half were not. Now we all
have the same ruling.
More questions have been asked on the new uniform.
Following are the answers for all Auxiliarists.
1. The collar insignia is worn on the shirt collar
with the Service Dress Blue Uniform. This applies to
both men and women.
2. The shoulder boards are the same size for both
men and women. Also there is a member shoulder
board to be worn by the members who have never held
and do not currently hold an appointed or elected
3. The instructions on the slacks are: Blue Dress
Double Knit worn with Service Dress Blue and Tropical
Uniforms. Blue Polyester/Cotton slacks with the
Work Uniform.
4. The white short sleeve shirt and black tie are to
be worn when transforming the ladies Service Dress
Blue into a Dinner Dress Blue Uniform are the same
as we have been wearing.
5. Those of you who need more order forms for one
reason or another ask your DSO-MA to order these
for you from the National Store. There .are no more
packets or brochures.
6. There have been a number of questions on
what you can wear with what. There was a sheet on
in all the packets. The "0"stands for optional and the
"X" stands for preferred. This explains this informa-
tion fully.
7. The Dinner Dress Uniform of White J acket or
Blue J acket worn with either long or short skirt, cum-
merbund and tiara has not changed. It is an approved
uniform. Ask your ADSOPRW where these may be
8. The question about when should you take off
your hat indoors at Auxiliary functions has risen. Ac-
cording to CG404 Section 0506, page 44:
"5. During flotilla, division, district and national
business meetings; at seminars and working
sessions; and at luncheons; women shall re-
move their hats as men do."
This may change but at present that is what CG404
9. Skirt lengths. CG404 Section 0302, page 36
last sentence of b. "Adjustments of length to conform
with current fashion will be as prescribed by compe-
tent authority." According to the office of the Chief
Director, "Skirt lengths, except for formal uniforms,
will be no longer than even with the crease in back of
knee, and no higher than 21f2" above crease." With the
new CG404 this will be clarified.
10. The color of the Utility Cap is Navy Blue 3346.
If you have any doubt on the color when it arrives,
check the Certificate Number which is 6B605119CG.
The number for the Garrison Cap is 7B404917CG.
MANUFACTURERS. The only authorized Auxiliarist
tocontact the Manufacturers is Sally Oberst, DVCAA,
who does the purchasing for the Auxiliary. If you have
any questions please send them to me and if I do not
have the answer I will try to find it for you.
J ackie Ellisor
1. If you want replies to your letters, be sure you
include your mailing address on your stationery. Some
people may not have a current, quickly available ros-
2. Try to confine your letter to one subject. If your
letter concerns a problem, think about it. Can you
"boil" your problem down into a one or two sentence
statement? What really is the problem? Or, what real-
ly is the "point" you are writing about? Section I,
CG412 offers some correspondence guidelines. CG
305, Chapter Four, Section D, covers policy on "offi-
cial mail" privileges.
3. If you receive letters requiring an answer and you
need time for research or verifying procedure or policy.
at least let the writer know you received his letter
and will furnish the information at a later date. Be
specific as to that date if you can. Either the reply or
the acknowledgment should be forwarded in not more
than ten days after you receive the original letter. Don't
put off the final reply indefinitely. Thirty days should
be an outside limit in almost every case. If you can't
give the final answer in thirty days, again advise the
originator when he can expect a definite reply. If you
forward his letter to someone else for reply, send the
originator acopy of your transmittal letter, so heknows
who "has the ball."
A B us y Woman
Since Dorothy Mapes of Flotilla 95District 13joined
the Auxiliary she has been busy. She served as FSO-
SIR (Secretary) and also the same position in the Divi-
sion. Then aterm as Member Training in the Division
in 1972.
In 73shewas her Flotilla's Commander and followed
this by being elected Division IX Vice Captain in 74.
Then in 1976 became the first woman in District 13
to become Division Captain.
She has edited a manual on the duties of Secretary
and updated the one for Treasurer. These are widely
distributed in her District.
This busy lady Auxiliarist has received the National
Commodores Award.
L.H_ Noah
MAY 6,1977
S e l l i n g th e A ux i l i ary
Everyone agrees that more members are a good
thing whether in new Flotillas or in existing ones.
This means a selling job to convince prospective mem-
bers that the Auxiliary has something better to offer
than other organizations.
Weknow it, but does the prospect know it?
Every salesman knows that to sell something you
must know the facts about it. Howis it better? What
makes it better than anything else? Fortunately, we
(\ have a great organization with safe boating to sell, so
let us look at what wehave:
Rescues of people and boats from every conceivable
Flood and disaster rescue service.
Patrol duty of all kinds including Operation Sail,
Queen Mary arrival, VIP escort, regatta patrol, air
search and many more.
Communications relays.
If action is wanted, wehave it!
The USCG is the best source of boating knowledge.
Member Training courses.
Association with experienced and knowledgeable
No commercialism, no monetary pay.
Great personal rewards from helping others - giving
Rescuing -sharing safe boating practices -CME's.
A feeling that what weare doing is a needed, useful
and distinctive public service.
Meeting others of like interest.
Lasting friendships made by sharing experiences
and working together without monetary bonds.
Wehave adistinctive relationship toward each other
not found in Trade Associations and social groups.
Weare a purposeful, action group.
Our "Customers" are everywhere - inexhaustable -
wecannot run out of work. As a matter of fact, we
have to run like everything just to attempt to stay
What more could a salesman want than this? Now all
you have to do is take this list. add some more of your
own and sell the Public Minded Boatman on the Auxil-
iary. Your Membership Officer will help you do it.
Herb Packard
During the past summer boating season, the USCGA
Flotilla 0605 provided two facilities and three instruc-
tors to train a selected number of Navy Sea Cadets
from the Sioux City Naval Reserve Center Unit.
It was during the Coast Guard Aux. spring public
education program that a training program for the Sea
Cadets was developed. One of the enrolled P. E. stu-
dents was a member of the Navy Sea Cadet Corps.
Lt. J ohn Hoing, the Cadet Corps, commanding officer,
attended one of the P.E. course meetings and then in-
vited Commander Dexter Nygaard to visit the next
Cadet meeting at the Navy Reserve Center.
Commander Nygaard proposed a summer cruise
training program which would give onboard training
to a group of qualified Cadets to be selected by Lt.
Hoing. Two USCG Aux. facilities were to be made
available for underway type of training. The vessels
werethe twin engine Yacht "Lady J une" and the single
engine Cuddy Cabin "Sassy." The "Lady J une" cap-
tained by Dexter Nygaard, FC, with Alice Stogdill,
FSO-FN, as first mate. The "Sassy" was captained by
J ack Cliff, FSO-MA.
The training program involved ship handling, boat
handling, mooring and undocking procedures, river
navigation, search and rescue, lookout, marlin spike,
and military courtesy. The Cadet detail would muster
aboard theUSCGA station at 1845hours. The training
vessel "Lady J une" would depart from mooring at
1900 to take up the scheduled twilight patrol on the
Missouri Ri ver between mile markers 725 and 735.
The twilight safety patrol would secure after dark-
During the patrol each Cadet would stand a wheel
watch and a lookout watch. While underway, the off-
watch Cadets would be instructed on river navigation,
rules of the road, search and rescue details, and dis-
abled boat assist and towing procedures. Marlin spike
skills were shown and taught by J ack Cliff, MAO.
During the National Raft Regatta, members of the
Sea Cadets served as crewmen on the "Lady J une"
and the "Sassy." While on the Regatta patrol, the Ca-
det crewmen assisted in the rescue of adisabled motor-
boat in the raft race course.
In J uly Sioux City Rivercade water activities were
under USCG Official Orders. The Cadets served as
crewmen on the "Lady J une" and the "Sassy" for the
river activities which included boat races, water ski
contests, boat parade, and waterfront fireworks safety
The twilight training patrols continued until the end
of this year's boating season. This command found the
Cadets performance of assignments satisfactory,
their grasp of instructions adequate, their conduct
and military courtesy very good. As crewmen aboard
the facilities, they served creditably and were an asset
to the performance of the vessels assigned patrol
This command will continue Cadet training programs
during the 1977boating season. There will also be a
similar plan for the Navy Sea Cadet girls. This girl
Cadet group will be under the direction of Alice Stog-
dill, FNO.
This command recommends all USCGA Flotillas get
involved with the Navy Sea Cadet Program. It is a
rewarding activity.
Dexter N. Nygaard
65Dist. 2N
P atrol C om m an d e rs
PATROL COMMANDERS: (The following article
was extracted fromthe Commandant's Bulletin, 8Nov.
76, Issue Number 45-76. It has special significance for
all Auxiliary Patrol personnel.)
"ADVICE TO COXSWAINS. A recent incident dur-
ing awater festival gives us an example of howa little
more prudence and forethought initially could have
aided significantly in the Coast Guard's mission of
contributing to water safety.
In this case, a private speedboat was proceeding at
about 30 mph in an area where vessels, for safety pur-
poses, were directed to proceed at slow speeds (5 mph)
while a water festival was taking place.
The patrol commander directed a Coast Guard 41'
UTB patrol boat to give chase. After a brief chase, the
CGpatrol boat caught upwith the speedboat, terminat-
ed the use of the craft, and cited the operator for num-
erous violations.
Although this sounds likeahappy ending, it was not.
The high speed chase had resulted in wake damage to
several spectator boats, one person thrown into the
water, and claims against the governmen t exceeding
$2,000. The skies wereclear and the visibility excellent,
numerous Coast Guard and Coast Guard Auxiliary
craft (with goodcomms between them) werein the area,
and the configuration of the river offered no undetec-
table nooks available for instant refuge. Thus, there
was almost no chance whatsoever that the speedboat
could escape apprehension, even if the 41' UTB had
not proceeded at high speeds in the area congested
with pleasure boats. All persons having control of a
boat or any other vessel must weigh the consequences
of the wake against the need for speed and consider
all available options. This applies to assistance calls
as well."
Your National Stores. operated by the Department of Supplies.
carries only the official certified accessories and flags.
Their high quality is assured by constant inspection and
quality control.
Watch For Our A d s I n Future I ssues
Why T e ac h R ul e s of th e R oad ?
J oe Cruiser was out one evening enjoying the relax-
ation of a quiet evening curise. He was on a course of
315. Bill Yachtsman was moving his 45footer down to
the yacht club basin, following a course of 045. When
J oe was approximately 30feet east and 100feet south
of Bill, Bill signaled for a starboard to starboard pass-
age. J oe did not acknowledge. Bill maintained course
and speed. J oe, when approximately 30 feet from
Bill, steered northerly, resulting in collision.
J oe claimed he didn't hear any signal and that Bill
was negligent in not having a loud enough horn; for
maintaining course and speed, when his signal was
unanswered; and Bill was the only person aboard when
he should have had a lookout posted.
The court agreed with J oe, finding that the size of
Bill's boat required a lookout other than a helmsman;
that Bill's horn really wasn't big enough; and that Bill
was negligent in maintaining course and speed after
failing to receive an acknowledging signal from J oe.
However, none of these matters caused the collision.
The real cause was J oe's changing course. With that.
J oe had tofoot the bill for damages. (Based upon Rodi
vs. Dean (1943 CA7Ill) 138Fed. 2nd 309.)
That's why we teach Rules of the Road!
Dennis L. Woodman
J .D.
"This Is Your Life, NARCO Lloyd Furber and LCDR
William Aliff."
A well guarded Secret Testimonial Dinner was given
in the Honor of Lieutenant Commander William Aliff
and National Rear Commodore Lloyd Furber at the
Valley Forge Hilton Hotel, December l.G, 1976, held in
King of Prussia, Pa.
LCDR William Aliff has served in the United States
Coast Guard for the past 28 years and has been the
Director of theU. S. Coast Guard Auxiliary for the past
three years, and is now retiring from the service.
NARCO Lloyd Furber has served in the capacity of
District Commodore for the past two years and has now
been elected to the office of National Rear Commodore.
The affair started off with aTake off of This Is Your
Life, William Aliff and Lloyd Furber. Presentations
were made to both these fine officers and I am sure it
was a night that they will both remember. Pictures
were taken for their scrap books, and may I say. both
Mrs. Aliff and Mrs. Furber never looked more proud or
more beautiful.
Past National Commodore, Harold Haney acted as
the master of ceremonies and a big round of applause
to Rodger Derr, District Commodore's Aide and his
committee for doing such a splendid J ob in arranging
this dinner.
Thanks also to Shirley Derr, DSO-PB, for the part
she played and for her cheerful greeting as we ap-
proached the desk for reservation tickets.
Trudy Gundy
This proto-type desert facility" was' demonstrated
to the members of the Eleventh District Auxiliary at
their annual conference in Scottsdale, Arizona, 3, 4,
and 5December.
Represented as the perfect "facility" for inland pa-
trols, this unit's operational status was revoked when
it was noted that there was no place to fly the Auxiliary
Ensign. Ms. Leslie Durham is shown as "crew" for
this patrol.

Sea E x p l oring,
Trad ition of Prid e
We, as Auxiliarists, should constantly strive to ex
pand our program of safety to the public. By working
with other existing organizations, theAuxiliary strength-
ens it's public image and its promotion of safe boating.
One such organization is the Sea Explorers from the
Exploring Division of the Boy Scouts of America. For-
merly known as Sea Scouting, the program has a rich
history dating back to 1912.
Sea Exploring has its own program of safe boating
and optional advancement. Local Explorer units often
take advantage of the instructional programs offered
by the Auxiliary. Explorers prove to beable assistants
during instructional classes and courtesy motorboat
examinations. More importantly, Sea Explorers and
its members promote safe boating among young adults.
With the growing popularity of boating, we need to
reach these young adults with quality training. Sea
Exploring can help.
Page 18, ofCG-305, permits and encourages the spon-
sorship of Explorer units by local flotillas. If a flotil-
la wishes to cooperate with an existing unit, or would
like to sponsor its own, the local council of the Boy
Scouts of America should becontacted. See Boy Scouts
of America in the white pages.
Exploring, with along history of service and heroism.
will prove to be a worthwhile venture.
Craig Burkhardt
(Editor's Note: Craig is the Sea Explorer Chairman of
the East Central Region. Boy Scouts of America. He is
an 18 year old Auxiliarist from Homewood, Illinois.)
Op erations
A M utual Un d e rs tan d i n g
During these d ays of d iverse resp onsibil ities, it is
imp erative that we have a mutual und erstand ing of
what the various aspects of OPERATIONS are all
about. First, let's look at the total picture and define
the function of OPERATIONS. With alittle help from
Webster, it can bedescribed as . "A condition of being
in action with the infl uence to bring about a d esired or
appropriate effect".
In the Auxiliary realm, OPERATIONS currently
encomp asses Vessel E x amination, Surface Op erations,
A ir Op erations, C ommunications, and C hart Up -Dating.
All of the categories represent field activities (the
condition of being in action), and they span aspectrum
(of influence) that considers the boatman from early
education (CME), to enroute assistance (CU), to search
and rescue (Surface, Air, Communications). The (de-
sired effect) goal isto provide mariners with knowledge
and security in their chosen environment. Two A ux il -
iary C ornerstones are in evid ence here, with the re-
maining two cl ose at hand !
Your National Staff Officers in the Department of
Operations are dedicated to the idea of providing gui-
dance and assistance to all areas of OPERATIONS.
Each District will have unique situations that call for
the development of certain p roced ures. This is a natural
p henomenon caused by the geograp hic l ocations of
the Districts. On the whole, however, the Coast Guard
and , necessaril y, the A ux il iary shoul d maintain a uni-
form concept of OPE RATIO S functions and proced-
ures. This is where your Staff can be used to the best
advantage. It's a two-way street. To effectively de
velop procedures that can be utilized throughout the
A ux il iary, a certain amount of inp ut must be received
fromthe field.
Our intentions for this year are to p rovid e guid ance
through the use of all means available to us. Primary
contact will be conducted through newsletters, bulle-
tins, correspondence, and forums (Workshops/Schools).
Again, the effectiveness of these contacts will bejudged
by field input and the utilization of the information
by Districts, Divisions, and Flotillas. We (the Staft)
d o not d ictate p ol icy. We d o mak e recommend ations
concerning p ol icy and we try to be of assistance in the
interpretation and distribution of it.
The key to success is the final product in the field.
TheconductofCME, SAR, and all other OPERATIONS
activities must, by their very nature, be maintained to
thehighest standards possible. This is not agame that
we are invol ved in. I t is serious business! The qual ity
of our work in the fiel d may d etermine the p rotection of
lifeand property.
TheStaff of this Department is composed of individ-
uals that areready, willing, and able todo their share in
M A R C H,1977
the activities of their responsibilities. This year should
see outstand ing p rogress being mad e by the A ux il iary
overall, and in the area of OPERATIONS specifically,
as l ong as we (al l of us) have a mutual und erstand ing.
Charles H. Babb
O p e n a t i o n s D e p an m n e n t
The Auxiliary and Coast Guard in the First District
not only work together, but also train together. This
writer had the opportunity to attend the Operations
School in Yorktown in October 1975, and was thorough-
ly impressed with the "hands on" training afforded
A ux il iarists which, incid ental l y, was id entical to the
training given the C oast Guard at York town.
Now, an ongoing training p rogram in Op erations for
station p ersonnel is being given at al l C oast Guard
Stations throughout the First Coast Guard District by
a sp ecial S A R M obil e Training Team. The course is
given over a two-week p eriod M ond ay through Frid ay,
and the A ux il iary has been invited to p articip ate on a
limited basis, ie: two (2)Auxiliarists per course. This
enabl es interested A ux il iarists toobtain first-cl ass train-
ing at the stations l ocated in their immed iate boating
areas. I t al so brings the A ux il iary and the C oast Guard
cl oser, inasmuch as it enabl es the A ux il iary to see ex -
actl y how and what is ex p ected of their counterp arts,
and enables the Auxiliarists to further their skills and
professionalism in all phases of SAR and small boat
I nterest in the p rogram is running high, and we al -
read y have our first grad uate.
Feedback from the Training Team, Station Corn-
mand ers as wel l as the A ux il iary ind icates the p rogram
is a viabl e one. A reas being taught incl ud e: R D F,
SAR Organization, Fire Fighting, Search Patterns,
Sal vages, Towing Proced ures, Survival , H el o Op era-
tions, Pil oting, and more.
I can't say enough for the p rogram, and recommend
A ux il iarists who can d evote the time required to tak e
ad vantage of the p rogram.
William V. McGoldrick
P A G E 27
R e p orti n g D e fe c ts an d D i s c re p an c i e s
C on c e rn i n g A i d s to Nav i g ati on
A l l d efects and d iscrep ancies concerning aid s to navi-
gation established and maintained by the U.S. Coast
Guard shall be reported IMMEDIATELY TO THE
DONOT report items of acosmetic value such as bird
droppings, peeling paint, etc. unless it adversely affects
the useful ness of the aid , as items such as these are
corrected d uring sched ul ed routine maintenence in-
sp ections. A comp l ete l ist of what to check concerning
aid s is contained in theChart Up -Dating M anual and on
Form DVC-OU 101-76, Shirt Pocket Guide. A written
report with two copies shall be prepared using NOAA
Form 77-5. The report shall contain data relative to the
d efect or d iscrep ancy. id entification and p osition of the
aid , d ate, time and name of C oast Guard unit to whom
the defect or discrepancy was reported. Observer shall
retain one cop y and forward the original and one cop y
to his ADSO-OPU. The ADSO-OPU will immediately
review the rep orting form, correct any obvious errors,
retain one cop y and forward the original to C hief,
Marine Chart Division, NOAA-National Ocean Survey,
Rockville, MD 20852. If the defect or discrepancy
concerning an aid is reported to the Coast Guard by
radio or landline, DO NOT send a written report to the
Coast Guard as this only creates ad d itional unnecessary
p ap erwork and confusion. Written rep orts or cop ies
thereof received by NOAA-NOS will be awarded credit
units. CU and AtoN accomplish ments will be reported
into AUXMIS by NOAA-NOS on a monthly basis.
Reports not submitted to NOAA-NOS WILL NOT be
reported into AUXMIS. Following these procedures
wil l mak e your rep orts more useful and the work l oad
Charles D. Alden
Section 311 of the Federal Water Pollution Control
Act, as amended (33 USC 1321 et seq), prohibi ts the
d ischarge of a harmful quantity of oil in any form into,
or up on, U.S. navigabl e waters, ad joining shorel ines,
or contiguous zone. Further, the owner or op erator
of a vessel which causes a d ischarge must notify the
U.S. Coast Guard as soon as hehas knowledge of such
a d ischarge.* The p enal ty against an owner or op erator
for d ischarging aharmful quantity of oil is acivil p enal ty
of not more than $5,000 administered by the Coast
Guard . The p enal ty for fail ure to rep ort a d ischarge
is a criminal p enal ty of not more than $1 0, 000 and /or
1 year imp risonment. The owner or op erator is l iabl e
to the U.S . Government for removal costs of an oil
discharge in an amount limited to $100 per gross ton of
PA GE 28
the vessel or $14 million, whichever is less. If the
d ischarge is caused by wil l ful negl igence or miscond uct
the liability is not limited. Violations of the ** regu-
l ations*** or any other regul ations governing oil pol-
lution issued by the Coast Guard under the Federal
Water Pol l ution C ontrol A ct, as amend ed , carry a
civil penalty of no more than $5,000.
For the purposes of this Act, the term "U.S. navig-
abl e waters" is not l imited in d efinition by the el ement
of "navigabil ity" but now comp rehend s the entire river-
ine system within the U.S. ex tend ing up stream to the
sources and the terri torial sea.
The Refuse Act of 1899 (33 USC 407) prohibits any-
one from throwing, d ischarging or d ep ositing any re-
fuse matter of any k ind into U.S . navigabl e waters or
tributaries of navigabl e waters. The onl y ex cep tions to
this p rohibition are l iquid sewage fl owing from streets
or sewers and d ischarges mad e from shore facil ities
under a permit granted by the U.S. Army, Corps of
E ngineers. Viol ations of the R efuse A ct are subject to
criminal p rosecution and p enal ties of a fine of not more
than $2,500nor less than $500for each day of instances
of violations, or imp risonment for not l ess than 30 d ays
nor more than 1year, or both a fine and imp risonment.
'This should be done by calling the National
Response Center, Toll Free at 800-424-8802.
**Pol l ution Prevention
***(33CFR 154- 156)
The Duty Officer, National Response Center (NRC)
is d esignated as the official to receive al l rep orts of dis-
charges of oil and hazard ous substances after 31 De-
cember 1 9 76 ex cep t in those cases where rep orting to
the NRC is impractical. The NRC is manned twenty-
four hours p er d ay by p ersonnel sp ecifical l y trained in
handling reports of water pollution and a toll free
number has been establ ished to receive these rep orts
(800-424-8802)_These factors, plus the fact that this is
the onl y fed eral rep orting number necessary, combine
to aid and encourage the general p ubl ic in rep orting
incid ents and ease most of the inherent confusion in
the p revious system. R ecord s are maintained of al l
reports received and tapes are made of all calls and
retained for ninety d ays (or l onger if necessary).
Charles D. Alden
W h at' s an A D S O- OP U?
I t's been six years since I was confronted with trying
to learn what NACO, DC-O, DCO, NARCO (now
there's one for the police to investigate) and DIRAUX
stood for. Then just recently they added a new one to
boggle your mind with - ADSOOPU! Assistant Dis-
trict Staff Officer-Operations, Chart Up- Dating, that's
what it all stands for.
Nowlet's find out the scope of his duties as it relates
to- the Auxiliarist.
1 . The A DSO-OPU encourages max imum p artici-
p ation in the C U Program by seek ing ap p ointments of
CU Chairmen at all his Division and Flotilla Levels.
2. TheADSOOPU has the ability toprovide training
in CU at all levels where it is needed or requested.
3. When C harting A gencies request sp ecial investi-
gations or evaluations the ADSOOPU assigns the pro-
ject to the particular Flotilla responsible for the area.
4. Other than the normal administration duties of
the ADSOOPU, this is probably the most important
onefor you because the ADSOOPU, through the DVC
OU is your link to NOAANOS (National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Survey),
COE (Corps Of Engineers) and AUXMIS (you know
what that is). All CU reports whether they be change
and /or correction recommend ations, rep orts of A toN
deficiencies or Small Craft Facility Field Report are
cleared through him (ADSOOPU) to these other agen-
cies otherwise all your good work has been for naught
and your lookfor changes will not occur onthose charts.
Check out your ADSOOPU! Find out who he is!
If you don't know him, you haven't done any Chart
Up -Dating------H ave you????????
Harry W. Smith
W h o M e ?
By the time this article appears in the Navigator the
4th edition of the Chart Up-Dating Manual should be
hot off the presses. This edition is right down the alley
of theAuxiliarist plying the inland waterways for these
1. Most of the revisions are related to Chart Up-
Dating on the inl and waterways.
2. This edition describes charts as issued by the
C orp s of E ngineers.
3. Emphasizes the great need of correct charts and
adequate AtoNs not only for coastal waters but also
for those of us who sail on our many navigabl e rivers.
H ow many times have you heard this story? "The
charts showed that the Sunken Marina was at mile 216
on the Dry R iver. When we got there, l ow on gas, the
M arina was sunk ! I t had been for three years! Why
d id n't someone correct the charts?"
Go ahead - complain about the Corps of Engineers
M A R C H , 1 9 77
who have some 24,000miles plus of inland waterways
charts to k eep current!
Complain about the local population who should
k now better than to get you in such a p red icament!
Complain about the Auxiliary Flotilla that is not out
there helping to keepthe Corps of Engineers informed
of changes as they occur! (It's called chart up-dating
in case you d id n't k now.)
Then when you have finished your comp l aining, l ook
at yoursel f in the mirror and say "When is the l ast time
I did any chart up-dating?"
Nuff said?
Harry W. Smith
H ow to ObtainC U and SI Dats
A Special Investigation Chart (SI) is a chart of the
normal Flotilla operational area that has been marked
with features that acharting agency would like to have
investigated. Each chart has features marked to be in-
vestigated . H owever, investigations are not to be l im-
ited to the mark ed features. There is no obl igation to
investigate each and every item or to end anger l ife or
p rop erty in ord er to obtain the d esired d ata.
Each flotilla should request SI charts of its opera-
tional area by chart number. Always request charts by
number (oldor newnumber). A geographical name will
bemeaningless. Requests should be submitted via the
Assistant District Staff Officer, Chart Up- Dating,
ADSO-OPU, to Division Chief, Chart Up-Dating,
DVC-OU, namely: Charles D. Alden, DVCOU, U.S.
Coast Guard Auxiliary, 4401 Mays Ave., Reading,
Pa. 19606. Charts requested and marked for Special
Investigation will besent directly to the flotilla request-
ing same. Allow 60 to 90 days for processing. SI
charts wil l be p rocessed on a first come first served
Each Flotilla is entitled to three charts per year from
NOAA for Flotilla Chart Up-Dating activities. Each
flotilla shall notify the Division Chart Up-Dating
Chairman of chart numbers of the normal flotilla op-
erational area. The Division Chart Up-Dating Chair-
man sends thechart number and Flotilla number to the
The DIRAUX notifies NOAA. NOAA sends charts
directly to the Flotilla Commander.
Chart up-dating is a worthwhile assist to the chart-
ing agencies. I t is hel p ful . ed ucational and fun too.
Arnold J . Albrecht
MAY 6, 1977
P A G E 29
OperationAHA>U'SH .".DC.()
Howard Estes, recently appointed FSO-OP of Flotil-
la 12-19 which he joined in mid 1976, brought Auxil-
iary air patrols to southeast Michigan. He came to
the 9th CR by transfer from the 8th District where he
actively patrolled along the Gulf out of New Orleans
in his vintage Cessna 172N8303B. Henowis based at
Tecumseh, Michigan.
Estes piloted 5 patrols during 1976 to determine the
feasibility of using aircraft partols in the area Toledo
to Saginaw. DCP Donald Kenny and SO-OP Dennis
Basler accompanied Estes on two different flights.
Other crewmen included FSO-CM Eugene Hadden
and Ed Ellenberg of Flotilla 12-IL
Results of the "test" program were encouraging.
On 24 October, Estes was credited with two assists.
For an 18 foot runabout, out of gas in Lake St. Clair,
Estes radioed the Coast Guard and orbited the boat
until help arrived. In the second case, he found a 20
foot cruiser sinking in the Maumee River and after
radioing for help, stayed in the area until a tow boat
arrived on the scene. Approximately 1,000square miles
of waterways can be scanned and searched per hour
of flight tirne by properly trained Auxiliary air crews.
Estes aircraft facility is equipped with a "full house"
of search and rescue equiprnent including aircraft,
marine and CB transceivers, direction finding equip-
ment and EPIRB. as well as much equipment recom-
mended by the Air Operations Guide. A series of art-
icles on air operations is appearing in the BEACON,
Estes' Flotilla newsletter.
Thomas R. Cook, J r.
With the beginning of the new year we also begin
Phase II of the Marine Dealer Visit campaign. The
campaign will be completely ready to go in a short
while, so be ready when it does start.
This year will also see acontinuation of the Courtesy
Examiner Schools. The schools will be offered at Pet-
aluma, California; Ft. Knox, Kentucky and Yorktown,
Virginia. The three locations were offered last year for
the first time and the response was fantastic. Firm
dates will be announced at a later date, but if you are
interested, lei your Flotilla Commander know so that
the proper people can be advised.
J would like to draw your attention to the 1977 Sears
Boating and Fishing catalog. They have plugged the
CME program throughout the book with a write up on
page 41.
I look forward to this year, my first in the Operations
Department and hope that wewill beable to beof assist-
ance to the membership in a variety of ways.
Buddy Farson
C M E' S
C E' S
W HO! M E?
In the past fewyears it seems like we, as Auxiliarists,
who are in the field of Courtesy Motorboat Exami-
nations, are trying very hard to increase the momen-
tum of this Auxiliary program.
At this time there are some areas in the field of Cour-
tesy Motorboat Examinations that may need that ex-
tra push, with persuasion, suggestions, and maybe a
little extra education, to move forward. Now that we
are entertaining a more exclusive criterion for all pro-
grams, we must remember a few of our ideals in the
advancement of our program. One fact we should re-
member when it comes to our CME program, "COM-
UNIFORMITY". This will make for a better informed
courtesy examiner who can exercise his wares before
the boating public with, willingness, confidence, abi-
lity and fortitude. A well informed Courtesy Examiner,
with a well informed boat owner, plays a very impor-
tant part in our CME program for Boating Safety.
T am sure weare all aware that the CME program is
one of the four cornerstones of the Auxiliary. We are
nowengaged with goals and levels like TPL (Tenative
Participation Level) and G.A.P. (Goal Attainment
Process). When some of the flotillas get behind in
attaining these goals, it is justifiable for the Flotilla
Vessel Examination Officer to converse with the exam-
iner and ask for help to increase the flotilla's boat
count. Some of the examiners are saying, WHO! ME?
To all Examiners - please remember we must work as
a team and we must all pull together, in other words,
"A Burlap Bag Will Not Stand Alone".
WOW! what a job we did in boat exams for 1976.
Would you believe we examined over 335,000 boats?
Sounds good, BUT, is this good? EXAMPLE; Accord-
ing to the Coast Guard Boating Statistics of 1975(CG-
357), in 1974 there were 6,834,283 numbered boats.
In 1975 there were 7,303,286 numbered boats. Sub-
tracting the 1974numbered boats from the 1975 num-
bered boats, gives us a total of 469,000 increase in
numbered boats. This means we have an increase of
numbered boats each year by nearly 500,000. So, if
we examined 335,000 boats in 1976, this means we
are losing in our Boating Safety Program at the rate of
nearly 150,000boats each year. In other words, in order
to have a program, to keep on an even keel with num-
bered boats, we, as examiners of our CME program,
MUST examine at least 500,000 boats each year.
So, in order to overcome these losses, we, in the flotil-
las, must upgrade our present programs. Also, we
must qualify more examiners to get us on the plus side,
and to make sure we do not have to hear the words,
"WHO? ME?"
Nowfor the final statistic, we should always remem-
ber, QUALITY exams must always come before
Phillip W. Conley
C h art Up d ati n g
C U an d S I R e p orti n g
After you have taken the time, expended the effort,
p erhap s even l ost your p atience, to mak e that Sp ecial
Investigation of a chart feature requested by your CU
chairman or FSOOP, it must bereported. Correct and
accurate reporting is imp ortant to the charting agency.
Of what use is a report if the data submitted or the
integrity of the observer cannot be depended on?
Dep end abl e rep orting is imp ortant to the observer and
to the A ux il iary to receive the d eserved recognition and
C U cred its. This is your p ay: recognition and ex cel -
l ent smal l craft navigation charts.
Use the largest scale chart available for the area you
are rep orting. Where p ossibl e, cut the section to l etter
size, or fol d it. E x p l anatory information concerning the
change shoul d be written in op en area on the chart in
p en or p encil . R ed is the p referred col or. I f the ex act
p osition of the change cannot be d etermined , rep ort it
as accuratel y as p ossibl e and d raw a circl e on the
chart section showing its ap p rox imate p osition. The
exact position will be verified or determined by the
charting agency. I n a case of a menace to navigation,
when the ex act p osition cannot be d etermined , it wil l
be entered on the chart with the l etters "PA , " for p osi-
tion ap p rox imate. R ep orts shoul d be mad e as cl ear and
comp l ete as p ossibl e.
Pen and pencil sketches or photographs help to clari-
fy written explanations and are appreciated. The more
supporting information and data supplied, the better
the report.
Reports of NOAA ational Ocean Survey charts
and Lake Survey charts are submitted on NOAA 77-3
or NOAA 77-5 form. Use OAA 77-3 to report addi-
tion, deletion or change of a Small Craft Facility (Ma-
rina). Use NOAA 77-5 to report a recommended addi-
tion, d el etion, change or correction to a chart. These
forms are to be filled out in triplicate. The observer
shal l retain one cop y and send one cop y and the origi-
nal (with chart, photos etc. attached) tohis ADSOOPU.
A DSO-OPU wil l immed iatel y review, retain one cop y
and forward the original with attachments to:
Chief Marine Chart Division
NOAANational Ocean Survey
Rockville, Md. 20852
Reports of Corps of Engineers, COE, charts are also
submitted on NOAA forms NOAA 77-3 and NOAA
77-5. H owever, they must be mad e out in quad rup l et.
The observer shal l retain one cop y, send the original
with attachments and two copies to his ADSOOPU.
ADSOOPU will review, retain one copy, send one
copy to:
Chief Marine Chart Division
NOAANational Ocean Survey.
for ap p rop riate cred its, and send the original with sup -
porting data and attachments to COE for action.
R ep orts submitted concerning d efects and d iscre-
p ancies to aid s to navigation maintained by the C oast
Guard shall be reported immediately to the nearest
M A R C H , 1 9 77
C oast Guard unit by rad io or l and l ine. A written re-
port with two copies shall be prepared. This report
shall contain date, time and name of the Coast Guard
unit to whom the d efect or d iscrep ancy was rep orted .
Observer shal l retain one cop y and forward the original
and one copy to his ADSOOPU. ADSOOPU will im-
med iatel y review the rep orting form, retain one cop y
and forward the original to Chief, Marine Chart Divi-
sion, NOAANational Ocean Survey.
A l l rep orting forms are obtained from your District
Director of Auxiliary. All reports are to be submitted
through the District Chart Updating Officer, ADSO
Charts that youcut upto submit with your report will
be replaced by NOAANational Ocean Survey at no
cost to you. Let's mak e 1 9 77 an outstand ing year in
Chart Updating.
Arnold J . Albrecht
R e b uttal
With regard to your articl e, "C hart Up d ating a Neces-
sity", which ap p eared in "The Navigator", December
1976, page 9, I would like to make a few comments.
The statement mad e in your articl e, "I f our brothers
of the fl ying fraternity were as serious about chart
updating as the boating fraternity," [ feel does not
properly reflect the situation as itis inreality.
Unlike charts used by boaters who travel at slower
speeds, pilots do not have the time to look at a chart
cl uttered with every obstacl e or obstruction that is not
a hazard to the course being fl own as l ong as he d oes
not descend belowthe altitudes published for the area
or sector in which he is fl ying. Lik e nautical charts on
channel and channel d ep ths, if there is a boat d rawing
more draft than that channel is cut for, he is as flag-
rantly negligent as is a pilot descending belowthe rnin-
imum published altitudes on his charts. As long as
these al titud es and d ep ths give a safe margin for in-
strument error for p il ots or tid e consid eration for boat-
ers, any p erson d isregard ing this information is neg-
l igent for not using al l the information avail abl e to him
whether he be a pilot or a boater. No amount of ob-
struction or d ep th information p ubl ished on any chart
would stop the accident of a boater or of a pilot who
would disregard the information published and enter
or d escend into a k nown unsafe area.
A s a member of the C oast Guard A ux il iary and a
p il ot, I k now and real ize that there is a need to continue
chart up d ating and the revision of current information
which relates to the safety of all concerned. This is a
very serious p art of boating and fl ying.
I also feel that the objectives of "fraternity brothers"
is to hel p and assist rather than to criticize. We are al l
here to hel p the safe, ex p ed itious fl ow of op erations,
whether it be boating or flying.
Gary D. Danforth
l l th District
P A G E 31
Han g ar T al k
A s this new A ux il iary year gets und erway, I have a
message for our aviators and our sk ip p ers concerning
what the A ir Op erations Division hop es to accomp l ish
through al l of your coop eration and assistance.
First. for the aviators, l et me say that my p red ecessors
have put a lot of hard work into programs designed to
mak e the A ux il iary aviator more p rofessional and more
valuable to the Coast Guard operational effort. I do
not intend to l et one bit of this hard work go to waste.
You wil l be seeing more training p rograms aimed at
you - the A ux il iary aircraft facil ity owner to mak e your
membership moreenjoyable and rewarding. Hopefully,
the air op erations in each District wil l be structured to
meet thepeculiar needs of that District. I intend tokeep
you informed by means of a Newsl etter that wil l not
require you to contribute al though al l news wil l be
gratefully appreciated. A nd for you sk ip p ers, many of
whom wond er why we bother with aircraft at al l . be
charitabl e. R emember, we aviators want to contribute
to the C oast Guard mission just as you d o and if there
was no p l ace for aircraft in that mission, the C oast
Guard woul d have no aircraft in their inventory. The
key tothe whole thing is "need." Don't try to bring in
aircraft facil ities where there is no need but where
there is a useful mission they can p erform, then mak e
every effort to encourage aviation members. I think
I can show you fl otil l a command ers and d ivision
cap tains ways that this cost effective aircraft facil ity
can beof great service totheAuxiliary and Coast Guard
op erations.
AsI reviewed thefiles that came with this job, I read
of many comp l aints mad e by aircraft facil ity owners
who were not being used op erational l y. A l as, I fear
that the "need " I mentioned above has never been
identified for them, not that it did not always exist.
I n some cases, C oast Guard unit command ers are not
even aware that A ux il iary aircraft are avail abl e.
PA GE 32
H ere's one thing I woul d l ik e every fl otil l a comman-
d er who has A ux il iary aircraft to d o for me. Seek out
the C oast Guard Group or station command er nearest
you and offer to tak e him on a fl ight over the area and
waters of his concern. Then l etme k now how you mak e
Thomas R. Cook, J r.
Last winter, a tank er accid ent and the resul tant oil
spill seriously polluted in excess of 34miles of the Del-
aware R iver between Pennsyl vania and New Jersey.
In Philadelphia, a docking pilot testified he was un-
aware a navigation aid had been moved when the
tanker Olympic Games apparently struck bottom,
spilling 133,000gallons of oil into the Delaware River.
A tug captain assigned Dec. 27 to dock the tanker,
testified that he thought the channel was 43 feet deep
at the sp il l site, which woul d have given the vessel
four feet of clearance. He was asked whether he was
aware that buoy was moved 75yards on Dec. 15 and
that al l river p ersonnel were notified it was d one to
facilitate dredging operations in achannel only 28feet
deep. Hereplied that he was not and said the Olympic
Garnes was about 1 30 feet from the buoy when it was
being turned in the river. "I thought I was al ways in
the channel , " he said . "and I was using the buoy as a
guide." LCDR Richard Peyser, USCG, who was con-
ducting the hearing asked the tug captain: "What
navigational aid s d id you use to maneuver the vessel ?"
"Sight," was the reply. "I could see the buoys in the
river mark ing the channel ."
Our rep l y to this is obvious, since hund red s of tank er
maneuvers have tak en p l ace in this area without inci-
dent. If the tug captain had applied the data relative
tothe moving of the buoy that was published in Third
Coast Guard District Local Notice to Mariners, this
accident and theresultant oil spill probably would have
not occurred .
The same can be ap p l ied to many p l easure craft
owners and op erators. H ow many subscribe to LNM ,
read and ap p l y the information contained therein?
Unfortunately I'm afraid, all too few. How many in-
cid ents coul d have been avoid ed if mariners woul d
use LNM information? H ow much time and ex p ense
couldhave been saved the Coast Guard fromrendering
assists at these incidents if LNM had been used? This
is impossible to tell. We, as Auxiliarists should set
the example for our fellowboaters. All of us should
be very acquainted with al l d ata contained in our LNM .
Weshould apply all data to charts, our various pilot
books, Light Lists and all of our navigational publica-
tions. R esol ve now to subscribe to, read and ap p l y
ALL data contained in Local Notice to Mariners. Let
there not be one A ux il iarist invol ved in any incid ent
that couldhave been avoided if the knowledge contain-
ed in LNM had been utilized.
Charles D. Alden
Op erational
A ux il iarist
"Professional ism" is, p erhap s, an overwork ed word ,
but there is no other term which ad equatel y d escribes
a k ey requirement of a good A ux il iary member. This is
true whether in teaching, courtesy ex ams, or on p atrol .
H ere, in A l ask a, our chal l enge is greater than in the
south 48, duetomany factors: small flotillas which are
greatl y scattered ; many areas which can be reached
onl y by boat or p l ane; a p ubl ic which is more oriented
to boating than anywhere else in the United States;
acoast line which is equal to the total of the rest of the
U.S.; ahostile environment; and cap this off with the
highest boating accid ent rate in the country. These are
the factors which make the 17th District unique. Lack
of a chal l enge is not one of our p robl ems.
The question, then, is one of accomp l ishing the seem-
ingl y imp ossibl e task of teaching and ap p l ying boating
safety und er A l ask an cond itions. I certainl y d o not
have the answer. I n al l p robabil ity, no one ind ivid ual
d oes. One ingred ient, however, certainl y is p rofession-
alism. This is only gained through training and prac-
tice in l arge d oses. The tool s to accomp l ish the training
aspects arereadily available in the Operational Special-
ty C ourses. Desire for p ersonal satisfaction and p er-
fection should do the rest.
The Op erational Sp ecial ty C ourses are not p erfect
tools. In and of themselves they are only guides,
and must be tailored to meet the requirements of the
individual flotilla. Weonly cheat ourselves by taking
short cuts. The courses must be conducted in depth by
adding the local knowledge which a national publica-
tion is not cap abl e of.
Let's not forget "on the job" training either. What is
l earned from a book is a very smal l p ercentage of what
is needed. Ninety percent must be learned on the
water by application of the basic principles learned in
a cl assroom.
Howoften for instance do we discuss the theory of
towing without actual l y going out on the water and
work ing with it? The A ux il iarist with an op erational
facil ity is ex p ected to be abl e to tow und er hazard ous
cond itions not with a book in hand . Teaching which
sk imp s on p ractice is not p rofessional ism.
Flotillas should take the following steps:
A. Set upa planned membership training program
so that the flotilla membership can plan ahead to at-
tend cl asses and "work shop s."
B. Work the plan. A pJ an layed out and not fol-
l owed is worse than none.
C . H ave comp etent instructors give the cl asses.
Be sure the p erson teaching is ex p erienced in the sub-
ject. Theory by itself will not do here.
D. Fol l owup with meaningful ex ercises on the
water so that the ind ivid ual A ux il iarist has confid ence
and wil l be comp etent with p ractice.
E . On those tests where p ractical d emonstrations
are necessary, be sure the test is ful l y cond ucted and
not afarce. Even if the instructor knows that the Auxil-
M A R C H , 1 9 77
iarist iscompetent, the test should betaken. It ishuman
nature to enjoy showing our sk il l s. A test al so hel p s in
eval uating how good the instruction was.
The rest is up to the ind ivid ual A ux il iarist. Your
fl otil l a can set up the best training p rogram p ossibl e,
but if you don't take advantage of it, you not only may
be creating a l ack of p rofessional ism in your own p er-
formance, you may be unabl e to d ischarge your d uties
in a p rop er manner to the boating p ubl ic. Lives and
property can depend on your skill. The challenge is a
big one and the margin for error may be very narrow.
We can d o nothing to change this, but we can sub-
stantially alter the odds for success with the proper
training and ex p erience.
A ugust R . Grunow
District 17
D e p artm e n t of C om m e rc e
Hon or R ol l
NOAA-National Ocean Survey under the U.S. Depart-
ment of Commerce has established an honor roll for
al l A ux il iarists, fl otil l as, d ivisions and d istricts who
d esire to tak e an active p art in the C hart Up-Dating and
A id s to Navigation Programs. A formul a has been es-
tabl ished that has p ut al l ind ivid ual s and units on an
equitable basis. Items included in this formula are
membership and weather factor (i.e., the length of boat-
ing season in each unit's op erational area). The achieve-
ment l evel wil l change each year accord ing to a unit's
membership. The honor roll has been under study for
quite a p eriod of time and has been establ ished in ord er
to honor those ind ivid ual s and units who p erform an
outstand ing service to the charting agencies and U.S.
Coast Guard by participating in these programs. The
honor roll has been approved by the National Execu-
tive Committee, the Office of the Chief Director, .and
the Department of Operations. The results will be fur-
nished by AUXMIS. Therefore, it is of vital impor-
tance that a copy of all Chart Up-Dating and Aids to
Navigation reports be submitted to NOAA-National
Ocean Survey so that data may befed to the computer.
A l l Divisions wil l be informed of the achievement
levels necessary to meet honor roll status during 1977.
Charles D. Alden
P A G E 33
S p e c i al Noti c e s
It frequently occurs that aids to navigation are col-
lided with causing damage and displacement, or com-
plete loss, without the knowledge of the Coast Guard
District Commander. The placement or repair of such
aids is consequently often not made as promptly as
desired. This situation results in diminished protection
for marine traffic, and is attributable in a large part
to the failure of vessel operators to furnish notice of
these collisions to the nearest local or district office
of the U. S. Coast Guard, or to Coast Guard Headquar-
ters, as required by law and regulation. The prompt
submission of notice of any marine casualty or accident,
including damage or destruction of aids to navigation,
is required by the Marine Investigation Regulations,
Subpart 136.05of title 46, Code of Federal Regulations,
with penalty for noncompliance.
Inland Waters (Inland Rules 33 CFR 80.33a)
Day-two orange and white vertically striped balls
in a vertical line not less than 3 feet nor more than 6
feet apart displayed from the yardarm.
Night-two red lights in a vertical line not less than
3 feet nor more than 6feet apart where they may best
be seen.
Vessels, with or without tows, passing Coast Guard
vessels displaying this signal, shall reduce their speed
sufficiently to insure the safety of both vessels, and
when passing within 200feet of the Coast Guard vessel
displaying this signal, their speed shall not exceed 5
miles per hour.
High Seas (International Rules) Rule 4(c)
Day-three shapes not less than 6feet apart each not
less than 2feet in diameter, of which the highest and
lowest shall be globular in shape and red in color, and
the middle one diamond in shape and white in color.
Night-three lights in a vertical line not less than 6
feet apart, the highest and lowest being red and the
middle one being white in color.
Eight new LORANC stations are being built to pro-
vide service to the U. S. West Coast, Canadian West
Coast and Gulf of Alaska. All of the new stations are
nearing completion. Some have begun transmitting
intermittently for testing. All eight new stations will
betransmitting signals in early 1977. The signals from
these stations have not been calibrated for navigation
and will be subject to interruption and adjustment
until all construction is complete and they are fully
calibrated. Calibration of the LORANC chains will
begin in J anuary 1977and will be completed in phases.
Each newchain will becertified operational by the U.S.
Coast Guard following completion of each phase of the
calibration and thetermination of construction activi ty.
Fully operational LORANC service will beavailable on
the following approximate schedule:
a. U. S. West Coast LORANC chain, rate 9940(SS6)
April 1977.
b. Canadian West Coast LORAN C chain, rate 5990
(SH1)May 1977.
c. Gulf of Alaska LORANC chain, rate 7960 (SL4) .
J une 1977.
Navigation charts for West Coast and Alaskan off-
shore and coastal waters will be available by J anuary
1977 from the National Ocean Survey (NOS), and
should be procured by mariners who wish to use the
new chains as soon as they are declared operational.
Somehow, somewhere, some members seem to have
gotten the impression that CU and AtoN activities
can only be conducted while on patrol or only as an
Auxiliary group function. Nothing could be further
from the truth. Some of the most outstanding reports
submitted by Auxiliarists have occurred while they
were operating by themselves or with their families,
and they have had more unusual experiences while
doing them. It would be impossible to tell them all,
but here's a fewyou might want to try.
The Skipper and First Mate got tired of hearing the
junior crew members complain, "When are we going
to get there?" and Where are we going this trip?"
So, they taught thekids some simple navigation, showed
them where they were coming from, the course line and
where they were going. They were given a chart and a
book of nautical chart symbols and were told to find
how many things they could see that were not on the
chart. Well, before you knew it, the junior set was
pointing out things every time you took a breath. Due
to taking bearings, etc., a planned cruise of three hours
lengthened to more than ten, and over a hundred CU
items were found. This caused some drastic steps to be
taken, so the junior crewwas taught some more naviga-
tion, including howto take running fixes, basic piloting,
etc. It also helped them improve their math. One memo
ber became an expert at using the leadline and another
improved her physical condition rowing the dinghy
when using it as apilot boat in shallow and uncharted
water for the larger boat to follow. This also led to
some interesting gunkholing.
The next winter, the family was getting "cabin fever"
due to extreme cold weather and snow. So, it was de-
cided to go charting by car along the waterfront of a
major port. The fact that the snow was several inches
deep and the temperature was only 15 did not deter
them. Hot beverages were packed along with charts,
compass, pelorus, 100' measuring tape and other
essentials. Whenever they spotted something worth
charting, they would trudge out in the snow and locate
the item by measuring fromother charted items such as
buildings snd street intersections. While taking bear-
ings with the chart on the car's hood, they were stopped
by the city police inquiring who they were, what they
were d oing and why. A fter ex p l anations were mad e,
the p ol ice offerred to show them many more items and
to tak e them into p l aces that were p rivate p rop erty.
A fter a few hours in the col d , they were invited to p o-
l ice head quarters to warm up and have coffee and
d oughnuts. A s a resul t, a warm rel ationship was es-
tablished and some PR work accomplished. One CU
trip l ed to the d iscovery of a new fire boat station.
While gathering data relative to the station from the
firecap tain, an al arm was sound ed and p op was invited
to tak e a fire boat rid e, in 1 5 weather. During their
various C U travel s by car, this famil y had many unique
ex p eriences and met many wond erful p eop l e from vari-
ous countries. Not onl y were A ux il iary C U and PR
work accomp l ished , but the entire famil y gained an ed -
ucation and had the fun of doing things together.
I am sure that many other A ux il iarists and their
famil ies have had some unusual ex p eriences whil e
performing Auxiliary activities. I am also sure that
many others coul d have the ex p erience of work ing
together and having family fun.
Charles D. Alden
A Fel owship PR Sp ectacul ar

A ttemp ting to achieve the goal s of p ubl ic awareness

of the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary while combining
pleasure with safe boating, Flotilla 24-04 of Florence,
Alabama, sponsored its 2nd Annual "Parade of Lights"
on December 4, 1976. Auxiliarists and fellow boaters
in the area l ighted their boats in a hol id ay mood to p a-
rad e on the waters of First C reek in front of Joe Wheel er
State Park Resort Lodge. This state resort is located on
Wheel er Lak e near R ogersvil l e, A l abama, a p art of the
beautiful Tennessee Valley.
Six Trop hies d onated by l ocal marine stores were
awarded to boaters as judged by a panel of 3 non-
boaters. First p l ace winner was M r. & M rs. Sterl ing
Jones, M uscl e Shoal s, A l abama, with their houseboat
"The E l ectron." A fter the col orful p arad e on cal m
waters, 1 08 A ux il iarists and guests enjoyed a d inner
and d ancing at the Lod ge. M aster of ceremonies for the
events was Mr. J ohn Robb, Captain, Division 24.
Safety patrol boats belonging to Charles Patton;
Flotilla 24-04 Commander; Clyde Roberts; Tolbert
W. Marks; plus Art Sanderson, Flotilla 24-05 Com-
mander, assisted the BOSDET team from Muscle
Shoals, Alabama, in patrolling the parade.
Pl ans are al read y being mad e for nex t year's "Parad e
of Lights" on Saturday, 3 December 1977. You are
al l cord ial l y invited to join us.
Thank you Barbara MacQuizz, 1976 Chairman,
"Parade of Lights."
Acme sails, I will not buy;
They're O. K. while they are dry
But when the sails get wet with spray,
The wind will tear your chute away.
M A R C H , 1 9 77
Hal l e y ' s C om e t
A funny story making the rounds about the art of
communications through the chain of command has
come to our attention from several sources recentl y.
It goes like this:
A col onel issued the fol l owing ord er to his ex ecutive
officer: "Tomorrow evening at ap p rox imatel y 2000
hours Halley's Comet will be visible in this area, an
event which occurs onl y once every 75 years. H ave the
men fal l out in the battal ion area in fatigues, and I
wil l ex p l ain this rare p henomenon to them. I n case of
rain, we wil l not be abl e to see anything, so assembl e
the men in the theater and I will show them films of it."
Clear enough. So the executive officer wrote to the
comp any command er "By ord er of the col onel , tomor-
row at 2000 hours, Halley's Comet will appear over
the battal ion area. I f it rains, fal l the men out in fati-
gues, then march to the theater where this rare p heno-
menon wil l tak e p l ace, something which occurs onl y
once every 75 years."
The comp any command er thereup on instructed his
lieutenant: "By order of the colonel in fatigues at 2000
hours tomorrow evening, the p henomenal H al l ey's
C omet wil l ap p ear in the theater. I n case of rain in the
battal ion area, the col onel wil l give another ord er,
something which occurs once every 75 years."
Snap p ed the l ieutenant to this sergeant: "Tomorrow
at 2000 hours, the colonel will appear in the theater
with Halley's Comet, something which happens every
75 years. If it rains, the colonel will order the Comet
into the battal ion area."
A nd the sergeant tol d his squad : "When it rains
tomorrow at 2000 hours, the phenomenal 75 year old
General H al l ey, accomp anied by the col onel , wil l d rive
his Comet through the battalion area theater in fa-
FL. 12-19
Dist. 9CR
Girl Bow R id er
Drowned in C ol ium
R ecentl y, a former mod el of mine, 1 9 years ol d ,
d rowned when a hyd rop l ane crashed head -on into the
boat on which she was rid ing, catap ul ting her into the
water from the bow where she was sitting, wearing no
life jacket. Fifteen hours later her body was found.
Why dopeople insist on riding on the bows of boats?
Why dothey wear no lifejackets when unable to swim?
Why d o other p eop l e race fast boats in areas where
p eop l e are water sk iing and p l easure boating?
Shirley A. Dixon
FSO 77
The Blinker 5th District
P A G E 35
M ember Trainin~,
Im p rov e m e n ts Ne ar
In A d v an c e d M e m b e r T rai l i n g
One of the most consistently voiced complaints re-
garding our Operational Specialty Courses (OSC's) con-
cerns the fact that students never know what questions
are incorrectly answered on the examinations.
Since the answer sheets are machine-graded (as part
of the computerized system used by the Coast Guard
Institute), there appeared to belittle that could be done
toprovide "student feedback" that would not potential-
ly compromise specific questions on an examination.
However, through the efforts of interested personnel
in the Office of the Chief Director and in your Depart-
ment of Membership Training, a solution to this prob-
lem now appears possible. The solution involves the
generation of key words (or subjects) for each question
on all of our ase examinations. These key words will
be programmed into the computer so that when a
question is answered incorrectly, the computer will
printout a word or two that will be descriptive of the
subject matter covered in that particular question.
For example, assume that a student who took the
Weather asc examination missed a question concern-
ing the definition of a "front". The grade sheet that he
receives fromthe Institute might beimprinted with the
word "front" - indicating that he incorrectly answered
aquestion onfronts and thus needs additional study in
that subject area.
At this time, it is impossible to say just howsoon the
program can be implemented but we are pushing it
very hard. Already, most of the word lists have been
completed and the balance will becompleted inthe very
near future, It will then become a matter of program-
ming the lists into the computer and, finally, debugging
the program for routine use.
One other deficiency in our OSC Program relates to
thelack of instructor guides (in all but the Seamanship
OSC). Again, we have given this project the highest
possible priority and, in fact, some of the guides are
nearing completion. However, until these guides be-
comeavailable, instructors again are urged to carefully
review the course objectives (for each aSC) outlined in
Section B of the Auxiliary Membership Qualification
Guide (CG-302).
The completion of these two projects - "student
feedback" and "instructor guides" - will mark asignifi-
cant improvement in our asc Program. If you have
ideas relating to other needed improvements, please
do not keepthem to yourself; send them to:
J ohn S. Potts, DC-T
407Penwood Road
Silver Spring, Maryland 20901
Time and the M ariner
Time is one of the elements required to fix the mari-
ner's east or west position on the earth's surface. But
less than 100 years ago there was no international
reference point from which a mariner could locate his
east or west position on the earth's surface. Each
country, city, town and village had its own local time.
This time was kept by the local watchmaker, who de-
termined 12noon when hefelt that the sun was direct-
ly overhead.
With the advent of rapid transportation such as rail-
roads and steamboats, the problems created by each
area having its own local time became more apparent.
With each railroad company keeping its own time, it
was impossible to make timely connections between
more than 100different railroad companies, or to plan
to reach a distant port for a ship departure.
Dr. Charles Ferdinand Dowd, a Saratoga, New York,
school principal, realized the economic havoc created
by the lack or a standard time system and the affects
it was having upon an expanding mid 19th century
United States. Dr. Dowd waged a long but fruitful
campaign to have the railroads establish a system of
standard time zones. On November 18, 1883 time
stood still inmany communities throughout the United
States as clocks were reset to conform to the new
"Standard Time Zones" system. The established zones
were Eastern, Central, Mountain and Pacific time.
It was not until 1918 that congress empowered the
Interstate Commerce Commission to establish time
zone boundaries under the Standard Time Act. The
system of time zones was so successful, congress au-
thorized President Chester A_ Arthur to convene the
Washington Meridian Conference in 1884. The result
of this conference established time zones around the
world, and agreement by 21 nations that the world's
time reference point be Greenwich, England home of
the Royal Observatory. This point is referred to as the
"Prime Meridian" and every 15 degrees east or west
of this meridian a one hour time change takes place.
Roughly a one hour time change takes place for every
+ 1050miles measured along the equator.
Although the mercator charts, using parallel lines
oflatitude were in use by the mariner around the year
1569, longitude remained an elusive north-south line.
Longitude was determined by multiplying the east-west
distance traveled fromthe point of origin, by the secant
of the latitude. In 1714the British Government offered
a $20,000prize to anyone proposing a method of locat-
ing longitude tothe nearest 'hdegree. This prize money
was paid out but the practical application of these
plans proved impossible. It was not till the late 1700's
that the Royal Navy used the observatory at Greenwich
England as their reference point and through asystem
of timezones was able tolocate longitude to the nearest
'12 degree. At the 1884 Washington conference the
United States proposed that the nations of the world
accept theBritish System. France and Brazil abstained.
One coun try voted against the p rop osal , bu t 21 countries
agreed toimplement the British system which included
a 24hour system of time zones which began with 0000
and ended at 2400.
Ironically, on November 12, 1904, Dr. Dowd, the lead-
ing A merican p rop onent of the stand ard time zone
system, was killed at arailroad crossing by a train that
was not on time.
Stanley Lechner
Branch Chief-Piloting
" If Y ou Hav e Not. . . ."
Publ ic E d ucation is one of the four p rimary p rograms
of the Auxiliary (CMEs, Operational Support of the
Coast Guard, and Fellowship are the others).
I n ord er to successful l y comp ete with tel evision and
other demands for our students time, Public Education
(and M embership Training) instructors must not onl y.
be dedicated and knowledgeable, but must utilize
instruction techniques which wil l attract and hol d the
stud ent's interest.
Dedicated and knowledgeable instructors the Auxi-
liary has, both in Public Education and Membership
Training cl asses. But how interesting? H ow innova-
tive? H ow stimul ating?
Those presenting the Auxiliary to the public (and to
its members) shoul d use techniques which are inter-
esting, innovative, and stimul ating. For it is they who
will successfully challenge the high-priced television
talent from whose skilled presentations the student
must be d rawn. From the comfort and ease of his or
her favorite chair we hop e to remove our stud ent, con-
vince him to l eave his home and d ep art into the d ark
and often rainy or snowy night, to l isten to OUR ad -
vertising- "SAFE BOATING."
The Advanced Instructor's Schools scheduled for
Petaluma, CA., Yorktown, VA., and Fort Knox, KY.,
are the sites where USCGAUX instructors may "fuel
up " with techniques to initiate, maintain, and thus
ensure student interest. For dates, refer toTHE NAVI-
GATOR, December 1976, pg. 10, or check with your

If you have not graduated from an Advanced In-

structor's School, why not make 1977the year that you
do? Not only will the students you instruct appreciate
your efforts in their behalf, but YOU will receive more
enjoyment from the p rep aration and p resentation of
your material .
See you there!
Bob Roscoe
M A R C H , 1 9 77 P A G E 37
B ook R e v i e w
rad Miller. Motor Boating &Sailing Books, 224 W.
57th Street, NYC 10019, 1973, 350pp., $7.50.
Next to fuel shortage, problems with the electrical
system are p robabl y the most frequent cause of recrea-
tional vessel SAR cases. This is a book for the Auxil-
iarist who wishes to k now more about the el ectrical
system aboard his own vessel and thus refrain from
becoming a SAR victim himself.
The first detail noticed by both a casual looker and
stud ent is the p rofusion of simp l e, yet ex cel l ent l ine
drawings by Richard Meyer. When added to the auth-
or's abil ity to ex p l ain in simp l e terms what can be d iffi-
cul t subjects, even the novice wil l become fl uent in the
Beginning with "Fund amental s" (E l ectricity-what it
is, sources, k ind s of current, units of measurement,
measuring, wire sizes, basic circuits, temp erature
vs. resistance, ground ed circuits; and d efinition of
terms, theauthor next describes thebattery -from what
it is through maintenance. (H ow many of us have been
asked togivetowtoavessel with adead battery - usually
the resul t of p oor or l ack of maintenance.)
The Modern Boat's D. C. System, Living with 'House-
power' Aboard, Bonding, Charging Circuits (excellent
ex p l anations of generator, al ternator, regul ator, main-
tenance and trouble shooting), Battery Chargers, al-
ternatingcurrentgenerating plants (including a tabula-
tion of wattage demand by various popular lI5-volt
ap p l iances), engine starting circuits (incl ud ing me-
chanical, helical shaft or Bendix, shifter fork and
d oubl e-red uction d rives, as wel l as troubl e shooting
each type), ignition (including capacitor discharge),
ignition tuning, el ectrical troubl e shooting, taming
electrolytic (galvanic) corrosion (NOT electrolysis),
electrical shocks, protecting against lightning, electrical
motors aboard (A.C. and D.C.), conservation of cur-
rent d emand , saving soak ed el ectrical equip ment,
construction and use of d ual -p urp ose troubl e l ight,
removal of el ectrical noise from el ectronic equip men t
and el ectricity and its affects on the comp ass.
As a volume in the MB&S Guide Series, the material
in this one ideally should be in a boatman's head. If
not, it should bein his library. And that is the reason
for this book.
Bob Roscoe
B ook R e v i e w
Their Ships, Aircraft and Armament. Edited by J ean
Labayle Couhat, U. S. Naval Institute, 1976, 575pp.
Nation by nation the major types of naval equipment
are illustrated and specifications given, as well as
known strength (numbers) available at the time of
Readers should ponder the quoted statement of Ad-
miral Gorshkov, Commander in Chief of the Soviet
Navy, that "Henceforth the flag of the Soviet Navy
will float proudly on all the oceans of the world. Sooner
or later the United States will have to understand that
it is no longer master of the sea!"
Sea-going Coast Guard equipment is extensively
described from high endurance cutters to Hovercraft.
An extensive analysis of the overall strength, wea-
pons and systems for the major powers makes reading
not only interesting but furnishes comparative data.
This is the first English translation of the biennial
French guide which has been published since 1897.
With some 1400 photographs and 55 drawings it
enables the reader to understand the relative strength
and capabilities of the world's fleets.
R. S. Roscoe
K e e p C om m un i c ati on s
C l e ar & S i m p l e
The importance of communicating ideas effective-
ly cannot beoveremphasized, This applies toAuxiliary
communications, as well as in any other field of endea-
vor. Written communications should be kept clear,
and to the point. Many times a person is more confus-
ed after reading a memo or directive than he was
An example of the importance of effective written
communications made the "office rounds" several
years ago. Unfortunately, the name of the author is
A plumber wrote to a nationally famous testing la-
boratory and said he found that hydrochloric acid
quickly opened plugged drainage pipes, and he in-
quired whether that was a good thing to use.
A junior chemist at the laboratory opened the letter,
and he replied that, "The efficacy of hydrochloric acid
is indisputable, but the corrosive residue is incompati-
ble with metallic permanence."
The plumber promptly wrote back, thanking the la-
boratory for telling him that the method he was using
was all right.
The junior chemist was greatly disturbed about the
misunderstanding, and turned the correspondence over
tohis boss, who had aPhD in chemistry. Hewrote the
plumber: !<Wecannot assume responsibility for the pro-
R e p ort of Nati on al Hi s tori an
At the conclusion of all of the "Hoop-l a" celebration
of the Bi-Centennial year, the parades and speeches
and the many prayers of thanksgiving that we are liv-
ing in such a wonderful country as America, it boils
down to just this: The greatness of this country does
not lie in what government has done for the people,
but in what the people have done for themselves.
The Coast Guard Auxiliary is a stereotype of that
arrangement. It is not so much where westand, as in
what direction weare moving.
We are moving more quickly than one imagines,
and many of the great activities that are occuring from
timetotime throughout the Coast Guard family, that is
responsible for its wonderful tradition, is too often
overlooked or taken for granted and not properly re-
corded for future generations to pursue.
Many districts and even divisions are writing their
own unit's history and this is very good, but that infor-
mation will belimited to the future Auxiliarists of that
It is the intention of the Coast Guard Auxiliary, that
besides the early history of it's activities that is now
being prepared for the printers, a record of it's current
activities bekept by the historian, so that from time to
time an addenden will beadded to the original history.
To obtain this information, it depends on you, the
District Historians, the Commodores, the Captains
etc., so send your articles to the BCI ARH as soon as
Youwill no doubt bethinking that with all you have
todo in fulfilling the responsibilities of your office you
are already doing the best you can, and there is no
doubt about it, but. it is not always enough to do our
best- sometimes wehave to do what is required.
R.E. "J unior" Blanchard
Branch Chief Records
duction of toxic and noxious residue resulting from
the use of hydrochloric acid, and suggest you use an
alternative procedure. Acids have a deleterious effect
upon ferrous metals."
Again, the plumber wrote back that he agreed with
the laboratory - hydrochloric acid works fine!
By now, the two chemists were completely alarmed,
so they took their problem to the head of the labora-
tory. He wrote the plumber: "Don't use hydrochloric
acid- it eats hen out of metal pipes."
From "The Beacon"
FL. 12-19,
MAY 6,1977
T h e D e p artm e n t of
M e m b e r T rai n i n g
V IS i ts J un e au, A l as k a
The sun never sets on the Department of Member
Training. This was virtually true as two members of
the department arrived inJ uneau, Alaska, on 7J anuary
1977 to conduct an Instructor Training Workshop for
seven days.
The Workshop followed the annual conference of the
17th District with a full day of instruction in all areas of
Public Education being held on Sunday, 9 J anuary.
Our program for the Instructor Workshop was held
each day, Monday through Friday, 10 through 14J an-
uary from 1300 until 1600.
During this time weconducted all required lessons in
the new CG-336, taped one o-minute presentation for
each student, taught them howtomake overhead trans-
parencies and conducted training in the use of visual
This workshop provided field test of the new CG336
Basic Instructor Text soon tobethe manual used to
qualify new instructors.
It was our feeling that wehad a very successful work-
shop. The students were extremely attentive and in-
terested. They asked many questions and participated
freely in the discussions and work periods.
Our eighteen registrants, fifteen of whom were in
attendance at every session, represented almost every
major city on the southern perimeter of the state of
Alaska. They came from Sitka, Petersburg, J uneau,
Douglas, Valdez, Anchorage, Sand Point and from
Adak Island in the Aleutians. The distance fromJ uneau
to the farthest point from which they came is approxi-
mately sixteen hundred miles. If they carry their train-
ing back to their localities, we shall have covered the
most important areas of all Alaska insofar as boating
is concerned.
We had full cooperation from the Diraux and the
DCO during our stay, and their hospitality and assis-
tance were gratefully accepted. Indeed, we both agreed
that we have never before met a more friendly, hospit-
able and interested group of Auxiliarists. The local
Coast Guard officers also were very helpful at all times.
The entire trip was mutually beneficial and will re-
main always a week to remember.
Harold W. Graham
Ralph R. Hoffman
MAY 6,1977
MARCH,1977 PAGE 39
This is a photo of a portion of our students making
overhead transparencies.
P E Offi c e rs
C an Y ou T op T h i s ?
The following commendatory message was sent from
the Commandant to the Coast Guard Auxiliary District
Commodore, CGAUX9(ER) on 8 October 1976:
To CCGDNINE Cleveland, Oh
CCGDNINE not Addee
Commodore Elwood P. Sawitke
Ninth Eastern Region
US Coast Guard Auxiliary
1. I would like to take this opportunity to congratulate
you and Division 7, 9th (ER) on conducting 200 weeks
of Boating Skills and Seamanship Classes uninterrupt-
ed except for 2weeks over Christmas.
2. It is dedication such as this to the cause of Boating
Safety that makes the men and women of Division 7,
9th (ER), a credit not only tothe Coast Guard Auxiliary
but to the Coast Guard as well. Their efforts are worthy
of recognition and commendation.
3. Once again, congratulations on an exceptional
E d ucation
B e n n ud a M i s s i on
Ever wonder what happens after a course is present-
ed and completed? Was it worth all the effort? Did
the people involved really learn and put into practice
the subjects that were presented? Rarely can the reo
sul ts of much of our work in education be assessed.
We have to believe in the good we are doing and know
deep down that we are helping the people we try to
It was, therefore, withgreat pleasure thai welearned
some of the results of the program presented in Febru-
ary 1976to the Bermuda Search and Rescue Institute,
the Bermuda Water Safety Council, and the Marine
As reported in the March 1976issue ofNA VIGATOR,
wewere to present, in ten nightly sessions of three or
more hours each, as much of the BS&S course as related
to the unique situation in Bermuda. In addition and
concurrently, the Auxiliary Instructor Course would be
taught. The students came from all walks of life, were
all volunteers, and were extremely interested in boat-
ing safety. The class was small, eighteen in all; but
all eighteen completed the course and all passed,
some with excellent grades.
Before, during, and after the class sessions, areas of
our Auxiliary program were brought into the discus-
sions - other public education courses, member train-
ing, displays of safety equipment, courtesy examina-
tions, public relations, and others.
Believing we had done what we could, we left for
home wondering if the interest. and desire to develop
such a program of their own would really continue.
Wehave learned that it has.
Last spring, working with the three main boat equip-
ment dealers, a safety equipment booth was set up
and manned in the showroom of one dealer with excel-
lent results. (One dealer reported a 300
J {] increase in
sales of safety related items.) 1\. 10 courses (one at
either end of the island) using our BS&S text are near
completion and going very wel l. Thcic is already a
waiting list for the next course scheduled for March!
The BSARI, and especially those directly involved
with all of this action, are really pleased and enthusias-
tic about their success in using our Auxiliary ideas.
They are especially grateful to the U.S. Coast Guard
personnel who brought our Auxiliary ideas and ma-
terials to their island. Many letters of appreciation
have been received by those involved.
J oe and Lee Burnham
Note s on B e n n ud a M i s s i on
The group of people attending the sessions were of
varied backgrounds and occupations - deep water
sailors, police, marine police, restaurant employees,
members of the Water Safety Council, tour boat opera-
tors, marine engineers, and many others - all employ-
ed and working people. Their continuing interest in
attending and studying this course is highly commend-
It was understood that we were to teach as much of
our BS&S as would apply to Bermuda and in the way we
would in any PE effort at home. In addition, we knew
the members of this class were potential instructors
for theBermuda Search and Rescue Institute and would
wish toutilize as much of our materials and methods as
possible. So wedecided to include, as part of the over-
all effort, the complete Auxiliary Instructors Course.
Wedivided the assignment, as follows, for each class:
Instructors Course - Lee Burnham, J oe Burnham
BS&SSubject-J oeBurnham, LeeBurnham assisting.
Much of the planning for presentation of the subject
matter needed to be, and was done, prior to depar-
ture. But, 2- 3hours each day in Bermuda by each of
us was spent in developing that evening's program,
in order to best fit the material to the needs of the class.
Each training period was approximately three hours
in length. The attendance for the two-week, ten-crass-
session course was exceptional- 18studen ts registered,
18 students completed the course and were awarded
certificates and cards.
Comments from students were complimentary and
wefelt that course to beasuccess. The proof to us came
on the night of the examination when everyone of the
18members was present and successfully passed the
test. Marks varied from a high of 96 to a low of 75,
with most grades in the eighties.
Our reception and treatment by all of the people
involved was most outstanding and weleft feeling that
wenow have at least 25new friends for ourselves and
for the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary.
J oseph E. Burnham
Lee Burnham
Youth E d ucation
The C oast Guard is p l acing more and more emp hasis
on the imp ortance of ed ucating not onl y ad ul ts but
youth in boating safety. The number of youth taught
is one of the factors consid ered in the National A chieve-
ment A ward for Publ ic E d ucation. This, in itsel f, is a
strong ind ication that our p arent organization feel s
the need for youth education.
Educating our youth in boating safety does indeed
mak e sense. I nformation p assed on to chil d ren in the
formative years is received with op en mind s. Pre-
conceived id eas have not had a chance to d evel op .
Youngsters who are mad e aware of p ertinent safety
information automatical l y k now what is ex p ected of
them and can be of great assistance to their p arents.
M ost imp ortant of al l . these youngsters are our future
A nyone who has been invol ved in p ubl ic ed ucation-is
aware that there are unl imited op p ortunities to p resent
youth courses d uring the d ay in the p ubl ic school sys-
tem, Boy Scout camp s, etc. H owever, there is amp l e
op p ortunity to p resent them in the evening al so.
J ust recently wewere told that a flotilla is planning
to p resent youth courses in conjunction with their
BS&S and Sail Courses for children of students in the
adult classes. This flotilla will beserving adouble pur-
pose. They will be saving their adult students the
cost of a baby-sitter as wel l as ed ucating their young-
If your flotilla has not been active in youth education
in the p ast, time shoul d be tak en to consid er p resenting
these courses in the future.
I f you woul d l ik e to share your id eas on p resenting
these courses with other A ux il iarists, p l ease send the
information to:
Elizabeth A. Potts, DVC-ED
407Pen\vood Road
Silver Spring, Maryland 20901
R oti l l a 29 Offe rs Ne w A p p roac h
to S ai l C ours e
Sincethesizeof classes inFlotilla 29prohibits taking
the class to the sailboat, the sailboat is brought to the
The first night, a 12-foot sloop-rigged daggerboard
boat is brought to class, The instructor l ectures as he
rigs the boat. Students can comeupat the break, or at
the end of cl ass and see, touch, and ask on-scene ques-
tions. To keepthem further enthused, they are shown
any fast-moving sail fil ms which are avail abl e.
On the third night the first three lectures are tied
together with the film"Basic Sailing", available from
the Red Cross. The finale of the filmis planned to re-
k ind l e eagerness to sail .
Services of a l ocal sail mak er are util ized on the fourth
night. Usual l y these ex p erts have interesting training
aid s which get the message across, and again al l ow
the students to see, touch, and ask questions.
M A R C H , 1 9 77
Sail ing E d ucation
Through an oversight, a certificate for the seven
(7)-l esson sail course was not incl ud ed in the p ack age
of satellite material packed in the box of twenty (20)
book s. A certificate shoul d be issued to the success-
ful grad uate of this course. These certificates can be
obtained fromyour DSO-MA as they are available in
limited supply at no cost fromthe National Store.
All sailing instructors and FSO/PE's should beusing
the instructor's l esson p l an which is p art of the satel -
lite material of each twenty (20)books. If the table of
contents in the tex t is used as an outl ine for the in-
structor, certain areas wil l not receive satisfactory
coverage. A s an ex amp l e, "Rules of the R oad " is
covered only by Appendix B in the text, yet half of les-
son five (5) in the instructors l esson p l an is d evoted to
this subject.
H op eful l y. by mid -year, we wil l have our revised
sail ing tex t and course avail abl e for use and we p romise
that the l esson assignments wil l corresp ond to the tex t
chapters. The statistics for the year 1976show that
there was an overal l imp rovement in the number and
p ercentage of stud ents comp l eting the sail ing cl asses.
C ongratul ations! With the imp l ementation of new
training and teaching aid s combined with the new and
more comp rehensive course and tex t, the statistics
shoul d be even better one year from now. A s al ways,
our success wil l come from those of you who have p ut
forth the d esire, effort, and p atience required for the
A ux il iary to succeed in sail ing ed ucation.
Shoul d you have any questions or comments regard -
ing any of the above, p l ease write me at 7630 Kirwin
Lane, San J ose, Ca. 95129, attention J erry Sullivan,
A bout this time there is an op tional fiel d trip to a
sail loft. M ost sail makers wil l work up an hour-and -a-
half tour/lecture at their l ofts. A fter the seventh session
a second op tional trip is p rovid ed to another organi-
zation which has rel ated marine activities in its p hysical
p l ant. Usual l y a two-hour tour is set up here.
The stud ents are enthusiastic about the id ea!
Audrey R. Cavanaugh
FC 29
The Blinker 5th District
PA GE 41
EducatiollLjjLco, "N".DC'
Fl oti l l a75 M ak e s Hi s tory
i n P Ee Efforts
They did it, and will probably do it again because
instructors in Flotilla 75 in Austin, Texas keep on try-
ing to break their own records and top their own stat
report figures. They do things big in Texas.
The figure they hope to top is in excess of 25,000.
That's the number of attendees at the three-week PEC
session on water and boating safety put on by J ames
Gorman and Andy Anderson of Flotilla 75 last year at
Fort Hood in Killeen, Texas. Anderson was FC at the
time, and Gorman was VFC_
It all started at Austin's 1976Boat and Camper Show
last J anuary when the flotilla's PR officer got into con-
versation with Nelson Ringmacher, a safety officer at
vast Fort Hood, and also a member of the Central
Texas Water Safety Council. Ringmacher had heard
of our "have lecture, will travel" course, and invited
Anderson and Gorman to Belton to meet with the
CTWSC and make their presentation on boating safety.
Then came other invitations to speak to the Belton
Yacht Club, the Killeen Civitan Club and other groups.
Then came the big one: an invitation from Fort Hood
where men like Gen. R.M. Shoemaker and Gen. George
Patton, J r., saw the need for some hard-hitting boat-
ing safety instruction because of the many drownings
and boating accidents suffered on the Fort Hood area
lakes. These two leaders knew where to turn when
looking for people who can tell it like it is, and like it
could be, when it comes to educating the public on
boating safety. . .the UB. Coast Guard Auxiliary.
Things culminated with orders cut and signed, and
Austinites Anderson and Gorman found themselves
quartered at Fort Hood and assigned to put on an
average of four PEe sessions a day for three weeks.
At the end of the three weeks, over 2:),000 men and
women had been instructed in boating and water safety
by way of lectures, films, and Question-and-answer
periods. PEe history was made. And history has a
way of repeating itself. Gorman, now FC of 75, has
been requested to put on another PEC this coming
spring and summer. Needless to say, he has accepted.
In some activities, participants keep doing a thing
over and over until they get it right. Tnthis case, they
knew they must have done it right the first time to be
invited back.
Public Education is not the only cornerstone con-
cerned in this event. Courtesy examiners of Flotilla
75were invited toconduct boat examinations on several
weekends in the Killeen area, and did themselves
proud. They've been asked to repeat that, too.
Public relations also prospered. Killeen area news-
papers were generous with their newspaper coverage,
and an hour-long show featuring Gorman and Anderson
was taped by J ames Henson who helps produce shows
for the Fort Hood TV station and is also Communica-
tions Officer of75. The show was aired all last summer
inthe Killeen area, chalking upsome impressive figures
on that Flotilla's monthly PR reports.
Best of all, boating accidents were at a minimum last
summer on Fort Hood lakes, and isn't boating safety
what we're all about?
Proof that District 8 honors its own: at the District
Winter Conference in Austin, J anuary 20 through 23,
Martin Herz, DCO-S, presented 75 the coveted Ells-
worth A. Weinberg Award for the "Greatest Contribu-
tion toPublic Education" by a flotilla, and Gorman and
Anderson received letters of congratulation from Ad-
miral Barrow. FC Gorman says history will repeat
They think positive in Texas.
It would seem that what started with a public ap-
pearance at a boat show, snowballed for Flotilla 75 in
Austin. Auxiliarists might remember this when asked
to put in an hour or two in a booth.
Betty Anderson
Because Flotilla 51 wanted to use the BS&S student
workbooks more effectively, grading strips were made.
Students were asked to read the chapter and complete
the worksheets prior to the presentation of the chapter.
Using the grading strips Auxiliarists could quickly
correct the worksheets, returning them to the students
before class started. Grades were not given as we want-
ed the workbooks completed voluntarily and without
the pressure of competition. Students and Auxiliarists
had great debates before class discussing errors and
using the textbook reference that had been penciled in
by each incorrect answer. Also, as the Auxiliarists
marked the incorrect answers, penciled marks were
made on the strips so that a tally could bemade of how
many students missed each question. The tally was
given to the instructor of that chapter enabling him to
clear up major misconceptions early in the lesson.
The grading strips should be renamed bonus strips.
Students began arriving early, eager to debate the
issues. Socializing became easy for all, and the instruc-
tor could approach his friendly, fired-up, informed
audience with more time to expand on what the stu-
dents had already read in the textbook. Attendance
remained high as the students expected additional ma-
terial at class, not simply a reiteration of the textbook
chapter. By the end of 1976, ninety-eight percent of
Flotilla 51 membership had participated in the Public
Education Programs, many as workbook graders.
Donna Moon
2WR District
1903 1
Orville .~J
and Wil-
bur Wright
begin Amenca's tradition of aviation by suc-
cessfully completing thefirst manned airplane
flight at Kittyhawk, North Carolina.
O------+All Strips J oined By Ring
Ch. 16on one ring; Ch. 713on another
~ Strip 1 1 " x 2" to fit on work sheet
Question Number
p. 2 Tex tbook p age where answer is p rinted
0 4 0
Punched hol e to reveal correct answer &
the number which shoul d ap p ear in the hol e.
~ p. 2
0 4
Pencil ed mark mad e on strip each time question
p. 1
was missed .
4 0
p. 4
p. 5
p. 4
V Page number as a check that the correct
MARCH, 1977
strip is being used .
PA GE 43
-...'! "-
Since we, as instructors, have accepted the CHALLENGE of an instructor. we've also accepted the RE-
SPONSIBILITY and decided to meet the OBLIGATION as an instructor.
Wenowmust succeed in GETTING THROUGH to OUT students. Wemust present our topics in a manner
which will allow our students to accept the points and philosophies we are advocating.
Frank L. Palmer
Concise and to the point.
Do your home work.
Use loud enough voice delivery, free of distract-
ing sounds. Use proper body language.
Use well founded material. Know your subject.
Present things only pertaining to the subject.
Use a TEACHING AID. Do something to de-
mand attention. (Honk a horn, blink a light).
"All the world's a stage." Perform while making
your presentation.
Be aware who you are as an instructor. In so
doing, we, as instructors, can better anticipate our
Try to create an inter-personal relationship with
each student. Eye contact, use of compatible
language, stay on level of student (don't talk
down to them), mingle with them.
It might be much more productive to consider
the world (even the new-boatmans-world) from
OTH E R person's point of view.
On October 10, 1976, many members of Flotilla 57,
Division 5, Virginia Beach, Virginia, visited Craney
Island, home of the Coast Guard's Group Hampton
Roads. Through the courtesy of LT. Titimary, we first
were treated to a most informative tour of the Coast
Guard Cutter Taney. commanded by CDR. Moran. The
Taney is assigned as a weather station off the east
coast and spends 51%of the time there. We were
all surprised to learn about the colorful history of the
ship, the first to bear her guns on an enemy during the
attack on Pearl Harbor. Special thanks goto our guides
for making us feel so welcome and for all their patience
in answering all the questions fielded to them.
In the main operations building we were greeted by
theCPO onduty who explained the duties and responsi-
bilities of Group Hampton Roads. Our guide then led
us into the communication rooms where wewere given
a demonstration of the teletype machine, the radio and
other special equipment.
Wewound upour day with a picnic and "fellowship-
ping" which isoneof the cornerstones of the Auxiliary.
I urge other Auxiliarists to do the same and visit their
Coast Guard Group Command Center. All of us, old
and newmembers alike, found this visit helped us un-
derstand and appreciate what leads up to that "Coast
Guard Auxiliary vessel" message. Seeing is not only
believing, it is learning, too.
J udy K. Powers
FL 57 Diet. 5
Flotilla 73entered aparade boat into the 1976Peoria
Steam Boat Days Festival held in August this summer.
The flotilla facility was one of over twenty boats enter-
ed and it earned an honorable mention award. The
competition was tough since many of the entries had
elaborate illuminated decorations for the day and
night parades held on the Illinois River, at the foot of
downtown Peoria. Ours was the only service group
entry. Many hours of group effort were put into the
flotilla facility entry, and it paid off. The U.S. Coast
Guard Auxiliary was professionally represented with
its bicentennial theme of "The Spirit of Safe Boating."
Training A id Simp l e
Sail boat M od el
Here is a simple sailboat model which has been used
successfully in teaching sailing to beginners.
Advantages of this deviceare: (1) its lowcost-made
essentially fromscraps of thin wood or masonite, paper
fasteners and string; (2) its simplicity - too elaborate
an aidcan distract the class fromwhat you are trying to
teach; and (3) its portability-it will fit into a large
envelope or briefcase. Using the imagination to visual-
ize mast, sails, keel and tiller can help, rather than
hinder, the learning process.
Thelength ofthis model can be10inches or 20 inches
or more depending on the size of the class that is being
taught. or the sizeof the briefcase it is to be carried in.
Henrik M. C. Luykx
Flotilla 455th Dist.
View fro", underneath
Bruss puper- rnstcncrs
through holes
Strip of masonitc or wood,
fixed represents keel)
View from above
Represents jibbonl11
\or jib
Bruss 1)HI)er
fastene. ~",,,,,:::::~~;:, ~
trcpresenrs \\. __ St.-inl! (representing
l'uddcr muin sheet or jib sheet)
Nationwid e
Boating Survey
The Office of Boating Safety will be conducting
anationwide Boating Survey during the months
of March and April 1977.
The interviews will be conducted by telephone
by Chilton Research Services of Radnor, Pa.
Six thousand interviews averaging 15 minutes
in length will be completed with households
containing persons whoowned or operated aboat
in 1976. The fortyeight contiguous states will
be included in the sample.
It is expected that this survey will lead to a re-
liable estimate of the boating population, acci-
dent analysis information and boating education
information. This data will beused in analyzing
the effectiveness of boating safety prcg'rama.
All Coast Guard Auxiliarists should be aware
that the survey is being conducted under Coast
Guard sponsorship. Past experience has shown
that many citizens who are called will contact
Coast Guard Auxiliarists for verification of the
authenticity of the survey.
Nowgather round you sailor boys
And listen to my plea,
And when you hear my story, pity me,
For in 1974,The District Commodore
Appointed me asDSOMT
Nowtraining is my chore
And the members they need more,
If they're going to helpthe District meet its score,
Training, you all need this
To reach the goals in AUXMIS,
And bea better Auxiliarist, for sure.
Al! the members they do yearn,
Tostudy and to learn.
There's a training program at your very door.
Weneed your participation
In Specialty Navigation,
Seamanship and Weather. and lots more.
And as you sail the stormy sea,
You can hear the Boaters plea,
"My boat's aground, I need you to set me free",
And as you glory in your task,
No question need you ask,
You got your training in the Coast Guard Auxiliary.
Nowyou must never stop
In your quest to reach the top,
For it's there that lies the coveted AUXOP Pin,
And with a steadfast pace,
You're bound to reach first place,
With tears of joy, and laughter friend,
Ainslie Phillips
13th D i s tri c t C oas t G uard
S p e c i al C rui s e ' W e l l D on e '
One of the most memorable and enjoyable weekends in a
long time was experienced by my husband, Bob, and me on
October 30 and 31, when selected members of the Coast
Guard Auxiliary were guests of the Coast Guard on an incen-
tive award cruise from Seattle, Washington, to Victoria, B.C.
aboard the cutter Boutwell.
Members were chosen for their outstanding contribution to
the Coast Guard Auxiliary, and it was my great honor and
privilege to be selected for this award cruise.
With one hundred Auxiliarists and three members of the
Coast Guard, including the director of the Auxiliary for the
l Sth District. CDR. J . D. King, a photographer and their
wives, we departed from Seattle on a cold, cloudy morning
and headed out of Elliott Bay through Puget Sound into Ad-
miralty Inlet and the Strait of J uan de Fuca to the Canadian
Forces Base at Esquimalt, RC_, about a 20-minute bus ride
out of Victoria.
Oneof the most impressive sights of the whole trip was when
we were sailing past the Canadian Navy ships which were
docked at Esquimalt, As we sailed past, members of their
crew saluted and dipped their colors. The Boutwell then
dipped her colors, and the crew returned the salute. I have
seen this many times before, being a "Navy brat," but it never
fails to give me a thrill.
The expertise with which the crewhandled the ship, not only
in leaving Seattle, where the Boutwell had to go around her
sister ship, the Munro, and pass the ice-breaker, Polar Star,
with only 12feet clearance on either side, but also in coming
along side of the Canadian destroyer, where she berthed for
the night. was a sight to behold. The next morning was even
trickier, as there was a 40 mile per hour wind blowing and
the Boutwell had to make a complete turn around in the nar-
rowchannel to leave the harbor.
A fewstatistics about the Boutwell, courtesy of the Coast
Guard, might be interesting. Boutwell (WHEC 719) one of
the newest and finest cutters in the Coast Guard, is the fifth
of a new class of "high endurance cutter." Her skipper is
CAPT. Richard Brower, a 1954 graduate of the Coast Guard
Academy in NewLondon, Connecticut. This is his third com-
mand, which he assumed on J uly I, 1976.
The Boutwell measures 378 feet, has a beam of 42 feet, and
a normal draft of 14-feet-five.
She carries a crew of 15 officers and 137 rnen. She ",'-':1S
named for George S. Boutwell, secretary of the Treasury
under President Ulysses S. Grant, and is the third cutter
to bear the name. The Boutwell was built in 1968 at a cost of
16million dollars in NewOrleans, La.
The Boutwell incorporates some unique and novel features,
allowing her to perform several Coast Guard missions. She is
driven by two Pratt and Whitney gas turbines similar to those
installed in large jet airplanes and, delivering 36,000 shaft
horsepower, the Boutwell can attain speeds in excess of 27
When driven by her two diesel engines, she can cruise for
11,000miles at 18knots. This dual capability enables her to
engage in law enforcement patrols for days on end or, in the
case of a search and rescue mission, to get quickly to the scene
of distress to render aid. The Boutwell's two 13-foot diameter
propellers are variably pitched, allowing them to reverse di-
rection without stopping the shafts to back the ship. A re-
tractable bowpropulsion unit provides thrust todirect the bow
in any direction, and gives the ship the capability of actually
moving sideways in the water. Also, because of her four-
blade variable pitch propellers, she is able to stop in half
her own length at speeds up to 14 knots, her own length at
speeds up to 18 knots, and at full speed, she can stop in a
length and a half.
The Boutwell has an aO-foot flight deck, capable of landing,
servicing, fueling and carrying the Coast Guard's jet-powered
helicopters. She also carries two 26-foot motor surf boats,
which are launched and retrieved by high speed hydraulic
Inaddition toher mission of safety of lifeat sea, the Boutwell
plays a primary role in the enforcement of U.S. laws and in-
ternational treaties concerned with the protection of fishing
rights and the interests of American firshermen. She spends
more than four months each year embarked on Alaska fisher-
ies patrol, cruising the North Pacific from the Gulf of Alaska
along the Aleutian chain to the Bering Sea, as far north as
St. Lawrence Island, within 180 miles of the Soviet Union.
In keeping with the Coast Guard's duties and functions as a
branch of the armed forces of the United States, the Boutwell's
extensive equipment and armament makes her "always ready"
to operate as a service in the U.S. Navy upon declaration of
war or when the President directs. For more than two months
each year the Boutwell is engaged in training and exercises
with the Navy in waters off southern California.
The Boutwell's design includes features for the comfort
and convenience of her crew. The air conditioning and heat-
ing system keeps the temperature inside comfortable despite
tropic sun or howling gale. The living compartments are
spacious and have lounges. The stainless steel galley is one of
the most modern and efficient afloat. A barber shop, complete
laundry, cold drink machine, recreational areas, eight color
TV's and three motion picture projectors enhance life aboard.
The Boutwell's first homeport was in Boston, Ma., Mr. Bout-
well's home state. She arrived at her present home port of
Seattle, Washington, in August of 1973, and berths at Pier 36
when not at sea.
Auxiliarists were met at the pier in Esquimalt by three
London-type double decker buses, and taken on a tour of Vic-
toria. After the tour, which ended at the Empress Hotel, mem-
bers were on their own until the next afternoon, when they
were again met by buses and transported to the Boutwell for
the trip back to Seattle. Auxi'liary members who made the
trip from this area were in addition to my husband and me,
Mr. and Mrs. Ed Ostrom, Mr. and Mrs. Ron Baker and Com-
modore Ralph Nicholas and his wife, Eve, all of Boise.
Captain Brower and his crew were most courteous and pa-
tient, and willingly answered what must have seemed to them
an endless number of questions. It isn't easy having 106guests
drop in for dinner, but our gracious hosts made us all feel
more than welcome.
Speaking for myself, and I'm sure all of the Auxiliarists who
were aboard, I would like to say to Captain Brower and his
finecrew- thanks again, and "well done."
Vera Bull
Division X[, SO-PR
VFC Flotilla 11-4
Nampa, Idaho
Captain Richard Brower of the Boutwell welcomes
Auxiliarists to the Bridge.
Officers salute the Boutwell from the decks of two
Canadian uessels as the ship, a guest in their waters,
proceeded into the harbor at Esquimalt, B.C. The
Boutwell rafted with these two ships and passengers
went ashore across their decks.
M A R C H , 1 9 77
PA GE 47
M i l S an s i n e n a Ex p l os i on
At 7:40 p.m. on the seventeenth of December, the
Liberian tanker M/T SANSINENA exploded in a ball
of flame that towered more than ten stories high. The
roar of the bl ast was heard as far as forty mil es away.
E l even p ersons are d ead or missing as a resul t of the
explosion, which happened within thebusy Los Angeles
H arbor, a major d eep -water p ort that contains ex tensive
oil tanker and storage facilities. The violence of the
blast torethe 810ft vessel into three sections. A twenty-
five ton p ortion of the amid ship s section was bl own
out of the water and hurl ed onto the ad jacent p ier.
The resulting fire illuminated the dark sky, burning
furiously throughout the night an'd well into the dawn.
Within minutes, al l of the many emergency services
of this modern port had been activated. And soon it
became apparent that practically all of the Coast
Guard units within the greater Los A ngel es area woul d
be engaged in such task s as searching for survivors,
fire fighting, preventing widespread oil pollution and
control l ing traffic within the p ort. The A ux il iary was
called upon to stand in for the units that were deployed
to the bl ast scene and to assume coastal 8A R resp onsi-
bil ities for the area.
I n l ess than two hours, p rimary and back -up C oast
Guard A ux il iary facil ities were manned and had re-
p orted "on station" in al l five of the harbors where
coverage was need ed . Desp ite the short notice, these
facilities remained on duty all weekend in a BRAVO
ZERO status and performed a number of assists.
A fewdays later, in aletter received fromLCDR J ohn
F. Ebersole, Director of Auxiliary, he stated in part .. _
"This p romp t resp onse and d evotion to d uty insured a
high level of SAR readiness despite the heavy demands
p l aced up on the C oast Guard 's resources by the ex -
p l osion, The d ed ication and resourceful ness d emon-
strated by the A ux il iary in this situation is a source of
continuing p rid e to the District C ommand er and this
office... ."
This incident took place in the Eleventh District.
It could have happened anywhere. But regardless of
where or und er what circumstances, the A ux il iary can
bedepended upon to helpwhere helpis needed. This is
but one more ex amp l e of cl ose coop eration between
the Coast Guard and the Coast Guard Auxiliary -
p artners in service.
J ohn J . Eppink

The Liberian oil tanker M/T SANSINENA as she ap-

peared the day after her spectacular explosion in Los
Angeles Harbor on 17 December 1976. The 810 ft.
vessel's charred bridge house can be seen on the pier
where it was hurled by the violence of the blast. (U.S.
Coast GuardPhotograph)
John J. Eppink
Le tte rs toth e Ed i tor...
Dear Mary Ruth:
The "Unknown Flag" appearing in the December
1976issue was an interesting article. I think every boat-
er needs to understand divers a little more.
But Mr. Szatynskyj's mention of a U.S. Coast Guard
regulation that prohibits aboater frompassing between
adiver's flag and the nearest shore is anew one on me.
I've searched Titles 33 and 46 of the Code of Federal
Regulations and I just can't seem to find such aregula-
tion. So I'm going to ask, "Where is it?"
Several states have enacted laws and/or regulations
concerning the diver's flag (South Carolina is not one
of them) but the only appropriate federal regulation I
could locate concerns negligent operation. The way I
understand it, a boater operating in the vicinity of
divers could be charged with negligent operation un-
der federal law but not with passing between a diver's
flag and the nearest shore.
Strangely enough, the diver's flag appears to have no
official meaning under federal regulations or under
state law in those states that have not enacted legisla-
tion concerning its use. In most areas it's aflag recogniz-
edand respected through custom, tradition and general
acceptance. It doesn't appear in the International Code
of Signals (HO-I02) so it obviously has no internation-
al significance.
There is, however, an official diver's flag recognized
by all nations represented in the Inter-Governmental
Maritime Consultative Organization. This is the flag
"A" fromthe international signal flag alphabet. Divers
working in harbors visited by foreign vessels may
want to keep this in mind. Foreign seamen can't be
expected to recognize our local diver's flag, but nearly
all foreign vessels carry copies of the International
Signal Book which describes exactly what flag "A"
Dudley Overton
Boating Safety &
Education Officer
South Carolina Wildlife
&Marine Resources Dept.
EDITOR'S NOTE: Thank you Dudley.
Dear Editor:
Boats at anchor must ring a bell when in fog. Sug-
gested rewritten as follows:
Little Boat Blue
Please Ring your bell
You're anchored off shore
And it's foggy as (Hell)-,
-this morning.
Warren E. Fairbanks
Flotilla 81 Dist. 7
Dear Miss Bird:
This letter is a CPT regarding excessive use of ABRs
in CG PCNs which, when found liberally scattered
throughout every AUX-PCN makes RDG and CPH
challenging, even for a former NA V-COM-OFCR,
schooled in codes and crypto.
Most PCNs, when so garbled, land in the "circular
file" due to lack of an adequate "key," or list of equi-
Why not include in each PCN a "key" to all ABRs
used, or. ... make it SOP to SP-O each designate the
first time it appears in an article, (if space is that criti-
cal). After all, wein the AUX like to be able to under-
stand what your PCN wishes to convey. I like the
Navigator (I think).
I've spoken of this to the "Boston Brass" that visits
our Division on occasions. Each seems to agree, yet at
no time have I detected any improvement. In the mean-
time, wastebaskets continue to fill with un-decyphered
material. Think about it.
Yours in safety,
CDR J ohn F. Brush, USNR
(CG-Aux. Div. 1-202)
Please: Try reading the above without the "KEY" -
It'll help convey the message expressed above. We'd
like to be able to "read you -loud and clear"
Dear Editor:
To comply with "Rules of the Road" believe the fol-
lowing change in your Poem would be a bit better.
Little Boat Blue
Please Tinkle your Bell
You're Anchored off shore
And it's Foggy as Hell.
Enjoy the Navigator very much.
Ray Sawrey
F-65 Dist. 11
Dear Ms. Bird,
Love those nursery rhymes, but have to wonder who
checked out the one on page 37 of Dec. '76 Navigator.
Maybe you might re-do that one:
Little Boat Blue
Please ring your bell,
You're anchored off shore
And it's foggy as hell!
Best for boating,
Mal Hardy
PFC Fl. 14-2
Alex. Va.
Dear Ms Bird:
It is with aGDH and SC that I OFC. Two years ago
IAFMin theCGAUXand becameBQ'ed and AUXOPed
seven months later. The N/NPUSCGA is a MP and is
RWGI. However the MOA render it HC to an initiate.
Of course, or perhaps I should say "maybe", after a
few more years I will be able to breeze through the
maze of acronyms (if my patience lasts) and under-
stand what I am reading.
It is readily admitted that I may be the only initiate
that isnot immediately familiar with all of the acronyms.
But then there is the possibility that there are others of
equally limited knowledge. For that, possibly few, I
think one of the following suggestions just might help
to amp l ify their enthusiasm.
Either publish a list of acronyms with their transla-
tions for distribution to all newmembers with a head-
ing in bold type "KEEP THIS. YOU ARE GOING TO
NEED IT", or standardize and adhere to the practice
now frequentl y used of transl ating an acronym, the
first time it is used, in every article published.
I believe that the latter suggestion is preferable.
It would make an extremely fine publication easier to
read and more effective.
The footnote on page 7 of the December issue could
well beedited to read:
GDH - Great deal of humility
OFC - Offer the following comments
AFM-Applied for membership
N/NPUSCGA - NavigatorlNational Publication
MP - Magnificent publication
HC-Horrendously confusing
E. A. Goff, J r.
(EDITOR'S NOTE:) Mr. Goff has a legitimate
gripe. CG 412on Page 25 has a list of abreviations
that could help.
Many BC (Branch Chiefs) and DVC (Division Chiefs)
are not easil y recognized if you d on't k now the k ey -
Department Chiefs are designated DCA (Administra-
tion), DC-E (Education), DCT (Member Training),
DC-P (Public Affairs), DC-O (Operations) and DC-S
All Division Chiefs (DVC) pick up their Departroent
abreviation for their first letter, ie. DVC-AP is the
and P stands for Publications. DVCAF is Division
Chiefin the Administration Dept. Finance. All Branch
Chiefs (BC) are designated by 3 letters, the first his
department, then his branch of that department plus a
letter designating his special interest; ie., BCOVC is
Branch Chief Operations Dep arbnent, Vessel E x amina-
tion Division, C ourtesy -E x amination Branch.
Does that help some, Mr. Goff?
MARCH, 197?
We use acronyms to save sp ace. I am one of those
who does not believe in using them at flotilla meetings.
There are too many p rosp ective members visiting who
woul d n't und erstand .
I f you ever see an ed itor who p l eases everybod y he
wil l be neither sitting or stand ing, and there wil l be a
lot of flowers around him.
"This month I would like to share with you a poem,
by an unk nown author, which recentl y came across
my d esk . I have mod ified it consid erabl y, to cover
A ux il iary activities. I think it contains a message
worthy of our serious consid eration."
Be an active member-
The kind that would be missed.
Don't bejust contented
That your name is on the l ist.
Attend flotilla meetings
And mingle with the crowd;
Don't just be a "stay-at-home"
Who crabs both long and loud.
Tak e time out to visit
A member who is sick .
Don't l eave the work to just a few,
Then grip e about "the cl ique."
We have a p rogram sched ul ed
That means success, if d one.
And, it can be accomplished
With the help of everyone.
So, attend flotilla meetings
And help with hand and heart.
Be an active member
A nd tak e an active p art.
Think this over, member.
A re we right, or are we wrong?
Be an active member,
And don't just "belong."
FC Harold E. Sturm
Last boat over is a Tory!
S an A n ton i o
Arranged beneath the transparent sky of the Texas
hill country is one of the most charming and fascinat-
ing blends of history and progress - San Antonio.
This is the spot chosen for our National Spring Con-
From the culture of the art galleries to the history of
the Alamo, the gaiety of the nightclubs to the delicious
tacos, San Antonio is deservedly called "One of Ameri-
ca's Four Unique Cities." That is the label American
humorist Will Rogers gave it. And San Antonio man-
ages to uphold that claim very well.
San Antonio's Southwest Texas location is within
150 miles of the Mexican border to the west and the
Gulf of Mexico to the south.
Perhaps the nucleus of San Antonio's unparalleled
charm is its river. And that's what San Antonians
most often call it - that horseshoe bend of the San
Antonio River that winds its way right through down-
town - and the hearts of everyone who strolls its
banks. Simply for its own sake, the river has been
developed into one of the most outstanding features
that any American city has going for it.
What was once used as a watering spot and disposal
carrier in the 18th century is today a mile-long river
meandering past lush greenery, swinging night spots,
restaurants hailing the finest in international dishes,
quaint boutiques and some of the friendliest human
beings you could ever hope to meet.
And not only are there year 'round fun things to doon
the river, there are special events, too - Fiesta San
Antonio with its King's River Parade and the very
entertaining Fiesta Noche del Rio during the summer
months. And on St. Patrick's Day, not only does the
beer run green, hut so does the river.
Sunny afternoons and mild evenings are ideal for a
leisurely ride aboard a colorful river taxi or self-pow-
ered paddle boat. At night, groups can dine aboard the
flatboats in candlelight elegance.
HemisFair Plaza, site of the 1968 world's fair, and the
imposing 750-foot tall Tower of the Americas, are near
the river. Fromthe revolving restaurant or observation
deck at the summit of the Tower, you can see the city as
it gradually fades into the Texas hills.
The handsome Convention Center, Arena and Thea-
tre for the Performing Arts, the Lone Star Hall of Texas
History and the Mexican-American Cultural Exchange
Institute are all found on the Plaza's beautifully land-
scaped grounds.
Also in the shadow of the Tower is the Institute of
Texan Cultures where the story of the Lone Star State
is recounted through the 26 different cultures which
have played a part.
Within walking distance of the river is LaVillita,
"The Little Village," which for over 200 years was a
settlement for Spanish, German, French, Polish and
American peoples.
The square block area, which has been left in its
original state, is a bevy of arts and crafts shops where
visitors and residents alike can learn tomake the crafts
and can also purchase any that are on display.
San Antonio's founding and history are deeply root-
ed in its missions. The most well-known of the five in
the city is Mission San Antonio deValero - the Alamo.
Nestled among downtown department stores, the Ala-
mo is a popular visitors' spot where the infamous
battle that ledto the liberation of Texas is remembered.
The modified sub-tropical climate of San Antonio
(the average annual temperature is 68.7) allows year
'round outdoor recreation and the city abounds in the
facilities to make this possible. Excellent private and
municipal golf courses are open all year, there are hun-
dreds of swimming pools and tennis courts, and over
60 parks and plazas to wile away leisurely hours.
Sports, food, music and dancing, art, theatre, history,
sunshine and a mild climate - and don't forget, that
Texas hospitality that can't bematched - it's all here in
San Antonio, "One of America's Four Unique Cities."
PASEG DEL RIG - The Downtown River Walk. A
long the banks of the meandering San Antonio River is
this picturesque shopping, dining and nightclub
spa. In the heart of "One of America's Four Unique
Cities" amid banana trees and passing sightseeing
river taxis, one can dine indoors or outdoors on continen-
tal cuisine such as Irish, Spanish, Italian, German and
Mexican, plus sizzling Texas steaks.
San Antonio Convention & Visitors Bureau
P.o. Box 2277 - San Antonio, Texas 78298
A PR I L 28 TH R U A PR I L 30
Robert G. Burleigh, DVC-AF
P. O. Box 910
Homestead, Florida 33030
I am encl osing my check for $ mad e p ayabl e to the C oast Guard A ux il iary National
Board, Inc. I understand I will pick upmy tickets at the Registration Desk upon my arrival at St. Anthony Hotel.
DONOTsend requests for tickets to DVC-AF after 15 April 1977.
(Frank ed or p enal ty ind icia mail ing not authorized )
R egistration
Luncheon Friday, 29 April
Luncheon Saturday, 30 April
Saturday Night Commodores Banquet &Dance 30 April
$10.00 EA.
$ 6.50 EA.
$ 6.50 EA.
$12.50 EA.
Name - =~- - ~~~- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(Pl ease Print)
Address _
__________________________________ State Zip__~ _
A ux il iary Office
Cut on this line
P. O. Box 241 1
300 E ast Travis
San A ntonio, Tex as 7829 8
Phone: (51 2)227-439 2
I plan to attend the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary National Spring Conference.
Please reserve room(s) (Single $24.00 + tax) (Double $30.00 + tax)
Number of p ersons in my p arty _
Send confirmation to address below: (circle one) YES NO
I plan to arrive on (date) (time) _
I will depart on
____________ (date) (time) _
I am encl osing a d ep osit of to guarantee a room for l ate arrival .
VA TI ON SH OULD BE A T TH E H OTE LBY 9 A PR I L 1 9 77. If you anticipate arriving after 1600 hours, a
one-night room d ep osit must accomp any this reservation to guarantee you a room. I
___________________ ----~--= --~----~~~------------------ Position _
(A l so I nd icate First Names of E ach)
Address _
Sharing with _
PLE A SE send this direct to the Hotel. Do not send elsewhere. Do not send by franked or penalty indicia mailing.
M A R C H , 1 9 77 PAGE 51
H istoric
San A ntonio
Historic San Antonio is the home of The Alamo,
theshrine of Texas Freedom, and also is an interesting
museum that is on your must list. Tour 18th century
Franciscan structures that have now been partially
or fully restored to their original states. They are the
San Antonio Missions: Concepcion, San J ose, San
Francisco deIaEspada, and San J uan Capistrano ... all
open to visitors.
This city, filled with the charm of Mexico, is typi-
fiedby "Paseo del Rio" or the Riverwalk located several
blocks fromthe St. Anthony in the heart of downtown.
It is a beautiful setting with lush tropical plants and
fountains. Lots of riverside restaurants offer outdoor
seating along the river banks. It's great for visiting
shops along the way charming restuarants, just stroll-
ing, or night lifefromDixieland torock. It also borders
La Villita, a completely restored early San Antonio
In caseyou're not sure what Texas is, the Institute of
Texas Culture can tell you. It traces the contributions
of26ethnic groups toTexas culture through exhibits of
crafts and artifacts and photo word displays of irnpor-
tant or typical Texans.
J o Herz, 8th District DCO's first mate, adds, "upon
your arrival in this warm Southwestern city we will
have aspecial list of restauran ts, bars, discos and other
fun things to help you fully enjoy your leisure time.
These will beavailable in the Ladies Hospitality Room.
Dropby for coffeeand conversation."
Many Auxiliarists have asked that we advise those
planning to attend the National Conference what
theweather will belikein San Antonio the last week of
Your Editor is advised by amember of her own Flotil-
la, Mary Kramer, who lives in Atlanta but whose heart
and roots arein San Antonio that the weather is balmy
this time of year with the possibility of rain in the pic-
ture. Sobring a light wrap and summer wear.
DOT 514