Shape of binomial probability

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Shape of binomial probability

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There are many reasons for the shapes of the binomial probability

distribution to vary with the different values of probability. Below are

the generalizations about how the shapes of the binomial probability

distribution vary with the different values of probability:

When p is small (0.1), the binomial distribution is skewed to the

right.

As p increases (to 0.3 for example), the skewness is less

noticeable.

When p=0.5, the binomial distribution is skewed to the left.

When p is larger than 0.5 the distribution is skewed to the left.

The probabilities for 0.3, for example are the same as those of 0.7

except the values of p and q are reserved. This is true for any pair

of complementary p and q values (0.3 and 0.7, 0.4 and 0.6 and 0.2

and 0.8).

Representing it graphically when n is constant,

When n=5, p=0.1

r Probability

0 0.5905

1 0.3280

2 0.0729

3 0.0081

4 0.0004

5 0.0000

0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0 1 2 3 4 5

when n=5, p=0.3

0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0 1 2 3 4 5

when n=5, p=0.3

When n=5,p=0.3

Q) How do you choose a correct probability distribution among

binomial, poission and normal distribution?

To choose binomial probability distribution the following

conditions must satisfy:

Each trial should have only two possible outcomes i.e. success or

failure, pass or fail, head or tail, etc. i.e. there are only two

mutually exclusive categories.

The probability of success remain same that is constant from trial

to trial consequently the probability of failure also remains fixed

for each trial.

The trails should be statistically independent.

The random experiment is performed for finite and fixed numbers

of times.

Similarly to choose poission probability distribution the following

conditions must satisfy:

The number of trails is infinitely large i.e. n

The probability of success of each trail is small i.e. p0

np =

r Probability

0 0.5905

1 0.3280

2 0.0729

3 0.0081

4 0.0004

5 0.0000

Similarly to choose normal probability distribution the following

conditions must satisfy:

The curve must have a single peak thus it is called unimodel.

The curve is bell shaped and symmetrical.

The mean of normally distributed population lies at the centre of

its normal curve.

The mean, median and mode of this distribution must coincide.

The two tails of the normal curve extends infinitely and must never

touch the horizontal axis.

Area under the normal curve is to be unity i.e. 1 and the mean

should divide it into two parts.

So, using the above condition we can choose the correct probability

distribution.

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