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PERFECT

SCORE
MODULE
Sekolah
Berasrama
Penuh
Kementerian
Pelajaran
Malaysia
2!
"

#$ME% &&&&&&&&&&''
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&'
SC(OOL&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
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PHYSIC
S
Beyond
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
A+
Page 2
TEACHERS
EDITION
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
MAKLUMAT MODUL
• Mo-ul ini men.an-un.i 2 /aha.ian% Section A -an Section B
• Section A 0 soalan aneka 1ilihan untuk men.uji 1en.uasaan konse1 1elajar men.ikut
to1ik'
• Section B 0 soalan konstruk ke2ahaman -an 1enyelesaian masalah kuantitati2 se/a.ai
1en.ukuhan -an 1en.ayaan konse1 yan. -ikenal1asti lemah /er-asarkan ujian
1en.uasaan konse1 -alam Section A
• Section B 0 kemahiran asas matematik 3 sains
Keper!"n B"#"n
!' Mo-ul )Physi4s Per2e4t S4ore Beyon- $5, 2!" 6men.uji 1en.uasaan konse1 -an
1emanta1an kemahiran7
2' Mo-ul )Physi4s Per2e4t S4ore 2!8, 61en.ayaan7
8' )Fli1 /oar-,3,9hite /oar-, ke4il3 3kertas mahjon.
"' )Marker 1en,
:' La/el kum1ulan (cadangan: mengikut topik seagai ‘e!pe"t g"oup#$
;' $lat ra-as 6jika 1erlu7
CARTA ALIR PELAKSANAAN PRO$RAM 6Minimum ! <am7
Page %
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014

SECTION CONTENT P"%e
A
Dia.nosti4 Test 0 $ns9er = $nalysis & ' (
B
1) For4e = Motion
*
Page &
1 +", -0 ,.n./
(pemili'an item adala'
mengikut kelema'an
pela(a" dan di(alankan
seagai p"a u(ian$
1& ,.n./
2 +", 1& ,.n./



Minimum 6 jam
(mengikut
kelemahan
pelajar)
Ujian Dia.nostik 6Se4tion $7
Semak <a9a1an
$nalisis Skor +n-i>i-u
Per/in4an.an soalan Dia.nostik
/ersama ?uru /er-asarkan to1ik yan. -ikenal1asti
lemah
Ber-asarkan Analisis Skor@ 1elajar men.enal1asti
tajuk yan. /elum -ikuasai
Pelajar -i/aha.ikan ke1a-a kum1ulan men.ikut to1ik
yan. /elum -ikuasai
PEM$#T$P$#
Per/in4an.an -i -alam kum1ulan soalan 1a-a
Se4tion B 6men.ikut to1ik 1alin. lemah yan.
-ikenal1asti melalui $nalisis Skor7
Sessi 1em/entan.an 3 Perkon.sian
konse13kemahiran
Pen%"y""n
Latihan men..unakan Mo-ul Per2e4t S4ore 2!8
men.ikut kemahiran
6men.ikut kesesuaian sekolah7
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
An01er 2or
En#"n3e,e
n/ 4!e0/.on
2) For4e an- Pressure 5
-) (eat 10
4) Li.ht 12
&) Aa>es 1&
6. Ele4tri4ity
1(
7. Ele4troma.netism
1*
8. Ele4troni4s
15
6) Ra-ioa4ti>ity 20
PHYSICS PER7ECT SCORE 2014 PANELS
#OR S$+D$( BT ($SS$# B Kolej Tunku Kurshiah 6TKC7
6 (ea- o2 Panels 7
($SL+#$ BT +SM$+L B SMS (ulu Selan.or 6SEM$S(UR7
<E##*T$ BT #OORB+ 0 SMS TU$#KU MU#$A+R 6S$SER7
SECTION A8
DIA$NOSTIC TEST 9ANS:ER AND ANALYSIS;
4!e0/.o
n
An01er
N!,<er o2 :ron%
Re0pon0e
Top.3 Re,"r=0
1) B For4e an- Motion
2) B
-) $
4) B
Page )
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)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
4!e0/.o
n
An01er
N!,<er o2 :ron%
Re0pon0e
Top.3 Re,"r=0
&) *
() B
*) D
F=P
5) D
6) C
10) C
11) $
12) C
1-) C
14) B
1&) D
1() C
He"/
1*) D
15) C
16) C
20) D
21) C
22) $
2-) B
24) B
2&) D
L.%#/
2() A
2*) C
25) C
26) B
-0) B
-1) C
-2) C
--) D
-4) C
-&) $
-() $
:">e0
-*) B
-5) B
-6) B
40) D
41) C
42) D
4-) $
Ee3/r.3./y
44) B
4&) $
4() D
4*) C
45) $
46) D
&0) C
&1) $
&2) C
&-) C
&4) B
&&) D
&() C
&*) $
Ee3/ro,"%ne/.0
,
&5) D
&6) B
(0) D
(1) C
(2) D
(-) B
(4) $
Ee3/ron.30
(&) B
(() D
(*) $
Page +
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
4!e0/.o
n
An01er
N!,<er o2 :ron%
Re0pon0e
Top.3 Re,"r=0
(5) C
R"d.o"3/.>./y (6) $
*0) C
SECTION B
1) 7or3e ? Mo/.on 4 ' 1-
No An01er0 P#y0.30 Con3ep/@Pr.n3.pe@L"1
!
Motion .ra1h
Page ,
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
No An01er0 P#y0.30 Con3ep/@Pr.n3.pe@L"1
$t t C s an- o/je4t is stationary at some
1osition an- remains stationary until t C
2s 9hen it /e.ins a44eleratin.' +t
a44elerates in a 1ositi>e -ire4tion 2or 2
se4on-s until t C "s an- then tra>els at a
4onstant >elo4ity 2or a 2urther 2 se4on-s.
2
a DE'2
o
/
4 "':" #
8
Constant s1ee-@ resultant 2or4e C
F B " B ; sin 2: C
F C 2D8':E #
2) 7or3e0 "nd Pre00!re
No An01er0 P#y0.30 Con3ep/@Pr.n3.pe@L"1
! 6a7 $ir 1ressure in the sti4ker -e4rease'
(a>e the -iFerent /et9een 1ressure in the 1um1
an-
$tmos1heri4 1ressure
DiFeren4e in 1ressure
Page -
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
No An01er0 P#y0.30 Con3ep/@Pr.n3.pe@L"1
the air 1ressure surroun-in.'
The 2or4e is 1ro-u4e
For4e G mirror 9ei.ht
6/7 mirror 9ei.htC HI.
C 2': J !
8
J !': J ': J '! J!
C !KE': #
2
!' S1innin. /all mo>in. in the o11osite -ire4tion
9ith air Lo9
at the u11er sur2a4e !
2' S1innin. /all mo>in. in the same -ire4tion 9ith
air Lo9 at
the lo9er sur2a4e !
8' Lo9er sur2a4e s1ins more 2aster than the u11er
sur2a4e o2
the /all !
Bernoulli,s 1rin4i1le
8
6a7 !' Column o2 mer4ury in Dia.ram 6/7 is lo9er
2' $t hi.her altitu-e@ num/er o2 air mole4ules
are smaller
8' Pressure eJerte- /y the air mole4ules is
smaller
6/7 !' Mer4ury 4olumn /e4ome lo9er
2' ?as 1ressure insi-e the tu/e 1ush the
mer4ury
$tmos1heri4 1ressure
Sim1le mer4ury /arometre
"
6a7 !' Ru//er tu/e is Mlle- 9ith 9ater
2' Pla4e the en- tu/e N lo9er than P
8' Pressure at P /i..er than N
"' Aater Lo9s 2rom N /e4ause there is
-iFeren4e in
1ressure
6/7 N is at same le>el 9ith P
Or N hi.her than P
DiFeren4e in 1ressure
$tmos1heri4 1ressure
:
6a7!' Measure the mass o2 the ne4kla4e
2' Measure the >olume o2 the ne4kla4eO
8' Pla4e the ne4kla4e in the 9ater' Iolume o2
9ater
-is1la4e- is measure- /y measurin. 4ylin-erO
"' >olume o2 ne4kla4e C >olume o2 9ater
-is1la4e-
:' Density o2 the ne4kla4e C mass3>olume
6/7!' -ensity C
V
m
C
cm3 20
g 265
C !8'2: . 4m
B8
2' Per4enta.e C
3 . 27
25 . 13
J !P C "K':P
8' The ne4kla4e -iamon- is not .enuine
$r4hime-es, 1rin4i1le
-ensity
;
!' The /est time is early mornin.
2' The 4ool air is -enser
8' More air mole4ules 4an /e -is1la4e-
"' Pro-u4e- more /uoyant 2or4e
The /alloon 4an rise hi.her
Buoyant 2or4e
-ensity
E !' Ahen 2or4e is eJerte- on Piston $@ 1ressure is
1ro-u4e-
6PCF3$7
2' Pressure 9ill /e transmitte- uni2ormly an-
eQually in all
1arts o2 the en4lose- oil
8' +t o/eys Pas4al La9
"' The same 1ressure eJerte- on /i..er area@
Piston B 9ill
1ro-u4e /i..er 2or4e 6FCP J $7
Pas4al 1rin4i1le
For4e multiM4ation
F!3$! C F23$2
Page .
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
No An01er0 P#y0.30 Con3ep/@Pr.n3.pe@L"1
6/7
FB C 6 F$ $B7 ÷ 6$$7
C 6: × !:7 ÷ 627
C 8E: #
$$ × D$ C $B× DB
2 × 2! C !: × DB
DB C 2K 4m
K
!' Ahen the 4at4h is still in the 9ater@ the
/uoyant 2or4e is
/i..er
2' Ahen the 4at4h is .ettin. out 2rom the 9ater@
the >olume
o2 o/je4t immerse is smaller
8' The >olume o2 9ater -is1la4e- also smaller@
thus the
9ei.ht o2 9ater -is1la4e- is .ettin. smaller
"' The /uoyant 2or4e is eQual to the 9ei.ht o2
9ater
-is1la4e-
:' The /uoyant 2or4e is smaller an- the 4at4h
2eels hea>ier
Relationshi1 /et9een Bouyant
2or4e an- -e1th o2 o/je4t
immerse-
D
!' ?as Lo9s out throu.h the jet 9ith hi.h >elo4ity
2' $44or-in. to Bernoulli,s Prin4i1le@ hi.h >elo4ity
9ill
1ro-u4e lo9 1ressure at the noRRles o2 the jet
8' (i.her atmos1heri4 1ressure 1ushes the air
insi-e the
4ylin-er trou.h the oriM4e
"' The air 9ill miJ 9ith the .as an- 4om1lete
4om/ustion 9ill
o44ur
Bernoulli,s 1rin4i1le
-) He"/ 14 ' 24
Page /0
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
No ANS:ER Con3ep/@Pr.n3.pe
!
!' Ahentem1eraturein4reases@ thea>era.ekineti4ener.yin4reases
2' Rateo24ollision/et9eenthe air
mole4ulesan-9allo2thetirealsoin4reases'
8' Rateo24han.eo2 momentum in4reases
"' For4eeJerte- 1er unit areain4rease@ sothe air 1ressurein4reases'
PressureLa9
2
6a7 P.as C E: 5 2: C ! 4m (.
6/7 6i7 Ahenthe .as is4oole--o9n@ thekineti4ener.yo2
the .as -e4reases@ re-u4in.therateo24ollision/et9eenthe
.as mole4ulesan-the4ontainer@
there2ore1ressurere-u4e-'
6ii7 T! C !2E 5 2E8 C 8 K P! C ! 4m (. P2 C E:
4m (.
T
O
C 8 J E: C E: K
!
6iii7 PressureLa9
PressureLa9
P! C P2
T! T2
8
8!'2:
o
C
"
$tlo9e r lan@ the-ensityo2 air ishi.her'
(en4eitismore-iS4ultto>a1oriRe
S1e4iM4(eatCa1a4ity
:
6i7 !TC
6ii7 mCHI C 6!7 6!7
C !.
6iii7 '2 J 8ED 6 !BT7 C '! J "2 J 6TB2K7
T C 8DT C
m! C! U ! C m2 C2 U 2
;
N C m4θ
E
6a7
6i7
B Therateo2heattrans2er/et9eent9o/o-iesare
thesame
B Thetem1eratureo2thet9o/o-iesarethesame
6ii7 "TC
6iii7 Pre>entheatlosstosurroun-in.
6/7
6i7
(eatsu11lie-/yhot metal C heatre4ei>e-/y9ater
m! C! U ! C m2 C2 U 2
'" JC! J 6!B"7 C '2 J "2J 6" 0 2K7
'" J C! J ;C '2 J "2J !2
C! C "2 < k.
B!
TC
B!
6ii7 (eatrelease-/y9aterisa/sor//ythe metal 33
no heatlosstosurroun-in.
m! C! U ! C m2 C2 U 2
K
$ Boyle,sLa9
D
6a7 6i7 The-e.reeo2hotnesso2 an o/je4t
6i7 ! J !
8
6!' J ;7 C ': 4 6EK 0 27
2';D J !
:
<k.
B!o
C
B!
6/7 ': 62';D J !
:
76EK 0 U7 C 2' 6" 27 6U 0 2K7
::';
o
C
m! C! U ! C m2 C2 U 2
Page //
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
No ANS:ER Con3ep/@Pr.n3.pe
!
Theheatistrans2erre-2romhot9atertothe-ente-1in. 1on. /all'
The air tem1erature in the-ente-1in. 1on. /allin4rease-'
The air 1ressureo2-ente-1in. 1on. in4rease-'
The air 1ressure1ushe-the9allo2the/all/a4ktoitsori.inal
1osition'
4) L.%#/
Page /2
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
#um
'
$ns9er Con4e1t
!'
!' Li.ht rays an- reLe4tion
2' EJtra1olate an- -ra9 the ima.e
8' +n4i-ent an.le C reLe4te- an.leO O/je4t -istan4e C ima.e
-istan4e
"' Chara4teristi4s o2 ima.e% Iirtual@ in>erte-@ same siRe
The la9 o2 reLe4tion
Plane mirror
2'
!' Brin. ea4h mirror one /y one 4lose to an o/je4t an- o/ser>e
the ima.e 2orme- in it'
2' +2 the ima.e is o2 the same siRe as that o2 the o/je4t an-
u1ri.ht@ the mirror is a 1lane mirror'
8' +2 the ima.e is hi.hly -iminishe- an- u1ri.ht@ it is a 4on>eJ
mirror
"' +2 the ima.e is lar.e an- u1ri.ht@ it is a 4on4a>e mirror'
4hara4teristi4s o2 an
ima.e in a 4on>eJ
mirror
8'
!' $ 4on>eJ mirror al9ays 2orms an u1ri.ht ima.e o2 an o/je4t
2' +t also 2orms a -iminishe- ima.e
8' $s a result ima.es o2 lar.e num/er o2 o/je4ts 4an /e seen in
the mirror at the same time
4. The mirror 4an /e tilte- 33 use 1hotosensors mounte- in the
mirror to -ete4t li.ht an- -im the mirror
4hara4teristi4s o2 an
ima.e in a 4on>eJ
mirror
"'
Use n C !3sin J to .et n (c"itical angle e1uation$
Use n C sin i 3 sin r to .et y
y C 2E'"
o
Re2ra4ti>e in-eJ
Criti4al an.le
Page /%
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
#um
'
$ns9er Con4e1t
:'
• The layers o2 air nearer the roa- 9armer
• The -ensity o2 air -e4rease nearer to the roa- sur2a4e'
• The li.ht tra>el 2rom -enser to less -ense area'
• The li.ht re2ra4t a9ay 2rom the normal
• Ahen the an.le o2 in4i-en4e eJ4ee- the 4riti4al an.le@ total
internal reLe4tion o44urs
• To the o/ser>er@ li.ht is a11earin. to 4ome in a strai.ht line
4reatin. the 2orm o2 ima.e on the roa-'
The La9s O2 Re2ra4tion
;'
Situation B
• Li.ht tra>els in strai.ht line'
• +n $@ 9hen the 4u1 is em1ty@ the e-.e o2 the 4u1 sto1s
o/ser>er seein. the 4oin'
• Ahen the 9ater is 1oure- into the 4u1@ the li.ht tra>els 2rom
o1ti4al -enser me-ium 69ater7 to less -ense me-ium 6air7'
(diag"am$
• The li.ht re2ra4te- a9ay an- it /en-s o>er the e-.e so the
o/ser>er 4an see the 4oin' (diag"am$
Real De1th $n-
$11arent De1th
E'
• Ahen a 4oin is 1la4e- un-er an em1ty /eaker@ the li.ht tra>els
2rom the air  .lass  air the 9all o2 the /eaker  air@
/e2ore it enters the o/ser>er,s eye'
• There2ore@ makin. it 1ossi/le 2or the o/ser>er to see the 4oin'
("a2 diag"am$
• Ahen the 9ater is 1oure- in the /eaker@ the li.ht tra>els 2rom
the air  .lass  9ater the 9all o2 the /eaker an- throu.h
the air to the eye'
• The in-eJ o2 re2ra4tion is too .reat O the li.ht re2ra4te- an-
/en-s an- 4han.e in an.le@ so the o/ser>er 4annot /e a/le to
see the 4oin' ("a2 diag"am$
K'
The instru4tor + a11ear to /e at hi.her 1osition -ue to re2ra4tion
Li.ht re2ra4ts to9ar-s normal as it tra>els 2rom less -ens me-ium
6air7 to 9ater 6-enser me-ium7
Li.ht a11ears to tra>el in strai.ht line to the s4u/a -i>er
$rro9% 2rom instru4tor to the o/ser>er
Page /&
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
#um
'
$ns9er Con4e1t
D'
• +n4rease the an.le o2 in4i-en4e@ i@ then an.le o2 re2ra4tion@ r
9ill also in4rease
• Kee1 on in4reasin. the an.le o2 in4i-en4e until an.le o2
re2ra4tion is DT
• The an.le o2 in4i-en4e is 4alle- 4riti4al an.le
• +n4rease the an.le o2 in4i-en4e more than the 4riti4al an.le
• The ray 9ill /e reLe4te-'
Criti4al $n.le an- total
internal reLe4tion
!'
!' The 4on>eJ lens is aime-32o4use- to a -istant o/je4t 6inMnity7
2' The s4reen is a-juste- until a shar1 ima.e is 2orme- on the
s4reen
8'The -istan4e /et9een the s4reen an- the lens is measure-l
"'Fo4al len.th C -istan4e /et9een the s4reen an- the lens
Fo4al Point $n- Fo4al
Len.th O2 $ Lens
!!'
Real@ in>erte-@ -iminishe-
> C !: 4m
m C >3u m C ':
Relationshi1 Bet9een
u@ > an- 2
Lens eQuation
!2'
By usin. a 4on>eJ lens@ 2 C 2 4m
6ray -ia.ram7
The Use O2 Lenses +n
O1ti4al De>i4es
!8'
O/je4ti>e lens% * Eye1ie4e lens% V
The Use O2 Lenses +n
O1ti4al De>i4es
Page /)
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
#um
'
$ns9er Con4e1t
The -ia.ram sho9s the mi4ros4o1e in normal a-justment@ that is@
9ith the Mnal ima.e at the near 1oint 62: 4m 2rom the eye7
6-istan4e D 2rom the eye lens7' (T'is setting gi3es t'e ma!imum
angula" si4e o5 image wit'out e2e st"ain6$
&) :">e0
#um
'
$ns9er Con4e1t
! 2 4m s
B!
2
Ahen the sin.er sin.s@ she 1ro-u4es a hi.h 2reQuen4y soun-
The 2reQuen4y o2 the .lass eQual 9ith the 2reQuen4y o2 the sin.er,s
soun-
Both systems are in resonan4e
So the .lass 9ill os4illates at its maJimum a1litu-e an- it /reaks'
8 !E m
S = vt
2
"
Ahen the 1ron.s o2 the tunin. 2ork mo>e out9ar-@ it 1ro-u4e a
re.ion o2 4om1ression
Ahen the 1ron.s o2 the tunin. 2ork mo>e in9ar-@ it 1ro-u4e a
Re.ion o2 rare2a4tion
Can-le Lame in 2ront o2 a lou- s1eaker that emits soun- 9a>e
Can-le Lame >i/rates 2or9ar- an- /a4k9ar-
Page /+
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
#um
'
$ns9er Con4e1t
:
6a7 Trans>erse 3 Plane 9a>es
6/7 Sho9 the 1ath is not /en-e- 9hen enter the shallo9 area an-
is /en-e- a9ay 2rom the normal line 9hen enter the -ee1
area
Sho9 the 9a>elen.th is -e4rease- in shallo9 area $n- is eQual in
-ee1 area
647 C
λ C "': m 6ans9er 9ith 4orre4t unit7
() Ee3/r.3
um $ns9er Con4e1t
! 6i7 I2 C " I
6ii7 + C
5
4
C 'K $
6ii7 R C
8 . 0
2
C 2': Ω
I C +R
2
6a7 Total resistan4e in the 4ir4uit
6/7 +2 one /ul/ is /lo9n the other still 4an /e use-
Lo9er the total resistan4e
Maintain the 1otential -iFeren4e same as the su11ly throu.h
The househol- a11lian4es
647 6i7 Control the s1ee- o2 the 2an
6ii7 !3r C !32 5 !3625!7 W !3r C !32 5 !38 W !3r C :3;
W
Page /,
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
r C ;3:
r C !'2 X
!3r C !32 5 !32 W !3r C 232 W !3r C !3!
r C ! X
8
6a7 #ote % The Lame Latten an- s1rea- out more to9ar- ne.ati>e
1late
6/7 The heat o2 /urnin. 4an-le 1ro-u4es 1ositi>e an- ne.ati>e
ions'
2 The 1ositi>e ions 9hi4h are hea>ier is 1ulle- to9ar-s
ne.ati>e 1late 9ith a lar.e 1ro1ortion Lame
*) Ee3/ro,"%ne/
#o $ns9ers
Physi4s
Con4e1t3Prin4i1le3La9
!' $ -e>i4e that trans2ers ele4tri4al ener.y into soun-
• The 9ire 2rom the am1liMer 4arries an alternatin. 4urrent
• The intera4tion /et9een ma.neti4 Mel- o2 the 4urrent 4arryin.
4on-u4tor an- the 1ermanent ma.net 1ro-u4es 2or4e
• The 4oil 9hi4h 4an sli-e /a4k9ar-s an- 2or9ar-s o>er the 4entral
1ole o2 a 4ir4ular 1ermanent ma.net makes the 4oil 6an-
the 1a1er4one7 mo>e /a4k9ar-s an- 2or9ar-s
• at the same 2reQuen4y as the 4han.in. 4urrent'
• The 1a1er 4one then mo>es
the air /a4k9ar-s an- 2or9ar-s 9hi4h 4reates the soun-
2' • Ahen the s9it4h is on@ the 4urrent Lo9s throu.h the 4o11er 9ire
• The intera4tion /et9een ma.neti4 Mel- o2 the 4urrent 4arryin.
4on-u4tor an- the 1ermanent ma.net 1ro-u4es 2or4e
• The 4ata1ult Mel- is 1ro-u4e- 6-ia.ram7
• the ma.neti4 lines o2 2or4e are 4lose to.ether near the 9ire on
the le2t so 2or4in. it to the ri.ht'
Page /-
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)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
8'
• The -ia1hra.m is atta4he- to the 4oil'
• Ahen the -ia1hra.m >i/rates in res1onse to in4omin. soun-
9a>es@
• the 4oil mo>es /a4k9ar-s an- 2or9ar-s 1ast the ma.net'
• This 4reates an in-u4e- 4urrent in the 4oil 9hi4h is 4hannele-
2rom the mi4ro1hone alon. 9ires
"' 6a7 !' Ma.net 1ushe- insi-e@ ma.neti4 LuJ is 4ut /y the 9ire
2' $44or-in. to Fara-ay,s La9O YY
8' em2 is in-u4e- in the solenoi-
"' so@ the 4urrent is in-u4e-
6/7 !' The /i..er num/er o2 turns@ the /i..er ma.neti4 LuJ is 4ut /y
the 9ire
2' $44or-in. to Fara-ay,s La9O YY
8' The /i..er em2 is in-u4e- in the solenoi-
"' so@ the /i..er 4urrent is in-u4e-
647 !' The /i..er s1ee-@ the rate o2 4uttin. o2 ma.neti4 Mel- is
/i..er
2' $44or-in. to Fara-ay,s La9O YY
8' /i..er em2 is in-u4e- in the solenoi-
"' so@ the /i..er 4urrent is in-u4e-@ 1ointer o2 the .al>anometer
9ill -eLe4te- more
6-7 !' Ahen the # 1ole is 1ushe- into the solenoi-@ 4uttin. o2
ma.neti4 Mel- o44ur
2' The 4urrent in-u4e- 1ro-u4es north 1ole on the le2t si-e@
8' so as to o11ose the on4omin. ma.net@ o/eyin. the LenR,s
La9
"' + 9ill Lo9s in anti 4lo4k 9ise -ire4tion
+n-u4e- em2
+n-u4e- 4urrent
Fara-ay,s La9
Fa4tors aFe4te- in-u4e-
em2
LenR,s la9
:' !' rotate the 4oil in 4lo4k 9ise -ire4tion
2' the 4oil 4ut a4ross the ma.neti4 Mel-
8' 4urrent is in-u4e- in the 4oil
"' the 4ommutator 4han.e the -ire4tion in the 4oil so that the
-ire4tion o2 4urrent in eJternal 4ir4uit + al9ays the same'
.enerators
5) Ee3/ron.3 6) 46 A (1
#o $ns9ers Physi4s Con4e1t3Prin4i1le3La9
! 6a7
!' Ahen someone s1eaks at the mi4ro1hone@ the
4urrent
1ro-u4e- Lo9s to the 4ir4uit
2' The 4a1a4itor is use- to a>oi- -ire4t 4urrent
2rom /attery
to Lo9 throu.h the mi4ro1hone
8' The 4urrent 9ill .i>e 4han.es to the ma.nitu-e
o2 /aseB
4urrent33 +B /e4ome /i..er
"' Ahen +B 4han.es +C also 4han.es33 +B /i..er@ +C
also
/i..er
The s1eaker 9ill 1ro-u4e /i..er
au-io3am1liMe-
+E C +B 5 +C O +C GG +B
Transistor as an am1liMer
Page /.
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
#o $ns9ers Physi4s Con4e1t3Prin4i1le3La9
6/7
IRy C ! I
!' IV* C : I
2@ R! J ; C :
R! 5 !

8@ R! C : X
2 6a7 ! @ $#D
6/7
647


Lo.i4 .ates
Truth ta/le
8
!' Conne4t the -ry 4ell terminal to the *Bin1ut o2
CRO'
2' The *B.ain is set to a >alue so that the -ire4t
4urrent 9a>e
2orm -is1laye- on the s4reen CRO'
8' Determine the -istan4e 3 1art o2 yBaJis'
"' Potential -iFerent C
6 *B.ain s4ale7 J 6Ierti4al -istan4e o2 -ire4t
4urrent 9a>e7
CRO
" !' Ahen there is a Mre /urnin.@ R at T C 8': kX

Potential -iFeren4e a4ross P C 8: J ;
C 2'2 I
68: 5
;7
2 Potential -iFeren4e a4ross N C ; J ;
C 8'K I or 6;B2'27 C 8'K I 68: 5
;7
8' Potential -iFeren4e a4ross N eJ4ee- 3 .reater
than
8'2 I@ so the transistor is 2un4tione-
"' The solenoi- /e4ome ma.netise-@ ? 9ill s9i4th
on
an- the /ell 9ill rin.s
Potential -i>i-er
Transistor as s9it4hin. 4ir4uit
:
6a7
Relationshi1 R an- I
EFe4t to IBEO eFe4t to out1ut
Page 20
Q Q
R
Q
P
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
#o $ns9ers Physi4s Con4e1t3Prin4i1le3La9
6/7 Durin. hot 9eather
!' resistan4e at termistor -e4rease @
1otential -iFeren4e a4ross thermistor 9ill
-e4rease
2' Potential -iFeren4e a4ross R 9ill in4rease
8' This 9ill 1ro-u4e /i..er /ase 04urrent @ an- 9ill
in4rease
the 4olle4tor 4urrent
"' Ele4tri4 relay 9ill s9it4h on the air 4on-itioner'
647 Durin. 4ol- 9eather @ resistan4e at thermistor
in4rease'
!' Potential -iFeren4e a4ross thermistor 9ill
in4rease'
2' Potential -iFeren4e a4ross R 9ill -e4rease'
8' This 9ill 1ro-u4e smaller /aseB4urrent an- no
4urrent
Lo9 in 4olle4tor 4ir4uit'
"' Ele4tri4 relay 9ill s9ith oF the air 4on-itioner'
;
6a7 E': I
6/7
( )
Rt
Rt
+
=
600
9
5 . 1 OR
A I
b
0125 . 0
600
5 . 7
= =
Ω =120 Rt
Ω = = 120
0125 . 0
5 . 1
Rt
647
3 3
10 5 . 12 10 100
− −
× − × = Ic
C
A
3
10 5 . 87

×
IBE
Potential -i>i-er
+E C +B 5 +C
10) R"d.o"3/.>./y
#o $ns9ers
Physi4s
Con4e1t3Prin4i1le3La9
! !' Small amount o2 ra-ioisoto1e is 1ut in the 9ater reser>oir
2' The su/stan4e must /e in liQui- state so it is easy to Lo9 in
the 9ater
8' The su/stan4e shoul- emit Z 1arti4les 6the ra-iation 4an
/e -ete4te- a/o>e the .roun- 7
"' $ ?ei.erBMuller 4ounter is mo>e- o>er the 1i1e
a44or-in. to the layout 1lan'
:' $t a 1oint 9here the ?ei.erBMuller 4ounter -ete4te-
hi.h ra-iation le>el@ in-i4atin. the 1oint o2
leaka.e'
Ra-ioa4ti>e -ete4tor
Chara4teristi4 o2
ra-iation
2
!' Car/onB!" atom is a ra-ioa4ti>e su/stan4e 9hi4h is
easily a/sor/e- /y li>in. 1lants'
2' $2ter the 1lants -ies@ the a4ti>ity o2 Car/onB!" 9ill
$11li4ation o2
ra-ioisoto1es
Page 2/
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
#o $ns9ers
Physi4s
Con4e1t3Prin4i1le3La9
-e4line sin4e no ne9 4ar/onB!" is a/sor/e-'
64ar/onB!" 9ill -e4ay to nitro.enB!"7
8' The -iFeren4e /et9een the 4on4entration o2 4ar/on0!"
in the material to /e -ate- an- the
"' Con4entration in the atmos1here 1ro>i-es .i>es the rate
o2 4ar/onB!" -e4ay
:' By 4al4ulatin. the a4ti>ity o2 4ar/onB!"@ the a.e o2 the
-ea- 1lant32ossil 4an /e -etermine-
6hal2Bli2e o2 4ar/onB!" is :@E8 years7
Car/on -atin.
8
6a7 Ener.y release- E C m4
2
C 8': J !
BD
J 6 8 J !
K
7
2
C 8'!: J !
E
<
6/7 Po9er o/taine- P C E3t
C 8'!: J !
E
!': J !
B8
C 2'! J !
!
A
#u4lear ener.y
E m4
2
" 6a7
!' #eutron /om/ar-e- a uranium nu4leus 33Dia.ram
2' Three neutrons 1ro-u4e- 33 Dia.ram
8' The ne9 neutron /om/ar-e- a ne9 uranium nu4leus 33
Dia.ram
"' For e>ery rea4tion@ the neutrons 1ro-u4e- 9ill .enerate a
4hain rea4tion 33 Dia.ram
6/7 E C m4
2
2'D J !
B!!
C m J 68' J !
K
7
2
m C 8'22 J !
B2K
k.
Chain rea4tion
: 6a7
!B Sho9 the line in the .ra1h
2B T!32 C " -ays
6/7
(al2 li2e
Page 22
‘TOGETHER we must succeed, TOGETHER we will succeed‘
)P(*S+CS PERFECT SCORE, SEKOL$( BER$SR$M$ PE#U(
2014
#o $ns9ers
Physi4s
Con4e1t3Prin4i1le3La9
!' Sha1e o2 .ra1h
2' One 1oint is 4orre4t
8' T9o or more 1oint
;
!' Put the ra-ioa4ti>e sour4e o11osite the -ete4tor
2' Dete4tor is 4onne4te- to the thi4kness in-i4ator
8' Dete4tor -ete4t the rea-in. o2 the 4han.es in 4ounts
"' +2 the rea-in. o2 the -ete4tor is less than the s1e4iMe- >alue@ the
thi4kness o2 the aluminium 2oil is too thi4k3 >i4e >ersa
$11li4ation o2
ra-ioa4ti>e
Page 2%