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2




JABATAN PENDIDIKAN KELANTAN

Nama : .
4531/2
FIZIK Tingkatan : .
Kertas 2
2 jam


FIZIK SET 2
KERTAS 2
Masa : 2 Jam 30 minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU


1. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.

2. Soalan dalam bahasa inggeris mendahului
soalan sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu

3. Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan
atau sebahagian soalan sama ada dalam bahasa
Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu.

4 Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat
di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini













Kertas Ujian ini mengandungi 37 muka surat bercetak .../LIHAT SEBELAH

Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa

Bahagian

Soalan
Markah
Penuh
Markah
Diperolehi



A
1 4
2 5
3 6
4 7
5 8
6 8
7 10
8 12

B
9 20
10 20

C
11 20
12 20
Jumlah




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The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.
Maklumat berikut mungkin berfaedah. Simbol-simbol mempunyai makna yang biasa.


1. a = v u 16. Power, P = energy
t time

2. v
2
= u
2
+ 2 as 17. V = IR

3. s = ut + 1 at
2
18. Power, P = IV
2 Kuasa

4. Momentum = mv 19. N
s
= V
s
N
p
V
p


5. F = ma 20. Efficiency = I
s
V
s
x 100 %
(kecekapan) I
p
V
p


6. Kinetic energy = 1 mv
2


Tenaga kinetik 2 21. 1 = 1 + 1
f u v

7. Gravitational potential energy = mgh 22. n = sin i
Tenaga keupayaan graviti sin r

8. Elastic potential energy = 1 Fx 23. n = Real depth
Tenaga keupayaan kenyal 2 Apparent depth

9. = m 24. = ax
V D

10. Pressure, P = hg. 25. Q= It
Tekanan

11. Pressure, P = F 26. E = I (R + r)
Tekanan A
27. eV = mv
2

12. Heat, Q = mc
Haba 28. g = 10 ms
-2

13. PV = Constant (pemalar)

14. E = m c
2

15. v = f

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SECTION A
BAHAGIAN A

[60 marks]
[60 markah]

Answer all questions in this section.
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

1. Diagram 1.1 shows a micrometer screw gauge.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan sebuah tolok skru mikrometer.

Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1
(a) Name the part labeled X.
Namakan bahagian berlabel X.
..........
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b) State the function of X.
Nyatakan fungsi X.
..............
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
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(c) Diagram 1.2 shows the reading of the micrometer screw gauge when the
jaws is closed.
Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan bacaan pada tolok skru mikrometer bila rahang
ditutup.






Diagram 1.2
Rajah 1.2
Based on Diagram 1.1 and 1.2 :
Berdasarkan Rajah 1.1 dan 1.2 :

(i) Name the type of error occur.
Namakan jenis ralat yang terjadi.
...........................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) State the value of actual reading of the micrometer screw gauge.
Nyatakan nilai bacaan sebenar pada tolok skru micrometer.
...........................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

0 2
30
25
35
5
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2. Diagram 2.1 shows a plumber is detecting the leaking of water pipe under the
ground. A little radioisotope Sodium-24 is dissolved in the water that flows in
metal pipe.
Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan pekerja paip sedang mengesan kebocoran paip air di
bawah tanah. Sedikit radioisotop Natrium-24 dilarutkan ke dalam air yang
mengalir dalam paip logam.














Diagram 2.1
Rajah 2.1
(a) What is the meaning of radioisotope ?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan radioisotop ?
.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b) Sodium-24 emits the radiation that can penetrates the ground but cannot
penetrates the metal pipe .
Natrium-24 memancarkan pancaran yang boleh menembusi tanah tetapi
tidak boleh menembusi paip logam.
Radioactive emission
Pancaran radioaktif
Radioactive emission
Pancaran radioaktif
Metal pipe
Paip logam
Leakage pipe
Paip bocor
Water
air
Ground
Tanah
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(i) Name the radiation emitted by the sodium-24.
Namakan pancaran yang dikeluarkan oleh natrium-24

............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) Suggest a detector that can be used to detect the radioactive
emission in b(i).
Cadangkan alat pengesan yang boleh mengesan pancaran
radioaktif dalam b(i).
............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(iii) State how a radioactive emission detector can show the correct
area where the pipe leaks.
Nyatakan bagaimana pengesan pancaran radioaktif itu boleh
menunjukkan tempat yang betul berlaku kebocoran.

............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(c) State one other characteristic of Sodium-24 which is suitable to be used as
a tracer in water.
Nyatakan satu ciri lain bagi Natrium-24 yang menyebabkan ia sesuai
untuk digunakan sebagai bahan surihan dalam air.

....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
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3. Diagram 3.1 shows p-type and n-type semiconductor combined together.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan semikonduktor jenis-p dan semikonduktor jenis-n di
camtumkan bersama.

Diagram 3.1
Rajah 3.1

(a) Name the electronic device in Diagram 3.1.
Namakan peranti elektronik dalam Rajah 3.1
.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b) (i) Using the device in Diagram 3.1, a dry cell and a bulb, draw an
electric circuit to show that the bulb will lights up.
Menggunakan peranti dalam Rajah 3.1, satu sel kering dan sebiji
mentol, lukiskan satu litar elektrik untuk menunjukkan mentol itu
akan menyala.



[2 mark]
[ 2 markah]



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(ii) Name the arrangement of the device in the circuit as in (b) (i)
Namakan susunan peranti itu dalam litar yang ditunjukkan dalam
(b) (i).
............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(c) (i) What will happen to the bulb when the dry cell replaced by an
a.c source?
Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada mentol bila sel kering
digantikan dengan sumber a.u?
.................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) Give one reason for your answer in (c) (i)
Berikan satu sebab bagi jawapan anda di (c) (i).
................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
4. Diagram 4 shows a stroboscopic photo of a boy of mass 50 kg cycling from
t = 0 s to 20 s. The velocity of the boy can be determined from Diagram 4.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu gambarfoto stroboskop bagi seorang budak lelaki
berjisim 50 kg berbasikal dari t = 0 s sehingga t = 20 s. Halaju budak itu dapat
ditentukan dari Rajah 4.




.

Diagram 4
Rajah 4
A
t = 0 s
B
t = 10 s
C
t = 20 s
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(a) What is the meaning of velocity?
Apakah maksud halaju?
.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b) What is type of motion of the boy in Diagram 4 from :
Apakah jenis pergerakan budak itu pada Rajah 4 dari:
(i) A to B
A ke B
............................................................................................................
(ii) B to C
B ke C
............................................................................................................
[2 mark]
[2 markah]
(c) Distance from A to B is 100 meter and the bicycle took 10 seconds to
reach B. The mass of the boy and bicycle is 55 kg.
Jarak diantara A ke B adalah 100 meter dan basikal itu mengambil
10 saat untuk sampai ke B. Jisim budak dan basikal itu ialah 55 kg.

(i) Calculate the velocity of the boy cycling from A to B.
Hitungkan halaju budak yang berbasikal itu dari A ke B.



[ 2 mark]
[ 2 markah]
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(ii) Draw the velocity - time graph of the boy cycling from t = 0 s to 20 s.
Lukiskan graf bagi halaju - masa budak yang berbasikal dari t = 0 s
sehingga t = 20 s.





[2 mark]
[ 2 markah]

5. Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2 show two similar cargo ships sailing on the ocean.
Cargo ship A is without load and cargo ship B with load. The total weight of both
cargo ships is different.
Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan dua buah kapal kargo yang serupa berlayar
di lautan. Kapal kargo A adalah tanpa beban dan kapal kargo B berisi beban.
Jumlah berat kedua-dua kapal kargo adalah berbeza.







Cargo Ship B
Kapal Kargo B
Diagram 5.1
Rajah 5.1
Cargo Ship A
Kapal kargo A
Diagram 5.2
Rajah 5.2
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(a) What is the meaning of weight?
Apakah maksud berat?

.......
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b) Observe Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2
Perhatikan Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2,
(i) Compare the total weight between Cargo ship A and Cargo ship B
Bandingkan jumlah berat antara kapal kargo A dan kapal kargo B.
..........
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) Compare the volume of water displaced.
Bandingkan isipadu air yang tersesar.

.......
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(c) (i) Name other physical quantity beside weight that is acting on the
cargo ship.
Namakan kuantiti lain selain dari berat yang bertindak ke atas
kapal cargo itu.
...
[1 mark]
[1 markah]


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(ii) Relate the volume of water displaced to the physical quantity stated
in 5(c)(i).
Hubungkaitkan isipadu air yang tersesar dengan kuantiti fizik yang
dinyatakan dalam 5(c)(i).
...
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(d) Nama the physics principle involved.
Namakan prinsip fizik yang terlibat.

...
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(e) What happen to the cargo ship B, if the cargo ship B is at riverbay? Give
one reason your answer.
Apakah yang berlaku kepada kapal kargo B jika kapal kargo B berada di
muara sungai? Beri satu sebab untuk jawapan anda.
...
..............
[2 mark]
[2 markah]

6. Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2 shows two identical resistor connected in series
and in parallel. The ammeter reading shows the magnitude of current flowing in
both circuit.
Rajah 6.1 dan Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan dua perintang serupa disambungkan
secara siri dan selari. Bacaan ammeter menunjukkan magnitud arus yang
mengalir dalam kedua-dua litar itu.
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Diagram 6.1 Diagram 6.2
Rajah 6.1 Rajah 6.2

(a) What is the meaning of current ?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan arus?

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b) Compare the magnitude of current in both circuit Diagram 6.1 and
Diagram 6.2
Bandingkan magnitud arus dalam kedua-dua litar dalam Rajah 6.1 dan
Rajah 6.2.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]





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(c) Calculate the effective resistance ;
Hitungkan rintangan berkesan ;
(i) in Diagram 6.1
dalam Rajah 6.1



[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) in Diagram 6.2
dalam Rajah 6.2




[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(d) Based to the answer in (b) and (c) ;
Berdasarkan jawapan anda di (b) dan di (c);
(i) relate the size of current to the effective resistance.
hubungkaitkan jumlah arus dengan rintangan berkesan

............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) deduce a physic concept involves.
deduksikan satu konsep fizik yang terlibat.

............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
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(e) Another identical resistor is added to the circuit in Diagram 6.2. The circuit
is as shown in Diagram 6.3.
Satu perintang lain yang serupa di sambungkan pada litar dalam Rajah
6.2. Susunan litar adalah seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 6.3.











Diagram 6.3
Rajah 6.3
If the electromotive force of battery is 3.0 V and the internal resistance of
battery is 0.7 ,
(i) calculate the effective resistance in the circuit
(ii) determine the ammeter reading
Jika daya gerak elektrik bagi bateri ialah 3.0 V dan rintangan dalam bateri
ialah 0.7.
(i) hitungkan rintangan berkesan dalam litar
(ii) tentukan bacaan ammeter


[2 mark]
[ 2 markah]

E= 3.0 V
4
4
4
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7. Diagram 7.1 shows the arrangement of lenses of an astronomical telescope.
Rajah7.1 menunjukkan susunan kanta bagi sebuah teleskop astonomi.












Diagram 7.1
Rajah 7.1

The objective lens with focal length of 60 cm and an eyepiece of 20 cm is
situated at normal adjustment. Light from very far object passing through the
objective length produces a real image.
Kanta objektif berjarak fokus 60 cm dan kanta mata berjarak fokus 20 cm berada
pada pelarasan normal. Cahaya dari objek yang jauh melalui kanta objektif
menghasilkan imej nyata.

(a) What is the meaning of real image ?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan imej nyata?

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

Objektif lens
Kanta objektif

First image
Image pertama
Light from far object
Cahaya dari objeh jauh

Eyepiece
Kanta mata
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(b) What is the distance between two lenses at normal adjustment ?
Berapakah jarak antara dua kanta itu pada pelarasan normal ?
..................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c) (i) On Diagram 7.1, complete the ray diagram to show the final image
fomed by the eyepiece.
Pada Rajah 7.1, lengkapkan rajah sinar untuk menunjukkan imej
akhir yang terbentuk oleh kanta mata.
[2 marks]
[ 2 markah]
(ii) State one characteristic of final image formed by eyepiece .
Nyatakan satu sifat imej akhir yang terbentuk oleh kanta mata.

...........................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(d) Calculate the magnification of telescope.
Hitungkan pembesaran oleh teleskop itu.


[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(e) State the modification that can be done to produce a larger and brighter
final image and give a reason for your suggestion .
Nyatakan pengubahsuaian yang boleh dilakukan untuk menghasilkan imej
akhir yang lebih besar dan terang dan berikan alasan bagi cadangan
anda.

(i) For larger final image
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Untuk imej akhir yang lebih besar

Modification :
pengubahsuaian

............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
reason :
alasan

............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) For more brighter final image.
Untuk imej akhir yang lebih cerah

Modification ;
pengubahsuaian

............................................................................................................
[[1 mark]
[1 markah]
Reason :
Alasan

............................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]


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8. Diagram 8.1 shows a when tuning fork is hit it will produce sound waves.
Rajah 8.1 menunjukkan apabila sebuah tala bunyi diketuk ia akan
menghasilkan gelombang bunyi.


Diagram 8.1
Rajah 8.1

(a) State the type of wave produced by the tuning fork.
Nyatakan jenis gelombang yang dihasilkan oleh tala bunyi.

......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) Diagram 8.2 shows when another tuning fork is brought near to the
vibrating tuning fork, the second tuning fork it will also vibrate.
Rajah 8.2 menunjukkan apabila satu lagi tala bunyi di bawa mendekati tala
bunyi yang bergetar itu tala bunyi yang kedua ini akan juga bergetar.
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.
Diagram 8.2
Rajah 8.2
(i) Name the incident happen.
. Namakan kejadian yang berlaku.

...........................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) State on condition for the above incident to happen.
Nyatakan satu syarat untuk berlakunya kejadian diatas.

..........................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c) Diagram 8.3 shows a sound wave form produced by a tuning fork
displayed on the screen of cathode ray oscilloscope.
Rajah 8.3 menunjukkan suatu bentuk gelombang bunyi yang dihasilkan
oleh suatu tala bunyi ditunjukkan pada skrin tiub sinar katod.
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Diagram 8.3
Rajah 8.3

On Diagram 8.4, draw the sound wave form produced when the loudness
is increased.
Pada Rajah 8.4, lukiskan bentuk gelombang bunyi yang dihasilkan bila
kekuatan ditambah.


Diagram 1.4
Rajah 1.4
[1 mark]
[1 markah]


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(c) Diagram 8.5 shows an electromagnetic wave spectrum.
Rajah 8.5 menunjukkan satu spektrum gelombang elektromagnet.



Radio
wave

Gelombang
radio

Microwave


Gelombang
mikro


P

Visible
light

Cahaya
nampak


Q

X-ray


Sinar-x

Gamma
ray

Sinar
Gama


Diagram 8.5
Rajah 8.5

(i) Name the wave for;
Namakan gelombang bagi;

P :

Q :
[2 marks]
[ 2markah]

( ii) Choose one wave that harmful to human body.
satu gelombang yang merbahaya kepada badan manusia.

...........................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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(iii) Give one reason for the answer in 1 (c) (ii).
Beri satu sebab bagi jawapan di 1 (c )(ii).

...........................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(iv) Choose one wave that used in telecommunications.
Pilih satu gelombang yang sesuai digunakan dalam
telekomunikasi.
............
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(v) Give one reason for the answer in 1 (c) (iv).
satu sebab bagi jawapan di 1 (c) (iv).

..........
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
( vi) Choose the suitable wave that can be used in cancer treatment.
Pilih gelombang yang sesuai digunakan untuk rawatan penyakit
kanser.

.......................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(vii) Give one reason for the answer in 1 (c) (vi).
Beri satu sebab bagi jawapan di 1(c) (vi).

...
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
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SECTION B
BAHAGIAN B
[20 Marks]
[20 Markah]

Answer any one question
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan
9. Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2 show an identical fan blows air between two pieces
of paper. The fan is adjusted at different speed.
Rajah 9.1 dan Rajah 9.2 menunjukkan dua kipas serupa meniup udara di antara
dua keping kertas. Kedua-dua kipas itu dilaraskan pada kelajuan berbeza.






Diagram 9.1
Rajah 9.1






Diagram 9.2
Rajah 9.2
Speed controller
Pelaras laju
Speed controller
Pelaras laju

X
X
Paper
kertas
Paper
kertas
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(a) What is the meaning of pressure?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan tekanan ?
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b) Observed the Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2.
Perhatikan Rajah 9.1 dan 9.2.

(i) compare the speed of air flow between two sheet of paper
bandingkan halaju udara bergerak antara dua helai kertas.

(ii) compare the distance between two sheets of paper, x
bandingkan jarak antara dua keeping kertas, x.

(iii) Relate the speed of air to the distance between two paper, x.
Hubungkaitkan halaju udara dengan jarak antara dua helai kertas,x

(iv) Name the principle involves
Namakan prinsip yang telibat.

(v) What is the statement about the principle in your answer at a(iv)?
Apakah pernyataan mengenai prinsip dalam jawapan anda di a
(iv)?
[ 5 marks]
[ 5 markah]






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(b) Diagram 9.3 shows a cross sectional shape of an aeroplane .
Rajah 9.3 menunjukkan keratan rentas bentuk sayap sebuah kapal
terbang.









Diagram 9.3
Rajah 9.3
(i) Name the shape of the wing
Namakan bentuk sayap itu.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) Explain how the shape of wing enable to lift up the aeroplane when
its moving.
Terangkan bagaimana bentuk sayap membolehkan kapalterbang
terangkat apabila ia bergerak.
[ 3 marks]
[ 3 markah]
(c) Diagram 9.4 shows a gardener use a sprayer to kill the insects that
damages his vegetable. When he pushes the piston of sprayer , the
pesticide sprayed on the insects.
Rajah 9.4 menunjukkan seorang pekebun menggunakan penyembur
untuk membunuh serangga perosak yang merosakkan tanaman sayuran.
Apabila dia menolak omboh penyembur ,maka racun serangga itu akan
disemburkan keatas serangga.
Cross sectional
Keratan rentas
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Diagram 9.4
Rajah 9.4
You are asked to make a modification on the sprayer therefore it enable to spray
wide range and save the pesticide. In your suggestion emphasis about this
aspects ;
Anda dikehendaki membuat pengubahsuaian keatas penyembur supaya julat
semburan lebih luas dan tidak membazir penggunaan racun serangga.
Cadangan anda hendaklan memberikan penekanan kepada aspek berikut;
(i) Size of pum
Saiz pam
(ii) Size of pump nozzle
Saiz muncung pam
(iii) Ssize of bottle nozzle
Saiz muncung botol
(iv) size of bottle
Saiz botol
(v) material made of pump
bahan binaan pam

Piston
omboh
Poison
racun
Pump
pam
Bottle nozzle
Muncung botol

Pump nozzle
Muncung pam
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10. Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2 show the decay graphs of two different
radioactive sources.
Rajah 10.1 dan Rajah 10.2 menunjukkan graf reputan bagi dua sumber
radioaktif yang berlainan.


Diagram 10.1
Rajah 10.1

80
60
40
20
A
c
t
i
v
i
t
y

/

c
o
u
n
t
s

p
e
r

s
e
c
o
n
d

K
e
r
a
d
i
o
a
k
t
i
f
a
n

/

b
i
l
a
n
g
a
n

p
e
r

s
a
a
t

s
a
a
t

10 20 30 0
Source A
Sumber A
80
60
40
20
1 2 3 0
Source B
Sumber B
A
c
t
i
v
i
t
y

/

c
o
u
n
t
s

p
e
r

s
e
c
o
n
d

K
e
r
a
d
i
o
a
k
t
i
f
a
n

/

b
i
l
a
n
g
a
n

p
e
r

s
a
a
t

s
a
a
t

Time / year
Masa pereputan / Tahun
Time / year
Masa pereputan / Tahun
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Diagram 10.2
Rajah 10.2

(a). What is the meaning of decay ?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan reputan?
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(b). Using Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2, compare the initial
activity of the sources, the time interval for the activity to be halved and the
rate of decay of the radioactives.
Menggunakan Rajah 10.1 dan Rajah 10.2, bandingkan aktiviti awal
sumber-sumber itu, sela masa untuk aktiviti menjadi separuh dan kadar
penyusutan radioaktif-radioaktif itu.

State the relationship between:
Nyatakan hubungan antara:
the rate of decay of the radioactives and the time of interval for the
radioactive to be halved.
Kadar penyusutan radioaktif dan sela masa untuk radioaktif menjadi
separuh.
half life and the rate of decay of the radioactives.
Separuh hayat dan kadar penyusutan radioaktif
[ 5 marks]
[ 5 markah]
(c) Explain how radioisotope Strontium-90 is used to measure the thickness
piece of paper in a factory.
Terangkan bagaimana radioisotope Strontium-90 digunakan untuk
mengukur ketebalan sehelai kertas di dalm sebuah kilang.
[4 marks]
[4 markah]

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31

(d) Diagram 10.3 shows a simple nuclear reactor.
Rajah 10.3 menunjukkan sebuah reaktor nuklear ringkas.

Diagram 10
Rajah 10
You are required to give some suggestion to design the reactor nuclear
which is more efficient based on the following aspect:
Anda dikehendaki memberi beberapa cadangan untuk mereka bentuk
sebuah reactor nuclear yang lebih cekap berdasarkan beberapa aspek:
(i) the fuel rod used
rod bahanapi
(ii) Control rod
Rod pengawal
(iii) Moderator
moderator
(iv) Thickness of wall
Ketebalan dinding
(v) Coolant
penyejuk
[10 marks]
[10 markah]
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32
[20 marks]
[20 markah]

Answer any one question from this section.
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.

11. Diagram 11 shows a doctor used a thermometer to measure the body
temperature of a girl.
Rajah 11 menunjukkan seorang doktor menggunakan sebuh termometer untuk
mengukur suhu badan seorang budak perempuan.





Diagram 11
Rajah 11 .
(a) What is the meaning of temperature?
Apakah maksud suhu?
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b) Explain in terms of thermal equilibrium, how the termometer reads the
body temperature of the girl.
Terangkan dalam konteks keseimbangan terma, bagaimana termometer
tersebut memberi bacaan suhu badan budak perempuan itu.
[4 marks]
[4 markah]


SECTION C
BAHAGIAN C
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33
(c) Table 11 shows the characteristics of five termometers, A, B, C and D.
Jadual 11 menunjukkan ciri-ciri empat termometer, A, B, C dan D.

Thermometer
Termometer
Liquid used
Cecair yang
digunakan
Glass
walled buld
Dinding
bebuli kaca
Diameter of
capillary
tube
Diameter
tiub kapilari
Glass-bore stem and
cross section
Lubang batang kaca
dan keratan rentas
A Mercury
Merkuri
Thin
Nipis
Big
Besar
Thick and Curved
Tebal dan Melengkung
B Alcohol
Alkohol
Thick
Tebal
Small
Kecil
Thin and plane
Nipis dan Satah
C Mercury
Merkuri
Thin
Nipis
Small
Kecil
Thick and Curved
Tebal dan Melengkung
D Alcohol
Alkohol
Thick
Tebal
Big
Besar
Thin and plane
Nipis dan Satah

A research project is carried out on the weather of a region with the surrounding
temperature is between -35 C to 45 C. Thermometer is an equipment to be
taken for the research project.

Satu projek penyelidikan hendak dijalankan di suatu kawasan dengan
suhu persekitaran antara -35 C to 45 C. Termometer adalah antara peralatan
yang perlu dibawa dalam projek penyelidikan ini.

As a researcher, you are required to determine the most suitable thermometer to
be taken with as one item of the equipment. Study the characteristics of all the
four thermometer based on the following aspects :
Sebagai seorang penyelidik, anda diminta untuk menentukan termometer yang
paling sesuai sebagai satu item peralatan yang perlu untuk dibawa bersama. Kaji
ciri ciri termometer itu berdasarkan aspek berikut :-
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34

- The liquid used
Jenis cecair yang digunakan
- Glass wall bulb
Dinding bebuli kaca
- Diameter of capillary tube
Diameter tiub kapilari
- Glass bore stem and cross section
Lubang batang kaca dan keratan rentas
Explain the suitability of the aspects.Justify your choice.
Terangkan kesesuaian aspek aspek itu dan beri sebab bagi pilihan anda

(d) A thermometer which is not calibrated has a mercury column of length 5.0 cm.
When the temperature is 0 C and 25.0 cm when the temperature is 100 C.
The mercury column is 12.0 cm when put in liquid X.
Sebuah termometer yang belum ditentukurkan mempunyai panjang turus 5.0
cm apabila suhu adalah 0 C dan 25.0 cm apabila suhu adalah 100 C. Turus
merkuri adalah 12.0 cm apabila diletakkan ke dalam cecair X.
(i) Determine the temperature of liquid X.
Tentukan suhu cecair X itu.
[3 marks]
[ 3 markah]
(ii) Determine the temperature of liquid X in Kelvin
Tentukan suhu cecair X itu dalam Kelvin.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(iii) State a thermometric property used when making of a thermometer.
Nyatakan satu sifat termometri yang digunakan dalam membuat sebuah
termometer.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
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35
12. Diagram 12.1 shows a transformer.
Rajah 12.1 menunjukkan sebuah transformer.


Diagram 12.1
Rajah 12.1

(a) (i) What is meant by a transformer?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan transformer.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) Explain the working principle of the transformer.
Terangkan prinsip kerja sebuah transformer.
[4 mark]
[4 markah]

(b) (i) The number of turns on the primary coil in diagram 12.1 is 1500.
Calculate the number of turns on the secondary coil.

Bilangan lilitan pada gegelung primer pada Rajah 12.1 ialah 1500.
Hitung bilangan lilitan pada gegelung sekunder.


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(ii) The transformer in Diagram 12.1 is used to switch on an electrical
appliance.
The current in the primary coil is 0.1 A and the efficiency is 85%.

Transformer dalam Rajah 12.1 digunakan untuk menghidupkan
sebuah alat elektrik.
Arus yang mengalir dalam gegelung primer ialah 0.1 A dan
kecekapannya ialah 85%.

Calculate the output power of the transformer.
Hitung kuasa output transformer itu.
[5 mark2]
[5 markah]

(c) Diagram 12.2 shows a block diagram of the National grid Network
system.
Rajah 12.2 menunjukkan gambarajah blok sistem Rangkaian Grid
Nasional.


Power stesen
Stesen Janakuasa
Electric Cable
Kabel elektrik
Consumer
Pengguna
Transformer P
Transformer P
Transformer Q
Transformer Q

Diagram 12.2
Rajah 12.2

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Using your knowledge about electrical and Diagram 12.3 above, you are
asked to determine the suitable characteristics used in the system J,K,L
and M a for a National Grid Network system in Diagram 12.3 below.
Menggunakan pengetahuan anda mengenai elektrik dan Rajah 12.3 di
atas, anda dikehendaki mengenalpasti ciri-ciri yang digunakan dalam
sistem J,K,L dan M untuk Rangkaian Grid Nasional dalam Rajah 12.3 di
bawah.
Type of
Transformer
Jenis Trans
former

Diameter of
conductor
cable
Diameter
konduktor
kabel
Transmission
Voltage
Voltan
penghantaran
Cable position

Kedudukan
kabel
J P is step up
Q step down
P injak naik
Q injak turun
Bigger
Besar
Low
Rendah
On the pylon
Di atas pilon
K P is step up
Q step down
P injak naik
Q injak turun
Small
Kecil
High
Tinggi
On the
concrete
Di atas konkrit
L P is step up
Q step down
P injak naik
Q injak turun
Bigger
Besar
High
Tinggi
On the pylon
Di atas pilon
M Q is step up
P step down
Q injak naik
P injak turun
Small
Kecil
Low
Rendah
On the
concrete
Di atas konkrit
Diagram 12.3
Rajah 12.3
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38
Study the specification of the five system and explain the suitability of each
system based on the following aspects:
Kaji spesifikasi kelima-lima sistem itu dan terangkan kesesuaian setiap
aspek berdasarkan aspek berikut:
(i) Type of transformer P and Q
Jenis transformer P dan Q
(ii) Diameter of cable used
Diameter kabel yang digunakan
(iii) Transmission Voltage
Voltan penghantaran
(iv) Position of cable
Kedudukan kabel

Explain the suitability of each aspects and determine the most suitable
system.
Give reason for your answer.
Terangkan kesesuaian setiap aspek dan tentukan sistem yang paling
sesuai.
Beri sebab bagi jawapan anda.
[10 marks]
[10 markah]

END OF QUESTION
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT


MODUL GCAKNA 2014 KERTAS 2 SET 2
SKEMA
Question Mark Scheme Marks
1 (a)
(b)
(c) (i)
(ii)
Ratchet
To prevent too much pressure being exerted on the object.
Positive Zero Error
2.80 0.02 = 2.78 mm
1
1
1
1
Total 4

Question Mark Scheme Marks
2 (a)


(b) (i)

(ii)

(iii)


(c)
Unstable isotope


- particle

Geiger- Muller tube

Area where Geiger-Muller show the maximum reading


Have a short half life// change to a nucleus stable in short time

1


1

1


1

1

Total 5











Question
Mark Scheme Marks
4 (a)

(b) (i)

(ii)

(iii)



(c)
Displacement per time // rate of change of displacement

Constant velocity // zero acceleration

Increasing velocity // constant acceleration

V = 100
10
= 10 ms
-1



1

1

1

2


2

Total 7


3 (a) (i) Diode

1
(b) (i)









(ii)


Forward bias

2









1
(c) (i)

(ii)
Lights up
The arrangements is still in forward bias when terminal
positive connected to P
1

1

Total 6
Question Mark Scheme Marks
5 (a)
Force of gravity acting on the object //
Mass x acceleration due to gravity // mg (explain symbol)
1
(b) (i)
The weight of Cargo ship B bigger than Cargo ship B / vice
versa
1
(ii)
The volume of water displaced in Diagram 5.2 higher than
Diagram 5.2 / vice versa
1
(c) (i) Buoyant force 1
(ii)
The increases the volume of water displaced, the increases
the Buoyant force
1
(d)
Archimedes Principle
1
(e)
- Sinks
- Sea denser than river
2
Total 8

Question Mark Scheme Marks
6 (a) Rate of charge flow through a conductor 1
(b)
Size of current flow in circuit in Diagram 6.1 is smaller than in
Diagram 6.2.
1
(c) (i) R = 8 1
(ii) R= 2 1
(d) (i)
When the effective resistance increase the current is
decreases
1
(ii)
Size of current inversely proportional to the resistance when
the voltage is constant
1
(e) (i) R = 4/3 = 1.33 1
(ii) I = 1.48 A 1
Total 8

Question Mark Scheme Marks
7 (a)

(b)


(c) (i)












(ii)

(d)

(e) (i)




(ii)
Image that can be formed on screen

Normal adjustment is = 80 cm // 60 +20











1.Parallel line with arrow
2.Parallel dot line


Virtual image// magnified// inverted

M = 3

Increase focal length of objective lens and reduce the focal
length of eyepiece.

Magnification is the ratio of fo / fe

Use objective lens with large diameter

More light enters
1

1




2










1

1

1

1

1

1

Total 10

















Question Mark Scheme

Marks
8. (a) (i) Longitudinal wave / mechanical wave 1

(b) (i) Resonance 1

(ii) Same frequency // energy transferred 1

(c)

(Amplitude of the wave drawn is bigger)









1
(c) (i) P Infrared
Q - Ultraviolet
1
1
(ii) Gamma ray / ultraviolet / x-Ray 1

(iii) Can kills the life cell / skin burn or skin cancer /

1
(iv) Radio wave / microwave 1

(v) High frequency / high energy / high penetrating power / less
diffracted
1
(vi) Gamma Ray 1

(vii) high energy / high penetrating power 1

Total 12

Question Mark scheme Marks
9 (a)




(b) (i)


(ii)


(iii)


(iv)

(v)

(c) (i)

(ii)








(d)
Pressure is the force acting normally per surface area of an
object.//
Force over surface area where direction of force is
perpendicular to the surface area of an object.

The speed of air flow between two sheets of paper in Diagram
9.1 is lower than in Diagram 9.2

The distance between two sheets of paper, x in Diagram 9.1 is
longer than in Diagram 9.2

When the speed of air between two sheets of paper increase,
the distance between two sheets of paper,x is decreases.

Bernoullis Principle

When the speed of air flow high , the pressure of air is low

Aerofoil

When the aeroplane moves the speed of air flows obove the
wing is higher than below the wing

The air pressure above the wing is low while the pressure
Below the wing is higher.

Difference in pressure between above and below the wing
causes the aeroplane moving up as the lifting force produce.

suggestion Discription
Large length/ size of
pump

Small hole of at the
end of pump nozzle

Small hole of at the
end of bottle nozzle

Big size of bottle

Pump is made by
strong material and
light
Much more volume of air blows out
So that air blows out when its
pumped is high velocity, and the air
pressure is low
Rate of quantity of liquid out is
small
It can filled with large quantity
poison .
It can withstand the high pressure
as the air in pump is
Compress.

1




1


1


1


1

1

1

1


1


1




2


2


2


2

Total 20







Question Mark Scheme Marks
10. (a) Decay is the process where heavy nucleus emits radioactive rays
and energy to be a stable nucleus
1

(b) 1. Initial activity is the same
2. time interval in Diagram 10.1 is longer
3. rate of decay in Diagram 10.1 is lower
4. The higher the rate of decay the shorter the time interval
5. The higher the rate of decay the shorter the half life





5
(c) Sheets of papers is palced on a moving conveyer belt
Radioactive source is placed under the conveyer belt
A detector is palced on top of the paper
Similar reading on the scale of the detector show the sheets
has the same thickness // if nthe reading is more / less the
sheet of paper is thinner/thicker




4
(d) Aspect Reasoning
Fuel rod used is Uranium to produce fission process for
production of nuclear energy

Control rod is Boron or
cadmium
to absorb neutron to control the
reaction
Moderator is graphite to slow down the fast moving
electron

Thick concrete wall Prevent escape of harmful
radiation // to prevent leakage

Coolant used is heavy water To take away heat from the
reactor out



2

2

2

2

2

Total

20
Question Mark Scheme Mark
11 (a)
(b)







(c)







(d) (i)




(ii)
(iii)
Temperature is the degree of hotness
- The thermometer is put under the touge
- The heat is transferred from the body to the
thermometer
- Mercury expand until it reaches a state of
thermal equilibrium
- The temperature of the thermometer is the
same as the body
Aspect Reasoning
Liquid used is Mercury

Expands uniformly // sensitive
to changes in temperature
Thin glass walled bulb

More sensitive to heat
Small diameter of capillary
tube
get a wider range // More
sensitive to heat
Glass-bore stem and cross
section - Thick and Curved
not easily to break // easy to
read
C most suitable

Mercury, Thin, Small and
Thick and Curved

( l -l0) x 100
( l100 - l0)
( 12 - 5 ) x 100
( 25 - 5 )
= 35 C
( 273 + 35 ) K = 308K
Volume expand with temperature
1
1
1

1

1


2

2
2

2
2


1
1
1

1
1
Total 20



Question Mark Scheme

Marks
12. (a) (i) A device to increase or decrease voltage 1

(ii) 1. When an a.c. voltage is supplied to the primary coil, an
alternating current flows through coil.
2. The soft -iron core is magnetized.
3. The magnet produced varies in magnitude and direction.
4. This causes a changing magnetic flux to pass through the
secondary coil.As a result ,an induced e.m.f across the
secondary coil is produced.







4
(b) (i) No of turns = 12 x 1500
240
= 75 turns
1

1
(ii) Efficiecy = Po x100
Pi
85 = Po x 100
(0.1) (240)

Po = 0.1 x 2.4 x 85
= 20.4 W
1


1


1

(c) Aspects Reasoning

P step up
Q step down
P increase voltage
Q decrease voltage

Big diameter Reduce resistance

High voltage Small current// reduce heat
loss

Cable on pylon Stiff / strong

L is chosen P step up and Q step down,
big diameter, high voltage,
cable on pylon



2
2

2
2

2
Total 20