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T TH Hc c E En nn no on n o or r H Hc cÞ ÞL LA Ac cc cm mc cN NT T
T TH Hc co oL Lo oc cY Y
Perhaps you have heard of the term Replacement Theology. However, if you look it up
in a dictionary of Church history, you will not find it listed as a systematic study. Rather, it
is a doctrinal teaching that originated in the early Church. It became the fertile soil from
which Christian anti-Semitism grew and has infected the Church for nearly 1,900 years.
W Wh ha at t i is s R Re ep pl la ac ce em me en nt t T Th he eo ol lo og gy y? ?
Replacement Theology was introduced to the Church shortly after Gentile leadership took over
from Jewish leadership. What are its premises?
1. Israel (the Jewish people and the land) has been replaced by the Christian Church in the
purposes of YHVH, or, more precisely, the Church is the historic continuation of Israel to
the exclusion of the former.
2. The Jewish people are now no longer a “chosen people.” In fact, they are no different
from any other group, such as the English, Spanish, or Africans.
3. Apart from repentance, the new birth, and incorporation into the Church, the Jewish
people have no future, no hope, and no calling in the plan of YHVH. The same is true for
every other nation and group.
4. Since Pentecost of Acts 2, the term “Israel,” as found in the Bible, now refers to the
Church, the so-called “Spiritual Israel”.
5. The promises, covenants and blessings ascribed to Israel in the Bible have been taken
away from the Jews and given to the Church, which has superseded them. However, the
Jews are subject to the curses found in the Bible, as a result of their rejection of the
If you hear a Christian, a minister, or a Church doctrine that ascribes to one of these points,
then knowingly or unknowingly they have swallowed the Replacement Theology pill. I say
unknowingly because the doctrine is so systemic, most Christians have been brought up in it
and hove no idea that these premises are contrary to Scripture.
W Wh he er re e d di id d R Re ep pl la ac ce em me en nt t T Th he eo ol lo og gy y c co om me e f fr ro om m? ?
Replacement Theology is closely associated with Reformed
(or Covenant) Theology, the brand of theology historically
linked to John Calvin (1509-1564) and the Protestant
Reformation. Reformed/Covenant Theology, in turn, is
closely associated with amillennialism, an eschatological
view with a spiritualized (rather than literal-historical)
interpretation of the prophetic Scriptures. The natural affinity
these views (that is, Replacement Theology and
amillennialism) seem to have for each other is
understandable because Replacement Theology relies so
heavily on a non-literal and allegorical interpretation of the
biblical promises to Israel.
Although many of the early Reformers and Puritans -
including even Calvin himself - wrote about the nation of
Israel one day being restored by the grace of YHVH and
experiencing a national regeneration, that is an
increasingly marginalized, minority view in Reformed
Christianity today (which is ironic, since we have seen the
amazing rebirth of the nation of Israel, just as the Word of
Elements of Replacement Theology can be traced as far back as Marcion (A.D. 160), who carried
on a theological crusade to purge the Church of what he perceived to be dangerous Jewish errors
and influences. Later, many of these same anti-Judaic sentiments found their way into the
thinking (and writings) of the Early Church fathers. Irenaeus (c. 180), for instance, wrote, “The
Jews have rejected the Son of YHVH and cast Him out of the vineyard when they slew Him.
Therefore, YHVH has justly rejected them and has given to the Gentiles outside the vineyard the
fruits of its cultivation” (The Ante-Nicene Fathers, Ed. Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson,
[1885-1887], Volume 1, p. 493).
Over time, statements like these became the basis for full-blown anti-Semitism in some sectors of
Christianity. Anything Jewish was renounced as an attempt to subvert and “Judaize” the Church.
Teachings like chiliasm (millenarianism), for instance, were denounced as “Jewish fables.” The
Early Church, which was clearly and undeniably Jewish, was described as “primitive,”
unenlightened, and beset by erroneous notions that were carry-overs from ancient Judaism.
By the seventh century, Jewish people who came to faith in the Messiah were required to
denounce their Jewish ancestry and heritage before they could be baptized. Professor Paul
Halsall of Fordham University cites the following Visigoth profession from c. A.D. 680-687:
¨I do here cnd nou renounce eteru rite cnd obsertcnce o[ the 1euish reliqion, detestinq cll
its most solemn ceremonies cnd tenets thct in [ormer dcus I lept cnd held. In [uture I uill
prcctice no rite or celebrction connected uith it, nor cnu custom o[ mu pcst error,
promisinq neither to seel it out or per[orm it. In the ncme o[ this Creed, uhich I trulu beliete
cnd hold uith cll mu hecrt, I promise thct I uill neter return to the tomit o[ 1euish
superstition. Neter cqcin uill I [ul[ill cnu o[ the o[[ices o[ 1euish ceremonies to uhich I ucs
cddicted, nor eter more hold them decr. I cltoqether denu cnd reject the errors o[ the
1euish reliqion, ccstinq [orth uhcteter con[licts uith the Christicn Icith, cnd c[[irminq
thct mu belie[ in the Holu Trinitu is stronq enouqh to mcle me lite the trulu Christicn li[e,
shun cll intercourse uith other 1eus cnd hcte the circle o[ mu [riends onlu cmonq honest
Christicns. With them or cpcrt [rom them I must clucus ect Christicn [ood, cnd cs c
qenuinelu detout Christicn qo o[ten cnd reterentlu to Church. I promise clso to mcintcin
cnd embrcce uith due lote cnd reterence the obsertcnce o[ cll the Lord's dcus or [ecsts [or
mcrturs cs declcred bu the pietu o[ the Church, cnd upon those dcus to consort clucus uith
sincere Christicns, cs it behootes c pious cnd sincere Christicn to do. Hereuith is mu
pro[ession o[ [cith cnd belie[ cs qiten bu me on this dcte .¨ (¨ProIessIons oI ¡uILI ExLrucLed
Irom Jews on BupLIsm,` Irom LIe Internet Medietcl Sourcebool compIIed bv ProIessor PuuI
HuIsuII oI ¡ordIum UnIversILv |www.IordIum.eduJIuIsuIIJsourcesJjewIsI-ouLIs.ILmI|).
The incredible irony here is that only a few centuries earlier, the Church had been almost
exclusively Jewish/Hebrew! The Messiah was Jewish (born a Jew and from the Tribe of Judah);
the writers of the Bible were Jewish; the apostles were Jewish; the earliest Believers/Christians
were Jewish; the first congregation was Jewish (located in Jerusalem); and the first missionaries
In fact, a council of Church leaders - including Paul, Barnabas, Peter and James - was convened
at Jerusalem (Acts 15) so the leaders of the new and growing Messianic Movement (known first
as “the sect of the Nazarenes,” Acts 24:5) could decide upon what conditions non-Jews would be
admitted into the fellowship of the saints! But here, within just a few generations, the shoe was
already on the other foot! Non-Jews were in control of the Church now. Jewish doctrines (the
earthly Kingdom in particular) were considered erroneous and even seditious. And non-Jewish
Church leaders were laying down the terms for Jewish believers in Jesus who wished to be
T Th he e M Ma ai in n P Pr ro ob bl le em ms s w wi it th h S Su up pe er rs se es ss si io on ni is sm m o or r R Re ep pl la ac ce em me en nt t
T Th he eo ol lo og gy y - - I It t C Co on nt tr ra ad di ic ct ts s S Sc cr ri ip pt tu ur re e
Did the sins of the Jewish nation result in her rejection? Paul’s answer is
found in Romans 11:1:
Rom 11:1 I scu then, Did not Elohim rejected His people? Let it
not he soid! 1or 1 olso om on 1sroelite, o[ the seed o[ Ahrohom,
o[ the trihe o[ Benjomin. (z) Elohim hos not rejected His people
uhom He kneu he[orehond.
Some people say that Israel is finished, that they had their chance and lost
it from the time of Y’shua’s First Coming. We see here what Paul said; that
YHVH did not reject Israel. Why do so many Christians then believe this lie
that contradicts the Scripture?
Rom 11:11-1z I scu then, Did theu not stumble thct theu [cll? Let it not bel ßut hg their
slipping ouog come solootion to the notions, to proooke them to jeolousg.
(:z) But i[ their slipping ouog (deteriorotionJ is the riches o[ the uorld, ond
their de[oult is the riches o[ the notions, hou much more their [ullness?
If the Jewish nation has no future in YHVH’s plan, as the supersessionists claim, then what is the
future “fullness” of Israel that Paul mentions in verse 12? Is this rejection permanent or
temporary? It is temporary because YHVH will bring them to their fullness again. Even if we insist
on saying that they did stumble and fall, then it must also be said that their fall brought salvation
to the rest of the world (Gentiles) - and Israel’s fall, too, is only temporary because they are
destined to be restored one day to a position of “fullness”.
Rom 11:1g 1or i[ their costing ouog is the restorotion to [ooour o[ the uorld,
uhot is their occeptonce hut L11E [rom the DEAD?
Israel will be brought from death to life and their casting away to restoration. This is quite clear to
see that physical Israel is not done away with, but will be restored and brought from death to life.
And when exactly will the nation be resurrected (“life from the dead”) and “accepted” by YHVH (v
15)? Paul can’t be talking about the Church in this passage because the Church has never died -
and never will (John 11:26). The only reasonable answer is that Paul is referring to a yet-future
resurrection and restoration of Am Israel (the “people of Israel, the nation of Israel” a collective
term for the nation), as prophesied in passages like Ezekiel 37:1-14.
Eze g¬:1-1a The hcnd o[ YHVH ucs on me, cnd brouqht me bu the Spirit o[ YHVH, cnd
mcde me rest in the midst o[ c tclleu, cnd it ucs [ull o[ bones. (z) And He mcde me pcss
cmonq them cll cround. And behold, teru mcnu uere on the [cce o[ the tclleu. And lo, theu
uere teru dru. (() And he soid to me, Son o[ mon, con these hones lioe? And 1
onsuered, O Lord YHVH, You knou. (a) Agoin He soid to me, Prophesg to
these hones, ond sog to them, O drg hones, heor the Word o[ YHVH. (=) So sogs
Moster YHVH to these hones: Behold, 1 uill couse hreoth to enter into gou, ond
gou sholl lioe. (ó) And 1 uill log sineus on gou, ond uill hring up [lesh on gou,
ond cooer gou uith skin, ond put hreoth in gou, ond gou sholl lioe. And gou
sholl knou thot 1 om YHVH. (;) So I prophesied cs I ucs commcnded. And cs I
prophesied, there ucs c noise. And behold, c shclinql And the hones come neor, o hone
to its hone. (8) And 1 uotched. And hehold! The sineus ond the [lesh come up
on them, ond the skin cooered them ohooe. But there uos no hreoth in them. (o)
And He soid to me, Prophesg to the Spirit, prophesg, son o[ mon, ond sog to the
Spirit, So sogs Moster YHVH: Come [rom the [our uinds, O Spirit, ond hreothe
on these deod ones so thot theg mog lioe. (:o) So 1 prophesied os He
commonded me, ond the Spirit come into them, ond theg lioed ond stood on
their [eet, on exceedinglg greot ormg.
(::) And He soid to me, Son o[ mon, these hones ore the WHOLE HOUSE O1
1SRAEL ßehold, theu scu, Our hones ore dried ond our hope is lost: ue ore cut o[[
hg ourseloes. (:z) There[ore prophesu cnd scu to them, So sogs the Moster YHVH:
Behold, O Mg people, 1 uill open gour grooes ond couse gou to come up out o[
gour grooes, ond uill hring gou into the LAND O1 1SRAEL. (:() And gou sholl
knou thot 1 om YHVH uhen 1 hooe opened gour grooes, O Mg people, ond hooe
hrought gou up out o[ gour grooes. (:a) And 1 sholl put Mg Spirit in gou, ond
gou sholl lioe, ond 1 uill PLACE YOU 1N YOUR OWN LAND. And gou sholl knou
thot 1 YHVH hooe spoken ond hooe done it, sogs YHVH.
They are dry bones because of their hope that is lost in their Elohim. (v11), but YHVH will speak
His Word over them and will breath over them and they will come alive by the Spirit of YHVH and
by His Word of Truth. He will restore them and the Nation of Israel in the physical Land of Israel
as this prophecy predicts and they will know that He is YHVH their Elohim. Part of this prophecy
has already been fulfilled when Israel became a Nation on May 14,1948, where they became a
Nation in one day.
1so oo:S Who hos heord such o thing? Who hos seen such things? Sholl the
Eorth he mode to gioe hirth in one dog? Or sholl o notion he horn ot once? 1or
os soon os Zion uos in lohor, she gooe hirth to her children.
Since then Israel has become a great army and proved themselves in the six day war on June 5-
10, 1967. Judah or the Jews will be fully restored when they receive YHVH’s Spirit and the
revelation of Y’shua the Messiah. It doesn’t mean they will automatically be saved simply
because they are Jewish; rather, it means that the majority of Jewish people who are living at that
time will recognize Y’shua of Nazareth as their Messiah and receive Him as Savior (Zechariah
Rom 11:zo And so oll 1sroel sholl he sooed: os it is uritten, "There sholl come
out o[ Zion the Delioerer, ond He uill turn ouog ungodliness [rom Jocoh.
They will be saved in the same way believers from all ages and generations have been saved;
that is, they will be saved by grace, through faith (Eph. 2:8-10). The problem with saying that
YHVH rejected His people Israel is that the term “rejection” implies permanence and finality.
Paul’s forceful statements in Romans 11 probably indicate that people were claiming, even in his
day, that YHVH had “cast away” His people Israel (v. 1). They were saying that Israel had
“stumbled’ and “fallen” from her former position (vv. 11-12). Paul rejected any such notion
(“Certainly not!” in verses 1 and 11).
Jer g:1z-1S Co ond crg these uords touord the north, ond sog, Return, O
hocksliding 1sroel, sogs YHVH: ond 1 uill not couse Mg onger to [oll on gou: [or
1 om merci[ul, sogs YHVH, ond 1 uill not keep onger [oreoer. (:() Onlg
ocknouledge gour iniquitg, thot gou hooe sinned ogoinst YHVH gour Elohim
ond hooe scottered gour uogs to the strongers under eoerg green tree, ond gou
hooe not oheged Mg ooice, sogs YHVH. (:a) Turn, O hocksliding sons, sogs
YHVH: [or 1 AM MARR1ED TO YOU: ond 1 uill toke gou one [rom o citg, ond
tuo [rom o [omilg, ond 1 W1LL BR1NC YOU TO Z1ON. (:=) And 1 uill gioe gou
shepherds occording to Mg heort, uho sholl [eed gou uith knouledge ond
understonding. (:ó) And it uill be uhen uou hcte multiplied cnd increcsed in the lcnd,
in those dcus, scus YHVH, theu shcll scu no more, The crl o[ the cotencnt o[ YHVHl Nor
shcll it come to mind: nor shcll theu remember it: nor shcll theu tisit it: nor shcll it be mcde
cnu more. (:;) At thot time theg sholl coll Jerusolem the throne o[ YHVH: ond
oll notions sholl he gothered to it, to the nome o[ YHVH, to Jerusolem. Nor
sholl theg uolk ong more o[ter the stuhhornness o[ their eoil heort.
(:8) 1n those dogs the house o[ Judoh sholl uolk uith the house o[ 1sroel, ond
theg sholl come together out o[ the lond o[ the north to the lond thot 1 hooe
gioen [or on inheritonce to gour [others.
A very interesting passage; Judah (or the Jews) shall come together with Israel (10 Scattered
Tribes who were gathered through Y’shua which are the “Christians” or Believers in Messiah).
This has not happened yet and is part of the end time signs that must take place before the
Coming of the Messiah. They will go back to the land that was promised to their forefathers that is
the Land of Israel. We also see the Covenant of YHVH still standing as he refers to them as still
being married to Him. Judah or the Jews are still married to YHVH and He did not write them off,
nor did Israel (spiritual/Church) replace Israel in taking their promises. No, Israel (Believers in
Messiah) forms part of this promise and they are also married to YHVH through Y’shua the
Messiah Who craft them in with Israel. All they have to do to be gathered back is to repent of their
iniquity, of the things that caused them to be scattered in the first place. Then YHVH will reveal
the Messiah to them. [Zec 12:6-11]
Hos 1:11 Then the sons o[ Judoh ond the sons o[ 1sroel sholl he gothered
together, ond sholl set ooer themseloes one Heod (Y'shuoJ, ond theg sholl come
up out o[ the lond. 1or greot sholl he the dog o[ Jezreel.
Jezebel wanted the field of “Naboth the Jezreelite”. His name means “Fruitful
Returning One”. Naboth is a plural for fruit and Jesreel refers to Ephraim’s scattering
and return back to sonship [Hosea 1:4 – 5, 2:22]. The Father calls His re-gathering of
all the tribes of Israel, “the great day of Jezreel” [Hosea 1:11]. This is the time where YHVH will
gather the Two Houses, the house of Judah (Jews) and the House of Israel (Scattered
Tribes/Believers in Messiah) together under one Head, that is Y’shua the Messiah. Note that both
Houses are present and the House of Israel did not replace the House of Judah (Jews). They are
brought together in the last days.
1so 11:1z-1g And He sholl li[t up o honner [or the notions, ond sholl gother the
outcosts o[ 1sroel ond gother together the scottered ones o[ Judoh [rom the [our
corners o[ the eorth. (:() And the enog o[ Ephroim sholl deport, ond the [oes o[
Judoh sholl he cut o[[: Ephroim sholl not enog Judoh, ond Judoh sholl not
In this passage, Ephraim are the Scattered Ten Tribes that are in the nations (gathered by
accepting Y’shua as their Messiah) and Judah are the Jews that are gathered back to the Land of
Israel. In the last days YHVH will break the envy between Ephraim and Judah and will cause
Judah (Jews) to accept Ephraim as part of Israel. There will be peace between the Two Houses
as they are gathered back together again as YHVH restores the 12 Tribes of Israel as part of His
Redemption work at the end of the age. All of this must happen for all the people of YHVH to
enter into the New Jerusalem. The New Jerusalem have 12 Gates; they are not the Catholic
Gate, the SDA Gate, the Lutheran Gate, the Dutch Reform Gate, est. No, they are the 12 Gates
for the 12 Tribes of Israel to enter into the City of YHVH.
Reo z1:1o-1z And he corried me ouog in the Spirit to o greot
ond high mountoin ond shoued me thot greot citg, the holg
Jerusolem, descending out o[ Heooen [rom Elohim, (::)
hooing the glorg o[ Elohim. And its light uos like o stone most
precious, eoen like o josper stone, cleor os crgstol. (:z) And it
hod o greot ond high uoll, uith tueloe gotes. And on the
gotes uere tueloe ongels, ond hooing nomes inscrihed, uhich
ore the nomes o[ the TWELVE TR1BES o[ the sons o[ 1SRAEL:
To enter into the City you have to be part of the Twelve Tribes of Israel and
the Jews as we know them today consists mostly of the Tribe of Judah, Levi
and Benyamin. The rest of the tribes will come in through the “Church” who will be gathered by
the Spirit of YHVH and by the work of the Messiah. (We will find out why YHVH chose these Two
Houses to complete His restoration process in the next section). Prior to this, YHVH will reveal to
the Jews that Y’shua is the Messiah and will reveal to the “Christians” that Y’shua is a Jew Who
kept Torah, Who is the Torah and Who will teach the Torah. The Jews or Judah will then weep
and repent and accept Y’shua as their Messiah. This will happen when the people gather against
Jerusalem to attack it and where fire will came down to devourer their enemies. [Zec 14:1-21]
Zec 1z:o-11 1n thot dog 1 uill moke the gooernors o[ Judoh like o heorth o[ [ire
omong the uood, ond like o torch o[ [ire omong cut groin. And theg sholl
deoour oll the peoples oll oround, on the right hond ond on the le[t hond. And
Jerusolem sholl he inhohited ogoin in her ploce, in Jerusolem. (;) YHVH olso
sholl sooe the tents o[ Judoh [irst, so thot the glorg o[ the house o[ Dooid ond
the glorg o[ the people o[ Jerusolem mog not he mogni[ied ohooe Judoh. (8) 1n
thot dog YHVH sholl de[end oround the people o[ Jerusolem. And it uill he, he
uho is [eehle omong them ot thot dog sholl he like Dooid: ond the house o[
Dooid sholl he like Elohim, like the Angel o[ YHVH he[ore them. (o) And it sholl
he in thot dog 1 uill seek to destrog oll the notions thot come ogoinst
(:o) And 1 uill pour on the house o[ Dooid, ond on the people o[ Jerusolem, the
spirit o[ groce ond o[ progers. And theg sholl look on Me uhom theg hooe
pierced, ond theg sholl mourn [or Him, os one mourns [or his onlg son, ond
sholl he hitter ooer Him, os the hitterness ooer the [irst-horn. (::) 1n thot dog
sholl he o greot mourning in Jerusolem, like the mourning o[ Hodod-rimmon
in the oolleg o[ Megiddo.
Zec 1g:1-z 1n thot dog there sholl he o [ountoin opened to the house o[ Dooid,
ond to the people o[ Jerusolem, [or sin ond [or uncleonness. (z) And it sholl he
in thot dog, sogs YHVH o[ Hosts, 1 uill cut o[[ the nomes o[ the idols out o[ the
lond, ond theg sholl he rememhered no more. And olso 1 uill couse the prophets
ond the uncleon spirit to poss out o[ the lond.
This is not a passage that describes the New Jerusalem because there will be no more tears in
Jerusalem (Rev 21:4). This is a passage in the end time context where YHVH will devour his
enemies who wants to destroy Jerusalem with fire. This is when YHVH will pour on them a Spirit
of Grace and they will “see” the Messiah whom they have pierced and Who died on the stake
(cross) and they will weep and mourn as if they have lost their first born. This is a sign of true
repentance and acceptance of Y’shua as the Messiah and this will be their salvation. He will then
open a fountain to the people of Jerusalem (Jews) for their sin and uncleanness and YHVH will
cleanse them from their idols and false worship practices. This is the day of their Salvation. Why
does YHVH deal with Judah in this way? Because He blinded Judah (Israel that exited in the time
of Y’shua) so that the Gentiles may come in.
Rom 11:¬-S Whot then? 1sroel hos not ohtoined thot uhich it seeks, hut the
election ohtoined it, ond the rest uere hordened (8) eoen os it is uritten,
"Elohim gooe to them o spirit o[ slumher, eges not seeing, ond eors not
heoring" until this dog.
Rom 11:zg 1or 1 do not uont gou to he ignoront o[ this MYSTERY, brothers, lest
uou should be uise uithin uourseltes: thot hlindness in port hos hoppened to 1sroel
(JudohJ, until the [ullness o[ the notions (CentilesJ hos comes in.
What is this Mystery Paul is talking about?
Rom 11:1o-za Ior i[ the [irst[ruit is holu, the lump is clso holu: cnd i[ the root is holu, clso
the brcnches. (:;) And i[ some o[ the hronches uere hroken o[[ (Scottered trihesJ,
ond gou, heing o uild olioe tree (CentilesJ, uere gro[ted in omong them, ond
hecome o shorer o[ the root ond the [otness o[ the olioe tree (Originol
1sroel/JeusJ uith them, (:8) do not hoost ogoinst the hronches. But i[ gou
hoost, it is not gou thot heors the root, hut the root heors gou. (:o) You uill sog
then, The hronches uere hroken o[[ so thot 1 might he gro[ted in. (zo) Well,
hecouse o[ unhelie[ theg uere hroken o[[, ond gou stond hg [oith. Do not he
high-minded, hut [eor. (z:) 1or i[ Elohim did not spore the noturol hronches,
[eor lest He olso mog not spore gou either! (zz) Behold then the kindness, ond
the seoeritg o[ Elohim: on those hooing [ollen, seoeritg: hut on gou, kindness, i[
gou continue in the kindness. Otheruise gou olso uill he cut o[[. (z() And those
olso, i[ theg do not continue in unhelie[, uill he gro[ted in. 1or Elohim is ohle to
gro[t them (scottered 1sroelJ in ogoin. (za) 1or i[ gou uere cut out o[ the
noturol uild olioe tree, ond uere gro[ted controrg to noture into o good olioe
tree: hou much more these heing occording to noture uill he gro[ted into their
Who is the Olive Tree?
Jer 11:1g-1¬ Whot is to Mg helooed in Mg house, since she hos committed her
mong eoils? And hcs the holu [lesh ccused uour etil to pcss [rom uou? Hou then do uou
exult? (:ó) YHVH colled gour nome, o green olioe tree, [oir, uith [ine [ruit. With
the sound o[ o greot storm He hos set [ire to it, ond its hronches ore uorthless.
(:;) And YHVH o[ Hosts uho plonted gou hos spoken eoil ogoinst gou, [or the
eoil o[ the house o[ 1sroel ond o[ the house o[ Judoh, uhich theg hooe done to
themseloes to proooke Me to onger hg o[[ering incense to Bool.
The Olive Tree is the combined House of Israel that consists of
the Two Houses; the House of Judah (Jews) and the House of
Israel/Ephraim (10 scattered Tribes) and the branches were
burned (Jer) or broken off (Rom) because of their iniquity and
unbelief. Paul tells us that the Olive tree is the Original
Israel, the combined Two Houses. This Mystery is the
Gentiles (who includes scattered Israel) can be grafted
into Israel as a whole as part of the restoration of the Two
Houses of physical Israel. The Gentiles are the Wild Olive
tree and they consist of people from the nations and people
from the scattered Israel. They are grafted into physical
original Israel. These broken off branches are easier to graft
back in due to their nature (Hebrew/Torah culture). The
Gentiles are warned not to be high minded and elevate
themselves above Israel that have been broken off so that the Gentiles may be grafted in, and
maybe the fact that they have the revelation of the Messiah. Paul warned that if you do this that
they might be broken off just like the people of Israel who weren’t faithful.
I think this warning applies also to those who think they have replaced the broken off branches or
Israel. If you beliefs this, then you are high mined (arrogant) and you do not understand Scripture,
or you might be misled by false doctrines that crept into the Church. Be very careful how you treat
the Jews who are from the natural branches and whom YHVH will graft back in at His appointed
Jer gg:¬-o And 1 uill couse the coptioitg o[ Judoh ond the coptioitg o[ 1sroel to
return, ond uill huild them, os ot the [irst (restorotionJ. (8) And 1 uill cleonse
them [rom oll their iniquitg hg uhich theg hooe sinned ogoinst Me: ond 1 uill
pordon oll their iniquities hg uhich theg hooe sinned, ond hg uhich theg hooe
tronsgressed ogoinst Me. (o) And it (1SRAELJ sholl he to Me o nome o[ jog, o
proise ond on honor he[ore oll the NAT1ONS o[ the eorth, uhich sholl heor oll
the good thot 1 do to them. And theg (notionsJ sholl [eor ond tremhle [or oll the
goodness ond [or oll the riches thot 1 hring to it (1SRAELJ.
Israel will be a nation that will be the joy of YHVH before all the other nations, confirming the fact
that it is the physical Israel and not the spiritual Israel – it is both Houses combined. Have you
ever thought why YHVH refers to these two groups as separate other than the fact that they were
divided at the time of Solomon’s son? He is speaking about their restoration in the Last Days and
why still use the Two Houses and not one entity like the Church?
Jer go:a-o 1n those dogs, ond ot thot time, sogs YHVH, the sons o[ 1sroel sholl
come, theg ond the sons o[ Judoh together, going ond ueeping. Theg sholl go
ond seek YHVH their Elohim. (=) Theu shcll csl the ucu to Zion uith their [cces there,
scuinq, Come ond let us join ourseloes to YHVH in on eoerlosting cooenont
neoer to he [orgotten. (ó) Mg people hooe heen lost sheep: their shepherds hooe
coused them to go ostrog: theu hcte turned them cucu on the mountcins. Theu hcte
qone [rom mountcin to hill: theg hooe [orgotten their resting ploce.
Eze 11:1o-zo There[ore scu, So scus the Mcster YHVH: Though 1 hooe sent them [or
o[[ omong the notions, ond though 1 scottered them omong the londs, get 1 uill
he to them os o little sonctuorg in the londs uhere theg hod gone. (:;) There[ore
scu, So scus the Mcster YHVH: 1 uill eoen gother gou [rom the people ond ossemhle
gou out o[ the londs, in those uhere gou uere scottered, ond 1 uill gioe gou the
LAND O1 1SRAEL. (:8) And theg sholl come there, ond theg sholl toke ouog oll
its HATE1UL TH1NCS ond oll its ABOM1NAT1ONS [rom it. (:o) And 1 uill gioe
them one heort, ond 1 uill put o neu spirit uithin gou. And 1 uill remooe the
stong heort out o[ their [lesh, ond uill gioe them o heort o[ [lesh, (zoJ so thot
theg mog uolk in Mg STATUTES ond keep Mg ORD1NANCES, ond do them. And
theg sholl he Mg people, ond 1 uill he their Elohim.
Eze g¬:1o-za And gou, son o[ mon, toke o stick ond urite on it, 1or Judoh ond
[or his componions, the sons o[ 1sroel. And toke onother stick ond urite on it,
1or Joseph, the stick o[ Ephroim, ond oll the house o[ 1sroel, his componions.
(:;) And join them to one onother into one stick. And theg sholl hecome one in
gour hond. (:8) And uhen the sons o[ uour people shcll specl to uou, scuinq, Will uou not
declcre to us uhct these mecn to uou? (:o) Scu to them, So scus the Mcster YHVH:
Behold, 1 uill toke the stick o[ Joseph, uhich is in the hond o[ Ephroim, ond the
trihes o[ 1sroel, his componions, ond 1 uill put them uith him, uith the stick o[
Judoh, ond uill moke them one stick, ond theg sholl he one in Mg hond. (zo)
And the sticls on uhich uou urite shcll be in uour hcnd be[ore their eues.
(z:) And scu to them, So scus the Mcster YHVH: ßehold, 1 uill toke the sons o[ 1sroel
[rom omong the notions uhere theg hooe gone, ond uill gother them on eoerg
side, ond uill hring them into THE1R OWN LAND. (zz) And 1 uill moke them
one notion in the lond on the mountoins o[ 1sroel, ond one King sholl he king to
them oll. And theg sholl not still he tuo notions, nor sholl theg he dioided into
tuo kingdoms ong more ot oll. (z() Nor shcll theu be de[iled uith their idols, eten
uith their [ilthu idols, nor uith cll o[ their trcnsqressions. ßut I uill scte them out o[ cll
their duellinq plcces, in them uhere theu sinned, cnd uill clecnse them. And theg sholl he
to Me [or o people, ond 1 uill he to them [or Elohim. (za) And Dooid Mg seroont
sholl he King ooer them. And there sholl he one Shepherd to oll o[ them. And
theg sholl uolk in Mg judgments, ond oheg Mg Lous, ond do them.
He will bring both houses into the Mountains of Israel (physical land) and that is where Y’shua,
the King of Kings, will rule over them as one Shepherd and lead physical Israel in His Judgments
and Statutes and teach them His Torah.
T Th he e P Pr ro om mi is se es s g gi iv ve en n t to o J Ju ud da ah h a an nd d E Ep ph hr ra ai im m b by y J Ja ac co ob b
As we have seen in the Prophesies, Judah are the Jews and Ephraim are the Scattered 10 Tribes
including gentiles. The 10 Tribes were scattered but in YHVH’s wisdom and greater Plan He is in
full control even if we break His Covenant; He allowed them to be scattered but in the same token
use them as a “net” to bring in a great “catch” from among the nations as He pulls the “net” back
in. The sea represent the nations and the scattered 10 Tribes act as the “net”, and as YHVH
restores and call them back, He brings in a great multitude with them. This is in line with the
prophecy made to Ephraim that represents these people who come in through the work of the
Messiah and the Gospel that was spread across the whole world.
Cen ao:1 And Jocoh colled to his sons ond soid, Cother gourseloes together,
thot 1 mog tell gou uhot sholl hoppen to gou in the dogs to come.
Joseph/Ephraim – Believers in Messiah Y’shua:
Cen ao:zz-zo Joseph is o [ruit[ul son, o [ruit[ul son hg o uell, uhose hronches
run ooer the uoll. (z() The orchers hooe sorelg grieoed him, ond shot ot him,
ond on orcher lurks [or him. (zaJ But his hou ohode in strength, ond the orms
o[ his honds uere mode strong hg the honds o[ the mightg Elohim o[ Jocoh
([rom the Shepherd, the Rock o[ 1sroelJ: (z=) hg the Elohim o[ gour [other, uho
sholl help gou. And mog the Almightg hless gou uith hlessings o[ Heooen
ohooe, hlessings o[ the deep thot lies heneoth, hlessings o[ the hreosts ond o[
the uomh. (zó) The hlessings o[ gour [other ore ohooe the hlessings o[ mg
oncestors, to the utmost hound o[ the eoerlosting hills. Theg sholl he on the
heod o[ Joseph, ond on the croun o[ the heod o[ him, the ruler, the leoder o[ his
We see Joseph was split into two tribes, Ephraim and Manasseh. Ephraim means “fruitful,
increase and double blessing” and Manasseh means “forgetfulness, he that is forgotten” and it all
relates to this prophecy given to Joseph who represents the Believers in Messiah. Joseph means
“increase and addition” and we see this meaning in all the blessings spoken over him by Jacob.
People tend to forget that Joseph is a perfect picture of Messiah and the followers of Y’shua walk
in these blessings. One of the blessings is the increase of the breasts and the womb – this
implies multiplication of “new born believers” in the Messiah and it came through spreading the
Good news of Y’shua all across the world. They also receive the “blessing form heaven” that is
the outpouring and receiving of YHVH’s Spirit that helps them to conform to His ways and to
return to His Plan reaching people and bringing the nations in. Archers have grieved him and shot
him; these arrows are words of slander and he has received a lot of rejection from his brother
Judah as well as from the world.
Judah - Jews:
Cen ao:S-1z Judoh, mog gour hrothers proise gou. Mog gour hond he in the
neck o[ gour enemies. Mog gour [other's sons hou he[ore gou. (o) 1udch is c
lion's uhelp. Mu son, uou hcte qone up [rom the preu. He stooped, he crouched lile c lion:
cnd lile c lioness, uho shcll rouse him? (:o) The scepter sholl not deport [rom
Judoh, nor o Lougioer [rom hetueen his [eet, until Shiloh come. And the
ohedience o[ the peoples to him. (::) Binding his [ool to the oine, ond his oss's
colt to the choice oine, he uoshed his gorments in uine, ond his clothes in the
hlood o[ gropes. (:z) His eges sholl he sporkling uith uine, ond his teeth uhite
We see Judah in conflict as described by the praise “your hand is at the neck of your enemies”
and this is true today, as they stand strong against physical conflict and war as they repossessed
the Land of Israel. We also see his garments washed in wine (blood) and his blood was shed for
standing strong in faith as proven in history. (Holocaust & wars). As we all know, Judah or the
Jews are not in the business to bring people into faith and they have received the “job” to guard
the Torah. Judah is the one who keeps and teaches the Law and this scepter (authority) shall not
depart from his hand. His eyes are sparkling with hope and his teeth are white from milk proving
his endurance to stand and speak YHVH’s truth without compromise.
Both these houses have a specific purpose in the end times and we see that Judah is the one
who have guarded the Torah over all these centuries and Joseph/Ephraim brought the nations in
so that the promise made to Abraham can be fulfilled. The one cannot replace the other and both
of them have a divine calling. Replacement Theology ignores these prophecies because the
people do not know the Scripture and pervert it. As the nations come in to fulfill the promise made
to Abraham, so shall the Torah be established in the Last days and be taught from Mt Zion.
1so z:g And MANY PEOPLE (multiplicotion hoppened through
Joseph/EphroimJ sholl go ond sog, Come, ond let us go to the Mountoin o[
YHVH, to the House o[ the Elohim o[ JACOB. And He uill teoch us o[ His WAYS,
ond ue uill WALK in His poths. 1or out o[ Zion sholl go out the TORAH (Lou -
Judoh guorded itJ, ond the Word o[ YHVH [rom Jerusolem.
All of these events lead up to the fulfillment of this Prophecy in Isaiah where there will be a
multitude who will come from Ephraim and they will walk in the Ways of YHVH, His Torah that
Judah (Jews) guarded. Both have a role and both Houses will come together to make this a
reality. The Jews/Judah need Y’shua the Messiah and the “Christians”/Ephraim needs the Torah
they need each other to fulfill YHVH’s Plan.
W Wh hy y I Is s T Th hi is s “ “R Re ep pl la ac ce em me en nt t T Th he eo ol lo og gy y E Er rr ro or r” ” D Da an ng ge er ro ou us s? ?
Is Replacement Theology really worth arguing about? Or is this discussion
much ado about nothing? One reason it’s important to call attention to
questionable theology, no matter how deeply entrenched it may be in
traditional Christianity is that sooner or later, bad theology always leads to
bad practice - and in this case, it already has! Replacement Theology has
provided the basis for all sorts of mischief, persecution, and atrocities against
the Jewish people throughout Christian history.
For example, Martin Luther, the father of the Protestant Reformation, was a
supersessionist. Near the end of his life, he said that synagogues and
Jewish schools should be burned to the ground, Jewish people run out of
their homes, their prayer books and Talmudic writings burned, and the rabbis
forbidden to preach or teach on penalty of death (“On the Jews and Their Lies,” Trans. Martin H.
Bertram, in Luther’s Works [Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1971], pp. 268-271). Luther also
declared that Jewish people in Germany should be confined to their own homes and
neighbourhoods - a plan the Nazis implemented literally when they quarantined Jewish families in
ghettos in Poland and other places before shipping them to the death camps for extermination.
One historian writes: It is difficult to understand the behaviour of most German Protestants in the
first Nazi years unless one is aware of two things: their history and the influence of Martin Luther.
The great founder of Protestantism was both a passionate anti-Semite and a ferocious believer in
absolute obedience to political authority. He wanted Germany rid of the Jews. Luther’s advice
was literally followed four centuries later by Hitler, Goering, and Himmler (William L. Shirer, The
Rise and Fall of the Third Reich [New York: Simon & Shuster, 1960], p. 236).
No one is suggesting that anyone who believes in Replacement Theology is an anti-Semite or
would agree with Luther’s statements. That would be an unfair characterization - and it certainly is
not the case. It is important, nevertheless, to examine the implications and ramifications of any
position, including Replacement Theology: and it is an incontestable fact that ideas similar to
those of Replacement Theology have inspired some horrible atrocities against the Jewish people.
W Wh ha at t H Ha ap pp pe en ns s W Wh he en n t th he e C Ch hu ur rc ch h R Re el la at te es s t to o I Is sr ra ae el l? ?
When the Church chooses to relate to Israel and the Jewish people in YHVH’s eternal plans, the
result is positive:
1) The Church takes its proper role in YHVH’s redemptive plan for the world, appreciating
YHVH’s ongoing covenant relationship and love for Israel and the Jewish people.
2) We can see the consistency of YHVH’s redemptive plan from Genesis to Revelation as
an ongoing complementary process, not as disconnected snapshots.
3) We show love and honor for YHVH’s covenant people, not contempt.
4) We value the Old and New Testaments as equally inspired and significant for the Church
5) Bible prophecy makes sense for today and offers opportunities for involvement in YHVH’s
plan for Israel.
6) We become better disciples of Y’shua as we are able to appreciate the Hebraic/Judaic
roots that fill in the definitions, concepts, words and events in the New Testament that are
otherwise obscured. Why? Many were not explained by the Jewish writers of the New
Testament, because they did not feel the need to fill in all the details that were already
explained in the Old Testament.
Had the Church understood this very clear message from the beginning, then the sad legacy of
anti-Semitic hatred from the Church may have been avoided.
The error of Replacement Theology is like a cancer in the Church that has not only caused it to
violate YHVH’s Word concerning the Jewish people and Israel, but it made us into instruments of
hate, not love in YHVH’s Name. Yet, it is not too late to change our ways and rightly relate to the
Jewish people and Israel today. Not only do we need to learn and do for ourselves, but we need
to teach others so as to counteract the historical error that has been fostered in the Church for
nearly 2,000 years.
Bibliography 1) Gerhard Falk, The Jew in Christian Theology, (MacFarland: Jefferson, NC, 1992). 2)
Leopold Lucas, The Conflict Between Christianity and Judaism, (Aris & Phillips, Warminster, UK: 1993).
3) The New International Study Bible, (The Zondervan Corporation: Grand Rapids, MI, 1985). 4) The New
Scofield Reference Bible, Authorized King James Version, (Oxford University Press: New York, NY, 1967).
5) Keith Parker, Is the Church the “New Israel?”, (Prayer for Israel: Golant, UK). 6) James Parkes, The
Conflict of the Church and the Synagogue, (Atheneum, New York, 1974). 7) David Rausch, The Legacy of
Hatred, (Moody Press: Chicago, IL, 1984) 8) Marcel Simon, Verus Israel, (Oxford University Press: New
York, NY, 1986). 9) Clarence H. Wagner, Jr., Lessons from the Land of the Bible, (Bridges for Peace:
Jerusalem, Israel, 1998). 10) Eds. C. Roth and G. Wigoder, Encyclopedia Judaica, (Keter Publishing
House, Ltd.: Jerusalem, Israel, 1972).