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### Kertas 2 Peraturan Pemarkahan

BAHAGIAN A

 Soalan Cadangan Jawapan Markah 1(a) (i) Current 1 (ii) 0.1 A 1 (b) (i) Ammeter Y more sensitive 1 (ii) Smallest scale division for ammeter Y is smaller 1 4 2(a) Principle of thermal equilibrium 1 (b) (i) To ensure the temperature of steam is at 100 o C 1 (ii) 6.5 cm 1 (c) θ = [(4.5 – 2.5)/6.5] x 100 = 30.8 o C 1+1 5 3(a) To change the voltage/potential difference 1 (b) (i) Transformer P 1 (ii) V o > V i 1 (c) (i) Coil B and C // Coil C and D 1 (ii) N s /120 = ¼ 1 N s = 30 turns 1 6 4(a) (i) Resistance higher than the insulator but lower than a conductor 1 (ii) Depletion layer 1 (iii) As a rectifier / To allow current to flow in one direction 1 (b) (i) T = 4 x 50 µs = 200 µs 1+1 (ii) f = 5000 Hz 1 (iii) Diagram showing one oscillation with 2 squares 1 7 5(a) (i) Upthrust on the ball in Diagram 5.1 is higher 1 (ii) Volume of water displaced by the ball in Diagram 5.1 is higher 1 (iii) Weight of the water displaced by the ball in Diagram 5.1 is higher 1 (b) (i) The bigger the weight of water displaced, the bigger the upthrust 1 (ii) Archimedes’ Principle 1 (c) (i) 8.5 N 1 (ii) V = 8.5/(1000 x 10) 1 = 8.5 x 10 –4 m 3 1 8 6(a) (i) V directly proportional to I 1 (ii) Resistance 1 (iii) Gradient in Diagram 6.2 is higher 1 (iv) Diameter of wire in Diagram 6.2 is smaller 1 (v) Cross sectional area of the wire in Diagram 6.2 is smaller 1 (b) The smaller the cross sectional area, the higher the resistance 1 (c) (i) Gradient decreases 1 (ii) Resistance decreases 1 8
 Soalan Cadangan Jawapan Markah 7(a) (i) Reflected wave correctly drawn 1 Incident angle = reflected angle 1 (ii) same 1 (b) (i) Reflection // echo 1 (ii) High 1 Short wavelength, not easily diffracted 1 High 1 High penetrating power 1 (c) d = (1500 x 5 x 0.5)/2 1 = 1875 m 1 10 8(a) (i) Each ray correct for 1 mark 1+1 Correct formation of image shown 1 (ii) Virtual/Upright/Magnified 1 (iii) P = 1/0.15 1 = 6.67 D 1 (b) (i) f o < u < 2 f o 1 To produce an real and magnified image 1 (ii) P 1 Object can be placed nearer to the microscope 1 (iii) Q 1 Higher power to produce a bigger magnification 1 12

BAHAGIAN B

BAHAGIAN C

Soalan

Markah

11(a)

(i)

Amount of heat required to boil one unit mass of liquid to gas at its boiling point,

1

without change in temperature

(ii)

Heat from the heater transfers to the water

1

Water changes to steam

1

Steam condenses on food

1

Steam transfers high latent heat to food

1

(b)

(i)

E = (0.50)(4200)(100-25)

1

= 157 500 J

1

(ii)

1

m =

# 10

### 6

= 0.1957 kg

1

(iii)

No heat loss to the surrounding

1

(c)

Low

1

As heat insulator// prevent heat loss/ heat gain

1

Low

1

Absorbs less heat from the food // Lower final temperature

1

Low Light Aluminium foil

1

Reflects heat back to the food// help transfer escaped heat back to the food//

1

contains the heat within the cooler bag as long as it remains closed// Metallic

1

material

1

S

1

cooler bag with low thermal conductivity, low specific heat capacity,

1

low density, aluminium foil as inner lining

20

12(a)

A region where a magnetic material experiences magnetic force

1

(b)

(i)

Diagram

2

(ii)

Each side of the coil experiences a magnetic force

1

The forces act in oppostie directionss // A turning force (couple) is exerted on the

1

coil

(c)

(i)

Diagram

2

(ii)

W x = W sin θ

=

0.5 x sin 30 o

1

=

0.25 N

1

(iii)

F = W x

= 0.25 N

1

(iv)

The smaller the speed of the waves, the shorter the wavelength.

1

(d)

(i)

Thin control spring

1

Smaller spring constant // Less stiff

1

(ii)

More number of turns

1

Produce stronger magnetic field

1

(iii)

Concave magnetic pole

1

To produce radial magnetic field // Produce uniform rotation // Linear scale

1

(iv)

Longer pointer

1

Bigger deflection per unit current // Smaller scale divisions

1

S is the most suitable model to be chosen Because consist of thin control spring, more number of turns, using concave

1

magnetic pole and has longer pointer

1

20