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MODUL PENINGKATAN PRESTASI TINGKATAN 5 TAHUN 2014 MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH MALAYSIA (KEDAH) MODUL 2 FIZIK Kertas

MODUL PENINGKATAN PRESTASI TINGKATAN 5 TAHUN 2014 MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH MALAYSIA (KEDAH)

MODUL 2

FIZIK

Kertas 2 Peraturan Pemarkahan

BAHAGIAN A

Soalan

 

Cadangan Jawapan

Markah

1(a)

(i)

Current

 

1

(ii)

0.1

A

1

(b)

(i)

Ammeter Y more sensitive

1

(ii)

Smallest scale division for ammeter Y is smaller

1

   

4

2(a)

Principle of thermal equilibrium

1

(b)

(i)

To ensure the temperature of steam is at 100 o C

1

(ii)

6.5

cm

1

(c)

θ = [(4.5 2.5)/6.5] x 100 = 30.8 o C

1+1

   

5

3(a)

To change the voltage/potential difference

1

(b)

(i)

Transformer P

 

1

(ii)

V o

> V i

1

(c)

(i)

Coil B and C // Coil C and D

1

 

(ii)

N s /120 = ¼

 

1

 

N s = 30 turns

1

   

6

4(a)

(i)

Resistance higher than the insulator but lower than a conductor

1

(ii)

Depletion layer

 

1

(iii)

As a rectifier / To allow current to flow in one direction

1

(b)

(i)

 

T = 4 x 50 µs = 200 µs

1+1

(ii)

f = 5000 Hz

 

1

(iii)

Diagram showing one oscillation with 2 squares

1

   

7

5(a)

(i)

Upthrust on the ball in Diagram 5.1 is higher

1

(ii)

Volume of water displaced by the ball in Diagram 5.1 is higher

1

(iii)

Weight of the water displaced by the ball in Diagram 5.1 is higher

1

(b)

(i)

The bigger the weight of water displaced, the bigger the upthrust

1

(ii)

 

Archimedes’ Principle

1

(c)

(i)

8.5

N

1

(ii)

 
  • V = 8.5/(1000 x 10)

1

 

= 8.5 x 10 4

m 3

1

   

8

6(a)

(i)

  • V directly proportional to I

1

(ii)

Resistance

 

1

(iii)

Gradient in Diagram 6.2 is higher

1

(iv)

Diameter of wire in Diagram 6.2 is smaller

1

(v)

Cross sectional area of the wire in Diagram 6.2 is smaller

1

(b)

The smaller the cross sectional area, the higher the resistance

1

(c)

(i)

 

Gradient decreases

1

(ii)

 

Resistance decreases

1

   

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Soalan

 

Cadangan Jawapan

Markah

7(a)

(i)

Reflected wave correctly drawn

1

 

Incident angle = reflected angle

1

 

(ii)

 

same

1

(b)

(i)

 

Reflection // echo

1

(ii)

High

1

 

Short wavelength, not easily diffracted

1

High

1

High penetrating power

1

(c)

d = (1500 x 5 x 0.5)/2

1

= 1875 m

1

   

10

8(a)

(i)

Each ray correct for 1 mark

1+1

 

Correct formation of image shown

1

 

(ii)

Virtual/Upright/Magnified

1

(iii)

 

P = 1/0.15

1

 

= 6.67 D

1

(b)

(i)

f o

< u < 2 f o

1

 

To produce an real and magnified image

1

 

(ii)

P

1

 

Object can be placed nearer to the microscope

1

 

(iii)

Q

1

 

Higher power to produce a bigger magnification

1

   

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BAHAGIAN B

Soalan

Cadangan Jawapan

Markah

9(a)

Rate of change of velocity

1

(b)

(i)

Acceleration of toy rocket A is larger

1

(ii)

The bigger the acceleration, the bigger the forward force

1

(iii)

Final velocity of toy rocket A is larger

1

(iv)

Change in momentum of toy rocket A is larger

1

(v)

The bigger the final velocity, the bigger the impulse

1

(c)

Impulsive force is inversely proportional to time of impact

1

The contestant bends his legs upon landing

1

Stopping time/time of impact of the constestant increases

1

Impulsive force acting on his legs decreases

1

(d)

(i)

Larger size of the mattress

1

 

So that the athlete could land on the mattress

1

Using thicker mattress

1

So that the mattress can be compressed more upon landing

1

 

(ii)

Higher elasticity of the mattress

1

 

To increase the landing time when the mattress is compressed

1

 

(iii)

Using strong bar // low density bar such as aluminium bar

1

 

Does not break easily // So that it is light

1

 

(iv)

Wearing tight attire

1

 

To reduce air resistance

1

   

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10(a)

The spontaneous disintegration of an unstable nucleus (atom) by emitting radioactive particles // The process by which an unstable nucleus (atom) loses

1

energy by emitting radioactive particles

(b)

The rate of decay is directly proportional to the number of radioactive atoms

1

When the atoms decay they become stable atoms

1

When time increases the number of radioactive atoms decreases

1

This causes the rate of decay to decrease

1

(c)

(i)

The total mass of nuclides before the reactions is more than the total mass after

 
 

the reactions

1

 

(ii)

The mass defect of Reaction 1 is more than the mass defect of Reaction 2.

1

(iii)

Nuclear Reaction 1 produces more nuclear energy.

1

 

The mass defect of Nuclear Reaction 1 is more // The nuclear energy is

1

proportional to the mass defect.

 

(iv)

Einstein’s Equation

1

(d)

(i)

Half-life of few days

1

 

Allow time for the radioisotopes to reach the leakage site // Minimise the contamination of the environment

1

Emit β radiations

1

The radiations can penetrate the soil but not the pipe

1

Easily soluble in water

1

Easy to dissolve the radioisotopes in water

1

 

(ii)

Wear protective clothing / shoes

1

 

To minimise the technician from the exposure to the radiations

1

Wear a radiation badge

1

To monitor the exposure to radiations Attach the detector to a longer rod To minimise the technician from the exposure to the radiations Any two answers

1

   

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BAHAGIAN C

Soalan

 

Cadangan Jawapan

Markah

11(a)

(i)

Amount of heat required to boil one unit mass of liquid to gas at its boiling point,

1

 

without change in temperature

 

(ii)

Heat from the heater transfers to the water

1

 

Water changes to steam

1

Steam condenses on food

1

Steam transfers high latent heat to food

1

(b)

(i)

E = (0.50)(4200)(100-25)

 

1

 

= 157 500 J

1

 

(ii)

 

450

10

3

1

 

m =

2.3

10

6

= 0.1957 kg

 

1

 

(iii)

No heat loss to the surrounding

1

(c)

Low

1

As heat insulator// prevent heat loss/ heat gain

1

Low

1

Absorbs less heat from the food // Lower final temperature

1

Low Light Aluminium foil

1

Reflects heat back to the food// help transfer escaped heat back to the food//

1

contains the heat within the cooler bag as long as it remains closed// Metallic

1

material

1

S

1

cooler bag with low thermal conductivity, low specific heat capacity,

1

low density, aluminium foil as inner lining

   

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12(a)

A region where a magnetic material experiences magnetic force

1

(b)

(i)

Diagram

 

2

(ii)

Each side of the coil experiences a magnetic force

1

 

The forces act in oppostie directionss // A turning force (couple) is exerted on the

1

coil

(c)

(i)

Diagram

 

2

(ii)

W x = W sin θ

   
 

=

0.5 x sin 30 o

1

=

0.25 N

1

 

(iii)

F = W x

   
 

= 0.25 N

 

1

 

(iv)

The smaller the speed of the waves, the shorter the wavelength.

1

(d)

(i)

Thin control spring

 

1

 

Smaller spring constant // Less stiff

1

 

(ii)

More number of turns

 

1

 

Produce stronger magnetic field

1

 

(iii)

Concave magnetic pole

 

1

 

To produce radial magnetic field // Produce uniform rotation // Linear scale

1

 

(iv)

Longer pointer

 

1

 

Bigger deflection per unit current // Smaller scale divisions

1

S is the most suitable model to be chosen Because consist of thin control spring, more number of turns, using concave

1

magnetic pole and has longer pointer

1

   

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