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Chemical Bonding Study Guide

Write the number of protons and electrons for the following atoms and ions:

1. Na atom _____ _____ 2. Na+ ion _______ _____

3. Mg atom _____ _____ 4. Mg+2 ion _____ _____

5. S atom _____ _____ 6. S-2 ion _____ _____

Write the name of the noble gas that is iso-electronic with the following ions:

1. Na+ ____________ 2. Mg+2 ______________ 3. S-2 _______________.

4. Be+2 ______________. 5. Cl - _______________.

Write the electron configuration of the above 5 ions:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Write the Lewis dot structures for the following atoms and ions:

1. Li 2. Na 3. Na+ 4. Mg 5. Mg+2

Fill in the blanks:


1) A negatively charged ion is called an _________. example ______________.

2) A positively charged ion is called a __________. example ____________.

3) An ionic compound whose aqueous solution conducts an electric current is called an___________.

4) The energy required to separate one mole of the ions of an ionic compound is referred to as the
________________________.

5) The simplest ratio of the ions represented in an ionic compound is called a ___________________.

6) A __________________ ion is a one atom ion. Give an example.______________ .

7) The charge of a mono-atomic ion is its __________________.

8) The oxidation number of group 2 elements is ________________.

9) The oxidation number of Group 15 and Group 16 elements is __________ and ___________.
10) An ________________ is a poly-atomic ion composed of an element, usually a non-metal, bonded
to one or more oxygen atoms.

11) Electrons that are free to move around are known as __________________.

12) A _____________ is the attraction of a metallic cation for de-localized electrons.

13) The chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence electrons is a _______________.

14) A ________________ is formed when two or more atoms bond covalently.

15) Sulfur has 3 valence electrons _________.

16) Unequal sharing of electrons results in a ___________ bond.

17)________________ tend to gain electrons.

18) _____________ tend to lose electrons.

True of False:
1) In writing the name of transition elements Roman numerals are used. ________

2) Sulfate has one more oxygen than sulfite. _______

3) Elements in Group 3A or 13 lose their two valence electrons to form an ion with a +2 charge._____.

4) Non-metals form stable electron configuration by gaining electrons. _______.

5) Metals form stable electron configuration by losing electrons________.

6) Covalent compounds are usually soluble in polar solvents. ________.

7) Molecular compounds or covalent compounds are generally composed of 2 non-metals. _______.

8) Ionic bonding occurs between metal and nonmetal _______.

9) Covalent compounds are formed by the transfer of electrons._________.

Choose the Best answer:

1) When the electronegativities of two bonded atoms differ greatly the bond is:
A. Polar covalent. B. Ionic. C. Covalent.

2) The symbol is placed next to which of the following:


A. The less electronegative atom in a polar bond. B. The more electronegative atom in a polar
covalent bond. C. Positive ion. D Nucleus.

3) Unequal sharing of electrons between two bonded atoms always indicates:


A. A non-polar covalent bond. B. An ionic bond. C. Polar covalent bond.

4) How many electrons are shared in a double bond?


A. None. B. 1. C. 2 D. 4.

5) Which of the following compounds contain an ionic bond ?


A) CH4 B) H2O C) CCl4 D) CaO

Underline the word that correctly describes each property in ionic compounds.

1) Melting point: Low High.

2) Boiling point: Low High.

3) Hardness: Hard Soft.

4) Electrical conductivity in the solid state: Good Poor.

5) Electrical conductivity in the liquid state: Good Poor.

Use the electronegativity differences to determine if a bond is Polar, Non-polar or ionic between the
following pairs of atoms:

1) H and S ____________________.

2) C and H ____________________.

3) Na and S ____________________.

4) H and Cl ____________________.

Predict which of the following bonds is most Polar:

A) C - O

B) Si - O

C) C - Cl

D) C - Br