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Liquid Vacuum Ring Pump in
P2O5
Concept
Correction factors
Case Study : Maaden
VRN Design
Ring cooling system
References
Main References
Summary Summary
Liquid Vacuum Ring Pump in
P2O5
Concept
Correction factors
Case Study : Maaden
VRN Design
Ring cooling system
References
Main References
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Liquid Vacuum Pumps in P2O5 process
The liquid ring vacuum pump is the best solution
for vacuum applications where wet or extremly
humid and slightly contaminated gases are
ingested.
For several of these applications, water is the best
media that can be used for the liquid ring
On P2O5 plants, this remains the most usual
solutions for :
Cooling the reactive slurry in Attack tank
- 220mmHg / Tgas 30C
Filtering the slurry on bands filters
- 220 mmHg / Tgas 30C
Concentrating the P2O5 up to 60%
- 60 mmHg / Tgas 30C
VRN pump
Design, manufacturing and selling by EMI
The liquid ring vacuum pump is the best solution
for vacuum applications where wet or extremly
humid and slightly contaminated gases are
ingested.
For several of these applications, water is the best
media that can be used for the liquid ring
On P2O5 plants, this remains the most usual
solutions for :
Cooling the reactive slurry in Attack tank
- 220mmHg / Tgas 30C
Filtering the slurry on bands filters
- 220 mmHg / Tgas 30C
Concentrating the P2O5 up to 60%
- 60 mmHg / Tgas 30C
Liquid Vacuum Pumps : Concept
The vacuum pumps are composed of a
cylindrical casing and of a rotor with
blades of which the centerline is in
eccentric position in relation to the
cylindrical casing. The rotor drives along in
its rotating motion a liquid ring which is
pushed against the wall of the pump casing
by centrifugal force.
The liquid ring pump, while running,
absorbs the heat of compression and
leaves the ingested gas inlet temperature
unchanged (isothermal compression)
In other technology, the heat generated by
compression is transferred to the ingested
gas which exits the pump a higher
temperature
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The liquid ring pump, while running,
absorbs the heat of compression and
leaves the ingested gas inlet temperature
unchanged (isothermal compression)
In other technology, the heat generated by
compression is transferred to the ingested
gas which exits the pump a higher
temperature
Eccentric position of rotor
Regular ring from centrifugal force
Ingested Gas
Shaft
Cylinder
When Temperature is NORMAL
Reduction of flow in LRVP
when water temperature increases
When Temperature is HIGHER
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Flow should be corrected in regard of
Ingested Gas Temperature
Cooling Water Temperature
Amplified visualization of the
sucked gas
at variable temperature
Amplified visualization of the
amount of volume reduction
generated from vapor tension
Drop in suction volume in relation with
Water Ring Temperature
Correction Factors
Suction Volume correction for humidity
saturated Air
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References datas are given for a water liquid ring at 15C and humidity saturated air at 20C
For too small pressure or to high temperature gas, risk of cavitation
( minimal suction pressure for given gas temperature)
Characteristics Curve of VRN Range
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Pump Cooler Vacuum Pump
Contractual Datas :
Vapor Saturated at 33C (82% vol. non
condensables, 18% H2O)
Flow Rate design : 6.3 t/h / 15000 m3/h
Density : 0.42 kg/m3
Molecular Weight : 39.7
Gas to be ingested:
Inlet Pressure : 220 mmHg
Inlet Temperature : 33C
Discharge Pressure : 692 mmHg
Discharge Tempertaure : 44C
Cooling Water:
Process Water at 24C
Study : Maaden Sample
Calculation by considering Air + Water:
As per Boyles law on ideal gas
Water Vapor Pressure at 33C : 37.73 mmHg
Dry Air Pressure : 220 mmHg-37.73 mmHg = 182.27 mmHg:
Specific Volume of air at 33C and under 220 mmHG :
3,613 m3/kg ( density 0.277 kg/m3)
Specific Volume of vapour at 33C and under 220 mmHG :
28.09 m3/kg (density 0.036kg/m3)
Total Mass Flow for 15 000 m3/h :
15000/3.613 + 15000/28.09 = 4 685 kg/h
Density of mixture : 0.313
Molar Weight :
H2O : 18 gr/mol / Air : 28.96 gr/mol
Mweight of mixture with 82% of Air : 26.98 gr/mol
Calculation by considering CO2 + Water:
As per Boyles law on ideal gas
Specific Volume of CO2 at 33C and under 220 mmHG :
2.38 m3/kg ( density 0.42 kg/m3)
Mass Flow : 6 836 kg / h Density : 0.455 - Mw = 39.5 gr/mol
A presence of non condensable gas ( CO2 or H2SiF ) may explain these discrepancies in
calculation
Pump Cooler Vacuum Pump
Contractual Datas :
Vapor Saturated at 33C (82% vol. non
condensables, 18% H2O)
Flow Rate design : 6.3 t/h / 15000 m3/h
Density : 0.42 kg/m3
Molecular Weight : 39.7
Gas to be ingested:
Inlet Pressure : 220 mmHg
Inlet Temperature : 33C
Discharge Pressure : 692 mmHg
Discharge Tempertaure : 44C
Cooling Water:
Process Water at 24C
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Calculation by considering Air + Water:
As per Boyles law on ideal gas
Water Vapor Pressure at 33C : 37.73 mmHg
Dry Air Pressure : 220 mmHg-37.73 mmHg = 182.27 mmHg:
Specific Volume of air at 33C and under 220 mmHG :
3,613 m3/kg ( density 0.277 kg/m3)
Specific Volume of vapour at 33C and under 220 mmHG :
28.09 m3/kg (density 0.036kg/m3)
Total Mass Flow for 15 000 m3/h :
15000/3.613 + 15000/28.09 = 4 685 kg/h
Density of mixture : 0.313
Molar Weight :
H2O : 18 gr/mol / Air : 28.96 gr/mol
Mweight of mixture with 82% of Air : 26.98 gr/mol
Calculation by considering CO2 + Water:
As per Boyles law on ideal gas
Specific Volume of CO2 at 33C and under 220 mmHG :
2.38 m3/kg ( density 0.42 kg/m3)
Mass Flow : 6 836 kg / h Density : 0.455 - Mw = 39.5 gr/mol
A presence of non condensable gas ( CO2 or H2SiF ) may explain these discrepancies in
calculation
Pump Cooler Vacuum Pump
Correction factor for a ring at 15C:
V24/V15 = 0.94
Correction factor for Air at 20C:
V33/V20 = 1.16
Selection with corrected flow of :
13 800 m3/h
Study : Maaden Sample
Pump Cooler Vacuum Pump
Correction factor for a ring at 15C:
V24/V15 = 0.94
Correction factor for Air at 20C:
V33/V20 = 1.16
Selection with corrected flow of :
13 800 m3/h
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VRN 22 N=308 rpm Pabs=320 kw
Cooling Ring Flow : 30 m3/h
for a delta temperature of 10C
VRN : Design
Materials of construction
Cast iron - Steel
FT25 : cylinder / guide plates / headers
GGG40 : impel l er
CK35 steel : shaft
Stainless steel / Duplex materials / Super Duplex
Stainless steel : cylinder / guide plates / impeller
CK35 : shaft (entirely protected)
Materials of construction
Cast iron - Steel
FT25 : cylinder / guide plates / headers
GGG40 : impel l er
CK35 steel : shaft
Stainless steel / Duplex materials / Super Duplex
Stainless steel : cylinder / guide plates / impeller
CK35 : shaft (entirely protected)
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Separator tank and suction manifold in
fiberglass is optional
Other material s are available upon request
PRE40 for High Chloride and HF- contents
PREn=Pitting Resistance Equivalent Number
PREn=%Cr+3.3%Mo+16%Ni
VRN : Design
Transmission with Gear Box
Above 300 Kw
Separator Tank mounted on the pump to reduce
space for installation
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Pulley and V Belt Drive
Up to 300 kw
VRN : Design
Transmission with Gear Box
Above 300 Kw
Separator Tank mounted on the pump to reduce
space for installation
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Pulley and V Belt Drive
Up to 300 kw
VRN : Cooling system. Why ?
LRVP REQUIRES A CONSTANT MAKE-UP LIQUID SUPPLY FOR FOLLOWING REASONS:
1.HEAT GENERATED DURING OPERATION MUST BE EVACUATED
2.SEALING IS ENSURED BY HYDRAULIC BARRIER ON THE PACKING TO PREVENT ANY AIR ENTRY
3. COMPENSATION WITH LIQUID LOSSES CARRIED AWAY WITH SUCKED GAS IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN OPTIMAL RING
THICKNESS OF THE LIQUID RING
THE INJECTED LIQUID ENDS UP WITH GAS AT DISCHARGE OF THE PUMP. PART OF THIS
LIQUID CAN BE RECIRCULATED INTO THE PUMP WITH A RECOVERING SEPARARTOR IS
USED. NEVERTHELESS IT IS POSSIBLE BY ENSURING A MINIMAL COOLING OF THE PUMP
BY INJECTION OF A FRESH WATER OF ABOUT 1.5 L / KW ABSORBED
ACCURACY OR RECIRCULATION AND INJECTION FLOW RATES ARE OF PRIME
IMPORTANCE FOR SMOOTH OPERATION. HIGHER WATER FLOW MAY INVOLVE INCREASE
OF ABSORBED POWER, LOWEST MAY CAUSE AN UNEFFICICENT OPERATION AND A DROP
OF GAS VOLUME SUCTION. DESIGN CRITERIA USED IS 7C TEMPERATURE RISE WHEN
WATER IS PASSING THROUGH THE PUMP
LRVP REQUIRES A CONSTANT MAKE-UP LIQUID SUPPLY FOR FOLLOWING REASONS:
1.HEAT GENERATED DURING OPERATION MUST BE EVACUATED
2.SEALING IS ENSURED BY HYDRAULIC BARRIER ON THE PACKING TO PREVENT ANY AIR ENTRY
3. COMPENSATION WITH LIQUID LOSSES CARRIED AWAY WITH SUCKED GAS IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN OPTIMAL RING
THICKNESS OF THE LIQUID RING
THE INJECTED LIQUID ENDS UP WITH GAS AT DISCHARGE OF THE PUMP. PART OF THIS
LIQUID CAN BE RECIRCULATED INTO THE PUMP WITH A RECOVERING SEPARARTOR IS
USED. NEVERTHELESS IT IS POSSIBLE BY ENSURING A MINIMAL COOLING OF THE PUMP
BY INJECTION OF A FRESH WATER OF ABOUT 1.5 L / KW ABSORBED
ACCURACY OR RECIRCULATION AND INJECTION FLOW RATES ARE OF PRIME
IMPORTANCE FOR SMOOTH OPERATION. HIGHER WATER FLOW MAY INVOLVE INCREASE
OF ABSORBED POWER, LOWEST MAY CAUSE AN UNEFFICICENT OPERATION AND A DROP
OF GAS VOLUME SUCTION. DESIGN CRITERIA USED IS 7C TEMPERATURE RISE WHEN
WATER IS PASSING THROUGH THE PUMP
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VRN : Cooling system 1
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VRN : Cooling system 2
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VRN : Cooling system 3
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VRN : PIPING
MINIMUM INLET
PRESSURE 1.5 bars
IN PUMP
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AIR or VAPOUR EJECTOR
Air Jet Ejector uses the energy available from the
expansion of atmospheric air to the Liquid Ring
Pump inlet pressure to drive the Ejector.
Atmospheric air enters the Ejector and passes
through the nozzle where the pressure energy is
converted into kinetic energy. On leaving the nozzle
at high velocity a region of low pressure is created in
the suction chamber which entrains the process
fluid. The two streams then combine within the
throat of the Ejector before being decelerated in the
outlet cone to recover pressure to suit the Liquid
Ring Pump inlet capability.
Air Jet Ejectors used to extend the operating range
of Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps.
The inlet pressure of a Liquid Ring Pump is limited
to approximately 30 mbar abs because of the vapour
pressure of its seal liquid (usually water). The
addition of an Atmospheric Air Jet Ejector enables
the Liquid Ring Vacuum Pump to operate outside its
cavitation range allowing operation down to nearly 4
mbar abs.
Air Jet Ejector uses the energy available from the
expansion of atmospheric air to the Liquid Ring
Pump inlet pressure to drive the Ejector.
Atmospheric air enters the Ejector and passes
through the nozzle where the pressure energy is
converted into kinetic energy. On leaving the nozzle
at high velocity a region of low pressure is created in
the suction chamber which entrains the process
fluid. The two streams then combine within the
throat of the Ejector before being decelerated in the
outlet cone to recover pressure to suit the Liquid
Ring Pump inlet capability.
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VRN : REFERENCES since 2012
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More than 50 Liquid Vacuum Pumps sold in P2O5 Activity
VRN : REFERENCES above 8 000 m3/h
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