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IJAR 19( 1), 1998; 62-63
Studies on sexual behaviour and seminal quality
characteristics of
Surti butfalo bulls and their interrelationships.
G.N. PUROHIT, BACHCHU SINGH, S.K. \^/AS AND S.B.S. YADAV
All India Coordinated Research Project on Butfaloes
Livestock Research Station, Vallabhnagar,
Udaipur. RAJASTIIAN.
ABSTRACT
Sexual behaviour and semen quality was
studied in four Surti butfalo bulls for a oeriod
of four months. The overall mean values of libioo
score, service behaviour, reaction time, flehmen
response (percent - per ejaculate), dismounting
time, munting stimulus
(percent per ejaculate)
were 76.53t3.12/", 62.24t2.12o,,",
108.6t6.20 seconds, 87.757o. 5.63t0.36
seconds and 59 18% respectively The overall
mean values of semen quality
were semen volume
2.22tO.1 1ml, mass activity +3.48r0.19, sperm
motility 72.45t2.22/o, sperm concentration
941.O2 !28.32 x106 sperms/ml and percent
live sperms 77.O4 t2.08 respectivety. The
analysis of variance showed that the semen
quality characteristics did not differ between the
bulls and between the months studied. Llbido
score was significantly positively
correlated
(P<0.5)
with semen volume, all other correlations
between sexual behaviour and semen quality
parameters were not significant. Semen volume
was also negatively correlated with other semen
qualiV characteristics.
Medium sized buffaloes have remained
the mainstay for many farmers in some parts
of the country. Seminal quality
and sexual
behaviour do show some interrelationships
whrch has been studied forthe medium sized
buffalo bulls and results are
presented
in
this paper.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Four Surti buffalo bulls aged between
3 to 4 years
and belonging to the AICRP
on Buffaloes, Livestock Research Station
Vallabhnagar maintained under identical
conditions were utilized for the present
study. The libido score and service
behaviour of bulls was recorded on the
score card at the time of semen collection
as described by Singh and Panganwkar
(
1989). The reaction time and the time taken
by the bull in dismounting was recorded
by a stop watch. The semen of the bulls
was collecled by using artificial vagina and
the various sexual activities recorded during
collection. The ejaculates were evaluated
for semen quality and
\
physical
characteristics by standard procedures
of
Hermann and Madden
(
1953). The values
of different semen quality
characteristics
were evaluated between the bulls and
between the months by analysis of variance.
The parameters
of semen quality and sexual
behaviour were analyzed tor existence of
correlation between them as
per
standard
statistical procedures
of Snedecor and
Cochran
(1967).
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The overall mean sexual behaviour and
seminal quality
characteristics of Surti
buffalo bulls are presented
in Table 1 which
is self-explanatory. Many parameters
closely
resemble earlier works of Dhami and
Kodagali (1988),
Sharma el al,
(1994)
and others, but vary from a few repofted
findings of Manoj Kumar and Nagpaul
(
1995) and others. The analysis of variance
for seminal quality characteristics showed
nonsignificant differences for comparison
between the 4 buffalo bulls and between
62
r
the four months studied
(July-October)
observed were statistically non-significant
indicating that neither the months nor the except the correlation between libido score
individual bull had any effect on the semen and semen volume which was significant
quality of Surli buffalo bulls. This finding
(P<0.05,tvalue2.72B).Amongstthesemen
closely corroborate with those of Hosmani quality characters a negative correlation
and Basavaiah
(1986).
Results of analysis between semen volume and other semen
of coefficient of correlation between the characters was seen. This is in agreement
sexual behaviour parameters and semen with findings of Dhami and Kodagali
(1988)
quality characteristics are presented in Table in Surli buffalo bulls.
2. All ihe positive and negative correlations
Table
'1.
Overailm mean sexuai behaviour and semen quality charachteristics of Surti buffalo
br.ills.
Sexual Behaviour Mean Value Semen Ouality Mean Value
Libido Score %
Reaction Time Sec.
Service behaviouro/"
Dismounting time Sec
Flehmen Response %
Mounting stimulus
required
76.53t3.12 Semen Volume (ml)
.1
08.6t6.20 Mass activity
62.24t2.12 Spermmotilityo/o
5.63t0.36 SpermConc.(10lmli
87.75 % Live sperms
59.1 8%
z.zzlv. | |
3.48t0.19
72.45t2.22
941.02!28
77.O4!?'O
Table 2: Correlation Table
(r
values)
Coeficient of
Correlation
Semen Mass Sperm Sperm %Live
Volume Activity Motility Conc. Sperms
Libido Score 0.37 0.12 0. 10 0. 13 018
Service Behaviour .-0,025 -0.084 -0 064 -0.0 15 0.030
Reaction Time -0.221
0.043 0.0 10 -0. 1 17 -0.068
REFERENCES
Dhami, A.J. and Kodagali, S.B
(1988)
Seminal charachterrstics and their interrelationships in Surti butfalo. Indian
Vet. J. 65
(1).
61-64.
Hafez, E.S.E (1987): Reproduction in farm animals. Lea & Febriger, Philadelphia, U.S,A.
Hermann, H.A. and Madden, EW
(1953)
The artificial insemination of dairy cattle. A Hand book laboratory
manual. Lucas brothers, Columbia, Missourri. U.S.A.
Hosmani, S.V. and Basavaiah, P.
(1986)
Effect of seasonal variations on frozen semen
production of surti
buffalo bulls. Indian J Ani. Reprod., 7(2). 22-25.
Manojkumar and Nagpaul, P.K. (1995) Assessment of sexual behaviour rn Sahiwal and Murrah bull. lndan
J. Anim. Reprod. Magt., / 1(4) 217-221 .
Sharma, R. K., Pangaonker, G.R., Verma, HK. and Mehar Singh
(1994) Physico--biochemical practice of semen
in relation to libido and service behaviour in buffalo bull. Indian J. Anim. Reprod., 15(1).60-62.
Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, WG
(1967)
Statistical methods.6th ed. Oxford and lHB. Publishrng Co. New
Delhi.