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PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

BIOLOGY 4551 | MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 2014 1



SECTION A
[60 marks]
Answer all the questions
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini


1. Diagram 1.1 shows the structure of animal cell
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan struktur sel haiwan


Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1

(a) On Diagram 1.1, label X and Y.
Pada Rajah 1.1, labelkan X dan Y
[1marks]
(b) Explain one characteristic of Y related to cell division.
Terangkan satu ciri Y berkaitan dengan pembahagian sel.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
[2marks]
Y :
X :
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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(c) Explain the function of X in cell division.
Terangkan fungsi X dalam pembahagian sel.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
[2marks]

(d) Diagram 1.2 shows stage of cell division in somatic cell of human.
Draw another two stage in that cell division in the box given.
Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan peringkat pembahagian sel dalam sel soma manusia.
Lukiskan dua peringkat dalam pembahagian sel tersebut dalam petak yang diberi.























[2marks]

Diagram 1.2
Rajah 1.2

(a) (b)
(c) (d)

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(e) If spindle fibre is not form in Diagram 1.2 (d), explain the effect on the number of
chromosome in the daughter cell.
Jika gentian gelendong tidak terbentuk dalam Rajah 1.2 (d), terangkan kesan ke atas
bilangan kromosom dalam sel anak.

.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
(f) Explain how the cell division above can be used to increase the number of given
example of the plant in the farm.
Terangkan bagaimanakah pembahagian sel di atas dapat digunakan untuk
meningkatkan bilangan tumbuhan yang dinamakan dalam ladang.

.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
[3 marks]


PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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2.(a) Diagram 2.1 shows the shape of red blood cells after being immersed for 30 minutes
in three solutions with different concentration.
Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan bentuk sel darah merah selepas direndam selama 30 minit
dalam tiga larutan yang berbeza kepekatannya.













Based on the Diagram 2.1
Berdasarkan Rajah 2.1
(i) State the condition of the red blood cells after being immersed in solution :
Nyatakan keadaan sel darah merah selepas direndam di dalam larutan :

P : ............................................................................................................................
Q : ..........................................................................................................................
[2 marks]




Diagram 2.1
Red blood cells in Q solution
Sel darah merah dalam larutan Q

Red blood cells in P solution
Sel darah merah dalam larutan P

Red blood cells in R solution
Sel darah merah dalam larutan R


PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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(ii) Name the type of solution R in which the red blood cells are immersed.
Namakan jenis larutan R yang mana sel darah merah direndam.

..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(iii) Explain your answers given in a(ii)
Terangkan jawapan yang anda berikan di a(ii)

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[3 marks]

(b)





Based on the statement, explain why vinegar is suitable to be used as the natural
preservative for the preservation of garlic.
Berdasarkan pernyataan di atas, terangkan mengapa cuka adalah sesuai digunakan
sebagai pengawet semulajadi untuk bawang putih.

.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
[3 marks]



Food such as mushrooms, fruits, vegetables and fish can be preserved longer
by using natural preservatives such as salt, sugar and vinegar.

Makanan seperti cendawan, buah-buahan, sayur-sayuran dan ikan boleh
diawet untuk tahan lama menggunakan bahan-bahan pengawet semulajadi
seperti garam,gula dan cuka.

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(c) Diagram 2.2 shows the condition of herbaceous plant due to water shortage in soil.
Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan keadaan pokok herba disebabkan oleh kekurangan air
dalam tanah.















Explain the condition of the plant in Diagram 2.2 after one week.
Terangkan keadaan pokok dalam Rajah 2.2 selepas satu minggu.

..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
[3 marks]


Water shortage after one week
Kekurangan air selepas satu minggu
Diagram 2.2
Rajah 2.2
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4. Diagram 4.1 shows the process of phagocytosis as second line of defence to destroy
the bacteria.
Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan proses fagositosis sebagai barisan pertahanan kedua untuk
memusnahkan bakteria.

Stage 1 Stage 2
Peringkat 1 Peringkat 2









Stage 4 Stage 3
Peringkat 4 Peringkat 3

Diagram 4.1
Rajah 4.1

(a) (i) Name cell M involved in mechanism above.
Namakan sel M yang terlibat dalam mekanisma di atas.

..........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii) Draw a diagram in stage 3
Lukis rajah dalam peringkat 3.


M

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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(b) Explain the function of lisosome in mechanism above
Terangkan peranan lisosom dalam mekanisma di atas

.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................

[2 mark]

(c) Explain what happen in stage 2.
Terangkan apa yang berlaku dalam peringkat 2.

.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................

[2 mark]

(d) How the action of M to pathogen is different to lymphocyte?
Bagaimanakah tindakan M terhadap patogen adalah berbeza dengan limfosit?

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..
[2 marks]

(e) Diagram 4.2 show a type of immunity occurs in human.
Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan satu jenis keimunan yang berlaku dalam manusia.





PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

BIOLOGY 4551 | MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 2014 9
















Diagram 4.2 / Rajah 4.2

(i) Name the type of immunity shows in the Diagram 4.2.
Namakan jenis keimunan yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 4.2.

..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(ii) Name the second injection and why the person should take second injection?
Namakan suntikan kedua dan mengapa individu ini perlu mengambil suntikan
kedua?

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(f) The above immunity is example of third line of defence. What make it different to the
second line of defence?
Keimunan di atas merupakan contoh barisan pertahanan ketiga. Apakah yang
menjadikannya berbeza dengan barisan pertahanan ke dua?
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

BIOLOGY 4551 | MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 2014 10

Q
5. Diagram 5.1 shows the stages of the ovarian cycle in human ovary
Diagram 5.2 shows the thickness of the endometrium of uterus before the fertilisation in
the second menstrual cycle.
Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan peringkat kitaran ovary dalam ovari manusia.
Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan ketebalan endometrium dalam uterus sebelum berlaku
persenyawaan dalam kitar haid yang kedua.















Diagram 5.1 /Rajah 5.1












Diagram 5.2
Rajah 5.2

Y
P
Secondary follicle
Folikel sekunder


Secondary oocyte
Oosit sekunder
X
Q
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

BIOLOGY 4551 | MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 2014 11

a) (i) Describe the change in the structure of follicle P into a secondary follicle.
Terangkan perubahan struktur folikel P sehingga pembentukan folikel sekunder.

...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
(ii) Relate the change in (a)(i) to the thickness of the endometrium
Hubungkan perubahan dalam (a) (i) dengan ketebalan endometrium

..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
b) Explain the process that occurs at X.
Terangkan proses yang berlaku pada X.

.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

c) Explain the effect of the change of structure Q to the thickness of the endometrium.
Terangkan kesan perubahan struktur Q ke atas ketebalan dinding endometrium.

.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
d) (i) Fertilisation takes place in the second menstrual cycle.
Complete the graph in Diagram 5.2 to show the changes in the thickness of the
endometrium after point Y
Persenyawaan berlaku dalam kitar haid yang kedua.
Lengkapkan graf dalam Rajah 5.2 untuk menunjukkan perubahan ketebalan
endometrium selepas titik Y
[1 mark]
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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(ii) Explain your answer in (d)(i).
Terangkan jawapan anda dalam (d)(i).

..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

e) (i) State the changes in the thickness of the endometrium after point Y relating to the
secretion of hormones secreted by the ovary.
Terangkan hubungan perubahan ketebalan endometrium selepas titik Y dengan
perembesan hormon oleh ovari.

...................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(ii) State the importance of thickened endometrium to the continuity of life
Nyatakan kepentingan ketebalan endometrium dalam kesinambungan hidupan

..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]




PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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SECTION B
[40 marks]
Answer any two questions from this section.
Jawab mana-mana dua soalan daripada bahagian ini.


6. Diagram 6.1 shows the growth and development process at the shoot tip.
Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan proses pertumbuhan dan perkembangan pada hujung pucuk.




















Diagram 6.1/ Rajah 6.1

a) Explain the process of primary growth that shown in Diagram 6.1
Terangkan proses pertumbuhan primer yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 6.1
[8 marks]

b) Explain the importance of primary growth to plant.
Terangkan kepentingan pertumbuhan primer kepada tumbuhan
[4 marks]



PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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c) Diagram 6.2 shown the tropism respond at shoot tip and root tip.
Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan gerakbalas tropisme pada hujung pucuk dan hujung akar.


Diagram 6.2

Based on diagram 6.2 explain how the tropism response occurred.
Berdasarkan rajah 6.2 terangkan bagaimana gerakbalas tropisme berlaku.
[8 marks]


7. (a) Explain the interaction based on Diagram 7.1
Terangkan interaksi berdasarkan Rajah 7.1

Diagram 7.1
Rajah 7.1
[4marks]

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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(b) Diagram 7.2 shows mechanism of photosynthesis in plant. Explain why the product
from light reaction need for dark reaction.
Rajah 7.2 menunjukkan mekanisma fotosintesis dalam tumbuhan. Terangkan
Mengapa produk dari tindak balas cahaya diperlukan untuk tindakbalas gelap.



[6marks]

(c) Diagram 7.3 shows the condition of the town.
Rajah 7.3 menunjukkan sebuah bandar.

Diagram 7.3
Rajah 7.3
Diagram 7.2
Rajah 7.2

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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(i) Discuss the effect of air pollution may occur in the town.
Bincangkan kesan pencemaran udara yang mungkin berlaku dalam bandar.
[6 marks]

(ii) If you are an environmental activist, suggest how you would explain to the
government about the measures needed to overcome the pollution.
Jika anda seorang aktivis alam sekitar, cadangkan bagaimana anda akan
menjelaskan kepada kerajaan mengenai langkah-langkah yang diperlukan untuk
mengatasi pencemaran.
[4 marks]


8. (a) Diagram 8.1 shows three types of neurons.
Rajah 8.1 menunjukkan tiga jenis neuron.






Diagram 8.1
Rajah 8.1


Name types of neurone P, Q and R and state two differences between the structure
of neurone P and neurone Q
Namakan jenis neuron P, Q dan R dan nyatakan dua perbezaan di antara struktur
bagi neuron P dan neuron Q
[4 marks]





Neurone P
Neuron P
Neurone Q
Neuron Q
Neurone R
Neuron R
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(b) Diagram 8.2 shows the transmission of a nerve impulse from neurone P to neurone
R.
Rajah 8.2 menunjukkan pemindahan impuls saraf dari neuron P ke neuron R.















Diagram 8.2 /Rajah 8.2
Explain the transmission of a nerve impulse from neurone P to neurone R
Terangkan pemindahan impuls saraf dari neuron P ke neuron R
[6 marks]

(c) Diagram 8.3a shows example of voluntary action and Diagram 8.3b shows example
of involuntary action. By using pathway of transmission of information from receptors
to effectors, explain similarities and difference between voluntary action and
involuntary action.
Rajah 8.3a menunjukkan contoh tindakan terkawal dan Rajah 8.3b menunjukkan
contoh tindakan luar kawal. Dengan menggunakan laluan pemindahan maklumat
dari reseptor kepada efektor, terangkan persamaan dan perbezaan tindakan
terkawal dan tindakan luar kawal.









Diagram 8.3a Diagram 8.3b
[10 mark]

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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9. (a) Diagram 9.1 and 9.2 shows the histogram about distribution of genetic variation in
human.
Rajah 9.1 dan 9.2 menunjukkan histogram mengenai taburan variasi genetik dalam
manusia.










Diagram 9.1 Diagram 9.2

(i) With a suitable example, explain the differences of two kinds of variation.
Dengan menggunakan contoh yang sesuai, terangkan perbezaan di antara kedua-
dua variasi tersebut.
[7 marks]

(ii) What is the importance of variation to organism?
Apakah kepentingan variasi kepada organisma?
[3 marks]





PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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(b) Diagram 9.3a, 9.3b and 9.3c shows the genetic factors that affected on the variation
of organism.
Rajah 9.3a, 9.3b dan 9.3c menunjukkan faktor-faktor genetik yang memberi kesan
ke atas variasi pada organisma.


Diagram 9.3a









Diagram 9.3b Diagram 9.3b

Explain how these factors in the diagram above will cause the variation among the
organism.
Terangkan bagaimana faktor-faktor dalam rajah di atas akan menyebabkan variasi di
kalangan organisma.
[10 marks]
END OF QUESTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT
Combination 4
Gabungan4
Combination 1
Gabungan 1
Combination 2
Gabungan2
Combination 3
Gabungan3
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

BIOLOGY 4551 | MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 2014 | 1

SECTION A
[60 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
Jawab semua soalan di bahagian ini



1. Diagram 1 shows a microscopic structure of a part of pancreatic cell.
Rajah 1 menunjukan struktur mikroskopik sebahagian sel pancreas.






(a) (i) Name the organelle K and organelle L
Namakan organel K dan organel L.

K : ..
L : ..
[2 marks]


(ii) Explain how the organelle K and organelle L are interrelated in their function
Terangkan bagaimana organel K dan organel L adalah saling berkaitan dari
segi fungsi mereka.



[2 marks]


Diagram 1
Rajah 1
Note
Catatan
PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM 2014

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(b) (i) Name one chemical substance in the structure R which is involved in the
synthesis of protein in a cell.
Namakan satu bahan kimia dalam struktur R yang terlibat dalam sintesis
protein dalam suatu sel.
.
[1 marks]


(ii) Draw the structure of the chemical compound in (b)(i) in the blank space below.
Lukis struktur bahan kimia dalam (b)(i) dalam ruang kosong di bawah.













[2 marks]


(c) (i) Based on the diagram, describe the synthesis of a specific pancreatic hormone
in the cell.
Berdasarkan gambarajah itu, huraikan bagaimana suatu hormon tertentu
disintesiskan dalam sel itu.
..
..
..
..
[3 marks]

(ii) The structure R in Diagram 1 undergoes some changes due to exposure to
radioactive rays. Explain the possible effect to the synthesis of the hormone.
Struktur R dalam Rajah 1 mengalami perubahan akibat pendedahan kepada
sinaran radioaktif. Terangkan kemungkinan kesannya ke atas sintesis hormon
itu.
..

[2 marks]


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2. Diagram 2.1 shows two individual, P and Q in two different situations. P is in a vigorous
activity while Q is at rest. Processes of R and S occur in a human muscle cell.
Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan dua individu, P dan Q dalam dua situasi yang berbeza. P sedang
melakukan satu aktiviti cergas manakala Q berada dalam keadaan rehat. Proses R dan S
berlaku dalam satu sel otot manusia.


















Diagram 2.1 / Rajah 2.1

(a) Based on Diagram 2.1, name the processes R and S.
Berdasarkan Rajah 2.1, namakan proses R dan S.
Process R/ Proses R : .

Process S/ Proses S :
[2 marks]

(b) Write the equation of process S.
Tuliskan persamaan bagi proses S.

[1 marks]

(c)









State two differences between process R and process S.
Nyatakan dua perbezaan di antara proses R dan proses S.
Process R Process S


[2 marks]



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(d)



















Diagram 2.2(a) shows fish respiratory structure and Diagram 2.2(b) shows human
respiratory structure.
Rajah 2.2(a) menunjukkan struktur respirasi ikan dan Rajah 2.2(b) menunjukkan
struktur respirasi manusia.









(i) What is X? / Apakah X?
..
[1 mark]

(ii) Structure X has adaptation for efficiency gases exchange in fish.
Explain one adaptation of X.
Struktur X mempunyai penyesuaian untuk pertukaran gas yang cekap pada ikan.
Terangkan satu penyesuaian pada X.
..
..
[2 marks]

(e) A man is a heavy smoker.
Explain how this habit affect the efficiency of gases exchange on the respiratory
structure in Diagram 2.2(b).
Seorang lelaki adalah seorang perokok tegar.
Terangkan bagaimana tabiat ini mempengaruhi kecekapan pertukaran gas pada
struktur respirasi dalam Diagram 2.2(b).
..

..
.
[4 marks]

Diagram 2.2(a)
Rajah 2.2(a)
Diagram 2.2(b)
Rajah 2.2(b)
X
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3. Diagram 3.1 shows the sequence of hydrolysis of starch to molecules P and molecule Q by
enzymes.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan urutan hidrolisis kanji kepada molekul P dan molekul Q oleh
enzim.























(a) (i) Complete Table 3.1.
Lengkapkan Jadual 3.1



Molecule
Molekul
Name of
molecule
Nama
molekul
Name the enzyme involved
in hydrolysis
Namakan enzim yang
terlibat dalam hidrolisis
P

Q



[4 marks]


(ii) Based on your biological knowledge, explain the effect of consuming food that
contain excessive of starch on health.
Berdasarkan pengetahuan biologi anda, terangkan kesan pengambilan
makanan yang mengandungi kanji berlebihan ke atas kesihatan.
.
.
[2 marks]

Enzyme
Enzim
Starch
Kanji
+ water
air

+ water
air

Molecule P
Molekul P
Enzyme
Enzim
Molecule Q
Molekul Q
Diagram 3 /Rajah 3
Table 3.1/Jadual 3.1
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(b) Table 3.2 shows the energy value and nutrient content in a few types of food taken by
student.
Jadual 3.2 menunjukkan nilai tenaga dan kandungan nutrien di dalam beberapa jenis
makanan yang diambil oleh seorang pelajar.

Food
Makanan
(/100g)
Energy
Tenaga
(kJ)
Carbohydrate
Karbohidrat
(g)
Fats
Lemak
(g)
Protein
Protein
(g)
Vitamin C
Vitamin C
(g)
Rice
Nasi
1530 86.8 1.0 6.4 0.0
Fish
Ikan
320 0.0 0.5 17.5 0.0
Egg
Telur
612 0.0 10.9 12.4 0.0
Orange
Oren
150 8.5 0.0 0.8 50


(i) Based on Table 3.2, which type of food supplies the most energy?
Berdasarkan Jadual 3.2, jenis makanan manakah yang membekalkan paling
banyak tenaga?
..
[1 mark]

(ii) Which type of food should be taken regularly to prevent scurvy?
Jenis makanan manakah yang perlu kerap diambil untuk mengelakkan penyakit
skurvi?

[1 mark]

(iii) Calculate the amount of energy obtained by the student if he eats a meal which
contain 200g rice and 150g fish.
Kirakan jumlah tenaga yang diperolehi oleh pelajar tersebut jika dia mengambil
200 g nasi dan 150 g ikan.






[3 marks]

(c) Why does an egg produces double amount of energy compared to a fish?
Mengapakah sebiji telur menghasilkan jumlah tenaga dua kali ganda berbanding
seekor ikan?


[1 mark]

Table 3.2 /Jadual 3.2
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4.


























Diagram 4.1 shows a longitudinal section of the reproductive parts of a flower during
fertilization.
Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan keratan memanjang bahagian pembiakan bunga semasa
persenyawaan.



















(a) (i) In Diagram 4.1, label P,Q, R and S
Pada Rajah 4.1, labelkan P, Q, R dan S
[2 marks]

(ii) In the space below, draw a section through the ovule showing all the cells in S.
Label the cells involved in fertilization.
Dalam ruang di bawah , lukiskan keratan melalui ovul menunjukkan semua sel-
sel dalam S. Labelkan sel-sel yang terlibat dalam persenyawaan










[2 marks]

Diagram 4.1
Rajah 4.1
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(iii) Describe the fertilization process that occurs.
Huraikan proses persenyawaan yang berlaku .
..
..
[2marks]

(b) (i) In Diagram 4.1, the structure Y has to be kept dormant for future research
purposes.
Explain how Y can be prevented from germinating.
Dalam Rajah 4.1, struktur Y perlu disimpan tidak aktif untuk tujuan penyelidikan
pada masa hadapan.
Terangkan bagaimana Y boleh dihalang daripada bercambah.
.

[2 marks]

(ii) Suggest one method to stimulate the germination of Y
Cadangkan satu kaedah untuk merangsang percambahan Y.
.
[1mark]

(e)


















Diagram 4.2 shows a watermelon with seed and watermelon without seed.
Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan buah tembikai dengan biji dan buah tembikai tanpa biji.










Nowadays, it is more easier to find seedless watermelon in market. Shoppers also can
find varieties of seedless oranges, grapes, and cucumbers.
Explain how to produce varieties of fruits without seed.
Pada masa kini, adalah lebih mudah untuk mencari tembikai tanpa biji di pasaran.
Pembeli juga boleh mendapatkan buah limau , anggur dan timun tanpa biji.
Terangkan bagaimana untuk menghasilkan buah tanpa biji .
..
..
.
[3marks]

Diagram 4.2/ Rajah 4.2
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5 Diagram 5.1 shows a uriniferous tubule and its associated blood vessels.
Diagram 5.2 shows cells from structure P as seen through an electron microscope.
Gambarajah 5.1 menunjukkan tubul uriniferus dan salur darah yang berkaitan.
Gambarajah 5.2 menunjukkan sel dari struktur P seperti yang dilihat di bawah mikroskop
elektron.




















(a) State the difference in the urea composition between the blood vessel X and Y.
Nyatakan perbezaan kandungan urea antara salur darah X dan Y.
..........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]



Diagram 5.2 / Rajah 5.2
Diagram 5.1
Rajah 5.1
Y
P
X
Q
Blood
Darah
Blood
Darah
Blood vessel
Salur darah
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(b) Based on the Diagram 5.2 explain how the cells are structured for reabsorption of
substances.
Berdasarkan Rajah 5.2, terangkan bagaimana sel distrukturkan untuk penyerapan
semula bahan.
..........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(c)








Table 5.1 shows the concentration of certain substances found in structure Q.
Jadual 5.1 menunjukkan kepekatan beberapa bahan yang terdapat di dalam struktur
Q.
Substances
Bahan
Water
Air
Protein
Protein
Glucose
Glukosa
Urea
Urea

Salts
Garam


Concentration
Kepekatan
(%)

95.0 0.00 0.00 2.00 1.50


Explain how the concentration of the substances present in Q would change after
eating meat and eggs.
Terangkan bagaimana kepekatan bahan-bahan yang terdapat dalam Q akan berubah
selepas memakan daging dan telur.
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
[3 marks]









Table 5.1 / Jadual 5.1
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(d) Diagram 5.2 shows the flow of blood and dialysis fluid through a dialysis machine.
Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan aliran darah dan bendalir dialisis melalui suatu mesin dialisis.










DIAGRAM 5.2/ RAJAH 5.2
Tube P contain more nitrogenous waste compared to tube Q. Explain why.
Tiub P mengandungi banyak bahan kumuh bernitrogen berbanding tiub Q.
Terangkan mengapa.

....................
........................
.......................
........................
[3 marks]
(e) Explain the importance of kidney in maintaining human health.
Terangkan kepentingan ginjal dalam mengekalkan kesihatan manusia.
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
[3 marks]



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Section B
Bahagian B
[40 markah]
Answer all question from this section
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

6(a) Diagram 6.1 shows a forearm of humans.
Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan lengan atas manusia.




















A joint is the location at which bones connect. They are constructed to allow
movement and provide mechanical support.
Explain the similarity and difference between joint S and T?

Sendi adalah tempat di mana tulang-tulang bertemu. Sendi dibina untuk membolehkan
pergerakan dan memberikan sokongan mekanikal.
Terangkan persamaan dan perbezaan antara sendi S dan T?
[6 marks/6 markah]
Joint S
Sendi S
Joint T
Sendi T
Diagram 6.1
Rajah 6.1
Joint S
Sendi S
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(b)












Based on your biological knowledge, discuss the statement above.
Dengan menggunakan pengetahuan biologi anda, bincangkan pernyataan di atas.
[6 marks/6 markah]

(c) Diagram 6.2 show an earthworm and structure in its body.
Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan seekor cacing tanah dan struktur pada badannya.


Explain how the structure in the earthworm involve in their movement .
Terangkan bagaimana struktur pada cacing tanah terlibat dengan pergerakannya.
[4 marks/4 markah]
(d) Diagram 6.3 shows flight muscle of a bird.
Rajah 6.3 menunjukkan otot penerbangan seekor burung.






Explain the effect to locomotion of bird if structure W is torn.
Terangkan kesan terhadap pergerakan burung jika stuktur W terkoyak.
[4 marks/4 mark]
A man has swollen ankle and is painful during movement after having a
habit of taking high protein diet and practicing unhealthy lifestyle.
Seorang lelaki mengalami bengkak pada buku lali dan berasa sakit ketika
bergerak setelah mengamalkan pengambilan diet yang tinggi kandungan
yang protein dan tidak mengamalkan gaya hidup sihat.
Diagram 6.2/ Rajah 6.2
Diagram 6.3
Rajah 6.3
W
Pectoralis minor muscle
Otot pektoralis minor
Humerus /Humerus
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7. Diagram 7.1 shows part of the blood circulatory system and the lymphatic system in
the human body.
Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan sebahagian sistem peredaran darah dan sistem limfa dalam badan
manusia.

Diagram 7.1 /Rajah 7.1
(i) Explain the differences between the composition of fluid P and fluid Q
Terangkan perbezaan antara komposisi bendalir P dan bendalir Q.
[4 marks]/[4 markah]
(ii) Describe how the fluid Q is formed from blood until it is incorporated back into the
blood circulatory system.
Huraikan bagaimana bendalir Q terbentuk daripada darah sehingga bendalir
tersebut masuk semula ke dalam sistem peredaran darah.
[6 marks]/[6 markah]

(c) (i) Describe how are lacteals in the villi related with the lymphatic system?
Huraikan bagaimana lakteal di dalam vilus dapat dikaitkan dengan sistem limfa?
[4 marks]/[4 markah]

(ii) Helmie takes fried chicken at lunch.
Explain the absorption and assimilation process of lipid content in the fried chicken.
Helmie mengambil ayam goreng semasa makan tengah hari.
Huraikan proses penyerapan dan asimilasi lemak yang terkandung dalam ayam
goreng tersebut.
[6 marks]
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8.(a) Diagram 8.1 shows the process of colonisation and succession in a habitat.
Rajah 8.1 menunjukkan proses pengkolonian dan penyesaran dalam suatu habitat.



















Diagram 8.1
What is meant by "colonisation and succession in a habitat?
Based on Diagram 8.1 .explain how colonisation and succession bring about the formation of the
primary forest.
[10 marks]
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan "pengkolonian dan penyesaran dalam suatu habitat"?
Berdasarkan Rajah 8.1, terangkan bagaimana pengkolonian dan penyesaran membawa kepada
pembentukan hutan primer dalam suatu habitat.
[ 10 markah]




Rhizophora sp
Sonneratia sp
Bruguiera sp
Low
tidal
High tidal
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(b) Diagram 8.2 shows sources of greenhouse gases arising from human activities and natural
processes.
Rajah 8.2 menunjukkan sumber-sumber gas rumah hijau yang dihasilkan daripada
aktiviti manusia dan proses-proses semula jadi.

Diagram 8.2 Rajah 8.2
Based on Diagram 8.2, explain the green house effect and global warming as a result of
human activities.
Berdasarkan Rajah 8.2, terangkan kesan rumah hijau dan pemanasan global akibat aktiviti-
aktiviti manusia.
[5 marks].
(c) Diagram 8.3 shows the emission of gases from factories.
Rajah 8.3 menunjukkan pelepasan gas daripada kilang.












Explain the effects of the emission of the gases to the ecosystem.
Terangkan kesan pembebasan gas tersebut kepada ekosistem.
[5 marks]
Diagram 8.3 /Rajah 8.3
Nitrogen oxide (NO) ,sulphur dioxide (SO
2
)
Nitrogen oksida(NO), sulfur dioksida (SO
2
)


Pond
Kolam
Forest
Hutan
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9.(a) Diabetics do not correctly produce or use their insulin hormone. The insulin hormone
helps control how much sugar is in your bloodstream. Millions of diabetics need to take
insulin. Insulin from cows and pigs has been used since the early 1900s to treat diabetes.
Now human insulin hormone can be mass-produced through genetic engineering
processes.
Pesakit kencing manis tidak dapat menghasilkan atau menggunakan insulin dengan
betul. Hormon insulin membantu mengawal kandungan gula dalam aliran darah .
Berjuta-juta pesakit kencing manis perlu mengambil insulin. Insulin daripada lembu dan
babi telah digunakan sejak awal 1900-an untuk merawat penyakit kencing manis.
Sekarang hormon insulin manusia boleh dihasilkan secara besar-besaran melalui
proses kejuruteraan genetik.
Diagram 9.1 shows a few stage that involves in the production of insulin hormone through
genetic engineering technology.
Rajah 9.1 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada peringkat yang terlibat dalam proses
penghasilan hormon insulin melalui teknologi kejuruteraan genetik.


By using your knowledge, explain how this technology can be used in insulin hormone
production.
Berdasarkan pengetahuan biologi anda huraikan bagaimana teknologi ini dijalankan bagi
menghasilkan hormon insulin.
[6 marks/ 6 markah]
Diagram 9.1 /Rajah 9.1
Insulin
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(b) Genetic engineering (GE) is the manipulation of genetic material (DNA or genes) in a
cell or an organism in order to produce desired characteristics and to eliminate
unwanted ones. GE includes a range of different techniques with many different uses,
and can be applied to plants, animals and humans.
For example, the genetic modification of food is a form of GE that involves manipulating
the cells of plants.
Kejuruteraan genetik (GE) adalah manipulasi bahan genetik (DNA atau gen) di dalam
sel atau organisma untuk menghasilkan ciri-ciri yang dikehendaki dan untuk
menghapuskan organisma yang tidak diingini. GE termasuk pelbagai teknik yang
berbeza dengan kegunaan yang berbeza, dan boleh digunakan untuk tumbuh-
tumbuhan, haiwan dan manusia. Sebagai contoh, pengubah suaian genetik makanan
adalah satu bentuk GE yang melibatkan memanipulasi sel-sel tumbuh-tumbuhan.

Diagram 9.2 shows two tomato leaves which have been exposed to a bacterial
pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae. Leaf A is the normal leaf show disease when
infected with the bacteria while Leaf B, the genetically engineered leaf shows
practically no signs of damage.

Rajah 9.2 menunjukkan dua helai daun tomato yang telah didedahkan kepada sejenis
patogen bakteria ,Pseudomonas syringae. Daun A adalah daun normal yang
menunjukkan tanda-tanda penyakit setelah dijangkiti oleh bakteria tersebut,
manakala daun B yang telah mengalami pengubah suaian kandungan genetiknya tidak
menunjukkan tanda-tanda kerosakan.











Discuss the benefits and the risks of using the genetically engineered organisms
in agriculture and food production.
Bincangkan faedah dan risiko menggunakan organism yang terubah suai kandungan
genetiknya dalam pertanian dan penghasilan makanan.
[10 marks/10 markah]
Diagram 9.2 / Rajah 9.2
Leaf A/ Daun A
Leaf B/ Daun B

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(c)
a.
b. Diagram 9.3 shows a cloning process of a plant.
c. Rajah 9.3 menunjukkan proses pengklonan satu tumbuhan.
















Explain the characteristic of cloned plant.
Terangkan ciri-ciri tumbuhan yang diklon.
[4 marks]


END OF QUESTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

Leaf cells form calluses in culture medium
Sel daun membentuk kalus di dalam
medium kultur
Calluses develop into tiny plantlets
Kalus berkembang menjadi anak pokok kecil
Cloned plants
Tumbuhan klon
Leaf cells are taken from the parent plant
Sel daun diambil dari tumbuhan induk
Diagram 9.3
Rajah 9.3
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Question 1
Soalan 1
1. A group of students carried out an experiment to study the effect of intraspecific
competition on the growth of maize seedlings.
Sekumpulan pelajar menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan persaingan
intraspesifik ke atas pertumbuhan biji benih jagung.

Diagram 1 shows the apparatus set-up of the experiment
Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk eksperimen tersebut
















Step 1 : Three seedling trays are filled with 4 kg of garden soil.
Langkah 1 : Tiga kotak semaian diisikan dengan 4 kg tanah kebun.

Step 2 : The trays are labeled as P, Q and R.
Langkah 2 : Kotak-kotak semaian dilabelkan P, Q dan R.

Step 3 : In tray P, 50 maize seedlings are seedlinged at a distance of 15 cm
intervals.
In tray Q, 50 maize seedlings are seedlinged at a distance of 10 cm
intervals.
In tray R, 50 maize seedlings are seedlinged at a distance of 5 cm
intervals.
Langkah 3 : Dalam kotak P, 50 anak benih jagung ditanam pada jarak 15 cm
berselang seli.
Dalam kotak Q, 50 anak benih jagung ditanam pada jarak 10 cm
berselang seli.
Dalam kotak R, 50 anak benih jagung ditanam pada jarak 5 cm
berselang seli.

Step 4 : Each tray is watered daily with the same amount of water for 30 days.
Langkah 4 : Setiap kotak semaian disiram tiap-tiap hari dengan jumlah air
yang sama banyak untuk 30 hari.

Step 5 : After 30 days, remove 30 maize seedlings randomly from tray
P, tray Q and tray R. The root of seedlings are washed and wipedry.
Langkah 5 : Selepas 30 hari, 30 anak benih jagung secara rawak dari kotak
P, kotak Q dan kotak R. Akar anak benih dibersihkan dan dilapkan
sehingga kering.
O 0 0
O 0
0
0 0
0
0 0
0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0
0 0 0
0
0 0 0
0
0 0 0
0
0 0 0
0
0 0 0 0 0
0
0 0 0 0 0
0
0 0 0 0 0
0
0 0 0 0 0
0
0 0 0 0 0
0
Tray P/kotak
P
Tray Q
/kotak
Q
Tray R/kotak
R
Diagram 1/rajah
1
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Step 6 : The dry weight of the maize seedlings is recorded in Table 1.
Langkah 6 : Berat kering anak benih jagung dicatatkan dalam Jadual 1.


Distance
between
maize
seedlings /
jarak antara
anak benih
jagung (cm)



Dry weight of 30 maize seedlings (g) /
berat kering 30 anak benih jagung (g)










15



































10

























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5






















Table 1/Jadual 1

(a) Record the dry weight of the maize seedlings in the boxes provided in Table 1
Rekodkan berat kering anak benih jagung di dalam kotak yang disediakan dalam
Jadual 1.

(b) (i) Based on the results in Table 1 , state two observations that can be made from this
experiment.
Berdasarkan keputusan di dalam Jadual 1, nyatakan dua pemerhatian yang dapat
dibuat daripada eksperimen ini

Observation 1/pemerhatian 1:

......

......

......

Observation 2/pemerhatian 2:

......

......

......

[3 marks]







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(ii) State the inference from the observations in (b) (i).
Nyatakan inferens berdasarkan pemerhatian di (b) (i)

Inference from observation 1/inferen dari pemerhatian 1:

......

......

......

Inference from observation 2/inferen dari pemerhatian 2:

......

......

......
[3 marks]
(c) Complete Table 2 based on the experiment.
Berdasarkan eksperimen, lengkapkan Jadual 2 di bawah































[3 marks]


Variable
Pembolehubah
Particulars to be implemented
Cara mengendalikan pembolehubah
Manipulated/
manipulasi:












Responding /
bergerakbalas:













Controlled/ dimalarkan

.











Table 2// Jadual 2
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(d) State the hypothesis for this experiment.
Nyatakan hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini

......

......

......
[3 marks]

(e) Construct a table and record all your data collected in the experiment which include the
following aspects :
Bina satu jadual untuk merekodkan semua keputusan eksperimen meliputi aspek
berikut :

Distance between maize seedlings/jarak antara anak benih jagung
Dry weight of 30 maize seedlings/berat kering 30 anak benih jagung
Growth rate of maize seedling/kadar pertumbuhan anak benih jagung

Growth rate = Dry weight of maize seedlings
Number of days

Kadar pertumbuhan = Berat kering anak benih jagung
Bilangan hari



















[3 marks]


(f) Use the graph paper provided on page 55 to answer this question. Using the data in 1
(e) draw a graph of the growth rate of maize seedlings against the distance between the
maize seedlings.
Dengan menggunakan kertas graf yang dibekalkan pada muka surat 55 untuk
menjawab soalan ini. Dengan menggunakan data di dalam 1 (e), lukiskan graf kadar
pertumbuhan anak benih jagung melawan jarak di antara anak benih jagung

[3 marks]

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(g) Based on graph in 1 (f), explain the relationship between the growth rate of maize
seedlings and distance between seedling
Berdasarkan graf di 1 (f), terangkan hubungan di antara kadar pertumbuhan anak benih
jagung dan jarak antara anak benih.

......

.......

.......
[3 marks]

(h) If the experiment is repeated by increasing the distance between the maize seedlings to
20 cm, predict the observation . Explain your prediction..
Jika eksperimen diulang dengan meningkatkan jarak di antara anak benih jagung pada
20 cm,ramalkanpemerhatian. Terangkan ramalan anda.

......

.......

.......
[3 marks]

(i) Based on this experiment, what can you deduce about intraspecific competition?
Berdasarkan eksperimen ini, apakah yang dapat anda rumuskan tentang persaingan
intraspesifik?

......

......

......
[3 marks]

(j) When resources are limited supply, organisms living in the same habitat will compete for
the same resources. The following is a list of the resources.
Apabila sumber-sumber menjadi terhad, organisma hidup di habitat yang sama akan
bersaing untuk sumber yang sama. Berikut ialah senarai sumber-sumber tersebut.




In Table 3, classify the resources given according to what are the resources competed
by animals and resources compete by plants.
Dalam Jadual 3, klasifikasikan sumber-sumber yang diberi mengikut apakah sumber-
sumber yang dsaingi oleh haiwan dan sumber-sumber yang disaingi oleh tumbuhan.

The resources competed by animals/
Sumber-sumber yang dsaingi oleh haiwan
Resources compete by plants/
Sumber-sumber yang disaingi oleh
tumbuhan




Table 3 // Jadual 3 [3 marks]
Food/makanan Space/ruang Breedingmate/pasangan mengawan
Nutrient/nutrien Water/air Light/cahaya
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Question 2
Soalan 2

Ali is a farmer. He owns a plot of land in Cameron Highlands which is quite high
above sea level and is quite cold as well. He plants vegetables and some temperate
fruit trees.
Ali adalah seorang petani. Dia mempunyai sebuah ladang di Cameron Highland yang
terletak sangat tinggi dari aras laut dan terlalu sejuk. Beliau menanam sayur-sayuran
dan sedikit tumbuhan buah-buahan iklim sederhana.

In the afternoon, Ali used to notice his vegetable plants wilt, though the surrounding
is not hot. This phenomenon does not happen early in the morning.
Pada hari bercahaya dan bersinar, Ali sedia maklum tanaman sayurannya menjadi
layu walaupun hari tidak panas. Fenomena ini tidak berlaku pada waktu awal pagi.

Based on the above information, plan a laboratory experiment to determine the
effects of light intensity on the rate of transpiration. The planning of your experiment
must include the following aspects.
Berdasarkan penyataan di atas, rancangkan satu eksperimen mengkaji untuk kesan
keamatan cahaya ke atas kadar transpirasi. Perancangan eksperimen anda
hendaklah meliputi aspek-aspek berikut:

Problem statement / Penyataanmasalah
Aim of investigation / Objektif kajian
Hypothesis / Hipotesis
Variables / Pembolehubah
List of apparatus and material / Senarai radas dan bahan
Experimental procedure or method / Kaedah atau prosedur eksperimen
Presentation of data / Cara data dipersembahkan
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[17 marks]
END OF QUESTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT
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Answer all questions.
Jawab semua soalan.

Question 1
Soalan 1






















A group of students were provided with article above as guidance for them to conduct an experiment
to investigate the percentage of Vitamin C in different types of vegetables. They believe that
vegetables contain higher percentage of Vitamin C compared to fruits.
Sekumpulan pelajar telah dibekalkan dengan artikel di atas sebagai panduan untuk mereka
menjalankan sebuah eksperimen untuk menyiasat peratus Vitamin C dalam jenis sayuran yang
berbeza. Mereka percaya bahawa sayur-sayura mempunyai peratusan Vitamin C yang lebih tinggi
berbanding buah-buahan


The following steps were carried out.
Step 1: 20 grams of Cauliflower are blended with 20 ml of distilled water using a blender in 30
seconds

Step 2 : Suspension is filtered and the filtrate is collected. Fill a syringe with needle with 5 ml of
Cauliflower filtrate and leaf it a side.

Step 3 : 1 ml of DCPIP solution is measured using measuring cylinder and pour it into a specimen
tube
Another name for Vitamin C, a nutrient found in fresh fruits and vegetable is called Ascorbic
Acid. Among good sources of Vitamin C are citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, limes and
grapefruits, berries, tomatoes, green peppers, cabbage, broccoli and spinach. Currently the
recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin C is 50-60 mg/day for adults; 35 mg/day
for infants; 40-45 mg/day for children.
Stein, Jay H. Ascorbic Acid(Vitamin C) Deficiency. In Internal Medicine. St Louis: Mosby 1998

Nama lain bagi Vitamin C, nutrien yang dijumpai di dalam buah-buahan segar dan sayur-
sayuran dipanggil Asid Askorbik. Antara sumber Vitamin C adalah buah-buahan sitrus
seperti oren, limau, dan anggur, beri, tomato, cili hijau, kobis, brokoli dan bayam. Buat masa
ini, jumlah pemakanan cadangan (RDA) untuk Vitamin C adalah 50-60 mg/hari untuk
dewasa; 35mg/hari untuk bayi; 45mg/hari untuk kanak-kanak.
Stein, Jay H. Ascorbic Acid(Vitamin C) Deficiency. In Internal Medicine. St Louis: Mosby 1998

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BIOLOGY 4551 MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 2


Step 4: By using the syringe prepared in Step 2, deep in the needle in to the solution and pour in the
Cauliflower filtrate in to 1ml DCPIP solution in the specimen tube.

Step 5: By using the needle, stir the solution slowly until it is decolorized.

Step 6: Measure and record the final reading of the syringe.

Step 7: Repeat Step 1-6 by using Broccoli and Lime. While repeat Step 2-6 by replacing filtrate with
Ascorbic Acid.


























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BIOLOGY 4551 MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 3


The results of the experiment are shown in Table 1
Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan dalam Jadual 7.

Type of Filtrate
Jenis Hasil
Turasan

Final Reading
Bacaan Akhir

Amount of filtrate used to
decolorize 1ml DCPIP
solution (ml)
Jumlah hasil turasan yang
digunakan untuk
menyahwarna 1ml larutan
DCPIP (ml)


A (Cauliflower)










B (Broccoli)















C (Lime)










5
4
5
4
4
3
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BIOLOGY 4551 MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 4



D (Ascorbic Acid)












(a) Record the amount of filtrate used to decolorize 1 ml DCPIP solution in Table 1.
Rekod jumlah hasil turasan yang digunakan untuk mennyahwarna 1 ml larutan DCPIP
dalam Jadual 1

(b) i) State two different observations based on Table 1.
Nyatakan pemerhatian yang berbeza berdasarkan Jadual 1
Observation 1/ Pemerhatian 1
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
Observation 2/ Pemerhatian 2
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________





5
4
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BIOLOGY 4551 MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 5

ii) State two inferences based on observations made in 1(b).
Inference 1/ Inferens 1
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
Inference 2/ Inferens 2
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
(c) Complete Table 2 based on the experiment.
Lengkapkan Jadual 2 berdasarkan eksperimen.
Variable
Pembolehubah
Method to handle the variables
Cara mengendali pembolehubah
Manipulated variable
Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan
..........
.
.


.
..
.
Responding variable
Pembolehubah bergerak balas
.
.
.





Constant Variable
Pembolehubah dimalarkan
.

..


.


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BIOLOGY 4551 MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 6

(d) State the hypothesis of this experiment
Nyatakan hipotesis eksperimen ini
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

(e) i) Construct a table and record all the data collected in this experiment.
Your table should have following titles:-
Bina satu jadual dan rekod semua data yang dikumpulkan dalam eksperimen
Jadual anda hendaklah mengandungi tajuk-tajuk berikut:-

Types of fruit juices/ vegetables
Jenis Jus buah/ sayuran
Amount of fruit juices/ vegetables filtrate needed to decolorize 1 ml DCPIP
solution
Jumlah jus buah/ hasil tapisan sayuran yang diperlukan untuk
menyahwarna 1 ml larutan DCPIP
Percentage of Vitamin C in each specimen
Peratusan Vitamin C dalam setiap specimen









Percentage of Vitamin C
= Amount of Ascorbic Acid needed to decolorize DCPIP solution x 0.1%
Amount of Fruit Juice/ Vegetables Filtrate needed to
decolorize DCPIP solution

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BIOLOGY 4551 MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 7

ii) Use data from 1 (e) i) draw a bar chart of Type of vegetable filtrate against
percentage of Vitamin C.
Dengan menggunakan data dari 1 (e) i), lukiskan carta bar jenis tapisan sayuran
melawan peratusan Vitamin C.
(f) Based on the bar chart in (e) ii), state the relationship between types of vegetable
filtrate and percentage of Vitamin C.
Berdasarkan carta bar di (e) ii), nyatakan hubungan di antara jenis hasil turasan
sayur dan peratusan Vitamin C.

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

(g) State the operational definition for the percentage of Vitamin C.
Nyatakan definisi secara operasi untuk peratusan Vitamin C.

_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

(h) The experiment is repeated with Cauliflower filtrate which has been boiled.
Predict the outcome of this experiment.
Explain your answer.
Eksperimen ini diulang dengan menggunakan hasil turasan Cauliflower yang
telah dididihkan. Ramalkan hasil eksperimen ini.
Terangkan jawapan anda.
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
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BIOLOGY 4551 MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 8

(i) Using the list below, classify the material and apparatus needed in this
experiment.
Menggunakan senarai di bawah, kelaskan bahan dan radas yang diperlukan
dalam eksperimen ini.







Materials
Bahan
Apparatus
Radas

















Ascorbic Acid Fruit Juices Syringe with needle
Specimen Tube Measuring Cylinder DCPIP Solution
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BIOLOGY 4551 MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 9

Question 2
Soalan 2
Diagram 2 is an illustration of Hulu Selangor, Selangor area where there is a palm oil
farm near Gunung Nuang as well as few lots of bungalow 5 km down a stream which is
known as Sungai Congkak. As shown in the diagram below, Sungai Congkak is a river
that flows from up the stream towards the factory and bungalow lots.
August, 24 - Statistics from Jabatan P dan Saliran, Selangor shows there were few
reports from people leaving in the bungalow lots saying that the Sungai Congkak is
badly polluted due to pollutants released from the palm oil factory. They believe that the
disposable sewage enhance the growth of microorganism. Due to this contamination,
the reports also mentioned about children who were swimming in the river were
diagnosed with severe rashes.
Rajah 2 merupakan illustrasi kawasan Hulu Selangor, Selangor di mana terdapat lading
kelapa sawit berdekatan dengan Gunung Nuang serta beberapa lot banglo 5km
menuruni susur sebuah sungai yang dikenali sebagai Sungai Congkak. Seperti yang
ditunjukkan di dalam rajah di bawah, Sungai Congkak merupakan sungai yang mengalir
dari atas menuju ke kilang dan lot banglo.
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BIOLOGY 4551 MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP 10


As the representative of Jabatan Alam Sekitar, you are required to design a laboratory
experiment to study the degree of water pollution at three different stations along the
river.
Sebagai wakil Jabatan Alam Sekitar, anda dikehendaki untuk merancang sebuah
eksperimen makmal untuk mengetahui tahap pencemaran air di tiga stesen yang
berbeza sepanjang sungai tersebut.
Planning of your experiment must include following aspects:-
Perancangan eksperimen anda hendaklah mengandungi aspek-aspek tersebut berikut:-
Problem statement/ Penyataan masalah
Hypothesis/ Hipotesis
Variables/ Pembolehubah
Materials and apparatus/ Bahan dan Radas
Procedures/ Prosedur
Presentation of data/ Persembahan data

[17 marks]
END OF QUESTION PAPER
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