Installing IPCop

This step by step guide will teach you how to install IPCop for the very first time. If you don’t know much about how networks work, I guess that you read up on them first before trying out IPCop. I assume that you already have IPCop downloaded and burnt to a CD. If not, you can get it at http://www.ipcop.org. http://www.ipcop.org. You want to download the i386 CD ISO file and burn the ISO image to a CD.

Step One:
Insert the CD that you burnt and start up the computer. You may need to adjust your BIOS’s boot order to boot to the CD.

Step Two:
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After the computer is done booting to the CD, you will see a screen similar to the one below. Press enter to boot to the installation.

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Step Three:
Select your desired language and press Ok.

Step Four:
Press Ok to dismiss the welcome message. If you hit Cancel during any part of the installation, you will have to start the installation over again from the beginning.

Step Five:
A window will now come up looking like the one below. You should select CDROM/USB-KEY unless you plan on using the other installation method and know CDROM/USB what you are doing. Press Ok.

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Step Six:
Next, you will get a window saying that the installer will partition your hard disk. Go ahead and press Ok.

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Step Seven:
The installer will now begin to format the hard disk and create the partitions. After that is done, it will install the IPCop files onto the disk.

Step Eight:
After it is done installing the files, you will get a window similar to the one below. Make sure Skip is checked, unless you are reinstalling IPCop and have a backup file. Press Ok.

Step Nine:
Now you will get a window asking you to Probe or Select a network card for the Green Inter Interface. I suggest you click Probe, but if it can’t find your card, you can try , selecting it from the list with Select.

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Step Ten:
Next, if it found your card, you should get a screen that looks like the one below. card, Click Ok, if that is the card you want to assign. If you want to use a different card, , press Skip.

Step Eleven:
Now, you will be asked for the IP Address and Network mask (Subnet mask) for the Green Interface. I suggest using 192.168.1.1 for the IP Address and 255.255.255.0 for the Network mask. Press Ok when finished.

Step Twelve:
You should now get a message like the one below. This is a good sign that you are doing things right so far! Please take note of the important URLs listed, yo will need them later. you If you lose the URL, it is: https://ipcop:445 OR https://192.168.1.1:445 (depending on the IP Address you selected). Press Ok to dismiss the message.

Step Thirteen:
Pick the keyboard layout that you use. ick Press Ok.
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Step Fourteen:
Now it is time to pick your time zone. If you are in the Eastern Time zone, for example, pick US/Eastern US/Eastern. Press Ok.

Step Fifteen:
Now, you will be asked for the hostname of this machine. You can leave it set to the default (ipcop) if you want. Press Ok.

Step Sixteen:
On this step, you are asked to enter a domain name. You can leave this set to the domain default value (localdomain). Press Ok.

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Step Seventeen:
The next window that comes up is the ISDN configuration menu. You are probably not using ISDN for your internet. If you aren’t using it, press Disable ISDN.

Step Eighteen:
The next step is to change the network configuration type. The default is GREEN (RED is modem/ISDN). You most likely need a different configuration. Select Network configuration type from the list and press Ok.

Step Nineteen:
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The configuration type that I recommend you use is GREEN + RED. You may want to choose one o the other types though. of Below is a picture of what this screen looks like, as well as a table that explains the different options. Press Ok.

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Type
GREEN (RED is modem/ISDN) GREEN + ORANGE (RED is modem/ISDN)

Description
GREEN = Protected Network RED = Internet (modem) GREEN = Protected Network ORANGE = Publically Accessible Servers (DMZ) RED = Internet (modem) GREEN = Protected Network RED = Internet GREEN = Protected Network ORANGE = Publically Accessible Servers (DMZ) RED = Internet GREEN = Protected Network BLUE = Wireless Access Point (isolated AP) RED = Internet (modem) GREEN = Protected Network ORANGE = Publically Accessible Servers (DMZ) BLUE = Wireless Access Point (isolated AP) RED = Internet (modem) GREEN = Protected Network BLUE = Wireless Access Point (isolated AP) RED = Internet GREEN = Protected Network ORANGE = Publically Accessible Servers (DMZ) BLUE = Wireless Access Point (isolated AP) RED = Internet

GREEN + RED GREEN + ORANGE + RED

GREEN + BLUE (RED is modem/ISDN)

GREEN + ORANGE + BLUE (RED is modem/ISDN)

GREEN + BLUE + RED

GREEN + ORANGE + BLUE + RED

Step Twenty:
Since you changed the configuration type, you may need to assign more cards (1 for each interface you selected). Move down to Drivers and card assignments. Click Ok.

Step Twenty One:
On the next screen, it will show you which network cards are assigned and which interfaces still need one assigned to them. Press Ok, to change the settings. Go through the prompts to finish adding the remaining cards. You will get a message when all cards have been allocated.

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Step Twenty Two Two:
Next, move down to Address settings, and press Ok. , We need to configure the red interface, so move down to RED and press Ok. You most likely want to choose DHCP on the next screen for the RED interface, as your ISP usually provides this information via your cable cable/DSL modem. Leave the rest of the settings as they are. Press Ok.

Step Twenty Three:
Next, we need to configure our DNS and Gateway settings Please move down to settings. that and press Ok. On this screen, you will be asked for a Primary DNS Address Secondary DNS Address, Address, and a Default Gateway. This step is optional if you chose DHCP for the RED , . interface, but you can do it if you want to use a different DNS server (such as nterface, OpenDNS). Press Ok, when finished. ,

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Step Twenty Four:
When you return to the main menu screen, press Done. A new window will come up, allowing you to enable the DHCP server. If you would like to enable it, you may do so now. For this tutorial, I will be enabling it. hat See the table below to get an idea of what to type in for these settings. Depending on your IPCop IP, you may need to change them a little bit. If you chose 192.168.1.1 then these settings should work fine for you. Press Ok, when finished. ,

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Setting
Start address End address Primary DNS Secondary DNS Default lease (mins) Max lease (mins) Domain name suffix 192.168.1.100 192.168.1.150 192.168.1.1 60 120 localdomain

Value

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Step Twenty Five:
You will now be prompted for the root user password. This user is used for command line access access. Please type a password and confirm it. NOTE: IPCop is so secure that it won’t even show anything as you type your password. Press Ok, when finished. ,

Step Twenty Six:
You will now be prompted for the admin user password. This user is used for the web administration interface interface. Please type a password and confirm it. NOTE: IPCop is so secure that it won’t even show anything as you type your password. Press Ok, when finished , finished.

Step Twenty Seven Seven:
You will now be prompted for the backup user password. This u is used to create user backups of your IPCop configuration configuration. Please type a password and confirm it. NOTE: IPCop is so secure that it won’t even show anything as you type your password. Press Ok, when finished. ,

Setup is now complete. Press Ok to reboot.

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When it finishes rebooting, you will have a screen that looks like this:

This is the text based interface, you will rarely have to use this. Most of the configuration can be done from the web based interface.

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