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# SMK AMPUAN DURAH SEREMBAN 2014

## Section A [45 marks]

Answer all questions in this section.

1. In a study of the use of mobile phones among students, a random sample of 11 students was
examined for a particular week. The total lengths of calls, in minutes, made by 11 students
were as follows.
17, 23, 35, 36, 51, 53, 54, 55, 60 , 77, 110
(a) Find the median and quartiles for the data above. [3 marks]
(b) Show that the length of call of 110 minutes is the only outlier. [2 marks]
(c) Construct a boxplot and describe the distribution displayed by the data. [3 marks]

2. (a) A team of 4 members is to be selected from 8 students. Among the 8 students, two
students are with age 15 to 18 years old and six students are below 15 years. The rules allow at
most one member with age 15 to 18 years old. How many different selections are possible?
[3 marks]
(b) Johan goes to the park every day. When there is no homework, the probability he goes to
the park after 5.00 pm is
3
20
. When there is homework, the probability he goes to the park
after 5.00 pm is
7
20
. The probability that there is homework is
9
20
.
On a particular day, Johan goes to the park after 5.00 pm; find the probability that there is no
homework on that day. [4 marks]

3. The number of fatal accidents occurring along a certain stretch of the highway in a week can
be modeled by a Poisson distribution with a mean of 1.4
(a) Find the probability that in any one week chosen at random, less than 3 fatal accidents
occur. [3 marks]
(b) Find the probability that more than 5 fatal accidents happen in any 3-weeks period.
[4 marks]

2

4. The table shows the advertising expenses and sales revenue of a company selling computers
for the first seven months of 2014.
Advertising Expense
(RM million), x
3 6 5 4 6 10 9
Sales Revenue
(RM million), y
25 30 29 26 30 40 38
(a) Determine the Spearmans coefficient of rank correlation between the advertising
expenses and sales revenue and interpret. [4 marks]
(b) Find the linear regression equation y = a + bx and explain the value of b. [6 marks]

5. The following table shows the quantities sold and the unit price of three stationeries
manufactured by a company.

Stationary

Quantity Unit Price(RM)
2011 2012 2011 2012
X 8455 9872 2.50 2.70
Y 7432 8934 0.30 0.35
Z 3455 2918 4.50 5.10

(a) By using 2011 as the base year, calculate the Laspeyres quantity index and the Paasche
price index for year 2012 [4 marks]
(b) Determine whether the quantity sold or price of the stationeries contributes more to
the growth of the company. [2 marks]

6. The table below shows the expenses involved in exporting the raw material of plastic for
each quarter in the years 2008, 2009 and 2010

Year 2008 2009 2010
Quarter 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
Export per quarter
(RM 000)
850 800 780 860 900 850 835 910 950 910 890 975

(a) Plot the time series and determine which model is appropriate to study the time series.
[3 marks]
(b) Calculate the quarterly seasonal variation. [4 marks]
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Section B
[15 marks]

Answer any one question in this section.

7. The histogram shows the time, in hours, and the frequency density by a group of college
students doing community service.

(a) Copy and complete the following frequency table.

[1 mark]
(b) Estimate the number of students who do more than 20 hours of community service.
[3 marks]
(c) Find an estimate of mean and standard deviation of the data. [5 marks]
(d) Find the median and quartiles for the data. [3 marks]
(e) Calculate the Pearson coefficient of skewness. Interpret your answer. [3 marks]

Time,t 5 10 10 14 14 18 18 25 25 40
Frequency 10 16 24
Frequency density
1 -
2 -
3 -
4 -
5 -
6 -
0
|
5
|
10
|
14
|
18
|
25
|
40
t (hours)
4

8. The diagram shows the graph of the probability density function, f(x), of a random
variable X.

Given that the probability density function f(x) is defined by

( )
, 0 2
, 2 4
0 ,
ax x
f x b ax x
otherwise
s <

= s s

(a) State the value of E(X). [1 mark]
(b) Find the values of a and b. [4 marks]
(c) Show that the standard deviation, o, is 0.816 (correct to 3 decimal places). [4 marks]
(d) Find the lower quartile. [3 marks]
(e) State, by giving a reason, whether P (2 o < X < 2 + o) is more or less than 0.5 [3 marks]

f(x)
x
0
|
2
|
4

5

MATHEMATICAL FORMULAE
Summary Statistics
For ungrouped data
1
2 100
100
r r
th
r
x x k
if r n is an integer
k percentile
k
x if r n is not an integer
+
(

+ | |
=
|
\ .
=

| |

=
|

\ .

Standard Deviation
( )
( )
2
2
2
x x x
x
n n

= =

For grouped data
1
100
n
k
th
k
k
k
F
k percentile L c
f

| |

|
\ .
= +

Standard Deviation
( )
( )
2
2
2
f x x fx
x
f f

= =

Probability Distribution
Binomial Distribution

( ) ( ) 1 , 0,1, 2,...,
n x
x
n
P X x p p x n
x
| |
= = =
|
\ .

Poisson Distribution
( ) , 0,1, 2,...,
!
x
e
P X x x
x

= = =

Correlation and regression
Pearson correlation coefficient

Spearman rank correlation coefficient

Least squares regression line

y = a + bx ; ,

END OF QUESTION PAPER
( ) ( )
x y
xy
n
r
x y
x y
n n
| |

|
\ .
=
( (
( (

( (

2 2
2 2
( )
2
1
2
6
1
1
n
i
i
s
d
r
n n
=
=

( )
x y
xy
n
b
x
x
n
| |

|
\ .
=

2
2
a y bx =