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in observing phase, the teacher can provide the activities, includes paying attention to the picture, reading text w

by the teacher, listening to the teachers explanation, imitating the model of description text, discussing about a
thing that is unknown and want to know (Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Dasar, 2013b; Direktorat Pembinaan
Sekolah Menengah Pertama, 2013). The process of observing facts or phenomena exposure includes listening
activities, reading text, paying attention to the social function, the structure of the text, linguistic elements, and
delivery formation or writing.

After the observing phase, the teacher conducted questioning phase. The learning activity in this phase
is ask questions about information that is not understood from what is observed or questions to obtain additional
information about what is observed. The competence that is developed by this curriculum is creativity, curiosity,
the ability to formulate questions to establish the critical thinking necessary for intelligent life and long life
learning (Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2013d). In addition, the criteria of good questions are brief
and clear question, inspiring question, probing or divergent question, validity question, giving opportunity to the
students to rethinking, stimulating students cognitive ability and stimulating interaction process (Direktorat
Jenderal Pendidikan Dasar, 2013a).
The role of teacher in this stage is he gives initial question that encourages students to ask. He also
conducts discussion to build up students interest. It can be good way to persuade students to ask a question. The
objective of this stage is in order to students to think critically, logically and systematically. The process is
performed through questioning discussion activities and group work and class discussion. Activity can ask them
question the distinction made in the form of exposure to both orally and in writing in English and Indonesian,
including usage differences, differences in sentence patterns, and content of the discourse as central idea,
specific information, detailed information, reference the word, and so on. The students activities in this activity
are asking or answering question to the teacher about things related to lesson (Direktorat Pembinaan Sekolah
Menengah Pertama, 2013). For instance, they ask about content of text, meaning text, grammar, text structure,
the function of communicative text, things which want to know in simple way. The students ask how to describe
people, animal, and things.
In order to answer question in questioning stage, the students need collecting information/exploring.
The learning activity is doing experiments by discussing, reading sources other than textbooks by using
dictionary to find difficult words, observing the objects/events/ activities, having interview with the informant.
The competence is developed to develop an conscientious attitude, honest, polite, respect other people's
opinions, abilities communicating, implementing the ability to gather information through a variety of ways to
learn, develop the habit of learning and long life learning (Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2013d).
The teacher activities in collecting information/exploring are 1) sorting, matching, labeling activities;
2) activities focusing on device; 3) small group construction of text; 4) jigsaw and information gap activities; 5)
presentation and practice activities relating to the grammatical features of text; 6) skeleton text (Direktorat
Jenderal Pendidikan Dasar, 2013b).
In addition, the students activities in collecting information/exploring as follow: 1) reading various
descriptive texts; discussing about the material; 3) studying in group; 4) sorting, matching and labeling activities
such underlining pronoun in texts, circling adjective in texts, giving mark triangle for verb in group; 5) having
interview with informant (Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Dasar, 2013b; Direktorat Pembinaan Sekolah
Menengah Pertama, 2013:5).
The next learning phase is associating. The learning activities of these phase is analyzing collected
information either limited from the result of activities or from observing and collecting information. Examining
the collected information from the one improving the comprehension to the information analysis aiming at
looking for the solution from many different sources having different and opposite point of view (Kementrian
Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2013d). The competence that is developed are develop attitudes honest,
conscientious, disciplined, law-abiding, hard work, ability to implement procedures and inductive and deductive
thinking skills in concluding (Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2013d).
This phase aims to build the capacity to think and act scientifically. The teachers activities in
associating are 1) demanding students to analyze the result of exploring; 2) self assessment and peer assessment
activities; 3) demanding students to sequence the pictures; 4) comparing the model text with other text
(Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Dasar, 2013b; Direktorat Pembinaan Sekolah Menengah Pertama, 2013). This
activity also can be designed by teacher through situations that are engineered in group activities so students do
activities such as analyzing texts, classify, categorize, infer, compare different expressions, text structure, and
elements of language, discuss the content of the discourse, as well as obtaining feedback from teacher. In
addition, the students activities in this activity as follow: 1) analyzing the collected data from collecting
activities; 2) indentifying the result of labeling activities which underlining pronoun in texts, circling adjective
in texts, giving mark triangle for verb in group; 3) obtaining teacher feedback towards the analyzing activity
(Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Dasar, 2013b; Direktorat Pembinaan Sekolah Menengah Pertama, 2013).
The last phase is communicating. The learning activities of this phase are delivering the observation
result and summary based on the oral and written analysis as well as other media use. Furthermore,
communicating activities are activities to deliver results in the form of conceptualization as demonstrated oral
and written, write, explain, edit the work of a friend; the magazine published the results of the work on the
walls, bulletin school, learning journals, and school blogs. In addition, it is the writing activity or telling what
have been found in the activity of collecting information, associating, and finding new pattern. The collected are
delivered in front of class (Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2013d).
The competence that developed is develop attitudes of honest, thorough, tolerance, the ability to think
systematically, to express their opinions briefly and clearly, and to develop good language skills and correct.
The teacher activities in communicating are 1) demanding students to ticking or underlying material on
worksheet; 2) demanding students to answer questions; 3) handwriting or typing practice as needed for use of
the text type; 4) demanding students to present the tasks; 5) demanding students to present draft and whole text
(Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Dasar, 2013b). The students activity in this activity is writing the result of
discussion, presenting the discussion result of writing descriptive text, obtaining the teachers feedback of the
presentation activity (Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Dasar, 2013b). It is in line with Browns (2007:219)
statement on communicative competence which facilitates students to develop spoken and written
communicative competence.